Waste reduction and treatment on fishing vessels

This document specifies a system for waste reduction and treatment on fishing vessels. It includes principles, management plans, methods and requirements. This document is applicable to both marine and inland fisheries.

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General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
20-Jul-2022
Current Stage
6060 - International Standard published
Due Date
29-Apr-2024
Completion Date
21-Jul-2022
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ISO 5020:2022 - Waste reduction and treatment on fishing vessels Released:21. 07. 2022
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INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 5020
First edition
2022-07
Waste reduction and treatment on
fishing vessels
Reference number
ISO 5020:2022(E)
© ISO 2022
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ISO 5020:2022(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2022

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

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Published in Switzerland
© ISO 2022 – All rights reserved
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ISO 5020:2022(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

Introduction .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................. vi

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions .................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3.1 Materials and waste ........................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3.2 Fishing vessels and onboard planning .............................................................................................................................. 2

3.3 Principles and planning .................................................................................................................................................................. 2

4 Principles ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

4.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

4.2 Avoid ghost fishing, littering and pollution .................................................................................................................. 3

4.2.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 3

4.2.2 Equipment and products ............................................................................................................................................. 4

4.2.3 Best practice ........................................................................................................................................................................... 4

4.3 Waste to be treated as a resource ......................................................................................................................................... 4

4.3.1 Optimize circular economy ....................................................................................................................................... 4

4.3.2 Avoid reducing waste quality ................................................................................................................................. 5

4.3.3 Adapt seamlessly to ashore waste handling .............................................................................................. 5

4.3.4 Consider interested parties and their needs and expectations ............................................... 5

4.3.5 Use the waste hierarchy for planning and prioritization............................................................... 5

4.3.6 Make awareness raising a priority ..................................................................................................................... 6

5 Classification of pollution and waste ............................................................................................................................................. 6

5.1 Solid waste ................................................................................................................................................................................................. 6

5.2 Liquid waste.............................................................................................................................................................................................. 6

5.3 Hazardous waste .................................................................................................................................................................................. 6

6 Waste plan .................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 7

6.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 7

6.2 Planning to avoid waste ................................................................................................................................................................. 7

6.3 Planning to store/handle waste ............................................................................................................................................. 7

6.4 Planning delivery of waste to waste receivers .......................................................................................................... 7

6.5 Evaluation and updating ................................................................................................................................................................ 7

7 Waste handling ...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 7

7.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 7

7.2 Waste from fishing operations ................................................................................................................................................. 7

7.2.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 7

7.2.2 Waste from flushing and cleaning ...................................................................................................................... 8

7.2.3 Packaging waste ................................................................................................................................................................. 8

7.2.4 Lost or scrapped fishing gear.................................................................................................................................. 8

7.2.5 Waste from vessel and fishing gear maintenance ................................................................................ 8

7.3 Waste collected during fishing operations.................................................................................................................... 8

8 Onboard storage ................................................................................................................................................................................................... 8

8.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 8

8.2 Containers and other types of waste storage facilities ...................................................................................... 8

8.3 Storage conditions ............................................................................................................................................................................... 9

8.3.1 Open or closed containers and other waste storage facilities ................................................... 9

8.3.2 Securing waste containers and other objects .......................................................................................... 9

9 Waste treatment ...................................................................................................................................................................................................9

9.1 Discharge into the sea and inland waters ...................................................................................................................... 9

9.2 Onshore handling of waste .......................................................................................................................................................... 9

10 Documentation ...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 9

iii
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ISO 5020:2022(E)

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................10

© ISO 2022 – All rights reserved
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ISO 5020:2022(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www.iso.org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www.iso.org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO’s adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT), see www.iso.org/

iso/foreword.html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 234, Fisheries and aquaculture.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www.iso.org/members.html.
© ISO 2022 – All rights reserved
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ISO 5020:2022(E)
Introduction

A productive, healthy and clean aquatic environment is vital for fisheries and other sectors. In order to

accommodate sustainable growth in marine sectors, it is essential to avoid littering and other types of

pollution. Despite this, marine and inland waters are recipients of intentional and unintentional litter

and other pollutants.

Waste occurring in freshwater and marine water and litter are to a large extent transported over large

distances, often following the ocean currents. Problems due to marine pollution must therefore be

solved at an international as well as at a national level.

Reduced release of waste into the ocean and inland water bodies will also make a significant

contribution to improved resource management, increased sustainable food production and improved

circular economy.
This document can contribute to:
— reduced global amount of litter and other pollutants from the fishing fleet;

— reduced macroplastic and microplastic levels in marine and inland waters, and on the seabed;

— reduced amount of litter in the littoral zone and nearby terrestrial areas, as well as in recreation

areas;

— reduced ghost fishing and environmental impact from the seafood industry, e.g. on fish species,

invertebrates, reptiles, birds and mammals;
— healthy aquatic ecosystems and sustainable fish stocks.

Biological waste in the form of, for example, offal, bycatch and discard does not lead to littering and

should be treated as important and valuable resources for the fishing industry. This issue is therefore

not treated in this document.
© ISO 2022 – All rights reserved
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INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 5020:2022(E)
Waste reduction and treatment on fishing vessels
1 Scope

This document specifies a system for waste reduction and treatment on fishing vessels. It includes

principles, management plans, methods and requirements.
This document is applicable to both marine and inland fisheries.
2 Normative references
There are no normative references in this document.
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminology databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https:// www .iso .org/ obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at https:// www .electropedia .org/
3.1 Materials and waste
3.1.1
waste

substance or object which is disposed of, is intended to be disposed of or is required to be disposed of

by the provisions of national law
3.1.2
litter

solid material, object or fragment which has been deliberately discarded or unintentionally lost

Note 1 to entry: According to the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships,

[3]

MARPOL 73/78 (Appendix V “Rules for the Prevention of Pollution by Garbage from Ships”), litter means

all types of food, household and operational waste (3.1.1), all types of plastics (3.1.3), cargo residues, ash from

incinerators, cooking oil, fishing gear and carcasses of animals that are formed during the normal operation of

the vessel and are subject to constant or periodic removal.
3.1.3
plastic

polymer to which additives or other substances can be added, and which can function as a main

structural component of final products

Note 1 to entry: In the context of this document, the polymers are mainly petroleum based.

Note 2 to entry: Onboard a fishing vessel (3.2.1), all types of plastics, including bioplastics and biodegradable

plastics, should be treated as plastics.
3.1.4
microplastic

solid plastic particles or fragments smaller than 5 mm in the largest dimension, insoluble in water and

not degradable
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ISO 5020:2022(E)
3.1.5
effluent
outflowing of a liquid
...

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