This document applies to slewing rough-terrain variable-reach trucks (hereinafter referred to as trucks) as defined in ISO 5053-1:2020, 3.22, that have a specific seated operator’s position, on the left-hand side of the boom, or centre position (excluding operator position on the right side of the boom).
This document specifies a static test method for determining and evaluating the operator’s visibility on a rectangular boundary close around the truck and on a 12 m visibility test circle. Performance requirements for visibility are specified in this document. A calculation method or computer simulation can also be used.
This document does not provide performance requirements for the additional means for indirect visibility.
This document also covers information to be provided by the manufacturer.

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This document specifies the safety requirements for slewing rough-terrain variable-reach trucks and rough-terrain variable-reach trucks defined by ISO 5053-1 (hereafter referred to as trucks) and their work platforms having front guards that can be opened for removal of roof material (hereafter referred to as work platforms).
This document deals with the significant hazards, hazardous situations and events relevant to the combination of the truck and the integrated work platform when it is used as intended and under conditions of misuse which are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer. The significant hazards covered by this document are listed in Annex A.
NOTE 1 Duplicate controls for the slewing upper structure, the boom and the work platform movements can be also provided under specific circumstances at the operating position in the enclosed cab of the truck.
This document does not address hazards which can occur:
a) when using non-integrated work platforms or other attachments not designed for lifting persons;
b) when handling suspended work platforms which can swing freely;
c) when operating underground or in potentially explosive atmospheres;
d) when removing asbestos, regarding the possible release of fibres.
This document does not specify safety requirements for trucks equipped with work platforms intended for leaving and re-entering at height.
NOTE 2 National regulations for worksites can apply for asbestos removal to cover the risks related to the possible release of fibres.

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This document specifies requirements for the truck side of the attachment interface of rough-terrain non-slewing and slewing variable reach trucks (hereafter referred to as "trucks") dealt with in EN 1459-1:2017+A1:2020, EN 1459-2:2015+A1:2018 and EN 1459-4:2020.
This document covers the interface for the attachments fitted to the telescopic boom carriage or mounted on the forks when it is used as intended and under conditions of misuse which are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer. This document does not cover:
- interface for interchangeable equipment designed for lifting person(s) (covered by EN 1459-3:2015);
- interface for equipment for container handling (e.g. spreader);
- interface for equipment permanently installed on the machine and not intended to be removed by the user.
NOTE In this case, equipment becomes part of the truck.
This document does not give requirements for the completed assembly of a truck fitted with an attachment. This document does not address risks to parts of the truck other than the interface with the attachment.
This document is not applicable to interfaces manufactured before the date of its publication.

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This document specifies the safety requirements and means of verification in addition to EN 1459-1:2017+A1:2020 and EN 1459-2:2015+A1:2018 as applicable, for rough-terrain variable-reach trucks (hereafter referred to as trucks) designed and intended for handling suspended loads which can swing freely in one or more directions. It is applicable to trucks covered by EN 1459-1:2017+A1:2020 and EN 1459-2:2015+A1:2018.
This document does not apply to:
- the lifting of suspended loads which by design of the load or the lifting attachments does not allow the load to swing freely in any direction;
- the handling of flexible intermediate bulk containers, as defined in ISO 21898:2004, carried under the forks of the truck or with attachments intended for this purpose;
- any attachments / means used for lifting personnel;
- lifting accessories;
- freight container handling trucks;
- mobile cranes (covered by EN 13000:2010+A1:2014).
This document deals with all significant hazards, hazardous situations or hazardous events, related to trucks handling a freely suspended load, when they are used as intended and under conditions of misuse which are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer (see Annex A).
This document does not deal with load limiter for attachments.
This document is not applicable to rough-terrain variable-reach trucks designed and intended for handling suspended loads manufactured before the date of its publication.

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This European Standard specifies the safety requirements of self-propelled variable-reach rough-terrain trucks (hereafter referred to as trucks), intended to handle loads, equipped with a telescopic lifting means (pivoted boom), on which a load handling device (e.g. carriage and fork arms) is fitted.
For the purpose of this standard, rough-terrain variable-reach trucks are designed to transport, lift and place loads and can be driven on unimproved terrain.
Fork arms are considered to be part of the truck. Trucks can also be equipped with a variety of attachments (e.g. bale spikes, mowers, sweepers).
This European Standard deals with all the significant hazards, hazardous situations and events relevant to the trucks when they are used as intended and under conditions of misuse which are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer (see Annex A).
This European Standard does not apply to:
-   slewing variable reach rough terrain trucks covered by EN 1459-2;
-   industrial variable reach trucks covered by EN ISO 3691-2;
-   lorry-mounted variable reach trucks;
-   variable reach trucks fitted with tilting or elevating operator position;
-   mobile cranes covered by EN 13000;
-   machines designed primarily for earth moving, even if their buckets and blades are replaced with forks (see EN 474 series);
-   trucks designed primarily with variable length load suspension elements (e.g. chain, ropes) from which the load may swing freely in all directions;
-   trucks fitted with personnel/work platforms, designed to move persons to elevated working positions;
-   trucks designed primarily for container handling;
-   trucks on tracks;
-   trucks with articulated chassis;
-   attachments (covered by prEN 1459-5).
This European Standard does not address hazards linked to:
-   hybrid power systems;
-   gas power system;
-   gasoline engine system;
-   battery power system;
-   tractor specific devices (e.g. PTO).
This European Standard does not address hazards which may occur:
a)   when handling suspended loads which may swing freely (additional requirements are given in prEN 1459-4 (in preparation));
b)   when using trucks on public roads;
c)   when operating in potentially explosive atmospheres;
d)   when operating underground;
e)   when towing trailers;
f)   when fitted with a personnel work platform (additional requirements are given in EN 1459-3);
g)   when using cruise-control.
This European Standard does not provide a method of calculation for fatigue and strength of material.
This document is not applicable to trucks manufactured before the date of its publication.

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This European Standard specifies the general safety requirements of slewing variable-reach rough-terrain trucks (here-after referred to as trucks), consisting of a lower chassis with a slewing upper structure equipped with a telescopic lifting means (pivoted boom), on which a load handling device (e.g. carriage and fork arms) is typically fitted.
Fork arms are covered by this European Standard and considered to be parts of the truck.
This European Standard deals with all significant hazards, hazardous situations and events relevant to the trucks when they are used as intended and under conditions of misuse which are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer (see Annex A) with the exception of hazards listed in 1.3 and 1.4.
This European Standard does not apply to:
-   variable-reach rough terrain trucks covered by prEN 1459-1 (non-slewing);
-   industrial variable-reach trucks covered by prEN ISO 3691 2;
-   lorry-mounted variable-reach trucks;
-   variable reach trucks fitted with tilting or elevating operator position;
-   mobile cranes covered by EN 13000;
-   machines designed primarily for earth moving, such as loaders and dozers, even if their buckets and blades are replaced with forks (see EN 474 series);
-   trucks designed primarily with variable length load suspension elements (e.g., chain, ropes) from which the load may swing freely in all directions;
-   trucks designed primarily for container handling;
-   trucks on tracks;
-   attachments (prEN 1459-5).
This European Standard does not address hazards linked to:
-   hybrid power systems;
-   gas power system;
-   trucks equipped with gasoline engine;
-   battery power system;
-   tractor specific devices (e.g. PTO).
This European Standard does not address hazards which may occur when:
a)   handling suspended loads which may swing freely (additional requirements are given in prEN 1459-4);
b)   using trucks on public roads;
c)   operating in potentially explosive atmospheres;
d)   operating underground;
e)   when towing trailers;
f)   fitted with a personnel work platform (additional requirements are given in EN 1459-3).

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This document specifies requirements related to permanent mounted equipment for rough-terrain variable-reach tractors (here-after referred to as “RTVR tractors”) and additional requirements for the combination.
This document does not apply to:
- machines designed primarily for earth moving, even if their buckets and blades are replaced with forks (see EN 474 series);
- attachments.
This document does not address hazards which may occur
a) when handling suspended loads which may swing freely;
b) when using RTVR tractors on public roads;
c) when operating in potentially explosive atmospheres;
d) when operating underground;
e) when towing trailers;
f) when fitted with a personnel work platform (additional requirements are given in EN 1459-3);
g) when using cruise-control.
This document does not provide a method of calculation for fatigue and strength of material.
This document is not applicable to RTVR tractors manufactured before the date of its publication.

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This Technical Report describes the risk assessment methodology followed to determine the Performance Level required (PLr), as defined in EN ISO 13849-1:2008, for specific safety related parts of control system (SRP/CS) of rough-terrain variable-reach trucks covered by prEN 1459-1, EN 1459-2 and EN 1459-3.
This Technical Report does not apply to SRP/CS that includes no electrical/electronic components.
NOTE   It is the intention of CEN TC150 WG2 to use the same methodology to develop future standards (e.g. further parts of EN 1459).

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This European Standard specifies the additional safety requirements for trucks covered by
-   EN 1459-1: Rough-terrain variable reach trucks
-   EN 1459-2: Rough-terrain rotating trucks
-   EN ISO 3691-2: Industrial variable reach trucks
when these trucks are equipped with elevating work platform.
This European Standard does not address hazards which may occur:
a)   during manufacture;
b)   when handling suspended work platforms which may swing freely;
c)   when using trucks on public roads;
d)   when operating in potentially explosive atmospheres;
e)   when operating underground.

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This European Standard applies to rough-terrain variable reach trucks (herein-after referred to as ‘trucks’) that have a specific seated operator’s position, on the left hand side of the boom, or centre position (excluding operator position on the right side of the boom).
This European Standard specifies a static test method for determining and evaluating the operator’s visibility on a rectangular 1 m boundary close around the rough-terrain variable reach truck and on a 12 m visibility test circle. Performance requirements for visibility are specified in this standard.
This European Standard does not apply to rough-terrain variable reach trucks designed to handle freight containers (rough-terrain reach stackers).
It applies to trucks for operation on work sites.

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This European Standard specifies the technical requirements, verification and test procedure for the longitudinal load moment indicators (LLMI) and longitudinal load moment control (LLMC) systems operating in the forward direction for self propelled variable reach trucks covered by EN 1459.
This European Standard completes the requirements of Clause 5.8.4 Longitudinal stability of EN 1459:1998.
The LLMI has been designated by the words longitudinal safety warning devices in EN 1459.
This European Standard covers LLMI and LLMC systems for stationary trucks performing loading or placing functions on consolidated, stable and level ground.
This European Standard does not cover the risk due to lateral instability, or instability due to the travelling of the truck. The LLMI and LLMC are not intended for warning of the overturning risk whilst the truck is travelling.
NOTE    Acknowledging that, at the time of publication, the requirements included in this European Standard do not represent the state of the art, a transition period of 24 months is permitted after the date of publication, such that manufacturers can develop their products sufficiently to meet the requirements of this European Standard.

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ISO 10896-2:2016 specifies general safety requirements for slewing rough-terrain variable-reach trucks (hereafter known as "trucks"), consisting of a lower chassis with a slewing upper structure equipped with a telescopic lifting means (pivoted boom), on which a load handling device (e.g., carriage and fork arms) is typically fitted. Fork arms and other integrated attachments are considered to be parts of the truck.
Other standards, in addition to the relevant provisions of this part of ISO 10896, can apply to the attachments.
ISO 10896-2:2016 is not applicable to the following:
a) rough terrain variable-reach trucks covered by ISO 10896‑1 (non-slewing);
b) industrial variable-reach trucks covered by ISO 3691‑2;
c) mobile cranes;
d) machines designed primarily for earth-moving, such as loaders, even if their buckets are replaced by fork arms (see ISO 20474);
e) trucks designed primarily with variable-length load suspension elements (e.g. chain, ropes) from which the load may swing freely in all directions;
NOTE Additional requirements for trucks intended for freely swinging load applications, their lifting devices and attachments, and personnel/work platform applications on trucks, are being developed by ISO/TC 110/SC4.
f) trucks designed primarily for container handling.
The significant hazards covered by this part of ISO 10896 are listed in Annex A. This part of ISO 10896 does not address hazards that can occur
- during manufacture,
- when handling suspended loads, which may swing freely,
- when lifting personnel,
- when using trucks on public roads,
- when operating in potentially explosive atmospheres, or
- with a battery, LPG or hybrid as the primary power source.

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This document specifies the safety requirements and means of verification in addition to EN 1459-1:2017+A1:2020 and EN 1459-2:2015+A1:2018 as applicable, for rough-terrain variable-reach trucks (hereafter referred to as trucks) designed and intended for handling suspended loads which can swing freely in one or more directions. It is applicable to trucks covered by EN 1459-1:2017+A1:2020 and EN 1459-2:2015+A1:2018.
This document does not apply to:
- the lifting of suspended loads which by design of the load or the lifting attachments does not allow the load to swing freely in any direction;
- the handling of flexible intermediate bulk containers, as defined in ISO 21898:2004, carried under the forks of the truck or with attachments intended for this purpose;
- any attachments / means used for lifting personnel;
- lifting accessories;
- freight container handling trucks;
- mobile cranes (covered by EN 13000:2010+A1:2014).
This document deals with all significant hazards, hazardous situations or hazardous events, related to trucks handling a freely suspended load, when they are used as intended and under conditions of misuse which are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer (see Annex A).
This document does not deal with load limiter for attachments.
This document is not applicable to rough-terrain variable-reach trucks designed and intended for handling suspended loads manufactured before the date of its publication.

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This document specifies the safety requirements of self-propelled rough-terrain variable-reach trucks (hereafter referred to as trucks), intended to handle loads, equipped with a telescopic lifting means (pivoted boom), on which a load handling device (e.g. carriage and fork arms) is fitted.
For the purpose of this document, rough-terrain variable-reach trucks are designed to transport, lift and place loads and can be driven on unimproved terrain.
Fork arms are considered to be part of the truck. Trucks can also be equipped with a variety of attachments (e.g. bale spikes, mowers, sweepers).
This document deals with all the significant hazards, hazardous situations and events relevant to the trucks when they are used as intended and under conditions of misuse which are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer (see Annex A).
This document does not apply to:
—   slewing rough-terrain variable-reach trucks covered by EN 1459 2:2015+A1:2018;
—   rough terrain variable-reach tractors covered by CEN/TS1459-8;
—   industrial variable reach trucks covered by EN ISO 3691 2:2016;
—   lorry-mounted variable-reach trucks covered by ISO 20297 1:2017;
—   variable-reach trucks fitted with tilting or elevating operator position;
—   mobile cranes covered by EN 13000:2010+A1:2014;
—   machines designed primarily for earth moving, even if their buckets and blades are replaced with forks (see EN 474 series);
—   trucks designed primarily with variable length load suspension elements (e.g. chain, ropes) from which the load may swing freely in all directions;
—   trucks designed primarily for container handling;
—   trucks on tracks;
—   trucks with articulated chassis;
—   attachments.
This document does not address sound power level.
This document does not address hazards linked to:
—   operation of the truck from a position other than the normal operating position or the remote control;
—   hybrid power systems;
—   gas power systems;
—   gasoline engine systems;
—   battery power systems.
This document does not address hazards which may occur:
a)   when handling suspended loads which may swing freely (additional requirements are given in EN 1459 4: 2020);
b)   when using trucks on public roads;
c)   when operating in potentially explosive atmospheres (additional requirements are given in EN 1755:2015);
d)   when operating underground;
e)   when towing trailers;
f)   when fitted with a personnel work platform (additional requirements are given in EN 1459 3:2015 and EN 1459 9:2021);
g)   when using systems capable of controlling the speed of the truck as set by the operator (cruise-control).
This document does not provide a method of calculation for fatigue and strength of material.
This document is not applicable to trucks manufactured before the date of its publication.

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This document specifies requirements for the truck side of the attachment interface of rough-terrain non-slewing and slewing variable reach trucks (hereafter referred to as "trucks") dealt with in EN 1459-1:2017+A1:2020, EN 1459-2:2015+A1:2018 and EN 1459-4:2020.
This document covers the interface for the attachments fitted to the telescopic boom carriage or mounted on the forks when it is used as intended and under conditions of misuse which are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer. This document does not cover:
- interface for interchangeable equipment designed for lifting person(s) (covered by EN 1459-3:2015);
- interface for equipment for container handling (e.g. spreader);
- interface for equipment permanently installed on the machine and not intended to be removed by the user.
NOTE In this case, equipment becomes part of the truck.
This document does not give requirements for the completed assembly of a truck fitted with an attachment. This document does not address risks to parts of the truck other than the interface with the attachment.
This document is not applicable to interfaces manufactured before the date of its publication.

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This European Standard specifies the noise emission measurement methods and the configuration and conditions that are intended to be used for the tests in order to define:
-   the Sound Power Level (LWA) of the truck; and
-   the Sound Pressure Level (LpA) at the operator’s position.
This European Standard applies to:
-   rough-terrain variable-reach trucks covered by EN 1459-1; and
-   slewing rough-terrain variable-reach trucks covered by EN 1459-2.
It is intended that these tests and measurements are conducted on new machines, taken from the production line.
This standard applies to trucks manufactured after the date of publication.

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This document specifies requirements for the interchangeable equipment and interchangeable equipment interface of rough-terrain non-slewing and slewing variable reach trucks (hereafter referred to as "trucks") dealt with in EN 1459-1, EN 1459−2 and prEN 1459−4.
This document does not cover tools since they are covered in EN 1459-1 and EN 1459-2.
This document only covers interchangeable equipment fitted to the interchangeable equipment interface on the telescopic boom.
This document does not cover:
-   interchangeable equipment designed for lifting person(s);
-   power transmission between the truck and the interchangeable equipment if realized by means other than hydraulic;
-   interchangeable equipment for container handling;
-   equipment permanently installed on the machine and not intended to be removed by the user;
NOTE   In this case equipment becomes part of the truck.
-   visibility for interchangeable equipment exceeding dimensional limits defined in B.3.1.

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This European Standard specifies the general safety requirements of non-slewing variable-reach rough-terrain trucks, articulated or rigid chassis, equipped with a telescopic lifting means (pivoted boom), on which a load handling device (e.g., carriage and fork arms) is typically fitted.
Fork arms and other integrated attachments are considered to be parts of the truck. For attachments the appropriate clauses of this standard are applicable and other specific standards may also apply.
This European Standard does not apply to:
-   slewing variable reach rough terrain trucks covered by prEN 1459-2;
-   industrial variable reach trucks covered by EN ISO 3691-2;
-   lorry-mounted variable reach trucks;
-   variable reach trucks fitted with tilting or elevating operator position;
-   variable reach rough terrain trucks designed for container handling;
-   mobile cranes covered by EN 13000;
-   machines designed primarily for earth moving, such as loaders and dozers, even if their buckets and blades are replaced with forks (see EN 474 series);
-   trucks designed primarily with variable length load suspension elements (e.g., chain, ropes) from which the load may swing freely in all directions covered by prEN 1459-4;
-   trucks fitted with personnel/work platforms, designed to move persons to elevated working positions covered by prEN 1459-3;
-   trucks designed primarily for container handling;
-   trucks incorporating tractor specific devices;
-   trucks on tracks.
This European Standard does not address hazards linked to:
-   hybrid power systems;
-   gas power systems
-   battery power systems.
This European Standard does not address hazards which may occur:
a)   during manufacture;
b)   when handling suspended loads which may swing freely;
c)   when using trucks on public roads;
d)   when operating in potentially explosive atmospheres;
e)   when operating underground.

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This standard applies to self-propelled seated rider operated variable reach trucks intended to handle loads of all kinds using one of the attachments listed in 3.10 - 3.11 - 3.13 - 3.14 - 3.15 - 3.16 - 3.19 - 3.20. It does not cover the lifting of persons by any attachments, in particular by work platforms. Machines with variable length load suspension elements (chains, ropes etc) from which the load may swing freely in all directions are not covered in this standard. It applies to the handling of series 1 freight containers of length >= 6 metres with the dimensional and securing characteristics as specified in ISO 668 and ISO 3874.
For the purpose of this standard, self-propelled seated rider operated variable reach trucks (hereinafter referred to as "trucks") are counterbalanced lift trucks with one or more articulated arms, telescopic or not, non-slewing, as defined in 4.13.2.2.2 of ISO 5053:1987 used for stacking loads. The load handling means may be mounted directly on the lifting means or on an auxiliary mast fixed at the end of the lifting means. Lifting  means  shall  be  non-slewing or  have  slewing movement not  greater  than  5°  either  side  of  the longitudinal axis of the truck (see figure 1).

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This European Standard specifies the general safety requirements of slewing variable-reach rough-terrain trucks (here-after referred to as trucks), consisting of a lower chassis with a slewing upper structure equipped with a telescopic lifting means (pivoted boom), on which a load handling device (e.g. carriage and fork arms) is typically fitted.
Fork arms are covered by this European Standard and considered to be parts of the truck.
This European Standard deals with all significant hazards, hazardous situations and events relevant to the trucks when they are used as intended and under conditions of misuse which are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer (see Annex A) with the exception of hazards listed in 1.3 and 1.4.
This European Standard does not apply to:
-   variable-reach rough terrain trucks covered by prEN 1459-1 (non-slewing);
-   industrial variable-reach trucks covered by prEN ISO 3691 2;
-   lorry-mounted variable-reach trucks;
-   variable reach trucks fitted with tilting or elevating operator position;
-   mobile cranes covered by EN 13000;
-   machines designed primarily for earth moving, such as loaders and dozers, even if their buckets and blades are replaced with forks (see EN 474 series);
-   trucks designed primarily with variable length load suspension elements (e.g., chain, ropes) from which the load may swing freely in all directions;
-   trucks designed primarily for container handling;
-   trucks on tracks;
-   attachments (prEN 1459-5).
This European Standard does not address hazards linked to:
-   hybrid power systems;
-   gas power system;
-   trucks equipped with gasoline engine;
-   battery power system;
-   tractor specific devices (e.g. PTO).
This European Standard does not address hazards which may occur when:
a)   handling suspended loads which may swing freely (additional requirements are given in prEN 1459-4);
b)   using trucks on public roads;
c)   operating in potentially explosive atmospheres;
d)   operating underground;
e)   when towing trailers;
f)   fitted with a personnel work platform (additional requirements are given in EN 1459-3).

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This European Standard specifies the safety requirements of self-propelled variable-reach rough-terrain trucks (hereafter referred to as trucks), intended to handle loads, equipped with a telescopic lifting means (pivoted boom), on which a load handling device (e.g. carriage and fork arms) is fitted.
For the purpose of this standard, rough-terrain variable-reach trucks are designed to transport, lift and place loads and can be driven on unimproved terrain.
Fork arms are considered to be part of the truck. Trucks can also be equipped with a variety of attachments (e.g. bale spikes, mowers, sweepers).
This European Standard deals with all the significant hazards, hazardous situations and events relevant to the trucks when they are used as intended and under conditions of misuse which are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer (see Annex A).
This European Standard does not apply to:
-   slewing variable reach rough terrain trucks covered by EN 1459-2;
-   industrial variable reach trucks covered by EN ISO 3691-2;
-   lorry-mounted variable reach trucks;
-   variable reach trucks fitted with tilting or elevating operator position;
-   mobile cranes covered by EN 13000;
-   machines designed primarily for earth moving, even if their buckets and blades are replaced with forks (see EN 474 series);
-   trucks designed primarily with variable length load suspension elements (e.g. chain, ropes) from which the load may swing freely in all directions;
-   trucks fitted with personnel/work platforms, designed to move persons to elevated working positions;
-   trucks designed primarily for container handling;
-   trucks on tracks;
-   trucks with articulated chassis;
-   attachments (covered by prEN 1459-5).
This European Standard does not address hazards linked to:
-   hybrid power systems;
-   gas power system;
-   gasoline engine system;
-   battery power system;
-   tractor specific devices (e.g. PTO).
This European Standard does not address hazards which may occur:
a)   when handling suspended loads which may swing freely (additional requirements are given in prEN 1459-4 (in preparation));
b)   when using trucks on public roads;
c)   when operating in potentially explosive atmospheres;
d)   when operating underground;
e)   when towing trailers;
f)   when fitted with a personnel work platform (additional requirements are given in EN 1459-3);
g)   when using cruise-control.
This European Standard does not provide a method of calculation for fatigue and strength of material.
This document is not applicable to trucks manufactured before the date of its publication.
Modification to the Scope:
Replace the last indent of fifth paragraph with the following: "- attachments".

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This European Standard specifies the safety requirements of self-propelled variable-reach rough-terrain trucks (hereafter referred to as trucks), intended to handle loads, equipped with a telescopic lifting means (pivoted boom), on which a load handling device (e.g. carriage and fork arms) is fitted.
For the purpose of this standard, rough-terrain variable-reach trucks are designed to transport, lift and place loads and can be driven on unimproved terrain.
Fork arms are considered to be part of the truck. Trucks can also be equipped with a variety of attachments (e.g. bale spikes, mowers, sweepers).
This European Standard deals with all the significant hazards, hazardous situations and events relevant to the trucks when they are used as intended and under conditions of misuse which are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer (see Annex A).
This European Standard does not apply to:
-   slewing variable reach rough terrain trucks covered by EN 1459-2;
-   industrial variable reach trucks covered by EN ISO 3691-2;
-   lorry-mounted variable reach trucks;
-   variable reach trucks fitted with tilting or elevating operator position;
-   mobile cranes covered by EN 13000;
-   machines designed primarily for earth moving, even if their buckets and blades are replaced with forks (see EN 474 series);
-   trucks designed primarily with variable length load suspension elements (e.g. chain, ropes) from which the load may swing freely in all directions;
-   trucks fitted with personnel/work platforms, designed to move persons to elevated working positions;
-   trucks designed primarily for container handling;
-   trucks on tracks;
-   trucks with articulated chassis;
-   attachments (covered by prEN 1459-5).
This European Standard does not address hazards linked to:
-   hybrid power systems;
-   gas power system;
-   gasoline engine system;
-   battery power system;
-   tractor specific devices (e.g. PTO).
This European Standard does not address hazards which may occur:
a)   when handling suspended loads which may swing freely (additional requirements are given in prEN 1459-4 (in preparation));
b)   when using trucks on public roads;
c)   when operating in potentially explosive atmospheres;
d)   when operating underground;
e)   when towing trailers;
f)   when fitted with a personnel work platform (additional requirements are given in EN 1459-3);
g)   when using cruise-control.
This European Standard does not provide a method of calculation for fatigue and strength of material.
This document is not applicable to trucks manufactured before the date of its publication.

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This European Standard specifies the general safety requirements of slewing variable-reach rough-terrain trucks (here-after referred to as trucks), consisting of a lower chassis with a slewing upper structure equipped with a telescopic lifting means (pivoted boom), on which a load handling device (e.g. carriage and fork arms) is typically fitted.
Fork arms are covered by this European Standard and considered to be parts of the truck.
This European Standard deals with all significant hazards, hazardous situations and events relevant to the trucks when they are used as intended and under conditions of misuse which are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer (see Annex A) with the exception of hazards listed in 1.3 and 1.4.
This European Standard does not apply to:
-   variable-reach rough terrain trucks covered by prEN 1459-1 (non-slewing);
-   industrial variable-reach trucks covered by prEN ISO 3691 2;
-   lorry-mounted variable-reach trucks;
-   variable reach trucks fitted with tilting or elevating operator position;
-   mobile cranes covered by EN 13000;
-   machines designed primarily for earth moving, such as loaders and dozers, even if their buckets and blades are replaced with forks (see EN 474 series);
-   trucks designed primarily with variable length load suspension elements (e.g., chain, ropes) from which the load may swing freely in all directions;
-   trucks designed primarily for container handling;
-   trucks on tracks;
-   attachments (prEN 1459-5).
This European Standard does not address hazards linked to:
-   hybrid power systems;
-   gas power system;
-   trucks equipped with gasoline engine;
-   battery power system;
-   tractor specific devices (e.g. PTO).
This European Standard does not address hazards which may occur when:
a)   handling suspended loads which may swing freely (additional requirements are given in prEN 1459-4);
b)   using trucks on public roads;
c)   operating in potentially explosive atmospheres;
d)   operating underground;
e)   when towing trailers;
f)   fitted with a personnel work platform (additional requirements are given in EN 1459-3).

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1.1   This standard applies to self-propelled seated rider operated variable reach trucks intended to handle loads of all kinds using one of the attachments listed in 3.10 - 3.11 - 3.13 - 3.14 - 3.15 - 3.16 - 3.19 - 3.20. It does not cover the lifting of persons by any attachments, in particular by work platforms. Machines with variable length load suspension elements (chains, ropes etc) from which the load may swing freely in all directions are not covered in this standard. It applies to the handling of series 1 freight containers of length superior or equal to 6 m with the dimensional and securing characteristics as specified in ISO 668 and ISO 3874.
1.2   For the purpose of this standard, self-propelled seated rider operated variable reach trucks (hereinafter referred to as trucks) are counterbalanced lift trucks with one or more articulated arms, telescopic or not, non-slewing, as defined in 4.13.2.2.2 of ISO 5053:1987 used for stacking loads. The load handling means may be mounted directly on the lifting means or on an auxiliary mast fixed at the end of the lifting means. Lifting means shall be non-slewing or have slewing movement not greater than 5° either side of the longitudinal axis of the truck.
1. Vertical Pivoting axis
Figure 1
1.3   Two types of variable reach trucks are covered in this standard:
-   industrial trucks for operation on substantially firm smooth, level and prepared surfaces;
-   rough terrain trucks for operation on unimproved natural terrain and disturbed terrain or areas.
1.4   Trucks may be equipped with fork arms for normal industrial duties, or attachments for specific applications such as handling freight containers. Trucks may be equipped with stabilisers, axle locking or lateral levelling devices.
1.5   This standard covers all specific hazards which could occur during operation and maintenance of trucks. For hazards occurring during construction, transportation, commissioning, decommissioning and disposal, reference should be

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1.1   This standard applies to self-propelled seated rider operated variable reach trucks intended to handle loads of all kinds using one of the attachments listed in 3.10 - 3.11 - 3.13 - 3.14 - 3.15 - 3.16 - 3.19 - 3.20. It does not cover the lifting of persons by any attachments, in particular by work platforms. Machines with variable length load suspension elements (chains, ropes etc) from which the load may swing freely in all directions are not covered in this standard. It applies to the handling of series 1 freight containers of length superior or equal to 6 m with the dimensional and securing characteristics as specified in ISO 668 and ISO 3874.
1.2   For the purpose of this standard, self-propelled seated rider operated variable reach trucks (hereinafter referred to as trucks) are counterbalanced lift trucks with one or more articulated arms, telescopic or not, non-slewing, as defined in 4.13.2.2.2 of ISO 5053:1987 used for stacking loads. The load handling means may be mounted directly on the lifting means or on an auxiliary mast fixed at the end of the lifting means. Lifting means shall be non-slewing or have slewing movement not greater than 5° either side of the longitudinal axis of the truck.
1. Vertical Pivoting axis
Figure 1
1.3   Two types of variable reach trucks are covered in this standard:
-   industrial trucks for operation on substantially firm smooth, level and prepared surfaces;
-   rough terrain trucks for operation on unimproved natural terrain and disturbed terrain or areas.
1.4   Trucks may be equipped with fork arms for normal industrial duties, or attachments for specific applications such as handling freight containers. Trucks may be equipped with stabilisers, axle locking or lateral levelling devices.
1.5   This standard covers all specific hazards which could occur during operation and maintenance of trucks. For hazards occurring during construction, transportation, commissioning, decommissioning and disposal, reference should be

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UAP of 4 months (TC Res C 128/2000) (CC/000717)  ++ Delay due to negative assessment CEN Consultant (GO/011025) ++
2006-03-13 SJ: Although 1459 will be replaced by EN ISO 3691 series, this amendment is being developed bcs of a safeguard clause.
2005-05-26 SJ: this item is the result of a safeguard action at the EC under 98/37. It should not be deleted!
The Corrigendum on EN 1459 should be published when Amendment 1 is published (SV on 2005-11-15)

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This standard applies to self-propelled seated rider operated variable reach trucks intended to handle loads of all kinds using one of the attachments listed in 3.10 - 3.11 - 3.13 - 3.14 - 3.15 - 3.16 - 3.19 - 3.20. It does not cover the lifting of persons by any attachments, in particular by work platforms. Machines with variable length load suspension elements (chains, ropes etc) from which the load may swing freely in all directions are not covered in this standard.

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