This document specifies the requirements and test procedures for 360° visibility of self-propelled industrial order-picking, lateral- and front-stacking trucks with elevating operator position in accordance with ISO 5053-1 (herein after referred to as trucks), without a load and it is intended to be used in conjunction with EN 16842-1.
The visibility of trucks driving in very narrow aisles and/or driving with elevated operator (above 500 mm) is not within the scope of this standard.
Where specific requirements in this part are modified from the general requirements in EN 16842-1, the requirements of this part are truck specific and to be used for self-propelled industrial order-picking, lateral- and front-stacking trucks with elevating operator position.
This part of EN 16842 deals with all significant hazards, hazardous situations or hazardous events relevant to the visibility of the operator for applicable machines when used as intended and under conditions of misuse which are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer.

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This European Standard specifies the safety requirements of self-propelled variable-reach rough-terrain trucks (hereafter referred to as trucks), intended to handle loads, equipped with a telescopic lifting means (pivoted boom), on which a load handling device (e.g. carriage and fork arms) is fitted.
For the purpose of this standard, rough-terrain variable-reach trucks are designed to transport, lift and place loads and can be driven on unimproved terrain.
Fork arms are considered to be part of the truck. Trucks can also be equipped with a variety of attachments (e.g. bale spikes, mowers, sweepers).
This European Standard deals with all the significant hazards, hazardous situations and events relevant to the trucks when they are used as intended and under conditions of misuse which are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer (see Annex A).
This European Standard does not apply to:
-   slewing variable reach rough terrain trucks covered by EN 1459-2;
-   industrial variable reach trucks covered by EN ISO 3691-2;
-   lorry-mounted variable reach trucks;
-   variable reach trucks fitted with tilting or elevating operator position;
-   mobile cranes covered by EN 13000;
-   machines designed primarily for earth moving, even if their buckets and blades are replaced with forks (see EN 474 series);
-   trucks designed primarily with variable length load suspension elements (e.g. chain, ropes) from which the load may swing freely in all directions;
-   trucks fitted with personnel/work platforms, designed to move persons to elevated working positions;
-   trucks designed primarily for container handling;
-   trucks on tracks;
-   trucks with articulated chassis;
-   attachments (covered by prEN 1459-5).
This European Standard does not address hazards linked to:
-   hybrid power systems;
-   gas power system;
-   gasoline engine system;
-   battery power system;
-   tractor specific devices (e.g. PTO).
This European Standard does not address hazards which may occur:
a)   when handling suspended loads which may swing freely (additional requirements are given in prEN 1459-4 (in preparation));
b)   when using trucks on public roads;
c)   when operating in potentially explosive atmospheres;
d)   when operating underground;
e)   when towing trailers;
f)   when fitted with a personnel work platform (additional requirements are given in EN 1459-3);
g)   when using cruise-control.
This European Standard does not provide a method of calculation for fatigue and strength of material.
This document is not applicable to trucks manufactured before the date of its publication.

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This document specifies the tests for the verification of restraint systems against the risk of lateral ejection of the operator for:
-   counterbalanced lift trucks with centre control, sit down and non-elevating operator position (see EN ISO 3691 1:2015, 4.7.8), with a rated capacity up to and including 10 000 kg;
-   tractors as defined in EN 12312 15 (airport ground equipment);
-   burden carriers (as defined in ISO 5053-1:2015, 3.25) with a maximum speed of more than 25 km/h with seated operator;
-   other types of industrial trucks equipped with such a restraint system.
Counterblanced lift trucks, tractors and burden carriers are named hereafter as trucks.
Note 1   Industrial tractors as defined in ISO 5053-1 do not need a restraint system in general.
This document describes type tests for a specific combination of truck and restraint system.
This standard does not cover:
-   the risk due to frontal ejection;
-   the monitoring of the protective position of the operator restraint system as defined in prEN 16307 1:2018, 4.16;
-   the testing of seat belts.
Note 2   The testing of sealt belts is covered by ISO 24135 1.
The document is not applicable for the retrofit of trucks with restraint systems.
This document does not give any requirements on the need for a restraint system.

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This part of EN 16796 specifies the methods of energy consumption measurement for stacking high-lift straddle carrier (hereafter referred to as straddle carrier), as defined in ISO 5053 1:2015, 3.19.

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This European Standard is applicable to industrial trucks, regardless of the power source (called only trucks) as defined in ISO/DIS 5053 1, and their electrical/electronic systems when used in residential, commercial, light industry and industrial environments (specified in EN 61000-6-3:2007 and EN 61000-6-2:2005).
This European Standard specifies:
-   the requirements and the limit values for electromagnetic emission and immunity to external electromagnetic fields;
-   the procedure and criteria for testing trucks and their electrical/electronic systems.
This European Standard is not applicable to:
-   non-stacking low-lift straddle carriers;
-   stacking high-lift straddle carriers;
-   any pedestrian propelled trucks, excepted those which are equipped with load handling devices which have electrical powered lifting devices;
-   trucks intended for use in the public domain ) with maximum speed exceeding 30 km/h;
-   positioning system of driverless industrial trucks;
-   interaction between systems on the trucks;
-   interference to on-board radio equipment;
-   equipment connected to AC-mains which is only used when the truck is not being operated (e.g. on board charger).

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This document specifies the method of fuel consumption measurement for rough-terrain variable-reach trucks as defined in ISO 5053-1, hereinafter referred to as trucks. It does not apply to slewing trucks having a movement of more than 5° either side of the longitudinal axis.
This part is intended to be used in conjunction with EN 16796-1. Where the requirements of this part differ from that in part 1, requirements in this part 4 will take precedence.

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This document specifies the requirements and test procedures for 360° visibility of sit on self-propelled industrial variable-reach trucks (herein after referred to as trucks) without a load, with a capacity up to and including 10 000 kg in accordance with ISO 5053 1 and it is intended be used in conjunction with EN 16842-1.
Where specific requirements in this part are modified from the general requirements in EN 16842-1, the requirements of this part are truck specific and to be used for sit-on self-propelled industrial variable-reach trucks with a capacity up to and including 10 000 kg.
This part of EN 16842 deals with all significant hazards, hazardous situations or hazardous events, relevant to the visibility of the operator for applicable machines when used as intended and under conditions of misuse which are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer.
This document does not apply to rough-terrain variable-reach trucks (see EN 15830).

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This document specifies the requirements and test procedures for 360° visibility of self-propelled industrial order-picking, lateral- and front-stacking trucks with elevating operator position in accordance with ISO 5053-1 (herein after referred to as trucks), without a load and it is intended to be used in conjunction with EN 16842-1.
The visibility of trucks driving in very narrow aisles and/or driving with elevated operator (above 500 mm) is not within the scope of this standard.
Where specific requirements in this part are modified from the general requirements in EN 16842-1, the requirements of this part are truck specific and to be used for self-propelled industrial order-picking, lateral- and front-stacking trucks with elevating operator position.
This part of EN 16842 deals with all significant hazards, hazardous situations or hazardous events relevant to the visibility of the operator for applicable machines when used as intended and under conditions of misuse which are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer.

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This document specifies the requirements and test procedures for 360° visibility of reach trucks with a sit-on or stand-on operator (herein after referred to as trucks), without a load with a capacity up to and including 10 000 kg in accordance with ISO 5053-1 and it is intended to be used in conjunction with EN 16842-1.
Where specific requirements in this part are modified from the general requirements in EN 16842-1, the requirements of this part are truck specific and to be used for reach trucks with a sit-on or stand-on operator with a capacity ≤ 10 000 kg.
This part of EN 16842 deals with all significant hazards, hazardous situations or hazardous events, relevant to the visibility of the operator for applicable machines when used as intended and under conditions of misuse which are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer.

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This document specifies the requirements and test procedures for 360° visibility of sit-on self-propelled industrial counterbalance trucks and rough terrain masted trucks (herein after referred to as trucks) without a load, with a capacity greater than 10 000 kg in accordance with ISO 5053 1 and it is intended to be used in conjunction with EN 16842-1.
Where specific requirements in this part are modified from the general requirements in EN 16842-1, the requirements of this part are truck specific and to be used for sit-on self-propelled industrial counterbalance trucks and rough terrain masted trucks with a capacity greater than 10 000 kg.
This part of EN 16842 deals with all significant hazards, hazardous situations or hazardous events, relevant to the visibility of the operator for applicable machines when used as intended and under conditions of misuse which are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer.

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This document specifies the requirements and test procedures for 360° visibility of sit-on self-propelled variable-reach trucks and masted container trucks (herein after referred to as trucks) without a load, specifically designed for the transport of freight containers of 6 m (20 ft) length and longer, in accordance with ISO 5053 1, equipped with a spreader and it is intended to be used in conjunction with EN 16842-1.
Where specific requirements in this part are modified from the general requirements in EN 16842-1, the requirements of this part are truck specific and to be used for sit-on self-propelled variable-reach trucks and masted trucks designed for transport of freight containers of 6 m (20 ft) length and longer.
This part of EN 16842 deals with all significant hazards, hazardous situations or hazardous events, relevant to the visibility of the operator for applicable machines when used as intended and under conditions of misuse which are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer.
This standard does not apply to trucks equipped with forks.

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This European Standard specifies the general safety requirements of slewing variable-reach rough-terrain trucks (here-after referred to as trucks), consisting of a lower chassis with a slewing upper structure equipped with a telescopic lifting means (pivoted boom), on which a load handling device (e.g. carriage and fork arms) is typically fitted.
Fork arms are covered by this European Standard and considered to be parts of the truck.
This European Standard deals with all significant hazards, hazardous situations and events relevant to the trucks when they are used as intended and under conditions of misuse which are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer (see Annex A) with the exception of hazards listed in 1.3 and 1.4.
This European Standard does not apply to:
-   variable-reach rough terrain trucks covered by prEN 1459-1 (non-slewing);
-   industrial variable-reach trucks covered by prEN ISO 3691 2;
-   lorry-mounted variable-reach trucks;
-   variable reach trucks fitted with tilting or elevating operator position;
-   mobile cranes covered by EN 13000;
-   machines designed primarily for earth moving, such as loaders and dozers, even if their buckets and blades are replaced with forks (see EN 474 series);
-   trucks designed primarily with variable length load suspension elements (e.g., chain, ropes) from which the load may swing freely in all directions;
-   trucks designed primarily for container handling;
-   trucks on tracks;
-   attachments (prEN 1459-5).
This European Standard does not address hazards linked to:
-   hybrid power systems;
-   gas power system;
-   trucks equipped with gasoline engine;
-   battery power system;
-   tractor specific devices (e.g. PTO).
This European Standard does not address hazards which may occur when:
a)   handling suspended loads which may swing freely (additional requirements are given in prEN 1459-4);
b)   using trucks on public roads;
c)   operating in potentially explosive atmospheres;
d)   operating underground;
e)   when towing trailers;
f)   fitted with a personnel work platform (additional requirements are given in EN 1459-3).

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ISO 24134:2006 specifies the safety requirements for controls and control systems for the following automated functions of industrial trucks: steering (excluding direct mechanical guidance); travel; lifting and lowering operations; load manipulations, e.g. rotation, reach, slewing, tilting, clamping; combination and/or sequence of these movements.
ISO 24134:2006 is intended for use in conjunction with one or more of the applicable parts of ISO 3691. It is not applicable to, and does not include, requirements for the following: safety equipment (e.g. devices for height limitation, speed limitation) used to override driver control; operation in severe conditions (e.g. extreme climates, freezer applications, strong magnetic fields); operation in environments subject to special rules (e.g. potentially explosive atmospheres); electromagnetic compatibility; transportation of passengers; handling of loads, the nature of which could lead to dangerous situations (e.g. molten metals, acids/bases, radiating materials).
Limitations in the scopes of the applicable parts of ISO 3691 also apply to ISO 24134:2006.

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This document specifies requirements related to permanent mounted equipment for rough-terrain variable-reach tractors (here-after referred to as “RTVR tractors”) and additional requirements for the combination.
This document does not apply to:
- machines designed primarily for earth moving, even if their buckets and blades are replaced with forks (see EN 474 series);
- attachments.
This document does not address hazards which may occur
a) when handling suspended loads which may swing freely;
b) when using RTVR tractors on public roads;
c) when operating in potentially explosive atmospheres;
d) when operating underground;
e) when towing trailers;
f) when fitted with a personnel work platform (additional requirements are given in EN 1459-3);
g) when using cruise-control.
This document does not provide a method of calculation for fatigue and strength of material.
This document is not applicable to RTVR tractors manufactured before the date of its publication.

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This part of the EN 16842 series gives the common test requirements for powered industrial truck visibility testing and is intended to be used in conjunction with EN 16842 parts 2 to 17.
The EN 16842 series specify requirements and test procedures of all around visibility of self-propelled industrial trucks (herein after referred to as trucks) in accordance with ISO 5053 1 with a sit-on or stand-on operator, without load, and equipped with fork arms or load platform.
The truck specific requirements in EN 16842 parts 2 to 17 supplement or modify the corresponding clauses of this part EN 16842-1 and provide the relevant requirements for the specific truck.
The visibility test requirements of the applicable part of EN 16842 for each truck type are used to fulfil the visibility requirements of the EN 16307 series.
This European Standard does not apply to:
-   industrial, rough terrain variable reach or rough terrain masted lorry mounted trucks;
-    trucks with elevating operator position, when the operating position is elevated above 500 mm;
-   rough terrain variable reach trucks – within the scope of EN 15830;
-   centre controlled order picking trucks (in accordance with 3.16 of ISO 5053 1:2015);
-   pallet truck end controlled (in accordance with 3.15 of ISO 5053 1:2015).
NOTE 1   The following trucks in normal operation have excellent 360° visibility and therefore will not be part of this series of standards:
-   ride on pallet truck;
-   pedestrian controlled pallet truck.
NOTE 2   For trucks equipped with attachments (e.g. clamp), see Clause 9 "Information for use".

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This European Standard specifies the requirements and test procedures for 360° visibility of sit-on self-propelled industrial counterbalance trucks and rough terrain masted trucks (herein referred to as trucks) with a capacity ≤ 10 000 kg in accordance with ISO 5053 1 and it is intended to be used in conjunction with FprEN 16842-1.
Where specific requirements in this part are modified from the general requirements in FprEN 16842-1, the requirements of this part are truck specific and to be used for sit-on self-propelled industrial counterbalance trucks and rough terrain masted trucks with a capacity ≤ 10 000 kg.
This part of EN 16842 deals with all significant hazards, hazardous situations or hazardous events relevant to the visibility of the operator for applicable machines when used as intended and under conditions of misuse which are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer.

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ISO 3691-3:2016 gives safety requirements and the means for their verification, additional to those of ISO 3691‑1, for industrial trucks with a vertical, non-tilting mast:
a) those trucks having an elevating operator position, and order‑picking trucks, as defined in ISO 5053‑1, where the elevating operator position and the load‑handling device lifts to a height of more than 1 200 mm above ground level;
b) lateral- and front-stacking trucks, as defined in ISO 5053‑1, designed to travel with a load-handling device elevated more than 1 200 mm above ground level, with the load-handling device elevated, lowered or laterally displaced, laden or unladen, while the truck is travelling.
These trucks are designed to travel indoors on a smooth, level surface (e.g. concrete) and can be guided, unguided, or both, when in use; they are not intended to tow or push.
ISO 3691-3:2016 is not applicable to stacker trucks which handle two loads, one on the forks and the other on the support arms, this type of truck being covered by ISO 3691‑1.
It is not applicable to trucks with an elevating operator position up to and including 1 200 mm, or to trucks specifically designed to travel with an elevated load having a fork height up to and including 1 200 mm above ground level.
It is not applicable to low-level order pickers with elevating operator's position up to and including 1 200 mm lift height which can be equipped with an additional load lifting device having a maximum lift height of 1 800 mm from ground level.
ISO 3691-3:2016 deals with all significant hazards, hazardous situations, or hazardous events, as listed in Annex A, relevant to the applicable machines when used as intended and under conditions of misuse which are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer.
It does not establish requirements for hazards that can occur when using trucks on public roads or when operating in potentially explosive atmospheres.
Regional requirements, additional to the requirements given in this part of ISO 3691, are addressed in ISO/TS 3691‑7 and ISO/TS 3691‑8.

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This European Standard specifies the method of energy consumption measurement for container handling lift trucks, as defined in ISO 5053 1.
This part is intended to be used in conjunction with EN 16796 1.

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This European Standard specifies the method of energy consumption measurement for the following types of industrial trucks as defined in ISO 5053 1:
-   counterbalance lift truck;
-   articulated counterbalance lift truck;
-   lorry-mounted truck;
-   reach truck (with retractable mast or fork arm carriage);
-   straddle truck;
-   pallet-stacking truck,
-   pallet truck;
-   platform and stillage truck;
-   pallet truck end controlled;
-   order-picking truck;
-   centre-controlled order-picking truck;
-   towing, pushing tractor and  burden carrier;
-   towing and stacking tractor;
-   side-loading truck (one side only);
-   lateral-stacking truck (both sides);
-   lateral-stacking truck (three sides);
-   non-stacking low-lift straddle carrier;
-   multi-directional lift truck.
This part is intended to be used in conjunction with EN 16796 1.

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ISO 3691-2:2016 gives safety requirements and the means for their verification for self-propelled industrial variable-reach trucks and variable-reach container handlers/reach stackers as defined in ISO 5053‑1 (hereafter referred to as trucks), equipped with forks or integral load-handling devices for normal industrial duties (e.g. fork arms or means, such as spreaders, for handling containers).
It is not applicable to
- rough-terrain variable-reach trucks,
- rough-terrain variable-reach trucks for handling containers,
- machines designed primarily for earth-moving (e.g. loaders and dozers), even when their buckets and blades are replaced with forks,
- machines from which the load can swing freely in all directions.
For the purposes of this part of ISO 3691, fork arms and integrated attachments are considered to be a part of the truck, whereas attachments/equipment mounted on the load carrier or on the fork arms which are removable by the user are not. Nevertheless, requirements for such attachments are also given by the document.
Any regional requirements additional to the provisions of this part of ISO 3691 are addressed in ISO/TS 3691‑7 and ISO/TS 3691‑8.
ISO 3691-2:2016 deals with all significant hazards, hazardous situations or hazardous events, as listed in Annex B, with the exception of the following, relevant to the applicable machines when used as intended and under conditions of misuse which are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer.
It does not establish requirements for hazards that can occur
- during construction,
- when using trucks on public roads,
- when operating in potentially explosive atmospheres, or
- when lifting persons.

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This European Standard specifies general test criteria and requirements to measure the energy consumption for self-propelled industrial trucks (hereafter referred to as trucks) during operation. For electric trucks, the efficiency of the battery and the battery charger is included.
This part of the EN 16796 series is intended to be used in conjunction with the corresponding EN 16796-2 to -5.
The truck specific requirements in EN 16796-2 to -5 take precedence over the respective requirements of EN 16796 1.
Of the product life cycle, EN 16796 is applicable to the in-use phase.
It applies to the following truck types according to ISO 5053 1:
-   counterbalance lift truck;
-   articulated counterbalance lift truck;
-   lorry-mounted truck;
-   reach truck (with retractable mast or fork arm carriage);
-   straddle truck;
-   pallet-stacking truck;
-   pallet truck;
-   platform and stillage truck;
-   pallet truck end controlled;
-   order-picking truck;
-   centre-controlled order-picking truck;
-   towing, pushing tractor and  burden carrier;
-   towing and stacking tractor;
-   side-loading truck (one side only);
-   rough-terrain truck;
-   rough-terrain variable-reach truck;
-   slewing rough-terrain variable-reach truck;
-   variable-reach container handler;
-   counterbalance container handler;
-   lateral-stacking truck (both sides);
-   lateral-stacking truck (three sides);
-   non-stacking low-lift straddle carrier;
-   multi-directional lift truck.

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ISO 3691-2:2016 gives safety requirements and the means for their verification for self-propelled industrial variable-reach trucks and variable-reach container handlers/reach stackers as defined in ISO 5053‑1 (hereafter referred to as trucks), equipped with forks or integral load-handling devices for normal industrial duties (e.g. fork arms or means, such as spreaders, for handling containers).
It is not applicable to
- rough-terrain variable-reach trucks,
- rough-terrain variable-reach trucks for handling containers,
- machines designed primarily for earth-moving (e.g. loaders and dozers), even when their buckets and blades are replaced with forks,
- machines from which the load can swing freely in all directions.
For the purposes of this part of ISO 3691, fork arms and integrated attachments are considered to be a part of the truck, whereas attachments/equipment mounted on the load carrier or on the fork arms which are removable by the user are not. Nevertheless, requirements for such attachments are also given by the document.
Any regional requirements additional to the provisions of this part of ISO 3691 are addressed in ISO/TS 3691‑7 and ISO/TS 3691‑8.
ISO 3691-2:2016 deals with all significant hazards, hazardous situations or hazardous events, as listed in Annex B, with the exception of the following, relevant to the applicable machines when used as intended and under conditions of misuse which are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer.
It does not establish requirements for hazards that can occur
- during construction,
- when using trucks on public roads,
- when operating in potentially explosive atmospheres, or
- when lifting persons.

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This European Standard applies to self-propelled and pedestrian propelled manual and semi-manual industrial trucks as defined in ISO 5053 1 including their load handling devices and attachments (hereafter referred to as trucks) intended for use in potentially explosive atmospheres.
NOTE 1   Attachments mounted on the load carrier or on fork arms which are removable by the user are not considered to be a part of the truck.
This European Standard specifies supplementary technical requirements for the prevention of the ignition of an explosive atmosphere of flammable gases, vapours, mists or dusts by industrial trucks of equipment group II and equipment category 2G, 3G, 2D or 3D.
NOTE 2   The relationship between an equipment category (hereafter referred to as category) and the corresponding zone (area classification) is shown in informative Annex B.
This European Standard does not include:
-   trucks of equipment group I;
-   trucks of equipment group II, equipment category 1;
-   trucks intended for use in potentially explosive atmospheres with hybrid mixtures;
-   protective systems.
This European Standard is not applicable to trucks intended for use in potentially explosive atmospheres of carbon disulphide (CS2), carbon monoxide (CO) and/or ethylene oxide (C2H4O) due to the special properties of these gases.
This standard is applicable to trucks intended for use in atmospheres with an ambient temperature range of   20 °C to +40 °C, i.e. trucks built in accordance with this European Standard will be satisfactory to any service conditions within this range unless otherwise specified.
NOTE 3   The ambient temperature range -20 °C to +40 °C is in line with EN ISO 3691 1.

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This part of ISO 3691 gives safety requirements and the means for their verification for the following
types of pedestrian-propelled trucks (hereafter referred to as trucks), equipped with load-handling
devices for normal industrial duties, e.g. fork arms and platforms, or integrated attachments for special
applications:
— pedestrian-propelled straddle stackers,
— pallet stackers,
— industrial trucks with capacities not exceeding 1 000 kg with manual or electrical battery-powered
lifting,
— low-lift pallet trucks with lift height up to 300 mm and rated capacity up to 2 300 kg,
— scissor-lift pallet trucks with lift heights up to 1 000 mm or rated capacity up to 1 000 kg with
manual or electrical battery-powered lifting.
It is applicable to trucks provided with either manual or electrical battery-powered lifting, operating on
smooth, level, hard surfaces.
NOTE On-board battery chargers are considered to be part of the truck. Attachments mounted on the loadcarrier
or on the fork arms which are removable by the user are not considered to be part of the truck.
This part of ISO 3691 deals with significant hazards, hazardous situations and events relevant to the
applicable machines when used as intended and under conditions of misuse which are reasonably
foreseeable by the manufacturer (see Annex C).
It does not establish the additional requirements for
a) climatic conditions,
b) operation in severe conditions (e.g. extreme environmental conditions such as freezer applications,
high temperatures, corrosive environments, strong magnetic fields),
c) electromagnetic compatibility (emission/immunity),
d) handling of loads the nature of which could lead to dangerous situations (e.g. molten metal,
acids/alkalis, radiating materials, especially brittle loads),
e) handling suspended loads which may swing freely handling,
f) use on public roads,
g) direct contact with foodstuffs,
h) operation on gradients or on surfaces other than smooth, level, hard surfaces,
i) lifting systems using belts,
j) lifting of persons,
k) trucks with overturning moment greater than 40 000 N·m,
l) scissor-lift trucks whose lifting is powered by external means (electric, pneumatic),
m) roll containers,
n) trucks that are intended to be towed by powered vehicles,
o) trucks designed for special applications (e.g. hospitals, restaurant trolleys),
p) winch-operated trucks,
q) mobile lifting tables.
Hazards relevant to noise, vibration and visibility are not significant and are not dealt with in this part
of ISO 3691.
Regional requirements, additional to those given in this part of ISO 3691, are addressed in ISO/TS 3691-7.

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This Technical Report describes the risk assessment methodology followed to determine the Performance Level required (PLr), as defined in EN ISO 13849-1:2008, for specific safety related parts of control system (SRP/CS) of rough-terrain variable-reach trucks covered by prEN 1459-1, EN 1459-2 and EN 1459-3.
This Technical Report does not apply to SRP/CS that includes no electrical/electronic components.
NOTE   It is the intention of CEN TC150 WG2 to use the same methodology to develop future standards (e.g. further parts of EN 1459).

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ISO 3691-1:2011 gives safety requirements and the means for their verification for the following types of self-propelled industrial trucks, as defined in ISO 5053: industrial counterbalanced trucks; reach trucks with retractable mast or retractable fork arm carriage; straddle trucks; pallet-stacking trucks; high-lift platform trucks; trucks with elevating operator position up to 1 200 mm; side-loading trucks (one side only); lateral-stacking trucks (both sides), and lateral- and front-stacking trucks; pallet trucks; bidirectional and multidirectional trucks; tractors with a drawbar pull up to and including 20 000 N; rough-terrain, counterbalanced trucks; industrial trucks powered by battery, diesel, gasoline or LPG (liquefied petroleum gas).

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This European Standard specifies the additional safety requirements for trucks covered by
-   EN 1459-1: Rough-terrain variable reach trucks
-   EN 1459-2: Rough-terrain rotating trucks
-   EN ISO 3691-2: Industrial variable reach trucks
when these trucks are equipped with elevating work platform.
This European Standard does not address hazards which may occur:
a)   during manufacture;
b)   when handling suspended work platforms which may swing freely;
c)   when using trucks on public roads;
d)   when operating in potentially explosive atmospheres;
e)   when operating underground.

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This European Standard specifies dynamic tests for the verification of lateral stability for counterbalanced lift trucks according to EN ISO 3691 1 that have a centre control, sit down, non-elevating operator, with a rated capacity up to and including 5 000 kg when travelling on smooth level ground with the forks in travelling position. The standard is not applicable for Rough Terrain forklift trucks.
NOTE 1   Experience shows that counterbalanced lift trucks with a rated capacity over 5 000 kg are not significantly affected by lateral instability.
The requirements are specific to the various drive systems (e.g. Electric-/Internal-Combustion-Engine trucks), taking account of their varying influence on dynamic stability performance.
This European Standard does not cover the risk of a lateral tip over associated with driving backwards.
NOTE 2   Research has shown that driving backwards in typical working operations, such as unloading of a lorry, does not cause lateral instability. For this reason, only driving forward needs to be tested.
Risks due to falling off a loading dock or turning on a ramp are not covered by this European Standard.
Risks due to lifting or manoeuvring operations are covered by the respective stability tests.

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This European Standard gives requirements for the types of industrial trucks specified in the scope of EN ISO 3691-6:2013.
This European Standard is intended to be used in conjunction with EN ISO 3691-6:2013. These requirements are supplementary to those stated in EN ISO 3691-6:2013 with the addition of following hazards:
-   Noise emissions
-   Vibration
-   Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC)
-   When operating in potentially explosive atmospheres
This European Standard replaces the following requirements of EN ISO 3691-6:2013:
-   Electrical requirements
This European Standard defines supplementary requirements to EN ISO 3691-6:2013:
-   Brakes
-   Operator's seat
-   Protection from burning
-   Protection against crushing, shearing and trapping
-   Visibility
-   Information for use (instruction handbook and marking)
Annex A (informative) contains the list of significant hazards covered by this European Standard.

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This European Standard gives requirements for the types of industrial trucks specified in the scope of EN ISO 3691-5.
This European Standard is intended to be used in conjunction with EN ISO 3691-5. These requirements are supplementary to those stated in EN ISO 3691-5 with the addition of the following hazards:
-   Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC);
-   When operating in potentially explosive atmospheres.
This European standard partially replaces the following requirements of EN ISO 3691-5:
-   Electrical requirements
This European standard defines supplementary requirements to EN ISO 3691-5:
-   Protection against crushing, shearing and trapping;
-   Information for use (instruction handbook and marking).
Annex A (informative) contains the list of significant hazards covered by this standard.

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This European Standard applies to rough-terrain variable reach trucks (herein-after referred to as ‘trucks’) that have a specific seated operator’s position, on the left hand side of the boom, or centre position (excluding operator position on the right side of the boom).
This European Standard specifies a static test method for determining and evaluating the operator’s visibility on a rectangular 1 m boundary close around the rough-terrain variable reach truck and on a 12 m visibility test circle. Performance requirements for visibility are specified in this standard.
This European Standard does not apply to rough-terrain variable reach trucks designed to handle freight containers (rough-terrain reach stackers).
It applies to trucks for operation on work sites.

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This European Standard specifies the technical requirements, verification and test procedure for the longitudinal load moment indicators (LLMI) and longitudinal load moment control (LLMC) systems operating in the forward direction for self propelled variable reach trucks covered by EN 1459.
This European Standard completes the requirements of Clause 5.8.4 Longitudinal stability of EN 1459:1998.
The LLMI has been designated by the words longitudinal safety warning devices in EN 1459.
This European Standard covers LLMI and LLMC systems for stationary trucks performing loading or placing functions on consolidated, stable and level ground.
This European Standard does not cover the risk due to lateral instability, or instability due to the travelling of the truck. The LLMI and LLMC are not intended for warning of the overturning risk whilst the truck is travelling.
NOTE    Acknowledging that, at the time of publication, the requirements included in this European Standard do not represent the state of the art, a transition period of 24 months is permitted after the date of publication, such that manufacturers can develop their products sufficiently to meet the requirements of this European Standard.

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This noise measurement standard gives methods for determining the sound pressure level at the operator's position and the sound power level of industrial and rough terrain trucks.
This European standard is a type test applicable to all industrial trucks listed in table A1.
The test results obtained in accordance with this standard are also applicable to the evaluation of the hazard generated by noise from industrial trucks.

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This European Standard is a type test procedure for establishing the values of vibration emission
transmitted to the whole body of operators of industrial trucks under specified conditions. It is not
applicable to hand-arm vibration.
This standard is applicable to powered industrial trucks listed in ISO 5053:1987. The annex A is
applicable for "all-terrain" trucks. It also applies to other powered industrial trucks not covered by
ISO 5053:1987, e.g. variable-reach trucks and "low-lift" "order picking" trucks, etc.
NOTE The standard may however be useful also for existing trucks.
This standard is not applicable to non-stacking "low-lift" straddle carriers (as specified in 3.1.3.2.3 of
ISO 5053:1987) and stacking "high-lift" straddle carriers (as specified in 3.1.3.1.11 of ISO 5053:1987).
The test results, however, are not applicable to the determination of whole-body vibration exposure.

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This document specifies the electrical requirements for the design and construction of the electrical installation in self-propelled industrial trucks that are within the scope of ISO 5053-1, except variable reach trucks as defined in ISO 5053-1:2015, 3.21 and 3.22, straddle carriers as defined in ISO 5053-1:2015, 3.18 and 3.19, and specific functions, parts and/or systems utilized for the automatic operation of driverless industrial trucks as defined in ISO 5053-1:2015, 3.32. It provides the electrical/electronic and safety-related parts of control system requirements for those self-propelled industrial trucks identified above to complete the requirements in the relevant part of the EN ISO 3691 and EN 16307 series of documents.
NOTE 1   Reference is made to this document in other standards which cover the non-electrical requirements of the various industrial truck types.
The requirements of this document are valid when trucks are operated under the following climatic conditions:
-   defined in the applicable parts of the EN ISO 3691 series and the EN 16307 series;
-   relative humidity in the range 30 % to 95 % (not condensing).
This document deals with safety requirements for all electrical and electronic components of industrial trucks, including electrically actuated hydraulic/pneumatic valves. It specifies minimum performance levels required for safety functions realized by safety related parts of control systems. It is intended to be used to avoid or minimize hazards or hazardous situations listed in Annex I. These situations can arise during the operation in the area of use for which it is designed and during maintenance of trucks in accordance with the specifications and instruction given by the manufacturer.
This document does not deal with hazards which could occur:
a)   during construction;
b)   when operating in potentially explosive atmospheres;
c)   because of malfunction of non-electric safety-related parts of control systems, e.g. hydraulic and pneumatic elements like pistons, non-electric valves, pumps etc.
NOTE 2   The level of the defined required performance for electrical safety related control systems can be used as a guideline to determine the performance of non-electric systems.
NOTE 3   Hazards due to penetration of water and dust are covered by the definition of PLr of safety functions, according to EN ISO 13849-1:2015.

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2020-05-07 JF: through decision BT C079/2020, taken on 2020-05-06, the CEN/BT approved the revised Annex ZA. Standard under publication.
2020-03-03 JF: CCMC is preparing a BT document on the revised Annex ZA for the BT approval.
positive PUB assessment of the revised Annex ZA
2020-01-23 TC provided revised Annex ZA -> to be submitted for HAS assessment
2020-01-22 JF:EC confirmed the template for Annex ZA
2019-11-06 JF: there is a need to review Annex ZA before publication. the machinery sector is claryfing the Annex ZA for this kind of standards (global relevance). Expected to be clarified by ca end November 2019.
2019-04-17: WI started as prA2 and changed to prA1 to follow ISO.
2019-03-14: JF CEN asked for review of the assessment in November 2018 and it is still missing

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This document specifies the requirements and test procedures for 360° visibility of sit-on and stand-on self-propelled
-   towing and pushing tractors in accordance with 3.1 and 3.2 of ISO 5053 1:2015 without load and without trailer;
-   burden carrier in accordance with ISO 5053 1:2015, 3.25 without load; and
-   baggage and equipment tractors with driver's accommodation in accordance with EN 12312 15, without load and without trailer
(herein after referred to as trucks) and is intended to be used in conjunction with EN 16842 1.
Where specific requirements in this part are modified from the general requirements in EN 16842 1, the requirements of this part are truck specific and are used for sit-on and stand-on self-propelled Towing and Pushing tractors and Burden carrier.
This part of EN 16842 deals with all significant hazards, hazardous situations or hazardous events relevant to the visibility of the operator for applicable machines when used as intended and under conditions of misuse which are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer.
This document does not apply to personnel carrier in accordance with ISO 5053 1:2015, 3.25.

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This document specifies requirements for the truck side of the attachment interface of rough-terrain non-slewing and slewing variable reach trucks (hereafter referred to as "trucks") dealt with in EN 1459-1:2017+A1:2020, EN 1459-2:2015+A1:2018 and EN 1459-4:2020.
This document covers the interface for the attachments fitted to the telescopic boom carriage or mounted on the forks when it is used as intended and under conditions of misuse which are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer. This document does not cover:
- interface for interchangeable equipment designed for lifting person(s) (covered by EN 1459-3:2015);
- interface for equipment for container handling (e.g. spreader);
- interface for equipment permanently installed on the machine and not intended to be removed by the user.
NOTE In this case, equipment becomes part of the truck.
This document does not give requirements for the completed assembly of a truck fitted with an attachment. This document does not address risks to parts of the truck other than the interface with the attachment.
This document is not applicable to interfaces manufactured before the date of its publication.

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This document specifies the safety requirements and means of verification in addition to EN 1459-1:2017+A1:2020 and EN 1459-2:2015+A1:2018 as applicable, for rough-terrain variable-reach trucks (hereafter referred to as trucks) designed and intended for handling suspended loads which can swing freely in one or more directions. It is applicable to trucks covered by EN 1459-1:2017+A1:2020 and EN 1459-2:2015+A1:2018.
This document does not apply to:
- the lifting of suspended loads which by design of the load or the lifting attachments does not allow the load to swing freely in any direction;
- the handling of flexible intermediate bulk containers, as defined in ISO 21898:2004, carried under the forks of the truck or with attachments intended for this purpose;
- any attachments / means used for lifting personnel;
- lifting accessories;
- freight container handling trucks;
- mobile cranes (covered by EN 13000:2010+A1:2014).
This document deals with all significant hazards, hazardous situations or hazardous events, related to trucks handling a freely suspended load, when they are used as intended and under conditions of misuse which are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer (see Annex A).
This document does not deal with load limiter for attachments.
This document is not applicable to rough-terrain variable-reach trucks designed and intended for handling suspended loads manufactured before the date of its publication.

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This document specifies the requirements and test procedures for 360° visibility of sit on self-propelled industrial variable-reach trucks (herein after referred to as trucks) without a load, with a capacity greater than 10 000 kg in accordance with ISO 5053-1. It is intended be used in conjunction with EN 16842 1.
Where specific requirements in this part are modified from the general requirements in EN 16842-1, the requirements of this part are truck specific and to be used for sit-on self-propelled industrial variable-reach trucks with a capacity greater than 10 000 kg.
This part of EN 16842 deals with all significant hazards, hazardous situations or hazardous events, relevant to the visibility of the operator for applicable machines when used as intended and under conditions of misuse which are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer.
This document does not deal with rough-terrain variable-reach trucks (see EN 15830).

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This document gives requirements for the types of industrial trucks specified in the scope of EN ISO 3691-1.
This document is intended to be used in conjunction with EN ISO 3691-1. These requirements are supplementary to those stated in EN ISO 3691-1 with the addition of hazards, which can occur when operating in potentially explosive atmospheres.
This document covers the following requirements:
-   electrical requirements;
-   noise emissions;
-   vibration;
-   visibility;
-   electromagnetic compatibility (EMC).
This Edocument defines supplementary requirements to EN ISO 3691-1:
-   travel speed;
-   brakes;
-   travel and breaking controls - Additional operation from alongside pedestrian-controlled and stand-on trucks;
-   lift chains;
-   mast tilt and carriage isolation;
-   operator's seat;
-   operator restraint device;
-   protection against crushing, shearing and trapping;
-   information for use (instruction handbook and marking).
Annex A (informative) contains the list of significant hazards covered by this document.

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This document specifies safety requirements and the means for their verification for driverless industrial trucks (hereafter referred to as trucks) and their systems.
Examples of driverless industrial trucks (trucks of ISO 5053-1) can also be known as: "automated guided vehicle", "autonomous mobile robot", "bots", "automated guided cart", "tunnel tugger", "under cart", etc.
This document also contains requirements for driverless industrial trucks which are provided with:
— automatic modes which either require operators' action(s) to initiate or enable such automatic operations;
— the capability to transport one or more riders (which are neither considered as drivers nor as operators);
— additional manual modes which allow operators to operate the truck manually; or
— a maintenance mode which allows manual operation of truck functions for maintenance reasons.
It is not applicable to trucks solely guided by mechanical means (rails, guides, etc.) or to remotely controlled trucks, which are not considered to be driverless trucks.
For the purposes of this document, a driverless industrial truck is a powered truck, which is designed to operate automatically. A driverless truck system comprises the control system, which can be part of the truck and/or separate from it, guidance means and power system. Requirements for power sources are not covered in this document.
The condition of the operating zone has a significant effect on the safe operation of the driverless industrial truck. The preparations of the operating zone to eliminate the associated hazards are specified in Annex A.
This document deals with all significant hazards, hazardous situations or hazardous events during all phases of the life of the truck (ISO 12100:2010, 5.4), as listed in Annex B, relevant to the applicable machines when it is used as intended and under conditions of misuse which are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer.
It does not give requirements for additional hazards that can occur:
— during operation in severe conditions (e.g. extreme climates, freezer applications, strong magnetic fields);
— during operation in nuclear environments;
— from trucks intended to operate in public zones (in particular ISO 13482);
— during operation on a public road;
— during operation in potentially explosive environments;
— during operation in military applications;
— during operation with specific hygienic requirements;
— during operation in ionizing radiation environments;
— during the transportation of (a) person(s) other than (the) intended rider(s);
— when handling loads the nature of which can lead to dangerous situations (e.g. molten metals, acids/bases, radiating materials);
— for rider positions with elevation function higher than 1 200 mm from the floor/ground to the platform floor.
This document does not contain safety requirements for trailer(s) being towed behind a truck.
This document does not contain safety requirements for elevated operator trucks.
This document is not applicable to trucks manufactured before the date of its publication.

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This document specifies the safety requirements for slewing rough-terrain variable-reach trucks and rough-terrain variable-reach trucks defined by ISO 5053-1 (hereafter referred to as trucks) and their work platforms having front guards that can be opened for removal of roof material (hereafter referred to as work platforms).
This document deals with the significant hazards, hazardous situations and events relevant to the combination of the truck and the integrated work platform when it is used as intended and under conditions of misuse which are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer. The significant hazards covered by this document are listed in Annex A.
NOTE 1 Duplicate controls for the slewing upper structure, the boom and the work platform movements can be also provided under specific circumstances at the operating position in the enclosed cab of the truck.
This document does not address hazards which can occur:
a) when using non-integrated work platforms or other attachments not designed for lifting persons;
b) when handling suspended work platforms which can swing freely;
c) when operating underground or in potentially explosive atmospheres;
d) when removing asbestos, regarding the possible release of fibres.
This document does not specify safety requirements for trucks equipped with work platforms intended for leaving and re-entering at height.
NOTE 2 National regulations for worksites can apply for asbestos removal to cover the risks related to the possible release of fibres.

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This standard applies to rough-terrain slewing variable-reach trucks (herein-after referred to as ‘trucks’) as defined in ISO 10896-2 that have a specific seated operator’s position, on the left hand side of the boom, or centre position (excluding operator position on the right side of the boom).
This standard specifies a static test method for determining and evaluating the operator’s visibility on a rectangular 1 m boundary close around the slewing rough-terrain variable-reach truck and on a 12 m visibility test circle. Performance requirements for visibility are specified in this standard.
It applies to trucks for operation on work sites.

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This document specifies the requirements and test procedures for 360° visibility of stand-on counterbalance trucks with a capacity up to and including 10 000 kg in accordance with ISO 5053-1 (herein after referred to as trucks) without a load and it is intended to be used in conjunction with EN 16842-1.
Where specific requirements in this part are modified from the general requirements in EN 16842-1, the requirements of this part are truck-specific and to be used for stand-on counterbalance trucks with a capacity up to and including 10 000 kg.
This part of EN 16842 deals with all significant hazards, hazardous situations or hazardous events, relevant to the visibility of the operator for applicable machines when used as intended and under conditions of misuse which are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer.

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2020-05-14 JF: by decision BT C088/2020 taken on 2020-05-13, the BT approved the revised Annex ZA. Standard under publication.
2020-03-03 JF: CCMC is preparing a BT document on the revised Annex ZA for the BT approval.
positive PUB assessment of the revised Annex ZA
EC accepted the format of the Annex ZA for this type of standards on 2020-01-22.
2019-11-07 JF: there is a need to review Annex ZA before publication. the machinery sector is claryfing the Annex ZA for this kind of standards (global relevance). Expected to be clarified by ca end November 2019.
2019-09-20: renumbred prA1 following renumbring at ISO

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ISO 21281:2005 specifies the layout of pedals of self propelled sit-down rider-controlled industrial trucks, as defined in Parts 1, 2, 3 and 6 of ISO 3691.

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