Lamps and light sources for road vehicles - Dimensional, electrical and luminous requirements

IEC 60809:2021 is applicable to electric light sources for use in automotive applications, for example in road illumination devices and/or light signalling devices for road vehicles.
It is especially applicable to light sources listed in UN Resolution R.E.5 and light sources subject to other legislations.
This fourth edition cancels and replaces the third edition published in 2014, Amendment 1:2017, Amendment 2:2017 and Amendment 3:2019. This edition constitutes a technical revision.
This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:
a) Introduction of a light technical measurement on LED light sources intended for use in front-lighting applications.
b) As the original data sheets and some figures from previous editions were not available in an editable format, they have been reproduced from their old format, following the current drafting rules and are now in single language format. Some reproductions constitute minor (obvious) editorial changes of the original text sections and original figures; no technical changes were introduced.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
06-Apr-2021
Current Stage
PPUB - Publication issued
Completion Date
07-Apr-2021
Ref Project

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IEC 60809
Edition 4.0 2021-04
INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD
colour
inside
Lamps and light sources for road vehicles – Dimensional, electrical and
luminous requirements
IEC 60809:2021-04(en)
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
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---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
IEC 60809
Edition 4.0 2021-04
INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD
colour
inside
Lamps and light sources for road vehicles – Dimensional, electrical and
luminous requirements
INTERNATIONAL
ELECTROTECHNICAL
COMMISSION
ICS 29.140.20; 43.040.20 ISBN 978-2-8322-9634-9

Warning! Make sure that you obtained this publication from an authorized distributor.

® Registered trademark of the International Electrotechnical Commission
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
– 2 – IEC 60809:2021 © IEC 2021
CONTENTS

FOREWORD ........................................................................................................................... 8

1 Scope ............................................................................................................................ 10

2 Normative references .................................................................................................... 10

3 Terms and definitions .................................................................................................... 12

4 Requirements and test conditions for filament lamps ..................................................... 15

4.1 General requirements ........................................................................................... 15

4.2 Lamp marking ....................................................................................................... 15

4.3 Bulbs .................................................................................................................... 15

4.4 Colour ................................................................................................................... 15

4.4.1 Colour of light ................................................................................................ 15

4.4.2 Colour endurance .......................................................................................... 17

4.4.3 Coated bulb ................................................................................................... 17

4.5 Lamp dimensions .................................................................................................. 17

4.6 Caps and bases .................................................................................................... 18

4.7 Initial electrical and luminous requirements ........................................................... 18

4.8 Check on optical quality ........................................................................................ 18

4.8.1 General ......................................................................................................... 18

4.8.2 12 V lamps emitting white light ...................................................................... 18

4.8.3 6 V and 24 V lamps emitting white light ......................................................... 18

4.8.4 Lamps emitting selective-yellow light ............................................................. 19

4.9 UV radiation .......................................................................................................... 19

4.10 Standard (étalon) filament lamps .......................................................................... 19

4.11 Non-replaceable filament lamps ............................................................................ 20

4.11.1 General ......................................................................................................... 20

4.11.2 Fixation ......................................................................................................... 21

4.11.3 Lifetime ......................................................................................................... 21

4.11.4 Colour endurance .......................................................................................... 22

4.11.5 Luminous flux and colour maintenance .......................................................... 22

4.11.6 Vibration and shock resistance ...................................................................... 22

5 Requirements and test conditions for discharge lamps .................................................. 22

5.1 General requirements ........................................................................................... 22

5.2 Lamp marking ....................................................................................................... 22

5.3 Bulbs .................................................................................................................... 23

5.4 Caps ..................................................................................................................... 23

5.5 Position and dimensions of electrodes, arc and black stripes ................................ 23

5.5.1 Measurements ............................................................................................... 23

5.5.2 Electrodes ..................................................................................................... 23

5.5.3 Arc ................................................................................................................ 23

5.5.4 Black stripes .................................................................................................. 23

5.6 Starting, run-up and hot-restrike characteristics .................................................... 24

5.6.1 Starting .......................................................................................................... 24

5.6.2 Run-up .......................................................................................................... 24

5.6.3 Hot-restrike.................................................................................................... 24

5.6.4 Compliance ................................................................................................... 24

5.7 Electrical and photometric characteristics ............................................................. 25

5.7.1 Voltage and wattage ...................................................................................... 25

5.7.2 Luminous flux ................................................................................................ 25

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IEC 60809:2021 © IEC 2021 – 3 –

5.7.3 Compliance ................................................................................................... 25

5.8 Colour ................................................................................................................... 25

5.9 UV radiation .......................................................................................................... 26

5.10 Standard (étalon) discharge lamps ........................................................................ 27

6 Requirements and test conditions for LED light sources ................................................ 27

6.1 General requirements ........................................................................................... 27

6.2 Light source marking ............................................................................................. 27

6.3 Optical surfaces .................................................................................................... 27

6.4 Colour of light ....................................................................................................... 27

6.5 Lamp dimensions .................................................................................................. 27

6.6 Caps and bases .................................................................................................... 28

6.7 Initial electrical and photometrical requirements .................................................... 28

6.8 Red content .......................................................................................................... 28

6.9 UV radiation .......................................................................................................... 29

6.10 Standard (étalon) light sources ............................................................................. 29

7 Sampling and conditions of compliance ......................................................................... 29

8 Lamp data sheets .......................................................................................................... 29

8.1 General ................................................................................................................. 29

8.2 List of specific lamp types ..................................................................................... 30

8.3 Data sheets not transferred to UN R.E.5 ............................................................... 34

Annex A (normative) Filament shape, length and position .................................................... 54

A.1 General ................................................................................................................. 54

A.2 Filaments shown as points .................................................................................... 54

A.3 Line filaments ....................................................................................................... 54

A.4 Coiled-coil filaments.............................................................................................. 54

A.5 Extreme filament turns .......................................................................................... 54

A.6 Filament extremities .............................................................................................. 54

A.6.1 General ......................................................................................................... 54

A.6.2 Axial filaments ............................................................................................... 54

A.6.3 Transverse filaments ..................................................................................... 54

A.7 Determination of filament length............................................................................ 55

A.8 Filament offsets .................................................................................................... 55

A.9 Lateral deviation ................................................................................................... 55

A.10 Filament location check system (box system) ........................................................ 55

Annex B (normative) Measurement method of the colour of filament lamps .......................... 58

B.1 General ................................................................................................................. 58

B.2 Colour ................................................................................................................... 58

B.3 Measuring directions ............................................................................................. 58

B.3.1 General ......................................................................................................... 58

B.3.2 Filament lamps used in headlamps ................................................................ 58

B.3.3 Filament lamps used in light signalling devices .............................................. 59

Annex C (normative) Test conditions for electrical and luminous characteristics .................. 60

C.1 Filament lamps ..................................................................................................... 60

C.1.1 Ageing ........................................................................................................... 60

C.1.2 Test conditions .............................................................................................. 60

C.1.3 Electrical instrumentation .............................................................................. 60

C.1.4 Photometry .................................................................................................... 60

C.2 LED light sources .................................................................................................. 60

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– 4 – IEC 60809:2021 © IEC 2021

C.2.1 Test conditions .............................................................................................. 60

C.2.2 Luminous flux ................................................................................................ 60

C.2.3 Normalized luminous intensity ....................................................................... 61

C.2.4 Colour ........................................................................................................... 61

C.2.5 Power consumption ....................................................................................... 61

C.2.6 Luminous flux and colour at elevated temperature ......................................... 62

Annex D (normative) Measurement method of internal elements of R2 lamps ...................... 65

D.1 General test conditions ......................................................................................... 65

D.1.1 Measurement position.................................................................................... 65

D.1.2 Ageing ........................................................................................................... 65

D.1.3 Test conditions .............................................................................................. 65

D.2 Reference axis, reference plane and planes for measurements ............................. 65

D.2.1 Reference axis .............................................................................................. 65

D.2.2 Reference plane ............................................................................................ 65

D.2.3 Plane V-V ...................................................................................................... 65

D.2.4 Plane H-H ...................................................................................................... 65

D.2.5 Plane X-X ...................................................................................................... 65

D.2.6 Plane Y1-Y1 .................................................................................................. 65

D.2.7 Plane Y2-Y2 .................................................................................................. 65

D.3 Viewing directions (see Figure D.1) ....................................................................... 66

D.3.1 Viewing direction ① ....................................................................................... 66

D.3.2 Viewing direction ② ...................................................................................... 66

D.3.3 Viewing direction ③ ...................................................................................... 66

D.4 Measuring points (MP) .......................................................................................... 66

D.5 Dimensions to be measured .................................................................................. 67

Annex E (normative) Measurement method of internal elements of H4 and HS1 lamps ........ 70

E.1 General test conditions ......................................................................................... 70

E.1.1 Measurement position.................................................................................... 70

E.1.2 Ageing ........................................................................................................... 70

E.1.3 Test conditions .............................................................................................. 70

E.2 Reference axis, reference plane and planes for measurement .............................. 70

E.2.1 Reference axis .............................................................................................. 70

E.2.2 Reference plane ............................................................................................ 70

E.2.3 Plane V-V ...................................................................................................... 70

E.2.4 Plane H-H ...................................................................................................... 70

E.2.5 Plane X-X ...................................................................................................... 70

E.2.6 Plane Y1-Y1 .................................................................................................. 70

E.2.7 Plane Y2-Y2 .................................................................................................. 71

E.2.8 Plane Y3-Y3 .................................................................................................. 71

E.2.9 Plane Y4-Y4 .................................................................................................. 71

E.2.10 Plane Y5-Y5 .................................................................................................. 71

E.3 Viewing directions (see Figure E.1) ....................................................................... 71

E.3.1 Viewing direction ①...................................................................................... 7 1

E.3.2 Viewing direction ② ...................................................................................... 71

E.3.3 Viewing direction ③ ...................................................................................... 71

E.3.4 Viewing direction ④ ...................................................................................... 71

E.4 Measuring points (MP) .......................................................................................... 71

E.4.1 General ......................................................................................................... 71

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IEC 60809:2021 © IEC 2021 – 5 –

E.4.2 Shield and filaments (see Figure E.2) ............................................................ 72

E.4.3 Top obscuration (see Figure E.3) ................................................................... 72

E.5 Dimensions to be measured .................................................................................. 72

Annex F (normative) Measurement method of internal elements of HB1 lamps .................... 77

F.1 General test conditions ......................................................................................... 77

F.1.1 Measurement position.................................................................................... 77

F.1.2 Ageing ........................................................................................................... 77

F.1.3 Test conditions .............................................................................................. 77

F.2 Dipped-beam filament location .............................................................................. 77

F.2.1 Horizontal location ......................................................................................... 77

F.2.2 Vertical location ............................................................................................. 77

F.2.3 Axial location ................................................................................................. 77

F.3 Main-beam filament location ................................................................................. 77

F.3.1 Horizontal location ......................................................................................... 77

F.3.2 Vertical location ............................................................................................. 77

F.3.3 Axial location ................................................................................................. 78

Annex G (informative) Optical set-up for the measurement of the position and form of

the arc and of the position of the electrodes of discharge lamps ........................................... 79

Annex H (normative) Measurement method of electrical and photometric

characteristics of discharge lamps ........................................................................................ 80

H.1 General ................................................................................................................. 80

H.2 Ballast .................................................................................................................. 80

H.3 Burning position .................................................................................................... 80

H.4 Ageing .................................................................................................................. 80

H.5 Supply voltage ...................................................................................................... 80

H.6 Starting test .......................................................................................................... 80

H.7 Run-up test ........................................................................................................... 80

H.8 Hot restrike test .................................................................................................... 80

H.9 Electrical and photometric test .............................................................................. 81

H.10 Colour ................................................................................................................... 81

Annex I (informative) Overview of lamp types and their applications .................................... 82

Annex J (normative) Test conditions for colour endurance measurements ........................... 85

J.1 General ................................................................................................................. 85

J.2 Calibration and ageing .......................................................................................... 85

J.3 Test voltage .......................................................................................................... 86

J.4 Operating position ................................................................................................. 86

J.5 Test rack ............................................................................................................... 86

J.6 Operating cycles ................................................................................................... 86

J.7 Closure ................................................................................................................. 89

Annex K (informative) Method(s) to determine the value of the light centre length for

Lx3A, Lx3B, Lx4A, Lx4B, Lx5A, Lx5B, L1A/6 and L1B/6 ........................................................ 90

K.1 Measurement and calculation method based on ray tracing .................................. 90

K.2 Alternative method ................................................................................................ 91

Annex L (informative) Method to determine the maximum luminance gradient of LED

light sources ......................................................................................................................... 92

L.1 Measuring the luminance ...................................................................................... 92

L.2 Calculating the maximum luminance gradient ........................................................ 92

Bibliography .......................................................................................................................... 94

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– 6 – IEC 60809:2021 © IEC 2021

Figure A.1 – Determination of apexes, filament length and filament offsets (A and B)......... 56

Figure A.2 – Determination of filament centre ....................................................................... 56

Figure A.3 – Determination of lateral deviations (A and B) and tolerance on the light

centre length (C) .................................................................................................................. 57

Figure B.1 – Positions of the colorimetric receiver when measuring lamps used in

headlamps ............................................................................................................................ 59

Figure B.2 – Positions of the colorimetric receiver when measuring lamps used in light

signalling devices ................................................................................................................. 59

Figure C.1 – Schematic representation of the set-up to measure the luminous flux and

colour at elevated temperature ............................................................................................. 63

Figure C.2 – Schematic representation of the set-up to measure the luminous flux and

colour at elevated temperature ............................................................................................. 64

Figure D.1 – Viewing directions, seen from the top of the lamp ........................................... 68

Figure D.2 – Position of measuring points of R2 lamps ........................................................ 69

Figure E.1 – Viewing directions, seen from the top of the lamp ............................................. 74

Figure E.2 – Position of measuring points of H4, H17, H19 and HS1 lamps .......................... 75

Figure E.3 – Top obscuration ................................................................................................ 76

Figure F.1 – Side view, view from ③ ................................................................................ 78

Figure F.2 – Plan view, view from ④ .................................................................................. 78

Figure G.1 – Optical system .................................................................................................. 79

Figure J.1 – Side view of box ................................................................................................ 86

Figure J.2 – Front view of box ............................................................................................... 86

Figure J.3 – Temperature in the climate chamber during one operating cycle ........................ 87

Figure J.4 – Relative humidity in the climate chamber during one operating cycle ................. 87

Figure J.5 – Switching modes of filament lamps for intermittent operation during one

operating cycle ..................................................................................................................... 88

Figure J.6 – Switching modes of filament lamps for intermittent and continuous

operation during one operating cycle .................................................................................... 88

Figure J.7 – Switching modes of filament lamps for continuous operation during one

operating cycle ..................................................................................................................... 89

Figure J.8 – Switching modes of filament lamps
...

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