Protective clothing for users of hand-held chainsaws - Part 4: Performance requirements and test methods for protective gloves (ISO 11393-4:2018)

This part of ISO 11393 specifies the requirements and test methods for gloves that are intended to provide protection against cuts by a hand-held chain-saw, including requirements for identification, marking and information for the user. The method for measurement of protective coverage, the apparatus and the test method for assessing resistance to cutting, and the ergonomic assessment are specified. An informative
annex on risk analysis, glove ergonomics and glove selection is provided.

Schutzkleidung für Benutzer von handgeführten Kettensägen - Teil 4: Prüfverfahren und Leistungsanforderungen für Schutzhandschuhe (ISO 11393-4:2018)

Dieser Teil von ISO 11393 legt die Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren für Handschuhe zum Schutz gegen Schnitte durch handgeführte Kettensägen fest, einschließlich Anforderungen zu Identifikation, Kennzeich-nung und Informationen für die Anwender.
Weiterhin festgelegt werden das Messverfahren zur Ermittlung der Schutzbedeckung, die Prüfeinrichtung und das Prüfverfahren zur Ermittlung des Schnittwiderstands sowie die ergonomische Bewertung.
In einem informativen Anhang befinden sich Angaben zur Risikoanalyse, Ergonomie von Handschuhen und Auswahl von Handschuhen.

Vêtements de protection pour utilisateurs de scies à chaîne tenues à la main - Partie 4: Exigences de performance et méthodes d'essai pour les gants de protection (ISO 11393-4:2018)

Le présent document spécifie les exigences de performance, les méthodes d'essai, les exigences de conception, l'identification et les informations de marquage relatives aux gants qui offrent une protection contre les coupures dues aux scies à chaîne tenues à la main.
L'Annexe A donne des lignes directrices pour l'utilisation de la scie à chaîne et le choix des gants.

Varovalna obleka za uporabnike ročnih verižnih žag - 4. del: Zahtevane lastnosti in preskusne metode za zaščitne rokavice (ISO 11393-4:2018)

Ta del standarda ISO 11393 določa zahteve in preskusne metode za rokavice, ki so predvidene za zaščito pred urezom z ročno verižno žago, vključno z zahtevami za opredelitev, označevanje in informiranje uporabnika. Določa tudi metodo za določanje mer zaščitnega prekrivala, aparat in preskusno metodo za vrednotenje odpornosti proti urezu ter ergonomsko oceno. Podan je informativni dodatek o analizi tveganja ter ergonomiji in izbiri rokavic.

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
19-Feb-2017
Publication Date
06-Nov-2019
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
16-Oct-2019
Due Date
21-Dec-2019
Completion Date
07-Nov-2019

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN ISO 11393-4:2019
01-december-2019
Nadomešča:
SIST EN 381-4:2000
SIST EN 381-7:2000

Varovalna obleka za uporabnike ročnih verižnih žag - 4. del: Zahtevane lastnosti in

preskusne metode za zaščitne rokavice (ISO 11393-4:2018)

Protective clothing for users of hand-held chainsaws - Part 4: Performance requirements

and test methods for protective gloves (ISO 11393-4:2018)

Schutzkleidung für Benutzer von handgeführten Kettensägen - Teil 4: Prüfverfahren und

Leistungsanforderungen für Schutzhandschuhe (ISO 11393-4:2018)

Vêtements de protection pour utilisateurs de scies à chaîne tenues à la main - Partie 4:

Exigences de performance et méthodes d'essai pour les gants de protection (ISO 11393

-4:2018)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN ISO 11393-4:2019
ICS:
13.340.40 Varovanje dlani in rok Hand and arm protection
SIST EN ISO 11393-4:2019 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN ISO 11393-4:2019
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SIST EN ISO 11393-4:2019
EN ISO 11393-4
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
September 2019
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 13.340.40 Supersedes EN 381-4:1999, EN 381-7:1999
English Version
Protective clothing for users of hand-held chainsaws - Part
4: Performance requirements and test methods for
protective gloves (ISO 11393-4:2018)

Vêtements de protection pour utilisateurs de scies à Schutzkleidung für Benutzer von handgeführten

chaîne tenues à la main - Partie 4: Exigences de Kettensägen - Teil 4: Prüfverfahren und

performance et méthodes d'essai pour les gants de Leistungsanforderungen für Schutzhandschuhe (ISO

protection (ISO 11393-4:2018) 11393-4:2018)
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 24 April 2019.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2019 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN ISO 11393-4:2019 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN ISO 11393-4:2019
EN ISO 11393-4:2019 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

Annex ZA (informative) Relationship between this European Standard and the essential

requirements of Regulation (EU) 2016/425 of the European Parliament and of the

Council of 9 March 2016 on personal protective equipment aimed to be covered................. 4

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SIST EN ISO 11393-4:2019
EN ISO 11393-4:2019 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN ISO 11393-4:2019) has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 94

"Personal safety -- Personal protective equipment" in collaboration with Technical Committee CEN/TC

162 “Protective clothing including hand and arm protection and lifejackets” the secretariat of which is

held by DIN.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by March 2020, and conflicting national standards shall

be withdrawn at the latest by March 2020.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes EN 381-4:1999 and EN 381-7:1999.

This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the

European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive(s).

For the relationship with EU Directive(s) see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this

document.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland,

Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of

North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the

United Kingdom.
Endorsement notice

The text of ISO 11393-4:2018 has been approved by CEN as EN ISO 11393-4:2019 without any

modification.
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SIST EN ISO 11393-4:2019
EN ISO 11393-4:2019 (E)
Annex ZA
(informative)
Relationship between this European Standard and the essential
requirements of Regulation (EU) 2016/425 of the European Parliament and
of the Council of 9 March 2016 on personal protective equipment aimed to
be covered

This European Standard has been prepared under a Commission’s standardization request to provide

one voluntary means of conforming to essential requirements of Regulation (EU) 2016/425 of the

European Parliament and of the Council of 9 March 2016 on personal protective equipment.

Once this standard is cited in the Official Journal of the European Union under that Regulation (EU)

2016/425, compliance with the normative clauses of this standard given in Table ZA.1 confers, within

the limits of the scope of this standard, a presumption of conformity with the corresponding essential

requirements of that Regulation (EU) 2016/425 and associated EFTA regulations.

Table ZA.1 — Correspondence between this European Standard and Regulation (EU) 2016/425

Essential Requirements of Clause(s)/sub-clause(s) of
Remarks/Notes
Regulation (EU) 2016/425 this EN
1.1.1. Ergonomics 5.4
1.1.2.1. Optimum level of
5.4
protection
1.1.2.2. Classes of protection
appropriate to different levels of 5.3.1
risk
1.2.1. Absence of inherent risks
4.2.2, 4.3.2; 4.4
and other nuisance factors
1.2.1.1. Suitable constituent
Table 3
materials
1.2.1.2. Satisfactory surface
condition of all PPE parts in 5.4
contact with the user
1.2.1.3. Maximum permissible user
5.4 Table 3
impediment
1.3.1. Adaptation of PPE to user
Table 3
morphology
1.4. Manufacturer’s instructions
11, 13
and information
2.2. PPE enclosing the parts of the
Table 3
body to be protected
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SIST EN ISO 11393-4:2019
EN ISO 11393-4:2019 (E)
2.4. PPE subject to ageing 13 h)
2.12. PPE bearing one or more
identification markings or
indicators directly or indirectly
relating to health and safety
3.3. Protection against mechanical
5.2; 5.3.2
injuries

WARNING 1 — Presumption of conformity stays valid only as long as a reference to this European

Standard is maintained in the list published in the Official Journal of the European Union. Users of this

standard should consult frequently the latest list published in the Official Journal of the European

Union.

WARNING 2— Other Union legislation may be applicable to the product(s) falling within the scope of

this standard.
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SIST EN ISO 11393-4:2019
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SIST EN ISO 11393-4:2019
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 11393-4
Second edition
2018-09
Protective clothing for users of hand-
held chainsaws —
Part 4:
Performance requirements and test
methods for protective gloves
Vêtements de protection pour utilisateurs de scies à chaîne tenues à
la main —
Partie 4: Exigences de performance et méthodes d'essai pour les gants
de protection
Reference number
ISO 11393-4:2018(E)
ISO 2018
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SIST EN ISO 11393-4:2019
ISO 11393-4:2018(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2018

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Fax: +41 22 749 09 47
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2018 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 11393-4:2019
ISO 11393-4:2018(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Designs and types ................................................................................................................................................................................................ 2

4.1 Designs and types of gloves ......................................................................................................................................................... 2

4.2 Design A ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 3

4.2.1 Description .................. .................................................... ...................................................................................................... 3

4.2.2 Specified protective area, left- and right-hand gloves ..................................................................... 3

4.3 Design B ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 5

4.3.1 Description .................. .................................................... ...................................................................................................... 5

4.3.2 Specified protective area, left- and right-hand gloves or mitts ................................................ 5

4.4 Attachment of protective material ......................................................................................................................................... 6

5 Performance requirements ....................................................................................................................................................................... 6

5.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

5.2 Protection against general mechanical risks ................................................................................................................ 6

5.3 Protection against chainsaw cutting .................................................................................................................................... 7

5.3.1 Classification according to chain speed ....................................................................................................... 7

5.3.2 Requirements for cut resistance ........................................................................................................................ 7

5.4 Ergonomic requirements ............................................................................................................................................................... 7

6 Test specimens........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 7

7 Assessment of protective coverage .................................................................................................................................................... 8

8 Testing resistance to cutting by chainsaw .................................................................................................................................. 8

8.1 Test rig ............................................................................................................................................................................................................ 8

8.2 Chainsaw–protective glove mounting device ............................................................................................................... 8

8.2.1 Left and right artificial hands ............................................................................................................................... 8

8.2.2 Base ............................................................................................................................................................................................. 9

8.3 Test procedure for chainsaw cut tests ................................................................................................................................ 9

8.3.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................... 9

8.3.2 Cleaning ................................................................................................................................................................................10

8.3.3 Mounting of glove on artificial hand ............................................................................................................10

8.3.4 Cutting ....................................................................................................................................................................................10

9 Ergonomic assessment and hand dexterity...........................................................................................................................14

9.1 General requirements ....................................................................................................................................................................14

9.2 Hand grip test ........................................................................................................................................................................................14

9.2.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................14

9.2.2 Apparatus ............................................................................................................................................................................14

9.2.3 Test procedure ................................................................................................................................................................14

10 Test report ................................................................................................................................................................................................................15

11 Marking .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................15

12 Pictogram ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................16

13 Information to be supplied by the manufacturer ............................................................................................................16

Annex A (informative) Chainsaw use and the selection of appropriate gloves .....................................................18

© ISO 2018 – All rights reserved iii
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SIST EN ISO 11393-4:2019
ISO 11393-4:2018(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation on the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO’s adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) see the following

URL: www .iso .org/iso/foreword .html.

This document was prepared by the European Committee for Standardization (CEN) Technical

Committee CEN/TC 162, Protective clothing including hand and arm protection and lifejackets, in

collaboration with ISO Technical Committee TC 94, Personal safety — Personal protective equipment,

Subcommittee SC 13, Protective clothing, in accordance with the agreement on technical cooperation

between ISO and CEN (Vienna Agreement).

This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition (ISO 11393-4:2003), which has been

technically revised. The main changes compared to the previous edition are as follows:

— in the Introduction, the term “hand-held chainsaws primarily constructed for cutting wood” has

been added;
— the normative references have been updated;
— the terms and definitions 3.11, 3.12 and 3.13 have been added;
— in Clause 4, two types have been defined and 4.4 has been added;
— in 5.1, Table 3 has been revised;
— the original Clause 7 has been deleted and a new Clause 7 has been specified;
— in Clause 8, 8.2.2 has been added and 8.3 has been revised;
— in 9.2, a test procedure has been added;
— in 5.4 and Clauses 6, 8, 10, 11 and 12 the definitions have been specified;
— A.4 has been added.
A list of all parts in the ISO 11393 series can be found on the ISO website.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/members .html.
iv © ISO 2018 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 11393-4:2019
ISO 11393-4:2018(E)
Introduction

This document forms part of a series concerned with personal protective equipment (PPE) designed

to protect against the risks arising from the use of hand-held chainsaws primarily constructed for

cutting wood.

In some areas of work with chainsaws, one third of injuries occur to the hands. However, with different

working practices few hand injuries occur. Accidents occur due to a number of complex reasons, but a

common factor is incorrect use of the chainsaw. The importance of correct training and proper use of a

chainsaw in preventing accidents cannot be underestimated.

In some countries, chainsaw users adopt working practices that, together with training, make the use

of chainsaw protective gloves unnecessary. These usually include the instruction to hold the chainsaw

with both hands and to use the chain brake if it becomes necessary to stop cutting and clear away

branches, etc.

All parts of the hand (palm, back and fingers) have been shown to be at risk when using a chainsaw.

It is generally accepted for ergonomic and health and safety reasons that protecting the palm and

the underside of the fingers is not practicable. Neither is it possible to adequately protect the back

of the fingers unless a mitt is used. In this document, specifications for the protective coverage and

performance of the back of the right-hand glove and the left-hand glove are given.

For certain operations, such as tree surgery from lifts or platforms, chainsaw operators may be assisted

by other workers who also require protection from the chainsaw, particularly for their hands. The

gloves specified in this document are suitable for these workers too.

Further information is provided in Annex A on risk analysis, glove ergonomics and selection.

No PPE can ensure a 100 % protection against cutting from a hand-held chainsaw. Nevertheless,

experience has shown that it is possible to design PPE that offers a certain degree of protection. As

far as is known, all chainsaws are designed for right-handed use and, therefore, all protective clothing

designs and requirements have assumed right-handed use. Protection may not be adequate for left-

handed use.

Different functional principles may be applied in order to give protection. These include:

a) chain slipping: on contact the chain does not cut the material;

b) clogging: fibres are drawn by the chain into the drive sprocket and block chain movement;

c) chain braking: fibres have a high resistance to cutting and absorb rotational energy, thereby

reducing the chain speed.

Often more than one principle is applied in chainsaw protective clothing. It should be noted, however,

that none has yet been shown to be fully effective in gloves.
© ISO 2018 – All rights reserved v
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SIST EN ISO 11393-4:2019
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SIST EN ISO 11393-4:2019
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 11393-4:2018(E)
Protective clothing for users of hand-held chainsaws —
Part 4:
Performance requirements and test methods for
protective gloves
1 Scope

This document specifies the performance requirements, test methods, design requirements,

identification and marking information for gloves that offer protection against cutting by hand-held

chainsaws.
Guidance on chainsaw use and the selection of gloves is given in Annex A.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 7000, Graphical symbols for use on equipment — Registered symbols

ISO 11393-1:2018, Protective clothing for users of hand-held chainsaws — Part 1: Test rig driven by a

flywheel for testing resistance to cutting by a chainsaw
EN 388:2016, Protective gloves against mechanical risks
EN 420:2009, General requirements for gloves
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https: //www .iso .org/obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at http: //www .electropedia .org/
3.1
back of the hand
posterior surface of the hand between the wrist and the fingers
3.2
chainsaw protective glove

product that protects the back of the hand (3.1) against cutting by a hand-held chainsaw

3.3
crotch
deepest point between two fingers
3.4
cuff
portion of a glove that covers the wrist
© ISO 2018 – All rights reserved 1
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SIST EN ISO 11393-4:2019
ISO 11393-4:2018(E)
3.5
cut-through

any visible change on the underside of the innermost layer of the test sample caused by the saw chain

3.6
digit

anatomical designation for fingers and thumb, where digit 1 is the thumb, digit 2 is the index finger,

digit 3 is the middle finger, digit 4 is the ring finger and digit 5 is the little finger

3.7
five-finger glove

glove covering both the back and palm of the hand and wrist, and having separate individual coverings

for all digits (3.6)
3.8
line of longest length of the glove

perpendicular line joining the seam of the cuff (3.4) across the back of the glove (or equivalent position

if no seam is present) with the tip of digit 3 (or equivalent position in a mitt (3.9) or one-finger mitt)

3.9
mitt

glove covering both the back and the palm of the hand and wrist, and having a separate covering of

digit 1 and a common covering for the other four digits (3.6)
3.10
protective coverage
area of the glove that is covered by protective material (3.11)
3.11
protective material

material that is designed to protect the wearer against the cutting effect of a hand-held chainsaw

Note 1 to entry: The protective material may include the outer fabric of the glove.

3.12
specified protective area
required protective coverage (3.10)
3.13
three-finger mitt

glove covering both the back and palm of the hand and wrist, and having a separate covering for digit 1,

a separate covering for digit 2 and a common covering for the remaining digits (3.6)

4 Designs and types
4.1 Designs and types of gloves

Two different types of gloves are specified by this document. Type 1 gloves include cut protection

against cutting by hand-held chainsaws in both right- and left-hand gloves. Type 2 gloves include

protection against cutting by hand-held chainsaws in the left-hand glove only; the right-hand glove

doesn’t include protection against hand-held chainsaws.

Within those types, two designs of chainsaw protective gloves are considered: design A and design B.

Design A and design B have different specified protective areas as defined in 4.2 and 4.3, respectively.

2 © ISO 2018 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 11393-4:2019
ISO 11393-4:2018(E)
4.2 Design A
4.2.1 Description

Design A describes five-finger gloves with chainsaw protection at the metacarpus, but without chainsaw

protection in the fingers and thumb.
4.2.2 Specified protective area, left- and right-hand gloves
The specified protective area is shown in Figure 1.

Figure 1 shows a left-hand glove. The specified protective area for a right-hand glove is the mirror

image to Figure 1. The design A protected area shall cover the entire width of the back of the hand,

including both the knuckles and the wrist. Table 1 contains minimum values for dimensions l and l ,

1 2
and the maximum value for dimension l .

The dimensions shall be measured according to Clause 7, after the glove has been cleaned according to

the manufacturer’s instructions.
© ISO 2018 – All rights reserved 3
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SIST EN ISO 11393-4:2019
ISO 11393-4:2018(E)
Key
1 to 5 numbers of the digits
6 line of longest length
7 midpoint of the
...

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