This document defines comprehensive quality requirements for fusion welding of metallic materials
both in workshops and at field installation sites.

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This document defines comprehensive quality requirements for fusion welding of metallic materials both in workshops and at field installation sites.

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This document defines elementary quality requirements for fusion welding of metallic materials both
in workshops and at field installation sites.

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This European Standard specifies requirements for the;
-   approval of training facilities, testing and maintaining the skills of aluminothermic welders and welding trainers. It applies to those aluminothermic welding processes compliant with the requirements of EN 14730-1. It requires that the system for training and testing of welders shall be approved by the railway authority.
-   approval of aluminothermic welding contractors. It applies to those contractors using aluminothermic welding processes compliant with the requirements of EN 14730-1 and who employ welders in the possession of a valid permit to weld as defined in section 4 of this standard.
-   acceptance of the final aluminothermic weld inspections and aluminothermic weld inspectors approved by the railway authority. It does not cover any previous weld inspections by the welder or others.
The standard also applies to aluminothermic welds produced on Vignole railway rail 46 kg/m and above, as contained in EN 13674-1.

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This document establishes a vocabulary of terms and definitions for resistance spot welding, projection
welding and seam welding.
NOTE In addition to terms used in English and French, two of the three official ISO languages, this document
gives the equivalent terms in German; these are published under the responsibility of the member body for
Germany (DIN). However, only the terms and definitions given in the official languages can be considered as ISO
terms and definitions.

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This document specifies requirements for resistance spot welding in the fabrication of assemblies of
aluminium sheet, extrusions (both work- and age-hardening alloys) and/or cast material comprising
two or three thicknesses of metal, where the maximum single (sheet) thickness of components to be
welded is within the range 0,6 mm to 6 mm.
This document is applicable to the welding of sheets or plates of dissimilar thickness where the
thickness ratio is less than or equal to 3:1. It applies to the welding of three thicknesses where the total
thickness is less than or equal to 9 mm.
Welding with the following types of machines is within the scope of this document:
— pedestal welding machines;
— gun welders;
— automatic welding equipment where the components are fed by robots or automatic feeding
equipment;
— multi-welders;
— robotic welders.
Information on appropriate welding equipment is given in Annex A and on spot welding conditions in
Annex B. The latter are for guidance only and can require modification depending on service conditions
of the fabrication, type of welding equipment, characteristics of the secondary circuit, electrode
material and geometry.
The welding of coated material, e.g. zinc-coated or anodized material, is outside the scope of this
document.

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This document defines friction stir spot welding (FSSW) process terms and definitions.
In this document, the term "aluminium" refers to aluminium and its alloys.

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This document specifies the requirements for the content of welding procedure specifications for the Friction Stir Spot welding (FSSW) of aluminium.
In this document, the term "aluminium" refers to aluminium and its alloys

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This document specifies a method to determine the capability of a manufacturer to use friction stir spot welding (FSSW) for production of products of the specified quality.
It specifies quality requirements, but does not assign those requirements to any specific product group.
In this document, the term "aluminium" refers to aluminium and its alloys.

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This document specifies requirements for resistance spot welding in the fabrication of assemblies of aluminium sheet, extrusions (both work- and age-hardening alloys) and/or cast material comprising two or three thicknesses of metal, where the maximum single (sheet) thickness of components to be welded is within the range 0,6 mm to 6 mm. This document is applicable to the welding of sheets or plates of dissimilar thickness where the thickness ratio is less than or equal to 3:1. It applies to the welding of three thicknesses where the total thickness is less than or equal to 9 mm. Welding with the following types of machines is within the scope of this document: — pedestal welding machines; — gun welders; — automatic welding equipment where the components are fed by robots or automatic feeding equipment; — multi-welders; — robotic welders. Information on appropriate welding equipment is given in Annex A and on spot welding conditions in Annex B. The latter are for guidance only and can require modification depending on service conditions of the fabrication, type of welding equipment, characteristics of the secondary circuit, electrode material and geometry. The welding of coated material, e.g. zinc-coated or anodized material, is outside the scope of this document.

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This series of standards applies to welding of metallic materials in the manufacture and maintenance of railway vehicles and their components.
This part of the series defines the classification levels as well as the requirements for manufacturers of welded railway vehicles and components.

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This document defines terms related to friction stir welding.
In this document, the term “aluminium” refers to aluminium and its alloys.

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This document specifies requirements for the qualification of welding operators for friction stir welding
(FSW) of aluminium. In this document, the term “aluminium” refers to aluminium and its alloys.
This document does not apply to “operators” as defined in ISO 25239-1.
This document does not apply to friction stir spot welding which is covered by the ISO 18785 series.

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This document specifies the requirements for the specification and qualification of welding procedures
for the friction stir welding (FSW) of aluminium.
In this document, the term “aluminium” refers to aluminium and its alloys.
This document does not apply to friction stir spot welding which is covered by the ISO 18785 series.
NOTE Service requirements, materials or manufacturing conditions can require more comprehensive
testing than is specified in this document.

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This document specifies a method for determining the capability of a manufacturer to use the friction
stir welding (FSW) process for the production of products of the specified quality. It specifies quality
requirements, but does not assign those requirements to any specific product group.
In this document, the term “aluminium” refers to aluminium and its alloys.
This document does not apply to friction stir spot welding which is covered by the ISO 18785 series.

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This document specifies design requirements for friction stir weld joints.
In this document, the term “aluminium” refers to aluminium and its alloys.
This document does not apply to friction stir spot welding which is covered by the ISO 18785 series.

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This document specifies the method of testing the knowledge and skill of a welder who is required to carry out welds on thermoplastics in new constructions and repair work.
The skill examination of a welder is an essential condition for the assurance of the quality of the welding work.
The application of this document guarantees that the examination is carried out according to a uniform test procedure.
This document applies when the contractor or the authorities responsible for the application require it.
Gas and water utility network industries with alternative qualification programmes are excluded from this document.
This document applies to the following welding processes:
-   hot gas welding: round nozzle, high speed nozzle, wedge;
-   extrusion welding;
-   heated tool welding: butt, saddle, socket, wedge;
-   electrofusion welding: socket, saddle;
-   solvent welding: socket.
This document applies to the welding of the following products:
-   sheet;
-   pipe;
-   fittings;
-   lining membrane.
This document covers the welding of the following groups of materials:
a)   for sheets, pipes and fittings:
-   group 1: PVC (including all kinds of PVC-U, PVC-C) or ABS;
-   group 2: PP (including all kinds of PP);
-   group 3: PE (including all kinds of PE);
-   group 4: PVDF;
-   group 5: ECTFE or PFA or FEP;
b)   for lining membranes and flooring:
-   group 6: PVC-P;
-   group 7: PE (including all kinds of PE);
-   group 8: ECB;
-   group 9: PP.
c)   for pipes and fittings only:
-   group 10: PA-U 11 or PA-U 12.

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This document specifies design requirements for friction stir weld joints. In this document, the term "aluminium" refers to aluminium and its alloys. This document does not apply to friction stir spot welding which is covered by the ISO 18785 series.

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This document specifies a method for determining the capability of a manufacturer to use the friction stir welding (FSW) process for the production of products of the specified quality. It specifies quality requirements, but does not assign those requirements to any specific product group. In this document, the term "aluminium" refers to aluminium and its alloys. This document does not apply to friction stir spot welding which is covered by the ISO 18785 series.

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This document specifies the requirements for the specification and qualification of welding procedures for the friction stir welding (FSW) of aluminium. In this document, the term "aluminium" refers to aluminium and its alloys. This document does not apply to friction stir spot welding which is covered by the ISO 18785 series. NOTE Service requirements, materials or manufacturing conditions can require more comprehensive testing than is specified in this document.

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This document defines terms related to friction stir welding. In this document, the term "aluminium" refers to aluminium and its alloys.

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This document specifies requirements for the qualification of welding operators for friction stir welding (FSW) of aluminium. In this document, the term "aluminium" refers to aluminium and its alloys. This document does not apply to "operators" as defined in ISO 25239‑1. This document does not apply to friction stir spot welding which is covered by the ISO 18785 series.

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This document is part of a series of standards dealing with specification and qualification of welding procedures. Annex A gives details of this series of standards, Annex B gives a table for the use of these standards, and Annex C gives a flow diagram for the development and qualification of a WPS. This document defines general rules for the specification and qualification of welding procedures for metallic materials. This document also refers to several other standards as regards detailed rules for specific applications. This document is applicable to manual, partly mechanized, fully mechanized and automated welding. Welding procedures are qualified by conforming to one or more welding procedure qualification records (WPQR). The use of a particular method of qualification is often a requirement of an application standard. It is assumed that welding procedure specifications are used in production by competent welders, qualified in accordance with the relevant part of ISO 9606 or by competent operators qualified in accordance with ISO 14732.

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This document specifies requirements for the content of welding procedure specifications for gas welding processes. Details of the ISO 15609 series are given in ISO 15607. The variables listed in this document are those influencing the quality of the welded joint.

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This document specifies requirements for the content of welding procedure specifications for arc welding processes. Details of the ISO 15609 series are given in ISO 15607. The variables listed in this document are those influencing the quality of the welded joint.

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ISO 15614-7:2016 specifies how a preliminary welding procedure specification for overlay welding is qualified by welding procedure tests.
ISO 15614-7:2016 defines the conditions for execution of welding procedure tests and the range of qualification for welding procedures for all practical welding operations within the range of variables listed in Clause 8.
ISO 15614-7:2016 applies to all welding processes suitable for overlay welding. In situations where qualification is carried out on a pre-production test piece, the qualification is performed in accordance with ISO 15613 except that, as far as possible, the testing is according to this part of ISO 15614. Building up and repair of parent metal is covered by ISO 15613 or ISO 15614‑1.
This edition of ISO 15614‑7 is applicable to all new welding procedure qualification tests. It does not invalidate previous welding procedure tests made in accordance with previous editions of this part of ISO 15614. Where additional tests are required by the present edition, it is only necessary that those additional tests be carried out on a test piece made in accordance with the existing WPS and this part of ISO 15614.
If buttering is used for welding between dissimilar materials, the welding procedure is qualified in accordance with ISO 15614‑1. This buttering may be required for weld combining different material structure or properties, e.g. joining martensitic steels or ferritic steels with austenitic steels.
Additional tests may be required by application standards.

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ISO 15614-7:2016 specifies how a preliminary welding procedure specification for overlay welding is qualified by welding procedure tests.
ISO 15614-7:2016 defines the conditions for execution of welding procedure tests and the range of qualification for welding procedures for all practical welding operations within the range of variables listed in Clause 8.
ISO 15614-7:2016 applies to all welding processes suitable for overlay welding. In situations where qualification is carried out on a pre-production test piece, the qualification is performed in accordance with ISO 15613 except that, as far as possible, the testing is according to this part of ISO 15614. Building up and repair of parent metal is covered by ISO 15613 or ISO 15614‑1.
This edition of ISO 15614‑7 is applicable to all new welding procedure qualification tests. It does not invalidate previous welding procedure tests made in accordance with previous editions of this part of ISO 15614. Where additional tests are required by the present edition, it is only necessary that those additional tests be carried out on a test piece made in accordance with the existing WPS and this part of ISO 15614.
If buttering is used for welding between dissimilar materials, the welding procedure is qualified in accordance with ISO 15614‑1. This buttering may be required for weld combining different material structure or properties, e.g. joining martensitic steels or ferritic steels with austenitic steels.
Additional tests may be required by application standards.

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This document is part of a series of standards dealing with specification and qualification of welding procedures. Annex A gives details of this series of standards, Annex B gives a table for the use of these standards, and Annex C gives a flow diagram for the development and qualification of a WPS.
This document defines general rules for the specification and qualification of welding procedures for metallic materials. This document also refers to several other standards as regards detailed rules for specific applications.
This document is applicable to manual, partly mechanized, fully mechanized and automated welding.
Welding procedures are qualified by conforming to one or more welding procedure qualification records (WPQR). The use of a particular method of qualification is often a requirement of an application standard.
It is assumed that welding procedure specifications are used in production by competent welders, qualified in accordance with the relevant part of ISO 9606 or by competent operators qualified in accordance with ISO 14732.

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This document is part of a series of standards dealing with specification and qualification of welding procedures. Annex A gives details of this series of standards, Annex B gives a table for the use of these standards, and Annex C gives a flow diagram for the development and qualification of a WPS. This document defines general rules for the specification and qualification of welding procedures for metallic materials. This document also refers to several other standards as regards detailed rules for specific applications. This document is applicable to manual, partly mechanized, fully mechanized and automated welding. Welding procedures are qualified by conforming to one or more welding procedure qualification records (WPQR). The use of a particular method of qualification is often a requirement of an application standard. It is assumed that welding procedure specifications are used in production by competent welders, qualified in accordance with the relevant part of ISO 9606 or by competent operators qualified in accordance with ISO 14732.

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This document specifies requirements for the content of welding procedure specifications for gas welding processes.
Details of the ISO 15609 series are given in ISO 15607. The variables listed in this document are those influencing the quality of the welded joint.

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This document specifies requirements for the content of welding procedure specifications for arc welding processes.
Details of the ISO 15609 series are given in ISO 15607. The variables listed in this document are those influencing the quality of the welded joint.

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This document identifies the essential welding quality related tasks and responsibilities included in
welding coordination.
The principle of an assessment according to this document is that welding coordination personnel need
to be competent in the welding-related tasks allocated to them.
It is presumed that welding coordination personnel have the necessary education, qualifications and
experience and are appointed by the manufacturer.
Regulatory documents, application standards and contracts can give specific requirements for welding
coordination personnel. Otherwise, it is the responsibility of the manufacturer to determine the
requirements to be in compliance with this document.

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This document specifies requirements for the friction welding of components manufactured from metals.
It specifies requirements particular to rotational friction welding related to welding knowledge, quality
requirements, welding procedure specification, welding procedure approval and welding personnel.
This document is appropriate where a contract, an application standard or a regulatory requirement
requires the demonstration of the manufacturer's capability to produce welded constructions
of a specified quality. It has been prepared in a comprehensive manner to be used as a reference in
contracts. The requirements given can be adopted in full or some can be deleted, if not relevant to the
construction concerned.

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This document specifies requirements for the content of welding procedure specifications for gas welding processes. Details of the ISO 15609 series are given in ISO 15607. The variables listed in this document are those influencing the quality of the welded joint.

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This document specifies requirements for the content of welding procedure specifications for arc welding processes. Details of the ISO 15609 series are given in ISO 15607. The variables listed in this document are those influencing the quality of the welded joint.

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This document specifies requirements for the friction welding of components manufactured from metals.
It specifies requirements particular to rotational friction welding related to welding knowledge, quality requirements, welding procedure specification, welding procedure approval and welding personnel.
This document is appropriate where a contract, an application standard or a regulatory requirement requires the demonstration of the manufacturer's capability to produce welded constructions of a specified quality. It has been prepared in a comprehensive manner to be used as a reference in contracts. The requirements given can be adopted in full or some can be deleted, if not relevant to the construction concerned.

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This document specifies requirements for the friction welding of components manufactured from metals. It specifies requirements particular to rotational friction welding related to welding knowledge, quality requirements, welding procedure specification, welding procedure approval and welding personnel. This document is appropriate where a contract, an application standard or a regulatory requirement requires the demonstration of the manufacturer's capability to produce welded constructions of a specified quality. It has been prepared in a comprehensive manner to be used as a reference in contracts. The requirements given can be adopted in full or some can be deleted, if not relevant to the construction concerned.

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This International Standard specifies the requirements for the qualification for welding and testing personnel of micro-joining of 2G HTS to fulfil the ISO 17279-1 and ISO 17279-3 requirements.

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This European Standard gives general recommendations for the fusion welding of stainless steels. Specific details relevant to austenitic, austenitic-ferritic, ferritic and martensitic stainless are given in annexes A to D.

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This International Standard specifies terms and definitions, specification and qualification of 2G HTS joining
procedure. A welding procedure specification (WPS) is needed to provide a basis for planning joining
operations and for quality control during joining. Joining is considered as a special process in the terminology
of standards for quality systems. Standards for quality systems usually require that special processes be
carried out in accordance with written procedure specifications. This has resulted in the establishment of a set
of rules for qualification of the joining procedure prior to the release of the WPS to actual production. This part
of ISO 17279 defines these rules.
This standard does not cover soldering, brazing or any fillers, which are currently available in the industry.
This International Standard can be applied for joining of all kinds of 2G HTSs. This standard does not apply to
1st Generation Bismuth Strontium Calcium Copper Oxide (1G BSCCO) type HTS and Low Temperature
Superconductor (LTS) Joining.

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This European Standard gives general guidance for laser beam welding and associated processes of metallic materials in all forms of product (e.g. cast, wrought, extruded, forged).
NOTE   Some guidance on laser beam cutting, drilling, surface treatment and cladding is given in Annex F.

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This European Standard specifies requirements for the approval of a welding process in a fixed plant, together with the requirements for subsequent welding production.
It applies to new Vignole railway rails R220, R260, R260Mn and R350HT grade rails of 46 kg/m and above, as contained in EN 13674-1, welded by a flash butt welding process in a fixed plant and intended for use on railway infrastructure.
This European Standard applies to the welding of rails into welded strings.

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This Standard specifies the processing and quality assurance requirements for the different types of metallic welding (manual, automatic, semi-automatic and machine) for space flight applications.  
The Standard covers all welding processes used for joining metallic materials for space applications. This includes, but is not limited to:
•   Gas Tungsten Arc Welding (GTAW) / Tungsten Inert Gas (TIG), (process 14)
•   Gas Metal Arc Welding (GMAW) / Metal Inert Gas (MIG) (process 13)
•   Plasma Arc Welding (PAW) / Plasma of Transferred Arc (PTA), (process 15)
•   Electron beam welding (EBW), (process 51)
•   Laser beam welding (LBW), (process 52)
•   Friction Stir welding (process 43)
•   Magnetic Pulse welding (process 442)
•   Linear friction welding (process 42)
•   Rotary friction welding (process 42)
The specific process numbers mentioned above are listed according to the standard ISO 4063.
This Standard does not cover the weld repair.
This standard may be tailored for the specific characteristic and constrains of a space project in conformance with ECSS-S-ST-00.

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This document specifies requirements for the approval of a welding process in a fixed plant, together with the requirements for subsequent welding production.
It applies to new Vignole railway rails R220, R260, R260Mn, R320Cr, R350HT, R350LHT, R370CrHT and R400HT grade rails of 46 kg/m and above, as contained in EN 13674 1, welded by a flash butt welding process in a fixed plant and intended for use on railway infrastructure.
This document applies to the welding of rails into welded strings.

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This document gives general recommendations for the fusion welding of stainless steels. Specific details relevant to austenitic, austenitic-ferritic, ferritic and martensitic stainless steels are given in Annexes A to D.

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This document gives general guidance for laser beam welding and associated processes of metallic materials in all forms of product (e.g. cast, wrought, extruded, forged).
NOTE   Some guidance on laser beam cutting, drilling, surface treatment and cladding is given in Annex F.

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This Standard specifies the processing and quality assurance requirements for the different types of metallic welding (manual, automatic, semi-automatic and machine) for space flight applications. This standard can also be used for weld activities on space related ground equipment and development models for flight hardware. The Standard covers all welding processes used for joining metallic materials for space applications. This includes, but is not limited to:
-   Gas Tungsten Arc Welding (GTAW) / Tungsten Inert Gas (TIG), (process 14)
-   Gas Metal Arc Welding (GMAW) / Metal Inert Gas (MIG) (process 13)
-   Plasma Arc Welding (PAW) / Plasma of Transferred Arc (PTA), (process 15)
-   Electron beam welding (EBW), (process 51)
-   Laser beam welding (LBW), (process 52)
-   Friction Stir welding (process 43)
-   Magnetic Pulse welding (process 442)
-   Linear friction welding (process 42)
-   Rotary friction welding (process 42)
The specific process numbers mentioned above are listed according to the standard ISO 4063:2009.
This Standard does not detail the weld definition phase and welding pre-verification phase, including the derivation of design allowables.
This standard may be tailored for the specific characteristic and constraints of a space project in conformance with ECSS-S-ST-00.

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