Space sustainability - Space debris mitigation requirements (ISO 24113:2011, modified)

This document defines the primary space debris mitigation requirements applicable to all elements of systems launched into, or passing through, near-Earth space, including launch vehicle orbital stages, operating spacecraft and any objects released as part of normal operations or disposal actions.
The requirements contained in this document are intended to reduce the growth of space debris by ensuring that spacecraft and launch vehicle orbital stages are designed, operated and disposed of in a manner that prevents them from generating debris throughout their orbital lifetime.
This document is the top-level standard in a family of standards addressing debris mitigation. It will be the main interface for the user, bridging between the primary debris mitigation requirements and the lower-level implementation standards that will ensure compliance.
This document does not cover launch phase safety for which specific rules are defined elsewhere.
This document identifies the clauses and requirements modified with respect to ISO 24113, Space systems - Space debris mitigation requirements, Second edition 2011-05-15 for application in ECSS.

Nachhaltigkeit im Weltraum - Anforderungen zur Eindämmung des Weltraummülls (ISO 24113:2011, modifiziert)

Durabilité des activités spatiales - Exigences relatives à la réduction des débris (ISO 24113:2011 modifiée)

Le présent document définit les exigences clés relatives à la réduction des débris spatiaux qui s'appliquent à l'ensemble des éléments des systèmes lancés dans l'espace proche terrestre ou le traversant, y compris l'étage orbital des lanceurs, les engins spatiaux actifs et tous les objets rejetés dans le cadre d'opérations normales ou d'actions de retrait de service.
Les exigences contenues dans le présent document ont pour but de réduire l’augmentation des débris spatiaux en s’assurant que les étages orbitaux des engins spatiaux et des lanceurs sont conçus, exploités et retirés du service de sorte à éviter qu’ils ne génèrent des débris durant leur durée de vie en orbite.
Ce document est la norme de plus haut niveau d’une famille de normes traitant de la réduction des débris. Elle constituera l’interface principale pour l’utilisateur, en assurant la liaison entre les principales exigences de réduction des débris et les normes de mise en oeuvre de niveau inférieur qui assureront la conformité.
Le présent document ne couvre pas la sécurité relative à la phase de lancement, pour laquelle des règles spécifiques sont définies par ailleurs.
Le présent document identifie les articles et les exigences de l’ISO 24113, Systèmes spatiaux - Exigences de mitigation des débris spatiaux, deuxième édition du 15 mai 2011, qui ont été modifiés en vue d'une application dans le cadre de l'ECSS.

Vesoljska vzdržljivost - Zahteve za zmanjšanje količine vesoljskih odpadkov (ISO 24113:2011, spremenjen)

Ta dokument opredeljuje prvotne zahteve za zmanjšanje količine vesoljskih odpadkov, ki se uporabljajo za vse elemente sistemov, ki so bili lansirani v blizuzemeljski prostor ali potujejo skozenj, vključno z raketo nosilko v orbiti, delujočim vesoljskim plovilom in katerimi koli predmeti, ki so izvrženi kot del običajnega delovanja ali odstranjevanja.
Zahteve v tem dokumentu so namenjene zmanjšanju povečevanja vesoljskih odpadkov, tako da so vesoljska plovila in rakete nosilke v orbiti načrtovana, delujejo in se odstranijo na način, ki prepreči ustvarjanje odpadkov v času njihovega življenja v orbiti.
Ta dokument je standard najvišje ravni v skupini standardov, ki obravnavajo zmanjšanje odpadkov. To bo glavni vmesnik za uporabnika, most med prvotnimi zahtevami za zmanjšanje količine odpadkov in nižjo ravnjo standarda izvajanja, ki zagotovi skladnost.
Ta dokument ne zajema varnosti pri izstrelitvi, ta pravila so določena drugje.
Ta dokument opredeljuje določbe in zahteve, spremenjene glede na standard ISO 24113 - Vesoljski sistemi - Zahteve za zmanjšanje količine vesoljskih odpadkov, druga izdaja 2011-05-15 za uporabo v sistemih ECSS.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
25-Jun-2019
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing
Due Date
26-Jun-2019
Completion Date
26-Jun-2019

RELATIONS

Buy Standard

Standard
EN 16604-10:2019 - BARVE na PDF-str 10
English language
17 pages
sale 10% off
Preview
sale 10% off
Preview

e-Library read for
1 day

Standards Content (sample)

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 16604-10:2019
01-september-2019
Nadomešča:
SIST EN 16604-10:2014
Vesoljska vzdržljivost - Zahteve za zmanjšanje količine vesoljskih odpadkov (ISO
24113:2011, spremenjen)

Space sustainability - Space debris mitigation requirements (ISO 24113:2011, modified)

Nachhaltigkeit im Weltraum - Anforderungen zur Eindämmung des Weltraummülls (ISO
24113:2011, modifiziert)

Développement durable de l’espace - Exigences relatives à la réduction des débris

spatiaux (ISO 24113:2011, modifiée)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 16604-10:2019
ICS:
13.030.99 Drugi standardi v zvezi z Other standards related to
odpadki wastes
49.140 Vesoljski sistemi in operacije Space systems and
operations
SIST EN 16604-10:2019 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST EN 16604-10:2019
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST EN 16604-10:2019
EUROPEAN STANDARD EN 16604-10
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
June 2019
ICS 49.140
Supersedes EN 16604-10:2014
English version
Space sustainability - Space debris mitigation
requirements (ISO 24113:2011, modified)

Durabilité des activités spatiales - Exigences relatives à Nachhaltigkeit im Weltraum - Anforderungen zur

la réduction des débris (ISO 24113:2011 modifiée) Eindämmung des Weltraummülls (ISO 24113:2011,

modifiziert)
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 4 February 2019.

CEN and CENELEC members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for

giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical

references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to

any CEN and CENELEC member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN and CENELEC member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC

Management Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN and CENELEC members are the national standards bodies and national electrotechnical committees of Austria, Belgium,

Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy,

Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia,

Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and United Kingdom.
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre:
Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2019 CEN/CENELEC All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means Ref. No. EN 16604-10:2019 E

reserved worldwide for CEN national Members and for
CENELEC Members.
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST EN 16604-10:2019
EN 16604-10:2019 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 4

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 5

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 5

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 5

4 Symbols and abbreviated terms ................................................................................................................ 7

4.1 Symbols ............................................................................................................................................................... 7

4.2 Abbreviated terms .......................................................................................................................................... 7

5 Protected regions ............................................................................................................................................ 8

5.1 General ................................................................................................................................................................ 8

5.2 LEO protected region ..................................................................................................................................... 8

5.3 GEO protected region ..................................................................................................................................... 8

6 Technical requirements................................................................................................................................ 9

6.1 Avoiding the intentional release of space debris into Earth orbit during normal

operations .......................................................................................................................................................... 9

6.1.1 General ................................................................................................................................................................ 9

6.1.2 Combustion-related products..................................................................................................................... 9

6.2 Avoiding break-ups in Earth orbit ............................................................................................................ 9

6.2.1 Intentional break-ups .................................................................................................................................... 9

6.2.2 Accidental break-ups ..................................................................................................................................... 9

6.3 Removing a spacecraft or launch vehicle orbital stage from the protected regions

after end of mission ..................................................................................................................................... 10

6.3.1 Probability of successful disposal .......................................................................................................... 10

6.3.2 GEO disposal manoeuvres ......................................................................................................................... 10

6.3.3 LEO disposal manoeuvres ......................................................................................................................... 10

6.3.4 Re-entry ........................................................................................................................................................... 11

7 Space debris mitigation plan ................................................................................................................... 11

Annex A (informative) Probability of successful disposal ............................................................................ 12

A.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 12

A.2 Case 1 ................................................................................................................................................................ 12

A.3 Case 2 ................................................................................................................................................................ 13

A.4 Case 3 ................................................................................................................................................................ 13

Annex B (informative) Post-launch life cycle phases of a launch vehicle or spacecraft .................... 15

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 17

---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
SIST EN 16604-10:2019
EN 16604-10:2019 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN 16604-10:2019) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/CLC/JTC 5

“Space”, the secretariat of which is held by DIN.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by December 2019, and conflicting national standards

shall be withdrawn at the latest by December 2019.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes EN 16604-10:2014.

This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the

European Free Trade Association.

This document (EN 16604-10:2019) originates from ISO 24113:2011 taking into account the

specificities of the ECSS Adoption Notice ECSS-U-AS-10C "Space sustainability — Adoption Notice of

ISO 24113: Space systems — Space debris mitigation requirements".

EN 16604-10:2019 is a merge of EN 16604-10:2014 and ISO 24113:2011, resulting in one European

Standard containing all requirements for Space debris mitigation.

This document has been developed to cover specifically space systems and has therefore precedence

over any EN covering the same scope but with a wider domain of applicability (e.g.: aerospace).

Context information:

The Standard ISO 24113, Space systems — Space debris mitigation requirements, has been developed by

ISO TC20/SC 14. The key space debris mitigation requirements have been thoroughly discussed at

international level, agreed by the ISO members and published as ISO 24113.

Aiming at the development of world wide implementation standards dealing with space debris

mitigation, ECSS has proactively contributed to the preparation of ISO 24113.

ECSS decided to adopt and apply ISO 24133 with a minimum set of modifications, identified in the

present document, to account for the reference and applicable space debris mitigation documents

existing in Europe and of the needs of the ECSS members.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland,

Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of

North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the

United Kingdom.
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
SIST EN 16604-10:2019
EN 16604-10:2019 (E)
Introduction

Space debris comprises all non-functional, man-made objects, including fragments and elements

thereof, in Earth orbit or re-entering the Earth's atmosphere. The growing population of these objects

poses an increasing hazard to missions. In response to this problem, there is international consensus

that space activities need to be managed to minimize debris generation and risk. This consensus is

embodied in space debris mitigation guidelines published by organizations such as the International

[1] [2][3]

Telecommunication Union (ITU) , the Inter-Agency Space Debris Coordination Committee (IADC)

[4]

and the United Nations (UN) . The transformation of debris mitigation guidelines into engineering

practice is a key purpose of this Standard.
[5]

The importance of this Standard can be seen within the context of four UN treaties that were

established under the United Nations Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space (UNCOPUOS) to

govern the involvement of nations in space activities. These are the Outer Space Treaty, the Liability

Convention, the Registration Convention and the Rescue Agreement. Through some of these treaties, a

Launching State has total liability for damage caused by its spacecraft or launch vehicle orbital stages

(or any parts thereof) on the surface of the Earth or to aircraft in flight, as well as in outer space where

fault can be proven.

All countries are encouraged to abide by these international agreements in order not to endanger or

constrain existing and future space missions. A Launching State can choose to appoint licensing or

regulatory authorities to administer its approach for complying with the above-mentioned UN treaties.

In several Launching States, these authorities have implemented national legislation to enforce the UN

treaties. Such legislation can include the mitigation of space debris. Some Launching States meet their

obligations by appointing non-regulatory government bodies, such as national space agencies, to

provide the necessary guidelines or requirements, including those for space debris mitigation.

The general aim of space debris mitigation is to reduce the growth of space debris by ensuring that

spacecraft and launch vehicle orbital stages are designed, operated and disposed of in a manner that

prevents them from generating debris throughout their orbital lifetime. This is achieved by the

following actions:

a) avoiding the intentional release of space debris into Earth orbit during normal operations;

b) avoiding break-ups in Earth orbit;

c) removing spacecraft and launch vehicle orbital stages from protected orbital regions after end of

mission;

d) performing the necessary actions to minimize the risk of collision with other space objects.

Such actions are especially important for a spacecraft or launch vehicle orbital stage that has one or

more of the following characteristics:
— a large collision cross-section;
— remains in orbit for many years;
— operates near manned mission orbital regions;
— operates in highly utilized regions, such as protected regions;
— operates in regions of high debris population.

This Standard transforms these objectives into a set of high-level debris mitigation requirements.

Methods and processes to enable compliance with these requirements are provided in a series of lower-

level implementation standards.
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
SIST EN 16604-10:2019
EN 16604-10:2019 (E)
1 Scope

This document defines the primary space debris mitigation requirements applicable to all elements of

systems launched into, or passing through, near-Earth space, including launch vehicle orbital stages,

operating spacecraft and any objects released as part of normal operations or disposal actions.

The requirements contained in this document are intended to reduce the growth of space debris by

ensuring that spacecraft and launch vehicle orbital stages are designed, operated and disposed of in a

manner that prevents them from generating debris throughout their orbital lifetime.

This document is the top-level standard in a family of standards addressing debris mitigation. It will be

the main interface for the user, bridging between the primary debris mitigation requirements and the

lower-level implementation standards that will ensure compliance.

This document does not cover launch phase safety for which specific rules are defined elsewhere.

This document identifies the clauses and requirements modified with respect to ISO 24113, Space

systems — Space debris mitigation requirements, Second edition 2011-05-15 for application in ECSS.

2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

EN ISO 9000:2005, Quality management systems — Fundamentals and vocabulary (ISO 9000:2005)

3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in EN ISO 9000:2005 and the

following apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

• IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/
• ISO Online browsing platform: available at http://www.iso.org/obp
3.1
approving agent

entity from whom approval is sought for the implementation of space debris mitigation requirements

with respect to the procurement of a spacecraft, or its launch, or its operations in space, or a

combination of those activities

EXAMPLE Regulatory or licensing authorities; national or international space agencies.

3.2
break-up

event that destroys an object and generates fragments that are released into space

3.3
casualty risk
probability that a person is killed or seriously injured
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
SIST EN 16604-10:2019
EN 16604-10:
...

Questions, Comments and Discussion

Ask us and Technical Secretary will try to provide an answer. You can facilitate discussion about the standard in here.