Specification for radio disturbance and immunity measuring apparatus and methods - Part 1-1: Radio disturbance and immunity measuring apparatus - Measuring apparatus

This part of CISPR 16 specifies the characteristics and performance of equipment for the
measurement of radio disturbance in the frequency range 9 kHz to 18 GHz. In addition,
requirements are provided for specialized equipment for discontinuous disturbance
measurements.
NOTE In accordance with IEC Guide 107, CISPR 16-1-1 is a basic electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) standard
for use by product committees of the IEC. As stated in Guide 107, product committees are responsible for
determining the applicability of a basic EMC standard. CISPR and its subcommittee are prepared to co-operate
with product committees in the evaluation of the value of particular EMC tests for specific products.
The specifications in this document apply to electromagnetic interference (EMI) receivers and
spectrum analyzers. The term “measuring receiver” used in this document refers to both EMI
receivers and spectrum analyzers (see also 3.7). The calibration requirements for measuring
receivers are detailed in Annex J.
Further guidance on the use of spectrum analyzers can be found in Annex B of any one of the
following documents: CISPR 16-2-1:2014, CISPR 16-2-2:2010, or CISPR 16-2-3: 2016.

Anforderungen an Geräte und Einrichtungen sowie Festlegung der Verfahren zur Messung der hochfrequenten Störaussendung (Funkstörungen) und Störfestigkeit - Teil 1-1: Geräte und Einrichtungen zur Messung der hochfrequenten Störaussendung (Funkstörungen) und Störfestigkeit - Messgeräte

Spécification des méthodes et des appareils de mesure des perturbations radioélectriques et de l'immunité aux perturbations radioélectriques - Partie 1-1: Appareils de mesure des perturbations radioélectriques et de l'immunité aux perturbations radioélectriques - Appareils de mesure

Specifikacija merilnih naprav in metod za merjenje radijskih motenj in odpornosti - 1-1. del: Merilne naprave za merjenje radijskih motenj in odpornosti - Merilne naprave

Ta del standarda CISPR 16 določa značilnosti in učinkovitost opreme za merjenje radijskih motenj v frekvenčnem območju od 9 kHz do 18 GHz. Poleg tega so podane zahteve za specializirano opremo za merjenje občasnih motenj.
OPOMBA: V skladu z vodilom IEC 107 je standard CISPR 16-1-1 osnovni standard o elektromagnetni združljivosti (EMC), ki ga uporabljajo tehnični odbori v okviru Mednarodne elektrotehniške komisije (IEC). Kot je navedeno v Vodilu 107, so za ugotavljanje uporabe osnovnega standarda o elektromagnetni združljivosti odgovorni tehnični odbori. Odbor CISPR in njegov pododbor sta pripravljena sodelovati s tehničnimi odbori pri vrednotenju posebnih preskusov elektromagnetne združljivosti za ustrezne izdelke.
Specifikacije v tem dokumentu se uporabljajo za sprejemnike elektromagnetnih motenj (EMI) in analizatorje spektra. V tem dokumentu uporabljeni izraz »merilni sprejemnik« se navezuje na sprejemnike elektromagnetnih motenj in analizatorje spektra (glej tudi točko 3.7). Zahteve za umerjanje merilnih sprejemnikov so podrobno opredeljene v dodatku J.
Dodatna navodila o uporabi analizatorjev spektra so na voljo v dodatku B katerega koli od naslednjih dokumentov: CISPR 16-2-1:2014, CISPR 16-2-2:2010 ali CISPR 16-2-3: 2016.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
11-Jul-2019
Current Stage
6060 - Document made available
Due Date
12-Jul-2019
Completion Date
12-Jul-2019

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN IEC 55016-1-1:2019
01-september-2019
Nadomešča:
SIST EN 55016-1-1:2010
SIST EN 55016-1-1:2010/A1:2010
SIST EN 55016-1-1:2010/A2:2014

Specifikacija merilnih naprav in metod za merjenje radijskih motenj in odpornosti -

1-1. del: Merilne naprave za merjenje radijskih motenj in odpornosti - Merilne
naprave

Specification for radio disturbance and immunity measuring apparatus and methods -

Part 1-1: Radio disturbance and immunity measuring apparatus - Measuring apparatus

Anforderungen an Geräte und Einrichtungen sowie Festlegung der Verfahren zur

Messung der hochfrequenten Störaussendung (Funkstörungen) und Störfestigkeit - Teil

1-1: Geräte und Einrichtungen zur Messung der hochfrequenten Störaussendung
(Funkstörungen) und Störfestigkeit - Messgeräte
Spécifications des méthodes et des appareils de mesure des perturbations

radioélectriques et de l'immunité aux perturbations radioélectriques - Partie 1-1:

Appareils de mesure des perturbations radioélectriques et de l'immunité aux
perturbations radioélectriques - Appareils de mesure
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN IEC 55016-1-1:2019
ICS:
17.220.20 Merjenje električnih in Measurement of electrical
magnetnih veličin and magnetic quantities
33.100.20 Imunost Immunity
SIST EN IEC 55016-1-1:2019 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST EN IEC 55016-1-1:2019
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST EN IEC 55016-1-1:2019
EUROPEAN STANDARD EN IEC 55016-1-1
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
July 2019
ICS 33.100.10 Supersedes EN 55016-1-1:2010 and all of its
amendments and corrigenda (if any)
English Version
Specification for radio disturbance and immunity measuring
apparatus and methods - Part 1-1: Radio disturbance and
immunity measuring apparatus - Measuring apparatus
(CISPR 16-1-1:2019)

Spécification des méthodes et des appareils de mesure des Anforderungen an Geräte und Einrichtungen sowie

perturbations radioélectriques et de l'immunité aux Festlegung der Verfahren zur Messung der hochfrequenten

perturbations radioélectriques - Partie 1-1: Appareils de Störaussendung (Funkstörungen) und Störfestigkeit - Teil 1-

mesure des perturbations radioélectriques et de l'immunité 1: Geräte und Einrichtungen zur Messung der

aux perturbations radioélectriques - Appareils de mesure hochfrequenten Störaussendung (Funkstörungen) und

(CISPR 16-1-1:2019) Störfestigkeit - Messgeräte
(CISPR 16-1-1:2019)

This European Standard was approved by CENELEC on 2019-06-26. CENELEC members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC

Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration.

Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC

Management Centre or to any CENELEC member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation

under the responsibility of a CENELEC member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the

same status as the official versions.

CENELEC members are the national electrotechnical committees of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, the Czech Republic,

Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the

Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and the United Kingdom.
European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization
Comité Européen de Normalisation Electrotechnique
Europäisches Komitee für Elektrotechnische Normung
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2019 CENELEC All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CENELEC Members.

Ref. No. EN IEC 55016-1-1:2019 E
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST EN IEC 55016-1-1:2019
EN IEC 55016-1-1:2019 (E)
European foreword

The text of document CIS/A/1290/FDIS, future edition 5 of CISPR 16-1-1, prepared by CISPR SC A "Radio-

interference measurements and statistical methods" of CISPR "International special committee on radio

interference" was submitted to the IEC-CENELEC parallel vote and approved by CENELEC as

EN IEC 55016‑1-1:2019.
The following dates are fixed:

• latest date by which the document has to be implemented at national level by (dop) 2020-03-26

publication of an identical national standard or by endorsement

• latest date by which the national standards conflicting with the (dow) 2022-06-26

document have to be withdrawn

This document supersedes EN 55016-1-1:2010 and all of its amendments and corrigenda (if any).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. CENELEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supports essential requirements of EU Directive(s).
Endorsement notice

The text of the International Standard CISPR 16-1-1:2019 was approved by CENELEC as a European Standard

without any modification.

In the official version, for Bibliography, the following notes have to be added for the standards indicated:

CISPR 15:2018 NOTE Harmonized as EN 55015:2018 (not modified)
CISPR 25:2016 NOTE Harmonized as EN 55025:2017 (not modified)
CISPR 32:2015 NOTE Harmonized as EN 55032:2015 (not modified)
CISPR 16-2 (series) NOTE Harmonized as EN 55016-2-4 (series)
Under preparation. Stage at the time of publication: FprEN 55015:2018
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SIST EN IEC 55016-1-1:2019
EN IEC 55016-1-1:2019 (E)
Annex ZA
(normative)
Normative references to international publications
with their corresponding European publications

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content constitutes

requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the

latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

NOTE 1 Where an International Publication has been modified by common modifications, indicated by (mod), the relevant EN/HD applies.

NOTE 2 Up-to-date information on the latest versions of the European Standards listed in this annex is available here: www.cenelec.eu.

Publication Year Title EN/HD Year
CISPR 11 (mod) 2015 Industrial, scientific and medical EN 55011 2016
equipment - Radio-frequency disturbance
characteristics - Limits and methods of
measurement
+ A1 2016 + A1 2017
+ A2 2019 - -
CISPR 14-1 2016 Electromagnetic compatibility - EN 55014-1 2017
Requirements for household appliances,
electric tools and similar apparatus - Part
1: Emission
CISPR 16-2-1 2014 Specification for radio disturbance and EN 55016-2-1 2014
immunity measuring apparatus and
methods - Part 2-1: Methods of
measurement of disturbances and
immunity - Conducted disturbance
measurements
CISPR 16-2-2 2010 Specification for radio disturbance and EN 55016-2-2 2011
immunity measuring apparatus and
methods - Part 2-2: Methods of
measurement of disturbances and
immunity - Measurement of disturbance
power
CISPR 16-2-3 - Specification for radio disturbance and EN 55016-2-3 -
immunity measuring apparatus and
methods - Part 2-3: Methods of
measurement of disturbances and
immunity - Radiated disturbance
measurements
CISPR/TR 16-3:2010 2010 Specification for radio disturbance and - -
immunity measuring apparatus and
methods - Part 3: CISPR technical reports
+ A1 2012 - -
+ A2 2015 - -
IEC 60050-161 1990 I nternational Electrotechnical Vocabulary. - -
Chapter 161: Electromagnetic
compatibility
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
SIST EN IEC 55016-1-1:2019
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SIST EN IEC 55016-1-1:2019
CISPR 16-1-1
Edition 5.0 2019-05
INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD
NORME
INTERNATIONALE
colour
inside
INTERNATIONAL SPECIAL COMMITTEE ON RADIO INTERFERENCE
COMITÉ INTERNATIONAL SPÉCIAL DES PERTURBATIONS RADIOÉLECTRIQUES
BASIC EMC PUBLICATION
PUBLICATION FONDAMENTALE EN CEM
Specification for radio disturbance and immunity measuring apparatus and
methods –
Part 1-1: Radio disturbance and immunity measuring apparatus – Measuring
apparatus
Spécifications des méthodes et des appareils de mesure des perturbations
radioélectriques et de l'immunité aux perturbations radioélectriques –
Partie 1-1: Appareils de mesure des perturbations radioélectriques et de
l’immunité aux perturbations radioélectriques – Appareils de mesure
INTERNATIONAL
ELECTROTECHNICAL
COMMISSION
COMMISSION
ELECTROTECHNIQUE
INTERNATIONALE
ICS 33.100.10 ISBN 978-2-8322-6918-3

Warning! Make sure that you obtained this publication from an authorized distributor.

Attention! Veuillez vous assurer que vous avez obtenu cette publication via un distributeur agréé.

® Registered trademark of the International Electrotechnical Commission
Marque déposée de la Commission Electrotechnique Internationale
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
SIST EN IEC 55016-1-1:2019
– 2 – CISPR 16-1-1:2019 © IEC 2019
CONTENTS

FOREWORD ........................................................................................................................... 7

INTRODUCTION ................................................................................................................... 10

1 Scope ............................................................................................................................ 11

2 Normative references .................................................................................................... 11

3 Terms and definitions .................................................................................................... 12

4 Fundamental characteristics of a measuring receiver..................................................... 16

4.1 General ................................................................................................................. 16

4.2 Input impedance ................................................................................................... 17

4.3 Sine-wave voltage tolerance ................................................................................. 17

4.4 Overall pass-band selectivity ................................................................................ 17

4.5 Bandwidth ............................................................................................................. 19

4.6 Frequency tuning tolerance ................................................................................... 20

4.7 Intermediate frequency rejection ratio ................................................................... 20

4.8 Image frequency rejection ratio ............................................................................. 20

4.9 Other spurious responses ..................................................................................... 20

4.10 Limitation of intermodulation effects ...................................................................... 21

4.11 Limitations of receiver noise and internally-generated spurious signals ................. 22

4.11.1 Random noise ............................................................................................... 22

4.11.2 Continuous wave ........................................................................................... 22

4.12 Limitation of radio-frequency emissions from the measuring receiver .................... 22

4.12.1 Conducted emissions..................................................................................... 22

4.12.2 Radiated emissions ....................................................................................... 22

4.13 Facilities for connection to a discontinuous disturbance analyzer .......................... 23

5 Quasi-peak measuring receivers for the frequency range 9 kHz to 1 000 MHz ............... 23

5.1 General ................................................................................................................. 23

5.2 Response to pulses .............................................................................................. 23

5.2.1 Amplitude relationship (absolute calibration) .................................................. 23

5.2.2 Variation with repetition frequency (relative calibration) ................................. 23

6 Measuring receivers with peak detector for the frequency range 9 kHz to 18 GHz ......... 27

6.1 General ................................................................................................................. 27

6.2 Charge and discharge time constants ratio ........................................................... 27

6.3 Overload factor ..................................................................................................... 28

6.4 Response to pulses .............................................................................................. 28

7 Measuring receivers with average detector for the frequency range 9 kHz to

18 GHz .......................................................................................................................... 28

7.1 General ................................................................................................................. 28

7.2 Overload factor ..................................................................................................... 29

7.3 Response to pulses .............................................................................................. 29

7.3.1 Amplitude relationship ................................................................................... 29

7.3.2 Variation with repetition frequency ................................................................. 30

7.3.3 Response to intermittent, unsteady and drifting narrowband

disturbances .................................................................................................. 30

8 Measuring receivers with RMS-average detector for the frequency range 9 kHz to

18 GHz .......................................................................................................................... 32

8.1 General ................................................................................................................. 32

8.2 Overload factor ..................................................................................................... 32

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8.3 Response to pulses .............................................................................................. 32

8.3.1 Construction details ....................................................................................... 32

8.3.2 Amplitude relationship ................................................................................... 33

8.3.3 Variation with repetition frequency ................................................................. 33

8.3.4 Response to intermittent, unsteady and drifting narrowband

disturbances .................................................................................................. 34

9 Measuring receivers for the frequency range 1 GHz to 18 GHz with amplitude

probability distribution (APD) measuring function ........................................................... 34

10 Discontinuous disturbance analyzers ............................................................................. 35

10.1 General ................................................................................................................. 35

10.2 Fundamental characteristics ................................................................................. 36

10.3 Test method for the validation of the performance check for the click

analyzer ................................................................................................................ 43

10.3.1 Basic requirements ........................................................................................ 43

10.3.2 Additional requirements ................................................................................. 44

Annex A (normative) Determination of response to repeated pulses of quasi-peak and

RMS-average measuring receivers (see 3.6, 5.2.2, 8.2 and 8.3) ........................................... 45

A.1 General ................................................................................................................. 45

A.2 Response of the pre-detector stages ..................................................................... 45

A.3 Response of the quasi-peak detector to the output of preceding stages ................ 47

A.3.1 General ......................................................................................................... 47

A.3.2 Response of the indicating instrument to the signal from the detector ............ 48

A.4 Response of the RMS detector to the output voltage of preceding stages ............. 49

A.4.1 Output voltage and amplitude relationship ..................................................... 49

A.4.2 Calculation of overload factor ........................................................................ 50

A.5 Relationship between the indication of the RMS meter and the quasi-peak

meter .................................................................................................................... 50

Annex B (normative) Determination of pulse generator spectrum (See 5.2, 6.4, 7.2, 8.3) ..... 52

B.1 Pulse generator .................................................................................................... 52

B.1.1 General ......................................................................................................... 52

B.1.2 The spectrum of the generated pulses ........................................................... 52

B.2 General method of measurement .......................................................................... 52

Annex C (normative) Accurate measurements of the output of nanosecond pulse

generators (see 5.2, 6.4, 7.2, 8.3) ......................................................................................... 54

C.1 Measurement of impulse area (A ) .................................................................... 54

imp

C.1.1 General ......................................................................................................... 54

C.1.2 Area method .................................................................................................. 54

C.1.3 Standard transmission line method ................................................................ 54

C.1.4 Harmonic measurement ................................................................................. 55

C.1.5 Energy method .............................................................................................. 55

C.2 Pulse generator spectrum ..................................................................................... 55

Annex D (normative) Influence of the quasi-peak measuring receiver characteristics

on its pulse response (see 5.2.2) .......................................................................................... 56

Annex E (normative) Response of average and peak measuring receivers (see 4.5) ............ 57

E.1 Response of pre-detector stages .......................................................................... 57

E.2 Overload factor ..................................................................................................... 57

E.3 Relationship between the indication of an average and a quasi-peak

measuring receiver ............................................................................................... 58

E.4 Peak measuring receivers ..................................................................................... 59

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SIST EN IEC 55016-1-1:2019
– 4 – CISPR 16-1-1:2019 © IEC 2019
E.5 Relationship between indication of a peak and a quasi-peak measuring

receiver ................................................................................................................ 59

E.6 Test of measuring receiver response above 1 GHz to pulses ................................ 60

E.7 Measurement of the impulse bandwidth of a measuring receiver ........................... 62

E.7.1 General ......................................................................................................... 62

E.7.2 Method 1: Measurement by comparison of the responses of B to two
imp
pulses with identical amplitude and width with low and high pulse

repetition frequencies (PRF) .......................................................................... 62

E.7.3 Method 2: Measurement by comparison of the response of B to an
imp
impulsive signal with the response of a narrow bandwidth to the same

signal ............................................................................................................ 64

E.7.4 Method 3: Integration of the normalized linear selectivity function .................. 64

Annex F (normative) Performance check of the exceptions from the definitions of a

click according to 5.4.3 of CISPR 14–1:2016 ........................................................................ 66

Annex G (informative) Rationale for the specifications of the APD measuring function ......... 73

Annex H (informative) Characteristics of a quasi-peak measuring receiver........................... 76

Annex I (informative) Example of EMI receiver and swept spectrum analyzer

architecture........................................................................................................................... 77

Annex J (normative) Requirements when using an external preamplifier with a

measuring receiver ............................................................................................................... 79

J.1 General ................................................................................................................. 79

J.2 Considerations for optimum emission measurement system design ...................... 79

J.3 Linearity specifications and precautions in measurement ...................................... 82

J.4 Detecting the overload of an external preamplifier in a wideband FFT-based

measuring system ................................................................................................. 89

Annex K (normative) Calibration requirements for measuring receivers ................................ 90

K.1 General ................................................................................................................. 90

K.2 Calibration and verification.................................................................................... 90

K.3 Calibration and verification specifics ..................................................................... 90

K.4 Measuring receiver specifics ................................................................................. 91

K.4.1 General ......................................................................................................... 91

K.4.2 Demonstration of compliance with CISPR 16-1-1 ........................................... 92

K.5 Partial calibration of measuring receivers .............................................................. 92

K.6 Determination of compliance of a measuring receiver with applicable

specifications ........................................................................................................ 93

Annex L (normative) Verification of the RF pulse amplitude (See 7.3.1, 8.3.2) ..................... 94

Bibliography .......................................................................................................................... 95

Figure 1 – Limits of overall selectivity – Pass-band (Band A) ................................................ 18

Figure 2 – Limits of overall selectivity – Pass-band (Band B) ................................................ 18

Figure 3 – Limits of overall selectivity – Pass-band (Bands C and D) .................................... 19

Figure 4 – Limits for the overall selectivity – Pass-band (Band E) ......................................... 19

Figure 5 – Arrangement for testing intermodulation effects ................................................... 22

Figure 6 – Pulse response curve (Band A) ............................................................................ 24

Figure 7 – Pulse response curve (Band B) ............................................................................ 25

Figure 8 – Pulse response curve (Bands C and D) ................................................................ 25

Figure 9 – Theoretical pulse response curve of quasi-peak detector receivers and

average detector receiver ..................................................................................................... 26

Figure 10 – Block diagram of an average detector ................................................................ 31

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SIST EN IEC 55016-1-1:2019
CISPR 16-1-1:2019 © IEC 2019 – 5 –

Figure 11 – Screenshot showing the response of the meter-simulating network to an

intermittent narrowband signal .............................................................................................. 31

Figure 12 – Example of a disturbance analyzer ..................................................................... 38

Figure 13 – Graphical presentation of test signals used in the test of the analyzer for

the performance checks against the definition of a click according to Table 14 ..................... 39

Figure E.1 – Correction factor for estimating the ratio B /B for other tuned circuits .......... 58

imp 6

Figure E.2 – Pulse rectification coefficient P ......................................................................... 60

Figure E.3 – Example (spectrum screenshot) of a pulse-modulated signal with a pulse

width of 200 ns ..................................................................................................................... 61

Figure E.4 – Pulse-modulated RF signal applied to a measuring receiver ............................. 63

Figure E.5 – Filtering with a B much smaller than the PRF .............................................. 63

imp

Figure E.6 – Filtering with a B much wider than the PRF ................................................. 63

imp

Figure E.7 – Calculation of the impulse bandwidth ................................................................ 64

Figure E.8 – Example of a normalized linear selectivity function ........................................... 65

Figure F.1 – Graphical presentation of the test signals used for the performance

checks of the analyzer with the additional requirements according to Table F.1 .................... 72

Figure G.1 – Block diagram of APD measurement circuit without A/D converter .................... 74

Figure G.2 – Block diagram of APD measurement circuit with A/D converter ......................... 74

Figure G.3 – Example of display of APD measurement results versus equipment-

under-test (EUT) state .......................................................................................................... 75

Figure I.1 – Example of block diagram of an EMI receiver consisting of a swept
spectrum analyzer with added preselector, preamplifier and quasi-peak/average

detector ................................................................................................................................ 77

Figure J.1 – Receiver with preamplifier ................................................................................. 81

Figure J.2 – Example of the transfer function of an amplifier ................................................. 83

Figure J.3 – Response of the amplifier of Figure J.2 for a sinusoidal signal .......................... 83

Figure J.4 – Response of the amplifier of Figure J.2 for an impulse ...................................... 83

Figure J.5 – Deviation from linear gain for an unmodulated sine-wave (example) .................. 84

Figure J.6 – Deviation from linear gain for a broadband impulsive signal as measured

with the quasi-peak detector (example) ................................................................................. 85

Figure J.7 – Screenshot of a band-stop filter test for a preamplifier at around 818 MHz ........ 86

Figure J.8 – Band-stop filter test result with the measuring receiver at 818 MHz ................... 86

Figure J.9 – Band-stop filter test results for the same 10 dB preamplifier but a different

receiver with preselection (black) and without preselection (blue) ......................................... 87

Figure J.10 – Band-stop filter test results for the same 10 dB preamplifier but with the

receiver of Figure J.9 with preselection (black) and without preselection (green) .................. 87

Figure J.11 – Weighting functions of the various CISPR detectors with a noise curve to

illustrate the r
...

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