Surface acoustic wave (SAW) and bulk acoustic wave (BAW) duplexers of assessed quality - Part 1: Generic specification

IEC 62604-1:2022 is available as IEC 62604-1:2022 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.IEC 62604-1:2022 specifies the methods of test and general requirements for SAW and BAW duplexers of assessed quality using either capability approval or qualification approval procedures. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:
- the term "multiplexer" has been added to Clause 3.
NOTE In this document, SAW and BAW duplexers are treated simultaneously because both duplexers are used in the same manner especially in mobile phones and have the same requirements of characteristics, test method and so on.

Duplexeurs à ondes acoustiques de surface (OAS) et à ondes acoustiques de volume (OAV) sous assurance de la qualité - Partie 1: Spécification générique

IEC 62604-1:2022 est disponible sous forme de IEC 62604-1:2022 RLV qui contient la Norme internationale et sa version Redline, illustrant les modifications du contenu technique depuis l'édition précédente.L’IEC 62604-1:2022 spécifie les méthodes d’essai et les exigences générales pour les duplexeurs à OAS et à OAV dont la qualité est assurée par les procédures d’agrément de savoir-faire ou par les procédures d’homologation. Cette édition inclut les modifications techniques majeures suivantes par rapport à l’édition précédente:
- ajout du terme "multiplexeur" à l’Article 3.
NOTE Dans le présent document, les duplexeurs à OAS et à OAV sont traités simultanément, car ces deux duplexeurs sont utilisés de la même manière, en particulier dans les téléphones mobiles; ils ont en outre les mêmes exigences de caractéristiques, de méthode d’essai, etc.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
10-Jul-2022
Current Stage
PPUB - Publication issued
Completion Date
11-Jul-2022
Ref Project

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IEC 62604-1
Edition 2.0 2022-07
INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD
NORME
INTERNATIONALE
colour
inside
Surface acoustic wave (SAW) and bulk acoustic wave (BAW) duplexers of
assessed quality –
Part 1: Generic specification
Duplexeurs à ondes acoustiques de surface (OAS) et à ondes acoustiques de
volume (OAV) sous assurance de la qualité –
Partie 1: Spécification générique
IEC 62604-1:2022-07(en-fr)
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
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---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
IEC 62604-1
Edition 2.0 2022-07
INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD
NORME
INTERNATIONALE
colour
inside
Surface acoustic wave (SAW) and bulk acoustic wave (BAW) duplexers of
assessed quality –
Part 1: Generic specification
Duplexeurs à ondes acoustiques de surface (OAS) et à ondes acoustiques de
volume (OAV) sous assurance de la qualité –
Partie 1: Spécification générique
INTERNATIONAL
ELECTROTECHNICAL
COMMISSION
COMMISSION
ELECTROTECHNIQUE
INTERNATIONALE
ICS 31.140 ISBN 978-2-8322-3965-0

Warning! Make sure that you obtained this publication from an authorized distributor.

Attention! Veuillez vous assurer que vous avez obtenu cette publication via un distributeur agréé.

® Registered trademark of the International Electrotechnical Commission
Marque déposée de la Commission Electrotechnique Internationale
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
– 2 – IEC 62604-1:2022 © IEC 2022
CONTENTS

FOREWORD ........................................................................................................................... 5

1 Scope .............................................................................................................................. 7

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................... 7

3 Terms, definitions, units and graphical symbols ............................................................... 8

3.1 Terms and definitions .............................................................................................. 8

3.1.1 General terms .................................................................................................. 9

3.1.2 Response characteristics related terms ......................................................... 11

3.1.3 SAW and BAW duplexers related terms ......................................................... 15

3.2 Units and graphical symbols ................................................................................. 16

4 Order of precedence of documents ................................................................................ 16

5 Preferred values for ratings and characteristics ............................................................. 17

5.1 General ................................................................................................................. 17

5.2 Nominal frequency bands ...................................................................................... 17

5.3 Operating temperature ranges, in degrees Celsius (°C) ........................................ 17

5.4 Climatic category .................................................................................................. 17

5.5 Bump severity ....................................................................................................... 17

5.6 Vibration severity .................................................................................................. 18

5.7 Shock severity ...................................................................................................... 18

5.8 Fine leak rate ........................................................................................................ 18

6 Marking ......................................................................................................................... 19

6.1 Duplexer marking .................................................................................................. 19

6.2 Package marking .................................................................................................. 19

7 Quality assessment procedures ..................................................................................... 19

7.1 General ................................................................................................................. 19

7.2 Primary stage of manufacture ............................................................................... 19

7.3 Structurally similar components ............................................................................ 19

7.4 Subcontracting ...................................................................................................... 19

7.5 Incorporated components ...................................................................................... 20

7.6 Manufacturer’s approval ........................................................................................ 20

7.7 Approval procedures ............................................................................................. 20

7.7.1 General ......................................................................................................... 20

7.7.2 Capability approval ........................................................................................ 20

7.7.3 Qualification approval .................................................................................... 20

7.8 Procedures for capability approval ........................................................................ 20

7.8.1 General ......................................................................................................... 20

7.8.2 Eligibility for capability approval ..................................................................... 21

7.8.3 Application for capability approval ................................................................. 21

7.8.4 Granting of capability approval ...................................................................... 21

7.8.5 Capability manual .......................................................................................... 21

7.9 Procedures for qualification approval .................................................................... 21

7.9.1 General ......................................................................................................... 21

7.9.2 Eligibility for qualification approval ................................................................. 21

7.9.3 Application for qualification approval ............................................................. 21

7.9.4 Granting of qualification approval .................................................................. 21

7.9.5 Quality conformance inspection ..................................................................... 21

7.10 Test procedures .................................................................................................... 21

---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
IEC 62604-1:2022 © IEC 2022 – 3 –

7.11 Screening requirements ........................................................................................ 21

7.12 Rework and repair work ........................................................................................ 22

7.12.1 Rework .......................................................................................................... 22

7.12.2 Repair work ................................................................................................... 22

7.13 Certified records of released lots .......................................................................... 22

7.14 Validity of release ................................................................................................. 22

7.15 Release for delivery .............................................................................................. 22

7.16 Unchecked parameters ......................................................................................... 22

8 Test and measurement procedures ................................................................................ 22

8.1 General ................................................................................................................. 22

8.2 Test and measurement conditions ......................................................................... 22

8.2.1 Standard conditions for testing ...................................................................... 22

8.2.2 Precision of measurement ............................................................................. 23

8.2.3 Precautions ................................................................................................... 23

8.2.4 Alternative test methods ................................................................................ 23

8.3 Visual inspection ................................................................................................... 23

8.3.1 General ......................................................................................................... 23

8.3.2 Visual test A .................................................................................................. 23

8.3.3 Visual test B .................................................................................................. 24

8.4 Dimensions test .................................................................................................... 24

8.5 Electrical test procedures ...................................................................................... 24

8.5.1 S-parameters measurement ........................................................................... 24

8.5.2 Intermodulation distortion measurement ........................................................ 26

8.5.3 Insulation resistance ...................................................................................... 26

8.5.4 Voltage proof ................................................................................................. 26

8.6 Mechanical and environmental test procedures ..................................................... 26

8.6.1 Sealing tests (non-destructive) ...................................................................... 26

8.6.2 Soldering (solderability and resistance to soldering heat) (destructive) .......... 27

8.6.3 Rapid change of temperature: severe shock by liquid immersion (non-

destructive).................................................................................................... 27

8.6.4 Rapid change of temperature with prescribed time of transition (non-

destructive).................................................................................................... 27

8.6.5 Bump (destructive) ........................................................................................ 27

8.6.6 Vibration (destructive).................................................................................... 28

8.6.7 Shock (destructive) ........................................................................................ 28

8.6.8 Free fall (destructive) ..................................................................................... 28

8.6.9 Acceleration, steady state (non-destructive) .................................................. 29

8.6.10 Low air pressure (non-destructive) ................................................................. 29

8.6.11 Dry heat (non-destructive) ............................................................................. 29

8.6.12 Damp heat, cyclic (destructive) ...................................................................... 29

8.6.13 Cold (non-destructive) ................................................................................... 29

8.6.14 Climatic sequence (destructive) ..................................................................... 29

8.6.15 Damp heat, steady state (destructive) ............................................................ 30

8.6.16 Salt mist cyclic (destructive) .......................................................................... 30

8.6.17 Immersion in cleaning solvents (non-destructive) ........................................... 30

8.6.18 Flammability test (destructive) ....................................................................... 30

8.6.19 Electrostatic discharge (ESD) sensitivity test (destructive) ............................. 30

8.7 Endurance test procedure ..................................................................................... 31

Bibliography .......................................................................................................................... 32

---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
– 4 – IEC 62604-1:2022 © IEC 2022

Figure 1 – FBAR configuration .............................................................................................. 10

Figure 2 – SMR configuration ................................................................................................ 11

Figure 3 – Frequency response of SAW and BAW duplexers ................................................ 16

Figure 4 – S-parameters measurement .................................................................................. 25

Table 1 – Frequency allocation of typical UMTS bands ......................................................... 17

---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
IEC 62604-1:2022 © IEC 2022 – 5 –
INTERNATIONAL ELECTROTECHNICAL COMMISSION
____________
SURFACE ACOUSTIC WAVE (SAW) AND
BULK ACOUSTIC WAVE (BAW) DUPLEXERS
OF ASSESSED QUALITY –
Part 1: Generic specification
FOREWORD

1) The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) is a worldwide organization for standardization comprising

all national electrotechnical committees (IEC National Committees). The object of IEC is to promote international

co-operation on all questions concerning standardization in the electrical and electronic fields. To this end and

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may participate in this preparatory work. International, governmental and non-governmental organizations liaising

with the IEC also participate in this preparation. IEC collaborates closely with the International Organization for

Standardization (ISO) in accordance with conditions determined by agreement between the two organizations.

2) The formal decisions or agreements of IEC on technical matters express, as nearly as possible, an international

consensus of opinion on the relevant subjects since each technical committee has representation from all

interested IEC National Committees.

3) IEC Publications have the form of recommendations for international use and are accepted by IEC National

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8) Attention is drawn to the Normative references cited in this publication. Use of the referenced publications is

indispensable for the correct application of this publication.

9) Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this IEC Publication may be the subject of patent

rights. IEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

IEC 62604-1 has been prepared by IEC technical committee 49: Piezoelectric, dielectric and

electrostatic devices and associated materials for frequency control, selection and detection. It

is an International Standard.

This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition published in 2015. This edition

constitutes a technical revision.

This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous

edition:
• the term "multiplexer" has been added to Clause 3.

NOTE In this document, SAW and BAW duplexers are treated simultaneously because both duplexers are used in

the same manner especially in mobile phones and have the same requirements of characteristics, test method and

so on.
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
– 6 – IEC 62604-1:2022 © IEC 2022
The text of this International Standard is based on the following documents:
Draft Report on voting
49/1360/CDV 49/1375/RVC

Full information on the voting for its approval can be found in the report on voting indicated in

the above table.
The language used for the development of this International Standard is English.

This document was drafted in accordance with ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2, and developed in

accordance with ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1 and ISO/IEC Directives, IEC Supplement, available

at www.iec.ch/members_experts/refdocs. The main document types developed by IEC are

described in greater detail at www.iec.ch/publications.

A list of all parts in the IEC 62604 series, published under the general title Surface acoustic

wave (SAW) and bulk acoustic wave (BAW) duplexers of assessed quality, can be found on the

IEC website.

The committee has decided that the contents of this document will remain unchanged until the

stability date indicated on the IEC website under webstore.iec.ch in the data related to the

specific document. At this date, the document will be
• reconfirmed,
• withdrawn,
• replaced by a revised edition, or
• amended.

IMPORTANT – The "colour inside" logo on the cover page of this document indicates

that it contains colours which are considered to be useful for the correct understanding

of its contents. Users should therefore print this document using a colour printer.

---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
IEC 62604-1:2022 © IEC 2022 – 7 –
SURFACE ACOUSTIC WAVE (SAW) AND
BULK ACOUSTIC WAVE (BAW) DUPLEXERS
OF ASSESSED QUALITY –
Part 1: Generic specification
1 Scope

This part of IEC 62604 specifies the methods of test and general requirements for SAW and

BAW duplexers of assessed quality using either capability approval or qualification approval

procedures.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies.

For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any

amendments) applies.
IEC 60027 (all parts), Letter symbols to be used in electrical technology

IEC 60050-561, International electrotechnical vocabulary – Part 561: Piezoelectric, dielectric

and electrostatic devices and associated materials for frequency control, selection and

detection
IEC 60068-1:2013, Environmental testing – Part 1: General and guidance
IEC 60068-2-1, Environmental testing – Part 2-1: Tests – Test A: Cold
IEC 60068-2-2, Environmental testing – Part 2-2: Tests – Test B: Dry heat

IEC 60068-2-6, Environmental testing – Part 2-6: Tests – Test Fc: Vibration (sinusoidal)

IEC 60068-2-7, Basic environmental testing procedures – Part 2-7: Tests – Test Ga and

guidance: Acceleration, steady state

IEC 60068-2-13, Basic environmental testing procedures – Part 2-13: Tests – Test M: Low air

pressure

IEC 60068-2-14, Environmental testing – Part 2-14: Tests – Test N: Change of temperature

IEC 60068-2-17:1994, Basic environmental testing procedures – Part 2-17: Tests – Test Q:

Sealing

IEC 60068-2-27, Environmental testing – Part 2-27: Tests – Test Ea and guidance: Shock

IEC 60068-2-30, Environmental testing – Part 2-30: Tests – Test Db: Damp heat, cyclic

(12 h + 12 h cycle)

IEC 60068-2-31, Environmental testing – Part 2-31: Tests – Test Ec: Rough handling shocks,

primarily for equipment-type specimens
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
– 8 – IEC 62604-1:2022 © IEC 2022

IEC 60068-2-45, Basic environmental testing procedures – Part 2-45: Tests – Test XA and

guidance: Immersion in cleaning solvents

IEC 60068-2-52, Environmental testing – Part 2-52: Tests – Test Kb: Salt mist, cyclic (sodium

chloride solution)

IEC 60068-2-58, Environmental testing – Part 2-58: Tests – Test Td: Test methods for

solderability, resistance to dissolution of metallization and to soldering heat of surface mounting

devices (SMD)

IEC 60068-2-64, Environmental testing – Part 2-64: Tests – Test Fh: Vibration, broadband

random and guidance

IEC 60068-2-78, Environmental testing – Part 2-78: Tests – Test Cab: Damp heat, steady state

IEC 60122-1, Quartz crystal units of assessed quality – Part 1: Generic specification

IEC 60617, Graphical symbols for diagrams (available at http://std.iec.ch/iec60617)

IEC 60642, Piezoelectric ceramic resonators and resonator units for frequency control and

selection – Chapter I: Standard values and conditions – Chapter II: Measuring and test

conditions

IEC 60695-11-5, Fire hazard testing – Part 11-5: Test flames – Needle-flame test method –

Apparatus, confirmatory test arrangement and guidance

IEC 60749-28, Semiconductor devices – Mechanical and climatic test methods – Part 28:

Electrostatic discharge (ESD) sensitivity testing – Charged device model (CDM) – device level

IEC 61000-4-2, Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) – Part 4-2: Testing and measurement

techniques – Electrostatic discharge immunity test

IEC 61340-3-1 , Electrostatics – Part 3-1: Methods for simulation of electrostatic effects –

Human body model (HBM) electrostatic discharge test waveforms

IEC 61340-3-2 , Electrostatics – Part 3-2: Methods for simulation of electrostatic effects –

Machine model (MM) electrostatic discharge test waveforms

IEC 62761, Guidelines for the measurement method of nonlinearity for surface acoustic wave

(SAW) and bulk acoustic wave (BAW) devices in radio frequency (RF)
IEC 80000 (all parts), Quantities and units
ISO 80000 (all parts), Quantities and units
3 Terms, definitions, units and graphical symbols
3.1 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.
___________
Withdrawn
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
IEC 62604-1:2022 © IEC 2022 – 9 –

ISO and IEC maintain terminology databases for use in standardization at the following

addresses:
• IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/
• ISO Online browsing platform: available at http://www.iso.org/obp
3.1.1 General terms
3.1.1.1
surface acoustic wave
SAW

acoustic wave, propagating along a surface of an elastic material, whose amplitude decays

exponentially with the depth
[SOURCE: IEC 60862-1:2015, 3.1.1.1]
3.1.1.2
surface acoustic wave filter
SAW filter

filter characterized by one or more surface acoustic wave transmission line or resonant

elements, where the surface acoustic wave is usually generated by an interdigital transducer

and propagates along a material surface
[SOURCE: IEC 60862-1:2015, 3.1.1.2]
3.1.1.3
bulk acoustic wave
BAW

acoustic wave, propagating inside an elastic material and then traversing the entire thickness

of the bulk

Note 1 to entry: The wave is excited by metal electrodes attached to both sides of the piezoelectric layer.

3.1.1.4
bulk acoustic wave filter
BAW filter

filter characterized by a bulk acoustic wave which is usually generated by a pair of electrodes

and propagates along a thickness direction
3.1.1.5
film bulk acoustic resonator
FBAR

thin film BAW resonator consisting of a piezoelectric layer sandwiched between two electrode

layers with stress-free top and bottom surface supported mechanically at the e
...

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