Framework for integration and operation of smart community infrastructures — Part 2: Holistic approach and the strategy for development, operation and maintenance of smart community infrastructures

This document describes the interactions of smart community infrastructures (interactions between multiple infrastructures, between infrastructures and stakeholders, and between infrastructures and the external environment). It describes the framework (a set of processes and methodologies) for these interactions to ensure the consistency of smart community infrastructures is well identified and managed. There are two potential use cases for this document. The first is for the green field site, where all the smart community infrastructures can be designed and developed at the same time. This is of value to planners and investors of major new infrastructure developments. The second is for the brown field site and builds on the first and will support efficient management of an existing urban area by taking into account the increasing interdependencies of the infrastructures on each other and the way they should be managed as a system of systems. This document will also take into account accelerating technological and environmental changes. Since this framework aims to ensure the consistency among different systems consisting of smart community infrastructures, the scope of this document does not overlap with any existing works that are developed or being developed at the existing TCs addressing issues at individual infrastructure level. NOTE This document describes a management case (not a management system), i.e. specific processes that an organization needs to follow in order to meet specific objectives of this document.

Cadre pour l’intégration et l’exploitation des infrastructures communautaires intelligentes — Partie 2: Approche holistique et stratégie pour le développement, le fonctionnement et la maintenance des infrastructures communautaires intelligentes

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Status
Published
Publication Date
04-May-2021
Current Stage
6060 - International Standard published
Start Date
05-May-2021
Completion Date
05-May-2021
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INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 37155-2
First edition
2021-05
Framework for integration and
operation of smart community
infrastructures —
Part 2:
Holistic approach and the strategy
for development, operation and
maintenance of smart community
infrastructures
Cadre pour l’intégration et l’exploitation des infrastructures
communautaires intelligentes —
Partie 2: Approche holistique et stratégie pour le développement,
le fonctionnement et la maintenance des infrastructures
communautaires intelligentes
Reference number
ISO 37155-2:2021(E)
ISO 2021
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO 37155-2:2021(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2021

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO 37155-2:2021(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

Introduction ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................vi

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Understanding of smart community infrastructure layers ...................................................................................... 4

4.1 Smart community infrastructure system layer ........................................................................................................... 4

4.2 Smart community infrastructure layer .............................................................................................................................. 4

4.3 Smart community sub-infrastructure layer ................................................................................................................... 4

5 Benefits of applying this document .................................................................................................................................................. 4

5.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

5.2 General benefits ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

5.3 Benefits for community authorities ...................................................................................................................................... 5

5.4 Benefits for investors or lenders ............................................................................................................................................. 5

5.5 Benefits for developers, operators and infrastructure owners .................................................................... 5

5.6 Benefits for service providers .................................................................................................................................................... 6

5.7 Benefits for people in smart communities ...................................................................................................................... 6

6 Life cycle phases of smart community infrastructure ................................................................................................... 7

6.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 7

6.2 Initiation (phase 1) .............................................................................................................................................................................. 7

6.2.1 Smart community concept (phase 1-1)........................................................................................................ 7

6.3 Design of target infrastructures (phase 2) ...................................................................................................................... 8

6.3.1 Basic concept (phase 2-1) ........................................................................................................................................ 8

6.3.2 Basic plan (phase 2-2) ........................................................................................................................................... ...... 9

6.3.3 Fundamental design (phase 2-3) ....................................................................................................................10

6.3.4 Tendering (phase 2-4) ........................................................................................................................................... ...10

6.3.5 Implementation design (phase 2-5) ............................................................................................................11

6.4 Construction and assessment (phase 3) ........................................................................................................................11

6.4.1 Manufacturing, construction, and installation (phase 3-1) .....................................................11

6.4.2 Individual and combination tests and validation (phase 3-2) ..............................................11

6.4.3 Overall assessment of smart community infrastructures as a whole

(phase 3-3) .........................................................................................................................................................................12

6.5 Operation and maintenance (phase 4) ............................................................................................................................13

6.6 Redevelopment and rehabilitation (phase 5)............................................................................................................13

6.7 Decommissioning (phase 6) .....................................................................................................................................................14

7 General process to ensure consistency ......................................................................................................................................14

7.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................14

7.2 Process overview ...............................................................................................................................................................................14

7.3 Action items in V process (item 2 in Figure) ..............................................................................................................15

7.3.1 Item 1: Setting the targets for infrastructures ....................................................................................15

7.3.2 Item 2: Analyse the solutions for different infrastructures to achieve the

targets ....................................................................................................................................................................................15

7.3.3 Item 3: Validation and Verification ................................................................................................................15

7.3.4 Item 4: Monitoring the performance of infrastructures .............................................................15

7.3.5 Item 5: Improve the targets .................................................................................................................................15

8 Guidelines for ensuring consistency .............................................................................................................................................15

8.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................15

8.2 Smart community concept (phase 1-1) ..........................................................................................................................15

8.2.1 Recommendations for verification and validation ..........................................................................15

8.2.2 Responsibility ..................................................................................................................................................................16

8.3 Basic concept (phase 2-1) ..........................................................................................................................................................16

© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved iii
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ISO 37155-2:2021(E)

8.3.1 Recommendations for verification ................................................................................................................16

8.3.2 Recommendations for validation ...................................................................................................................16

8.3.3 Responsibility ..................................................................................................................................................................16

8.4 Basic plan (phase 2-2) ...................................................................................................................................................................16

8.4.1 Recommendations for verification ................................................................................................................16

8.4.2 Recommendations for validation ...................................................................................................................17

8.4.3 Responsibility ..................................................................................................................................................................17

8.5 Fundamental design (phase 2-3) .........................................................................................................................................17

8.5.1 Recommendations for verification ................................................................................................................17

8.5.2 Recommendations for validation ...................................................................................................................17

8.5.3 Responsibility ..................................................................................................................................................................17

8.6 Tendering (phase 2-4) ...................................................................................................................................................................17

8.6.1 Recommendations for verification ................................................................................................................17

8.6.2 Responsibility ..................................................................................................................................................................18

8.7 Implementation design (phase 2-5) ..................................................................................................................................18

8.7.1 Recommendations for verification ................................................................................................................18

8.7.2 Recommendations for validation ...................................................................................................................18

8.7.3 Responsibility ..................................................................................................................................................................19

8.8 Manufacturing, construction and installation (phase 3-1) ............................................................................19

8.9 Individual and combination tests and validation (phase 3-2) ....................................................................19

8.10 Overall assessment and validation (phase 3-3) .......................................................................................................19

8.11 Operation and maintenance (phase 4) ............................................................................................................................19

8.11.1 Recommendations for verification ................................................................................................................19

8.11.2 Recommendations for validation ...................................................................................................................19

8.11.3 Responsibility ..................................................................................................................................................................20

8.12 Redevelopment and rehabilitation (phase 5)............................................................................................................20

8.12.1 Recommendations for verification and validation ..........................................................................20

8.12.2 Responsibility ..................................................................................................................................................................20

8.13 Decommissioning (phase 6) .....................................................................................................................................................20

8.13.1 Recommendations for verification ................................................................................................................20

8.13.2 Recommendations for validation ...................................................................................................................21

8.13.3 Responsibility ..................................................................................................................................................................21

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................22

iv © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
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ISO 37155-2:2021(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/ directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/ patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT), see www .iso .org/

iso/ foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 268, Sustainable cities and communities,

Subcommittee SC 1, Smart community infrastructures.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/ members .html.
© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved v
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ISO 37155-2:2021(E)
Introduction

In the foreseeable future, urban density is likely to increase, resulting in further urbanization

complexity. From this perspective, a “smart community” approach is an important concept to address

the urban challenges by integrating different forms of infrastructures in a rational and efficient manner.

An important aspect of a smart community is integrating infrastructures as “a system of systems”.

In addition to that, smart community has various stakeholders including users, and each smart

community infrastructure has an extended scope lifecycle (See Figure 1). A major benefit of a system

of systems is that the sector specific performance of all infrastructures can be validated with regard to

their contribution to the overall goals of a community. As a result of this validation, these goals can be

adapted and improvement targets for each infrastructure can be derived. Thus, an intended concept of

a smart community being validated and updated through its lifecycle concerning the integration and

operation of smart community infrastructures is realized efficiently at all times (See Figure 2).

Until now, it has not been possible to ensure consistency across infrastructure types to meet the

requirements for smart community infrastructures as owners have focused on just assembling

solutions to each subsystem of infrastructures. In order to ensure consistency of the specification of

smart community infrastructures as a whole, firstly, functions of each subsystem need to be clarified

and arranged based on the needs for a smart community, and secondly, the perspectives of various

stakeholders and lifecycle of infrastructures need to be considered.

To solve the above issues and realize well-functioning smart community infrastructures as a whole,

infrastructure development and operation processes are expected to include a common framework, as

described in ISO/TR 37152, composed of three elements (See Figure 3):

— element (A), allocation of consistent specification requirements to each component of a system and

validation of the allocating procedures;

— element (B), specification requirements associated with interaction and adoption of adequate

measures into planning and operation;

— element (C), process to facilitate information sharing and communication among stakeholders.

On conducting the study, it was found that each stakeholder will have various benefits through applying

this framework. (See Clause 5)

This document provides the guideline to realize element (A), providing guidelines for specification to

ensure consistency of smart community infrastructure and to adopt adequate measures into planning

and operation. Part 1 is about element (B).
vi © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
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ISO 37155-2:2021(E)

NOTE The infrastructures, stakeholders and lifecycle phases pictured in this figure are only some of the

examples. Other infrastructure, such as urban agricultural system, might also be included.

Figure 1 — Characteristics of smart community infrastructure

Figure 2 — Workflow of a system of systems concerning integration and operation of smart

community infrastructures
© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved vii
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ISO 37155-2:2021(E)
Figure 3 — Three elements of the framework
viii © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 37155-2:2021(E)
Framework for integration and operation of smart
community infrastructures —
Part 2:
Holistic approach and the strategy for development,
operation and maintenance of smart community
infrastructures
1 Scope

This document describes the interactions of smart community infrastructures (interactions between

multiple infrastructures, between infrastructures and stakeholders, and between infrastructures and

the external environment).

It describes the framework (a set of processes and methodologies) for these interactions to ensure the

consistency of smart community infrastructures is well identified and managed.

There are two potential use cases for this document. The first is for the green field site, where all the

smart community infrastructures can be designed and developed at the same time. This is of value to

planners and investors of major new infrastructure developments.

The second is for the brown field site and builds on the first and will support efficient management of

an existing urban area by taking into account the increasing interdependencies of the infrastructures

on each other and the way they should be managed as a system of systems. This document will also

take into account accelerating technological and environmental changes.

Since this framework aims to ensure the consistency among different systems consisting of smart

community infrastructures, the scope of this document does not overlap with any existing works that

are developed or being developed at the existing TCs addressing issues at individual infrastructure

level.

NOTE This document describes a management case (not a management system), i.e. specific processes that

an organization needs to follow in order to meet specific objectives of this document.

2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 37155-1:2020, Framework for integration and operation of smart community infrastructures — Part 1:

Recommendations for considering opportunities and challenges from interactions in smart community

infrastructures from relevant aspects through the life cycle
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https:// www .iso .org/ obp
© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved 1
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ISO 37155-2:2021(E)
— IEC Electropedia: available at http:// www .electropedia .org/
3.1
risk
effect of uncertainty on objectives

Note 1 to entry: An effect is a deviation from the expected — positive and/or negative.

Note 2 to entry: Objectives can have different aspects (such as financial, health and safety, and environmental

goals) and can apply at different levels (such as strategic, organization-wide, project, product and process).

Note 3 to entry: Risk is often characterized by reference to potential events and consequences, or a combination

of these.

Note 4 to entry: Risk is often expressed in terms of a combination of the consequences of an event (including

changes in circumstances) and the associated likelihood of occurrence.

Note 5 to entry: Uncertainty is the state, even partial, of deficiency of information related to, understanding or

knowledge of an event, its consequences or likelihood.
[SOURCE: ISO 31000: 2018, 3.1, modified — Notes to entry have been revised.]
3.2
verification

confirmation, through the provision of objective evidence, that specified requirements have been

fulfilled

Note 1 to entry: The objective evidence needed for a verification can be the result of an inspection or of other

forms of determination such as performing alternative calculations or reviewing documents.

Note 2 to entry: The activities carried out for verification are sometimes called a qualification process.

Note 3 to entry: The word “verified” is used to designate the corresponding status.

[SOURCE: ISO 9000:2015, 3.8.12]
3.3
validation

confirmation, through the provision of objective evidence, that the requirements for a specific intended

use or application have been fulfilled

Note 1 to entry: The objective evidence needed for a validation is the result of a test or other form of determination

such as performing alternative calculations or reviewing documents.

Note 2 to entry: The word “validated” is used to designate the corresponding status.

Note 3 to entry: The use conditions for validation can be real or simulated.
[SOURCE: ISO 9000:2015, 3.8.13]
3.4
developer

organization that is responsible for the development and operation of a smart community by organizing

smart community infrastructures (3.13) in whole, or in part

Note 1 to entry: A developer may order operators (3.6) to operate and maintain smart community infrastructures.

Note 2 to entry: The roles of 3.4, 3.5, 3.6, 3.10, 3.11 and 3.12 can sometimes be performed by a single organization.

EXAMPLE Private developer, municipality.
[SOURCE: ISO 37155-1:2020, 3.4]
2 © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
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ISO 37155-2:2021(E)
3.5
infrastructure owner
organization that owns community infrastructure that is, or could be, smart

Note 1 to entry: An infrastructure owner may order operators (3.6) to operate and maintain smart community

infrastructure (3.13).

Note 2 to entry: 1 to entry: The roles of 3.4, 3.5, 3.6, 3.10 and 3.12 are sometimes be performed by a single

organization.
EXAMPLE Owner of railway tracks, owner of sewage lines, municipality.
[SOURCE: ISO 37155-1:2020, 3.5]
3.6
operator

organization that is responsible for operating and maintaining community infrastructure that is, or

could be, smart

Note 1 to entry: An operator may order service providers (3.7) to supply a part of or the whole smart community

infrastructure(s)(3.13).

Note 2 to entry: The roles of 3.4, 3.5, 3.6, 3.10, 3.11 and 3.12 can sometimes be performed by a single organization.

Note 3 to entry: Service provider is included in operator. Operator includes service providers.

EXAMPLE Railway operator, power utilities.
[SOURCE: ISO 37155-1:2020, 3.6]
3.7
service provider

organization that is responsible for suppling a part of or the whole smart community infrastructure(s)

(3.13)
EXAMPLE System integrator, component supplier, ICT vendor.
[SOURCE: ISO 37155-1:2020, 3.7]
3.8
consultant

organization that consults, advises on or creates solutions, and assists developers (3.4), infrastructure

owners (3.5), operators (3.6), service providers (3.7), community authorities (3.9) or investors (3.11)

utilizing its expertise, through development, operation and maintenance of smart community

infrastructure (3.13)
EXAMPLE Civil engineering firm, urban design engineering firm.
[SOURCE: ISO 37155-1:2020, 3.8]
3.9
community authority

organization that develops and maintains regulations to ensure safety, quality, and other important

performances of smart community infrastructure (3.13)

EXAMPLE Governmental agency, a municipality or its counterpart organization for rural areas.

[SOURCE: ISO 37155-1:2020, 3.9]
3.10
regulator

agency or organization that supervises particular utilities with regards to regulations

Note 1 to entry: The roles in 3.4, 3.5, 3.6, 3.10, 3.11 and 3.12 can sometimes be performed by a single organization.

© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved 3
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ISO 37155-2:2021(E)
EXAMPLE Governmental agency.
[SOURCE: ISO 37155-1:2020, 3.10]
3.11
investor

organization that invests in development of smart community infrastructures (3.13)

Note 1 to entry: The roles of 3.4, 3.5, 3.6, 3.10, 3.11 and 3.12 can sometimes be performed by a single organization.

EXAMPLE Development bank, commercial bank.
[SOURCE: ISO 37155-1:2020, 3.11]
3.12
lender
organization that lends to developers (3.4), infrastructure own
...

FINAL
INTERNATIONAL ISO/FDIS
DRAFT
STANDARD 37155-2
ISO/TC 268/SC 1
Framework for integration and
Secretariat: JISC
operation of smart community
Voting begins on:
2021-02-02 infrastructures —
Voting terminates on:
Part 2:
2021-03-30
Holistic approach and the strategy
for development, operation and
maintenance of smart community
infrastructures
Cadre pour l’intégration et l’exploitation des infrastructures
communautaires intelligentes —
Partie 2: Approche holistique et stratégie de développement,
d'exploitation et de maintenance des infrastructures communautaires
intelligentes
RECIPIENTS OF THIS DRAFT ARE INVITED TO
SUBMIT, WITH THEIR COMMENTS, NOTIFICATION
OF ANY RELEVANT PATENT RIGHTS OF WHICH
THEY ARE AWARE AND TO PROVIDE SUPPOR TING
DOCUMENTATION.
IN ADDITION TO THEIR EVALUATION AS
Reference number
BEING ACCEPTABLE FOR INDUSTRIAL, TECHNO-
ISO/FDIS 37155-2:2021(E)
LOGICAL, COMMERCIAL AND USER PURPOSES,
DRAFT INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS MAY ON
OCCASION HAVE TO BE CONSIDERED IN THE
LIGHT OF THEIR POTENTIAL TO BECOME STAN-
DARDS TO WHICH REFERENCE MAY BE MADE IN
NATIONAL REGULATIONS. ISO 2021
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO/FDIS 37155-2:2021(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2021

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO/FDIS 37155-2:2021(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

Introduction ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................vi

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Understanding of smart community infrastructure layers ...................................................................................... 4

4.1 Smart community infrastructure system layer ........................................................................................................... 4

4.2 Smart community infrastructure layer .............................................................................................................................. 4

4.3 Smart community sub-infrastructure layer ................................................................................................................... 4

5 Benefits of applying this document .................................................................................................................................................. 4

5.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

5.2 General benefits ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

5.3 Benefits for community authorities ...................................................................................................................................... 5

5.4 Benefits for investors or lenders ............................................................................................................................................. 5

5.5 Benefits for developers, operators and infrastructure owners .................................................................... 5

5.6 Benefits for service providers .................................................................................................................................................... 6

5.7 Benefits for people in smart communities ...................................................................................................................... 6

6 Life cycle phases of smart community infrastructure ................................................................................................... 7

6.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 7

6.2 Initiation (phase 1) .............................................................................................................................................................................. 7

6.2.1 Smart community concept (phase 1-1)........................................................................................................ 7

6.3 Design of target infrastructures (phase 2) ...................................................................................................................... 8

6.3.1 Basic concept (phase 2-1) ........................................................................................................................................ 8

6.3.2 Basic plan (phase 2-2) ........................................................................................................................................... ...... 9

6.3.3 Fundamental design (phase 2-3) ....................................................................................................................10

6.3.4 Tendering (phase 2-4) ........................................................................................................................................... ...10

6.3.5 Implementation design (phase 2-5) ............................................................................................................11

6.4 Construction and assessment (phase 3) ........................................................................................................................11

6.4.1 Manufacturing, construction, and installation (phase 3-1) .....................................................11

6.4.2 Individual and combination tests and validation (phase 3-2) ..............................................11

6.4.3 Overall assessment of smart community infrastructures as a whole

(phase 3-3) .........................................................................................................................................................................12

6.5 Operation and maintenance (phase 4) ............................................................................................................................13

6.6 Redevelopment and rehabilitation (phase 5)............................................................................................................13

6.7 Decommissioning (phase 6) .....................................................................................................................................................14

7 General process to ensure consistency ......................................................................................................................................14

7.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................14

7.2 Process overview ...............................................................................................................................................................................14

7.3 Action items in V process (item 2 in Figure) ..............................................................................................................15

7.3.1 Item 1: Setting the targets for infrastructures ....................................................................................15

7.3.2 Item 2: Analyse the solutions for different infrastructures to achieve the

targets ....................................................................................................................................................................................15

7.3.3 Item 3: Validation and Verification ................................................................................................................15

7.3.4 Item 4: Monitoring the performance of infrastructures .............................................................15

7.3.5 Item 5: Improve the targets .................................................................................................................................15

8 Guidelines for ensuring consistency .............................................................................................................................................15

8.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................15

8.2 Smart community concept (phase 1-1) ..........................................................................................................................15

8.2.1 Recommendations for verification and validation ..........................................................................15

8.2.2 Responsibility ..................................................................................................................................................................16

8.3 Basic concept (phase 2-1) ..........................................................................................................................................................16

© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved iii
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ISO/FDIS 37155-2:2021(E)

8.3.1 Recommendations for verification ................................................................................................................16

8.3.2 Recommendations for validation ...................................................................................................................16

8.3.3 Responsibility ..................................................................................................................................................................16

8.4 Basic plan (phase 2-2) ...................................................................................................................................................................16

8.4.1 Recommendations for verification ................................................................................................................16

8.4.2 Recommendations for validation ...................................................................................................................17

8.4.3 Responsibility ..................................................................................................................................................................17

8.5 Fundamental design (phase 2-3) .........................................................................................................................................17

8.5.1 Recommendations for verification ................................................................................................................17

8.5.2 Recommendations for validation ...................................................................................................................17

8.5.3 Responsibility ..................................................................................................................................................................17

8.6 Tendering (phase 2-4) ...................................................................................................................................................................17

8.6.1 Recommendations for verification ................................................................................................................17

8.6.2 Responsibility ..................................................................................................................................................................18

8.7 Implementation design (phase 2-5) ..................................................................................................................................18

8.7.1 Recommendations for verification ................................................................................................................18

8.7.2 Recommendations for validation ...................................................................................................................18

8.7.3 Responsibility ..................................................................................................................................................................19

8.8 Manufacturing, construction and installation (phase 3-1) ............................................................................19

8.9 Individual and combination tests and validation (phase 3-2) ....................................................................19

8.10 Overall assessment and validation (phase 3-3) .......................................................................................................19

8.11 Operation and maintenance (phase 4) ............................................................................................................................19

8.11.1 Recommendations for verification ................................................................................................................19

8.11.2 Recommendations for validation ...................................................................................................................19

8.11.3 Responsibility ..................................................................................................................................................................20

8.12 Redevelopment and rehabilitation (phase 5)............................................................................................................20

8.12.1 Recommendations for verification and validation ..........................................................................20

8.12.2 Responsibility ..................................................................................................................................................................20

8.13 Decommissioning (phase 6) .....................................................................................................................................................20

8.13.1 Recommendations for verification ................................................................................................................20

8.13.2 Recommendations for validation ...................................................................................................................21

8.13.3 Responsibility ..................................................................................................................................................................21

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................22

iv © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
ISO/FDIS 37155-2:2021(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

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This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 268, Sustainable cities and communities,

Subcommittee SC 1, Smart community infrastructures.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

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ISO/FDIS 37155-2:2021(E)
Introduction

In the foreseeable future, urban density is likely to increase, resulting in further urbanization

complexity. From this perspective, a “smart community” approach is an important concept to address

the urban challenges by integrating different forms of infrastructures in a rational and efficient manner.

An important aspect of a smart community is integrating infrastructures as “a system of systems”.

In addition to that, smart community has various stakeholders including users, and each smart

community infrastructure has an extended scope lifecycle (See Figure 1). A major benefit of a system

of systems is that the sector specific performance of all infrastructures can be validated with regard to

their contribution to the overall goals of a community. As a result of this validation, these goals can be

adapted and improvement targets for each infrastructure can be derived. Thus, an intended concept of

a smart community being validated and updated through its lifecycle concerning the integration and

operation of smart community infrastructures is realized efficiently at all times (See Figure 2).

Until now, it has not been possible to ensure consistency across infrastructure types to meet the

requirements for smart community infrastructures as owners have focused on just assembling

solutions to each subsystem of infrastructures. In order to ensure consistency of the specification of

smart community infrastructures as a whole, firstly, functions of each subsystem need to be clarified

and arranged based on the needs for a smart community, and secondly, the perspectives of various

stakeholders and lifecycle of infrastructures need to be considered.

To solve the above issues and realize well-functioning smart community infrastructures as a whole,

infrastructure development and operation processes are expected to include a common framework, as

described in ISO/TR 37152, composed of three elements (See Figure 3):

— element (A), allocation of consistent specification requirements to each component of a system and

validation of the allocating procedures;

— element (B), specification requirements associated with interaction and adoption of adequate

measures into planning and operation;

— element (C), process to facilitate information sharing and communication among stakeholders.

On conducting the study, it was found that each stakeholder will have various benefits through applying

this framework. (See Clause 5)

This document provides the guideline to realize element (A), providing guidelines for specification to

ensure consistency of smart community infrastructure and to adopt adequate measures into planning

and operation. Part 1 is about element (B).
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ISO/FDIS 37155-2:2021(E)

NOTE The infrastructures, stakeholders and lifecycle phases pictured in this figure are only some of the

examples. Other infrastructure, such as urban agricultural system, might also be included.

Figure 1 — Characteristics of smart community infrastructure

Figure 2 — Workflow of a system of systems concerning integration and operation of smart

community infrastructures
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ISO/FDIS 37155-2:2021(E)
Figure 3 — Three elements of the framework
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FINAL DRAFT INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO/FDIS 37155-2:2021(E)
Framework for integration and operation of smart
community infrastructures —
Part 2:
Holistic approach and the strategy for development,
operation and maintenance of smart community
infrastructures
1 Scope

This document describes the interactions of smart community infrastructures (interactions between

multiple infrastructures, between infrastructures and stakeholders, and between infrastructures and

the external environment).

It describes the framework (a set of processes and methodologies) for these interactions to ensure the

consistency of smart community infrastructures is well identified and managed.

There are two potential use cases for this document. The first is for the green field site, where all the

smart community infrastructures can be designed and developed at the same time. This is of value to

planners and investors of major new infrastructure developments.

The second is for the brown field site and builds on the first and will support efficient management of

an existing urban area by taking into account the increasing interdependencies of the infrastructures

on each other and the way they should be managed as a system of systems. This document will also

take into account accelerating technological and environmental changes.

Since this framework aims to ensure the consistency among different systems consisting of smart

community infrastructures, the scope of this document does not overlap with any existing works that

are developed or being developed at the existing TCs addressing issues at individual infrastructure level.

NOTE This document describes a management case (not a management system), i.e. specific processes that

an organization needs to follow in order to meet specific objectives of this document.

2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 37155-1:2020, Framework for integration and operation of smart community infrastructures — Part 1:

Recommendations for considering opportunities and challenges from interactions in smart community

infrastructures from relevant aspects through the life cycle
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https:// www .iso .org/ obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at http:// www .electropedia .org/
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ISO/FDIS 37155-2:2021(E)
3.1
risk
effect of uncertainty on objectives

Note 1 to entry: An effect is a deviation from the expected — positive and/or negative.

Note 2 to entry: Objectives can have different aspects (such as financial, health and safety, and environmental

goals) and can apply at different levels (such as strategic, organization-wide, project, product and process).

Note 3 to entry: Risk is often characterized by reference to potential events and consequences, or a combination

of these.

Note 4 to entry: Risk is often expressed in terms of a combination of the consequences of an event (including

changes in circumstances) and the associated likelihood of occurrence.

Note 5 to entry: Uncertainty is the state, even partial, of deficiency of information related to, understanding or

knowledge of an event, its consequences or likelihood.
[SOURCE: ISO 31000: 2018, 3.1, modified — Notes to entry have been revised.]
3.2
verification

confirmation, through the provision of objective evidence, that specified requirements have been

fulfilled

Note 1 to entry: The objective evidence needed for a verification can be the result of an inspection or of other

forms of determination such as performing alternative calculations or reviewing documents.

Note 2 to entry: The activities carried out for verification are sometimes called a qualification process.

Note 3 to entry: The word “verified” is used to designate the corresponding status.

[SOURCE: ISO 9000:2015, 3.8.12]
3.3
validation

confirmation, through the provision of objective evidence, that the requirements for a specific intended

use or application have been fulfilled

Note 1 to entry: The objective evidence needed for a validation is the result of a test or other form of determination

such as performing alternative calculations or reviewing documents.

Note 2 to entry: The word “validated” is used to designate the corresponding status.

Note 3 to entry: The use conditions for validation can be real or simulated.
[SOURCE: ISO 9000:2015, 3.8.13]
3.4
developer

organization that is responsible for the development and operation of a smart community by organizing

smart community infrastructures (3.13) in whole, or in part

Note 1 to entry: A developer may order operators (3.6) to operate and maintain smart community infrastructures.

Note 2 to entry: The roles of 3.4, 3.5, 3.6, 3.10, 3.11 and 3.12 can sometimes be performed by a single organization.

EXAMPLE Private developer, municipality.
[SOURCE: ISO 37155-1:2020, 3.4]
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ISO/FDIS 37155-2:2021(E)
3.5
infrastructure owner
organization that owns community infrastructure that is, or could be, smart

Note 1 to entry: An infrastructure owner may order operators (3.6) to operate and maintain smart community

infrastructure (3.13).

Note 2 to entry: 1 to entry: The roles of 3.4, 3.5, 3.6, 3.10 and 3.12 are sometimes be performed by a single

organization.
EXAMPLE Owner of railway tracks, owner of sewage lines, municipality.
[SOURCE: ISO 37155-1:2020, 3.5]
3.6
operator

organization that is responsible for operating and maintaining community infrastructure that is, or

could be, smart

Note 1 to entry: An operator may order service providers (3.7) to supply a part of or the whole smart community

infrastructure(s)(3.13).

Note 2 to entry: The roles of 3.4, 3.5, 3.6, 3.10, 3.11 and 3.12 can sometimes be performed by a single organization.

Note 3 to entry: Service provider is included in operator. Operator includes service providers.

EXAMPLE Railway operator, power utilities.
[SOURCE: ISO 37155-1:2020, 3.6]
3.7
service provider

organization that is responsible for suppling a part of or the whole smart community infrastructure(s)(3.13)

EXAMPLE System integrator, component supplier, ICT vendor.
[SOURCE: ISO 37155-1:2020, 3.7]
3.8
consultant

organization that consults, advises on or creates solutions, and assists developers (3.4), infrastructure

owners (3.5), operators (3.6), service providers (3.7), community authorities (3.9) or investors (3.11)

utilizing its expertise, through development, operation and maintenance of smart community

infrastructure (3.13)
EXAMPLE Civil engineering firm, urban design engineering firm.
[SOURCE: ISO 37155-1:2020, 3.8]
3.9
community authority

organization that develops and maintains regulations to ensure safety, quality, and other important

performances of smart community infrastructure (3.13)

EXAMPLE Governmental agency, a municipality or its counterpart organization for rural areas.

[SOURCE: ISO 37155-1:2020, 3.9]
3.10
regulator

agency or organization that supervises particular utilities with regards to regulations

Note 1 to entry: The roles in 3.4
...

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