Fine ceramics (advanced ceramics, advanced technical ceramics) - Ceramic composites - Determination of the degree of misalignment in uniaxial mechanical tests (ISO 17161:2014)

This International Standard describes a procedure
- to verify the degree of misalignment of the load train of the test machines using a reference test specimen uniformly loaded in tension or in compression, and
- to give indications in order to correct defects such as torsion and bending.
This International Standard is not intended to provide a quantitative and acceptable limit before the testing of ceramic matrix composites with a fibre reinforcement: unidirectional (1D), bidirectional (2D), and tridirectional (xD, with 2 < x ≤ 3) loaded along one principal axis of reinforcement. This limit depends on the sensitivity of each type of composite to the misalignment defect.

Hochleistungskeramik - Keramische Verbundwerkstoffe - Bestimmung der Fluchtungsfehler bei mechanischen Prüfungen mit einachsiger Beanspruchung (ISO 17161:2014)

Diese Internationale Norm beschreibt ein Verfahren:
—   zur Verifizierung der Fluchtungsfehler des Krafteinleitungssystems einer Prüfmaschine, indem ein Referenzprobekörper gleichmäßig auf Zug oder Druck beansprucht wird; und
—   um Hinweise zu Fehlern zu liefern, z. B. Torsions- und Biegefehler, um diese zu korrigieren.
Diese Internationale Norm ist nicht vorgesehen, um eine quantitative und zulässige Grenze anzugeben vor der Prüfung von Verbundwerkstoffen mit keramischer Matrix und unidirektionaler (1D), bidirektionaler (2D) sowie mehrdirektionaler (xD, mit 2 < x ≤ 3) Faserverstärkung, die entlang einer der Verstärkungshauptachsen beansprucht werden. Diese Grenze hängt von der Empfindlichkeit des jeweiligen Verbundwerkstoffes gegenüber den Fluchtungsfehlern ab.
ANMERKUNG 1   Diese Grenze wird zwischen Prüfstelle und Auftraggeber vereinbart.
ANMERKUNG 2   Monolithische Keramikwerkstoffe sind gegenüber Fluchtungsfehlern sehr empfindlich, während Verbundwerkstoffe mit keramischer Matrix (en: ceramic matrix composite, CMC) im Allgemeinen eine nur mäßige Empfindlichkeit aufweisen.

Céramiques techniques - Céramiques composites - Détermination du degré de non-alignement lors des essais mécaniques uniaxiaux (ISO 17161:2014)

L'ISO 17161:2014 décrit une procédure pour vérifier le degré de non-alignement du système de mise en charge des machines d'essai au moyen d'une éprouvette de référence soumise à un chargement uniforme de traction ou de compression et pour donner des indications afin de corriger des défauts tels que la torsion et la flexion.
L'ISO 17161:2014 n'est pas conçue pour fournir une limite quantitative acceptable avant les essais sur les composites à matrice céramique avec un renfort de fibres : unidirectionnel (1D), bidirectionnel (2D) et tridirectionnel (xD, avec 2 < x £ 3) le long d'un axe principal de renforcement. Cette limite dépend de la sensibilité de chaque type de composite au défaut d'alignement.

Fina keramika (sodobna keramika, sodobna tehnična keramika) - Keramični kompoziti - Ugotavljanje stopnje neporavnanosti pri enoosnih mehanskih preskusih (ISO 17161:2014)

Ta mednarodni standard opisuje postopek
– za preverjanje stopnje neporavnanosti vozička za nalaganje preskusnih strojev z uporabo referenčnega preskusnega primerka, enotno naloženega v raztezanje ali v stiskanje, in – za podajanje indikacij z namenom odpravljanja pomanjkljivosti, kot sta torzija in zvijanje. Ta mednarodni standard ni namenjen za zagotavljanje količinske in sprejemljive omejitve pred preskušanjem keramičnih matričnih kompozitov z ojačitvijo vlaken: enosmerno (1D), dvosmerno (2D) in trismerno (xD, z 2 < x ≤ 3), naloženih vzdolž ene glavne osi ojačitve. Ta omejitev je odvisna od občutljivosti posamezne vrste kompozita na učinek neporavnanosti.

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
29-Nov-2015
Publication Date
16-May-2016
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
06-May-2016
Due Date
11-Jul-2016
Completion Date
17-May-2016

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Standards Content (sample)

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN ISO 17161:2016
01-junij-2016
1DGRPHãþD
SIST-TS CEN/TS 15867:2009
)LQDNHUDPLND VRGREQDNHUDPLNDVRGREQDWHKQLþQDNHUDPLND .HUDPLþQL
NRPSR]LWL8JRWDYOMDQMHVWRSQMHQHSRUDYQDQRVWLSULHQRRVQLKPHKDQVNLK
SUHVNXVLK ,62

Fine ceramics (advanced ceramics, advanced technical ceramics) - Ceramic composites

- Determination of the degree of misalignment in uniaxial mechanical tests (ISO
17161:2014)
Hochleistungskeramik - Keramische Verbundwerkstoffe - Bestimmung der
Fluchtungsfehler bei mechanischen Prüfungen mit einachsiger Beanspruchung (ISO
17161:2014)
Céramiques techniques - Céramiques composites - Détermination du degré de non-
alignement lors des essais mécaniques uniaxiaux (ISO 17161:2014)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN ISO 17161:2016
ICS:
81.060.30 Sodobna keramika Advanced ceramics
SIST EN ISO 17161:2016 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 17161:2016
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 17161:2016
EN ISO 17161
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
April 2016
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 81.060.30 Supersedes CEN/TS 15867:2009
English Version
Fine ceramics (advanced ceramics, advanced technical
ceramics) - Ceramic composites - Determination of the
degree of misalignment in uniaxial mechanical tests (ISO
17161:2014)

Céramiques techniques - Céramiques composites - Hochleistungskeramik - Keramische

Détermination du degré de non-alignement lors des Verbundwerkstoffe - Bestimmung der

essais mécaniques uniaxiaux (ISO 17161:2014) Fluchtungsfehler bei mechanischen Prüfungen mit

einachsiger Beanspruchung (ISO 17161:2014)
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 25 March 2016.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

© 2016 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN ISO 17161:2016 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 17161:2016
EN ISO 17161:2016 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 17161:2016
EN ISO 17161:2016 (E)
European foreword

The text of ISO 17161:2014 has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 206 “Fine ceramics” of

the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and has been taken over as EN ISO 17161:2016

by Technical Committee CEN/TC 184 “Advanced technical ceramics” the secretariat of which is held by

DIN.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by October 2016, and conflicting national standards shall

be withdrawn at the latest by October 2016

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent

rights.
This document supersedes CEN/TS 15867:2009.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia,

France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta,

Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and the United Kingdom.
Endorsement notice

The text of ISO 17161:2014 has been approved by CEN as EN ISO 17161:2016 without any modification.

---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 17161:2016
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 17161:2016
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 17161
First edition
2014-04-01
Fine ceramics (advanced ceramics,
advanced technical ceramics) —
Ceramic composites — Determination
of the degree of misalignment in
uniaxial mechanical tests
Céramiques techniques — Céramiques composites — Détermination
du degré de non-alignement lors des essais mécaniques uniaxiaux
Reference number
ISO 17161:2014(E)
ISO 2014
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 17161:2016
ISO 17161:2014(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2014

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form

or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting on the internet or an intranet, without prior

written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address below or ISO’s member body in the country of

the requester.
ISO copyright office
Case postale 56 • CH-1211 Geneva 20
Tel. + 41 22 749 01 11
Fax + 41 22 749 09 47
E-mail copyright@iso.org
Web www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2014 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 17161:2016
ISO 17161:2014(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3.2 Type of defects ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 2

4 Principle ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 2

5 Apparatus ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

5.1 Test machine ............................................................................................................................................................................................. 3

5.2 Load train..................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

5.3 Strain gauges ............................................................................................................................................................................................. 4

5.4 Data recording system ...................................................................................................................................................................... 4

5.5 Micrometers .............................................................................................................................................................................................. 4

6 Reference test specimens ............................................................................................................................................................................ 4

7 Reference test specimen preparation ............................................................................................................................................ 6

7.1 Adhesion of strain gauges .............................................................................................................................................................. 6

7.2 Reference test specimen validity ............................................................................................................................................. 6

8 Test procedure ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 6

8.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

8.2 Correction of the torsion defect ............................................................................................................................................... 6

8.3 Correction of the C defect .............................................................................................................................................................. 7

8.4 Correction of the S defect ............................................................................................................................................................... 8

8.5 Final verification before starting a series of measurements on CMCs .................................................... 9

9 Test report ................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 9

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................10

© ISO 2014 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 17161:2016
ISO 17161:2014(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www.iso.org/directives).
Attention is drawn to
...

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
kSIST FprEN ISO 17161:2015
01-november-2015
)LQDNHUDPLND VRGREQDNHUDPLNDVRGREQDWHKQLþQDNHUDPLND .HUDPLþQL
NRPSR]LWL8JRWDYOMDQMHVWRSQMHQHSRUDYQDQRVWLSULHQRRVQLKPHKDQVNLK
SUHVNXVLK ,62

Fine ceramics (advanced ceramics, advanced technical ceramics) - Ceramic composites

- Determination of the degree of misalignment in uniaxial mechanical tests (ISO
17161:2014)
Hochleistungskeramik - Keramische Verbundwerkstoffe - Bestimmung der
Fluchtungsfehler bei mechanischen Prüfungen mit einachsiger Beanspruchung (ISO
17161:2014)
Céramiques techniques - Céramiques composites - Détermination du degré de non-
alignement lors des essais mécaniques uniaxiaux (ISO 17161:2014)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: FprEN ISO 17161
ICS:
81.060.30 Sodobna keramika Advanced ceramics
kSIST FprEN ISO 17161:2015 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
kSIST FprEN ISO 17161:2015
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
kSIST FprEN ISO 17161:2015
FINAL DRAFT
EUROPEAN STANDARD
FprEN ISO 17161
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
September 2015
ICS 81.060.30 Will supersede CEN/TS 15867:2009
English Version
Fine ceramics (advanced ceramics, advanced technical
ceramics) - Ceramic composites - Determination of the
degree of misalignment in uniaxial mechanical tests (ISO
17161:2014)

Céramiques techniques - Céramiques composites - Hochleistungskeramik - Keramische

Détermination du degré de non-alignement lors des Verbundwerkstoffe - Bestimmung der

essais mécaniques uniaxiaux (ISO 17161:2014) Fluchtungsfehler bei mechanischen Prüfungen mit

einachsiger Beanspruchung (ISO 17161:2014)

This draft European Standard is submitted to CEN members for unique acceptance procedure. It has been drawn up by the

Technical Committee CEN/TC 184.

If this draft becomes a European Standard, CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations

which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration.

This draft European Standard was established by CEN in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other

language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC

Management Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.

Recipients of this draft are invited to submit, with their comments, notification of any relevant patent rights of which they are

aware and to provide supporting documentation.

Warning : This document is not a European Standard. It is distributed for review and comments. It is subject to change without

notice and shall not be referred to as a European Standard.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

© 2015 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. FprEN ISO 17161:2015 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
kSIST FprEN ISO 17161:2015
FprEN ISO 17161:2015 (E)
Contents
Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
kSIST FprEN ISO 17161:2015
FprEN ISO 17161:2015 (E)
European foreword

The text of ISO 17161:2014 has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 206 “Fine ceramics” of

the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and has been taken over as FprEN ISO

17161:2015 by Technical Committee CEN/TC 184 “Advanced technical ceramics” the secretariat of

which is held by DIN.
This document is currently submitted to the Unique Acceptance Procedure.
This document will supersede CEN/TS 15867:2009.
Endorsement notice

The text of ISO 17161:2014 has been approved by CEN as FprEN ISO 17161:2015 without any

modification.
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
kSIST FprEN ISO 17161:2015
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
kSIST FprEN ISO 17161:2015
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 17161
First edition
2014-04-01
Fine ceramics (advanced ceramics,
advanced technical ceramics) —
Ceramic composites — Determination
of the degree of misalignment in
uniaxial mechanical tests
Céramiques techniques — Céramiques composites — Détermination
du degré de non-alignement lors des essais mécaniques uniaxiaux
Reference number
ISO 17161:2014(E)
ISO 2014
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
kSIST FprEN ISO 17161:2015
ISO 17161:2014(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2014

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form

or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting on the internet or an intranet, without prior

written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address below or ISO’s member body in the country of

the requester.
ISO copyright office
Case postale 56 • CH-1211 Geneva 20
Tel. + 41 22 749 01 11
Fax + 41 22 749 09 47
E-mail copyright@iso.org
Web www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2014 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
kSIST FprEN ISO 17161:2015
ISO 17161:2014(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3.2 Type of defects ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 2

4 Principle ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 2

5 Apparatus ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

5.1 Test machine ............................................................................................................................................................................................. 3

5.2 Load train..................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

5.3 Strain gauges ............................................................................................................................................................................................. 4

5.4 Data recording system ...................................................................................................................................................................... 4

5.5 Micrometers .............................................................................................................................................................................................. 4

6 Reference test specimens ............................................................................................................................................................................ 4

7 Reference test specimen preparation ............................................................................................................................................ 6

7.1 Adhesion of strain gauges .............................................................................................................................................................. 6

7.2 Reference test specimen validity ............................................................................................................................................. 6

8 Test procedure ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 6

8.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

8.2 Correction of the torsion defect ............................................................................................................................................... 6

8.3 Correction of the C defect .............................................................................................................................................................. 7

8.4 Correction of the S defect ............................................................................................................................................................... 8

8.5 Final verification before starting a series of measurements on CMCs .................................................... 9

9 Test report ................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 9

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................10

© ISO 2014 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
kSIST FprEN ISO 17161:2015
ISO 17161:2014(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www.iso.org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www.iso.org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation on the meaning of ISO specific terms and expressions related to conformity

assessment, as well as information about ISO’s adherence to the WTO principles in the Technical Barriers

to Trade (TBT) see the following URL: Foreword - Supplementary information
The committee responsible for this document is ISO/TC 206, Fine ceramics.
iv © ISO 2014 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
kSIST FprEN ISO 17161:2015
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 17161:2014(E)
Fine ceramics (advanced ceramics, advanced technical
ceramics) — Ceramic composites — Determination of the
degree of misalignment in uniaxial mechanical tests
1 Scope
This International Standard describes a procedure
— to verify the degree of misalignment of the load t
...

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