Smart community infrastructures — Smart transportation for fuel efficiency and pollution emission reduction in bus transportation services

This document describes criteria to organize smart transportation to save fuel in bus transportation services where the reduction of energy consumption is intended. Smart transportation aims not only at fuel efficiency, but at pollutant emission reduction for engine driven buses, as well as the financial stabilization of bus transportation services for citizens and city visitors.

Infrastructures urbaines intelligentes — Transport intelligent pour l'efficacité énergétique et la réduction des émissions polluantes dans les services de transport par autobus

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
13-Jun-2022
Current Stage
6060 - International Standard published
Due Date
23-Jul-2023
Completion Date
14-Jun-2022
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ISO 37182:2022 - Smart community infrastructures — Smart transportation for fuel efficiency and pollution emission reduction in bus transportation services Released:14. 06. 2022
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INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 37182
First edition
2022-06
Smart community infrastructures —
Smart transportation for fuel
efficiency and pollution emission
reduction in bus transportation
services
Infrastructures urbaines intelligentes — Transport intelligent pour
l'efficacité énergétique et la réduction des émissions polluantes dans
les services de transport par autobus
Reference number
ISO 37182:2022(E)
© ISO 2022
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ISO 37182:2022(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2022

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

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© ISO 2022 – All rights reserved
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ISO 37182:2022(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions .................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Concept of smart transportation for fuel efficiency in bus transportation services .................2

4.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

4.2 Applicable city issues ........................................................................................................................................................................ 2

4.3 Satisfaction of the United Nations Sustainability Development Goals (SDGs) by

smart transportation ........................................................................................................................................................................ 2

5 Adoption and implementation of smart transportation for fuel efficiency in bus

transportation services................................................................................................................................................................................3

5.1 Objectives .................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

5.2 Target vehicles ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 3

5.3 Procedure to adopt smart transportation ..................................................................................................................... 3

5.3.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 3

5.3.2 Transfer of tachographs ............................................................................................................................................... 3

5.3.3 Preparation and submission of crew reports ........................................................................................... 3

5.3.4 Combination of digitalized tachographs and crew reports ......................................................... 3

5.3.5 Evaluation of bus driving manners .................................................................................................................... 3

5.3.6 Notice of the evaluation results to bus drivers and advice on their driving

manners...................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

5.3.7 Improvement of bus driving skill ........................................................................................................................ 4

5.3.8 Confirmation of fuel consumption reduction ........................................................................................... 4

5.4 Parameters and their allowable ranges to evaluate driver practices when driving

a bus ................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 4

5.5 Setting the allowable range in the parameter ............................................................................................................ 4

6 Maintenance of the quality of smart transportation for fuel efficiency in bus

transportation services................................................................................................................................................................................5

6.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

6.2 Parameters to be observed.......................................................................................................................................................... 5

6.3 Modification of smart transportation ............................................................................................................................... 5

Annex A (informative) Effectiveness of smart transportation for fuel efficiency in bus

transportation services................................................................................................................................................................................6

Annex B (informative) Example of a daily driving report, including a tachograph, a crew

report and bus driving manner evaluation results ........................................................................................................ 8

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................11

iii
© ISO 2022 – All rights reserved
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ISO 37182:2022(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www.iso.org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www.iso.org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to

the World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT), see

www.iso.org/iso/foreword.html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 268, Sustainable cities and communities,

Subcommittee SC 2, Sustainable cities and communities - Sustainable mobility and transportation.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www.iso.org/members.html.
© ISO 2022 – All rights reserved
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ISO 37182:2022(E)
Introduction

Massive energy consumption is one of the unavoidable issues that every modern city faces. To effectively

provide transportation services for citizens and city visitors, cities need to continuously consume

energy. There are significant benefits if energy consumption is reduced, even if the reduction amount is

small at any given time or place.

In transportation operations, small efforts provide significant energy savings. Railway operations have

options that can easily save energy. Modifying run curves in a train schedule is a typical example which

minimizes energy consumed while running a train. This method has been used in railway operations

for a long time.

In bus operations, it does not appear to be as easy to make such savings. Bus transportation services

have tried to reduce energy or fuel consumption with experience accumulated over a long time. The

best way to achieve fuel efficiency is to continually drive a bus at a speed up to and including the limit

designated in each section on its route and to keep running at a constant speed. This method, while

dependent on the bus driver's conduct, is still effective. Using telecommunication systems enables fuel

efficiency to be achieved more successfully, by processing information on bus driving practices and

then transmitting this to other places. These practices have already been shown to result in significant

fuel efficiency in bus driving, even if such efforts are made locally or by individual bus drivers. However,

as previously mentioned, widespread employment of this method will result in huge energy savings.

Additionally, in engine-driven bus operations, there will also be a reduction in GHG, NOx/SOx and

particle emissions. Bus transportation is the largest passenger service network, utilizing huge numbers

of buses. This effort will contribute to a reduction in air pollutants emitted from these vehicles.

ISO Guide 82 has been taken into account in the development of this document with regards to

addressing sustainability issues.
© ISO 2022 – All rights reserved
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INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 37182:2022(E)
Smart community infrastructures — Smart transportation
for fuel efficiency and pollution emission reduction in bus
transportation services
1 Scope

This document describes criteria to organize smart transportation to save fuel in bus transportation

services where the reduction of energy consumption is intended. Smart transportation aims not only at

fuel efficiency, but at pollutant emission reduction for engine driven buses, as well as the financial

stabilization of bus transportation services for citizens and city visitors.
2 Normative references
There are no normative references in this document.
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminology databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https:// www. iso. org/o bp
— IEC Electropedia: available at https:// www.e lectropedia. org/
3.1
bus driving

running of a bus vehicle service for passenger transport purposes by a licenced bus driver

Note 1 to entry: Types of buses include commuter buses, bus rapid transit (BRT), inter-city buses and highway

buses.
3.2
fuel
energy source of fossil fuel which is consumed by driving buses
Note 1 to entry: Examples of fossil fuels include petroleum and natural gas.
3.3
digitalized tachograph

on-board record of bus driving (3.1), which is digitally recorded during the driving after departure from

a bus dispatch office until return thereto
3.4
crew report

document prepared by a bus driver on completion of a work schedule designated by his or her

supervisors, in order to inform the supervisors of any issues while on duty, including incidents,

accidents, bus-mechanical malfunctions and troubles in passenger services, especially while driving

the bus
3.5
daily driving report

document prepared by combining a tachograph and a crew report (3.4), which also contains an

evaluation of the manner in which the bus driver drove during the work schedule
© ISO 2022 – All rights reserved
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ISO 37182:2022(E)
4 Concept of smart transportation for fuel efficiency in bus transportation
services
4.1 General

This clause describes the general criteria required for smart transportation to save fuel in bus

transportation services. Bus operation driving procedures for fuel efficiency have not been

quantitatively improved or upgraded for a long time. It has been passed on from generation to

generation, by individuals or informally by the bus company without having specific policies in place.

The technique of successfully reducing fuel consumption in bus driving is not a prescribed policy, but

rather an informal practice by individuals. The most important skill is to drive the bus and not exceed

the speed limit set in each section on a running route, but to keep running at a constant speed. This

method has been fostered through the experience of bus drivers. Unfortunately, there has been no way

to quantitatively evaluate how bus drivers follow these procedu
...

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