Industrial trucks - Safety requirements and verification - Part 6: Burden and personnel carriers (ISO 3691-6:2021)

2020-11-17 (data): MINOR REVISION.

Flurförderzeuge - Sicherheitstechnische Anforderungen und Verifizierung - Teil 6: Lasten- und Personentransportfahrzeuge (ISO 3691-6:2021)

Dieses Dokument enthält sicherheitstechnische Anforderungen und bietet die Mittel für deren Verifizierung für selbstfahrende Transportfahrzeuge zum Transport von Lasten ohne Anheben, wie in ISO 5053 1:2020 definiert, und/oder Personentransportfahrzeuge mit drei oder mehr Rädern, einer Höchstgeschwindigkeit von nicht mehr als 56 km/h und einer Tragfähigkeit von höchstens 5 000 kg (im Folgenden als Transportfahrzeuge oder Flurförderzeuge bezeichnet).
Dieses Dokument ist auf Flurförderzeuge anwendbar, die mit einer Plattform (die gekippt werden kann) zur Beförderung von Material oder mit einer Anzahl von Sitzen zum Transport von Personen ausgestattet sind.
Dieses Dokument gilt nicht für:
—   Fahrzeuge, die hauptsächlich für Erdbauarbeiten oder den Straßentransport bestimmt sind;
—   fahrerlose Fahrzeuge;
—   mitgängerbetriebenes Flurförderzeug;
—   Golfwagen;
—   Traktoren mit einer Zugkraft am Zughaken bis einschließlich 20 000 N, ausgestattet mit einer Plattform für die Beförderung von Materialien.
Dieses Dokument behandelt alle signifikanten Gefährdungen, Gefährdungssituationen oder Gefährdungsereignisse, wie in Anhang A aufgeführt, die für die betreffenden Maschinen bei bestimmungsgemäßer Verwendung und bei vom Hersteller vernünftigerweise vorhersehbaren Fehlanwendungen relevant sind.
Dieses Dokument befasst sich nicht mit der Gefährdung durch Bruchrisiko während des Betriebs.
Dieser Teil begründet keine Voraussetzungen für Gefährdungen, die auftreten können, wenn Flurförderzeuge auf öffentlichen Straßen oder beim Betrieb in explosionsgefährdeten Bereichen eingesetzt werden.
Es werden keine Anforderungen an die Bereitstellung von Feuerlöschern gestellt.
Neben den in diesem Dokument aufgeführten Anforderungen werden regionale Anforderungen in EN 16307 6:2014 und ISO/TS 3691 8:2019 behandelt.

Chariots de manutention - Exigences de sécurité et vérification - Partie 6: Transporteurs de charges et de personnel (ISO 3691-6:2021)

Vozila za talni transport - Varnostne zahteve in preverjanje - 6. del: Tovorni in osebni vozički (ISO 3691-6:2021)

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
30-May-2021
Publication Date
12-Dec-2021
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
05-Nov-2021
Due Date
10-Jan-2022
Completion Date
13-Dec-2021

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN ISO 3691-6:2022
01-februar-2022
Nadomešča:
SIST EN ISO 3691-6:2016
SIST EN ISO 3691-6:2016/AC:2016

Vozila za talni transport - Varnostne zahteve in preverjanje - 6. del: Tovorni in

osebni vozički (ISO 3691-6:2021)

Industrial trucks - Safety requirements and verification - Part 6: Burden and personnel

carriers (ISO 3691-6:2021)

Flurförderzeuge - Sicherheitstechnische Anforderungen und Verifizierung - Teil 6:

Lasten- und Personentransportfahrzeuge (ISO 3691-6:2021)

Chariots de manutention - Exigences de sécurité et vérification - Partie 6: Transporteurs

de charges et de personnel (ISO 3691-6:2021)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN ISO 3691-6:2021
ICS:
53.060 Industrijski tovornjaki Industrial trucks
SIST EN ISO 3691-6:2022 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 3691-6:2022
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 3691-6:2022
EN ISO 3691-6
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
October 2021
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 53.060; C Supersedes EN ISO 3691-6:2015, EN ISO 3691-
6:2015/AC:2016
English Version
Industrial trucks - Safety requirements and verification -
Part 6: Burden and personnel carriers (ISO 3691-6:2021)

Chariots de manutention - Exigences de sécurité et Flurförderzeuge - Sicherheitstechnische

vérification - Partie 6: Transporteurs de charges et de Anforderungen und Verifizierung - Teil 6: Lasten- und

personnel (ISO 3691-6:2021) Personentransportfahrzeuge (ISO 3691-6:2021)
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 11 August 2021.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2021 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN ISO 3691-6:2021 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 3691-6:2022
EN ISO 3691-6:2021 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

Annex ZA (informative) Relationship between this European Standard and the essential

requirements of Directive 2006/42/EC aimed to be covered ........................................................ 4

---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 3691-6:2022
EN ISO 3691-6:2021 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN ISO 3691-6:2021) has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 110

"Industrial trucks" in collaboration with Technical Committee CEN/TC 150 “Industrial Trucks - Safety”

the secretariat of which is held by BSI.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by April 2022, and conflicting national standards shall be

withdrawn at the latest by April 2022.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes EN ISO 3691-6:2015 and EN ISO 3691-6:2015/AC:2016.

This document has been prepared under a Standardization Request given to CEN by the European

Commission and the European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU

Directive(s) / Regulation(s).

For the relationship with EU Directive(s) / Regulation(s), see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral

part of this document.

Any feedback and questions on this document should be directed to the users’ national standards

body/national committee. A complete listing of these bodies can be found on the CEN website.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland,

Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of

North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the

United Kingdom.
Endorsement notice

The text of ISO 3691-6:2021 has been approved by CEN as EN ISO 3691-6:2021 without any

modification.
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 3691-6:2022
EN ISO 3691-6:2021 (E)
Annex ZA
(informative)
Relationship between this European Standard and the essential
requirements of Directive 2006/42/EC aimed to be covered

This European Standard has been prepared under a Commission’s standardization request “M/396

Mandate to CEN and CENELEC for Standardisation in the field of machinery" to provide one voluntary

means of conforming to essential requirements of Directive 2006/42/EC of the European Parliament

and of the Council of 17 May 2006 on machinery, and amending Directive 95/16/EC (recast).

Once this standard is cited in the Official Journal of the European Union under that Directive,

compliance with the normative clauses of this standard given in Table ZA.1 confers, within the limits of

the scope of this standard, a presumption of conformity with the corresponding essential requirements

of that Directive, and associated EFTA regulations.

Table ZA.1 — Correspondence between this European Standard and Annex I of Directive

2006/42/EC
The relevant Essential Clause(s)/sub-clause(s) of Remarks/Notes
Requirements of Directive this EN
2006/42/EC
To cover all the relevant safety
requirements for the products(s) in
its scope, this standard (providing
global requirements and references
to regional requirements for a
machine) has to be applied together
with one of those standards as
specified in the scope (providing
European regional requirements for
a machine).
1.1.2. Principles of safety 4, 5, 6
integration
1.1.3. Materials and products 4.1, 4.5
1.1.4. Lighting 4.9.2
1.1.5. Design of machinery to 4.11, 6.2, 6.3
facilitate its handling
1.1.6 Ergonomics 4.6
1.1.7. Operating positions 4.5.1, 4.10, 6.2, 6.3
1.1.8. Seating 4.6.3
1.2.1. Safety and reliability of not covered
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SIST EN ISO 3691-6:2022
EN ISO 3691-6:2021 (E)
The relevant Essential Clause(s)/sub-clause(s) of Remarks/Notes
Requirements of Directive this EN
2006/42/EC
control systems
1.2.2 Control devices 4.2.2.3, 4.2.2.5, 4.4
1.2.3. Starting not covered
1.2.4.1. Normal stop not covered
1.2.4.2. Operational stop not covered
1.2.4.3. Emergency stop , not covered
1.2.5. Selection of control or 4.4.2.6,
operating modes
1.2.6. Failure of the power supply 4.3.3, 4.4.3.2
1.3.1. Risk of loss of stability 4.7
1.3.2. Risk of break-up during not covered
operation
1.3.3. Risks due to falling or ejected 4.6.3.4, 4.8.4, 4.11.1,
objects
1.3.4. Risks due to surfaces, edges 4.1.4, 4.4.2.6.5, 4.5.3.1
or angles
1.3.7. Risks related to moving parts 4.5.3, 4.6.3.4, 4.8.2
1.3.8.1. Moving transmission parts 4.5.3.1
1.3.9. Risks of uncontrolled not covered
movements
1.4.1. General requirements not covered
1.4.2.1. Fixed guards not covered
1.4.2.2. Interlocking movable not covered
guards
1.4.3. Special requirements for not covered
protective devices
1.5.1. Electricity supply not covered
1.5.2. Static electricity not covered
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 3691-6:2022
EN ISO 3691-6:2021 (E)
The relevant Essential Clause(s)/sub-clause(s) of Remarks/Notes
Requirements of Directive this EN
2006/42/EC
1.5.3. Energy supply other than 4.5, 4.8.3
electricity
1.5.4. Errors of fitting not covered
1.5.5. Extreme temperatures not covered
1.5.6. Fire 4.5.2, 4.5.4, 4.5.1.1, 4.10.1.1
1.5.7. Explosion 4.5.2. 4.5.4
1.5.8. Noise not covered
1.5.9. Vibrations not covered
1.5.10. Radiation not covered
1.5.11. External radiation not covered
1.5.13. Emissions of hazardous 4.5.1.1
materials and substances
1.5.14. Risk of being trapped in a 4.10.1.5
machine
1.5.15. Risk of slipping, tripping or 4.6.2, 4.6.3.3
falling
1.5.16. Lightning not covered
1.6.1. Machinery maintenance not covered
1.6.2. Access to operating positions 4.5.3.1
and servicing points
1.6.3. Isolation of energy sources not covered
1.6.4. Operator intervention 4.4.2.6.5
1.7.1. Information and warnings on 6.3
the machinery
1.7.1.1. Information and 4.4.4, 6.3.2
information devices
1.7.1.2. Warning devices 4.8.1
1.7.2. Warning of residual risks 6.3.3.4
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 3691-6:2022
EN ISO 3691-6:2021 (E)
The relevant Essential Clause(s)/sub-clause(s) of Remarks/Notes
Requirements of Directive this EN
2006/42/EC
1.7.3. Marking of machinery 6.3
1.7.4. Instructions 6.1, 6.2
1.7.4.1. General principles for the 6.1
drafting of instructions
1.7.4.2. Contents of the instructions 6.2
1.7.4.3. Sales literature not covered
3.2.1. Driving position not covered
3.2.2. Seating 4.6.3.3
3.2.3. Positions for other persons 4.6.3.2
3.3.1. Control devices 4.4
3.3.2. Starting/moving 4.2.2.2, 4.2.2.4
3.3. Control systems 4.2.1
3.3.3. Travelling function 4.2, 4.3
3.3.4. Movement of pedestrian- not covered
controlled machinery
3.3.5. Control circuit failure 4.4.3.2
3.4.1. Uncontrolled movements 4.7, 4.8.4
3.4.2. Moving transmission parts 4.5.3
3.4.3. Roll-over and tip-over not covered
3.4.4. Falling objects not covered
3.4.5. Means of access not covered
3.4.6. Towing devices 4.4.2.6.5
3.5.1. Batteries 4.8.4, 4.8.5
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 3691-6:2022
EN ISO 3691-6:2021 (E)
The relevant Essential Clause(s)/sub-clause(s) of Remarks/Notes
Requirements of Directive this EN
2006/42/EC
3.5.2. Fire not covered
3.6.1. Signs, signals and warnings 4.8.1, 4.9.2
3.6.2. Marking 6.3.1
3.6.3. Instructions 6
3.6.3.1. Vibrations not covered

WARNING 1 — Presumption of conformity stays valid only as long as a reference to this European

Standard is maintained in the list published in the Official Journal of the European Union. Users of this

standard should consult frequently the latest list published in the Official Journal of the European

Union.

WARNING 2 — Other Union legislation may be applicable to the product(s) falling within the scope of

this standard.
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 3691-6:2022
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 3691-6
Second edition
2021-07
Industrial trucks — Safety
requirements and verification —
Part 6:
Burden and personnel carriers
Chariots de manutention — Exigences de sécurité et vérification —
Partie 6: Transporteurs de charges et de personnel
Reference number
ISO 3691-6:2021(E)
ISO 2021
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 3691-6:2022
ISO 3691-6:2021(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2021

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 12 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 3691-6:2022
ISO 3691-6:2021(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

Introduction ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................vi

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

4 Safety requirements and/or protective measures ............................................................................................................ 3

4.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

4.1.1 Overall requirements ................................................................................................................................................... 3

4.1.2 Normal climatic conditions..................................................................................................................................... 3

4.1.3 Electrical requirements ............................................................................................................................................. 3

4.1.4 Edges and angles .............................................................................................................................................................. 3

4.1.5 Stored energy components ..................................................................................................................................... 3

4.2 Starting/moving..................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

4.2.1 Unauthorized starting ................................................................................................................................................. 3

4.2.2 Unintended movement ............................................................................................................................................... 3

4.2.3 Speedometer ....................................................................................................................................................................... 4

4.3 Brakes ............................................................................................................................................................................................................. 4

4.3.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

4.3.2 Stand-on carriers ............................................................................................................................................................. 4

4.3.3 Failure of the energy supply................................................................................................................................... 4

4.4 Manual control actuators ............................................................................................................................................................... 5

4.4.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

4.4.2 Travel and braking controls ................................................................................................................................... 5

4.4.3 Steering controls .............................................................................................................................................................. 6

4.4.4 Marking .................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

4.5 Power systems and accessories................................................................................................................................................ 7

4.5.1 Exhaust and cooling systems ................................................................................................................................ 7

4.5.2 Fuel tank ...................................................................... ............................................................................................................ 7

4.5.3 Access to engine and other compartments ............................................................................................... 7

4.5.4 Liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) carriers ...................................................................................................... 7

4.6 Operator and passenger positions ......................................................................................................................................10

4.6.1 Dimensions ........................................................................................................................................................................10

4.6.2 Compartment floor .....................................................................................................................................................11

4.6.3 Seats .........................................................................................................................................................................................11

4.6.4 Protection from burning ........................................................................................................................................12

4.6.5 Protection against crushing, shearing and trapping ......................................................................12

4.7 Stability .......................................................................................................................................................................................................12

4.8 Protective devices ..............................................................................................................................................................................12

4.8.1 Warning device ...............................................................................................................................................................12

4.8.2 Devices for towing .......................................................................................................................................................12

4.8.3 Wheels with split wheel rims for inflatable tyres ............................................................................12

4.8.4 Battery restraint devices ........................................................................................................................................13

4.8.5 Traction battery requirements .........................................................................................................................13

4.9 Visibility/lighting ...............................................................................................................................................................................13

4.9.1 Visibility................................................................................................................................................................................13

4.9.2 Lighting .................................................................................................................................................................................13

4.10 Environmental conditions ..........................................................................................................................................................14

4.10.1 Operator’s cab .................................................................................................................................................................14

4.10.2 Noise emissions .............................................................................................................................................................14

4.10.3 Vibration ..............................................................................................................................................................................14

4.10.4 Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) ........................................................................................................14

4.11 Transport ..................................................................................................................................................................................................15

4.11.1 Location for lifting and/or slinging points .............................................................................................15

© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 13 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 3691-6:2022
ISO 3691-6:2021(E)

4.11.2 Tie-down points ............................................................................................................................................................15

4.11.3 Slinging of removable attachments ..............................................................................................................15

5 Verification of safety requirements and/or protective measures .................................................................15

5.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................15

5.2 Functional verification ..................................................................................................................................................................15

6 Information for use .........................................................................................................................................................................................16

6.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................16

6.2 Instruction handbook(s) .............................................................................................................................................................16

6.2.1 Concerning the carrier .............................................................................................................................................16

6.2.2 Operation of the carrier ..........................................................................................................................................16

6.2.3 Service and maintenance of the carrier ....................................................................................................17

6.2.4 Transportation, commissioning and storage ........................................................................................18

6.2.5 Truck modification ......................................................................................................................................................18

6.3 Marking ......................................................................................................................................................................................................18

6.3.1 Information plates .......................................................................................................................................................18

6.3.2 Marking of controls ....................................................................................................................................................19

6.3.3 Other information ........................................................................................................................................................19

Annex A (informative) List of significant hazards................................................................................................................................20

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................25

iv © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 14 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 3691-6:2022
ISO 3691-6:2021(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/ directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/ patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT), see www .iso .org/

iso/ foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 110, Industrial trucks, Subcommittee

SC 2, Safety of industrial trucks, in collaboration with the European Committee for Standardization

(CEN) Technical Committee CEN/TC 150, Industrial Trucks – Safety, in accordance with the Agreement

on technical cooperation between ISO and CEN (Vienna Agreement).

This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition (ISO 3691-6:2013), which has been technically

revised.
The main changes compared to the previous edition are as follows:
— the Introduction has been modified;

— throughout the document, old references to ISO 5053 have been updated to ISO 5053-1 and references

to ISO/TS 3691-7 to EN 16307-6;
— in 4.7, the stability requirements have been changed to ISO 22915-17;

— in 4.6.3.1, the range for weight adjustment of the seat has been changed to "52 kg to 114 kg";

— in 4.6.3.3, the requirements for restraints and handholds have been clarified;
— in 6.2.2.1, list item t) has been added;

— in 6.2.5, the old requirement has been replaced by a reference to regional requirements outside

Europe in ISO/TS 3691-8.
A list of all parts in the ISO 3691 series can be found on the ISO website.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be
...

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
oSIST prEN ISO 3691-6:2021
01-maj-2021

Vozila za talni transport - Varnostne zahteve in preverjanje - 6. del: Tovorni in

osebni vozički (ISO/FDIS 3691-6:2021)

Industrial trucks - Safety requirements and verification - Part 6: Burden and personnel

carriers (ISO/FDIS 3691-6:2021)

Flurförderzeuge - Sicherheitstechnische Anforderungen und Verifizierung - Teil 6: Lasten-

und Personentransportfahrzeuge (ISO/FDIS 3691-6:2021)

Chariots de manutention - Exigences de sécurité et vérification - Partie 6: Transporteurs

de charges et de personnel (ISO/FDIS 3691-6:2021)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: prEN ISO 3691-6
ICS:
53.060 Industrijski tovornjaki Industrial trucks
oSIST prEN ISO 3691-6:2021 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
oSIST prEN ISO 3691-6:2021
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
oSIST prEN ISO 3691-6:2021
FINAL
INTERNATIONAL ISO/FDIS
DRAFT
STANDARD 3691-6
ISO/TC 110/SC 2
Industrial trucks — Safety
Secretariat: SIS
requirements and verification —
Voting begins on:
2021-03-04
Part 6:
Voting terminates on:
Burden and personnel carriers
2021-05-27
Chariots de manutention — Exigences de sécurité et vérification —
Partie 6: Transporteurs de charges et de personnel
ISO/CEN PARALLEL PROCESSING
RECIPIENTS OF THIS DRAFT ARE INVITED TO
SUBMIT, WITH THEIR COMMENTS, NOTIFICATION
OF ANY RELEVANT PATENT RIGHTS OF WHICH
THEY ARE AWARE AND TO PROVIDE SUPPOR TING
DOCUMENTATION.
IN ADDITION TO THEIR EVALUATION AS
Reference number
BEING ACCEPTABLE FOR INDUSTRIAL, TECHNO-
ISO/FDIS 3691-6:2021(E)
LOGICAL, COMMERCIAL AND USER PURPOSES,
DRAFT INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS MAY ON
OCCASION HAVE TO BE CONSIDERED IN THE
LIGHT OF THEIR POTENTIAL TO BECOME STAN-
DARDS TO WHICH REFERENCE MAY BE MADE IN
NATIONAL REGULATIONS. ISO 2021
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
oSIST prEN ISO 3691-6:2021
ISO/FDIS 3691-6:2021(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2021

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
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oSIST prEN ISO 3691-6:2021
ISO/FDIS 3691-6:2021(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

Introduction ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................vi

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

4 Safety requirements and/or protective measures ............................................................................................................ 3

4.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

4.1.1 Overall requirements ................................................................................................................................................... 3

4.1.2 Normal climatic conditions..................................................................................................................................... 3

4.1.3 Electrical requirements ............................................................................................................................................. 3

4.1.4 Edges and angles .............................................................................................................................................................. 3

4.1.5 Stored energy components ..................................................................................................................................... 3

4.2 Starting/moving..................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

4.2.1 Unauthorized starting ................................................................................................................................................. 3

4.2.2 Unintended movement ............................................................................................................................................... 3

4.2.3 Speedometer ....................................................................................................................................................................... 4

4.3 Brakes ............................................................................................................................................................................................................. 4

4.3.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

4.3.2 Stand-on carriers ............................................................................................................................................................. 4

4.3.3 Failure of the energy supply................................................................................................................................... 4

4.4 Manual control actuators ............................................................................................................................................................... 5

4.4.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

4.4.2 Travel and braking controls ................................................................................................................................... 5

4.4.3 Steering controls .............................................................................................................................................................. 6

4.4.4 Marking .................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

4.5 Power systems and accessories................................................................................................................................................ 7

4.5.1 Exhaust and cooling systems ................................................................................................................................ 7

4.5.2 Fuel tank ...................................................................... ............................................................................................................ 7

4.5.3 Access to engine and other compartments ............................................................................................... 7

4.5.4 Liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) carriers ...................................................................................................... 7

4.6 Operator and passenger positions ......................................................................................................................................10

4.6.1 Dimensions ........................................................................................................................................................................10

4.6.2 Compartment floor .....................................................................................................................................................11

4.6.3 Seats .........................................................................................................................................................................................11

4.6.4 Protection from burning ........................................................................................................................................12

4.6.5 Protection against crushing, shearing and trapping ......................................................................12

4.7 Stability .......................................................................................................................................................................................................12

4.8 Protective devices ..............................................................................................................................................................................12

4.8.1 Warning device ...............................................................................................................................................................12

4.8.2 Devices for towing .......................................................................................................................................................12

4.8.3 Wheels with split wheel rims for inflatable tyres ............................................................................12

4.8.4 Battery restraint devices ........................................................................................................................................13

4.8.5 Traction battery requirements .........................................................................................................................13

4.9 Visibility/lighting ...............................................................................................................................................................................13

4.9.1 Visibility................................................................................................................................................................................13

4.9.2 Lighting .................................................................................................................................................................................13

4.10 Environmental conditions ..........................................................................................................................................................14

4.10.1 Operator’s cab .................................................................................................................................................................14

4.10.2 Noise emissions .............................................................................................................................................................14

4.10.3 Vibration ..............................................................................................................................................................................14

4.10.4 Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) ........................................................................................................14

4.11 Transport ..................................................................................................................................................................................................15

4.11.1 Location for lifting and/or slinging points .............................................................................................15

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4.11.2 Tie-down points ............................................................................................................................................................15

4.11.3 Slinging of removable attachments ..............................................................................................................15

5 Verification of safety requirements and/or protective measures .................................................................15

5.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................15

5.2 Functional verification ..................................................................................................................................................................15

6 Information for use .........................................................................................................................................................................................16

6.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................16

6.2 Instruction handbook(s) .............................................................................................................................................................16

6.2.1 Concerning the carrier .............................................................................................................................................16

6.2.2 Operation of the carrier ..........................................................................................................................................16

6.2.3 Service and maintenance of the carrier ....................................................................................................17

6.2.4 Transportation, commissioning and storage ........................................................................................18

6.2.5 Truck modification ......................................................................................................................................................18

6.3 Marking ......................................................................................................................................................................................................18

6.3.1 Information plates .......................................................................................................................................................18

6.3.2 Marking of controls ....................................................................................................................................................19

6.3.3 Other information ........................................................................................................................................................19

Annex A (informative) List of significant hazards................................................................................................................................20

Annex ZA (informative) Relationship between this European Standard and the essential

requirements of Directive 2006/42/EC aimed to be covered ............................................................................25

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................28

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oSIST prEN ISO 3691-6:2021
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Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/ directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/ patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT), see www .iso .org/

iso/ foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 110, Industrial trucks, Subcommittee

SC 2, Safety of industrial trucks, in collaboration with the European Committee for Standardization

(CEN) Technical Committee CEN/TC 150, Industrial Trucks – Safety, in accordance with the Agreement

on technical cooperation between ISO and CEN (Vienna Agreement).

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/ members .html.

This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition (ISO 3691-6:2013), which has been technically

revised.
The main changes compared to the previous edition are as follows:
— the Introduction has been modified;

— throughout the document, old references to ISO 5053 have been updated to ISO 5053-1 and references

to ISO/TS 3691-7 to EN 16307-6;
— in 4.7, the stability requirements have been changed to ISO 22915-17;

— in 4.6.3.1, the range for weight adjustment of the seat has been changed to "52 kg to 114 kg";

— in 4.6.3.3, the requirements for restraints and handholds have been clarified;
— in 6.2.2.1, list item t) has been added;

— in 6.2.5, the old requirement has been replaced by a reference to regional requirements outside

Europe in ISO/TS 3691-8.
A list of all parts in the ISO 3691 series can be found on the ISO website.
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oSIST prEN ISO 3691-6:2021
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Introduction
This document is a type-C standard as stated in ISO 12100.

This document is of relevance, in particular, for the following stakeholder groups representing the

market players with regard to machinery safety:
— machine manufacturers (small, medium and large enterprises);

— health and safety bodies (regulators, accident prevention organisations, market surveillance etc.)

Others can be affected by the level of machinery safety achieved with the means of the document by the

above-mentioned stakeholder groups:
— machine users/employers (small, medium and large enterprises);

— machine users/employees (e.g. trade unions, organizations for people with special needs);

— service providers, e. g. for maintenance (small, medium and large enterprises);

— consumers (in case of machinery intended for use by consumers).

The above-mentioned stakeholder groups have been given the possibility to participate at the drafting

process of this document.

The machinery concerned and the extent to which hazards, hazardous situations or hazardous events

are covered are indicated in the Scope of this document.

When requirements of this type-C standard are different from those which are stated in type-A or

type-B standards, the requirements of this type-C standard take precedence over the requirements of

the other standards for machines that have been designed and built according to the requirements of

this type-C standard.

This document does not repeat all the technical rules which are state-of-the-art and which are applicable

to the material used to construct the industrial truck. Reference to ISO 12100 is also necessary.

Structure

An important step forward in the work on the ISO 3691 series was the agreement to issue a new

structure of International Standards for industrial trucks having on one side basic standards for all

kinds of trucks and on the other side independent standards to cover the respective specific functions

of industrial trucks, e.g. visibility, noise, vibration, electrical requirements, etc.

Global relevance

From the beginning, the task of the working group was to revise ISO 3691:1980 and establish worldwide

basic standards to align with the major regulations in, for example, the European Union, Japan, Australia

and North America.

Every effort was made to develop a globally relevant International Standard. That goal was achieved

with most of the issues. For several potential problem areas, compromises were needed and will be

needed in the future. Where divergent regional requirements remain, these are addressed by the

EN 16307 series and ISO/TS 3691-8:2019.
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oSIST prEN ISO 3691-6:2021
FINAL DRAFT INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO/FDIS 3691-6:2021(E)
Industrial trucks — Safety requirements and
verification —
Part 6:
Burden and personnel carriers
1 Scope

This document gives safety requirements and the means for their verification for self-propelled

carriers designed for carrying burdens without lifting, as defined in ISO 5053-1:2020, and/or personnel

carriers, having three or more wheels, a maximum speed not exceeding 56 km/h and a load capacity

not exceeding 5 000 kg (hereafter referred to as carriers or trucks).

This document is applicable to trucks equipped with a platform (which can be tilting) for the purpose of

carrying materials or with a number of seats for the purpose of transporting passengers.

It is not applicable to:
— vehicles intended primarily for earth-moving or over-the-road hauling;
— driverless trucks;
— pedestrian controlled trucks;
— golf cars;

— tractors with a drawbar pull up to and including 20 000 N equipped with a platform for the purpose

of carrying materials.

This document deals with all significant hazards, hazardous situations or hazardous events, as listed

in Annex A, relevant to the applicable machines when used as intended and under conditions of misuse

which are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer.

This document does not deal with hazard due to the risk of break-up during operation.

It does not establish requirements for hazards that can occur when using trucks on public roads or

when operating in potentially explosive atmospheres.
It does not establish requirements to provide fire extinguishers.

Regional requirements, additional to the requirements given in this document, are addressed in

EN 16307-6:2014 and ISO/TS 3691-8:2019.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 2867:2011, Earth-moving machinery — Access systems

ISO 3287:1999, Powered industrial trucks — Symbols for operator controls and other displays

ISO 3411:2007, Earth-moving machinery — Physical dimensions of operators and minimum operator space

envelope
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ISO 3795:1989, Road vehicles, and tractors and machinery for agriculture and forestry — Determination of

burning behaviour of interior materials

ISO 5010:2019, Earth-moving machinery — Rubber-tyred machines — Steering requirements

ISO 5053-1:2020, Industrial trucks — Vocabulary — Part 1: Types of industrial trucks

ISO 6292:2020, Powered industrial trucks and tractors — Brake performance and component strength

ISO 12100:2010, Safety of machinery — General principles for design — Risk assessment and risk reduction

ISO 13564-1:2012, Powered industrial trucks — Test methods for verification of visibility — Part 1: Sit-on

and stand-on operator trucks and variable-reach trucks up to and including 10 t capacity

ISO 13849-1:2006, Safety of machinery — Safety-related parts of control systems — Part 1: General

principles for design

ISO 15870:2000, Powered industrial trucks — Safety signs and hazard pictorials — General principles

ISO 20898:2008, Industrial trucks — Electrical requirements

ISO 21281:2005, Construction and layout of pedals of self-propelled sit-down rider-controlled industrial

trucks — Rules for the construction and layout of pedals

ISO 24135-1:2006, Industrial trucks — Specifications and test methods for operator restraint systems —

Part 1: Lap-type seat belts

ISO 22915-17:2020, Industrial trucks — Verification of stability — Part 17: Towing tractors, burden and

personnel carriers
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in ISO 5053-1:2020, ISO 12100:2010

and the following apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https:// www .iso .org/ obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at http:// www .electropedia .org/
3.1
burden carrier
personnel carrier

mobile power-driven machine that is not self-loading, used for transporting material and/or personnel

on indoor and outdoor improved surfaces, but not for use on public roads
3.2
operator

designated person, trained and authorized, who is responsible for the movement and operation of

the carrier and, depending on the carrier type, can be transported by the carrier, or can be on foot

accompanying the truck or can be remote from the truck (remote-controlled by cables, radio, etc.)

3.3
normal operating position

position in which the operator is able to control all functions for driving as defined by the manufacturer

3.4
load capacity
maximum load, including the operator and passengers
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3.5
capacity
operator and number of passengers permitted by the manufacturer
4 Safety requirements and/or protective measures
4.1 General
4.1.1 Overall requirements

Trucks shall comply with the safety requirements and/or protective measures of this clause. In addition,

the truck shall be designed according to the principles of ISO 12100:2010 for relevant but not significant

hazards which are not dealt with by this document.
4.1.2 Normal climatic conditions
For truck operation, the following climatic conditions apply:
— average ambient temperature for continuous duty: +25 °C
— maximum ambient temperature, short term (up to 1 h): +40 °C

— lowest ambient temperature for trucks intended for use in normal indoor conditions: +5 °C

— lowest ambient temperature for trucks intended for use in normal outdoor conditions: −20 °C

— altitude: up to 2 000 m
4.1.3 Electrical requirements

Electrical systems and equipment shall be in accordance with ISO 20898:2008. However, regional

requirements can exist (see EN 16307-6:2014 and ISO/TS 3691-8:2019).
4.1.4 Edges and angles

There shall be no sharp edges or angles posing a hazard in the area of the operator in the normal

operating position or in the area of access and egress of operators or passengers and during normal

operation and daily checks.
4.1.5 Stored energy components

Components which store energy and would cause a risk during removal or disassembly, e.g. hydraulic

accumulator or spring applied brakes, shall be provided with a means of releasing the energy before

removal or disassembly.
4.2 Starting/moving
4.2.1 Unauthorized starting

Carriers shall be provided with a device (e.g. a key, a code, a magnetic card) that prevents starting

without that device.
4.2.2 Unintended movement
4.2.2.1 Parking brake
A parking brake shall be provided complying with 4.3.1.
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4.2.2.2 Internal combustion engine-powered carriers
Internal combustion
...

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