Small craft -- Steering wheels

This document specifies design and testing requirements for steering wheels for small craft.

Petits navires -- Barres à roues

Le présent document spécifie les exigences relatives ŕ la conception et aux essais pour les barres ŕ roue/volants de direction pour les petits navires.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
13-Dec-2020
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6000 - International Standard under publication
Start Date
14-Dec-2020
Ref Project

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INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 23411
First edition
2020-12
Small craft — Steering wheels
Petits navires — Barres à roues
Reference number
ISO 23411:2020(E)
ISO 2020
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO 23411:2020(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2020

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO 23411:2020(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 General requirements ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

5 Tests ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

5.1 Conditioning .............................................................................................................................................................................................. 5

5.2 Mechanical tests ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

5.3 Impact load tests ................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

6 Fatigue tests ............................................................................................................................................................................................................... 8

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................10

© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO 23411:2020(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/ directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/ patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT), see www .iso .org/

iso/ foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 188, Small craft, in collaboration with

the European Committee for Standardization (CEN) Technical Committee CEN/TC 464, Small craft, in

accordance with the Agreement on technical cooperation between ISO and CEN (Vienna Agreement).

This first edition of ISO 23411, together with ISO 8848:2020, cancels and replaces ISO 8848:1990,

ISO 9775:1990 and ISO 15652:2003, which have been technically revised.
The main changes compared to the previous editions are as follows:

— the steering wheel requirements from ISO 8848:1990, ISO 9775:1990 and ISO 15652:2003 have

been consolidated into this document;
— the requirements have been updated to meet current industry practices.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/ members .html.
iv © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
ISO 23411:2020(E)
Introduction

Previously, steering wheels were addressed in ISO 8848:1990, ISO 9775:1990 and ISO 15652:2003. A

review of the steering standards for a merge project found that updates were needed for consistency

and to meet current industry practices. This document thus provides a consistent approach for the

design and testing of steering wheels for small craft.

Steering wheel size and application was considered in the development of this document for small craft

under foreseeable operating conditions. It is recognized that high speed craft experience additional

impact loads and these are addressed in the document.
© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved v
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 23411:2020(E)
Small craft — Steering wheels
1 Scope

This document specifies design and testing requirements for steering wheels for small craft.

2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 25197:2020, Small craft — Electrical/electronic control systems for steering, shift and throttle

3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https:// www .iso .org/ obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at http:// www .electropedia .org/
3.1
steering mechanism

device, to which a control element is attached for manual application of a controlling force, and by which

the controlling force is fed into a steering system
3.2
minimum retained system performance

system performance after testing, such that at least 90 % of the engine steering arm travel normally

available to each side of the mid-position is obtained by exertion of no more than 27 Nm of torque at the

steering mechanism (3.1) through the wheel or other normal control

Note 1 to entry: This criterion does not define the steering system performance while the craft is underway, but

is rather intended to provide qualitative limits for design and test purposes.
3.3
steering wheel diameter
actual diameter
diameter of the circle formed by the outermost sections of the steering wheel
Note 1 to entry: See Figure 1.
3.4
steering wheel dish

distance between the two parallel planes formed by the aft rim surface and the forward hub surface of

a steering wheel
Note 1 to entry: See Figure 1.
© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved 1
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
ISO 23411:2020(E)
3.5
pinch point

location at which a moving part comes into contact with, or in close proximity to, another part, so that

another object at that location would be cut or crushed
3.6
craft
small craft

recreational boat, and other watercraft using similar equipment, of up to 24 m length of hull (L )

Note 1 to entry: The measurement methodology for the length of hull is defined in ISO 8666.

[SOURCE: ISO 8666:2020, 3.15, modified – Note 1 to entry has been added.]
4 General requirements
4.1 Steering wheels shall be permanently marked by their manufacturer with the
...

NORME ISO
INTERNATIONALE 23411
Première édition
2020-12
Petits navires — Barres à roues
Small craft — Steering wheels
Numéro de référence
ISO 23411:2020(F)
ISO 2020
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO 23411:2020(F)
DOCUMENT PROTÉGÉ PAR COPYRIGHT
© ISO 2020

Tous droits réservés. Sauf prescription différente ou nécessité dans le contexte de sa mise en œuvre, aucune partie de cette

publication ne peut être reproduite ni utilisée sous quelque forme que ce soit et par aucun procédé, électronique ou mécanique,

y compris la photocopie, ou la diffusion sur l’internet ou sur un intranet, sans autorisation écrite préalable. Une autorisation peut

être demandée à l’ISO à l’adresse ci-après ou au comité membre de l’ISO dans le pays du demandeur.

ISO copyright office
Case postale 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Genève
Tél.: +41 22 749 01 11
E-mail: copyright@iso.org
Web: www.iso.org
Publié en Suisse
ii © ISO 2020 – Tous droits réservés
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO 23411:2020(F)
Sommaire Page

Avant-propos ..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Domaine d'application ................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

2 Références normatives ................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Termes et définitions ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Exigences générales .......................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

5 Essais ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 5

5.1 Conditionnement .................................................................................................................................................................................. 5

5.2 Essais mécaniques ............................................................................................................................................................................... 5

5.3 Essai de charge d’impact ................................................................................................................................................................ 6

6 Essais de fatigue .................................................................................................................................................................................................... 8

Bibliographie ...........................................................................................................................................................................................................................10

© ISO 2020 – Tous droits réservés iii
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO 23411:2020(F)
Avant-propos

L'ISO (Organisation internationale de normalisation) est une fédération mondiale d'organismes

nationaux de normalisation (comités membres de l'ISO). L'élaboration des Normes internationales est

en général confiée aux comités techniques de l'ISO. Chaque comité membre intéressé par une étude

a le droit de faire partie du comité technique créé à cet effet. Les organisations internationales,

gouvernementales et non gouvernementales, en liaison avec l'ISO participent également aux travaux.

L'ISO collabore étroitement avec la Commission électrotechnique internationale (IEC) en ce qui

concerne la normalisation électrotechnique.

Les procédures utilisées pour élaborer le présent document et celles destinées à sa mise à jour sont

décrites dans les Directives ISO/IEC, Partie 1. Il convient, en particulier, de prendre note des différents

critères d'approbation requis pour les différents types de documents ISO. Le présent document a été

rédigé conformément aux règles de rédaction données dans les Directives ISO/IEC, Partie 2 (voir www

.iso .org/ directives).

L'attention est attirée sur le fait que certains des éléments du présent document peuvent faire l'objet de

droits de propriété intellectuelle ou de droits analogues. L'ISO ne saurait être tenue pour responsable

de ne pas avoir identifié de tels droits de propriété et averti de leur existence. Les détails concernant

les références aux droits de propriété intellectuelle ou autres droits analogues identifiés lors de

l'élaboration du document sont indiqués dans l'Introduction et/ou dans la liste des déclarations de

brevets reçues par l'ISO (voir www .iso .org/ brevets).

Les appellations commerciales éventuellement mentionnées dans le présent document sont données

pour information, par souci de commodité, à l’intention des utilisateurs et ne sauraient constituer un

engagement.

Pour une explication de la nature volontaire des normes, la signification des termes et expressions

spécifiques de l'ISO liés à l'évaluation de la conformité, ou pour toute information au sujet de l'adhésion

de l'ISO aux principes de l’Organisation mondiale du commerce (OMC) concernant les obstacles

techniques au commerce (OTC), voir www .iso .org/ avant -propos.

Le présent document a été élaboré par le comité technique ISO/TC 188, Petits navires, en collaboration

avec le comité technique CEN/TC 464, Petits navires, du Comité européen de normalisation (CEN)

conformément à l’Accord de coopération technique entre l’ISO et le CEN (Accord de Vienne).

La présente première édition de l’ISO 23411, conjointement à l’ISO 8848:2020, annule et remplace

l’ISO 8848:1990, l’ISO 9775:1990 et l’ISO 15652:2003, qui ont fait l'objet d'une révision technique.

Les principaux changements par rapport aux éditions précédentes sont:

— les exigences relatives aux barres à roue/volants des ISO 8848:1990, ISO 9775:1990 et ISO 15652:2003

ont été consolidées dans le présent document;

— les exigences ont été mises à jour afin de répondre aux pratiques actuelles de l'industrie.

Il convient que l’utilisateur adresse tout retour d’information ou toute question concernant le présent

document à l’organisme national de normalisation de son pays. Une liste exhaustive desdits organismes

se trouve à l’adresse www .iso .org/ members .html.
iv © ISO 2020 – Tous droits réservés
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
ISO 23411:2020(F)
Introduction

Les barres à roue/volants de direction étaient précédemment traitées dans l’ISO 8848:1990,

l’ISO 9775:1990 et l’ISO 15652:2003. Un examen des normes relatives aux systèmes de direction pour un

projet de fusion a révélé que des mises à jour étaient nécessaires pour assurer l'uniformité et respecter

les pratiques actuelles de l'industrie. Le présent document apporte ainsi une approche cohérente pour

la conception et les essais de barres à roue/volants pour les petits navires.

La taille et l’application des barres à roue/volants ont été prises en compte dans l'élaboration du présent

document pour les petits navires dans des conditions de fonctionnement prévisibles. Il est reconnu que

les bateaux rapides subissent des charges d'impact supplémentaires et celles-ci sont traitées dans ce

document.
© ISO 2020 – Tous droits réservés v
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
NORME INTERNATIONALE ISO 23411:2020(F)
Petits navires — Barres à roues
1 Domaine d'application

Le présent document spécifie les exigences relatives à la conception et aux essais pour les barres à

roue/volants de direction pour les petits navires.
2 Références normatives

Les documents suivants sont cités dans le texte de sorte qu’ils constituent, pour tout ou partie de leur

contenu, des exigences du présent document. Pour les références datées, seule l’édition citée s’applique.

Pour les références non datées, la dernière édition du document de référence s'applique (y compris les

éventuels amendements).

ISO 25197:2020, Petits navires — Systèmes électriques/électroniques pour le contrôle de la direction, de

l’inverseur et des gaz
3 Termes et définitions

Pour les besoins du présent document, les termes et définitions suivants s'appliquent.

L’ISO et l’IEC tiennent à jour des bases de données terminologiques destinées à être utilisées en

normalisation, consultables aux adresses suivantes:

— ISO Online browsing platform: disponible à l’adresse https:// www .iso .org/ obp

— IEC Electropedia: disponible à l’adresse http:// www .electropedia .org/
3.1
mécanisme de direction

dispositif, auquel est attaché un élément de commande pour l'application manuelle d'une force de

commande, et par lequel la force de commande est introduite dans un système de direction

3.2
performance minimale retenue du système

capacité du système après essai(s), telle qu’au moins 90 % de l’arc de direction normalement disponible

sur chaque bord de la position milieu puisse être obtenue par un couple d’au plus 27 Nm exercé sur le

mécanisme de direction (3.1) par le volant de direction ou autre commande normale

Note 1 à l'article: Ce critère ne définit pas les performances du système de direction lorsque le bateau fait route

mais vise à fournir des limites quantitatives pour la conception et les essais.
3.3
diamètre de la barre à roue/volant de direction
diamètre effectif

diamètre du cercle formé par les sections les plus à l'extérieur de la roue/volant

Note 1 à l'article: Voir la Figure 1.
3.4
cuvette de la roue/volant de direction

distance entre les deux plans parallèles formés par la surface de la jante arrière et la surface du moyeu

avant de la roue/volant
Note 1 à l'article: Voir la Figure 1.
© ISO 2020 – Tous droits réservés 1
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
ISO 23411:2020(F)
3.5
point de pincement

emplacement auquel une pièce mobile entre en contact ou est à proximité d'une autre pièce de sorte

qu'un autre objet situé à cet endroit serait coupé ou écrasé
3.6
bateau
petit navire

bateau de plaisance, et autre bateau utilisant un équipement similaire, d’une longueur de coque (L )

inférieure ou égale à 24 m

Note 1 à l'article: La méthodologie de mesurage de la longueur de coque (L ) est définie dans l’ISO 8666.

[SOURCE: ISO 8666:2020, 3.15, modifié – La Note 1 à l'article a été ajoutée.]
4 Exigences générales

4.1 Les barres à roue/volants doivent être marquées en permanence par leur fabricant du diamètre de

la roue/volant et de la profondeur de la cuvette (voir la Figure 1).
Légende
1 cuvette
2 surface avant du moyeu
D diamètre effectif
D d
...

FINAL
INTERNATIONAL ISO/FDIS
DRAFT
STANDARD 23411
ISO/TC 188
Small craft — Steering wheels
Secretariat: SIS
Voting begins on: Petits navires — Barres à roues
2020­05­04
Voting terminates on:
2020­06­29
ISO/CEN PARALLEL PROCESSING
RECIPIENTS OF THIS DRAFT ARE INVITED TO
SUBMIT, WITH THEIR COMMENTS, NOTIFICATION
OF ANY RELEVANT PATENT RIGHTS OF WHICH
THEY ARE AWARE AND TO PROVIDE SUPPOR TING
DOCUMENTATION.
IN ADDITION TO THEIR EVALUATION AS
Reference number
BEING ACCEPTABLE FOR INDUSTRIAL, TECHNO­
ISO/FDIS 23411:2020(E)
LOGICAL, COMMERCIAL AND USER PURPOSES,
DRAFT INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS MAY ON
OCCASION HAVE TO BE CONSIDERED IN THE
LIGHT OF THEIR POTENTIAL TO BECOME STAN­
DARDS TO WHICH REFERENCE MAY BE MADE IN
NATIONAL REGULATIONS. ISO 2020
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO/FDIS 23411:2020(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2020

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH­1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Fax: +41 22 749 09 47
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO/FDIS 23411:2020(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 General requirements ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

5 Tests ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

5.1 Conditioning .............................................................................................................................................................................................. 5

5.2 Mechanical tests ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

5.3 Impact load tests ................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

6 Fatigue tests ............................................................................................................................................................................................................... 8

Annex ZA (informative) Relationship between this European Standard and the essential

requirements of Directive 2013/53/EU aimed to be covered ............................................................................10

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................11

© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO/FDIS 23411:2020(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non­governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/ directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/ patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT), see www .iso .org/

iso/ foreword .html.
This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 188, Small craft.

This first edition of ISO 23411, together with ISO 8848:2020, cancels and replaces ISO 8848:1990,

ISO 9775:1990 and ISO 15652:2003
The main changes compared to the previous editions are as follows:

— the steering wheel requirements from ISO 8848:1990, ISO 9775:1990, and ISO 15652:2003 have

been consolidated into this document;
— the requirements have been updated to meet current industry practices.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/ members .html.
iv © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
ISO/FDIS 23411:2020(E)
Introduction

Previously, steering wheels were addressed in ISO 8848:1990, ISO 9775:1990 and ISO 15652:2003. A

review of the steering standards for a merge project found that updates were needed for consistency

and to meet current industry practices. This document thus provides a consistent approach for the

design and testing of steering wheels for small craft.

Steering wheel size and application was considered in the development of this document for small craft

under foreseeable operating conditions. It is recognized that high speed craft experience additional

impact loads and these are addressed in the document.
© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved v
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
FINAL DRAFT INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO/FDIS 23411:2020(E)
Small craft — Steering wheels
1 Scope

This document specifies design and testing requirements for steering wheels for small craft.

2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 25197:2019, Small craft — Electrical/electronic control systems for steering, shift and throttle

3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https:// www .iso .org/ obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at http:// www .electropedia .org/
3.1
steering mechanism

device, to which a control element is attached for manual application of a controlling force, and by which

the controlling force is fed into a steering system
3.2
minimum retained system performance

system performance after testing, such that at least 90 % of the engine steering arm travel normally

available to each side of the mid-position is obtained by exertion of no more than 27 Nm of torque at the

steering mechanism (3.1) through the wheel or other normal control

Note 1 to entry: This criterion does not define the steering system performance while the craft is underway, but

is rather intended to provide qualitative limits for design and test purposes.
3.3
steering wheel diameter
diameter of the circle formed by the outermost sections of the wheel
Note 1 to entry: See Figure 1.
3.4
steering wheel dish

distance between the two parallel planes formed by the aft rim surface and the forward hub surface

of a wheel
Note 1 to entry: See Figure 1.
3.5
pinch point

location at which a moving part comes into contact with, or in close proximity to, another part, so that

another object at that location would be cut or crushed
© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved 1
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
ISO/FDIS 23411:2020(E)
3.6
craft
small craft

recreational boat, and other watercraft using similar equipment, of up to 24 m length of hull (L )

[SOURCE: ISO 8666:2016, 2.13]
4 General requirements

4.1 Steering wheels shall be permanently marked by their manufacturer with the steering wheel

diameter and the steering wheel dish measurements (see Figure 1).
Key
1 dish
2 forward hub surface
D standard diameter = actual diameter ­50 mm
D actual diameter

NOTE For non­circular steering wheels, D is the largest diameter that can be inscribed in the steering

wheel shape.
Figure 1 — Steering wheel terms

4.2 Steering wheels and steering mechanism shafts shall be selected to fit each other. Current fit

configurations are shown in Figure 2a, 2b, 2c.
2 © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
ISO/FDIS 23411:2020(E)
Dimensions in millimetres
Spline da
...

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