Graphic technology - Prepress digital data exchange using PDF - Part 7: Complete exchange of printing data (PDF/X-4) and partial exchange of printing data with external profile reference (PDF/X-4p) using PDF 1.6

This part of ISO 15930 specifies the use of the Portable Document Format (PDF) Version 1.6 for the
dissemination of digital data intended for print reproduction. When all elements necessary for final print
reproduction are contained within the file, it is designated as PDF/X-4. If a required ICC profile is externally supplied and unambiguously identified, it is designated as PDF/X-4p.
Colour-managed, CMYK, gray, RGB or spot colour data are supported, as are PDF transparency and optional content. Files can be prepared for use with gray, RGB and CMYK printing characterizations.

Technologie graphique - Échange de données numériques de préimpression utilisant le PDF - Partie 7: Échange complet de données d'impression (PDF/X-4) et échange partiel de données d'impression avec une référence de profil externe (PDF/X-4p) utilisant le PDF 1.6

Grafična tehnologija - Izmenjava digitalnih podatkov v grafični pripravi z uporabo PDF - 7. del: Celotna izmenjava tiskarskih podatkov (PDF/X-4) in delna izmenjava tiskarskih podatkov z zunanjimi referenčnimi profili (PDF/X-4p) z uporabo PDF 1.6

Ta del ISO 15930 določa uporabo različice formata 1.6 za prenosne dokumente PDF) za razširjanje digitalnih podatkov, potrebnih za tiskarsko reprodukcijo. Ko datoteka vsebuje vse elemente, potrebne za končno tiskarsko reprodukcijo, se označi kot PDF/X-4. Če zahtevani profil ICC prihaja od zunaj in je nedvoumno identificiran, se označi kot PDF/X-4p.
Podprti so barvno upravljani podatki, CMYK, črno-beli, RGB ali točkovni barvni podatki ter prozornost PDF in izbirna vsebina. Datoteke se lahko pripravijo za črno-belo tiskanje, tiskanje RGB in CMYK.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
22-May-2011
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
12-May-2011
Due Date
17-Jul-2011
Completion Date
23-May-2011

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INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 15930-7
Second edition
2010-07-15
Graphic technology — Prepress digital
data exchange using PDF —
Part 7:
Complete exchange of printing data
(PDF/X-4) and partial exchange of printing
data with external profile reference
(PDF/X-4p) using PDF 1.6
Technologie graphique — Échange de données numériques de
préimpression utilisant le PDF —
Partie 7: Échange complet de données d'impression (PDF/X-4) et
échange partiel de données d'impression avec une référence de profil
externe (PDF/X-4p) utilisant le PDF 1.6
Reference number
ISO 15930-7:2010(E)
ISO 2010
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO 15930-7:2010(E)
PDF disclaimer

This PDF file may contain embedded typefaces. In accordance with Adobe's licensing policy, this file may be printed or viewed but

shall not be edited unless the typefaces which are embedded are licensed to and installed on the computer performing the editing. In

downloading this file, parties accept therein the responsibility of not infringing Adobe's licensing policy. The ISO Central Secretariat

accepts no liability in this area.
Adobe is a trademark of Adobe Systems Incorporated.

Details of the software products used to create this PDF file can be found in the General Info relative to the file; the PDF-creation

parameters were optimized for printing. Every care has been taken to ensure that the file is suitable for use by ISO member bodies. In

the unlikely event that a problem relating to it is found, please inform the Central Secretariat at the address given below.

COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2010

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means,

electronic or mechanical, including photocopying and microfilm, without permission in writing from either ISO at the address below or

ISO's member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
Case postale 56 • CH-1211 Geneva 20
Tel. + 41 22 749 01 11
Fax + 41 22 749 09 47
E-mail copyright@iso.org
Web www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2010 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO 15930-7:2010(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ............................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction........................................................................................................................................................vi

1 Scope......................................................................................................................................................1

2 Normative references............................................................................................................................1

3 Terms and definitions ...........................................................................................................................2

4 Notations ................................................................................................................................................5

5 PDF/X-4 conforming files and equipment...........................................................................................5

6 Technical requirements ........................................................................................................................6

6.1 General ...................................................................................................................................................6

6.2 Non-print elements................................................................................................................................7

6.3 Complete exchange...............................................................................................................................7

6.4 Colour .....................................................................................................................................................7

6.5 Fonts.....................................................................................................................................................11

6.6 Encoding of name objects..................................................................................................................12

6.7 External and embedded files..............................................................................................................12

6.8 Stream filters........................................................................................................................................13

6.9 Trapping ...............................................................................................................................................13

6.10 Metadata and document identification..............................................................................................13

6.11 PDF/X-4 file identification ...................................................................................................................16

6.12 Bounding boxes ..................................................................................................................................16

6.13 Extended graphics state.....................................................................................................................17

6.14 PostScript XObjects............................................................................................................................17

6.15 Use of encryption and access control ..............................................................................................17

6.16 Images ..................................................................................................................................................17

6.17 Annotations..........................................................................................................................................18

6.18 Actions and JavaScripts.....................................................................................................................18

6.19 Use of the BX/EX operators................................................................................................................18

6.20 Use of transparency............................................................................................................................18

6.21 Viewer preferences..............................................................................................................................19

6.22 Use of alternate presentations...........................................................................................................19

6.23 Rendering intents ................................................................................................................................19

6.24 Use of optional content.......................................................................................................................19

6.25 Architectural limits ..............................................................................................................................20

6.26 XFA forms.............................................................................................................................................20

6.27 JPEG2000 images................................................................................................................................20

Annex A (normative) Requirements for PDF/X-4p.........................................................................................22

Annex B (informative) PDF feature summary.................................................................................................24

Bibliography......................................................................................................................................................27

© ISO 2010 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO 15930-7:2010(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards bodies

(ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out through ISO

technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical committee has been

established has the right to be represented on that committee. International organizations, governmental and

non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work. ISO collaborates closely with the

International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of electrotechnical standardization.

International Standards are drafted in accordance with the rules given in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.

The main task of technical committees is to prepare International Standards. Draft International Standards

adopted by the technical committees are circulated to the member bodies for voting. Publication as an

International Standard requires approval by at least 75 % of the member bodies casting a vote.

ISO 15930-7 was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 130, Graphic technology.

This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition (ISO 15930-7:2008), of which it constitutes a minor

revision to incorporate the following changes:

⎯ move informative references, ISO 15930-1, ISO 15930-3, ISO 15930-4 and ISO 15930-6, from the

normative references to the Bibliography (Clause 2);

⎯ remove unnecessary definitions for PDF/X-1a and PDF/X-3 (Definitions 3.18 to 3.21);

⎯ adopt the changes to the transparency blend mode algorithms as provided by Adobe Systems (Clause 4);

⎯ remove inaccurate and confusing statements in the bulleted list as well as the note of Clause 5;

⎯ correct issues with proper validation of font encoding and widths (6.5.2, 6.5.3 and 6.5.4);

⎯ correct issues with how to encode metadata (6.10);
⎯ clarify some issues about annotations (6.17);

⎯ remove the restrictions on the Orders key in Optional Content, thus enabling more flexible workflows

(6.24).

ISO 15930 consists of the following parts, under the general title Graphic technology — Prepress digital data

exchange using PDF:
⎯ Part 1: Complete exchange using CMYK data (PDF/X-1 and PDF/X-1a)
⎯ Part 3: Complete exchange suitable for colour-managed workflows (PDF/X-3)

⎯ Part 4: Complete exchange of CMYK and spot colour printing data using PDF 1.4 (PDF/X-1a)

⎯ Part 5: Partial exchange of printing data using PDF 1.4 (PDF/X-2)

⎯ Part 6: Complete exchange of printing data suitable for colour-managed workflows using PDF 1.4

(PDF/X-3)
iv © ISO 2010 – All rights reserved
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ISO 15930-7:2010(E)

⎯ Part 7: Complete exchange of printing data (PDF/X-4) and partial exchange of printing data with external

profile reference (PDF/X-4p) using PDF 1.6
⎯ Part 8: Partial exchange of printing data using PDF 1.6 (PDF/X-5)
© ISO 2010 – All rights reserved v
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
ISO 15930-7:2010(E)
Introduction

ISO 15930 (all parts) defines methods for the exchange of digital data within the graphic arts industry and for

the exchange of files between graphic arts establishments. It is a multi-part document where each part is

intended to respond to different workflow requirements. These workflows differ in the degree of flexibility

required. However, increasing flexibility can lead to the possibility of uncertainty or error. The goal throughout

the various parts of ISO 15930 has been to maintain the degree of flexibility required while minimizing the

uncertainty.

Many printed documents are assemblies of partial pages and/or pages created at different locations and by

different organizations. The merging of these individual elements into the final printing form and the

subsequent printing can take place at different locations. Some of these elements can also be routed to

multiple sites for incorporation into other documents. Each of these elements is referred to in ISO 15930 as a

compound entity.

A variety of data formats and structures are used for the creation of this type of material, but with two

prevalent kinds of underlying data structures. These are vector-based data for the encoding of line art and

textual information and raster-based data for the encoding of image information, including previously

rasterized line art and textual information.

Both kinds of data structures are required along with page description information in an open electronic

workflow. The exchange of raster-based data using the TIFF/IT file format is defined in ISO 12639. The

subject of ISO 15930 is a format for the exchange of object-based data where individual objects can be in

either vector or raster data structures.

The various parts of ISO 15930 define a number of conformance levels intended to address different

requirements; all define data formats and their usage to permit the predictable dissemination of a compound

entity to one or more locations. These goals are accomplished by defining a specific use of the publicly

available Adobe Portable Document Format (PDF). In order to achieve a level of exchange that avoids any

ambiguity in interpretation of the file, a limited set of PDF objects that are permitted to be used is identified

and restrictions to the use, or form of use, of those objects, and/or keys within those objects are added.

In some environments the data exchange needs to be in a form ready for final print reproduction, by transfer

of a single file. This file contains all the content information necessary to process and render the document, as

intended by the sender, coded inside a single PDF file. No other files, neither external files nor internally

embedded files, are required or permitted. This exchange requires no prior knowledge of the sending and

receiving environments and is sometimes referred to as “complete” or “blind” exchange. It is platform- and

transport-independent. Whereas many production workflows benefit from the exchange of complete material,

with all elements present, there are circumstances when this is not appropriate. In certain workflows, some or

all of the referenced elements might be more logically present at the receiving site, or might be exchanged at

a different time. These include high-resolution contone-image files, line-art files, ICC profiles, etc. These

exchanges will generally require prior agreement between sender and receiver.

In some environments, the exchange needs to be restricted to CMYK (and spot colour) data, whilst in others it

is more appropriate to convey it as colour-managed, CMYK, gray, RGB, and/or spot colour, or to use

alternative process colour models.

Several new versions of the PDF specification have been issued since the publication of ISO 15930-1 in 2001.

More recent parts of ISO 15930 expand and extend earlier parts by reference to later versions of the PDF

specification.
vi © ISO 2010 – All rights reserved
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ISO 15930-7:2010(E)

Table 1 summarizes the conformance levels defined in the various parts of ISO 15930.

Table 1 — PDF/X conformance levels
Conformance Part of Complete Colour-managed Print characterization
PDF version
level ISO 15930 exchange data permitted spaces supported
PDF/X-1:2001 1 Yes No CMYK 1.3
PDF/X-1a:2001 1 Yes No CMYK 1.3
PDF/X-1a:2003 4 Yes No CMYK 1.4
PDF/X-2:2003 5 No Yes Gray, RGB, CMYK 1.4
PDF/X-3:2002 3 Yes Yes Gray, RGB, CMYK 1.3
PDF/X-3:2003 6 Yes Yes Gray, RGB, CMYK 1.4
PDF/X-4 7 Yes Yes Gray, RGB, CMYK 1.6
PDF/X-4p 7 No Yes Gray, RGB, CMYK 1.6
PDF/X-5g 8 No Yes Gray, RGB, CMYK 1.6
PDF/X-5n 8 No Yes n-colorant 1.6
PDF/X-5pg 8 No Yes Gray, RGB, CMYK 1.6

This part of ISO 15930 specifies the PDF/X-4 conformance level, which incorporates all of the features

available in the PDF/X-1a and PDF/X-3 conformance levels defined in ISO 15930-1, ISO 15930-3,

ISO 15930-4 and ISO 15930-6, and adds the following.

⎯ The referenced version is PDF 1.6 (rather than PDF 1.3 in ISO 15930-1 and ISO 15930-3; and PDF 1.4 in

ISO 15930-4 and ISO 15930-6).

⎯ The use of PDF transparency, as defined in PDF 1.4 and later, has been allowed.

⎯ The use of optional content (often known as layers) has been allowed, to enable regional versioning, for

example.

⎯ Some features of PDF, defined in PDF 1.6 and earlier versions, have been disallowed in this part of

ISO 15930.

In addition, this part of ISO 15930 specifies the PDF/X-4p conformance level. PDF/X-4 requires that an ICC

profile that describes the characterization of the printing condition for which the exchanged file was prepared

be embedded. PDF/X-4p allows the ICC profile to be maintained externally to the exchanged file. This is

especially useful in those situations where the size of the ICC profile is large in comparison with the size of the

file to be exchanged; where there are a very large number of files to be exchanged that have been prepared

for the same printing condition, tone and gamut compression and black generation; or where there are

licensing issues that preclude embedding.

Due consideration needs to be given to the increased potential for issues requiring technical discussion

between file submitters and receivers when determining whether to use the PDF/X-4p conformance level in

preference to PDF/X-4. In addition, it is likely that a larger proportion of receiving sites will be capable of

accepting and correctly processing PDF/X-4 files. PDF/X-4 is preferred to PDF/X-4p where there is no

significant benefit in the use of the latter.

It is anticipated that a variety of products will be developed based on PDF/X, such as readers (including

viewers) and writers of PDF/X files, and products that offer combinations of these features. Different products

will incorporate various capabilities to prepare, interpret and process conforming files based on the application

needs as perceived by the suppliers of the products. However, it is important to note that a conforming reader

is required to be able to read and appropriately process all files conforming to a specified conformance level,

© ISO 2010 – All rights reserved vii
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
ISO 15930-7:2010(E)

and all files that conform to sets of previously standardized conformance levels, as defined within this part of

ISO 15930.

All parts of ISO 15930 define requirements and restrictions on the process of rendering PDF/X files for viewing

and print, in addition to the requirements and restrictions of elements and structures within the files

themselves. In some circumstances it might be appropriate to render files without rigid adherence to the

provisions of ISO 15930, but it is important to be aware that such renderings do not conform to PDF/X.

Although re-purposing of data is not a primary consideration or requirement of this part of ISO 15930,

maximum flexibility will be maintained so that future requirements for re-purposing can be accommodated.

Users of this part of ISO 15930 are cautioned that they are expected to be familiar with the documents listed

as normative references and the terms used within those documents. This part of ISO 15930, like all of the

other parts, prescribes specific uses of, and limitations on the use of, the PDF Reference and its associated

supporting documents.

An ongoing series of Application Notes (see Reference [11]) is maintained for the guidance of developers and

users of the PDF/X family of International Standards. These application notes, and other documents relevant

to PDF/X, are available from NPES, The Association for Suppliers of Printing, Publishing and Converting

Technologies, in the NPES, Standards Workroom at .

A number of other International Standards, defining focussed subsets of the Portable Document Format in

areas other than the graphic arts, are either published or under development, including PDF/A (see

Reference [8]). Where possible, PDF/X has been designed to allow a single file to comply both with PDF/X

and with these other conformance levels.
viii © ISO 2010 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 15930-7:2010(E)
Graphic technology — Prepress digital data exchange using
PDF —
Part 7:
Complete exchange of printing data (PDF/X-4) and partial
exchange of printing data with external profile reference
(PDF/X-4p) using PDF 1.6
1 Scope

This part of ISO 15930 specifies the use of the Portable Document Format (PDF) Version 1.6 for the

dissemination of digital data intended for print reproduction. When all elements necessary for final print

reproduction are contained within the file, it is designated as PDF/X-4. If a required ICC profile is externally

supplied and unambiguously identified, it is designated as PDF/X-4p.

Colour-managed, CMYK, gray, RGB or spot colour data are supported, as are PDF transparency and optional

content. Files can be prepared for use with gray, RGB and CMYK printing characterizations.

2 Normative references

The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated

references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced

document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO/IEC 10646, Information technology — Universal Multiple-Octet Coded Character Set (UCS)

ISO/IEC 10918-1:1994, Information technology — Digital compression and coding of continuous-tone still

images: Requirements and guidelines

ISO/IEC 14492:2001, Information technology — Lossy/lossless coding of bi-level images

ISO 15076-1:2005, Image technology colour management — Architecture, profile format and data structure —

Part 1: Based on ICC.1:2004-10

ISO/IEC 15444-2:2004, Information technology — JPEG 2000 image coding system: Extensions

ICC.1:1998-09, File Format for Color Profiles, International Color Consortium (available from

)

ICC.1:2001-12, File Format for Color Profiles (Version 4.0.0), International Color Consortium (available from

)

ICC.1:2003-09, File Format for Color Profiles (Version 4.1.0), International Color Consortium (available from

)

Adobe PDF Reference Guide, fifth edition, version 1.6, ISBN 0-321-30474-8 (available from

)
© ISO 2010 – All rights reserved 1
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
ISO 15930-7:2010(E)

Adobe Supplement to ISO 32000-1, BaseVersion 1.7, ExtensionLevel 5, Adobe Systems Incorporated.

(available from )

Errata for Adobe PDF Reference, fifth edition, version 1.6, 31 August 2005 (available from

)

PDF Blend Modes: Addendum . Adobe Systems Incorporated, January 23, 2006 (available from

)

XMP Specification, June 2005, Adobe Systems Incorporated (available from Internet

)

Extensible Markup Language (XML), version 1.0. W3C Recommendation, 3rd edn., 4 February 2004

(available from )

RDF/XML Syntax Specification (Revised), W3C Recommendation, 10 February 2004 (available from

)

RFC 3629, UTF-8, a transformation format of ISO 10646 (available from )

3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.
3.1
blind exchange

exchange of compound entities that requires no exchange of technical information between sender and

receiver in order for the receiver to render the printed page as intended by the sender

3.2
characterized printing condition

printing condition for which process control aims are defined and for which the relationship between input data

(printing tone values, usually CMYK) and the colorimetry of the printed image is documented

NOTE 1 The relationship between input data (printing tone values) and the colorimetry of the printed image is

commonly referred to as characterization.

NOTE 2 It is generally preferable that the process control aims of the printing condition and the associated

characterization data be made publicly available via the accredited standards process or industry trade associations.

3.3
CMYK

subtractive process colour model where the channels are called Cyan, Magenta, Yellow and Black

3.4
compound entity

unit of work with all text, graphics and image elements prepared for final print reproduction that might

represent a single page for printing, a portion of a page or a combination of pages

3.5
conformance level

identified set of restrictions and requirements with which files, readers and writers are required to comply

1) Addendum to Adobe PDF Reference Guide, fifth edition, version 1.6, containing additional information about the blend

modes for PDF transparency.
2 © ISO 2010 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
ISO 15930-7:2010(E)
3.6
default colour space

PDF colour space named DefaultGray, DefaultRGB or DefaultCMYK that provides an indirect method of

specifying the colour space of elements
3.7
device colour space
device colour space, as specified in the PDF Reference

NOTE This term is used within this part of ISO 15930 specifically within the context of the PDF Reference, and not in

a more general way.
3.8
element

substructure of a compound entity relative to the current processing environment, such as a block of text, a

contone picture or an outline graphic that, by itself, comprises the smallest logical composed unit of a

compound entity
3.9
font
identified collection of graphics that can be glyphs or other graphic elements
3.10
font metrics

set of information in a font representation used for defining the dimensions and positioning of each glyph

shape
3.11
glyph
recognizable abstract graphic symbol that is independent of any specific design
NOTE Adapted from ISO/IEC 9541-1. See Reference [1].
3.12
ICC
International Color Consortium

industry association formed to develop standardized mechanisms for colour management

3.13
ICC profile

set of colorimetric transforms prepared in accordance with ISO 15076-1:2005 or any one of the ICC.1

3.14
job ticket

electronic specification of process control for print production in either a published or a proprietary format

NOTE Job tickets as defined here include only data intended to affect the rendered appearance of the file. See

References [9] and [10].
3.15
non-print element
element not intended for final print reproduction
NOTE See 6.1.3.
© ISO 2010 – All rights reserved 3
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
ISO 15930-7:2010(E)
3.16
PDF
Portable Document Format
file format defined in the PDF Reference
3.17
PDF dictionary

associative table containing key-value pairs, specifying the name and value of an attribute for objects, which is

generally used to collect and tie together the attributes of a complex object
3.18
PDF/X-4
PDF/X-4 conformance level defined in this part of ISO 15930
3.19
PDF/X-4p
PDF/X-4p conformance level defined in Annex A of this part of ISO 15930
3.20
print element
element intended for final print reproduction
NOTE See 6.1.
3.21
printing tone value

number, recorded as data in the computer, corresponding to that percentage area on a printing forme that is

intended to accept ink for transfer to the final sheet in offset lithography, or the equivalent in other printing

systems
NOTE See characterized printing condition (3.2).
3.22
process colorant

additive or subtractive colorant whose characteristics (colour, transparency, etc.) make it suitable to combine

with other colorants to form secondary or tertiary colours
3.23
process colour model

colours, defined in a colour coordinate system, produced by a set of process colorants (3.22)

NOTE See CMYK (3.3), RGB (3.25).
3.24
reader
software application that is able to read and appropriately process files
3.25
RGB
additive process colour model where the channels are called Red, Green and Blue
3.26
spot colour

single colorant, identified by name, whose printing tone values are specified independently from the colour

values specified in a colour coordinate system
4 © ISO 2010 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 12 ----------------------
ISO 15930-7:2010(E)
3.27
trapping

modification of boundaries of colour areas to account for dimensional variations in the printing process by

overprinting in selected colours at the boundaries between colours that might inadvertently be left uncoloured

due to normal variations of printing registration

NOTE Trapping is sometimes referred to as chokes and spreads or grips. This is not the same as ink trapping.

3.28
writer
software application that is able to write files
4 Notations

PDF operators, PDF keywords, the names of keys in PDF dictionaries, and other predefined names are

written in a bold sans serif type font; for example, the key Trapped.

Operands of PDF operators or values of PDF dictionary keys are written in an italic sans serif font; for

example, the False value for the Trapped key.

For the purposes of this part of ISO 15930, references to “PDF Reference” are to the Adobe PDF Reference

Guide, fifth edition, version 1.6, as modified by
...

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST ISO 15930-7:2011
01-julij-2011

*UDILþQDWHKQRORJLMD,]PHQMDYDGLJLWDOQLKSRGDWNRYYJUDILþQLSULSUDYL]XSRUDER

3')GHO&HORWQDL]PHQMDYDWLVNDUVNLKSRGDWNRY 3'); LQGHOQDL]PHQMDYD

WLVNDUVNLKSRGDWNRY]]XQDQMLPLUHIHUHQþQLPLSURILOL 3');S ]XSRUDER3')

Graphic technology - Prepress digital data exchange using PDF - Part 7: Complete

exchange of printing data (PDF/X-4) and partial exchange of printing data with external

profile reference (PDF/X-4p) using PDF 1.6

Technologie graphique - Échange de données numériques de préimpression utilisant le

PDF - Partie 7: Échange complet de données d'impression (PDF/X-4) et échange partiel

de données d'impression avec une référence de profil externe (PDF/X-4p) utilisant le

PDF 1.6
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: ISO 15930-7:2010
ICS:
35.240.30 Uporabniške rešitve IT v IT applications in information,
informatiki, dokumentiranju in documentation and
založništvu publishing
37.100.99 'UXJLVWDQGDUGLY]YH]L] Other standards related to
JUDILþQRWHKQRORJLMR graphic technology
SIST ISO 15930-7:2011 de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST ISO 15930-7:2011
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST ISO 15930-7:2011
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 15930-7
Second edition
2010-07-15
Graphic technology — Prepress digital
data exchange using PDF —
Part 7:
Complete exchange of printing data
(PDF/X-4) and partial exchange of printing
data with external profile reference
(PDF/X-4p) using PDF 1.6
Technologie graphique — Échange de données numériques de
préimpression utilisant le PDF —
Partie 7: Échange complet de données d'impression (PDF/X-4) et
échange partiel de données d'impression avec une référence de profil
externe (PDF/X-4p) utilisant le PDF 1.6
Reference number
ISO 15930-7:2010(E)
ISO 2010
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST ISO 15930-7:2011
ISO 15930-7:2010(E)
PDF disclaimer

This PDF file may contain embedded typefaces. In accordance with Adobe's licensing policy, this file may be printed or viewed but

shall not be edited unless the typefaces which are embedded are licensed to and installed on the computer performing the editing. In

downloading this file, parties accept therein the responsibility of not infringing Adobe's licensing policy. The ISO Central Secretariat

accepts no liability in this area.
Adobe is a trademark of Adobe Systems Incorporated.

Details of the software products used to create this PDF file can be found in the General Info relative to the file; the PDF-creation

parameters were optimized for printing. Every care has been taken to ensure that the file is suitable for use by ISO member bodies. In

the unlikely event that a problem relating to it is found, please inform the Central Secretariat at the address given below.

COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
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Contents Page

Foreword ............................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction........................................................................................................................................................vi

1 Scope......................................................................................................................................................1

2 Normative references............................................................................................................................1

3 Terms and definitions ...........................................................................................................................2

4 Notations ................................................................................................................................................5

5 PDF/X-4 conforming files and equipment...........................................................................................5

6 Technical requirements ........................................................................................................................6

6.1 General ...................................................................................................................................................6

6.2 Non-print elements................................................................................................................................7

6.3 Complete exchange...............................................................................................................................7

6.4 Colour .....................................................................................................................................................7

6.5 Fonts.....................................................................................................................................................11

6.6 Encoding of name objects..................................................................................................................12

6.7 External and embedded files..............................................................................................................12

6.8 Stream filters........................................................................................................................................13

6.9 Trapping ...............................................................................................................................................13

6.10 Metadata and document identification..............................................................................................13

6.11 PDF/X-4 file identification ...................................................................................................................16

6.12 Bounding boxes ..................................................................................................................................16

6.13 Extended graphics state.....................................................................................................................17

6.14 PostScript XObjects............................................................................................................................17

6.15 Use of encryption and access control ..............................................................................................17

6.16 Images ..................................................................................................................................................17

6.17 Annotations..........................................................................................................................................18

6.18 Actions and JavaScripts.....................................................................................................................18

6.19 Use of the BX/EX operators................................................................................................................18

6.20 Use of transparency............................................................................................................................18

6.21 Viewer preferences..............................................................................................................................19

6.22 Use of alternate presentations...........................................................................................................19

6.23 Rendering intents ................................................................................................................................19

6.24 Use of optional content.......................................................................................................................19

6.25 Architectural limits ..............................................................................................................................20

6.26 XFA forms.............................................................................................................................................20

6.27 JPEG2000 images................................................................................................................................20

Annex A (normative) Requirements for PDF/X-4p.........................................................................................22

Annex B (informative) PDF feature summary.................................................................................................24

Bibliography......................................................................................................................................................27

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Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards bodies

(ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out through ISO

technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical committee has been

established has the right to be represented on that committee. International organizations, governmental and

non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work. ISO collaborates closely with the

International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of electrotechnical standardization.

International Standards are drafted in accordance with the rules given in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.

The main task of technical committees is to prepare International Standards. Draft International Standards

adopted by the technical committees are circulated to the member bodies for voting. Publication as an

International Standard requires approval by at least 75 % of the member bodies casting a vote.

ISO 15930-7 was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 130, Graphic technology.

This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition (ISO 15930-7:2008), of which it constitutes a minor

revision to incorporate the following changes:

⎯ move informative references, ISO 15930-1, ISO 15930-3, ISO 15930-4 and ISO 15930-6, from the

normative references to the Bibliography (Clause 2);

⎯ remove unnecessary definitions for PDF/X-1a and PDF/X-3 (Definitions 3.18 to 3.21);

⎯ adopt the changes to the transparency blend mode algorithms as provided by Adobe Systems (Clause 4);

⎯ remove inaccurate and confusing statements in the bulleted list as well as the note of Clause 5;

⎯ correct issues with proper validation of font encoding and widths (6.5.2, 6.5.3 and 6.5.4);

⎯ correct issues with how to encode metadata (6.10);
⎯ clarify some issues about annotations (6.17);

⎯ remove the restrictions on the Orders key in Optional Content, thus enabling more flexible workflows

(6.24).

ISO 15930 consists of the following parts, under the general title Graphic technology — Prepress digital data

exchange using PDF:
⎯ Part 1: Complete exchange using CMYK data (PDF/X-1 and PDF/X-1a)
⎯ Part 3: Complete exchange suitable for colour-managed workflows (PDF/X-3)

⎯ Part 4: Complete exchange of CMYK and spot colour printing data using PDF 1.4 (PDF/X-1a)

⎯ Part 5: Partial exchange of printing data using PDF 1.4 (PDF/X-2)

⎯ Part 6: Complete exchange of printing data suitable for colour-managed workflows using PDF 1.4

(PDF/X-3)
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⎯ Part 7: Complete exchange of printing data (PDF/X-4) and partial exchange of printing data with external

profile reference (PDF/X-4p) using PDF 1.6
⎯ Part 8: Partial exchange of printing data using PDF 1.6 (PDF/X-5)
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Introduction

ISO 15930 (all parts) defines methods for the exchange of digital data within the graphic arts industry and for

the exchange of files between graphic arts establishments. It is a multi-part document where each part is

intended to respond to different workflow requirements. These workflows differ in the degree of flexibility

required. However, increasing flexibility can lead to the possibility of uncertainty or error. The goal throughout

the various parts of ISO 15930 has been to maintain the degree of flexibility required while minimizing the

uncertainty.

Many printed documents are assemblies of partial pages and/or pages created at different locations and by

different organizations. The merging of these individual elements into the final printing form and the

subsequent printing can take place at different locations. Some of these elements can also be routed to

multiple sites for incorporation into other documents. Each of these elements is referred to in ISO 15930 as a

compound entity.

A variety of data formats and structures are used for the creation of this type of material, but with two

prevalent kinds of underlying data structures. These are vector-based data for the encoding of line art and

textual information and raster-based data for the encoding of image information, including previously

rasterized line art and textual information.

Both kinds of data structures are required along with page description information in an open electronic

workflow. The exchange of raster-based data using the TIFF/IT file format is defined in ISO 12639. The

subject of ISO 15930 is a format for the exchange of object-based data where individual objects can be in

either vector or raster data structures.

The various parts of ISO 15930 define a number of conformance levels intended to address different

requirements; all define data formats and their usage to permit the predictable dissemination of a compound

entity to one or more locations. These goals are accomplished by defining a specific use of the publicly

available Adobe Portable Document Format (PDF). In order to achieve a level of exchange that avoids any

ambiguity in interpretation of the file, a limited set of PDF objects that are permitted to be used is identified

and restrictions to the use, or form of use, of those objects, and/or keys within those objects are added.

In some environments the data exchange needs to be in a form ready for final print reproduction, by transfer

of a single file. This file contains all the content information necessary to process and render the document, as

intended by the sender, coded inside a single PDF file. No other files, neither external files nor internally

embedded files, are required or permitted. This exchange requires no prior knowledge of the sending and

receiving environments and is sometimes referred to as “complete” or “blind” exchange. It is platform- and

transport-independent. Whereas many production workflows benefit from the exchange of complete material,

with all elements present, there are circumstances when this is not appropriate. In certain workflows, some or

all of the referenced elements might be more logically present at the receiving site, or might be exchanged at

a different time. These include high-resolution contone-image files, line-art files, ICC profiles, etc. These

exchanges will generally require prior agreement between sender and receiver.

In some environments, the exchange needs to be restricted to CMYK (and spot colour) data, whilst in others it

is more appropriate to convey it as colour-managed, CMYK, gray, RGB, and/or spot colour, or to use

alternative process colour models.

Several new versions of the PDF specification have been issued since the publication of ISO 15930-1 in 2001.

More recent parts of ISO 15930 expand and extend earlier parts by reference to later versions of the PDF

specification.
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Table 1 summarizes the conformance levels defined in the various parts of ISO 15930.

Table 1 — PDF/X conformance levels
Conformance Part of Complete Colour-managed Print characterization
PDF version
level ISO 15930 exchange data permitted spaces supported
PDF/X-1:2001 1 Yes No CMYK 1.3
PDF/X-1a:2001 1 Yes No CMYK 1.3
PDF/X-1a:2003 4 Yes No CMYK 1.4
PDF/X-2:2003 5 No Yes Gray, RGB, CMYK 1.4
PDF/X-3:2002 3 Yes Yes Gray, RGB, CMYK 1.3
PDF/X-3:2003 6 Yes Yes Gray, RGB, CMYK 1.4
PDF/X-4 7 Yes Yes Gray, RGB, CMYK 1.6
PDF/X-4p 7 No Yes Gray, RGB, CMYK 1.6
PDF/X-5g 8 No Yes Gray, RGB, CMYK 1.6
PDF/X-5n 8 No Yes n-colorant 1.6
PDF/X-5pg 8 No Yes Gray, RGB, CMYK 1.6

This part of ISO 15930 specifies the PDF/X-4 conformance level, which incorporates all of the features

available in the PDF/X-1a and PDF/X-3 conformance levels defined in ISO 15930-1, ISO 15930-3,

ISO 15930-4 and ISO 15930-6, and adds the following.

⎯ The referenced version is PDF 1.6 (rather than PDF 1.3 in ISO 15930-1 and ISO 15930-3; and PDF 1.4 in

ISO 15930-4 and ISO 15930-6).

⎯ The use of PDF transparency, as defined in PDF 1.4 and later, has been allowed.

⎯ The use of optional content (often known as layers) has been allowed, to enable regional versioning, for

example.

⎯ Some features of PDF, defined in PDF 1.6 and earlier versions, have been disallowed in this part of

ISO 15930.

In addition, this part of ISO 15930 specifies the PDF/X-4p conformance level. PDF/X-4 requires that an ICC

profile that describes the characterization of the printing condition for which the exchanged file was prepared

be embedded. PDF/X-4p allows the ICC profile to be maintained externally to the exchanged file. This is

especially useful in those situations where the size of the ICC profile is large in comparison with the size of the

file to be exchanged; where there are a very large number of files to be exchanged that have been prepared

for the same printing condition, tone and gamut compression and black generation; or where there are

licensing issues that preclude embedding.

Due consideration needs to be given to the increased potential for issues requiring technical discussion

between file submitters and receivers when determining whether to use the PDF/X-4p conformance level in

preference to PDF/X-4. In addition, it is likely that a larger proportion of receiving sites will be capable of

accepting and correctly processing PDF/X-4 files. PDF/X-4 is preferred to PDF/X-4p where there is no

significant benefit in the use of the latter.

It is anticipated that a variety of products will be developed based on PDF/X, such as readers (including

viewers) and writers of PDF/X files, and products that offer combinations of these features. Different products

will incorporate various capabilities to prepare, interpret and process conforming files based on the application

needs as perceived by the suppliers of the products. However, it is important to note that a conforming reader

is required to be able to read and appropriately process all files conforming to a specified conformance level,

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and all files that conform to sets of previously standardized conformance levels, as defined within this part of

ISO 15930.

All parts of ISO 15930 define requirements and restrictions on the process of rendering PDF/X files for viewing

and print, in addition to the requirements and restrictions of elements and structures within the files

themselves. In some circumstances it might be appropriate to render files without rigid adherence to the

provisions of ISO 15930, but it is important to be aware that such renderings do not conform to PDF/X.

Although re-purposing of data is not a primary consideration or requirement of this part of ISO 15930,

maximum flexibility will be maintained so that future requirements for re-purposing can be accommodated.

Users of this part of ISO 15930 are cautioned that they are expected to be familiar with the documents listed

as normative references and the terms used within those documents. This part of ISO 15930, like all of the

other parts, prescribes specific uses of, and limitations on the use of, the PDF Reference and its associated

supporting documents.

An ongoing series of Application Notes (see Reference [11]) is maintained for the guidance of developers and

users of the PDF/X family of International Standards. These application notes, and other documents relevant

to PDF/X, are available from NPES, The Association for Suppliers of Printing, Publishing and Converting

Technologies, in the NPES, Standards Workroom at .

A number of other International Standards, defining focussed subsets of the Portable Document Format in

areas other than the graphic arts, are either published or under development, including PDF/A (see

Reference [8]). Where possible, PDF/X has been designed to allow a single file to comply both with PDF/X

and with these other conformance levels.
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INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 15930-7:2010(E)
Graphic technology — Prepress digital data exchange using
PDF —
Part 7:
Complete exchange of printing data (PDF/X-4) and partial
exchange of printing data with external profile reference
(PDF/X-4p) using PDF 1.6
1 Scope

This part of ISO 15930 specifies the use of the Portable Document Format (PDF) Version 1.6 for the

dissemination of digital data intended for print reproduction. When all elements necessary for final print

reproduction are contained within the file, it is designated as PDF/X-4. If a required ICC profile is externally

supplied and unambiguously identified, it is designated as PDF/X-4p.

Colour-managed, CMYK, gray, RGB or spot colour data are supported, as are PDF transparency and optional

content. Files can be prepared for use with gray, RGB and CMYK printing characterizations.

2 Normative references

The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated

references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced

document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO/IEC 10646, Information technology — Universal Multiple-Octet Coded Character Set (UCS)

ISO/IEC 10918-1:1994, Information technology — Digital compression and coding of continuous-tone still

images: Requirements and guidelines

ISO/IEC 14492:2001, Information technology — Lossy/lossless coding of bi-level images

ISO 15076-1:2005, Image technology colour management — Architecture, profile format and data structure —

Part 1: Based on ICC.1:2004-10

ISO/IEC 15444-2:2004, Information technology — JPEG 2000 image coding system: Extensions

ICC.1:1998-09, File Format for Color Profiles, International Color Consortium (available from

)

ICC.1:2001-12, File Format for Color Profiles (Version 4.0.0), International Color Consortium (available from

)

ICC.1:2003-09, File Format for Color Profiles (Version 4.1.0), International Color Consortium (available from

)

Adobe PDF Reference Guide, fifth edition, version 1.6, ISBN 0-321-30474-8 (available from

)
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Adobe Supplement to ISO 32000-1, BaseVersion 1.7, ExtensionLevel 5, Adobe Systems Incorporated.

(available from )

Errata for Adobe PDF Reference, fifth edition, version 1.6, 31 August 2005 (available from

)

PDF Blend Modes: Addendum . Adobe Systems Incorporated, January 23, 2006 (available from

)

XMP Specification, June 2005, Adobe Systems Incorporated (available from Internet

)

Extensible Markup Language (XML), version 1.0. W3C Recommendation, 3rd edn., 4 February 2004

(available from )

RDF/XML Syntax Specification (Revised), W3C Recommendation, 10 February 2004 (available from

)

RFC 3629, UTF-8, a transformation format of ISO 10646 (available from )

3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.
3.1
blind exchange

exchange of compound entities that requires no exchange of technical information between sender and

receiver in order for the receiver to render the printed page as intended by the sender

3.2
characterized printing condition

printing condition for which process control aims are defined and for which the relationship between input data

(printing tone values, usually CMYK) and the colorimetry of the printed image is documented

NOTE 1 The relationship between input data (printing tone values) and the colorimetry of the printed image is

commonly referred to as characterization.

NOTE 2 It is generally preferable that the process control aims of the printing condition and the associated

characterization data be made publicly available via the accredited standards process or industry trade associations.

3.3
CMYK

subtractive process colour model where the channels are called Cyan, Magenta, Yellow and Black

3.4
compound entity

unit of work with all text, graphics and image elements prepared for final print reproduction that might

represent a single page for printing, a portion of a page or a combination of pages

3.5
conformance level

identified set of restrictions and requirements with which files, readers and writers are required to comply

1) Addendum to Adobe PDF Reference Guide, fifth edition, version 1.6, containing additional information about the blend

modes for PDF transparency.
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3.6
default colour space

PDF colour space named DefaultGray, DefaultRGB or DefaultCMYK that provides an indirect method of

specifying the colour space of elements
3.7
device colour space
device colour space, as specified in the PDF Reference

NOTE This term is used within this part of ISO 15930 specifically within the context of the PDF Reference, and not in

a more general way.
3.8
element

substructure of a compound entity relative to the current processing environment, such as a block of text, a

contone picture or an outline graphic that, by itself, comprises the smallest logical composed unit of a

compound entity
3.9
font
identified collection of graphics that can be glyphs or other graphic elements
3.10
font metrics

set of information in a font representation used for defining the dimensions and positioning of each glyph

shape
3.11
glyph
recognizable abstract graphic symbol that is independent of any specific design
NOTE Adapted from ISO/IEC 9541-1. See Reference [1].
3.12
ICC
International Color Consortium

industry association formed to develop standardized mechanisms for colour management

3.13
ICC profile

set of colorimetric transforms prepared in accordance with ISO 15076-1:2005 or any one of the ICC.1

3.14
job ticket

electronic specification of process control for print production in either a published or a proprietary format

NOTE Job tickets as defined here include only data intended to affect the rendered appearance of the file. See

References [9] and [10].
3.15
non-print element
element not intended for final print reproduction
NOTE See 6.1.3.
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3.16
PDF
Portable Document Format
file format defined in the PDF Reference
3.17
PDF dictionary

associative table containing key-value pairs, specifying the name and value of an attribute for objects, which is

generally used to collect and tie together the attributes of a complex object
3.18
PDF/X-4
PDF/X-4 conformance level defined in this part of ISO 15930
3.19
PDF/X-4p
PDF/X-4p conformance level defined in Annex A of this part of ISO 15930
3.20
print element
element intended for final print reproduction
NOTE See 6.1.
3.21
printing tone value

number, recorded as data in the computer, corresponding to that percentage area on a printing forme that is

intended to accept ink for transfer to the final sheet in offset lithography, or the equivalent in other printing

systems
NOTE See characterized printing condition (3.2).
3.22
process colorant

additive or subtractive colorant whose characteristics (colour, transparency, etc.) make it suitable to com

...

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