Alarm systems - Social alarm systems - Part 2: Trigger devices

This draft European Standard specifies the requirements for manually and automatically activated trigger devices transmitting a triggering signal.
This draft European Standard specifies the requirements and tests for trigger devices forming part of a social alarm system.
This draft European Standard applies to all trigger devices that transmit a triggering signal to a local unit or controller using wired or wire-free interconnections methods.

Alarmanlagen - Personen-Hilferufanlagen - Teil 2: Auslösegeräte

Systèmes d'alarme - Systèmes d'alarme sociale - Partie 2: Déclencheurs

La présente Norme européenne spécifie les exigences relatives aux déclencheurs activés automatiquement et manuellement et transmettant un signal de déclenchement. La présente Norme européenne spécifie les exigences et les essais destinés aux déclencheurs faisant partie d'un système d'alarme sociale. La présente Norme européenne s'applique à tous les déclencheurs transmettant un signal de déclenchement à une unité locale ou à un dispositif de commande à l'aide de méthodes d'interconnexions câblées ou non câblées.

Alarmni sistemi - Socialni alarmni sistemi - 2. del: Sprožilniki

Ta osnutek evropskega standarda določa zahteve za ročno ali samodejno aktivirane sprožilne naprave, ki omogočajo prenos signala za sprožitev.
Ta osnutek evropskega standarda določa zahteve in preskuse za sprožilne naprave, ki so del socialnega alarmnega sistema.
Ta osnutek evropskega standarda se uporablja za vse sprožilne naprave, ki omogočajo prenos signala za sprožitev v lokalno enoto ali krmilnik prek žične ali brezžične povezave.

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
31-Jul-2016
Publication Date
03-Dec-2017
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
14-Nov-2017
Due Date
19-Jan-2018
Completion Date
04-Dec-2017

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 50134-2:2018
01-januar-2018
1DGRPHãþD
SIST EN 50134-2:2000
Alarmni sistemi - Socialni alarmni sistemi - 2. del: Sprožilniki
Alarm systems - Social alarm systems - Part 2: Trigger devices
Alarmanlagen - Personen-Hilferufanlagen - Teil 2: Auslösegeräte
Systèmes d'alarme - Systèmes d'alarme sociale - Partie 2: Déclencheurs
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 50134-2:2017
ICS:
13.320 Alarmni in opozorilni sistemi Alarm and warning systems
SIST EN 50134-2:2018 en,fr

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN 50134-2:2018
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SIST EN 50134-2:2018
EUROPEAN STANDARD EN 50134-2
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
November 2017
ICS 13.320 Supersedes EN 50134-2:1999
English Version
Alarm systems - Social alarm systems - Part 2: Trigger devices

Systèmes d'alarme - Systèmes d'alarme sociale - Partie 2: Alarmanlagen - Personen-Hilferufanlagen - Teil 2:

Déclencheurs Auslösegeräte

This European Standard was approved by CENELEC on 2017-08-14. CENELEC members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC

Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration.

Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC

Management Centre or to any CENELEC member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation

under the responsibility of a CENELEC member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the

same status as the official versions.

CENELEC members are the national electrotechnical committees of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, the Czech Republic,

Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia,

Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden,

Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom.
European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization
Comité Européen de Normalisation Electrotechnique
Europäisches Komitee für Elektrotechnische Normung
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

© 2017 CENELEC All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CENELEC Members.

Ref. No. EN 50134-2:2017 E
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SIST EN 50134-2:2018
EN 50134-2:2017 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ............................................................................................................................................. 4

Introduction ......................................................................................................................................................... 6

1 Scope .............................................................................................................................................................. 7

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 7

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 7

4 Requirements ................................................................................................................................................. 8

4.1 General Requirements ................................................................................................................................ 8

4.2 Functional requirements ............................................................................................................................ 8

4.2.1 Trigger device with an internal primary battery .................................................................................. 8

4.2.2 Trigger device using the mains supply as its primary source of power .......................................... 9

4.2.3 Manually activated trigger devices ...................................................................................................... 9

4.2.4 Automatically activated trigger devices .............................................................................................. 9

4.3 Interconnections and communications .................................................................................................... 9

4.4 Documentation .......................................................................................................................................... 10

4.4.1 Marking ................................................................................................................................................. 10

4.4.2 User documentation ............................................................................................................................ 10

5 Test of manually activated trigger devices ............................................................................................... 10

5.1 Test categories .......................................................................................................................................... 10

5.2 Standard atmospheric condition for testing .......................................................................................... 10

5.3 Number of trigger devices used for testing ........................................................................................... 11

5.4 General conditions for tests .................................................................................................................... 11

5.4.1 Triggers using wired transmission .................................................................................................... 11

5.4.2 Triggers using wire-free transmission ............................................................................................... 11

5.5 Functional tests ......................................................................................................................................... 12

5.5.1 Wired triggers devices......................................................................................................................... 12

5.5.2 Triggers using wire-free transmission ............................................................................................... 12

5.5.3 Fixed trigger type ................................................................................................................................. 13

5.5.4 Portable trigger with neckband relief (anti-strangle) device ........................................................... 13

5.5.5 Push button fixed trigger types .......................................................................................................... 13

5.5.6 Push button portable trigger types .................................................................................................... 14

5.5.7 Pull switch fixed trigger type .............................................................................................................. 15

5.5.8 Pull activated portable trigger ............................................................................................................ 15

5.6 Environmental tests .................................................................................................................................. 16

5.6.1 General .................................................................................................................................................. 16

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SIST EN 50134-2:2018
EN 50134-2:2017 (E)

5.6.2 Selection of tests and severities (environmental classes) .............................................................. 17

5.6.3 Tests applicable to the different environmental classes ................................................................. 17

5.6.4 Environmental test exposures not applicable to different types of triggers ................................. 17

Table 1 — Environmental tests for fixed trigger devices ............................................................................. 18

Table 2 — Environmental tests for Portable trigger devices ....................................................................... 19

5.6.5 Specific environmental test requirements for different types of trigger devices ......................... 20

Annex A (normative) Measurements of contact and insulation resistances for mechanical contact

function .............................................................................................................................................................. 26

A.1 General .................................................................................................................................................... 26

A.2 Measurements of contact resistance ................................................................................................... 26

A.3 Measurements of insulation resistance .............................................................................................. 26

Annex B (normative) Strain relief test jig ...................................................................................................... 27

Annex C (normative) Test set-up by using rf-shielded test fixtures........................................................... 28

C.1 RF-shielded test fixture for the trigger device .................................................................................... 28

C.2 RF-shielded test fixture for the local unit or controller ..................................................................... 28

C.3 Interconnection between trigger device and local unit or controller ............................................... 29

Bibliography ...................................................................................................................................................... 30

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SIST EN 50134-2:2018
EN 50134-2:2017 (E)
European foreword
This document (EN 50134-2:2017) has been prepared by CLC/TC 79 “Alarm systems”.
The following dates are fixed:
• latest date by which this document has to be (dop) 2018-08-14
implemented at national level by publication of an
identical national standard or by endorsement
• latest date by which the national standards (dow) 2020-08-14
conflicting with this document have to be
withdrawn
This document supersedes EN 50134-2:1999.

EN 50134-2:2017 includes the following significant technical changes with respect to EN 50134-2:1999:

— The scope has been extended to provide requirements for manually and automatically activated trigger

devices transmitting a triggering signal;

— The normative references have been updated to take account of latest revisions and to include ETSI EN 300

220-3-1 ETSI EN 303 406 for wireless radio trigger devices;

— The definitions have been updated to reflect changes in other parts of the series;

— in the general requirements, some requirements have been added to cover both manually and automatically

activated trigger devices;
— New or amended requirements have been added to include:

— The activation of one or many trigger devices not to inhibit the transmission of a triggering signal from any

other trigger device within the same or adjacent systems.

— Trigger devices to generate an alarm triggering signal that can be decoded and differentiated from that of

another trigger device connected to the same local unit or controller.

— Trigger devices using wire-free communications to transmit an identification code with sufficient different

combinations to prevent the operation of the trigger device producing unwanted triggering in an adjacent

system.

— Trigger devices using wire-free communications to automatically generate a triggering signal at least

once every 24 h to indicate their continued active presence.

— No longer require a portable trigger devices where its only function is to used as part of a social alarm

system to use primary non -rechargeable batteries.
— Functional Requirements:

— Require the manufacturer to state the normal expected rate of activation for the device being not less

than one activation per day.

— Require the trigger device to be capable of operating to the manufacturer’s specified performance

level for a period of at least 1 year or, if greater, the manufacturer’s stated duration without

recharging or replacement of the battery.
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SIST EN 50134-2:2018
EN 50134-2:2017 (E)

— For devices where the trigger device is activated by a push button require to be physically

distinguishable from any other controls.

— Revise the push button of activation area to a minimum of 150 mm , with a minimum dimension of

not less than 10 mm.

— For automatically activated trigger devices where the option exists, to indicate the return to the

normal condition to the local unit and controller the manufacturer to indicate the conditions by which

the normal state is determined.

— In interconnections & Communications, a requirement to comply with EN 50134-5 has been added.

— Addition for a trigger device using a wireless radio interconnection require to comply with the requirements of

ETSI EN 300 220-3-1 or ETSI EN 303 406 applicable to the frequency in use.

— Addition of requirements where a trigger device uses bi-directional techniques for communicating an alarm

triggering signal to the local unit and controller.

— In documentation, requirements have been amended for marking and user documentation.

— Tests for manually activated trigger devices have been amended to reflect revisions to reference standards.

— Removal of the requirement to test in accordance with EN 300-220-2 and publish results of tests for wire free

radio interconnections.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent rights.

CENELEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

EN 50134, Alarm systems — Social alarm systems is currently composed of the following parts:

— Part 1: System requirements;
— Part 2: Trigger devices [the present document];
— Part 3: Local unit and controller;
— Part 5: Interconnections and communications;
— Part 7: Application guidelines [Technical Specification].
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SIST EN 50134-2:2018
EN 50134-2:2017 (E)
Introduction

A social alarm system provides 24 h facilities for alarm triggering, identification, signal transmission, alarm

reception, logging and 2-way speech communication, to provide reassurance and assistance for people considered

to be at risk.

A social alarm system comprises a number of system parts, which can be configured in different ways to provide

this functionality.

A user can request assistance by the use of a manually activated trigger device resulting in an alarm triggering

signal. In certain cases alarm triggering signals can be generated by automatic trigger devices. A local unit or

controller receives the alarm triggering signal, switching from the normal to the alarm condition and indicating this

to the user (some systems use an optional pre-alarm condition that allows the user to reset the alarm for a short

period of time).

Failure in the operation of a social alarm system or any of its parts may compromise the ability to provide timely

reassurance and assistance which may lead to a risk to a user’s life. The trigger device is a part of the system and

should be designed to ensure reliability beyond that of a normal consumer device.

The design should take into consideration how to make it easier for the user to activate the trigger device while

preventing accidental triggering of the device.

This standard specifies the minimum requirements for the trigger device to ensure this system part provides the

functionality and reliability required by a social alarm system.
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SIST EN 50134-2:2018
EN 50134-2:2017 (E)
1 Scope

This European Standard specifies the requirements for manually and automatically activated trigger devices

transmitting a triggering signal.

This European Standard specifies the requirements and tests for trigger devices forming part of a social alarm

system.

This European Standard applies to all trigger devices that transmit a triggering signal to a local unit or controller

using wired or wire-free interconnections methods.
2 Normative references

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are indispensable

for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of

the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

EN 50134-1:2002, Alarm systems - Social alarm systems - Part 1: System requirements

EN 50134-5, Alarm systems - Social alarm systems - Part 5: Interconnections and communications

EN 60447, Basic and safety principles for man-machine interface, marking and identification - Actuating principles

(IEC 60447)

EN 61020-1:2009, Electromechanical switches for use in electrical and electronic equipment - Part 1: Generic

specification (IEC 61020-1:2009)

EN 50130-4, Alarm systems - Part 4: Electromagnetic compatibility - Product family standard: Immunity

requirements for components of fire, intruder, hold up, CCTV, access control and social alarm systems

EN 50130-5, Alarm systems - Part 5: Environmental test methods

ETSI EN 300 220-3-1, Short Range Devices (SRD) operating in the frequency range 25 MHz to 1 000 MHz; Part 3-

1: Harmonised Standard covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of the Directive 2014/53/EU; Low duty

cycle high reliability equipment, Social Alarms Equipment operating on designated frequencies (869,200 MHz to

869,250 MHz)

ETSI EN 303 406, Short Range Devices (SRD); Social Alarms Equipment operating in the frequency range 25 MHz

to 1 000 MHz
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in EN 50134-1:2002 and the following apply.

3.1
social alarm system

system providing 24 h facilities for alarm triggering, identification, signal transmission, alarm reception, 2-way

speech communication, reassurance and assistance, for use by persons considered to be at risk

3.2
controller
interface between one or more local units and the alarm transmission system
3.3
local unit
interface between the user and the controller which enables two-way speech
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SIST EN 50134-2:2018
EN 50134-2:2017 (E)
3.4
trigger device

system part operated by a person or automatically that communicates to the local unit or controller, initiating the

alarm triggering signal
3.5
fixed trigger device
trigger device in a fixed position
3.6
portable trigger device
trigger device carried by the user and providing wire-free communication
3.7
interconnections

transmission system that provides the communication between trigger devices and local unit and controller

3.8
alarm condition

condition following the reception of an alarm triggering signal and the pre-alarm condition

3.9
triggering signal

signal transmitted by a trigger device to the local unit and controller, indicating an alarm, fault, change in state or

other event
4 Requirements
4.1 General Requirements

The requirements for the design, function and testing of the different types of manually and automatically activated

trigger devices are as a minimum:

a) The activation of one or many trigger devices shall not inhibit the transmission of a triggering signal from any

other trigger device within the same or adjacent systems.

b) Trigger devices shall generate an alarm triggering signal that can be decoded and differentiated from that of

another trigger device connected to the same local unit or controller.

c) Trigger devices using wire-free communications shall transmit an identification code with sufficient different

combinations to prevent the operation of the trigger device producing unwanted triggering in an adjacent

system.

d) Trigger devices using wire-free communications shall automatically generate a triggering signal at least once

every 24 h to indicate their continued active presence.
4.2 Functional requirements
4.2.1 Trigger device with an internal primary battery

a) The manufacturer shall state the normal expected rate of activation for the device being not less than one

activation per day.

b) The trigger device shall be capable of operating to the manufacturer’s specified performance level for a period

of at least 1 year or, if greater, the manufacturer’s stated duration without recharging or replacement of the

battery.
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EN 50134-2:2017 (E)

c) The trigger device shall generate a fault warning signal to the local unit or controller when the battery voltage

has decreased to the lower limit (V min as specified by the manufacturer) and it can sustain normal expected

usage for that device for a further 28 d.

d) Where applicable the manufacturer shall describe the battery replacement procedures.

4.2.2 Trigger device using the mains supply as its primary source of power

a) If the primary power source is interrupted, the trigger device shall automatically be switched to the secondary

power source without any interruption to the operation of the device;

b) The trigger device shall continue to operate for a minimum period of 24 h if the mains supply is interrupted.

c) The trigger device shall generate a fault warning triggering signal within 2 h of a mains supply failure if the

primary power source has not been restored during this time.

d) If the secondary power source is a rechargeable battery, a fully discharged battery shall be recharged to a

minimum of 80 % of its nominal capacity within 24 h and to its rated capacity within another 48 h.

e) The trigger device shall generate a fault warning triggering signal at the point that the battery voltage has

decreased to the lower limit (V min as specified by the manufacturer) and it is able to sustain normal

expected usage for that device for a further 2 h.
4.2.3 Manually activated trigger devices

a) The method of activation shall be non-latching and requiring a single action by the user.

b) Where the trigger device is activated by a push button it shall be physically distinguishable from any other

controls.

c) The push button shall have a minimum activation area of 150 mm with a minimum dimension of not less than

10 mm.

d) Where the trigger device is activated by a pull switch, it shall have at least one grip connected to the pull

switch body by a rigid or flexible link to ensure that, where appropriate, it can be activated at floor level. The

grip shall be designed to meet the requirements of EN 60447.
4.2.4 Automatically activated trigger devices

Where the option exists for the automatically activated trigger device to indicate the return to the normal condition

to the local unit and controller the manufacturer shall indicate the conditions by which the normal state is

determined. Examples of automatically activated trigger devices include smoke detectors, carbon monoxide

detectors, flammable gas detectors, bed occupancy sensors, chair occupancy sensors, ambient temperature

monitors, motion detectors.
4.3 Interconnections and communications

4.3.1 A trigger device shall comply with the applicable interconnection requirements of EN 50134-5.

4.3.2 A trigger device using a wireless radio interconnection shall comply with the requirements of

ETSI EN 300 220-3-1 or ETSI EN 303 406 applicable to the frequency in use

4.3.3 Where a trigger device uses bi-directional techniques for communicating an alarm triggering signal to the

local unit and controller, the trigger device shall:
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SIST EN 50134-2:2018
EN 50134-2:2017 (E)

a) re-transmit the alarm triggering signal until confirmation of its successful receipt by the local unit and

controller;

b) exhaust all techniques available specified by the manufacturer to ensure successful communication with the

local unit and controller within a period of no more than 60 s;

c) in the case of a manual trigger device, provide local indication that the alarm triggering signal has been

successfully received at the local unit and controller.
4.4 Documentation
4.4.1 Marking

In addition to mandatory marking requirements, the trigger devices shall be marked with as a minimum the

manufacturer’s product reference and the date of manufacture or batch number or serial number.

The information may be provided in a coded form where there is insufficient space on the trigger device.

The information marked on the trigger device shall be legible and durable.
4.4.2 User documentation

The manufacturer shall supply installation and user documentation. The documentation shall comprise at least the

following:
I. General description of the equipment;

II. Installation instructions including the suitability for use in various environments (environmental classes);

III. Operating and commissioning instructions;
IV. Maintenance and cleaning instructions;
V. Technical specifications;
VI. Radio-transmitter parameters;
VII. Environmental class.
5 Test of manually activated trigger devices
5.1 Test categories
The tests are divided into 2 categories:
a) functional tests according to 5.5;
b) environmental tests according to 5.6.
5.2 Standard atmospheric condition for testing

Unless otherwise required, the normal temperature, humidity and air pressure conditions for tests shall be any

convenient combination within the following ranges:
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SIST EN 50134-2:2018
EN 50134-2:2017 (E)
— Temperature : 15 °C to 35 °C;
— Relative : 25 % to 75 %;
Humidity
— Air Pressure : 86 kPa to 106 kPa. (860 mbar to 1 060 mbar)
5.3 Number of trigger devices used for testing

Generally, sequential testing (the same trigger device used for all tests) is not required, but may be accepted if only

a few trigger devices are available. It is preferable however to subject a trigger device to only one endurance test. If

more trigger devices are available, the time required for the testing, and the stress of the individual trigger devices,

may be minimized.
The tests may be carried out in any order.

The required minimum number of the different types of trigger devices to be available for a test depends on the

type of trigger device and the environmental class to be specified for that device (see 5.6.2).

5.4 General conditions for tests
5.4.1 Triggers using wired transmission
5.4.1.1 Mounting and orientation

Unless otherwise stated in a test procedure, the trigger device under test shall be mounted in its normal orientation

by the normal means of mounting indicated by the manufacturer and except where required for functional testing

the trigger device shall be in its normal condition (not activated).
5.4.1.2 Electrical connections

a) The test set-up used during functional and environmental tests depends on the type of power source and the

type of alarm output circuit implemented for the trigger device.

b) If the test procedure requires the trigger device to be in the operating condition, it shall always be connected to

the a.c. mains or powered with d.c. from internal or external power supply or from the local unit or controller,

as specified by the manufacturer.

c) Unless otherwise required in the test procedure, the a.c. mains voltage or d.c. supply voltage for the trigger

device under test shall be adjusted to its nominal value.

d) The trigger device shall, unless otherwise stated in the test procedure, signal to an appropriate local unit or

controller. During some of the function tests, or if the trigger device is only a contact function in a fixed trigger

device, it may signal to a test equipment which is able to monitor the status of the trigger device.

e) If the trigger device is provided with separate outputs for external indicators or control circuits, except for

outputs to the local unit or controller, it shall also be possible to monitor these outputs during testing.

5.4.2 Triggers using wire-free transmission
5.4.2.1 Mounting and orientation

Unless otherwise stated in the test procedure, the trigger device under test, as well as the local unit or controller

used for functional testing, shall be mounted in test fixtures and interconnected as described in Annex C

(normative), during the functional tests as well as during the environmental tests.

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EN 50134-2:2017 (E)
5.4.2.2 Electrical connections

Unless otherwise specified trigger device shall be provided with fully charged batteries before start of testing.

As the local unit or controller is not part of the test specimen, the local unit or controller shall be powered, during all

tests, with the nominal a.c. or d.c. supply voltage as specified by the manufacturer.

5.5 Functional tests
5.5.1 Wired triggers devices
5.5.1.1 Power supply powered from primary (non-recha
...

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