Aerospace series - Technical drawings - Representation of parts made of composite materials - Part 5: Seams

This standard specifies the representation of seams of composite materials as well as the information to be indicated in technical drawings.
It is applicable to aerospace structures using items linked by seams in dry fabrics, prepregs, film, etc.
It shall be used together with EN 4408-1.

Luft- und Raumfahrt - Technische Zeichnungen - Darstellung von Teilen aus Verbundwerkstoffen - Teil 5: Nähte

Diese Norm legt die Darstellung von Nähten aus Verbundwerkstoffen sowie die Informationen, die auf technischen Zeichnungen angegeben werden müssen, fest.
Die Norm kommt auf Luft- und Raumfahrtstrukturen zur Anwendung, in denen Teile verwendet werden, die durch Nähte in trockenen Geweben, vorprägnierten Geweben, Filmen usw. verbunden sind.
Sie muss zusammen mit EN 4408 001 verwendet werden.

Série aérospatiale - Dessins techniques - Représentation des articles en matériaux composites - Partie 5 : Coutures

Aeronavtika – Tehniške risbe – Prikaz delov, izdelanih iz kompozitov – 5. del: Šivi

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
10-May-2005
Technical Committee
Drafting Committee
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing
Due Date
11-May-2005
Completion Date
11-May-2005

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 4408-005:2005
01-september-2005

Aeronavtika – Tehniške risbe – Prikaz delov, izdelanih iz kompozitov – 5. del: Šivi

Aerospace series - Technical drawings - Representation of parts made of composite

materials - Part 5: Seams
Luft- und Raumfahrt - Technische Zeichnungen - Darstellung von Teilen aus
Verbundwerkstoffen - Teil 5: Nähte

Série aérospatiale - Dessins techniques - Représentation des articles en matériaux

composites - Partie 5 : Coutures
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 4408-005:2005
ICS:
01.100.99 'UXJLVWDQGDUGLY]YH]LV Other standards related to
WHKQLþQLPULVDQMHP technical drawings
49.020 Letala in vesoljska vozila na Aircraft and space vehicles in
splošno general
SIST EN 4408-005:2005 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN 4408-005:2005
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SIST EN 4408-005:2005
EUROPEAN STANDARD
EN 4408-005
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
May 2005
ICS 01.100.99; 49.020
English version
Aerospace series - Technical drawings - Representation of parts
made of composite materials - Part 5: Seams

Série aérospatiale - Dessins techniques - Représentation Luft- und Raumfahrt - Technische Zeichnungen -

des articles en matériaux composites - Partie 5 : Coutures Darstellung von Teilen aus Verbundwerkstoffen - Teil 5:

Nähte
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 15 July 2004.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European

Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national

standards may be obtained on application to the Central Secretariat or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation

under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the Central Secretariat has the same status as the official

versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France,

Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia,

Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
Management Centre: rue de Stassart, 36 B-1050 Brussels

© 2005 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 4408-005:2005: E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN 4408-005:2005
EN 4408-005:2005 (E)
Contents Page

Foreword ..........................................................................................................................................................3

Introduction......................................................................................................................................................4

1 Scope...................................................................................................................................................5

2 Normative references.........................................................................................................................5

3 Terms and definitions.........................................................................................................................5

4 Seams made by fibre grafting ............................................................................................................7

4.1 Design parameters..............................................................................................................................7

4.2 Representation in the graft table .......................................................................................................7

4.3 Representation on the image .............................................................................................................7

5 Sewn seam..........................................................................................................................................9

5.1 Design parameters..............................................................................................................................9

5.2 Representation symbols in the sewing table....................................................................................9

5.3 Representation on the image .............................................................................................................9

5.4 Recommended stitches....................................................................................................................10

Annex A (informative) Examples of stitches ................................................................................................11

A.1 1-thread chain stitch.........................................................................................................................11

A.1.1 Barred witch stitch or cross stitch ..................................................................................................11

A.1.2 Shell scalloping stitch ......................................................................................................................11

A.1.3 Front stitch or slip stitch ..................................................................................................................12

A.1.4 Lockstitch..........................................................................................................................................12

A.1.5 Zigzag stitch......................................................................................................................................13

A.2 2-thread chain stitch.........................................................................................................................13

Bibliography...................................................................................................................................................15

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SIST EN 4408-005:2005
EN 4408-005:2005 (E)
Foreword

This document (EN 4408-005:2005) has been prepared by the European Association of Aerospace

Manufacturers - Standardization (AECMA-STAN).

After enquiries and votes carried out in accordance with the rules of this Association, this Standard has

received the approval of the National Associations and the Official Services of the member countries of

AECMA, prior to its presentation to CEN.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical

text or by endorsement, at the latest by November 2005, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn

at the latest by November 2005.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following

countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Czech Republic,

Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland

and the United Kingdom.
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SIST EN 4408-005:2005
EN 4408-005:2005 (E)
Introduction

This document makes reference to textile standards which quote two types of seams, these being:

 assembly seam;
 reinforcing seam.

The assembly seam undergoes a mechanical effort which is not the case of the holding seam. This distinction

may appear necessary in the case of dry fabrics, whereas in aerospace applications there is a systematic

curing or densification, therefore it would appear difficult to distinguish them as far as the ready-for-use

product is concerned.
The technical definition of seams is required for reinforcing seams.
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SIST EN 4408-005:2005
EN 4408-005:2005 (E)
1 Scope

This standard specifies the representation of seams of composite materials as well as the information to be

indicated in technical drawings.

It is applicable to aerospace structures using items linked by seams in dry fabrics, prepregs, film, etc.

It shall be used together with EN 4408-001.
2 Normative references

The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated

references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced

document (including any amendments) applies.

EN 4408-001, Aerospace series – Technical drawings – Representation of parts made of composite materials

– Part 1: General rules.
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in EN 4408-001 and the following apply.

3.1
assembly seam (retention)
it cannot endure any notable effort in using the item
3.2
fibre grafting

action of changing the direction of fibres in an element with or without penetration in another element

3.3
lacing
liaison obtained by a continuous link passed through previously perforated holes
3.4
needling

consolidation of a fibre lap by entanglement using numerous penetrations of spring needles

Needling is a means of fibre grafting (see Figure 1).
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SIST EN 4408-005:2005
EN 4408-005:2005 (E)
Manufacturing 4 5
direction
Key
1 Superposed fibre lap
2 Spring needles
3 Entangled fibres
4 Support fabric
5 Fibres pulled through when needling
Figure 1
3.5
percentage of grafted fibres

quantity of fibres grafted compared to the total quantity of fibres in a basic element, which implies a

homogeneous distribution of grafting points in the area in question
3.6
reinforcing seam
it endures an important part of the effort impo
...

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