High-pressure decorative laminates (HPL, HPDL) -- Sheets based on thermosetting resins (usually called laminates)

This document applies to five classes of flooring grade laminates less than 2 mm thick intended for bonding to supporting substrates, to produce high-pressure decorative laminates (HPL, HPDL) flooring elements. For laminate floor covering applications they meet the surface property requirements specified in EN 13329[2]. The requirements in this document apply only to the high-pressure laminate, and additional properties are intended to be specified in order to define the functional performance of the finished flooring product. ISO 4586‑2 specifies the methods of test relevant to this document.

Stratifiés décoratifs haute pression (HPL, HPDL) -- Plaques à base de résines thermodurcissables (communément appelées stratifiés)

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
01-Jul-2018
Current Stage
6060 - International Standard published
Start Date
24-May-2018
Completion Date
02-Jul-2018
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ISO 4586-5:2018 - High-pressure decorative laminates (HPL, HPDL) -- Sheets based on thermosetting resins (usually called laminates)
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INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 4586-5
Second edition
2018-07
High-pressure decorative laminates
(HPL, HPDL) — Sheets based on
thermosetting resins (usually called
laminates) —
Part 5:
Classification and specifications for
flooring grade laminates less than
2 mm thick intended for bonding to
supporting substrates
Stratifiés décoratifs haute pression (HPL, HPDL) — Plaques à base de
résines thermodurcissables (communément appelées stratifiés) —
Partie 5: Classification et spécifications des stratifiés pour revêtement
de sol d'épaisseur inférieure à 2 mm destinés à être collés sur des
supports
Reference number
ISO 4586-5:2018(E)
ISO 2018
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO 4586-5:2018(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2018

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
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Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
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Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2018 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO 4586-5:2018(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

Introduction ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................vi

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Classification, designation and coding .................................................................................................... 2

5 Requirements .......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

5.1 Compliance ................................................................................................................................................................................................. 3

5.2 Inspection requirements ...................................................................................................................................3

5.2.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

5.2.2 Colour and pattern .............................................................................................................................3

5.2.3 Surface finish ......................................................... ................................................................................3

5.2.4 Reverse side ...........................................................................................................................................3

5.2.5 Visual inspection .................................................................................................................................3

5.3 Dimensional tolerance requirements ..........................................................................................................4

5.4 Test requirements ................................................................................................................................................4

5.4.1 General requirements .......................................................................................................................4

5.4.2 Notes on requirements for reaction to fire ..............................................................................6

Annex A (informative) Addendum relating to electrostatic properties ...................................................... 7

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 8

© ISO 2018 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO 4586-5:2018(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation on the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) see the following

URL: www .iso .org/iso/foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 61, Plastics, Subcommittee SC 11,

Products.

This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition (ISO 4586-5:2015), which has been technically

revised.
The main changes compared to the previous edition are as follows:
— correction of errors due to typographical, formatting, and omission issues.
A list of all parts in the ISO 4586 series can be found on the ISO website.
iv © ISO 2018 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
ISO 4586-5:2018(E)
Introduction

High-pressure decorative flooring laminates are characterized by their high resistance to abrasion,

aesthetic qualities, and durability. They have good hygienic and anti-static properties and are easy to

clean and maintain.

In an effort to harmonize ISO 4586 with other high-pressure decorative laminate standards,

multiple methods may be published that demonstrate similar properties. In these instances, the

same test method title is given and is annotated as either “Method A” or “Method B”. This is the case

in the following tests: Edge squareness — 8/9, Dry heat — 17/18, Dimensional stability at elevated

temperatures — 19/20, Dimensional stability at ambient temperature — 21/22, Staining — 30/31,

Lightfastness — 32/33, Formability — 38/39, and Blistering — 40/41. In these instances, either

method may be utilized in testing. Compliance to both methods is not required. While these tests are

similar they are by no means identical and results of one method do not necessarily correspond to the

results of the accompanying test. In these situations, it is intended that the documentation in specific

parts of ISO 4586 for performance requirements be consulted. Each specific method has performance

requirements particular to that method for individual grades of high-pressure decorative laminate.

This document has been harmonized with EN 438-5 whenever possible.

In addition, Annex A provides information on electrostatic properties and is included as a convenient

reference to answer common questions.
© ISO 2018 – All rights reserved v
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 4586-5:2018(E)
High-pressure decorative laminates (HPL, HPDL) —
Sheets based on thermosetting resins (usually called
laminates) —
Part 5:
Classification and specifications for flooring grade
laminates less than 2 mm thick intended for bonding to
supporting substrates
1 Scope

This document applies to five classes of flooring grade laminates less than 2 mm thick intended for

bonding to supporting substrates, to produce high-pressure decorative laminates (HPL, HPDL) flooring

elements. For laminate floor covering applications they meet the surface property requirements

[2]
specified in EN 13329 .

The requirements in this document apply only to the high-pressure laminate, and additional properties

are intended to be specified in order to define the functional performance of the finished flooring

product.
ISO 4586-2 specifies the methods of test relevant to this document.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 1183-1, Plastics — Methods for determining the density of non-cellular plastics — Part 1: Immersion

method, liquid pyknometer method and titration method

ISO 4586-2:2018, High-pressure decorative laminates (HPL, HPDL) — Sheets based on thermosetting resins

(usually called laminates) — Part 2: Determination of properties
ISO 10874, Resilient, textile and laminate floor coverings — Classification
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— IEC Electropedia: available at https: //www .electropedia .org/
— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https: //www .iso .org/obp
© ISO 2018 – All rights reserved 1
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
ISO 4586-5:2018(E)
3.1
high-pressure decorative compact laminate
HPL
HPDL

sheet consisting of layers of cellulosic fibrous material (normally paper) impregnated with

thermosetting resins and bonded together by the high pressure process (3.2)

Note 1 to entry: This is a general definition of high-pressure decorative laminate(s). More specific product

definitions can be found in ISO 4586-3 to ISO 4586-8.

Note 2 to entry: The surface layer(s) on one or both sides, having decorative colours or designs, are typically

impregnated with melamine based resins. The core layers are typically impregnated with phenolic based resins.

3.2
high-pressure process

simultaneous application of heat (temperature ≥ 120 °C) and high specific pressure (≥ 5 MPa), to

provide flowing and subsequent c
...

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