Rough-terrain trucks - Safety requirements and verification - Part 1: Variable-reach trucks

This European Standard specifies the safety requirements of self-propelled variable-reach rough-terrain trucks (hereafter referred to as trucks), intended to handle loads, equipped with a telescopic lifting means (pivoted boom), on which a load handling device (e.g. carriage and fork arms) is fitted.
For the purpose of this standard, rough-terrain variable-reach trucks are designed to transport, lift and place loads and can be driven on unimproved terrain.
Fork arms are considered to be part of the truck. Trucks can also be equipped with a variety of attachments (e.g. bale spikes, mowers, sweepers).
This European Standard deals with all the significant hazards, hazardous situations and events relevant to the trucks when they are used as intended and under conditions of misuse which are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer (see Annex A).
This European Standard does not apply to:
-   slewing variable reach rough terrain trucks covered by EN 1459-2;
-   industrial variable reach trucks covered by EN ISO 3691-2;
-   lorry-mounted variable reach trucks;
-   variable reach trucks fitted with tilting or elevating operator position;
-   mobile cranes covered by EN 13000;
-   machines designed primarily for earth moving, even if their buckets and blades are replaced with forks (see EN 474 series);
-   trucks designed primarily with variable length load suspension elements (e.g. chain, ropes) from which the load may swing freely in all directions;
-   trucks fitted with personnel/work platforms, designed to move persons to elevated working positions;
-   trucks designed primarily for container handling;
-   trucks on tracks;
-   trucks with articulated chassis;
-   attachments (covered by prEN 1459-5).
This European Standard does not address hazards linked to:
-   hybrid power systems;
-   gas power system;
-   gasoline engine system;
-   battery power system;
-   tractor specific devices (e.g. PTO).
This European Standard does not address hazards which may occur:
a)   when handling suspended loads which may swing freely (additional requirements are given in prEN 1459-4 (in preparation));
b)   when using trucks on public roads;
c)   when operating in potentially explosive atmospheres;
d)   when operating underground;
e)   when towing trailers;
f)   when fitted with a personnel work platform (additional requirements are given in EN 1459-3);
g)   when using cruise-control.
This European Standard does not provide a method of calculation for fatigue and strength of material.
This document is not applicable to trucks manufactured before the date of its publication.

Geländegängige Stapler - Sicherheitstechnische Anforderungen und Verifizierung - Teil 1: Stapler mit veränderlicher Reichweite

Diese Europäische Norm legt die sicherheitstechnischen Anforderungen an kraftbetriebene geländegängige Stapler mit veränderlicher Reichweite (nachfolgend als Stapler bezeichnet) fest, welche zur Handhabung von Lasten vorgesehen sind, ausgestattet mit einer teleskopierbaren Hebevorrichtung (drehbarer Hubarm), an der eine Lastaufnahmeeinrichtung (z. B. Gabelträger und Gabelzinken) angebracht ist.
Zum Zwecke dieser Norm werden geländegängige Stapler mit veränderlicher Reichweite als Fahrzeuge ausgeführt, welche Lasten transportieren, heben und absetzen, sowie auf unbefestigten Untergründen fahren können.
Gabelzinken gelten als Teile des Staplers. Stapler können auch mit einer Vielzahl Zusatzeinrichtungen (z. B. Ballenspieße, Mäher, Räumgeräten) ausgestattet sein.
Diese Europäische Norm behandelt die für die Stapler zutreffenden signifikanten Gefährdungen, Gefährdungssituationen und -ereignisse, wenn die Stapler bestimmungsgemäß und unter Bedingungen, die vom Hersteller als Fehlanwendung vernünftigerweise vorhersehbar sind, verwendet werden (siehe Anhang A).
Diese Europäische Norm gilt nicht für:
- schwenkbare geländegängige Stapler mit veränderlicher Reichweite, die in EN 1459 2 behandelt werden;
- Flurförderzeuge mit veränderlicher Reichweite, die in EN ISO 3691 2 behandelt werden;
- Mitnehmstapler mit veränderlicher Reichweite;
- Stapler mit veränderlicher Reichweite, die mit neigbarem oder hebbarem Bedienerplatz ausgestattet sind;
- Mobilkräne, die in EN 13000 behandelt werden;
- Maschinen, die in erster Linie für Erdbewegungen ausgelegt sind, auch wenn deren Schaufeln und Planierschilde durch Gabelzinken ersetzt wurden (siehe Normenreihe EN 474);
- Stapler, die in erster Linie mit Lastaufnahmeelementen veränderlicher Länge (z. B. Kette, Seile) ausgestattet sind, bei denen die Last in alle Richtungen frei pendeln kann;
- Stapler mit Arbeitsbühnen, die dafür ausgelegt sind, Personen zu höher gelegenen Arbeitspositionen zu heben;
- Stapler, die in erster Linie für die Handhabung von Containern ausgelegt sind;
- schienengebunde Stapler;
- Stapler mit Knicklenkung;
- !Zusatzeinrichtungen".
Diese Europäische Norm befasst sich nicht mit Gefährdungen in Verbindung mit:
- hybridbetriebenen Systemen;
- gasbetriebenen Systemen;
- benzinbetriebenen Systemen;
- batteriebetriebenen Systemen;
- traktorspezifischen Vorrichtungen (z. B. PTO).
Diese Europäische Norm befasst sich nicht mit Gefährdungen, die vorkommen können:
a) durch Befördern hängender Lasten, die frei pendeln können (zusätzliche Anforderungen sind in prEN 1459 4 angegeben (in Vorbereitung));
b) durch Benutzung von Staplern auf öffentlichen Straßen;
c) beim Betrieb in explosionsfähigen Atmosphären;
d) beim Betrieb unter Tage;
e) beim Schleppen von Anhängern;
f) beim Anbringen einer Arbeitsbühne (zusätzliche Anforderungen sind in EN 1459 3 gegeben);
g) bei Verwendung der Geschwindigkeitsregelung.
Diese Europäische Norm stellt keine Verfahren zur Berechnung von Werkstoffermüdung und  festigkeit zur Verfügung.
Dieses Dokument gilt nicht für Stapler, die vor Veröffentlichung dieser EN hergestellt wurden.

Chariots tout-terrain - Prescriptions de sécurité et vérification - Partie 1 : Chariots à portée variable

La présente Norme européenne spécifie les prescriptions de sécurité des chariots tout-terrain automoteurs à portée variable (ci-après désignés « chariots »), destinés à manutentionner des charges, équipés de moyens de levage télescopiques (flèche relevable), sur lesquels un dispositif porte-charge est monté (par exemple, un tablier porte-équipement et des bras de fourche).
Pour les besoins de la présente norme, les chariots tout-terrain à portée variable sont conçus pour transporter, soulever et placer des charges, et peuvent être conduits sur des sols non aménagés.
Les bras de fourche sont considérés comme partie du chariot. Les chariots peuvent être également équipés d'une grande variété d'accessoires (par exemple, fourche à ballots, faucheuse, balayeuse).
La présente Norme européenne traite de tous les phénomènes dangereux significatifs, des situations et évènements dangereux pertinents pour les chariots lorsqu'ils sont utilisés comme prévu et dans les conditions de mauvaise utilisation qui sont raisonnablement prévisibles par le fabricant (voir Annexe A).
La présente Norme européenne ne s'applique pas :
-   aux chariots tout-terrain à portée variable rotatifs couverts par l'EN 1459 2 ;
-   aux chariots industriels à portée variable traités dans l'EN ISO 3691 2 ;
-   aux chariots à portée variable embarqués sur porteurs routiers ;
-   aux chariots à portée variable avec poste de conduite inclinable ou élevable ;
-   aux grues mobiles couvertes par l'EN 13000 ;
-   aux machines conçues principalement pour le terrassement, même si leurs godets et leurs lames sont remplacés par des fourches (voir la série de normes EN 474) ;
-   aux chariots conçus principalement avec des éléments de suspension de la charge à longueur variable (tels que chaînes, câbles) et permettant à la charge d'osciller librement dans toutes les directions ;
-   aux chariots équipés de plates-formes de travail pour le personnel, conçues pour déplacer les personnes vers des positions de travail surélevées ;
-   aux chariots conçus principalement pour la manutention de conteneurs ;
-   aux chariots sur chenilles ;
-   aux chariots à châssis articulé ;
-   aux accessoires.
La présente Norme européenne ne traite pas des phénomènes dangereux liés aux :
-   systèmes à source d'énergie hybride ;
-   système à source d'énergie gaz ;
-   système à moteur à essence ;
-   système alimentés par batteries ;
-   dispositifs spécifiques aux tracteurs (par exemple, PTO).
La présente Norme européenne ne traite pas des phénomènes dangereux pouvant apparaître :
a)   lors de la manutention de charges suspendues qui peuvent se balancer librement (les prescriptions supplémentaires sont données dans le prEN 1459-4 (en cours d’élaboration)) ;
b)   lors de l'utilisation des chariots sur les voies publiques ;
c)   lors d’une utilisation en atmosphères explosibles ;
d)   lors de travaux souterrains ;
e)   lors de la traction de remorques ;
f)   lorsque les chariots sont équipés d’une plate-forme de personnel/travail (des prescriptions supplémentaires sont données dans l’EN 1459-3) ;
g)   lors de l'utilisation d'un régulateur de vitesse.
La présente Norme européenne ne fournit pas de méthode de calcul de la fatigue et de la résistance du matériau.
Le présent document n'est pas applicable aux chariots fabriqués avant la date de sa publication.

Vozila za talni transport - Terenska vozila - Varnostne zahteve in preverjanje - 1. del: Vozila z mehanizmom za dviganje s spremenljivim dosegom

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
25-Feb-2020
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing
Due Date
26-Feb-2020
Completion Date
26-Feb-2020

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 1459-1:2018+A1:2020
01-julij-2020

Vozila za talni transport - Terenska vozila - Varnostne zahteve in preverjanje - 1.

del: Vozila z mehanizmom za dviganje s spremenljivim dosegom

Rough-terrain trucks - Safety requirements and verification - Part 1: Variable-reach

trucks

Geländegängige Stapler - Sicherheitstechnische Anforderungen und Verifizierung - Teil

1: Stapler mit veränderlicher Reichweite

Chariots tout-terrain - Prescriptions de sécurité et vérification - Partie 1 : Chariots à

portée variable
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 1459-1:2017+A1:2020
ICS:
53.060 Industrijski tovornjaki Industrial trucks
SIST EN 1459-1:2018+A1:2020 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST EN 1459-1:2018+A1:2020
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST EN 1459-1:2018+A1:2020
EN 1459-1:2017+A1
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
February 2020
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 53.060 Supersedes EN 1459-1:2017
English Version
Rough-terrain trucks - Safety requirements and
verification - Part 1: Variable-reach trucks

Chariots tout-terrain - Prescriptions de sécurité et Geländegängige Stapler - Sicherheitstechnische

vérification - Partie 1 : Chariots à portée variable Anforderungen und Verifizierung - Teil 1: Stapler mit

veränderlicher Reichweite

This European Standard was approved by CEN on 1 May 2017 and includes Amendment 1 approved by CEN on 25 November

2019.

This European Standard was corrected and reissued by the CEN-CENELEC Magagement Centre on 11 March 2020.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATIO N
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUN G
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2020 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 1459-1:2017+A1:2020 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST EN 1459-1:2018+A1:2020
EN 1459-1:2017+A1:2020 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 4

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 6

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 7

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 8

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................ 11

4 Safety requirements and/or protective measures .......................................................................... 15

4.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 15

4.2 !Starting/stopping of engine and moving machine" .............................................................. 16

4.3 Brakes............................................................................................................................................................... 17

4.4 Electrical and electronic systems ........................................................................................................... 17

4.5 Controls ............................................................................................................................................................ 20

4.6 Power systems and accessories .............................................................................................................. 24

4.7 Stabilizing devices ....................................................................................................................................... 26

4.8 Design requirements for maintenance purposes ............................................................................. 28

4.9 Systems for lifting, tilting and reaching ............................................................................................... 29

4.10 Operator’s station ........................................................................................................................................ 31

4.11 Operator access............................................................................................................................................. 36

4.12 Protective measures and devices ........................................................................................................... 37

4.13 Stability requirements ............................................................................................................................... 38

4.14 Visibility........................................................................................................................................................... 39

4.15 Lighting ............................................................................................................................................................ 39

4.16 Fire protection .............................................................................................................................................. 39

4.17 Retrieval, transportation and lifting ..................................................................................................... 39

4.18 Noise ................................................................................................................................................................. 40

4.19 Electromagnetic compatibility ................................................................................................................ 40

5 Verification of requirements and safety measures ......................................................................... 41

5.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 41

5.2 Functional verification ............................................................................................................................... 41

5.3 Structural verification ................................................................................................................................ 41

5.4 Load holding verification .......................................................................................................................... 42

6 Information for use ..................................................................................................................................... 42

6.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 42

6.2 Graphical symbols and warning ............................................................................................................. 43

6.3 Instruction handbook ................................................................................................................................. 48

6.4 Marking ............................................................................................................................................................ 52

6.5 Load chart ....................................................................................................................................................... 52

Annex A (informative) List of significant hazards ........................................................................................... 55

Annex B (informative) Consistency of motions ................................................................................................ 61

Annex C (normative) Rules for the construction and layout of pedals .................................................... 62

C.1 Definitions ...................................................................................................................................................... 62

C.2 Requirements ................................................................................................................................................ 62

C.3 Design and manufacture ............................................................................................................................ 63

---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
SIST EN 1459-1:2018+A1:2020
EN 1459-1:2017+A1:2020 (E)

Annex ZA (informative) Relationship between this European Standard and the essential

requirements of Directive 2006/42/EC aimed to be covered ...................................................... 65

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 69

---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
SIST EN 1459-1:2018+A1:2020
EN 1459-1:2017+A1:2020 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN 1459-1:2017+A1:2020) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 150

“Industrial Trucks - Safety”, the secretariat of which is held by BSI.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by August 2020 and conflicting national standards shall

be withdrawn at the latest by February 2021.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes !EN 1459-1:2017".
This document includes Amendment 1, approved by CEN on 2019-11-25.

The start and finish of text introduced or altered by amendment is indicated in the text by tags !".

!Together with EN ISO 3691-2:2016 and prEN 16307-2:2017, EN 1459-1:2017 superseded

EN 1459:1998+A3:2012.

In comparison with the previous edition EN 1459:1998+A3:2012, the following significant changes

have been made:

— industrial variable-reach trucks have been removed from the scope and are dealt with in

EN ISO 3691-2 and EN 16307-2;

— annexes giving stability tests requirements have been removed; this standard refers to the

ISO 22915 series for stability tests;
— LPG-engine powered trucks have been removed from the scope;

— performance level requirements for safety functions have been added in a table;

— ergonomic requirements have been added;

— format and requirements have been influenced by the equivalent ISO standard in order to prepare

the global relevance.

The most significant changes introduced by Amendment 1 FprEN 1459-1:2019 leading to the new

version EN 1459-1:2017+A1:2020 of edition EN 1459-1:2017 are:

— different conditions for the test to determine if the truck can still be controlled in case of failure of

the hydraulic steering;

— incorporation in this standard of the relevant requirements applicable to electric circuits, instead of

referencing to EN 1175-2:1998+A1:2010;

— exclusion of some requirements of EN ISO 4413:2010, which were not relevant or applicable to

trucks;

— other minor changes, mainly editorial clarifications of existing requirements."

---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
SIST EN 1459-1:2018+A1:2020
EN 1459-1:2017+A1:2020 (E)

This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the

European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive(s).

For relationship with EU Directives, see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this

document.

EN 1459 consists of the following parts, under the general title Rough-terrain trucks — Safety

requirements and verification:
— Part 1: Variable-reach trucks
— Part 2: Slewing variable-reach trucks
— Part 3: Interface between the variable-reach truck and the work platform

— Part 4: Additional requirements for variable-reach trucks handling suspended loads (in preparation)

— Part 5: Additional requirements for attachments and attachment interface

— Part 6: Application of EN ISO 13849-1 to slewing and non-slewing variable-reach rough-terrain

trucks (Technical Report)
— Part 7: Test method and determination of noise emission (in preparation)
— Part 8: Variable-reach tractors (Technical Specification)

NOTE Part 7 will be developed in line with the development of the revision of the Outdoor noise directive.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organisations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland,

Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of

North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the

United Kingdom.
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
SIST EN 1459-1:2018+A1:2020
EN 1459-1:2017+A1:2020 (E)
Introduction

This European Standard covers general safety requirements and the means for verification of these

requirements for rough-terrain variable-reach trucks.
All quantities are in SI units, and this includes metric units.

Considering the technical improvements to the previous version of EN 1459, a transition period of

12 months is permitted after the date of publication, such that manufacturers can develop their

products sufficiently to meet the requirements of this European Standard.
This document is a type C standard as stated in EN ISO 12100.

This document is of relevance, in particular, for the following stakeholder groups representing the

market players with regard to machinery safety:
— machine manufacturers (small, medium and large enterprises);

— health and safety bodies (regulators, accident prevention organizations, market surveillance etc.)

Others can be affected by the level of machinery safety achieved with the means of the document by the

above-mentioned stakeholder groups:
— machine users/employers (small, medium and large enterprises);

— machine users/employees (e.g. trade unions, organizations for people with special needs);

— service providers, e.g. for maintenance (small, medium and large enterprises);
— consumers (in case of machinery intended for use by consumers).

The above-mentioned stakeholder groups have been given the possibility to participate at the drafting

process of this document.

The machinery concerned and the extent to which hazards, hazardous situations or hazardous events

are covered are indicated in the Scope of this document.

When provisions of this type C standard are different from those which are stated in type A or B

standards, the provisions of this type C standard take precedence over the provisions of the other

standards, for machines that have been designed and built according to the provisions of this type C

standard.
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
SIST EN 1459-1:2018+A1:2020
EN 1459-1:2017+A1:2020 (E)
1 Scope

This European Standard specifies the safety requirements of self-propelled variable-reach rough-

terrain trucks (hereafter referred to as trucks), intended to handle loads, equipped with a telescopic

lifting means (pivoted boom), on which a load handling device (e.g. carriage and fork arms) is fitted.

For the purpose of this standard, rough-terrain variable-reach trucks are designed to transport, lift and

place loads and can be driven on unimproved terrain.

Fork arms are considered to be part of the truck. Trucks can also be equipped with a variety of

attachments (e.g. bale spikes, mowers, sweepers).

This European Standard deals with all the significant hazards, hazardous situations and events relevant

to the trucks when they are used as intended and under conditions of misuse which are reasonably

foreseeable by the manufacturer (see Annex A).
This European Standard does not apply to:
— slewing variable reach rough terrain trucks covered by EN 1459-2;
— industrial variable reach trucks covered by EN ISO 3691-2;
— lorry-mounted variable reach trucks;
— variable reach trucks fitted with tilting or elevating operator position;
— mobile cranes covered by EN 13000;

— machines designed primarily for earth moving, even if their buckets and blades are replaced with

forks (see EN 474 series);

— trucks designed primarily with variable length load suspension elements (e.g. chain, ropes) from

which the load may swing freely in all directions;

— trucks fitted with personnel work platforms, designed to move persons to elevated working

positions;
— trucks designed primarily for container handling;
— trucks on tracks;
— trucks with articulated chassis;
— !attachments".
This European Standard does not address hazards linked to:
— hybrid power systems;
— gas power system;
— gasoline engine system;
— battery power system;
— tractor specific devices (e.g. PTO).
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
SIST EN 1459-1:2018+A1:2020
EN 1459-1:2017+A1:2020 (E)
This European Standard does not address hazards which may occur:

a) when handling suspended loads which may swing freely (additional requirements are given in

prEN 1459-4 (in preparation));
b) when using trucks on public roads;
c) when operating in potentially explosive atmospheres;
d) when operating underground;
e) when towing trailers;

f) when fitted with a personnel work platform (additional requirements are given in EN 1459-3);

g) when using cruise-control.

This European Standard does not provide a method of calculation for fatigue and strength of material.

This document is not applicable to trucks manufactured before the date of its publication.

2 Normative references

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are

indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated

references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

!deleted text"

prEN 1459-5:2017, Rough-terrain trucks - Safety requirements and verification - Part 5: Attachments and

attachment interface

EN 12053:2001+A1:2008, Safety of industrial trucks - Test methods for measuring noise emissions

EN 12895:2015, Industrial trucks - Electromagnetic compatibility

EN 13059:2002+A1:2008, Safety of industrial trucks - Test methods for measuring vibration

EN 13309:2010, Construction machinery - Electromagnetic compatibility of machines with internal power

supply

EN 15000:2008, Safety of industrial trucks - Self propelled variable reach trucks - Specification,

performance and test requirements for longitudinal load moment indicators and longitudinal load

moment limiters

EN 15830:2012, Rough-terrain variable reach trucks - Visibility - Test methods and verification

EN 60529:1991, Degrees of protection provided by enclosures (IP Code) (IEC 60529:1989)

EN 62061:2005, Safety of machinery - Functional safety of safety-related electrical, electronic and

programmable electronic control systems (IEC 62061:2005)

1) This European Standard is impacted by the amendments EN 60529:1991/A1:2000 and

EN 60529:1991/A2:2013.
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
SIST EN 1459-1:2018+A1:2020
EN 1459-1:2017+A1:2020 (E)

EN ISO 2860:2008, Earth-moving machinery - Minimum access dimensions (ISO 2860:1992)

EN ISO 2867:2011, Earth-moving machinery - Access systems (ISO 2867:2011)

EN ISO 3449:2008, Earth-moving machinery - Falling-object protective structures - Laboratory tests and

performance requirements (ISO 3449:2005)

EN ISO 3457:2008, Earth-moving machinery - Guards - Definitions and requirements (ISO 3457:2003)

EN ISO 3471:2008, Earth-moving machinery - Roll-over protective structures - Laboratory tests and

performance requirements (ISO 3471:2008)

EN ISO 4413:2010, Hydraulic fluid power - General rules and safety requirements for systems and their

components (ISO 4413:2010)

EN ISO 5353:1998, Earth-moving machinery, and tractors and machinery for agriculture and forestry -

Seat index point (ISO 5353:1995)

EN ISO 6682:2008, Earth-moving machinery - Zones of comfort and reach for controls (ISO 6682:1986,

including Amd 1:1989)

EN ISO 6683:2008, Earth-moving machinery - Seat belts and seat belt anchorages - Performance

requirements and tests (ISO 6683:2005)

EN ISO 7096:2008, Earth-moving machinery - Laboratory evaluation of operator seat vibration (ISO

7096:2000)

EN ISO 11688-1:2009, Acoustics - Recommended practice for the design of low-noise machinery and

equipment - Part 1: Planning (ISO/TR 11688-1:1995)

EN ISO 12100:2010, Safety of machinery - General principles for design - Risk assessment and risk

reduction (ISO 12100:2010)

EN ISO 13849-1:2015, Safety of machinery - Safety-related parts of control systems - Part 1: General

principles for design (ISO 13849-1:2015)

EN ISO 13850:2015, Safety of machinery - Emergency stop function - Principles for design (ISO

13850:2015)

EN ISO 13857:2008, Safety of machinery - Safety distances to prevent hazard zones being reached by

upper and lower limbs (ISO 13857:2008)

!ISO 2328:2011, Fork-lift trucks — Hook-on type fork arms and fork arm carriages — Mounting

dimensions"

ISO 2330:2002, Fork-lift trucks - Fork arms - Technical characteristics and testing

ISO 3795:1989, Road vehicles, and tractors and machinery for agriculture and forestry - Determination of

burning behaviour of interior materials

ISO 5053-1:2015, Industrial trucks - Terminology and classification - Part 1: Types of industrial trucks

ISO 6011:2003, Earth-moving machinery - Visual display of machine operation
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
SIST EN 1459-1:2018+A1:2020
EN 1459-1:2017+A1:2020 (E)

ISO 6016:2008, Earth-moving machinery - Methods of measuring the masses of whole machines, their

equipment and components

ISO 6292:2008, Powered industrial trucks and tractors - Brake performance and component strength

ISO 7000:2014, Graphical symbols for use on equipment - Registered symbols

ISO 9533:2010, Earth-moving machinery - Machine-mounted audible travel alarms and forward horns -

Test methods and performance criteria

ISO 10263-2:2009, Earth-moving machinery - Operator enclosure environment - Part 2: Air filter element

test method

ISO 10263-3:2009, Earth-moving machinery - Operator enclosure environment - Part 3: Pressurization

test method

ISO 10263-4:2009, Earth-moving machinery - Operator enclosure environment - Part 4: Heating,

ventilating and air conditioning (HVAC) test method and performance

ISO 11112:1995+A1:2001, Earth-moving machinery - Operator’s seat - Dimensions and requirements

ISO 12508:1994, Earth-moving machinery - Operator station and maintenance areas - Bluntness of edges

ISO 12509:2004, Earth-moving machinery - Lighting, signalling and marking lights, and reflex-reflector

devices

!ISO 13284:2003, Fork-lift trucks — Fork-arm extensions and telescopic fork arms — Technical

characteristics and strength requirements"

ISO 13333:1994, Earth-moving machinery - Dumper body support and operator’s cab tilt support devices

ISO 15817:2012, Earth-moving machinery - Safety requirements for remote operator control systems

ISO 15818:2017, Earth-moving machinery - Lifting and tying-down attachment points - Performance

requirements

ISO 15870:2000, Powered industrial trucks - Safety signs and hazard pictorials - General principles

ISO 16528-1:2007, Boilers and pressure vessels - Part 1: Performance requirements

ISO 16528-2:2007, Boilers and pressure vessels - Part 2: Procedures for fulfilling the requirements of ISO

16528-1

ISO 21507:2010, Earth-moving machinery - Performance requirements for non-metallic fuel tanks

ISO 22915-10:2008, Industrial trucks - Verification of stability - Part 10: Additional stability test for trucks

operating in the special condition of stacking with load laterally displaced by powered devices

ISO 22915-14:2010, Industrial trucks - Verification of stability - Part 14: Rough-terrain variable-reach

trucks

ISO 22915-20:2008, Industrial trucks - Verification of stability - Part 20: Additional stability test for trucks

operating in the special condition of offset load, offset by utilization
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SIST EN 1459-1:2018+A1:2020
EN 1459-1:2017+A1:2020 (E)
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in EN ISO 12100:2010,

ISO 5053-1:2015 and the following apply.
3.1
rough-terrain variable-reach truck

variable-reach truck intended primarily for operation on unimproved natural terrain and on the

disturbed terrain of, for example, construction site
[SOURCE: ISO 5053-1:2015, 2.21]
3.2
variable-reach truck

lift truck fitted with one or more articulated arms, telescopic or not, non-slewing or having a slewing

movement of not more than 5° either side of the longitudinal axis of the truck used for stacking loads

[SOURCE: ISO 5053-1:2015, 2.20]
Note 1 to entry: See Figure 1.
Figure 1 — Variable-reach truck
3.3
compact truck
truck having a maximum height in normal travel mode of 2 150 mm and:
— a maximum operating mass of 6 000 kg;
and/or
— a maximum width in normal travel mode of 1 850 mm

Note 1 to entry: These dimensions do not include equipment such as working lights, mirrors, etc.

3.4
actual capacity

maximum load, established by the manufacturer based on components strength and truck stability, that

the truck can carry, lift and stack to a specified height, at a specified standard load centre distance and

reach, in normal operating conditions

Note 1 to entry: The actual capacity depends on the configuration of the truck in terms of such variables as:

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SIST EN 1459-1:2018+A1:2020
EN 1459-1:2017+A1:2020 (E)
— lift height;
— reach of the boom;
— standard load centre distance;
— load handling device (fork arms or attachment fitted);
— stabilizing devices.

Note 2 to entry: This actual capacity defines the load handling ability of the particular truck as equipped.

Additional actual capacity ratings with removable attachments may also be established where permitted by the

appropriate stability test or by calculation verified by empirical data.
3.5
rated capacity

maximum load permitted by the manufacturer at the standard load centre distance (D) that the truck is

capable of lifting and transporting on fork arms in normal conditions with the boom fully retracted

3.6
reach

distance between two vertical parallel planes, one plane tangent to the front of the outside diameter of

the front tyres, the other plane described by the vertical projection of the centre-of-gravity of the load

to the ground
Note 1 to entry: The centre-of-gravity of the load (G) is defined in Table 1.
Note 2 to entry: See Figure 2 for examples of reach.

Note 3 to entry: For practical matters, d can be measured referring to point g, being g the vertical projection of

the centre-of-gravity (G) of the load onto the plane of the top surface of the fork arms.

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SIST EN 1459-1:2018+A1:2020
EN 1459-1:2017+A1:2020 (E)
Key
d reach
D standard load centre distance
G centre of gravity of the load

g the vertical projection of the centre-of-gravity (G) of the load onto the plane of the top surface of the fork

arms
H height of the load
Q actual capacity
Q1 rated capacity
Q2 actual capacity at maximum height or elevation
Q3 actual capacity at maximum reach

Figure 2 — Parameters for the designation of the actual capacity of the truck with fork

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SIST EN 1459-1:2018+A1:2020
EN 1459-1:2017+A1:2020 (E)
3.7
lift height
vertical distance between the upper face of the fork arms and the ground
Note 1 to entry: See Figure 2.
3.8
standard load centre distance

distance from the centre of gravity (G) of the load measured horizontally back to the front of the fork

shanks and vertically down to the upper faces of the fork arms, as specified in Table 1

...

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