Petroleum and natural gas industries - Offshore production installations - Major Accident hazard management during the design of new installations (ISO 17776:2016)

ISO 17776:2016 describes processes for managing major accident (MA) hazards during the design of offshore oil and gas production installations. It provides requirements and guidance on the development of strategies both to prevent the occurrence of MAs and to limit the possible consequences. It also contains some requirements and guidance on managing MA hazards in operation.
ISO 17776:2016 is applicable to the design of
-      fixed offshore structures, and
-      floating systems for production, storage and offloading
for the petroleum and natural gas industries.
The scope includes all credible MA hazards with the potential to have a material effect on people, the environment and assets.
This document is intended for the larger projects undertaken to develop new offshore installations. However, the principles are also applicable to small or simple projects or design changes to existing facilities and can also be relevant to onshore production facilities.
Mobile offshore units as defined in this document are excluded, although many of the principles can be used as guidance. The design of subsea facilities are also excluded, though the effects of mobile and subsea facilities are considered if they can lead to major accidents that affect an offshore installation. This document does not cover the construction, commissioning, abandonment or security risks associated with offshore installations.
The decision to apply the requirements and guidance of this document, in full or in part, is intended to be based on an assessment of the likelihood and possible consequences of MA hazards.

Erdöl- und Erdgasindustrie - Offshore-Produktionsanlagen - Management der Gefährdungen durch schwere Störfälle bei der Konstruktion neuer Offshore-Anlagen (ISO 17776:2016)

Industries du pétrole et du gaz naturel - Installations des plates-formes en mer - Lignes directrices relatives aux outils et techniques pour l'identification et l'évaluation des risques (ISO 17776:2016)

Industrija nafte in zemeljskega plina - Plavajoči proizvodni objekti - Upravljanje nevarnosti večjih nesreč med načrtovanjem novih objektov (ISO 17776:2016)

Ta dokument opisuje postopke za upravljanje nevarnosti večjih nesreč (MA) med načrtovanjem plavajočih proizvodnih objektov za črpanje nafte in plina. Vsebuje zahteve in smernice za razvoj
strategij za preprečevanje nevarnosti nastanka večjih nesreč in omejevanje možnih posledic. Vsebuje tudi nekatere zahteve in smernice za upravljanje nevarnosti večjih nesreč med obratovanjem.
Ta dokument se uporablja za načrtovanje:
– fiksnih naftnih ploščadi in
– plavajočih sistemov za proizvodnjo, shranjevanje in pretovarjanje
v proizvodnji nafte in zemeljskega plina.
Področje vključuje vse verjetne nevarnosti večjih nesreč, ki lahko bistveno vplivajo na ljudi, okolje in premoženje.
Ta dokument je namenjen za večje projekte, pri katerih se načrtuje namestitev novih objektov. Načela pa veljajo tudi za majhne ali preproste projekte ali spremembe načrtov v obstoječih objektih ter so lahko pomembne tudi za obrate na kopnem.
Premične plavajoče enote, kot so določene v tem dokumentu, niso zajete, čeprav je mnoga načela iz tega standarda mogoče uporabiti kot smernice. Načrtovanje podvodnih objektov je prav tako izključeno, čeprav se upoštevajo učinki premičnih in podvodnih objektov, če lahko privedejo do večjih nesreč, ki vplivajo na plavajoči objekt. Ta dokument ne zajema gradnje, zagona, opustitve ali varnostnega tveganja, povezanega s plavajočimi objekti.
Odločitev o uporabi zahtev in smernic tega dokumenta, v celoti ali po delih, naj
bi temeljila na oceni verjetnosti in možnih posledic nevarnosti večjih nesreč.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
20-Dec-2016
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing
Due Date
21-Dec-2016
Completion Date
21-Dec-2016

RELATIONS

Buy Standard

Standard
EN ISO 17776:2017 - BARVE
English language
106 pages
sale 10% off
Preview
sale 10% off
Preview
e-Library read for
1 day

Standards Content (sample)

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN ISO 17776:2017
01-marec-2017
1DGRPHãþD
SIST EN ISO 17776:2004

,QGXVWULMDQDIWHLQ]HPHOMVNHJDSOLQD3ODYDMRþLSURL]YRGQLREMHNWL8SUDYOMDQMH

QHYDUQRVWLYHþMLKQHVUHþPHGQDþUWRYDQMHPQRYLKREMHNWRY ,62

Petroleum and natural gas industries - Offshore production installations - Major Accident

hazard management during the design of new installations (ISO 17776:2016)

Erdöl- und Erdgasindustrie - Offshore-Produktionsanlagen - Leitfaden für Hilfsmittel und

Verfahren zur Gefahrenerkennung und Risikobeurteilung (ISO 17776:2016)

Industries du pétrole et du gaz naturel - Installations des plates-formes en mer - Lignes

directrices relatives aux outils et techniques pour l'identification et l'évaluation des

risques (ISO 17776:2016)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN ISO 17776:2016
ICS:
75.180.10 Oprema za raziskovanje, Exploratory, drilling and
vrtanje in odkopavanje extraction equipment
SIST EN ISO 17776:2017 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 17776:2017
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 17776:2017
EN ISO 17776
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
December 2016
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 75.180.10 Supersedes EN ISO 17776:2002
English Version
Petroleum and natural gas industries - Offshore
production installations - Major Accident hazard
management during the design of new installations (ISO
17776:2016)

Industries du pétrole et du gaz naturel - Installations Erdöl- und Erdgasindustrie - Offshore-

des plates-formes en mer - Lignes directrices relatives Produktionsanlagen - Management der Gefährdungen

aux outils et techniques pour l'identification et durch schwere Störfälle bei der Konstruktion neuer

l'évaluation des risques (ISO 17776:2016) Offshore-Anlagen (ISO 17776:2016)
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 19 October 2016.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

© 2016 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN ISO 17776:2016 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 17776:2017
EN ISO 17776:2016 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 17776:2017
EN ISO 17776:2016 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN ISO 17776:2016) has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 67 "Materials,

equipment and offshore structures for petroleum, petrochemical and natural gas industries" in

collaboration with Technical Committee CEN/TC 12 “Materials, equipment and offshore structures for

petroleum, petrochemical and natural gas industries” the secretariat of which is held by CYS.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by June 2017, and conflicting national standards shall be

withdrawn at the latest by June 2017.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent

rights.
This document supersedes EN ISO 17776:2002.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia,

France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta,

Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and the United Kingdom.
Endorsement notice

The text of ISO 17776:2016 has been approved by CEN as EN ISO 17776:2016 without any modification.

---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 17776:2017
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 17776:2017
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 17776
Second edition
2016-12-15
Petroleum and natural gas
industries — Offshore production
installations — Major accident hazard
management during the design of new
installations
Industries du pétrole et du gaz naturel — Installations des plates-
formes en mer — Lignes directrices relatives aux outils et techniques
pour l’identification et l’évaluation des risques
Reference number
ISO 17776:2016(E)
ISO 2016
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 17776:2017
ISO 17776:2016(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2016, Published in Switzerland

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form

or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting on the internet or an intranet, without prior

written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address below or ISO’s member body in the country of

the requester.
ISO copyright office
Ch. de Blandonnet 8 • CP 401
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva, Switzerland
Tel. +41 22 749 01 11
Fax +41 22 749 09 47
copyright@iso.org
www.iso.org
ii © ISO 2016 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 17776:2017
ISO 17776:2016(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

Introduction ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................vi

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms, definitions and abbreviated terms ................................................................................................................................ 1

3.1 Terms and definitions ....................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3.2 Abbreviated terms ............................................................................................................................................................................... 4

4 Major accident hazard management overview ..................................................................................................................... 5

4.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

4.2 Project management commitment ........................................................................................................................................ 5

4.3 Project management accountability ..................................................................................................................................... 6

4.4 Project plan to manage major accident hazards ........................................................................................................ 6

4.5 Objectives of major accident hazard management .................................................................................................. 6

4.6 Selection of hazard evaluation and risk assessment methods ...................................................................... 7

4.7 Good engineering practice ............................................................................................................................................................ 7

4.8 Documentation ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 8

4.8.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................... 8

4.8.2 Register of major accident hazards ................................................................................................................. 9

4.9 Actions management ......................................................................................................................................................................... 9

4.10 Management of change .................................................................................................................................................................... 9

5 Management of major accident hazards in design .........................................................................................................10

5.1 Overview of MA hazard management ..............................................................................................................................10

5.2 Key concepts ..........................................................................................................................................................................................11

5.2.1 Understanding the MA hazards .......................................................................................................................11

5.2.2 Inherently safer design (ISD) .............................................................................................................................12

5.2.3 Design strategies for managing MA hazards.........................................................................................13

5.2.4 Barriers .................................................................................................................................................................................13

5.2.5 Performance standards ...........................................................................................................................................14

5.2.6 Communication with technical and operational teams...............................................................15

6 Screening and concept selection process ................................................................................................................................15

6.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................15

6.2 Objectives..................................................................................................................................................................................................16

6.3 Functional requirements .............................................................................................................................................................17

6.3.1 Screening .............................................................................................................................................................................17

6.3.2 Hazard identification.................................................................................................................................................17

6.3.3 Major accident hazards evaluation ...............................................................................................................17

6.3.4 ISD and barriers.............................................................................................................................................................18

6.3.5 Performance standards ...........................................................................................................................................18

6.3.6 Sufficiency of measures ..........................................................................................................................................18

6.3.7 Documentation ...............................................................................................................................................................18

7 Concept definition and optimization............................................................................................................................................19

7.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................19

7.2 Objectives..................................................................................................................................................................................................20

7.3 Functional requirements .............................................................................................................................................................20

7.3.1 Hazard identification.................................................................................................................................................20

7.3.2 Major accident hazard evaluation ..................................................................................................................20

7.3.3 Risk assessment ...................................................................... .......................................................................................20

7.3.4 Inherently safer design (ISD) .............................................................................................................................20

7.3.5 Barriers .................................................................................................................................................................................21

7.3.6 Performance standards ...........................................................................................................................................21

7.3.7 Sufficiency of measures ..........................................................................................................................................21

7.3.8 Documentation ...............................................................................................................................................................22

© ISO 2016 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 17776:2017
ISO 17776:2016(E)

8 Detailed design and construction phase ..................................................................................................................................22

8.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................22

8.2 Objectives..................................................................................................................................................................................................23

8.3 Functional requirements .............................................................................................................................................................23

8.3.1 Overview ..............................................................................................................................................................................23

8.3.2 Hazard identification.................................................................................................................................................24

8.3.3 Major accident hazards evaluation ...............................................................................................................24

8.3.4 Risk assessment ...................................................................... .......................................................................................24

8.3.5 Inherently safer design (ISD) .............................................................................................................................24

8.3.6 Barriers .................................................................................................................................................................................24

8.3.7 Performance standards ...........................................................................................................................................25

8.3.8 Sufficiency of measures ..........................................................................................................................................25

8.3.9 Register of major accident hazards ..............................................................................................................25

8.3.10 Documentation ...............................................................................................................................................................25

8.3.11 Procurement of equipment ..................................................................................................................................26

8.3.12 Construction, completion and commissioning ...................................................................................26

8.3.13 Transfer to operation ................................................................................................................................................26

8.3.14 Actions management .................................................................................................................................................26

9 Major accident hazard management in operation .........................................................................................................27

9.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................27

9.2 Objectives..................................................................................................................................................................................................27

9.3 Functional requirements .............................................................................................................................................................28

9.3.1 Barrier management .................................................................................................................................................28

9.3.2 Revalidation ......................................................................................................................................................................28

9.3.3 Safety-critical tasks .....................................................................................................................................................28

9.3.4 Temporary changes ....................................................................................................................................................29

9.3.5 Non-availability of barrier performance ..................................................................................................29

9.3.6 Management of change (MOC) .................. ........................................................................................................29

Annex A (informative) Example of a framework for risk-related decision support.........................................31

Annex B (informative) Plan to manage major accident hazards ..........................................................................................32

Annex C (informative) Major accident hazard management identification and evaluation tools .....41

Annex D (informative) Strategy for managing major accident hazards ........................................................................71

Annex E (informative) Barrier system performance standards ...........................................................................................77

Annex F (informative) HAZID guidewords ...................................................................................................................................................80

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................94

iv © ISO 2016 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 17776:2017
ISO 17776:2016(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www.iso.org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www.iso.org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation on the meaning of ISO specific terms and expressions related to conformity assessment,

as well as information about ISO’s adherence to the World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the

Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) see the following URL: www.iso.org/iso/foreword.html.

The committee responsible for this document is ISO/TC 67, Materials, equipment and offshore structures

for petroleum, petrochemical and natural gas industries, Subcommittee SC 6, Processing equipment and

systems.

This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition (ISO 17776:2000), which has been technically

revised and the title changed from Petroleum and natural gas industries — Offshore production

installations — Guidelines on tools and techniques for hazard identification and risk assessment to the

present title.
© ISO 2016 – All rights reserved v
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 17776:2017
ISO 17776:2016(E)
Introduction

The purpose of this document is to establish requirements and provide guidance for the effective

management of major accident (MA) hazards during the design of new offshore installations for the

petroleum and natural gas industries.

The management of MA hazards involves the application of engineering expertise and knowledge to

provide the measures needed to meet the objectives set by the organizations involved in the project

development. A range of tools for evaluating and assessing the likelihood and consequences of MAs

is needed to help select the measures to be implemented, and to judge when sufficient measures have

been provided.

This process is built on the underlying integrity provided by the application of internationally

recognized codes and standards.
This document covers the following main elements:
— establishing general requirements for identifying MA hazards and their causes;
— assessing MA hazards to understand their likelihood and possible consequences;
— developing suitable strategies for managing MA hazards;

— progressively improving the understanding of MA hazards and their consequences to guide design

decisions during the development phases of the installation;
— providing the measures needed to manage all credible MAs;
— maintaining the measures throughout the life of the installation.
The technical content of this document is arranged as follows:
a) objectives: the goals to be achieved;

b) functional requirements: specifying requirements considered necessary to meet the stated

objectives;
c) annexes: guidelines in support of the functional requirements.
This document should be read in conjunction with ISO 13702 and ISO 15544.
vi © ISO 2016 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 12 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 17776:2017
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 17776:2016(E)
Petroleum and natural gas industries — Offshore
production installations — Major accident hazard
management during the design of new installations
1 Scope

This document describes processes for managing major accident (MA) hazards during the design of

offshore oil and gas production installations. It provides requirements and guidance on the development

of strategies both to prevent the occurrence of MAs and to limit the possible consequences. It also

contains some requirements and guidance on managing MA hazards in operation.
This document is applicable to the design of
— fixed offshore structures, and
— floating systems for production, storage and offloading
for the petroleum and natural gas industries.

The scope includes all credible MA hazards with the potential to have a material effect on people, the

environment and assets.

This document is intended for the larger projects undertaken to develop new offshore installations.

However, the principles are also applicable to small or simple projects or design changes to existing

facilities and can also be relevant to onshore production facilities.

Mobile offshore units as defined in this document are excluded, although many of the principles can

be used as guidance. The design of subsea facilities are also excluded, though the effects of mobile and

subsea facilities are considered if they can lead to major accidents that affect an offshore installation.

This document does not cover the construction, commissioning, abandonment or security risks

associated with offshore installations.

The decision to apply the requirements and guidance of this document, in full or in part, is intended to

be based on an assessment of the likelihood and possible consequences of MA hazards.

2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 31000, Risk management — Principles and guidelines
3 Terms, definitions and abbreviated terms
3.1 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the following terms, definitions and abbreviated terms apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/
— ISO Online browsing platform: available at http://www.iso.org/obp
© ISO 2016 – All rights reserved 1
---------------------- Page: 13 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 17776:2017
ISO 17776:2016(E)
3.1.1
barrier

functional grouping of safeguards or controls selected to prevent a major accident or limit the

consequences

Note 1 to entry: Barriers can be subdivided into hardware barriers or human barriers and a

...

Questions, Comments and Discussion

Ask us and Technical Secretary will try to provide an answer. You can facilitate discussion about the standard in here.