Rough-terrain trucks - Safety requirements and verification - Part 4: Additional requirements for variable-reach trucks handling freely suspended loads

This document specifies the additional safety requirements and means of verification for rough-terrain variable-reach trucks (hereafter referred to as trucks) designed and intended for handling suspended loads which can swing freely in one or more directions. It is applicable to trucks covered by EN 1459-1 and EN 1459-2.
This document does not apply to:
-   the lifting of suspended loads which by design of the load or the lifting attachments does not allow the load to swing freely in any direction;
-   the handling of flexible intermediate bulk containers, as defined in ISO 21898, carried under the forks of the truck;
-   any attachments/means used for lifting personnel;
-   lifting accessories not included as part of the lifting attachment;
-   freight container handling trucks.
This document deals with significant hazards, hazardous situations or hazardous events relevant to trucks handling a freely suspended load, when they are used as intended by the manufacturer.
This document is not applicable to rough-terrain variable-reach trucks fitted with a lifting attachment for handling suspended loads manufactured before the date of its publication.

Geländegängige Stapler - Sicherheitstechnische Anforderungen und Verifizierung - Teil 4: Zusätzliche Anforderungen für Stapler mit veränderlicher Reichweite zum Befördern angehängter Lasten

Dieses Dokument beschreibt die ergänzenden Sicherheitsanforderungen und Mittel der Überprüfung für geländegängige Flurförderzeuge mit veränderlicher Reichweite (nachfolgend als Stapler bezeichnet), die für die Handhabung von hängenden Lasten, die in einer oder mehreren Richtungen frei schwenkbar sind, konstruiert und vorgesehen sind. Anwendbar für durch EN 1459-1 und EN 1459-2 abgedeckte Stapler.
Dieses Dokument gilt nicht für:
-   das Heben von hängenden Lasten, die durch die Konstruktion der Last oder der Hebe-Zusatzeinrichtungen der Last nicht frei in alle Richtungen schwenkbar sind;
-   die Bearbeitung von flexiblen Großpackmitteln, wie in ISO 21898 beschrieben, die unter den Gabeln des Staplers getragen werden;
-   alle Zusatzeinrichtungen/ Mittel, die für das Heben von Personal genutzt werden;
-   Hebezubehör, welches nicht Teil der Hebe-Zusatzeinrichtung ist;
-   Stapler für Frachtcontainer.
Dieses Dokument befasst sich mit signifikanten Gefährdungen, Gefährdungssituationen oder Gefährdungsereignissen, die für Stapler, die eine frei hängende Last bearbeiten, relevant sind, wenn diese wie vom Hersteller vorgesehen benutzt werden.
Dieses Dokument gilt nicht für Stapler, ausgestattet mit einer Hebe-Zusatzeinrichtung für hängende Lasten, die vor dem Datum dieser Veröffentlichung hergestellt wurden.

Chariots tout-terrain - Prescriptions de sécurité et vérification - Partie 4 : Prescriptions supplémentaires pour les chariots à portée-variable manutentionnant des charges suspendues à oscillation libre

Le présent document spécifie les prescriptions de sécurité supplémentaires et les moyens de vérification pour les chariots tout‐terrain à portée variable (ci‐après désignés « chariots ») conçus et destinés à manutentionner des charges suspendues qui peuvent osciller librement dans une ou plusieurs directions. Il est applicable aux chariots couverts par les EN 1459-1 et EN 1459-2.
Le présent document ne s'applique pas :
-   au levage de charges suspendues qui, d'après la conception de la charge ou des équipements de levage, ne permet pas à la charge d'osciller librement dans toutes les directions ;
-   à la manutention de grands récipients vrac souples, tels que définis dans l'ISO 21898, transportés sous les fourches du chariot ;
-   à tous les accessoires/moyens utilisés pour le levage de personnel ;
-   aux équipements de levage ne faisant pas partie de l’accessoire de levage ;
-   aux chariots porte-conteneurs.
Le présent document traite des phénomènes dangereux significatifs, des situations et événements dangereux pertinents pour les chariots manutentionnant une charge suspendue librement, lorsqu'ils sont utilisés comme prévu par le fabricant.
Le présent document n'est pas applicable aux chariots tout‐terrain à portée variable pourvus d'un équipement de levage pour manutentionner des charges suspendues fabriqués avant la date de sa publication.

Vozila za talni transport - Terenska vozila - Varnostne zahteve in preverjanje - 4. del: Dodatne zahteve za tovornjake z mehanizmom s spremenljivim dosegom za dvigovanje prosto visečih bremen

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
08-Jul-2018
Publication Date
26-Jan-2021
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
05-Jan-2021
Due Date
12-Mar-2021
Completion Date
27-Jan-2021

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 1459-4:2021
01-april-2021

Vozila za talni transport - Terenska vozila - Varnostne zahteve in preverjanje - 4.

del: Dodatne zahteve za tovornjake z mehanizmom s spremenljivim dosegom za
dvigovanje prosto visečih bremen
Rough-terrain trucks - Safety requirements and verification - Part 4: Additional
requirements for variable-reach trucks handling freely suspended loads

Geländegängige Stapler - Sicherheitstechnische Anforderungen und Verifizierung - Teil

4: Zusätzliche Anforderungen für Stapler mit veränderlicher Reichweite zum Befördern

angehängter Lasten

Chariots tout-terrain - Prescriptions de sécurité et vérification - Partie 4 : Prescriptions

supplémentaires pour les chariots à portée-variable manutentionnant des charges
suspendues à oscillation libre
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 1459-4:2020
ICS:
53.060 Industrijski tovornjaki Industrial trucks
SIST EN 1459-4:2021 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN 1459-4:2021
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SIST EN 1459-4:2021
EN 1459-4
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
December 2020
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 53.060
English Version
Rough-terrain trucks - Safety requirements and
verification - Part 4: Additional requirements for variable-
reach trucks handling freely suspended loads

Chariots tout-terrain - Prescriptions de sécurité et Geländegängige Stapler - Sicherheitstechnische

vérification - Partie 4 : Prescriptions supplémentaires Anforderungen und Verifizierung - Teil 4: Zusätzliche

pour les chariots à portée-variable manutentionnant Anforderungen für Stapler mit veränderlicher

des charges suspendues à oscillation libre Reichweite zum Befördern angehängter Lasten

This European Standard was approved by CEN on 23 November 2020.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2020 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 1459-4:2020 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN 1459-4:2021
EN 1459-4:2020 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 4

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 5

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 5

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 6

4 Safety requirements and/or protective/risk reduction measures ............................................... 7

4.1 General ................................................................................................................................................................ 7

4.1.1 Context ................................................................................................................................................................ 7

4.1.2 Specific relation to EN 1459-1 and EN 1459-2 ...................................................................................... 7

4.2 Stability ............................................................................................................................................................... 8

4.2.1 Load chart for suspended load lifting attachment(s)......................................................................... 8

4.3 Connection point for lifting accessories ................................................................................................. 8

4.3.1 General ................................................................................................................................................................ 8

4.3.2 Maximum rated load lifting capacity ....................................................................................................... 8

4.3.3 Strength of the connection point for lifting accessories ................................................................... 8

4.4 Dynamic structural integrity ...................................................................................................................... 8

5 Verification of safety requirements and/or protective/risk reduction measures ................. 8

5.1 Tests for trucks and for lifting attachments .......................................................................................... 8

5.2 Dynamic structural test ................................................................................................................................ 9

5.2.1 General ................................................................................................................................................................ 9

5.2.2 General test set up .......................................................................................................................................... 9

5.2.3 Test procedure .............................................................................................................................................. 10

5.2.4 Acceptance criteria ...................................................................................................................................... 11

5.3 Additional requirements for pick and carry ...................................................................................... 11

5.3.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 11

5.3.2 Lateral test procedure ................................................................................................................................ 11

5.3.3 Longitudinal stability by test loading ................................................................................................... 12

5.3.4 Acceptance criteria ...................................................................................................................................... 12

5.4 Strength tests for the connection point for lifting accessories .................................................... 13

6 Information for use ..................................................................................................................................... 13

6.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 13

6.2 Instruction handbook ................................................................................................................................. 13

6.3 Load chart ....................................................................................................................................................... 14

6.3.1 Load chart for lifting attachments ......................................................................................................... 14

6.3.2 Load chart for connection point for lifting accessories .................................................................. 14

6.3.3 Marking ............................................................................................................................................................ 14

Annex A (informative) List of significant hazards ........................................................................................... 15

Annex ZA (informative) Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential

Requirements of EU Directive 2006/42/EC on machinery ........................................................... 17

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 22

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SIST EN 1459-4:2021
EN 1459-4:2020 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN 1459-4:2020) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 150 “Industrial

Trucks - Safety”, the secretariat of which is held by BSI.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by June 2021, and conflicting national standards shall be

withdrawn at the latest by June 2021.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the

European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive 2006/42/EC.

For relationship with EU Directive, see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this document.

EN 1459 consists of the following parts, under the general title Rough-terrain trucks — Safety

requirements and verification:
Part 1: Variable-reach trucks;
Part 2: Slewing variable-reach trucks;
Part 3: Interface between the variable-reach truck and the work platform;

Part 4: Additional requirements for variable-reach trucks handling freely suspended loads;

Part 5: Additional requirements for attachments and attachment interface;

Part 6: Application of EN ISO 13849-1 to slewing and non-slewing variable-reach rough-terrain trucks;

Part 8: Variable-reach tractors.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organisations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia,

Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland,

Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of North

Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United

Kingdom.
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SIST EN 1459-4:2021
EN 1459-4:2020 (E)
Introduction

This document is of relevance, in particular, for the following stakeholder groups representing the market

players with regard to machinery safety:
— machine manufacturers (small, medium and large enterprises);

— health and safety bodies (regulators, accident prevention organizations, market surveillance etc.).

Others can be affected by the level of machinery safety achieved with the means of the document by the

above-mentioned stakeholder groups:
— machine users/employers (small, medium and large enterprises);

— machine users/employees (e.g. trade unions, organizations for people with special needs);

— service providers, e.g. for maintenance (small, medium and large enterprises);
— consumers (in case of machinery intended for use by consumers).

The above-mentioned stakeholder groups have been given the possibility to participate at the drafting

process of this document.

The machinery concerned and the extent to which hazards, hazardous situations or hazardous events are

covered are indicated in the Scope of this document.
All quantities are in SI units, and this includes metric units.
This document is a type C standard as stated in EN ISO 12100.

The machinery concerned and the extent to which hazards, hazardous situations and hazardous events

are covered are indicated in the scope of this document.

When provisions of this type C standard are different from those which are stated in type A or B

standards, the provisions of this type C standard take precedence over the provisions of the other

standards, for machines that have been designed and built according to the provisions of this type C

standard.
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SIST EN 1459-4:2021
EN 1459-4:2020 (E)
1 Scope

This document specifies the safety requirements and means of verification in addition to

EN 1459-1:2017+A1:2020 and EN 1459-2:2015+A1:2018 as applicable, for rough-terrain variable-reach

trucks (hereafter referred to as trucks) designed and intended for handling suspended loads which can

swing freely in one or more directions. It is applicable to trucks covered by EN 1459-1:2017+A1:2020

and EN 1459-2:2015+A1:2018.
This document does not apply to:

— the lifting of suspended loads which by design of the load or the lifting attachments does not allow

the load to swing freely in any direction;

— the handling of flexible intermediate bulk containers, as defined in ISO 21898:2004, carried under

the forks of the truck or with attachments intended for this purpose;
— any attachments / means used for lifting personnel;
— lifting accessories;
— freight container handling trucks;
— mobile cranes (covered by EN 13000:2010+A1:2014).

This document deals with all significant hazards, hazardous situations or hazardous events, related to

trucks handling a freely suspended load, when they are used as intended and under conditions of misuse

which are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer (see Annex A).
This document does not deal with load limiter for attachments.

This document is not applicable to rough-terrain variable-reach trucks designed and intended for

handling suspended loads manufactured before the date of its publication.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

EN 1459-1:2017+A1:2020, Rough-terrain trucks — Safety requirements and verification — Part 1:

Variable-reach trucks

EN 1459-2:2015+A1:2018, Rough-terrain trucks — Safety requirements and verification — Part 2: Slewing

variable-reach trucks

EN ISO 12100:2010, Safety of machinery — General principles for design — Risk assessment and risk

reduction (ISO 12100:2010)
ISO 7000:2019, Graphical symbols for use on equipment — Registered symbols

ISO 22915-1:2016, Industrial trucks — Verification of stability — Part 1: General

ISO 22915-10:2008, Industrial trucks — Verification of stability — Part 10: Additional stability test for

trucks operating in the special condition of stacking with load laterally displaced by powered devices

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SIST EN 1459-4:2021
EN 1459-4:2020 (E)

ISO 22915-14:2010, Industrial trucks — Verification of stability — Part 14: Rough-terrain variable-reach

trucks

ISO 22915-20:2008, Industrial trucks — Verification of stability — Part 20: Additional stability test for

trucks operating in the special condition of offset load, offset by utilization

ISO 22915-24:2015, Industrial trucks — Verification of stability — Part 24: Slewing variable-reach rough-

terrain trucks
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in EN ISO 12100:2010,

EN 1459-1:2017+A1:2020 and EN 1459-2:2015+A1:2018 with the following apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/
— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https://www.iso.org/obp
3.1
lifting attachment

interchangeable equipment mounted to the truck from which a lifting accessory or a load can be

suspended
EXAMPLE Jib, hoist
3.2
jib

device, telescopic or not, intended to extend forward the lifting point of the truck

Note 1 to entry: See Figure 1.
Figure 1 — Example of a jib
3.3
hoist

interchangeable equipment for lifting and lowering suspended loads over predetermined distances, using

ropes or chains
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SIST EN 1459-4:2021
EN 1459-4:2020 (E)
3.4
suspended load

load that can swing freely in one or more direction when attached to a lifting attachment by means of a

lifting accessory or a load handling means
EXAMPLE Log clamp
3.5
tether
simple means used to restrain the dynamic effects of the suspended load
3.6
level ground
ground with a gradient of 0 ± 2 %
3.7
pick and carry
act of travelling with a suspended load
3.8
load handling means

part of the lifting attachment for holding the load or which the load/lifting accessory is attached to

EXAMPLE Hook, grab, clamp
3.9
connection point for lifting accessory

point on the boom or carriage intended by the manufacturer of the truck for connecting lifting accessories

(e.g. shackle and hook)
3.10
truck type

one or more trucks representative of a given design, technical characteristics and application

Note 1 to entry: A type of truck can be produced in series or as a single unit.

Note 2 to entry: One type of truck can have variants; they are considered as belonging to the same type, when

they have the same basic design, present similar hazards and have similar protective measures.

4 Safety requirements and/or protective/risk reduction measures
4.1 General
4.1.1 Context

Trucks shall comply with the safety requirements and/or protective measures of this clause. Trucks shall

also be designed according to the principles of EN ISO 12100:2010 for relevant but not significant

hazards, which are not dealt with by this document.
4.1.2 Specific relation to EN 1459-1 and EN 1459-2
In addition, trucks shall comply with EN
...

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