Information and documentation — International standard book number (ISBN)

The purpose of ISO 2108:2005 is to establish the specifications for the International Standard Book Number (ISBN) as a unique international identification system for each product form or edition of a monographic publication published or produced by a specific publisher. It specifies the construction of an ISBN, the rules for its assignment and use, the metadata to be associated with the ISBN allocation, and the administration of the ISBN system. ISO 2108:2005 is applicable to monographic publications (or their individual sections or chapters where these are made separately available) and certain types of related products that are available to the public. Examples of applicable and non-applicable products are provided.

Information et documentation — Numéro international normalisé du livre (ISBN)

L'ISO 2108:2005 a pour objet d'établir les spécifications faisant du Numéro international normalisé du livre (ISBN) un système d'identification international unique pour chaque forme du produit ou édition d'une monographie, publiée ou produite par un éditeur ou un producteur particulier. Elle spécifie la construction d'un ISBN, les règles pour son attribution et son utilisation, les métadonnées devant être associées à l'attribution de l'ISBN ainsi que l'administration du système ISBN. L'ISO 2108:2005 est applicable aux monographies (ou à leurs sections ou chapitres individuels lorsque ces derniers sont mis à disposition séparément) et à certains types de produits apparentés qui sont mis à la disposition du public. L'Annexe A fournit des exemples de produits pour lesquels la norme est ou non applicable.

Informatika in dokumentacija - Mednarodna standardna knjižna številka (ISBN)

General Information

Status
Withdrawn
Publication Date
29-May-2005
Withdrawal Date
29-May-2005
Current Stage
9599 - Withdrawal of International Standard
Start Date
15-Dec-2017
Completion Date
15-Dec-2017

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INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 2108
Fourth edition
2005-06-01
Information and documentation —
International Standard Book Number
(ISBN)
Information et documentation — Numéro international normalisé du
livre (ISBN)
Reference number
ISO 2108:2005(E)
ISO 2005
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO 2108:2005(E)
PDF disclaimer

This PDF file may contain embedded typefaces. In accordance with Adobe's licensing policy, this file may be printed or viewed but

shall not be edited unless the typefaces which are embedded are licensed to and installed on the computer performing the editing. In

downloading this file, parties accept therein the responsibility of not infringing Adobe's licensing policy. The ISO Central Secretariat

accepts no liability in this area.
Adobe is a trademark of Adobe Systems Incorporated.

Details of the software products used to create this PDF file can be found in the General Info relative to the file; the PDF-creation

parameters were optimized for printing. Every care has been taken to ensure that the file is suitable for use by ISO member bodies. In

the unlikely event that a problem relating to it is found, please inform the Central Secretariat at the address given below.

© ISO 2005

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means,

electronic or mechanical, including photocopying and microfilm, without permission in writing from either ISO at the address below or

ISO's member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
Case postale 56 • CH-1211 Geneva 20
Tel. + 41 22 749 01 11
Fax + 41 22 749 09 47
E-mail copyright@iso.org
Web www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2005 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO 2108:2005(E)
Contents Page

Foreword............................................................................................................................................................ iv

Introduction ........................................................................................................................................................ v

1 Scope ..................................................................................................................................................... 1

2 Normative references ........................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions........................................................................................................................... 1

4 Construction of an International Standard Book Number................................................................ 3

4.1 General structure of an ISBN............................................................................................................... 3

4.2 Prefix element ....................................................................................................................................... 3

4.3 Registration group element ................................................................................................................. 3

4.4 Registrant element................................................................................................................................ 4

4.5 Publication element.............................................................................................................................. 4

4.6 Check digit............................................................................................................................................. 4

5 Assignment of an ISBN ........................................................................................................................ 4

6 Location and display of the ISBN on publications............................................................................ 5

6.1 General................................................................................................................................................... 5

6.2 Printed publications ............................................................................................................................. 5

6.3 Electronic publications and other non-print product forms ............................................................ 5

6.4 Display of multiple ISBNs .................................................................................................................... 5

7 Fees........................................................................................................................................................ 5

8 Administration of the ISBN system..................................................................................................... 6

Annex A (normative) Principles for the assignment and use of the ISBN ................................................... 7

Annex B (normative) Administration of the ISBN system............................................................................ 10

Annex C (normative) Check digit for the 13 digit ISBN ................................................................................ 12

Annex D (informative) Ranges of ISBN .......................................................................................................... 14

Annex E (normative) Metadata for the registration of an assigned ISBN .................................................. 18

Annex F (informative) ISBN in the 10-digit format assigned prior to implementation of the fourth

edition of ISO 2108.............................................................................................................................. 19

Bibliography ..................................................................................................................................................... 21

© ISO 2005 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO 2108:2005(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards bodies

(ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out through ISO

technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical committee has been

established has the right to be represented on that committee. International organizations, governmental and

non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work. ISO collaborates closely with the

International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of electrotechnical standardization.

International Standards are drafted in accordance with the rules given in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.

The main task of technical committees is to prepare International Standards. Draft International Standards

adopted by the technical committees are circulated to the member bodies for voting. Publication as an

International Standard requires approval by at least 75 % of the member bodies casting a vote.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

ISO 2108 was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 46, Information and documentation, Subcommittee

SC 9, Identification and description.

This fourth edition cancels and replaces the third edition (ISO 2108:1992). It changes the ISBN to a 13 digit

identifier to increase substantially the numbering capacity of the global ISBN system and to harmonise the

format of the ISBN with the EAN-UCC product code system. Additional specifications on administration of the

ISBN system, the assignment of ISBN and associated metadata have been added.
iv © ISO 2005 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
ISO 2108:2005(E)
Introduction

Since its inception in 1970, the International Standard Book Number (ISBN) has been internationally

recognized as the identification system for the publishing industry and book trade. An ISBN accompanies a

monographic publication from its production and onwards throughout the supply and distribution chain.

The ISBN system serves as a key element of ordering and inventory systems for publishers, booksellers,

libraries and other organizations. It is the basis for collecting data on new and forthcoming editions of

monographic publications for directories used throughout the book trade. The use of ISBN also facilitates

rights management and the monitoring of sales data for the publishing industry.
© ISO 2005 – All rights reserved v
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 2108:2005(E)
Information and documentation — International Standard Book
Number (ISBN)
1 Scope

The purpose of this International Standard is to establish the specifications for the International Standard Book

Number (ISBN) as a unique international identification system for each product form or edition of a

monographic publication published or produced by a specific publisher. It specifies the construction of an

ISBN, the rules for its assignment and use, the metadata to be associated with the ISBN allocation, and the

administration of the ISBN system.

This International Standard is applicable to monographic publications (or their individual sections or chapters

where these are made separately available) and certain types of related products that are available to the

public. Examples of applicable and non-applicable products are provided in Annex A.

NOTE More detailed, operational guidance is provided in a users’ manual available from the Registration Authority

for this International Standard (see Clause 8).
2 Normative references

The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated

references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced

document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 639-2, Codes for the representation of names of languages — Part 2: Alpha-3 code

ISO 3166-1, Codes for the representation of names of countries and their subdivisions — Part 1: Country

codes

ISO 8601, Data elements and interchange formats — Information interchange — Representation of dates and

times

ISO/IEC 15420:2000, Information technology — Automatic identification and data capture techniques — Bar

code symbology specification — EAN/UPC
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.
3.1
EAN.UCC prefix
international product number prefix assigned by EAN International

NOTE Specific EAN.UCC prefixes are allocated solely for the use of the ISBN system (see 4.2).

© ISO 2005 – All rights reserved 1
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
ISO 2108:2005(E)
3.2
check digit

final character in the ISBN string which is related to all preceding characters in the string by a specified

mathematical algorithm and which may be used to verify the accuracy of the ISBN string

3.3
continuing resource

publication that is issued over time with no predetermined conclusion and made available to the public in any

product form, usually issued in successive or integrating issues which generally have numerical and/or

chronological designations

NOTE Continuing resources include serials such as newspapers, periodicals, journals, magazines, etc. and ongoing

integrating resources such as loose-leaf publications that are continually updated and web sites that are continually

updated.
3.4
edition

all copies of a publication embodying essentially the same content and issued by the same entity

NOTE A single edition of a publication may be published in multiple product forms.

3.5
integrating resource

publication either finite or with no predetermined conclusion, that is added to or changed by updates that do

not remain discrete and are integrated into the whole and made available to the public in any product form

NOTE Examples of integrating resources include updating loose-leaves and updating web sites.

3.6
ISBN

International Standard Book Number allocated to a registrant by an appointed ISBN registration agency in

accordance with the specifications of this International Standard
3.7
monographic publication

publication conceived as a whole in one part or within a finite number of parts by its publisher/author(s) and

made available to the public in any product form
3.8
print on demand publication

publication that is printed at the time a customer orders a copy of it rather than that copy being supplied from

existing stocks held by the distributor or publisher
3.9
product form
size, binding, medium and/or data format of a publication

EXAMPLE The same edition of a novel may appear in the following product forms: paperback; hardback; cassette

audio-book; CD audio-book; Braille, etc.
3.10
registrant

person or organization that has requested and received an ISBN for a monographic publication from an

appointed ISBN registration agency
3.11
registration group

area of operation defined by the Registration Authority for ISO 2108 within which one or more appointed ISBN

registration agencies function
2 © ISO 2005 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
ISO 2108:2005(E)
4 Construction of an International Standard Book Number
4.1 General structure of an ISBN

As of 1st January 2007, all agencies of the ISBN system shall only assign ISBNs which consist of thirteen

digits made up of the following elements.
a) prefix element;
b) registration group element;
c) registrant element;
d) publication element;
e) check digit.

For specifications concerning 10 digit ISBNs assigned prior to 1st January 2007, see Annex F.

When an ISBN is displayed in human readable form (i.e. a form meant primarily to be read or written by a

person, in contrast to a form primarily meant to be used by data processing equipment), it shall be preceded

by the letters ISBN and each of the elements of the ISBN should be separated from the others by a hyphen

as in the following example.
EXAMPLE: ISBN 978-90-70002-34-3
4.2 Prefix element

The first element of a 13 digit ISBN shall be a 3 digit prefix specified by the International ISBN Agency in

conformance with the global EAN.UCC product numbering system. This prefix is made available to the

International ISBN Agency by EAN International. This prefix included in the 13-digit product number indicates

that this product number originates with and is part of the ISBN system.

Technical information specifying valid EAN.UCC prefixes for ISBN use shall be available from the International

ISBN Agency.
4.3 Registration group element

The second element of a 13 digit ISBN shall indicate the registration group. It identifies the national,

geographic, language or other such grouping within which one or more ISBN agencies operate.

The registration group element is allocated by the International ISBN Agency.
1) These digits are the Arabic numerals 0 to 9 only.

2) In countries where the Latin alphabet is not used, the appropriate abbreviation for “International Standard Book

Number” in the local script may be given in conjunction with the required letters ISBN in the Latin alphabet.

© ISO 2005 – All rights reserved 3
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
ISO 2108:2005(E)

The registration group element varies in length according to the publishing output within the group concerned.

The length of this element for any registration group is determined by the International ISBN Agency.

Technical information which specifies validation rules for registration group length shall be available from the

International ISBN Agency.
4.4 Registrant element

The third element of a 13 digit ISBN shall indicate the registrant for that ISBN. This element shall be allocated

by the ISBN registration agency appointed for this purpose within each registration group. In the majority of

cases, the registrant element shall refer to one publisher. Under certain circumstances more than one

publisher may share a registrant element, usually as a result of mergers or other commercial activities

involving particular titles. ISBN registration agencies may reserve a common block of registrant elements for

the purpose of assigning individual ISBN to single title publishers.

The registrant element varies in length according to the projected title output of each publisher. The length of

this element shall be determined by the ISBN registration agency in accordance with the agreed specifications

of the ISBN system for assigning ranges of the ISBN (see Annex D). Technical information that specifies

validation rules for registrant length within a particular registrant group shall be available from the International

ISBN Agency (see Annex D).
4.5 Publication element

The fourth element of a 13 digit ISBN shall be the publication element. The publication element shall be

allocated in accordance with the specifications of Annex A. It is usually allocated by the publisher of the

monographic publication although in some cases ISBN registration agencies may choose to assign an

individual ISBN to single title publishers by allocating single publication elements from within a common

registrant element block reserved for that purpose.

The length of the publication element is determined by the length of the registration group and registrant

elements that precede it.
4.6 Check digit

The fifth and final element of a 13 digit ISBN is the check digit. The check digit for a 13 digit ISBN is calculated

using a modulus 10 algorithm. Further details on this method are provided in Annex C.

5 Assignment of an ISBN

5.1 A registrant element shall be allocated to a publisher, upon application, by an appointed ISBN

registration agency from the range of ISBNs allocated to that agency by the International ISBN Agency. ISBN

registration agencies may assign an individual ISBN to single title publishers from a common registrant

element block reserved for that purpose.

5.2 Each time an ISBN is assigned, the registrant should supply the relevant ISBN registration agency or its

designated bibliographic agency with metadata specific to the publication to which the ISBN has been

assigned (see Annex E).

5.3 Once an ISBN is assigned to a publication, that ISBN shall not be altered, replaced or re-used.

5.4 A separate ISBN shall be assigned to each separate monographic publication, or separate edition of a

monographic publication issued by a publisher. A separate ISBN shall be assigned to each different language

edition of a monographic publication.

5.5 Different product forms (e.g. hardcover, paperback, Braille, audio-book, video, online electronic

publication) shall be assigned separate ISBNs. Each different format of an electronic publication (e.g. “.lit”,

“.pdf”, “.html”, “.pdb”) that is published and made separately available shall be given a separate ISBN.

4 © ISO 2005 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
ISO 2108:2005(E)

5.6 A separate ISBN shall be assigned if there have been significant changes to any part or parts of a

publication. A separate ISBN shall be assigned if there has been a change to the title of a publication.

A separate ISBN shall not be assigned to a publication unchanged in edition or product form or publisher.

A separate ISBN shall not be assigned for changes in the price of a publication or for small changes such as

corrections of misprints.
6 Location and display of the ISBN on publications
6.1 General
The ISBN shall always appear on the item itself.
6.2 Printed publications

6.2.1 The ISBN shall be printed on the verso of the title page of the publication or, if this is not possible, at

the foot of the title page itself or in conjunction with the copyright notice.

6.2.2 The ISBN shall also be printed at the foot of the outside back cover, if practicable, and/or at the foot of

the back of the jacket. If neither of these positions is possible, then the ISBN shall be printed in some other

prominent position on the outside of the publication.

6.2.3 The ISBN shall be represented in machine-readable form as a bar code on the publication. When an

ISBN is represented as a bar code it shall use the EAN bar code symbology in accordance with

ISO/IEC 15420. In a bar code the ISBN should be displayed in human readable form immediately above the

bar code symbol.
6.3 Electronic publications and other non-print product forms

6.3.1 If the publication involves visual display of content stored in electronic form (e.g. an online publication),

the ISBN shall appear on the page or screen that displays the title or its equivalent (e.g. the initial screen

displayed when the content is first accessed and/or on the screen that carries the copyright notice).

6.3.2 If the publication is issued as a physical object (e.g. a compact disc, cassette or diskette), the ISBN

shall be displayed on any labels permanently affixed to that object.

If it is not possible to display the ISBN on the object or its label, then the ISBN shall be displayed at the bottom

of the back of any permanent packaging for that object (e.g. the box, sleeve or frame).

6.3.3 The ISBN should be included in any metadata embedded in the publication as well as being visibly

placed in the text.
6.4 Display of multiple ISBNs

In cases where ISBNs for different product forms of a publication appear together on a publication, the

individual ISBNs should be listed one above the other. Each ISBN in a list of multiple ISBNs shall be qualified

by information on the specific product form to which it refers.
7 Fees

Fees may be charged for the assignment of ISBNs by appointed ISBN registration agencies. Any such fees

shall be reasonable.
© ISO 2005 – All rights reserved 5
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
ISO 2108:2005(E)
8 Administration of the ISBN system

The Registration Authority for this International Standard shall be the International ISBN Agency . The ISBN

system shall be supervised, coordinated and administered by the International ISBN Agency and, as

appropriate, by ISBN registration agencies appointed by the International ISBN Agency.

The principal tasks of the International ISBN Agency and of ISBN registration agencies are outlined in

Annex B.

3) Contact (until 2006-03-31): Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin, Preussischer Kulturbesitz, 10772 Berlin, Germany.

Telephone: (+49 30) 266-2496. Telefax: (+49 30) 266-2378. E-mail: isbn@sbb.spk-berlin.de.

Web site: .
6 © ISO 2005 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
ISO 2108:2005(E)
Annex A
(normative)
Principles for the assignment and use of the ISBN
A.1 General

A.1.1 The assignment of an ISBN to a monographic publication, regardless of product form, shall not imply

any meaning or value as legal evidence with regard to the ownership of rights to that publication.

A.1.2 A separate ISBN shall be assigned to each distinct monographic publication or edition of a

monographic publication issued by a publisher. Different product forms of a publication where these are made

separately available shall be assigned separate ISBNs. Different language versions of a publication shall be

assigned separate ISBNs.

A.1.3 The same ISBN shall not be assigned to more than one edition or product form of a publication.

A.1.4 Once assigned to a publication, an ISBN shall never be re-used for another publication, even if the

ISBN is found to have been issued in error. A registrant who determines that an ISBN has been erroneously

assigned shall report the erroneous ISBN to the relevant local ISBN registration agency.

A.1.5 Each revised edition of a publication shall be assigned a separate ISBN. Minor changes in an edition

(e.g. corrections to misprints) shall not require a separate ISBN.

A.1.6 A separate ISBN shall not be assigned to an unchanged impression or unchanged reprint of the same

publication, issued in the same product form by the same publisher.

A.1.7 A change in the product form in which a particular publication is published shall require a separate

ISBN; e.g. hardcover, paperback, Braille, microform, software, video and online electronic versions and

product forms of the same publication shall each require a separate ISBN.

A.1.8 A separate ISBN shall not be assigned if the only change to a publication is its price.

A.1.9 Some examples of types of monographic publications to which an ISBN may be assigned are:

a) printed books and pamphlets (and their various product forms);
b) Braille publications;

c) publications which are not intended by the publisher to be regularly updated or continued indefinitely;

d) educational/instructional films, videos and transparencies;
e) audio books on cassette or CD or DVD (talking books);

f) electronic publications either on physical carriers (such as machine-readable tapes, diskettes, CD-ROMs)

or on the internet;
g) digitized copies of print monographic publications;
h) microform publications;
i) educational or instructional software;
© ISO 2005 – All rights reserved 7
---------------------- Page: 12 ----------------------
ISO 2108:2005(E)
j) mixed media publications where the principal constituent is text-based.

Further information is provided in the Users’ Manual available from the International ISBN Agency.

A.1.10 Some examples of the types of material to which an ISBN shall not be assigned are:

a) continuing resources (e.g. serials, series without predetermined conclusion and ongoing integrating

resources);
b) ephemeral printed materials such as advertising matter and the like;
c) printed music;
d) art prints and art folders without title page and text;

e) personal documents (such as electronic curriculum vitae and personal profiles);

f) greetings cards;
g) music sound recordings;

h) software that is intended for any purpose other than educational or instructional;

i) electronic bulletin boards;
j) emails and other electronic correspondence;
k) games.

Further information is provided in the Users' Manual available from the International ISBN Agency.

A.1.11 An ISBN shall not be assigned to abstract entities such as textual works and other abstract creations

of intellectual or artistic content; e.g. each specific product form of the novel “Moby Dick” is eligible for an

ISBN but the novel itself, as an abstract textual work, shall not be assigned a separate ISBN.

A.2 Multi-volume publications

An ISBN shall be assigned to the complete set of volumes where a publication comprises more than one

volume. If individual volumes of the set are also available separately, then each volume shall be assigned its

own unique ISBN. The title page verso of the individual volume shall state the ISBN for the respective volume

and should also state the ISBN for the set.

In cases where individual volumes are not intended to be available separately (such as the individual volumes

of an encyclopaedia), it is recommended that an ISBN still be assigned to each separate volume in order to

facilitate distribution and returns processing.
A.3 Publications issued as part of a series

When a publication is made available to the public both individually and as a part of a series, it shall be

regarded as two separate publications, each of which shall be assigned a separate ISBN.

8 © ISO 2005 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 13 ----------------------
ISO 2108:2005(E)
A.4 Co-publication

When a publication is published jointly or as a co-edition by two or more publishers, each of the co-publishers

may assign its own ISBN and display each of them on the copyright page. However, only one ISBN shall be

displayed as a bar code on the publication.
A.5 Reprints

A.5.1 A separate ISBN may be assigned if the same publication is published under a different imprint name

by the same publisher.

A.5.2 A separate ISBN shall be assigned when a publication is republished under the imprint of a different

publisher.
A.6 Print on demand publications

Print on demand publications are subject to the basic rules specified in Clause 5 for the assignment of an

ISBN.

A print on demand version of a publication where the content has been specifically customized or

personalized for a user and which has limited availability shall not receive an ISBN.

A.7 Electronic publications

Electronic publications are subject to the basic rules specified in Clause 5 for assignment of an ISBN.

© ISO 2005 – All rights reserved 9
---------------------- Page: 14 ----------------------
ISO 2108:2005(E)
Annex B
(normative)
Administration of the ISBN system
B.1 General

The ISBN system is an identification system for monographic publications. It is administered by the

International ISBN Agency and by appointed ISBN registration agencies in accordance with the specifications

outlined in B.2 and B.3.
B.2 International ISBN Agency

The International ISBN Agency shall provide the services described in a) to k) below.

a) Promote, co-ordinate and supervise the ISBN system in compliance with the specifications of this

International Standard and represent the interests of the ISBN community to other relevant organizations.

b) Appoint appropriate organizations as ISBN registration agencies and revoke such appointments as

necessary.

c) Define registration groups and their areas of operation and allocate them to appropri

...

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST ISO 2108:2005
01-november-2005
Informatika in dokumentacija - Mednarodna standardna knjižna številka (ISBN)
Information and documentation -- International standard book number (ISBN)
Information et documentation -- Numéro international normalisé du livre (ISBN)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: ISO 2108:2005
ICS:
01.140.20 Informacijske vede Information sciences
SIST ISO 2108:2005 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST ISO 2108:2005
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST ISO 2108:2005
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 2108
Fourth edition
2005-06-01
Information and documentation —
International Standard Book Number
(ISBN)
Information et documentation — Numéro international normalisé du
livre (ISBN)
Reference number
ISO 2108:2005(E)
ISO 2005
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST ISO 2108:2005
ISO 2108:2005(E)
PDF disclaimer

This PDF file may contain embedded typefaces. In accordance with Adobe's licensing policy, this file may be printed or viewed but

shall not be edited unless the typefaces which are embedded are licensed to and installed on the computer performing the editing. In

downloading this file, parties accept therein the responsibility of not infringing Adobe's licensing policy. The ISO Central Secretariat

accepts no liability in this area.
Adobe is a trademark of Adobe Systems Incorporated.

Details of the software products used to create this PDF file can be found in the General Info relative to the file; the PDF-creation

parameters were optimized for printing. Every care has been taken to ensure that the file is suitable for use by ISO member bodies. In

the unlikely event that a problem relating to it is found, please inform the Central Secretariat at the address given below.

© ISO 2005

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means,

electronic or mechanical, including photocopying and microfilm, without permission in writing from either ISO at the address below or

ISO's member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
Case postale 56 • CH-1211 Geneva 20
Tel. + 41 22 749 01 11
Fax + 41 22 749 09 47
E-mail copyright@iso.org
Web www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2005 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
SIST ISO 2108:2005
ISO 2108:2005(E)
Contents Page

Foreword............................................................................................................................................................ iv

Introduction ........................................................................................................................................................ v

1 Scope ..................................................................................................................................................... 1

2 Normative references ........................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions........................................................................................................................... 1

4 Construction of an International Standard Book Number................................................................ 3

4.1 General structure of an ISBN............................................................................................................... 3

4.2 Prefix element ....................................................................................................................................... 3

4.3 Registration group element ................................................................................................................. 3

4.4 Registrant element................................................................................................................................ 4

4.5 Publication element.............................................................................................................................. 4

4.6 Check digit............................................................................................................................................. 4

5 Assignment of an ISBN ........................................................................................................................ 4

6 Location and display of the ISBN on publications............................................................................ 5

6.1 General................................................................................................................................................... 5

6.2 Printed publications ............................................................................................................................. 5

6.3 Electronic publications and other non-print product forms ............................................................ 5

6.4 Display of multiple ISBNs .................................................................................................................... 5

7 Fees........................................................................................................................................................ 5

8 Administration of the ISBN system..................................................................................................... 6

Annex A (normative) Principles for the assignment and use of the ISBN ................................................... 7

Annex B (normative) Administration of the ISBN system............................................................................ 10

Annex C (normative) Check digit for the 13 digit ISBN ................................................................................ 12

Annex D (informative) Ranges of ISBN .......................................................................................................... 14

Annex E (normative) Metadata for the registration of an assigned ISBN .................................................. 18

Annex F (informative) ISBN in the 10-digit format assigned prior to implementation of the fourth

edition of ISO 2108.............................................................................................................................. 19

Bibliography ..................................................................................................................................................... 21

© ISO 2005 – All rights reserved iii
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SIST ISO 2108:2005
ISO 2108:2005(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards bodies

(ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out through ISO

technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical committee has been

established has the right to be represented on that committee. International organizations, governmental and

non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work. ISO collaborates closely with the

International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of electrotechnical standardization.

International Standards are drafted in accordance with the rules given in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.

The main task of technical committees is to prepare International Standards. Draft International Standards

adopted by the technical committees are circulated to the member bodies for voting. Publication as an

International Standard requires approval by at least 75 % of the member bodies casting a vote.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

ISO 2108 was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 46, Information and documentation, Subcommittee

SC 9, Identification and description.

This fourth edition cancels and replaces the third edition (ISO 2108:1992). It changes the ISBN to a 13 digit

identifier to increase substantially the numbering capacity of the global ISBN system and to harmonise the

format of the ISBN with the EAN-UCC product code system. Additional specifications on administration of the

ISBN system, the assignment of ISBN and associated metadata have been added.
iv © ISO 2005 – All rights reserved
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SIST ISO 2108:2005
ISO 2108:2005(E)
Introduction

Since its inception in 1970, the International Standard Book Number (ISBN) has been internationally

recognized as the identification system for the publishing industry and book trade. An ISBN accompanies a

monographic publication from its production and onwards throughout the supply and distribution chain.

The ISBN system serves as a key element of ordering and inventory systems for publishers, booksellers,

libraries and other organizations. It is the basis for collecting data on new and forthcoming editions of

monographic publications for directories used throughout the book trade. The use of ISBN also facilitates

rights management and the monitoring of sales data for the publishing industry.
© ISO 2005 – All rights reserved v
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SIST ISO 2108:2005
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SIST ISO 2108:2005
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 2108:2005(E)
Information and documentation — International Standard Book
Number (ISBN)
1 Scope

The purpose of this International Standard is to establish the specifications for the International Standard Book

Number (ISBN) as a unique international identification system for each product form or edition of a

monographic publication published or produced by a specific publisher. It specifies the construction of an

ISBN, the rules for its assignment and use, the metadata to be associated with the ISBN allocation, and the

administration of the ISBN system.

This International Standard is applicable to monographic publications (or their individual sections or chapters

where these are made separately available) and certain types of related products that are available to the

public. Examples of applicable and non-applicable products are provided in Annex A.

NOTE More detailed, operational guidance is provided in a users’ manual available from the Registration Authority

for this International Standard (see Clause 8).
2 Normative references

The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated

references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced

document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 639-2, Codes for the representation of names of languages — Part 2: Alpha-3 code

ISO 3166-1, Codes for the representation of names of countries and their subdivisions — Part 1: Country

codes

ISO 8601, Data elements and interchange formats — Information interchange — Representation of dates and

times

ISO/IEC 15420:2000, Information technology — Automatic identification and data capture techniques — Bar

code symbology specification — EAN/UPC
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.
3.1
EAN.UCC prefix
international product number prefix assigned by EAN International

NOTE Specific EAN.UCC prefixes are allocated solely for the use of the ISBN system (see 4.2).

© ISO 2005 – All rights reserved 1
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ISO 2108:2005(E)
3.2
check digit

final character in the ISBN string which is related to all preceding characters in the string by a specified

mathematical algorithm and which may be used to verify the accuracy of the ISBN string

3.3
continuing resource

publication that is issued over time with no predetermined conclusion and made available to the public in any

product form, usually issued in successive or integrating issues which generally have numerical and/or

chronological designations

NOTE Continuing resources include serials such as newspapers, periodicals, journals, magazines, etc. and ongoing

integrating resources such as loose-leaf publications that are continually updated and web sites that are continually

updated.
3.4
edition

all copies of a publication embodying essentially the same content and issued by the same entity

NOTE A single edition of a publication may be published in multiple product forms.

3.5
integrating resource

publication either finite or with no predetermined conclusion, that is added to or changed by updates that do

not remain discrete and are integrated into the whole and made available to the public in any product form

NOTE Examples of integrating resources include updating loose-leaves and updating web sites.

3.6
ISBN

International Standard Book Number allocated to a registrant by an appointed ISBN registration agency in

accordance with the specifications of this International Standard
3.7
monographic publication

publication conceived as a whole in one part or within a finite number of parts by its publisher/author(s) and

made available to the public in any product form
3.8
print on demand publication

publication that is printed at the time a customer orders a copy of it rather than that copy being supplied from

existing stocks held by the distributor or publisher
3.9
product form
size, binding, medium and/or data format of a publication

EXAMPLE The same edition of a novel may appear in the following product forms: paperback; hardback; cassette

audio-book; CD audio-book; Braille, etc.
3.10
registrant

person or organization that has requested and received an ISBN for a monographic publication from an

appointed ISBN registration agency
3.11
registration group

area of operation defined by the Registration Authority for ISO 2108 within which one or more appointed ISBN

registration agencies function
2 © ISO 2005 – All rights reserved
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SIST ISO 2108:2005
ISO 2108:2005(E)
4 Construction of an International Standard Book Number
4.1 General structure of an ISBN

As of 1st January 2007, all agencies of the ISBN system shall only assign ISBNs which consist of thirteen

digits made up of the following elements.
a) prefix element;
b) registration group element;
c) registrant element;
d) publication element;
e) check digit.

For specifications concerning 10 digit ISBNs assigned prior to 1st January 2007, see Annex F.

When an ISBN is displayed in human readable form (i.e. a form meant primarily to be read or written by a

person, in contrast to a form primarily meant to be used by data processing equipment), it shall be preceded

by the letters ISBN and each of the elements of the ISBN should be separated from the others by a hyphen

as in the following example.
EXAMPLE: ISBN 978-90-70002-34-3
4.2 Prefix element

The first element of a 13 digit ISBN shall be a 3 digit prefix specified by the International ISBN Agency in

conformance with the global EAN.UCC product numbering system. This prefix is made available to the

International ISBN Agency by EAN International. This prefix included in the 13-digit product number indicates

that this product number originates with and is part of the ISBN system.

Technical information specifying valid EAN.UCC prefixes for ISBN use shall be available from the International

ISBN Agency.
4.3 Registration group element

The second element of a 13 digit ISBN shall indicate the registration group. It identifies the national,

geographic, language or other such grouping within which one or more ISBN agencies operate.

The registration group element is allocated by the International ISBN Agency.
1) These digits are the Arabic numerals 0 to 9 only.

2) In countries where the Latin alphabet is not used, the appropriate abbreviation for “International Standard Book

Number” in the local script may be given in conjunction with the required letters ISBN in the Latin alphabet.

© ISO 2005 – All rights reserved 3
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SIST ISO 2108:2005
ISO 2108:2005(E)

The registration group element varies in length according to the publishing output within the group concerned.

The length of this element for any registration group is determined by the International ISBN Agency.

Technical information which specifies validation rules for registration group length shall be available from the

International ISBN Agency.
4.4 Registrant element

The third element of a 13 digit ISBN shall indicate the registrant for that ISBN. This element shall be allocated

by the ISBN registration agency appointed for this purpose within each registration group. In the majority of

cases, the registrant element shall refer to one publisher. Under certain circumstances more than one

publisher may share a registrant element, usually as a result of mergers or other commercial activities

involving particular titles. ISBN registration agencies may reserve a common block of registrant elements for

the purpose of assigning individual ISBN to single title publishers.

The registrant element varies in length according to the projected title output of each publisher. The length of

this element shall be determined by the ISBN registration agency in accordance with the agreed specifications

of the ISBN system for assigning ranges of the ISBN (see Annex D). Technical information that specifies

validation rules for registrant length within a particular registrant group shall be available from the International

ISBN Agency (see Annex D).
4.5 Publication element

The fourth element of a 13 digit ISBN shall be the publication element. The publication element shall be

allocated in accordance with the specifications of Annex A. It is usually allocated by the publisher of the

monographic publication although in some cases ISBN registration agencies may choose to assign an

individual ISBN to single title publishers by allocating single publication elements from within a common

registrant element block reserved for that purpose.

The length of the publication element is determined by the length of the registration group and registrant

elements that precede it.
4.6 Check digit

The fifth and final element of a 13 digit ISBN is the check digit. The check digit for a 13 digit ISBN is calculated

using a modulus 10 algorithm. Further details on this method are provided in Annex C.

5 Assignment of an ISBN

5.1 A registrant element shall be allocated to a publisher, upon application, by an appointed ISBN

registration agency from the range of ISBNs allocated to that agency by the International ISBN Agency. ISBN

registration agencies may assign an individual ISBN to single title publishers from a common registrant

element block reserved for that purpose.

5.2 Each time an ISBN is assigned, the registrant should supply the relevant ISBN registration agency or its

designated bibliographic agency with metadata specific to the publication to which the ISBN has been

assigned (see Annex E).

5.3 Once an ISBN is assigned to a publication, that ISBN shall not be altered, replaced or re-used.

5.4 A separate ISBN shall be assigned to each separate monographic publication, or separate edition of a

monographic publication issued by a publisher. A separate ISBN shall be assigned to each different language

edition of a monographic publication.

5.5 Different product forms (e.g. hardcover, paperback, Braille, audio-book, video, online electronic

publication) shall be assigned separate ISBNs. Each different format of an electronic publication (e.g. “.lit”,

“.pdf”, “.html”, “.pdb”) that is published and made separately available shall be given a separate ISBN.

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5.6 A separate ISBN shall be assigned if there have been significant changes to any part or parts of a

publication. A separate ISBN shall be assigned if there has been a change to the title of a publication.

A separate ISBN shall not be assigned to a publication unchanged in edition or product form or publisher.

A separate ISBN shall not be assigned for changes in the price of a publication or for small changes such as

corrections of misprints.
6 Location and display of the ISBN on publications
6.1 General
The ISBN shall always appear on the item itself.
6.2 Printed publications

6.2.1 The ISBN shall be printed on the verso of the title page of the publication or, if this is not possible, at

the foot of the title page itself or in conjunction with the copyright notice.

6.2.2 The ISBN shall also be printed at the foot of the outside back cover, if practicable, and/or at the foot of

the back of the jacket. If neither of these positions is possible, then the ISBN shall be printed in some other

prominent position on the outside of the publication.

6.2.3 The ISBN shall be represented in machine-readable form as a bar code on the publication. When an

ISBN is represented as a bar code it shall use the EAN bar code symbology in accordance with

ISO/IEC 15420. In a bar code the ISBN should be displayed in human readable form immediately above the

bar code symbol.
6.3 Electronic publications and other non-print product forms

6.3.1 If the publication involves visual display of content stored in electronic form (e.g. an online publication),

the ISBN shall appear on the page or screen that displays the title or its equivalent (e.g. the initial screen

displayed when the content is first accessed and/or on the screen that carries the copyright notice).

6.3.2 If the publication is issued as a physical object (e.g. a compact disc, cassette or diskette), the ISBN

shall be displayed on any labels permanently affixed to that object.

If it is not possible to display the ISBN on the object or its label, then the ISBN shall be displayed at the bottom

of the back of any permanent packaging for that object (e.g. the box, sleeve or frame).

6.3.3 The ISBN should be included in any metadata embedded in the publication as well as being visibly

placed in the text.
6.4 Display of multiple ISBNs

In cases where ISBNs for different product forms of a publication appear together on a publication, the

individual ISBNs should be listed one above the other. Each ISBN in a list of multiple ISBNs shall be qualified

by information on the specific product form to which it refers.
7 Fees

Fees may be charged for the assignment of ISBNs by appointed ISBN registration agencies. Any such fees

shall be reasonable.
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SIST ISO 2108:2005
ISO 2108:2005(E)
8 Administration of the ISBN system

The Registration Authority for this International Standard shall be the International ISBN Agency . The ISBN

system shall be supervised, coordinated and administered by the International ISBN Agency and, as

appropriate, by ISBN registration agencies appointed by the International ISBN Agency.

The principal tasks of the International ISBN Agency and of ISBN registration agencies are outlined in

Annex B.

3) Contact (until 2006-03-31): Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin, Preussischer Kulturbesitz, 10772 Berlin, Germany.

Telephone: (+49 30) 266-2496. Telefax: (+49 30) 266-2378. E-mail: isbn@sbb.spk-berlin.de.

Web site: .
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ISO 2108:2005(E)
Annex A
(normative)
Principles for the assignment and use of the ISBN
A.1 General

A.1.1 The assignment of an ISBN to a monographic publication, regardless of product form, shall not imply

any meaning or value as legal evidence with regard to the ownership of rights to that publication.

A.1.2 A separate ISBN shall be assigned to each distinct monographic publication or edition of a

monographic publication issued by a publisher. Different product forms of a publication where these are made

separately available shall be assigned separate ISBNs. Different language versions of a publication shall be

assigned separate ISBNs.

A.1.3 The same ISBN shall not be assigned to more than one edition or product form of a publication.

A.1.4 Once assigned to a publication, an ISBN shall never be re-used for another publication, even if the

ISBN is found to have been issued in error. A registrant who determines that an ISBN has been erroneously

assigned shall report the erroneous ISBN to the relevant local ISBN registration agency.

A.1.5 Each revised edition of a publication shall be assigned a separate ISBN. Minor changes in an edition

(e.g. corrections to misprints) shall not require a separate ISBN.

A.1.6 A separate ISBN shall not be assigned to an unchanged impression or unchanged reprint of the same

publication, issued in the same product form by the same publisher.

A.1.7 A change in the product form in which a particular publication is published shall require a separate

ISBN; e.g. hardcover, paperback, Braille, microform, software, video and online electronic versions and

product forms of the same publication shall each require a separate ISBN.

A.1.8 A separate ISBN shall not be assigned if the only change to a publication is its price.

A.1.9 Some examples of types of monographic publications to which an ISBN may be assigned are:

a) printed books and pamphlets (and their various product forms);
b) Braille publications;

c) publications which are not intended by the publisher to be regularly updated or continued indefinitely;

d) educational/instructional films, videos and transparencies;
e) audio books on cassette or CD or DVD (talking books);

f) electronic publications either on physical carriers (such as machine-readable tapes, diskettes, CD-ROMs)

or on the internet;
g) digitized copies of print monographic publications;
h) microform publications;
i) educational or instructional software;
© ISO 2005 – All rights reserved 7
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SIST ISO 2108:2005
ISO 2108:2005(E)
j) mixed media publications where the principal constituent is text-based.

Further information is provided in the Users’ Manual available from the International ISBN Agency.

A.1.10 Some examples of the types of material to which an ISBN shall not be assigned are:

a) continuing resources (e.g. serials, series without predetermined conclusion and ongoing integrating

resources);
b) ephemeral printed materials such as advertising matter and the like;
c) printed music;
d) art prints and art folders without title page and text;

e) personal documents (such as electronic curriculum vitae and personal profiles);

f) greetings cards;
g) music sound recordings;

h) software that is intended for any purpose other than educational or instructional;

i) electronic bulletin boards;
j) emails and other electronic correspondence;
k) games.

Further information is provided in the Users' Manual available from the International ISBN Agency.

A.1.11 An ISBN shall not be assigned to abstract entities such as textual works and other abstract creations

of intellectual or artistic content; e.g. each specific product form of the novel “Moby Dick” is eligible for an

ISBN but the novel itself, as an abstract textual work, shall not be assigned a separate ISBN.

A.2 Multi-volume publications

An ISBN shall be assigned to the complete set of volumes where a publication comprises more than one

volume. If individual volumes of the set are also available separately, then each volume shall be assigned its

own unique ISBN. The title page verso of the individual volume shall state the ISBN for the respective volume

and should also state the ISBN for the set.

In cases where individual volumes are not intended to be available separately (such as the individual volumes

of an encyclopaedia), it is recommended that an ISBN still be assigned to each separate volume in order to

facilitate distribution and returns processing.
A.3 Publications issued as part of a series

When a publication is made available to the public both individually and as a part of a series, it shall be

regarded as two separate publications, each of which shall be assigned a separate ISBN.

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ISO 2108:2005(E)
A.4 Co-publication

When a publication is published jointly or as a co-edition by two or more publishers, each of the co-publishers

may assign its own ISBN and display each of them on the copyright page. However, only one ISBN shall be

displayed as a bar code on the publication.
A.5 Reprints

A.5.1 A separate ISBN may be assigned if the same publication is published under a different imprint name

by the same publisher.

A.5.2 A separate ISBN shall be assigned when a publication is republished under the imprint of a different

publisher.
A.6 Print on demand publications

Print on demand publications are subject to the basic rules specified in Clause 5 for the assignment of an

ISBN.

A print on demand version of a publication where the content has been specifically customized or

personalized for a user and which has limited availability shall not receive an ISBN.

A.7 Electronic publications
Electronic pub
...

INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 2108
Fourth edition
2005-06-01
Information and documentation —
International Standard Book Number
(ISBN)
Information et documentation — Numéro international normalisé du
livre (ISBN)
Reference number
ISO 2108:2005(E)
ISO 2005
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO 2108:2005(E)
PDF disclaimer

This PDF file may contain embedded typefaces. In accordance with Adobe's licensing policy, this file may be printed or viewed but

shall not be edited unless the typefaces which are embedded are licensed to and installed on the computer performing the editing. In

downloading this file, parties accept therein the responsibility of not infringing Adobe's licensing policy. The ISO Central Secretariat

accepts no liability in this area.
Adobe is a trademark of Adobe Systems Incorporated.

Details of the software products used to create this PDF file can be found in the General Info relative to the file; the PDF-creation

parameters were optimized for printing. Every care has been taken to ensure that the file is suitable for use by ISO member bodies. In

the unlikely event that a problem relating to it is found, please inform the Central Secretariat at the address given below.

© ISO 2005

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means,

electronic or mechanical, including photocopying and microfilm, without permission in writing from either ISO at the address below or

ISO's member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
Case postale 56 • CH-1211 Geneva 20
Tel. + 41 22 749 01 11
Fax + 41 22 749 09 47
E-mail copyright@iso.org
Web www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2005 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO 2108:2005(E)
Contents Page

Foreword............................................................................................................................................................ iv

Introduction ........................................................................................................................................................ v

1 Scope ..................................................................................................................................................... 1

2 Normative references ........................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions........................................................................................................................... 1

4 Construction of an International Standard Book Number................................................................ 3

4.1 General structure of an ISBN............................................................................................................... 3

4.2 Prefix element ....................................................................................................................................... 3

4.3 Registration group element ................................................................................................................. 3

4.4 Registrant element................................................................................................................................ 4

4.5 Publication element.............................................................................................................................. 4

4.6 Check digit............................................................................................................................................. 4

5 Assignment of an ISBN ........................................................................................................................ 4

6 Location and display of the ISBN on publications............................................................................ 5

6.1 General................................................................................................................................................... 5

6.2 Printed publications ............................................................................................................................. 5

6.3 Electronic publications and other non-print product forms ............................................................ 5

6.4 Display of multiple ISBNs .................................................................................................................... 5

7 Fees........................................................................................................................................................ 5

8 Administration of the ISBN system..................................................................................................... 6

Annex A (normative) Principles for the assignment and use of the ISBN ................................................... 7

Annex B (normative) Administration of the ISBN system............................................................................ 10

Annex C (normative) Check digit for the 13 digit ISBN ................................................................................ 12

Annex D (informative) Ranges of ISBN .......................................................................................................... 14

Annex E (normative) Metadata for the registration of an assigned ISBN .................................................. 18

Annex F (informative) ISBN in the 10-digit format assigned prior to implementation of the fourth

edition of ISO 2108.............................................................................................................................. 19

Bibliography ..................................................................................................................................................... 21

© ISO 2005 – All rights reserved iii
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ISO 2108:2005(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards bodies

(ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out through ISO

technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical committee has been

established has the right to be represented on that committee. International organizations, governmental and

non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work. ISO collaborates closely with the

International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of electrotechnical standardization.

International Standards are drafted in accordance with the rules given in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.

The main task of technical committees is to prepare International Standards. Draft International Standards

adopted by the technical committees are circulated to the member bodies for voting. Publication as an

International Standard requires approval by at least 75 % of the member bodies casting a vote.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

ISO 2108 was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 46, Information and documentation, Subcommittee

SC 9, Identification and description.

This fourth edition cancels and replaces the third edition (ISO 2108:1992). It changes the ISBN to a 13 digit

identifier to increase substantially the numbering capacity of the global ISBN system and to harmonise the

format of the ISBN with the EAN-UCC product code system. Additional specifications on administration of the

ISBN system, the assignment of ISBN and associated metadata have been added.
iv © ISO 2005 – All rights reserved
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ISO 2108:2005(E)
Introduction

Since its inception in 1970, the International Standard Book Number (ISBN) has been internationally

recognized as the identification system for the publishing industry and book trade. An ISBN accompanies a

monographic publication from its production and onwards throughout the supply and distribution chain.

The ISBN system serves as a key element of ordering and inventory systems for publishers, booksellers,

libraries and other organizations. It is the basis for collecting data on new and forthcoming editions of

monographic publications for directories used throughout the book trade. The use of ISBN also facilitates

rights management and the monitoring of sales data for the publishing industry.
© ISO 2005 – All rights reserved v
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INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 2108:2005(E)
Information and documentation — International Standard Book
Number (ISBN)
1 Scope

The purpose of this International Standard is to establish the specifications for the International Standard Book

Number (ISBN) as a unique international identification system for each product form or edition of a

monographic publication published or produced by a specific publisher. It specifies the construction of an

ISBN, the rules for its assignment and use, the metadata to be associated with the ISBN allocation, and the

administration of the ISBN system.

This International Standard is applicable to monographic publications (or their individual sections or chapters

where these are made separately available) and certain types of related products that are available to the

public. Examples of applicable and non-applicable products are provided in Annex A.

NOTE More detailed, operational guidance is provided in a users’ manual available from the Registration Authority

for this International Standard (see Clause 8).
2 Normative references

The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated

references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced

document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 639-2, Codes for the representation of names of languages — Part 2: Alpha-3 code

ISO 3166-1, Codes for the representation of names of countries and their subdivisions — Part 1: Country

codes

ISO 8601, Data elements and interchange formats — Information interchange — Representation of dates and

times

ISO/IEC 15420:2000, Information technology — Automatic identification and data capture techniques — Bar

code symbology specification — EAN/UPC
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.
3.1
EAN.UCC prefix
international product number prefix assigned by EAN International

NOTE Specific EAN.UCC prefixes are allocated solely for the use of the ISBN system (see 4.2).

© ISO 2005 – All rights reserved 1
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ISO 2108:2005(E)
3.2
check digit

final character in the ISBN string which is related to all preceding characters in the string by a specified

mathematical algorithm and which may be used to verify the accuracy of the ISBN string

3.3
continuing resource

publication that is issued over time with no predetermined conclusion and made available to the public in any

product form, usually issued in successive or integrating issues which generally have numerical and/or

chronological designations

NOTE Continuing resources include serials such as newspapers, periodicals, journals, magazines, etc. and ongoing

integrating resources such as loose-leaf publications that are continually updated and web sites that are continually

updated.
3.4
edition

all copies of a publication embodying essentially the same content and issued by the same entity

NOTE A single edition of a publication may be published in multiple product forms.

3.5
integrating resource

publication either finite or with no predetermined conclusion, that is added to or changed by updates that do

not remain discrete and are integrated into the whole and made available to the public in any product form

NOTE Examples of integrating resources include updating loose-leaves and updating web sites.

3.6
ISBN

International Standard Book Number allocated to a registrant by an appointed ISBN registration agency in

accordance with the specifications of this International Standard
3.7
monographic publication

publication conceived as a whole in one part or within a finite number of parts by its publisher/author(s) and

made available to the public in any product form
3.8
print on demand publication

publication that is printed at the time a customer orders a copy of it rather than that copy being supplied from

existing stocks held by the distributor or publisher
3.9
product form
size, binding, medium and/or data format of a publication

EXAMPLE The same edition of a novel may appear in the following product forms: paperback; hardback; cassette

audio-book; CD audio-book; Braille, etc.
3.10
registrant

person or organization that has requested and received an ISBN for a monographic publication from an

appointed ISBN registration agency
3.11
registration group

area of operation defined by the Registration Authority for ISO 2108 within which one or more appointed ISBN

registration agencies function
2 © ISO 2005 – All rights reserved
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ISO 2108:2005(E)
4 Construction of an International Standard Book Number
4.1 General structure of an ISBN

As of 1st January 2007, all agencies of the ISBN system shall only assign ISBNs which consist of thirteen

digits made up of the following elements.
a) prefix element;
b) registration group element;
c) registrant element;
d) publication element;
e) check digit.

For specifications concerning 10 digit ISBNs assigned prior to 1st January 2007, see Annex F.

When an ISBN is displayed in human readable form (i.e. a form meant primarily to be read or written by a

person, in contrast to a form primarily meant to be used by data processing equipment), it shall be preceded

by the letters ISBN and each of the elements of the ISBN should be separated from the others by a hyphen

as in the following example.
EXAMPLE: ISBN 978-90-70002-34-3
4.2 Prefix element

The first element of a 13 digit ISBN shall be a 3 digit prefix specified by the International ISBN Agency in

conformance with the global EAN.UCC product numbering system. This prefix is made available to the

International ISBN Agency by EAN International. This prefix included in the 13-digit product number indicates

that this product number originates with and is part of the ISBN system.

Technical information specifying valid EAN.UCC prefixes for ISBN use shall be available from the International

ISBN Agency.
4.3 Registration group element

The second element of a 13 digit ISBN shall indicate the registration group. It identifies the national,

geographic, language or other such grouping within which one or more ISBN agencies operate.

The registration group element is allocated by the International ISBN Agency.
1) These digits are the Arabic numerals 0 to 9 only.

2) In countries where the Latin alphabet is not used, the appropriate abbreviation for “International Standard Book

Number” in the local script may be given in conjunction with the required letters ISBN in the Latin alphabet.

© ISO 2005 – All rights reserved 3
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ISO 2108:2005(E)

The registration group element varies in length according to the publishing output within the group concerned.

The length of this element for any registration group is determined by the International ISBN Agency.

Technical information which specifies validation rules for registration group length shall be available from the

International ISBN Agency.
4.4 Registrant element

The third element of a 13 digit ISBN shall indicate the registrant for that ISBN. This element shall be allocated

by the ISBN registration agency appointed for this purpose within each registration group. In the majority of

cases, the registrant element shall refer to one publisher. Under certain circumstances more than one

publisher may share a registrant element, usually as a result of mergers or other commercial activities

involving particular titles. ISBN registration agencies may reserve a common block of registrant elements for

the purpose of assigning individual ISBN to single title publishers.

The registrant element varies in length according to the projected title output of each publisher. The length of

this element shall be determined by the ISBN registration agency in accordance with the agreed specifications

of the ISBN system for assigning ranges of the ISBN (see Annex D). Technical information that specifies

validation rules for registrant length within a particular registrant group shall be available from the International

ISBN Agency (see Annex D).
4.5 Publication element

The fourth element of a 13 digit ISBN shall be the publication element. The publication element shall be

allocated in accordance with the specifications of Annex A. It is usually allocated by the publisher of the

monographic publication although in some cases ISBN registration agencies may choose to assign an

individual ISBN to single title publishers by allocating single publication elements from within a common

registrant element block reserved for that purpose.

The length of the publication element is determined by the length of the registration group and registrant

elements that precede it.
4.6 Check digit

The fifth and final element of a 13 digit ISBN is the check digit. The check digit for a 13 digit ISBN is calculated

using a modulus 10 algorithm. Further details on this method are provided in Annex C.

5 Assignment of an ISBN

5.1 A registrant element shall be allocated to a publisher, upon application, by an appointed ISBN

registration agency from the range of ISBNs allocated to that agency by the International ISBN Agency. ISBN

registration agencies may assign an individual ISBN to single title publishers from a common registrant

element block reserved for that purpose.

5.2 Each time an ISBN is assigned, the registrant should supply the relevant ISBN registration agency or its

designated bibliographic agency with metadata specific to the publication to which the ISBN has been

assigned (see Annex E).

5.3 Once an ISBN is assigned to a publication, that ISBN shall not be altered, replaced or re-used.

5.4 A separate ISBN shall be assigned to each separate monographic publication, or separate edition of a

monographic publication issued by a publisher. A separate ISBN shall be assigned to each different language

edition of a monographic publication.

5.5 Different product forms (e.g. hardcover, paperback, Braille, audio-book, video, online electronic

publication) shall be assigned separate ISBNs. Each different format of an electronic publication (e.g. “.lit”,

“.pdf”, “.html”, “.pdb”) that is published and made separately available shall be given a separate ISBN.

4 © ISO 2005 – All rights reserved
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ISO 2108:2005(E)

5.6 A separate ISBN shall be assigned if there have been significant changes to any part or parts of a

publication. A separate ISBN shall be assigned if there has been a change to the title of a publication.

A separate ISBN shall not be assigned to a publication unchanged in edition or product form or publisher.

A separate ISBN shall not be assigned for changes in the price of a publication or for small changes such as

corrections of misprints.
6 Location and display of the ISBN on publications
6.1 General
The ISBN shall always appear on the item itself.
6.2 Printed publications

6.2.1 The ISBN shall be printed on the verso of the title page of the publication or, if this is not possible, at

the foot of the title page itself or in conjunction with the copyright notice.

6.2.2 The ISBN shall also be printed at the foot of the outside back cover, if practicable, and/or at the foot of

the back of the jacket. If neither of these positions is possible, then the ISBN shall be printed in some other

prominent position on the outside of the publication.

6.2.3 The ISBN shall be represented in machine-readable form as a bar code on the publication. When an

ISBN is represented as a bar code it shall use the EAN bar code symbology in accordance with

ISO/IEC 15420. In a bar code the ISBN should be displayed in human readable form immediately above the

bar code symbol.
6.3 Electronic publications and other non-print product forms

6.3.1 If the publication involves visual display of content stored in electronic form (e.g. an online publication),

the ISBN shall appear on the page or screen that displays the title or its equivalent (e.g. the initial screen

displayed when the content is first accessed and/or on the screen that carries the copyright notice).

6.3.2 If the publication is issued as a physical object (e.g. a compact disc, cassette or diskette), the ISBN

shall be displayed on any labels permanently affixed to that object.

If it is not possible to display the ISBN on the object or its label, then the ISBN shall be displayed at the bottom

of the back of any permanent packaging for that object (e.g. the box, sleeve or frame).

6.3.3 The ISBN should be included in any metadata embedded in the publication as well as being visibly

placed in the text.
6.4 Display of multiple ISBNs

In cases where ISBNs for different product forms of a publication appear together on a publication, the

individual ISBNs should be listed one above the other. Each ISBN in a list of multiple ISBNs shall be qualified

by information on the specific product form to which it refers.
7 Fees

Fees may be charged for the assignment of ISBNs by appointed ISBN registration agencies. Any such fees

shall be reasonable.
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ISO 2108:2005(E)
8 Administration of the ISBN system

The Registration Authority for this International Standard shall be the International ISBN Agency . The ISBN

system shall be supervised, coordinated and administered by the International ISBN Agency and, as

appropriate, by ISBN registration agencies appointed by the International ISBN Agency.

The principal tasks of the International ISBN Agency and of ISBN registration agencies are outlined in

Annex B.

3) Contact (until 2006-03-31): Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin, Preussischer Kulturbesitz, 10772 Berlin, Germany.

Telephone: (+49 30) 266-2496. Telefax: (+49 30) 266-2378. E-mail: isbn@sbb.spk-berlin.de.

Web site: .
6 © ISO 2005 – All rights reserved
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ISO 2108:2005(E)
Annex A
(normative)
Principles for the assignment and use of the ISBN
A.1 General

A.1.1 The assignment of an ISBN to a monographic publication, regardless of product form, shall not imply

any meaning or value as legal evidence with regard to the ownership of rights to that publication.

A.1.2 A separate ISBN shall be assigned to each distinct monographic publication or edition of a

monographic publication issued by a publisher. Different product forms of a publication where these are made

separately available shall be assigned separate ISBNs. Different language versions of a publication shall be

assigned separate ISBNs.

A.1.3 The same ISBN shall not be assigned to more than one edition or product form of a publication.

A.1.4 Once assigned to a publication, an ISBN shall never be re-used for another publication, even if the

ISBN is found to have been issued in error. A registrant who determines that an ISBN has been erroneously

assigned shall report the erroneous ISBN to the relevant local ISBN registration agency.

A.1.5 Each revised edition of a publication shall be assigned a separate ISBN. Minor changes in an edition

(e.g. corrections to misprints) shall not require a separate ISBN.

A.1.6 A separate ISBN shall not be assigned to an unchanged impression or unchanged reprint of the same

publication, issued in the same product form by the same publisher.

A.1.7 A change in the product form in which a particular publication is published shall require a separate

ISBN; e.g. hardcover, paperback, Braille, microform, software, video and online electronic versions and

product forms of the same publication shall each require a separate ISBN.

A.1.8 A separate ISBN shall not be assigned if the only change to a publication is its price.

A.1.9 Some examples of types of monographic publications to which an ISBN may be assigned are:

a) printed books and pamphlets (and their various product forms);
b) Braille publications;

c) publications which are not intended by the publisher to be regularly updated or continued indefinitely;

d) educational/instructional films, videos and transparencies;
e) audio books on cassette or CD or DVD (talking books);

f) electronic publications either on physical carriers (such as machine-readable tapes, diskettes, CD-ROMs)

or on the internet;
g) digitized copies of print monographic publications;
h) microform publications;
i) educational or instructional software;
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ISO 2108:2005(E)
j) mixed media publications where the principal constituent is text-based.

Further information is provided in the Users’ Manual available from the International ISBN Agency.

A.1.10 Some examples of the types of material to which an ISBN shall not be assigned are:

a) continuing resources (e.g. serials, series without predetermined conclusion and ongoing integrating

resources);
b) ephemeral printed materials such as advertising matter and the like;
c) printed music;
d) art prints and art folders without title page and text;

e) personal documents (such as electronic curriculum vitae and personal profiles);

f) greetings cards;
g) music sound recordings;

h) software that is intended for any purpose other than educational or instructional;

i) electronic bulletin boards;
j) emails and other electronic correspondence;
k) games.

Further information is provided in the Users' Manual available from the International ISBN Agency.

A.1.11 An ISBN shall not be assigned to abstract entities such as textual works and other abstract creations

of intellectual or artistic content; e.g. each specific product form of the novel “Moby Dick” is eligible for an

ISBN but the novel itself, as an abstract textual work, shall not be assigned a separate ISBN.

A.2 Multi-volume publications

An ISBN shall be assigned to the complete set of volumes where a publication comprises more than one

volume. If individual volumes of the set are also available separately, then each volume shall be assigned its

own unique ISBN. The title page verso of the individual volume shall state the ISBN for the respective volume

and should also state the ISBN for the set.

In cases where individual volumes are not intended to be available separately (such as the individual volumes

of an encyclopaedia), it is recommended that an ISBN still be assigned to each separate volume in order to

facilitate distribution and returns processing.
A.3 Publications issued as part of a series

When a publication is made available to the public both individually and as a part of a series, it shall be

regarded as two separate publications, each of which shall be assigned a separate ISBN.

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ISO 2108:2005(E)
A.4 Co-publication

When a publication is published jointly or as a co-edition by two or more publishers, each of the co-publishers

may assign its own ISBN and display each of them on the copyright page. However, only one ISBN shall be

displayed as a bar code on the publication.
A.5 Reprints

A.5.1 A separate ISBN may be assigned if the same publication is published under a different imprint name

by the same publisher.

A.5.2 A separate ISBN shall be assigned when a publication is republished under the imprint of a different

publisher.
A.6 Print on demand publications

Print on demand publications are subject to the basic rules specified in Clause 5 for the assignment of an

ISBN.

A print on demand version of a publication where the content has been specifically customized or

personalized for a user and which has limited availability shall not receive an ISBN.

A.7 Electronic publications

Electronic publications are subject to the basic rules specified in Clause 5 for assignment of an ISBN.

© ISO 2005 – All rights reserved 9
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ISO 2108:2005(E)
Annex B
(normative)
Administration of the ISBN system
B.1 General

The ISBN system is an identification system for monographic publications. It is administered by the

International ISBN Agency and by appointed ISBN registration agencies in accordance with the specifications

outlined in B.2 and B.3.
B.2 International ISBN Agency

The International ISBN Agency shall provide the services described in a) to k) below.

a) Promote, co-ordinate and supervise the ISBN system in compliance with the specifications of this

International Standard and represent the interests of the ISBN community to other relevant organizations.

b) Appoint appropriate organizations as ISBN registration agencies and revoke such appointments as

necessary.
c) Define registration groups and their areas of operation
...

NORME ISO
INTERNATIONALE 2108
Quatrième édition
2005-06-01
Version corrigée
2005-12-15
Information et documentation — Numéro
international normalisé du livre (ISBN)
Information and documentation — International Standard Book Number
(ISBN)
Numéro de référence
ISO 2108:2005(F)
ISO 2005
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO 2108:2005(F)
PDF – Exonération de responsabilité

Le présent fichier PDF peut contenir des polices de caractères intégrées. Conformément aux conditions de licence d'Adobe, ce fichier

peut être imprimé ou visualisé, mais ne doit pas être modifié à moins que l'ordinateur employé à cet effet ne bénéficie d'une licence

autorisant l'utilisation de ces polices et que celles-ci y soient installées. Lors du téléchargement de ce fichier, les parties concernées

acceptent de fait la responsabilité de ne pas enfreindre les conditions de licence d'Adobe. Le Secrétariat central de l'ISO décline toute

responsabilité en la matière.
Adobe est une marque déposée d'Adobe Systems Incorporated.

Les détails relatifs aux produits logiciels utilisés pour la création du présent fichier PDF sont disponibles dans la rubrique General Info

du fichier; les paramètres de création PDF ont été optimisés pour l'impression. Toutes les mesures ont été prises pour garantir

l'exploitation de ce fichier par les comités membres de l'ISO. Dans le cas peu probable où surviendrait un problème d'utilisation,

veuillez en informer le Secrétariat central à l'adresse donnée ci-dessous.
© ISO 2005

Droits de reproduction réservés. Sauf prescription différente, aucune partie de cette édition ne peut être reproduite ni utilisée sous

quelque forme que ce soit et par aucun procédé, électronique ou mécanique, y compris la photocopie et les microfilms, sans l'accord écrit

de l'ISO à l'adresse ci-après ou du comité membre de l'ISO dans le pays du demandeur.

ISO copyright office
Case postale 56 • CH-1211 Geneva 20
Tel. + 41 22 749 01 11
Fax. + 41 22 749 09 47
E-mail copyright@iso.org
Web www.iso.org
Publié en Suisse
ii © ISO 2005 – Tous droits réservés
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ISO 2108:2005(F)
Sommaire Page

Avant-propos..................................................................................................................................................... iv

Introduction ........................................................................................................................................................ v

1 Domaine d'application.......................................................................................................................... 1

2 Références normatives ........................................................................................................................ 1

3 Termes et définitions............................................................................................................................ 1

4 Composition du Numéro international normalisé du livre ............................................................... 3

4.1 Structure générale d'un ISBN .............................................................................................................. 3

4.2 Élément du préfixe................................................................................................................................ 3

4.3 Élément du groupe d'enregistrement ................................................................................................. 4

4.4 Élément du déclarant............................................................................................................................ 4

4.5 Élément de la publication .................................................................................................................... 4

4.6 Chiffre de contrôle................................................................................................................................ 4

5 Attribution d'un ISBN ........................................................................................................................... 4

6 Emplacement et affichage de l'ISBN sur les publications................................................................ 5

6.1 Généralités ............................................................................................................................................ 5

6.2 Publications imprimées ....................................................................................................................... 5

6.3 Publications électroniques et autres formes du produit non imprimées ....................................... 5

6.4 Affichage de plusieurs ISBN................................................................................................................ 6

7 Frais de participation............................................................................................................................ 6

8 Administration du système ISBN ........................................................................................................ 6

Annexe A (normative) Principes d'attribution et d'utilisation de l'ISBN....................................................... 7

Annexe B (normative) Administration du système ISBN ............................................................................. 10

Annexe C (normative) Chiffre de contrôle de l'ISBN à 13 chiffres .............................................................. 12

Annexe D (informative) Séquences d'ISBN ................................................................................................... 14

Annexe E (normative) Métadonnées pour l'enregistrement des ISBN attribués....................................... 19

Annexe F (informative) ISBN au format à 10 chiffres attribué avant l'application de la quatrième

édition de l'ISO 2108........................................................................................................................... 20

Bibliographie .................................................................................................................................................... 22

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ISO 2108:2005(F)
Avant-propos

L'ISO (Organisation internationale de normalisation) est une fédération mondiale d'organismes nationaux de

normalisation (comités membres de l'ISO). L'élaboration des Normes internationales est en général confiée

aux comités techniques de l'ISO. Chaque comité membre intéressé par une étude a le droit de faire partie du

comité technique créé à cet effet. Les organisations internationales, gouvernementales et non

gouvernementales, en liaison avec l'ISO participent également aux travaux. L'ISO collabore étroitement avec

la Commission électrotechnique internationale (CEI) en ce qui concerne la normalisation électrotechnique.

Les Normes internationales sont rédigées conformément aux règles données dans les Directives ISO/CEI,

Partie 2.

La tâche principale des comités techniques est d'élaborer les Normes internationales. Les projets de Normes

internationales adoptés par les comités techniques sont soumis aux comités membres pour vote. Leur édition

comme Normes internationales requiert l'approbation de 75 % au moins des comités membres votants.

L'attention est appelée sur le fait que certains des éléments du présent document peuvent faire l'objet de

droits de propriété intellectuelle ou de droits analogues. L'ISO ne saurait être tenue pour responsable de ne

pas avoir identifié de tels droits de propriété et averti de leur existence.

L'ISO 2108 a été élaborée par le comité technique ISO/TC 46, Information et documentation, sous-comité

SC 9, Identification et description.

Cette quatrième édition annule et remplace la troisième édition (ISO 2108:1992). Elle transforme l'ISBN en un

identificateur à 13 chiffres afin d'accroître de façon substantielle la capacité de numérotation du système

mondial de l'ISBN et afin d'harmoniser le format de l'ISBN et le système de code de l'EAN-UCC pour les

produits. Des spécifications supplémentaires sur l'administration du système ISBN, sur l'attribution de l'ISBN

et sur les métadonnées associées y ont été ajoutées.

La présente version corrigée de l'ISO 2108:2005 incorpore les corrections suivantes:

 Pages 1 et 8, remplacer «manuel de l'utilisateur» par «Manuel de l'utilisateur» à la dernière phrase de

A.1.9 et A.1.10.
 Page 5, 6.3.1 et 6.3.2, remplacer «l'édition» par «la publication».
 Page 6, Article 7, remplacer le titre actuel par «Frais de participation».

 Page 8, A.1.9, point i), remplacer «logiciels éducatifs ou didactiques» par «logiciels pédagogiques et

éducatifs».

 Page 8, A.1.10, point i), remplacer «logiciels pédagogiques et éducatifs» par «babillards électroniques».

iv © ISO 2005 – Tous droits réservés
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ISO 2108:2005(F)
Introduction

Depuis son introduction en 1970 le Numéro international normalisé du livre (ISBN) a été reconnu sur le plan

international comme le système d'identification dans l'industrie de la publication et le commerce du livre. Un

ISBN accompagne une monographie tout au long de la chaîne d'approvisionnement et de distribution, dès sa

production.

Le système ISBN est pour les éditeurs, libraires, bibliothèques et autres organismes un élément clé de leurs

systèmes de commande et d'inventaire. Pour les répertoires utilisés dans le commerce du livre, c'est la base

de la collecte des données sur les nouvelles publications des monographies et celles à paraître. L'utilisation

de l'ISBN facilite également la gestion des droits et le contrôle des ventes pour l'industrie de la publication.

© ISO 2005 – Tous droits réservés v
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NORME INTERNATIONALE ISO 2108:2005(F)
Information et documentation — Numéro international
normalisé du livre (ISBN)
1 Domaine d'application

La présente Norme internationale a pour objet d'établir les spécifications faisant du Numéro international

normalisé du livre (ISBN) un système d'identification international unique pour chaque forme du produit ou la

publication d'une monographie, publiée ou produite par un éditeur ou un producteur particulier. Elle spécifie la

construction d'un ISBN, les règles pour son attribution et son utilisation, les métadonnées devant être

associées à l'attribution de l'ISBN ainsi que l'administration du système ISBN.

La présente Norme internationale est applicable aux monographies (ou à leurs sections ou chapitres

individuels lorsque ces derniers sont mis à disposition séparément) et à certains types de produits apparentés

qui sont mis à la disposition du public. L'Annexe A fournit des exemples de produits pour lesquels la norme

est ou non applicable.

NOTE Un Manuel de l'utilisateur, disponible auprès de l'Autorité d'enregistrement pour la présente Norme

internationale (voir Article 8), fournit des directives pratiques plus détaillées.

2 Références normatives

Les documents de référence suivants sont indispensables pour l'application du présent document. Pour les

références datées, seule édition citée s'applique. Pour les références non datées, la dernière édition du

document de référence s'applique (y compris les éventuels amendements).

ISO 639-2, Codes pour la représentation des noms de langue — Partie 2: Code alpha-3

ISO 3166-1, Codes pour la représentation des noms de pays et de leurs subdivisions — Partie 1: Codes de

pays

ISO 8601, Éléments de données et formats d'échange — Échange d'information — Représentation de la date

et de l'heure

ISO/CEI 15420:2000, Technologies de l'information — Techniques d'identification automatique et de capture

des données — Spécifications pour les symboles des codes à barres — EAN/UPC
3 Termes et définitions

Pour les besoins du présent document, les termes et définitions suivants s'appliquent.

3.1
préfixe EAN.UCC
préfixe du numéro international de produit attribué par EAN international

NOTE Des préfixes EAN.UCC spécifiques sont attribués exclusivement à l'usage du système ISBN (voir 4.2).

© ISO 2005 – Tous droits réservés 1
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ISO 2108:2005(F)
3.2
chiffre de contrôle

dernier caractère de la chaîne de l'ISBN qui est relié aux autres caractères précédents de la chaîne par un

algorithme mathématique déterminé et qui sert à vérifier la pertinence de la chaîne de I'ISBN

3.3
ressource continue

publication qui se poursuit au cours du temps sans que la fin en soit prédéterminée, mise à la disposition du

public sous toute forme du produit et qui paraît habituellement en livraisons qui se succèdent ou s'intègrent et

qui, en général, portent une indication d'ordre et/ou de chronologie

NOTE Les ressources continues comprennent des publications en série comme les journaux, les périodiques, les

revues, les magazines, etc. ainsi que des ressources intégratrices permanentes comme les publications à feuillets

mobiles perpétuellement mises à jour et les sites sur la toile perpétuellement mis à jour.

3.4
édition

ensemble des exemplaires d'une publication matérialisant essentiellement le même contenu et publiés par la

même entité

NOTE Une seule édition d'une publication peut être publiée sous de multiples formes du produit.

3.5
ressource intégratrice

publication, soit finie soit sans fin prédéterminée, qui est ajoutée ou modifiée par des mises à jour qui ne

restent pas distinctes mais qui sont intégrées ensuite à l'ensemble de la publication et mises à la disposition

du public sous toute forme du produit

NOTE Les ressources intégratrices comprennent les publications à feuillets mobiles à mise à jour et les sites sur la

toile à mise à jour.
3.6
ISBN

numéro international normalisé du livre attribué à un déclarant par une agence désignée d'enregistrement de

l'ISBN, conformément aux spécifications de la présente Norme internationale
3.7
monographie

publication conçue comme un tout, en une partie ou en un nombre fini de parties, par son(ses)

éditeur(s)/auteur(s) et mise à la disposition du public sous toute forme du produit

3.8
publication imprimée à la demande

publication imprimée au moment où le client en commande un exemplaire au lieu que cet exemplaire soit

fourni sur le fonds existant détenu par le distributeur ou l'éditeur
3.9
forme du produit
taille, reliure, support et/ou format de données d'une publication

EXEMPLE La même édition d'un roman peut apparaître sous les formes du produit suivantes:

broché, relié, livre audio sur cassette, livre audio sur disque compact, en braille, etc.

2 © ISO 2005 – Tous droits réservés
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ISO 2108:2005(F)
3.10
déclarant

personne ou organisme qui a sollicité et obtenu un ISBN pour une monographie, auprès d'une agence

désignée d'enregistrement de l'ISBN
3.11
groupe d'enregistrement

zone d'opération définie par l'Autorité d'enregistrement pour l'ISO 2108 et dans les limites de laquelle opère

une — ou plusieurs agences — désignée pour l'enregistrement de l'ISBN
4 Composition du Numéro international normalisé du livre
4.1 Structure générale d'un ISBN

Au 1 janvier 2007 toutes les agences de l'ISBN devront attribuer exclusivement des ISBN constitués de

treize chiffres et composés des éléments suivants:
a) élément du préfixe;
b) élément du groupe d'enregistrement;
c) élément du déclarant;
d) élément de la publication;
e) chiffre de contrôle.

Pour ce qui est des spécifications relatives aux ISBN à 10 chiffres attribués avant le 1 janvier 2007, voir

Annexe F.

Lorsqu'un ISBN est indiqué sous une forme lisible à l'œil nu (c'est-à-dire sous une forme destinée

essentiellement à la lecture ou l'écriture par une personne, par opposition à une forme essentiellement

destinée à une exploitation par matériel de traitement de données), il doit être précédé des lettres «ISBN» et

il convient qu'un trait d'union sépare chacun de ces éléments, comme dans l'exemple suivant:

EXEMPLE ISBN 978-90-70002-34-3
4.2 Élément du préfixe

Le premier élément d'un ISBN à 13 chiffres doit être le préfixe à trois chiffres défini par l'Agence internationale

de l'ISBN et conforme au système mondial EAN.UCC de numérotation des produits. Ce préfixe est délivré par

EAN international à l'Agence internationale de l'ISBN. Ce préfixe, inclus dans le numéro de produit à

13 chiffres, montre que ce numéro de produit qui en découle provient du système ISBN et en fait partie.

L'information technique qui spécifie quels sont les préfixes EAN.UCC valides pour un usage au titre de l'ISBN,

est disponible auprès de l'Agence internationale de l'ISBN.
1) Ces chiffres sont uniquement les chiffres arabes de 0 à 9.

2) Dans les pays n’usant pas de l’alphabet latin, il est possible de faire figurer, dans l’écriture du pays, l’abréviation

appropriée pour «Numéro international normalisé du livre» obligatoirement accompagnée des lettres «ISBN» en alphabet

latin.
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ISO 2108:2005(F)
4.3 Élément du groupe d'enregistrement

Le deuxième élément d'un ISBN à 13 chiffres doit indiquer le groupe d'enregistrement. Il identifie le

groupement national, géographique, linguistique ou de toute autre nature, dans les limites duquel opère une

ou plusieurs agences de l'ISBN.

C'est l'Agence internationale de l'ISBN qui attribue l'élément du groupe d'enregistrement.

L'élément du groupe d'enregistrement est variable en longueur, en fonction de la production éditoriale à

l'intérieur du groupe concerné. La longueur de cet élément pour tout groupe d'enregistrement est déterminée

par l'Agence internationale de l'ISBN. L'information technique qui spécifie les règles de validation de longueur

du groupe d'enregistrement doit être disponible auprès de l'Agence internationale de l'ISBN.

4.4 Élément du déclarant

Le troisième élément d'un ISBN à 13 chiffres doit indiquer le déclarant pour cet ISBN. Il doit être attribué par

l'agence d'enregistrement de l'ISBN désignée à cette fin à l'intérieur de chaque groupe d'enregistrement.

Dans la plupart des cas, l'élément du déclarant se rapporte à un seul éditeur. Dans certains cas plusieurs

éditeurs ont la possibilité de partager un élément du déclarant: habituellement il s'agit du résultat de fusions

ou bien d'autres activités commerciales qui impliquent des titres particuliers. Des agences d'enregistrement

de l'ISBN peuvent réserver un bloc commun d'éléments du déclarant dans le but d'attribuer un ISBN individuel

à des éditeurs d'un seul titre.

L'élément du déclarant est variable en longueur, en fonction de l'estimation de la production de titres de

chaque éditeur. La longueur de cet élément doit être déterminée par l'agence d'enregistrement de l'ISBN et

conforme aux spécifications convenues du système ISBN dans l'attribution des séquences d'ISBN

(voir Annexe D). L'information technique qui spécifie les règles de validation de longueur du déclarant à

l'intérieur d'un groupe particulier de déclarants, doit être disponible auprès de l'Agence internationale de

l'ISBN (voir également Annexe D).
4.5 Élément de la publication

Le quatrième élément d'un ISBN à 13 chiffres doit être l'élément de la publication. Il doit être attribué

conformément aux spécifications de l'Annexe A. Habituellement il est attribué par l'éditeur de la monographie,

bien que dans certains cas, les agences d'enregistrement de l'ISBN puissent choisir d'attribuer à des éditeurs

d'un seul titre, un ISBN individuel en donnant des éléments uniques de publication pris à partir d'un élément

du déclarant traité en bloc commun et réservé à cet effet.

La longueur de l'élément de la publication est déterminée par la longueur des éléments du groupe

d'enregistrement et du déclarant qui le précèdent.
4.6 Chiffre de contrôle

Le cinquième et dernier élément d'un ISBN à 13 chiffres est le chiffre de contrôle. Le chiffre de contrôle d'un

ISBN à 13 chiffres est calculé selon un algorithme de module 10. De plus amples détails sur cette méthode

sont fournis dans l'Annexe C.
5 Attribution d'un ISBN

5.1 Un élément du déclarant doit être attribué à un éditeur, sur sa demande, par une agence désignée

d'enregistrement de l'ISBN, à partir de la séquence d'ISBN attribuée à cette agence par l'Agence

internationale de l'ISBN. Les agences d'enregistrement de l'ISBN peuvent choisir d'attribuer à des éditeurs

d'un seul titre, un ISBN individuel pris à partir d'un élément du déclarant traité en bloc commun et réservé à

cet effet.
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ISO 2108:2005(F)

5.2 À chaque fois qu'un ISBN lui est attribué, il convient que le déclarant fournisse à l'agence

d'enregistrement de l'ISBN dont il relève ou à son agence bibliographique désignée, les métadonnées propres

à la publication à laquelle l'ISBN a été attribué (voir Annexe E).

5.3 Dès lors qu'un ISBN est attribué à une publication, celui-ci ne doit être ni modifié, ni substitué ni réutilisé.

5.4 Un ISBN distinct doit être attribué à chaque monographie distincte ou édition distincte d'une

monographie publiée par un éditeur. Un ISBN distinct doit être attribué à chaque édition linguistique différente

d'une monographie.

5.5 Des formes du produit différentes, par exemple une publication reliée, brochée, en braille, un livre audio,

une publication vidéo, une publication électronique en ligne, doivent se voir attribuer des ISBN distincts.

Chacun des différents formats d'une publication électronique, par exemple «.lit», «.pdf», «.html», «.pdb» qui

est publié et mis séparément à disposition doit recevoir un ISBN distinct.

5.6 Un ISBN distinct doit être attribué si des changements significatifs ont affecté une ou des parties

quelconques d'une publication. Un ISBN distinct doit être attribué si le titre d'une publication a subi un

changement. Un ISBN distinct ne doit pas être attribué à une publication dont n'ont changé ni l'édition, ni la

forme du produit, ni l'éditeur. Un ISBN distinct ne doit pas être attribué en raison de changements dans le prix

d'une publication ou en raison de légères modifications telles que des corrections de fautes d'impression.

6 Emplacement et affichage de l'ISBN sur les publications
6.1 Généralités
L'ISBN doit toujours figurer sur l'objet même.
6.2 Publications imprimées

6.2.1 L'ISBN doit être imprimé au verso de la page de titre de la publication ou, si cela est impossible, au

bas de la page de titre même ou joint à la mention de copyright.

6.2.2 L'ISBN doit être également imprimé au bas du dos de la couverture, si cela est réalisable, et/ou au

bas du dos de la jaquette. Si aucun de ces emplacements ne s'y prête, l'ISBN doit être imprimé à l'extérieur

de la publication à un endroit bien en évidence.

6.2.3 L'ISBN doit être représenté sous une forme lisible en machine comme un code à barres sur la

publication. Lorsqu'un ISBN est représenté comme un code à barres, il doit utiliser les symboles du code à

barres EAN conformément à l'ISO 15420. Dans un code à barres, il convient que l'ISBN soit indiqué sous une

forme lisible à l'œil nu immédiatement au-dessus du symbole du code à barres.
6.3 Publications électroniques et autres formes du produit non imprimées

6.3.1 Si la publication implique un affichage visuel du contenu conservé sous forme électronique, par

exemple une publication en ligne, l'ISBN doit figurer sur la page ou l'écran affichant le titre ou sur son

équivalent, par exemple l'écran qui s'affiche en premier lorsque le contenu est immédiatement accessible

et/ou l'écran qui porte la mention de copyright.

6.3.2 Si la publication paraît sous forme d'objet matériel, par exemple un disque compact, une cassette ou

une disquette, l'ISBN doit être indiqué sur toute étiquette fixée en permanence sur la publication.

S'il n'est pas possible d'indiquer l'ISBN sur l'objet ou sur son étiquette, l'ISBN doit alors être indiqué au bas du

dos de tout emballage permanent de cet objet, par exemple la boîte, la pochette ou le cadre.

6.3.3 Il convient que l'ISBN soit non seulement apposé en évidence dans le texte mais également inclus

dans toutes les métadonnées enchâssées dans la publication.
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ISO 2108:2005(F)
6.4 Affichage de plusieurs ISBN

Au cas où les ISBN de différentes formes du produit d'une publication figurent ensemble sur une publication, il

convient que ces ISBN individuels soient listés les uns au dessous des autres. Chaque ISBN d'une liste de

plusieurs ISBN doit être qualifié par une mention relative à la forme du produit particulière à laquelle il fait

référence.
7 Frais de participation

Des frais de participation peuvent être facturés par les agences désignées d'enregistrement de l'ISBN pour

l'attribution d'ISBN. Ces frais de participation doivent être raisonnables.
8 Administration du système ISBN

L'Autorité d'enregistrement pour la présente Norme internationale doit être l'Agence internationale de l'ISBN .

Le système ISBN doit être contrôlé, coordonné et administré par l'Agence internationale de l'ISBN et, le cas

échéant, par les agences d'enregistrement de l'ISBN désignées par l'Agence internationale de l'ISBN.

Les principales tâches de l'Agence internationale de l'ISBN et des agences d'enregistrement de l'ISBN sont

indiquées dans l'Annexe B.

3) Contactez (jusqu’à 2006-03-31): Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin — Preussischer Kulturbesitz, 10772 Berlin, Allemagne.

Téléphone: (+49 30) 266-2496. Télécopieur: (+49 30) 266-2378. Courriel: isbn@sbb.spk-berlin.de.

Site internet: http://isbn-international.org.
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ISO 2108:2005(F)
Annexe A
(normative)
Principes d'attribution et d'utilisation de l'ISBN
A.1 Généralités

A.1.1 L'attribution d'un ISBN à une monographie, indépendamment de la forme du produit, ne doit impliquer

aucune signification ou valeur de preuve juridique à l'égard de la propriété des droits sur cette publication.

A.1.2 Un ISBN distinct doit être attribué à chaque monographie distincte ou à chaque édition distincte d'une

monographie publiée par un éditeur. Les différentes formes du produit d'une publication mises séparément à

disposition doivent se voir attribuer des ISBN distincts. Différentes versions linguistiques d'une publication

doivent se voir attribuer des ISBN distincts.

A.1.3 Le même ISBN ne doit pas être attribué à plusieurs éditions ou formes du produit d'une publication.

A.1.4 Dès lors qu'il a été attribué à une publication, un ISBN ne doit en aucun cas être réutilisé pour une

autre publication, même s'il s'avère avoir été attribué par erreur. Un déclarant qui détermine qu'un ISBN a été

attribué par erreur, doit signaler l'ISBN erroné à l'agence d'enregistrement de l'ISBN locale dont il relève.

A.1.5 Chaque édition révisée d'une publication doit se voir attribuer un ISBN distinct. Des changements

mineurs dans une publication, par exemple des corrections de fautes d'impression, ne doivent pas requérir un

ISBN distinct.

A.1.6 Un ISBN distinct ne doit pas être attribué à une réimpression sans changement ou un reprint sans

changement de la même publication, publiée par le même éditeur sous la même forme du produit.

A.1.7 Un changement dans la forme du produit sous laquelle une publication particulière est publiée doit

requérir un ISBN distinct. Par exemple, les versions et les formes du produit d'une même publication: relié,

broché, en braille, microforme, logiciel, vidéo et électronique en ligne, doivent chacune requérir un ISBN

distinct.

A.1.8 Un ISBN distinct ne doit pas être attribué si le seul changement apporté à une publication est celui de

son prix.

A.1.9 Exemples de types de monographies auxquelles il est possible d'attribuer un ISBN:

a) livres et brochures imprimés (et leurs diverses formes du produit);
b) publications en braille;

c) publications que l'éditeur n'a pas l'intention de mettre régulièrement à jour ou de poursuivre indéfiniment;

d) films, vidéos et transparents éducatifs/didactiques;

e) livres audio sur cassettes ou sur disques compacts ou sur disques numériques polyvalents (livres parlés);

f) publications électroniques, soit sur support matériel (tel que bandes lisibles en machine, disquettes,

cédéroms), soit sur l'internet;
g) copies numérisées de monographies imprimées;
h) publications microformes;
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ISO 2108:2005(F)
i) logiciels pédagogiques et éducatifs;
j) publications multimédias dont le principal constituant est du texte.

Un complément d'information est fourni dans le Manuel de l'utilisateur, disponible auprès de l'Agence

internationale de l'ISBN.
A.1.10 Exemples de types de matériel auquel il ne doit pas être attribué d'ISBN:

a) ressources continues, par exemple publications en série, collections sans fin prédéterminée et

ressources intégratrices permanentes;
b) matériel imprimé éphémère, de type publicitaire et apparenté;
c) musique imprimée;
d) impressions d'art et portfolios d'art sans page de titre ni texte;

e) documents personnels tels que des curriculum vitae et des profils personnels électroniques;

f) cartes de vœux;
g) enregistrements sonores musicaux;
h) logiciels prévus pour toute finalité autre qu'éducative ou didactique;
i) babillards électroniques;
j) courriels et autre correspondance électronique;
k) jeux.
Un complément d'i
...

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