Alarm systems - Intrusion and hold-up systems - Part 2-8: Intrusion detectors - Shock detectors

This European Standard is for shock detectors installed in buildings to detect the shock or series of shocks due to a forcible attack through a physical barrier (for example doors or windows).
It provides for security Grades 1-4 (see EN 50131-1), specific or non specific wired or wire-free detectors and uses Environmental Classes i-iv (see EN 50130-5).
This European Standard does not include requirements for detectors intended to protect for example vaults and safes from penetration attacks from e.g. drilling, cutting or thermal lance.
This European Standard does not include requirements for shock detectors intended for use outdoors.
A detector shall fulfill all the requirements of the specified grade.
Functions additional to the mandatory functions specified in this Technical Specification may be included in the detector, providing they do not adversely influence the correct operation of the mandatory functions.
This European Standard does not apply to system interconnections.

Alarmanlagen - Einbruchmeldeanlagen - Teil 2-8: Anforderungen an Erschütterungsmelder

Systèmes d'alarme - Systèmes d'alarme contre l’intrusion et les hold-up - Partie 2-8: Détecteurs d’intrusion - Détecteurs de chocs

La présente norme concerne les détecteurs de chocs installés dans les bâtiments afin de détecter le choc ou la succession de chocs résultant d’une attaque violente contre une barrière matérielle (par exemple, les portes ou les fenêtres). Elle spécifie quatre grades de sécurité allant de 1 à 4 (conformément à l’EN 50131-1), des détecteurs filaires ou sans fil spécifiques ou non spécifiques, et elle utilise des classes d’environnement I-IV (conformément à l’EN 50130 5). La présente Norme européenne ne contient pas les exigences pour les détecteurs destinés à détecter les attaques pour accéder aux coffres-forts et aux chambres fortes, par exemple par perçage, découpe ou en utilisant une lance thermique. La présente Norme européenne ne comprend pas les exigences pour les détecteurs de chocs destinés à être utilisés à l’extérieur. Un détecteur doit satisfaire à toutes les exigences du grade spécifié. Des fonctions complémentaires aux fonctions obligatoires spécifiées dans la présente Norme européenne peuvent être incluses dans le détecteur, sous réserve qu’elles n’altèrent pas la bonne marche des fonctions obligatoires. La présente Norme européenne ne traite pas des exigences de conformité avec les directives réglementaires, telles que la directive CEM, la Directive Basse Tension, etc., mais elle spécifie les conditions de fonctionnement du matériel pour les essais de susceptibilité CEM, comme cela est exigé par l’EN 50130-4. La présente Norme européenne ne s’applique pas aux liaisons entre systèmes.

Alarmni sistemi - Sistemi za javljanje vloma in ropa - 2-8. del: Javljalniki vloma - Javljalniki udara

Ta evropski standard se uporablja za javljalnike udara, nameščene v stavbah, za javljanje udara ali niza udarov zaradi nasilnega napada skozi fizično oviro (na primer vrata ali okna).
Določa varnostne razrede 1–4 (glej standard EN 50131-1), specifične ali nespecifične ožičene ali brezžične detektorje in uporablja okoljske razrede I–IV (glej standard EN 50130-5).
Ta evropski standard ne zajema zahtev za detektorje, namenjene za zaščito trezorjev in sefov pred vdori, na primer z vrtanjem, rezanjem ali toplotnim obsevanjem.
Ta evropski standard ne zajema zahtev za javljalnike udara, namenjene za zunanjo uporabo.
Detektor mora izpolnjevati vse zahteve določenega razreda.
Poleg obveznih funkcij, ki so opredeljene v tej tehnični specifikaciji, ima lahko detektor tudi dodatne funkcije, pri čemer te ne smejo neugodno vplivati na pravilno delovanje obveznih funkcij.
Ta evropski standard se ne uporablja za medsebojne povezave sistemov.

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
31-Jul-2016
Publication Date
12-Jan-2017
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
11-Jan-2017
Due Date
18-Mar-2017
Completion Date
13-Jan-2017

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 50131-2-8:2017
01-februar-2017
1DGRPHãþD
SIST-TS CLC/TS 50131-2-8:2012

Alarmni sistemi - Sistemi za javljanje vloma in ropa - 2-8. del: Javljalniki vloma -

Javljalniki udara

Alarm systems - Intrusion and hold-up systems - Part 2-8: Intrusion detectors - Shock

detectors
Alarmanlagen - Einbruchmeldeanlagen - Teil 2-8: Anforderungen an
Erschütterungsmelder

Systèmes d'alarme - Systèmes d'alarme contre l’intrusion et les hold-up - Partie 2-8:

Détecteurs d’intrusion - Détecteurs de chocs
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 50131-2-8:2016
ICS:
13.310 Varstvo pred kriminalom Protection against crime
13.320 Alarmni in opozorilni sistemi Alarm and warning systems
SIST EN 50131-2-8:2017 en,fr

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN 50131-2-8:2017
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SIST EN 50131-2-8:2017
EUROPEAN STANDARD EN 50131-2-8
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
December 2016
ICS 13.320 Supersedes CLC/TS 50131-2-8:2012
English Version
Alarm systems - Intrusion and hold-up systems - Part 2-8:
Intrusion detectors - Shock detectors

Systèmes d'alarme - Systèmes d'alarme contre l'intrusion et Alarmanlagen - Einbruchmeldeanlagen - Teil 2-8:

les hold-up - Partie 2-8: Détecteurs d'intrusion - Détecteurs Anforderungen an Erschütterungsmelder

de chocs

This European Standard was approved by CENELEC on 2016-10-03. CENELEC members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC

Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration.

Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC

Management Centre or to any CENELEC member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation

under the responsibility of a CENELEC member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the

same status as the official versions.

CENELEC members are the national electrotechnical committees of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, the Czech Republic,

Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia,

Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and the United Kingdom.
European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization
Comité Européen de Normalisation Electrotechnique
Europäisches Komitee für Elektrotechnische Normung
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

© 2016 CENELEC All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CENELEC Members.

Ref. No. EN 50131-2-8:2016 E
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SIST EN 50131-2-8:2017
EN 50131-2-8:2016 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ............................................................................................................................................ 6

Introduction ........................................................................................................................................................ 7

1 Scope ...................................................................................................................................................... 8

2 Normative references ............................................................................................................................ 8

3 Terms, definitions and abbreviations .................................................................................................. 8

3.1 Terms and definitions ........................................................................................................................... 8

3.2 Abbreviations ......................................................................................................................................... 9

4 Functional requirements ....................................................................................................................... 9

4.1 General .................................................................................................................................................... 9

4.2 Event Processing ................................................................................................................................. 10

4.3 Detection ............................................................................................................................................... 11

4.3.1 Detection performance .................................................................................................................... 11

4.3.2 Indication of detection .................................................................................................................... 12

4.4 Immunity to false alarm sources ........................................................................................................ 12

4.4.1 General .............................................................................................................................................. 12

4.4.2 Immunity to Small objects hitting a framed window .................................................................... 12

4.4.3 Immunity to Hard objects hitting a framed window ..................................................................... 13

4.4.4 Immunity to Static pressure ........................................................................................................... 13

4.4.5 Immunity to Dynamic pressure ...................................................................................................... 13

4.4.6 Standard Immunity Test .................................................................................................................. 13

4.5 Operational requirements ................................................................................................................... 13

4.5.1 Time interval between intrusion signals or messages ................................................................ 13

4.5.2 Switch on delay ................................................................................................................................ 13

4.5.3 Self-tests ........................................................................................................................................... 13

4.6 Tamper security ................................................................................................................................... 14

4.6.1 General .............................................................................................................................................. 14

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EN 50131-2-8:2016 (E)
Resistance to and detection of unauthorised access to components and means of
4.6.2

adjustment ........................................................................................................................................................ 14

4.6.3 Detection of removal from the mounting surface ......................................................................... 14

4.6.4 Resistance to magnetic field interference ..................................................................................... 15

4.6.5 Detection of masking ....................................................................................................................... 15

4.7 Electrical requirements ........................................................................................................................ 15

4.7.1 General .............................................................................................................................................. 15

4.7.2 Shock detectors current consumption .......................................................................................... 16

4.7.3 Slow input voltage change and voltage range limits .................................................................... 16

4.7.4 Input voltage ripple .......................................................................................................................... 16

4.7.5 Input voltage step change ............................................................................................................... 16

4.8 Environmental classification and conditions .................................................................................... 16

4.8.1 Environmental classification ........................................................................................................... 16

4.8.2 Immunity to environmental conditions .......................................................................................... 16

5 Marking, identification and documentation ....................................................................................... 16

5.1 Marking and/or identification .............................................................................................................. 16

5.2 Documentation ..................................................................................................................................... 16

6 Testing ................................................................................................................................................... 17

6.1 General .................................................................................................................................................. 17

6.2 General test conditions ........................................................................................................................ 17

6.2.1 Standard conditions for testing ...................................................................................................... 17

6.2.2 General detection testing environment and procedures ............................................................. 17

6.3 Basic Detection Test ............................................................................................................................ 18

6.3.1 General .............................................................................................................................................. 18

6.3.2 Basic Detection Test Method .......................................................................................................... 18

6.4 Performance tests ................................................................................................................................ 18

6.4.1 General .............................................................................................................................................. 18

6.4.2 Verification of detection performance ............................................................................................ 18

6.5 Switch-on delay, time interval between signals and indication of detection ................................. 20

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EN 50131-2-8:2016 (E)

Self-tests ............................................................................................................................................... 20

6.6

6.7 Immunity to incorrect operation ......................................................................................................... 20

6.7.1 General .............................................................................................................................................. 20

6.7.2 Immunity to Small objects hitting the glass ................................................................................. 21

6.7.3 Immunity to Hard objects hitting a framed window ..................................................................... 21

6.7.4 Immunity to Static pressure ........................................................................................................... 22

6.7.5 Immunity to Dynamic pressure ...................................................................................................... 22

6.7.6 Standard Immunity Test .................................................................................................................. 23

6.8 Tamper security ................................................................................................................................... 23

6.8.1 General .............................................................................................................................................. 23

6.8.2 Resistance to and detection of unauthorised access to the inside of the shock detector

through covers and existing holes ................................................................................................................ 23

6.8.3 Detection of removal from the mounting surface ........................................................................ 23

6.8.4 Resistance to magnetic field interference .................................................................................... 23

6.8.5 Detection of shock detector masking ............................................................................................ 24

6.9 Electrical tests ...................................................................................................................................... 24

6.9.1 General .............................................................................................................................................. 24

6.9.2 Shock detector current consumption ............................................................................................ 24

6.9.3 Slow input voltage change and input voltage range limits ......................................................... 25

6.9.4 Input voltage ripple .......................................................................................................................... 25

6.9.5 Input voltage step change .............................................................................................................. 25

6.9.6 Total loss of power supply ............................................................................................................. 26

6.10 Environmental classification and conditions ................................................................................... 26

6.11 Marking, identification and documentation ...................................................................................... 27

6.11.1 Marking and/or identification .......................................................................................................... 27

6.11.2 Documentation ................................................................................................................................. 27

Annex A (normative) Standard test material ................................................................................................ 28

A.1 Framed glass window ......................................................................................................................... 28

A.2 Wooden plate ....................................................................................................................................... 28

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EN 50131-2-8:2016 (E)

Concrete plate ....................................................................................................................................... 28

A.3

Annex B (normative) Dimensions and requirements of the standardized interference test magnets ... 29

B.1 Normative references ........................................................................................................................... 29

B.2 Requirements ........................................................................................................................................ 29

Annex C (normative) General Testing Matrix ............................................................................................... 32

Annex D (normative) Spring operated Hammer ........................................................................................... 34

Annex E (informative) Example list of small tools ....................................................................................... 35

Annex F (normative) Minimum performance requirements gross and shock integration attack tests.. 36

Annex G (normative) Immunity test: Small objects hit sensitivity ............................................................. 37

Annex H (normative) Immunity test: Hard objects hit sensitivity .............................................................. 38

Annex I (normative) Immunity test: Static pressure sensitivity ................................................................. 39

Annex J (normative) Immunity test: Dynamic pressure sensitivity ........................................................... 40

Bibliography ...................................................................................................................................................... 41

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SIST EN 50131-2-8:2017
EN 50131-2-8:2016 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN 50131-2-8:2016) has been prepared by Technical Committee CLC/TC 79 “Alarm

systems”, the secretariat of which is held by BSI.
The following dates are fixed:
latest date by which this document has to be (dop) 2017-10-03
implemented at national level by publication of
an identical national standard or by
endorsement
latest date by which the national standards (dow) 2019-10-03
conflicting with this document have to be
withdrawn
This document supersedes CLC/TS 50131-2-8:2012.

EN 50131-2-8:2016 includes the following significant technical changes with respect to CLC/TS 50131-2-

8:2012:
— Changed state from Technical Specification into European Standard;

— Clarified wording wherever necessary to avoid misunderstanding and to optimize for reading;

— Refined the definition of "shock";

— Refined immunity requirements in 4.4.2, 4.4.3, 4.4.4, 4.4.5 and 4.4.6 and their corresponding test sub-

clauses (6.7.2, etc.);

— Refined the detection of masking requirements in 4.6.5 and the corresponding test sub-clause 6.8.5;

— Refined the electrical requirements in 4.7 and subsequent sub-clauses and updated the corresponding

test sub-clauses (6.9, etc.);

— Rephrased the Basic Detection Test Method in 6.3.2 and the Verification of detection performance in

6.4.2 and subsequent sub-clauses.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. CENELEC [and/or CEN] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

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SIST EN 50131-2-8:2017
EN 50131-2-8:2016 (E)
Introduction

This document is a European Standard for shock detectors used as part of intrusion alarm systems installed in

buildings. It includes four security grades and four environmental classes.

The purpose of a shock detector is to detect the shock or series of shocks due to a forcible attack through a

physical barrier (for example doors or windows).

The shock detector has to provide the necessary range of signals or messages to be used by the rest of the

intrusion and hold-up alarm system.

The number and scope of these signals or messages will be more comprehensive for systems that are

specified at the higher Grades.

This European Standard is only concerned with the requirements and tests for the shock detectors. Other

types of detectors are covered by other documents identified as in the EN 50131-2 series.

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SIST EN 50131-2-8:2017
EN 50131-2-8:2016 (E)
1 Scope

This European Standard is for Shock Detectors installed in buildings to detect the shock or series of shocks

due to a forcible attack through a physical barrier (for example doors or windows).

It specifies four security Grades 1-4 (in accordance with EN 50131-1), specific or non-specific wired or wire-

free detectors and uses environmental Classes I-IV (in accordance with EN 50130-5).

This European Standard does not include requirements for detectors intended to detect penetration attacks on

safes and vaults for example by drilling, cutting or thermal lance.

This European Standard does not include requirements for shock detectors intended for use outdoors.

A detector needs to fulfil all the requirements of the specified grade.

Functions additional to the mandatory functions specified in this European Standard may be included in the

detector, providing they do not adversely influence the correct operation of the mandatory functions.

This European Standard does not deal with requirements for compliance with regulatory directives, such as

EMC-directive, low-voltage directive, etc., except that it specifies the equipment operating conditions for EMC-

susceptibility testing as required by EN 50130-4.
This European Standard does not apply to system interconnections.
2 Normative references

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are

indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references,

the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

EN 50130-4, Alarm systems — Part 4: Electromagnetic compatibility — Product family standard: Immunity

requirements for components of fire, intruder, hold up, CCTV, access control and social alarm systems

EN 50130-5, Alarm systems — Part 5: Environmental test methods

EN 50131-1, Alarm systems — Intrusion and hold-up systems — Part 1: System requirements

EN 50131-6, Alarm systems — Intrusion and hold-up systems — Part 6: Power supplies

EN 60068-2-75:2014, Environmental testing — Part 2-75: Tests — Test Eh: Hammer tests (IEC 60068-2-

75:2014)
3 Terms, definitions and abbreviations

For the purposes of this document, the terms, definitions and abbreviations given in EN 50131-1 and the

following apply.
3.1 Terms and definitions
3.1.1
shock

sudden transient acceleration e.g. caused by a mechanical impact as a result of a forcible attack through a

physical barrier
3.1.2
incorrect operation

physical condition that causes an inappropriate signal or message from a shock detector

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EN 50131-2-8:2016 (E)
3.1.3
masking

interference with the shock detector input capability, which prohibits the triggering of the shock detector (e.g.

disabling the detector with an external magnet)
3.1.4
shock test

operational test, during which a shock detector is activated by using the standard triggering method in a

controlled environment
3.1.5
shock detector

combination of one or more shock sensor(s) and an analyser, which provides signalling or messaging to the

Intruder & Hold Up alarm system
3.1.6
shock sensor

element which detects the mechanical energy caused by sudden transient acceleration and which produces a

signal for further analysis
3.1.7
analyser

physical unit or processing capabilities used to process the signal(s) produced by one or more shock

sensor(s) and provides a signal or message to the intruder & Hold Up alarm system

3.1.8
mass inertia

physical underlying principle which is used for sensing a shock e.g. a weighted or piezo transducer sensor

3.1.9
gross attack

large single shock due to an impact on the supervised material, e.g. impact generated by a sledge hammer on

a concrete surface
3.1.10
low shock integration attack

series of low level shocks, due to a number of impacts on the supervised material integrating over a certain

time, e.g. impacts generated by chiselling on a concrete surface
3.1.11
standard immunity window

framed window, which is used for all immunity tests, where a framed window is required, according to A.1

3.2 Abbreviations
CIE Control & Indicating Equipment
EMC Electro Magnetic Compatibility
4 Functional requirements
4.1 General

A shock detector consists of one or more shock sensor and an analyser, which may either be in the same

housing, or in separate housings. Furthermore the analyser can be integrated into another component of the

Intruder & Hold Up alarm system (for example the CIE).
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SIST EN 50131-2-8:2017
EN 50131-2-8:2016 (E)
4.2 Event Processing
Shock detectors shall process the events in accordance with Table 1.
Table 1 — Events to be processed by Grade
Event Grade
1 2 3 4
Intrusion M M M M
Tamper Detection Op M M M
Masking Detection
Magnetic Masking Op Op M M
Detection of penetration of sensor housing Op Op Op M
Removal from the mounting surface Op Op M M
Low Supply Voltage – wire free devices M M M M
Low Supply Voltage – wired devices Op Op Op M
Total Loss of Power Supply Op M M M
Local self-test Op Op Op M
Remote self-test Op Op Op M
Key M = Mandatory, Op = Optional
Mandatory for wire-free at grades 2, 3 and 4; mandatory for all surface mounted

grade 3 and 4 types, optional for wired surface mounted grades 1 and 2. Not required

for wired, sealed / potted and flush mounted types grade 3.

Mandatory for wire-free at all grades. Only required if power is for normal local

operation, e.g. purely switch based solutions do not fall under this requirement;

however if signal processing (except if it is the CIE itself) is required to process the

output of the sensor, such an event shall be generated. No generation of a message or

signal is required when the condition is detected by the CIE due to system design, e.g.

bus based systems.

Only required if signal processing is used to generate any signal or message, e.g.

purely mechanical based solutions do not fall under this requirement. No generation of

a message or signal is required when the condition is detected by the CIE due to
system design, e.g. bus based systems.
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EN 50131-2-8:2016 (E)
Shock detectors shall generate signals or messages in accordance with Table 2.
Table 2 — Generation of Signals or Messages
Event Signals or Messages
Intrusion Tamper Fault
No Event NP NP NP
Intrusion M NP NP
Tamper NP M NP
Masking* M Op M
Removal from the mounting surface NP M NP
Low Supply Voltage Op Op M
Total Loss of Power Supply** M Op Op
Local self-Test Pass NP NP NP
Local self-Test Fail NP NP M
Remote self-test Pass M NP NP
Remote self-test Fail NP NP M
M = Mandatory
NP = Not Permitted
Op = Optional
* An independent signal or message may be provided instead.
NOTE 1 This permits two methods of signalling a masking event: either by the

intrusion signal and fault signal, or by a dedicated masking signal or message. Use of the

intrusion signal and fault signal is preferable, as this requires fewer connections between

CIE and shock detector. If multiple events overlap there will be some signal combinations

that may be ambiguous. To overcome this ambiguity it is suggested that shock detectors

should not signal ‘intrusion‘ and ‘fault‘ at the same time except to indicate masking. This

implies that the shock detector should prioritise signals, e.g. 1 Intrusion, 2 Fault, 3 Masking.

** Alternatively Total loss of Power Supply shall be determined by loss of communication

with the shock detector.
NOTE 2 When, in Table 1, an event may optionally generate signals or messages,
they shall be as shown in this table.
NOTE 3 It is accepted that a bus system may send out dedicated signals or

messages and does not necessarily have to follow the mapping of Table 2, provided that all

of the required events are signalled.
4.3 Detection
4.3.1 Detection performance
4.3.1.1 General

The shock detector shall be designed to distinguish between environmental shocks and shocks resulting from

a physical attack which may be intended to penetrate the structure. The means for achieving this may be

adjustable to suit varying circumstances.

The operating parameters of the shock detector shall be verified as specified by the manufacturer.

The manufacturer shall clearly state in the product documentation, any special limitation concerning

installation e.g. area of coverage etc.
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EN 50131-2-8:2016 (E)

The shock detector shall generate an intrusion signal or message when a simulated structure penetration is

performed at all grades.
4.3.1.2 Verification of gross attack detection performance

This test verifies the detection performance for sensitivity and area of coverage, according to the claims made

by the manufacturer for detection of a gross attack.

The shock detector shall meet the minimum performance requirements for gross attack detection according to

Table F.1.

The manufacturer may specify other performance requirements, which shall be verified by testing against the

performance specifications provided by the manufacturer.

The manufacturer shall specify the lowest and the highest detection level of the coverage area on a specified

material for an impact defined at a certain energy level according to Table F.1. Each of the specified lowest

and highest detection levels shall
...

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