Textiles — Determination of certain flame retardants — Part 3: Chlorinated paraffin flame retardants

ISO/TR 17881-3:2018 describes a method for determining short-chain chlorinated paraffins (C10-C13) (SCCPs) in textiles using carbon skeleton reaction gas chromatography with a flame ionization detector (GC-FID). ISO/TR 17881-3:2018 is applicable to all kinds of textile products.

Textiles — Détermination de certains retardateurs de flamme — Partie 3: Retardateurs de flamme à base de paraffines chlorées

General Information

Publication Date
Current Stage
6060 - International Standard published
Completion Date
Ref Project


Buy Standard

Technical report
ISO/TR 17881-3:2018 - Textiles -- Determination of certain flame retardants
English language
12 pages
sale 15% off
sale 15% off

Standards Content (Sample)

REPORT 17881-3
First edition
Textiles — Determination of certain
flame retardants —
Part 3:
Chlorinated paraffin flame retardants
Textiles — Détermination de certains retardateurs de flamme —
Partie 3: Retardateurs de flamme à base de paraffines chlorées
Reference number
ISO/TR 17881-3:2018(E)
ISO 2018

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO/TR 17881-3:2018(E)

© ISO 2018
All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may
be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting
on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address
below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Fax: +41 22 749 09 47
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2018 – All rights reserved

---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO/TR 17881-3:2018(E)

Contents Page
Foreword .iv
1 Scope . 1
2 Normative references . 1
3 Terms and definitions . 1
4 Principle . 1
5 Reagents . 1
6 Apparatus . 2
7 Procedure. 3
7.1 Preparation of standard solutions . 3
7.1.1 Stock standard solutions . 3
7.1.2 Working solutions . 3
7.2 Specimen extraction . 3
7.2.1 Ultrasonic wave extraction . 3
7.2.2 Purification . 3
7.3 Pretesting by GC-ECD . 4
7.4 Determination by GC-FID . 4
8 Calculation . 4
8.1 Pretesting result obtained by GC-ECD . 4
8.2 Quantity of SCCPs obtained by GC-FID . 4
9 Detection limit . 5
10 Test report . 5
Annex A (informative) Test parameters for GC-ECD . 7
Annex B (informative) Test parameters for GC-FID .11
© ISO 2018 – All rights reserved iii

---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO/TR 17881-3:2018(E)

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards
bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out
through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical
committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International
organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.
ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of
electrotechnical standardization.
The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are
described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular the different approval criteria needed for the
different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the
editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/ directives).
Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of
patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of
any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or
on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/ patents).
Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not
constitute an endorsement.
For an explanation on the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and
expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the
World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) see the following
URL: www .iso .org/ iso/ foreword .html.
This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 38, Textiles.
A list of all parts in the ISO 17881 series can be found on the ISO website.
iv © ISO 2018 – All rights reserved

---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
Textiles — Determination of certain flame retardants —
Part 3:
Chlorinated paraffin flame retardants
WARNING — The use of this document can involve hazardous substances and/or procedures.
It refers only to technical suitability and does not purport to address all of the health and
safety risks associated with its use. It is the responsibility of users of this document to take
appropriate measures to ensure the safety and health of personnel and the environment prior
to application of the document, and it is assumed that the execution of its provisions is entrusted
to appropriately qualified and experienced people.
1 Scope
This document describes a method for determining short-chain chlorinated paraffins (C -C ) (SCCPs)
10 13
in textiles using carbon skeleton reaction gas chromatography with a flame ionization detector (GC-FID).
It is applicable to all kinds of textile products.
2 Normative references
There are no normative references in this document.
3 Terms and definitions
No terms and definitions are listed in this document.
ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:
— IEC Electropedia: available at https:// www .electropedia .org/
— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https:// www .iso .org/ obp
4 Principle
SCCPs are extracted from textile specimens by an ultrasonic generator with n-hexane/acetone. SCCPs
are pretested by gas chromatography with an electron capture detector (GC-ECD) and then quantified
by GC-FID using an external standard method. SCCPs are dechlorinated by reacting with hydrogen
to generate straight-chain alkane (C -C ) under the action of a PdCl catalyst. GC-FID is used to
10 13 2
determine the quantity of straight-chain alkane following an external standard method, and then the
quantity of SCCPs is calculated.
5 Reagents
Unless otherwise specified, only reagents of recognized analytical grade are used.
5.1 Short-chain chlorinated paraffins (SCCPs) (C -C , 51,5 % Cl), 100 µg/ml in cyclohexane.
10 13
5.2 Short chain chlorinated paraffins (SCCPs) (C -C , 55,5 % Cl), 100 µg/ml in cyclohexane.
10 13
5.3 Short-chain chlorinated paraffins (SCCPs) (C -C , 63 % Cl), 100 µg/ml in cyclohexane.
10 13
© ISO 2018 – All rights reserved 1

---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
ISO/TR 17881-3:2018(E)

5.4 Straight-chain alkane (C -C ), purity > 99,5 %.
10 13
5.5 n-hexane/acetone, 1:1 (volume fraction).
5.6 Diethyl ether.
5.7 Acetic acid solution, 5 % (volume fraction).
5.8 Ammonia, 25 % (mass fraction).
5.9 Mixture of n-hexane/diethyl ether, 90/10 (volume fraction).
5.10 Cyclopentane.
5.11 Cyclohexane.
5.12 Calcium carbonate (CaCO ).
5.13 Palladium chloride (PdCl ) catalyst.
After dissolving 0,08 g of PdCl in 10 ml of 5 % acetic acid (5.7), the solution is transferred to the watch
glass filled with 19 g of glass beads (6.11). The watch glass is placed into a boiling water bath, and
the solution is constantly stir

Questions, Comments and Discussion

Ask us and Technical Secretary will try to provide an answer. You can facilitate discussion about the standard in here.