Characterization of bulk materials - Determination of a size-weighted fine fraction and crystalline silica content - Part 2: Calculation method

This document specifies the determination of the size-weighted fine fraction (SWFF) and the size-weighted fine fraction of crystalline silica (SWFFCS) in bulk materials by calculation. The document also specifies the assumptions and preconditions to be fulfilled for this method to be valid.
The purpose of this document is to allow users to evaluate bulk materials regarding their size-weighted fine fraction and crystalline silica content.
NOTE   For preparation of the sample and determination of crystalline silica by X-ray Powder Diffractometry (XRD) or Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FT-IR), see EN 17289-1.
The calculation method is applicable only after experiments have shown that the results are accurate and consistently equal or higher than the results from sedimentation, as specified in EN 17289 3, for that particular bulk material.
A specific method for the evaluation of the SWFF for diatomaceous earth bulk materials is given in Annex A. Due to the internal porosity of diatomaceous earth, the general instructions given in this document are adapted in order to take into account the material’s effective density.
This document is applicable for crystalline silica containing bulk materials which have been fully investigated and validated for the evaluation of the size-weighted fine fraction and crystalline silica.

Charakterisierung von Schüttgütern - Bestimmung einer größengewichteten Feinfraktion und des Anteils an kristallinem Quarz - Teil 2: Berechnungsverfahren

Dieses Dokument legt die Bestimmung der größengewichteten Feinfraktion (SWFF) und der größengewichteten Feinfraktion von kristallinem Quarz (SWFFCS) in Schüttgütern durch Berechnung fest. Das Dokument legt auch die Annahmen und Voraussetzungen fest, die zu erfüllen sind, damit dieses Verfahren gültig ist.
Der Zweck dieses Dokuments besteht darin, Anwendern die Bewertung von Schüttgütern hinsichtlich deren größengewichteter Feinfraktion und des Gehalts an kristallinem Quarz zu ermöglichen.
ANMERKUNG   Zur Probenvorbereitung und zur Bestimmung von kristallinem Quarz durch Röntgenpulver-diffraktometrie (XRD) und Fourier-Transformations-Infrarot-Spektroskopie (FT IR) siehe EN 17289-1.
Das Berechnungsverfahren ist nur anwendbar, nachdem Experimente gezeigt haben, dass die Ergebnisse genau und durchweg gleich sind oder höher ausfallen als die für dieses spezielle Schüttgut durch Sedimentation erzielten Ergebnisse, wie in EN 17289-3 festgelegt ist.
Ein spezifisches Verfahren zur Bewertung des SWFF für Schüttgüter aus Diatomeenerde ist in Anhang A angegeben. Aufgrund der inneren Porosität von Diatomeenerde, sind die in diesem Dokument enthaltenen allgemeinen Anweisungen angepasst, um die effektive Dichte des Materials zu berücksichtigen.
Dieses Dokument ist für kristallinen Quarz enthaltende Schüttgüter anwendbar, die zur Bewertung der größengewichteten Feinfraktion und des kristallinen Quarzes untersucht und validiert wurden.

Caractérisation des matériaux en vrac - Détermination de la fraction fine pondérée par taille et de la teneur en silice cristalline - Partie 2 : Méthode par calcul

Le présent document spécifie la détermination par calcul de la fraction fine pondérée par taille (SWFF) et de la fraction fine de silice cristalline pondérée par taille (SWFFCS) dans des matériaux en vrac. Le document spécifie également les hypothèses et les conditions préalables à respecter pour que cette méthode soit valable.
L’objectif du présent document est de permettre aux utilisateurs d’évaluer des matériaux en vrac en ce qui concerne leur fraction fine pondérée par taille et leur teneur en silice cristalline.
NOTE   Pour la préparation de l’échantillon et le dosage de la silice cristalline par l’analyse de poudre par diffraction de rayons X (XRD) ou la spectroscopie infrarouge à transformée de Fourier (FT-IR), voir l’EN 17289-1.
La méthode par calcul n’est applicable qu’après avoir démontré, par des expériences, que les résultats sont exacts et constamment supérieurs ou égaux aux résultats obtenus par la méthode par sédimentation, telle que spécifiée dans l’EN 17289-3, pour le matériau en vrac considéré.
Une méthode spécifique pour l’évaluation de la SWFF de matériaux en vrac à base de terre de diatomées est donnée dans l’Annexe A. En raison de la porosité interne des terres de diatomées, les instructions générales données dans le présent document sont adaptées afin de prendre en compte la masse volumique effective du matériau.
Le présent document s’applique aux matériaux en vrac contenant de la silice cristalline, qui ont été entièrement étudiés et validés pour l’évaluation de la fraction fine pondérée par taille et de la silice cristalline.

Karakterizacija razsutih materialov - Določanje velikostno utežene fine frakcije in deleža kristaliničnega kremena - 2. del: Metoda izračuna

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
22-Dec-2020
Withdrawal Date
29-Jun-2021
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing
Start Date
23-Dec-2020
Due Date
03-May-2021
Completion Date
23-Dec-2020

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 17289-2:2021
01-februar-2021
Karakterizacija razsutih materialov - Določanje velikostno utežene fine frakcije in
deleža kristaliničnega kremena - 2. del: Metoda izračuna
Characterization of bulk materials - Determination of a size-weighted fine fraction and
crystalline silica content - Part 2: Calculation method
Charakterisierung von Schüttgütern - Bestimmung einer größengewichteten Feinfraktion
und des Anteils an kristallinem Quarz - Teil 2: Sedimentationsverfahren
Caractérisation des matériaux en vrac - Détermination de la fraction fine pondérée par
taille et de la teneur en silice cristalline - Partie 2 : Méthode par calcul
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 17289-2:2020
ICS:
13.040.30 Kakovost zraka na delovnem Workplace atmospheres
mestu
SIST EN 17289-2:2021 en,fr,de
2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST EN 17289-2:2021

---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST EN 17289-2:2021


EN 17289-2
EUROPEAN STANDARD

NORME EUROPÉENNE

December 2020
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 13.040.30
English Version

Characterization of bulk materials - Determination of a
size-weighted fine fraction and crystalline silica content -
Part 2: Calculation method
Caractérisation des matériaux en vrac - Détermination Charakterisierung von Schüttgütern - Bestimmung
de la fraction fine pondérée par taille et de la teneur en einer größengewichteten Feinfraktion und des Anteils
silice cristalline - Partie 2 : Méthode par calcul an kristallinem Quarz - Teil 2: Berechnungsverfahren
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 4 October 2020.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this
European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references
concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN
member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by
translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management
Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,
Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,
Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and
United Kingdom.





EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION

EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG

CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels
© 2020 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 17289-2:2020 E
worldwide for CEN national Members.

---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST EN 17289-2:2021
EN 17289-2:2020 (E)
Contents Page
European foreword . 3
Introduction . 4
1 Scope . 6
2 Normative references . 6
3 Terms and definitions . 6
4 Symbols and abbreviations . 7
5 Assumptions . 7
6 Determination of SWFF and SWFFCS by calculation . 7
Annex A (normative) Determination of the size-weighted fine fraction (SWFF and SWFFCS)
of Diatomaceous Earth (DE) by calculation . 9
A.1 General . 9
A.2 Categories of diatomaceous earth . 9
A.3 Equipment and consumables . 9
A.4 Method . 9
A.5 Determination of SWFF by calculation . 11
A.6 Determination of SWFFCS . 12
A.7 Example . 12
Bibliography . 14

2

---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
SIST EN 17289-2:2021
EN 17289-2:2020 (E)
European foreword
This document (EN 17289-2:2020) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 137
“Assessment of workplace exposure to chemical and biological agents”, the secretariat of which is held
by DIN.
This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an
identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by June 2021, and conflicting national standards shall be
withdrawn at the latest by June 2021.
Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of
patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.
According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organisations of the
following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,
Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland,
Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of
North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the
United Kingdom.

3

---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
SIST EN 17289-2:2021
EN 17289-2:2020 (E)
Introduction
A method was developed in the industrial minerals industry for the purpose of determining the “size-
weighted relevant fine fraction” within the bulk material. This document sets out the methods which
can be used to measure and calculate the fine fraction of the bulk material and the fine fraction of the
crystalline silica, in several types of bulk materials. This information provides additional information to
users for their risk assessment and to compare bulk materials. It has been used in the industry and by
institutes previously under the acronym SWeRF. EN 17289 (all parts) is based on that industrial
method and specifies the analytical methods to determine the difference between materials with coarse
quartz and fine quartz, for example, sands versus flour.
As further activities with the material (intentional or otherwise) can change the particle size
distribution, the size-weighted fine fraction can also change. Therefore, the method reports (in terms of
the mass fraction in the bulk material in percent) both, the total crystalline silica (CS) and the estimated
size-weighted fine fraction of CS.
Conventions as specified in EN 481 can be used as input for this document. However, the output of this
document is not related to the respirable fraction at the workplace and cannot be used to replace
workplace exposure measurements.
EN 17289 (all parts) specifies two procedures that can be used to estimate the size-weighted fine
fraction (SWFF) in bulk materials. It also specifies how the SWFF, once separated, can be further
analysed to measure the content of crystalline silica (SWFFCS). The method can be used for comparing
the fine fraction in different bulk samples. EN 17289 (all parts) uses the term fine fraction to indicate
that it does not analyse airborne particles, but it evaluates the proportion of particles in a bulk material
that, based on their particle size, have a potential to be respirable if they were to become airborne.
EN 17289 (all parts) also allows for the size-weighted fine fraction of crystalline silica (SWFFCS)
particles in bulk materials to be evaluated in terms of mass fraction in percent, if the fraction separated
is subsequently analysed by a suitable method.
In a comparison of similar bulk materials, in which the particle size distribution is the only variable, the
SWFF can provide useful information to guide material selection. For example, leaving all other factors
aside, a bulk material with a lower SWFF value can pose less of a risk in terms of potential occupational
exposure. For the actual exposure at the workplace, the handling etc. of the material, will play a major
role.
Concentrations of respirable dust, or respirable crystalline silica (RCS), in the workplace air, resulting
from processing and handling of bulk materials, will depend on a wide variety of factors and these
concentrations cannot be estimated using SWFF or SWFFCS values. SWFF and SWFFCS values are not
intended for workplace exposure assessments as they have no direct relationship with occupational
exposure.
The evaluation of bulk materials using SWFF is complementary to determining the dustiness according
to EN 15051-1 [1].
The difference between EN 17289 (all parts) and EN 15051-1 is that SWFF quantifies the fine fraction in
a bulk material while dustiness quantifies the respirable, thoracic and inhalable dust made airborne
from the bulk material after a specific activity (dustiness characterizes the material with relation to the
workplace atmosphere when working with the bulk material).
4

---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
SIST EN 17289-2:2021
EN 17289-2:2020 (E)
EN 17289 Characterization of bulk materials — Determination of a size-weighted fine fraction and
crystalline silica content consists of the following parts:
— Part 1: General information and choice of test methods;
— Part 2: Calculation method;
— Part 3: Sedimentation method.
NOTE This document is intended for use by laboratory experts who are familiar with FT-IR, XRD methods,
PSD measurements and other analytical procedures. It is not the intention of this document to provide instruction
in the fundamental analytical techniques.
5

---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
SIST EN 17289-2:2021
EN 17289-2:2020 (E)
1 Scope
This document specifies the determination of the size-weighted fine fraction (SWFF) and the size-
weighted fine fraction of crystalline silica (SWFFCS) in bulk materials by calculation. The document also
specifies the assumptions and preconditions to be fulfilled for this method to be valid.
The purpose of this document is to allow users to evaluate bulk materials regarding their size-weighted
fine fraction and crystalline silica content.
NOTE For preparation of the sample and determination of crystalline silica by X-ray Powder Diffractometry
(XRD) or Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FT-IR), see EN 17289-1.
The calculation method is applicable only after experiments have shown that the results are accurate
and consistently equal or higher than the results from sedimentation, as specified in EN 17289-3, for
that particular bulk material.
A specific method for the evaluation of the SWFF for diatomaceous earth bulk materials is given in
Annex A. Due to the internal porosity of diatomaceous earth, the general instructions given in this
document are adapted in order to take into account the material’s effective density.
This document is applicable for crystalline silica containing bulk materials which have been fully
investigated and validated for the evaluation of the size-weighted fine fraction and crystalline silica.
2 Normative references
The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content
constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For
undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.
EN 481, Workplace atmospheres — Size fraction definitions for measurement of airborne particles
EN 1540, Workplace exposure — Terminology
EN 17289-1:2020, Characterization of bulk materials — Determination of a size-weighted fine fraction
and crystalline silica content — Part 1: General information and choice of test methods
ISO 1183-1, Plastics — Methods for determining the density of non-cellular plastics — Part 1: Immersion
method, liquid pycnometer method and titration
ISO 13317-1, Determination of particle size distribution by gravitational liquid sedimentation methods —
Part 1: General principles and guidelines
ISO 13317-2, Determination of particle size distribution by gravitational liquid sedimentation methods —
Part 2: Fixed pipette method
ISO 13320, Particle size analysis — Laser diffraction methods
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the terms and
...

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
oSIST prEN 17289-2:2019
01-februar-2019
[Not translated]
Characterization of bulk materials - Determination of a sizeweighted fine fraction and
crystalline silica content - Part 2: Sedimentation method
Charakterisierung von Schüttgütern - Bestimmung einer größengewichteten Feinfraktion
und des Anteils an kristallinem Quarz - Teil 2: Sedimentationsverfahren
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: prEN 17289-2
ICS:
13.040.30 Kakovost zraka na delovnem Workplace atmospheres
mestu
oSIST prEN 17289-2:2019 en,fr,de
2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 17289-2:2019

---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 17289-2:2019


DRAFT
EUROPEAN STANDARD
prEN 17289-2
NORME EUROPÉENNE

EUROPÄISCHE NORM

January 2019
ICS 13.040.30
English Version

Characterization of bulk materials - Determination of a
sizeweighted fine fraction and crystalline silica content -
Part 2: Sedimentation method
 Charakterisierung von Schüttgütern - Bestimmung
einer größengewichteten Feinfraktion und des Anteils
an kristallinem Quarz - Teil 2:
Sedimentationsverfahren
This draft European Standard is submitted to CEN members for enquiry. It has been drawn up by the Technical Committee
CEN/TC 137.

If this draft becomes a European Standard, CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations
which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration.

This draft European Standard was established by CEN in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other
language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC
Management Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,
Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,
Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,
Turkey and United Kingdom.

Recipients of this draft are invited to submit, with their comments, notification of any relevant patent rights of which they are
aware and to provide supporting documentation.

Warning : This document is not a European Standard. It is distributed for review and comments. It is subject to change without
notice and shall not be referred to as a European Standard.


EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION

EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG

CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels
© 2019 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. prEN 17289-2:2019 E
worldwide for CEN national Members.

---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 17289-2:2019
prEN 17289-2:2019 (E)
Contents Page
European foreword . 3
Introduction . 4
1 Scope . 6
2 Normative references . 6
3 Terms and definitions . 6
4 Symbols and abbreviations . 7
5 Assumptions . 7
6 Determination of SWFF and SWFFCS by calculation . 7
Annex A (informative) Determination of the size weighted fine fraction (SWFF) of
Diatomaceous Earth (DE) by calculation . 9
A.1 General . 9
A.2 Categories of diatomaceous earth . 9
A.3 Equipment and consumables . 9
A.4 Method . 9
A.4.1 Determination of the skeletal density . 9
A.4.2 Determination of the intra-particular pore volume and intra-particle porosity . 10
A.4.3 Calculation of the effective density . 11
A.4.4 Particle size analysis . 11
A.5 Determination of SWFF by calculation . 11
A.6 Determination of SWFF . 12
CS
A.7 Example . 12
Bibliography . 13

2

---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 17289-2:2019
prEN 17289-2:2019 (E)
European foreword
This document (prEN 17289-2:2019) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 137
“Assessment of workplace exposure to chemical and biological agents”, the secretariat of which is held
by DIN.
This document is currently submitted to the CEN Enquiry.
3

---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 17289-2:2019
prEN 17289-2:2019 (E)
Introduction
A method was developed in the industrial minerals industry for the purpose of determining the “size
weighted relevant fine fraction” within the bulk material. This method provides the necessary
information to the users and allows them to compare bulk materials, by measuring the fine fraction, in
order for them to select the safest materials. It has been used in the industry and by institutes
previously under the acronym SWeRF. EN 17289 (all parts) is based on that industrial method and
describes the analytical methods to determine the difference between materials with coarse quartz and
fine quartz, e.g. sands versus flour.
As further activities with the material (intentional or otherwise) might change the particle size
distribution, the size weighted fine fraction might also change. Therefore, the method reports (in terms
of the mass percentages in the bulk material) both, the total CS and the estimated size weighted fine
fraction of CS.
Conventions as described in EN 481 can be used as input for this document. However, the output of this
document is not related to the respirable fraction and cannot be used for workplace exposure
measurements.
EN 17289 (all parts) describes two procedures that can be used to estimate the size weighted fine
fraction (SWFF) in bulk materials. It also describes how the SWFF, once separated, can be further
analysed to measure the content of crystalline silica (SWFF ). The method can be used for comparing
cs
the fine fraction in different bulk samples. EN 17289 (all parts) uses the term fine fraction to indicate
that it does not analyse airborne particles, but it evaluates the proportion of particles in a bulk material
that, based on their particle size, have a potential to be respirable if they were to become airborne.
EN 17289 (all parts) also allows for the size weighted fine fraction of crystalline silica (SWFF ) particles
cs
in bulk materials to be evaluated in terms of mass fraction in percent, if the fraction separated is
subsequently analysed by a suitable method.
In a comparison of similar bulk materials, in which the particle size distribution is the only variable, the
SWFF can provide useful information to guide material selection. For example, leaving all other factors
aside, a bulk material with a lower SWFF value can pose less of a risk in terms of potential occupational
exposure. For the actual exposure at the workplace, the handling etc of the material, will play a major
role.
Concentrations of respirable dust, or respirable crystalline silica (RCS), in the workplace air, resulting
from processing and handling of bulk materials, will depend on a wide variety of factors and these
concentrations cannot be estimated using SWFF or SWFFcs values. SWFF and SWFFcs values are not to
be used for occupational exposure assessments as they have no relationship with occupational
exposure.
The evaluation of bulk materials using SWFF is complementary to determining the dustiness according
to EN 15051-1 [1].
The difference between EN 17289 (all parts) and EN 15051-1 is that SWFF quantifies the fine fraction in
a bulk material while dustiness quantifies the respirable, thoracic and inhalable dust made airborne
from the bulk material after a specific activity (it characterizes the material with relation to the
workplace atmosphere when working with the bulk material).
4

---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 17289-2:2019
prEN 17289-2:2019 (E)
EN 17289 Characterization of bulk materials — Determination of a size-weighted fine fraction and
crystalline silica content consists of the following parts:
— Part 1: General information and choice of test methods;
— Part 2: Calculation method;
— Part 3: Sedimentation method.
Part 1 gives information on how to choose the most appropriate method as well as a guideline for the
determination of crystalline silica. A calculation method based on particle size distribution is described
in Part 2. Part 3 describes a method using sedimentation.
5

---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 17289-2:2019
prEN 17289-2:2019 (E)
1 Scope
This document specifies the determination of the size weighted fine fraction (SWFF) and the size
weighted fine fraction of crystalline silica (SWFF ) in bulk materials by calculation. The document also
CS
describes the assumptions and preconditions to be fulfilled in order for this method to be valid.
The purpose of this document is to allow users to evaluate bulk materials with regard to their size-
weighted fine fraction and crystalline silica content.
The calculation method is applicable only after experiments have shown that the results are accurate
and consistently equal or higher than the results from sedimentation, as described in
prEN 17289-3:2018, for that particular bulk material.
For preparation of the sample and determination of crystalline silica by XRD and FT-IR see
prEN 17289-1:2018.
A specific method for the evaluation of the SWFF for diatomaceous earth bulk materials is given in
Annex A. Due to the internal porosity of diatomaceous earth, the general instructions given in this
document are adapted in order to take into account the material’s effective density.
This document is applicable for bulk materials which have been fully investigated and validated. The
criteria for the materials are described in this document and prEN 17289-3:2018. This includes
industrial minerals which can contain crystalline silica such as quartz, clay, kaolin, talc, feldspar, mica,
cristobalite, vermiculite, diatomaceous earth, barite, andalusite, iron ore, chromite etc.
2 Normative references
The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content
constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For
undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.
EN 1540:2011, Workplace exposure - Terminology
EN 481, Workplace atmospheres - Size fraction definitions for measurement of airborne particles
prEN 17289-1:2019, Characterization of bulk materials – Determination of a size-weighted fine fraction
and crystalline silica content — Part 1: General information and choice of test methods
prEN 17289-3:2019, Characterization of bulk materials – Determination of a size-weighted fine fraction
and crystalline silica content — Part 3: Sedimentation method
ISO 1183-1, Plastics — Methods for determining the density of non-cellular
...

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