Acoustics - Audiometric test methods - Part 3: Speech audiometry (ISO 8253-3:2022)

This document specifies basic methods for speech recognition tests for audiological applications.
NOTE       Examples of speech materials are given in Annex A.
In order to ensure minimum requirements of precision and comparability between different test procedures including speech recognition tests in different languages, this document specifies requirements for the composition, validation and evaluation of speech test materials, and the realization of speech recognition tests. This document does not specify the contents of the speech material because of the variety of languages.
Furthermore, this document also specifies the determination of reference values and requirements for the realization and manner of presentation. In addition, there are features of speech tests described which are important to be specified, but which are not understood as a requirement.
This document specifies procedures and requirements for speech audiometry with the recorded test material being presented by an audiometer through a transducer, e.g., an earphone, bone vibrator, or loudspeaker arrangement for sound field audiometry. Methods for using noise either for masking the non-test ear or as a competing sound are described.
Some test subjects, for example children, can require modified test procedures not specified in this document.
Specialized tests, such as those used for evaluating directional hearing and dichotic hearing, are outside the scope of this document.

Akustik - Audiometrische Prüfverfahren - Teil 3: Sprachaudiometrie (ISO 8253-3:2022)

Dieses Dokument beschreibt grundlegende Verfahren für in der Audiologie angewandte Sprachverständlich-keits¬tests.
ANMERKUNG Beispiele für Sprachmaterialien sind in Anhang A angegeben.
Um sicherzustellen, dass Mindestanforderungen hinsichtlich der Genauigkeit und der Vergleichbarkeit zwischen verschiedenen Testverfahren, einschließlich Sprachverständlichkeitstests in verschiedenen Sprachen, eingehalten werden, legt dieses Dokument Anforderungen an die Zusammensetzung, Validierung und Auswertung von Sprachtestmaterialien und an die Realisierung von Sprachverständlichkeitstests fest. Im Hinblick auf die Vielzahl der Sprachen legt dieses Dokument nicht die Inhalte der einzelnen Sprachmaterialien fest.
Weiterhin beschreibt dieses Dokument die Bestimmung der Bezugswerte und die Anforderungen an die Realisierung und die Art der Darbietung. Außerdem sind die Merkmale von Sprachtests beschrieben, deren Festlegung wichtig ist, die aber nicht als Anforderung aufgefasst werden
Dieses Dokument legt Verfahren und Anforderungen für die Sprachaudiometrie mit aufgezeichnetem Sprachtestmaterial fest, das von einem Audiometer über einen Wandler, z. B. Kopfhörer, Knochenleitungshörer oder Lautsprecheranordnung für die Schallfeldaudiometrie, angeboten wird. Die Verfahren für den Einsatz von Rauschen, entweder zur Verdeckung am nichtgeprüften Ohr oder als Zusatzschall, werden beschrieben.
Einige Versuchspersonen, z. B. Kinder, können geänderte Prüfabläufe erfordern, die nicht in diesem Dokument festgelegt sind.
Spezielle Prüfverfahren, wie sie für die Bestimmung des Richtungshörens und des dichotischen Hörens verwendet werden, liegen außerhalb des Anwendungsbereiches dieses Dokuments.

Acoustique - Méthodes d'essais audiométriques - Partie 3: Audiométrie vocale (ISO 8253-3:2022)

Le présent document spécifie les méthodes fondamentales d'essais de reconnaissance vocale pour les applications audiologiques.
NOTE            Des exemples de matériels vocaux sont donnés à l'Annexe A.
Afin de garantir l'existence d'exigences minimales de précision et de comparabilité entre différents modes opératoires d'essai, y compris pour des essais de reconnaissance vocale dans différentes langues, le présent document spécifie les exigences relatives à la composition, à la validation et à l'évaluation des matériels vocaux d'essai, ainsi qu'à la réalisation des essais de reconnaissance vocale. Le présent document ne spécifie pas le contenu du matériel vocal, en raison de la multiplicité des langues.
De plus, le présent document spécifie également la détermination de valeurs de référence et les exigences relatives à celle-ci, ainsi que le mode de présentation. Il existe en outre des caractéristiques des essais vocaux décrits qu'il est important de spécifier, mais qui ne sont pas considérées comme des exigences.
Le présent document spécifie des modes opératoires et des exigences applicables à l'audiométrie vocale, la présentation du matériel vocal d’essai enregistré s'effectuant au moyen d'un audiomètre, à l'aide d'un transducteur, par exemple, un écouteur ou un ossivibrateur, ou à l'aide de haut-parleurs pour l'audiométrie en champ acoustique. Il décrit des méthodes d'utilisation de bruits, soit comme bruits de masquage appliqués à l'oreille non testée, soit comme bruits de fond.
Pour certains sujets d’essai, par exemple les enfants, le recours à des modes opératoires d'essai modifiés, non spécifiés dans le présent document, peut se révéler nécessaire.
Les essais spécialisés, tels que ceux qui servent à évaluer l'audition directionnelle et l'audition dichotique, ne relèvent pas du domaine d'application du présent document.

Akustika - Avdiometrijske preskusne metode - 3. del: Govorna avdiometrija (ISO 8253-3:2022)

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
19-Feb-2021
Publication Date
15-Jun-2022
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
19-May-2022
Due Date
24-Jul-2022
Completion Date
16-Jun-2022

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN ISO 8253-3:2022
01-julij-2022
Nadomešča:
SIST EN ISO 8253-3:2012
Akustika - Avdiometrijske preskusne metode - 3. del: Govorna avdiometrija (ISO
8253-3:2022)

Acoustics - Audiometric test methods - Part 3: Speech audiometry (ISO 8253-3:2022)

Akustik - Audiometrische Prüfverfahren - Teil 3: Sprachaudiometrie (ISO 8253-3:2022)

Acoustique - Méthodes d'essais audiométriques - Partie 3: Audiométrie vocale (ISO

8253-3:2022)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN ISO 8253-3:2022
ICS:
13.140 Vpliv hrupa na ljudi Noise with respect to human
beings
17.140.01 Akustična merjenja in Acoustic measurements and
blaženje hrupa na splošno noise abatement in general
SIST EN ISO 8253-3:2022 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 8253-3:2022
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 8253-3:2022
EN ISO 8253-3
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
February 2022
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 13.140 Supersedes EN ISO 8253-3:2012
English Version
Acoustics - Audiometric test methods - Part 3: Speech
audiometry (ISO 8253-3:2022)

Acoustique - Méthodes d'essais audiométriques - Akustik - Audiometrische Prüfverfahren - Teil 3:

Partie 3: Audiométrie vocale (ISO 8253-3:2022) Sprachaudiometrie (ISO 8253-3:2022)

This European Standard was approved by CEN on 18 January 2022.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2022 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN ISO 8253-3:2022 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN ISO 8253-3:2022
EN ISO 8253-3:2022 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

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SIST EN ISO 8253-3:2022
EN ISO 8253-3:2022 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN ISO 8253-3:2022) has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 43

"Acoustics" in collaboration with Technical Committee CEN/TC 211 “Acoustics” the secretariat of which

is held by DIN.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by August 2022, and conflicting national standards shall

be withdrawn at the latest by August 2022.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes EN ISO 8253-3:2012.

Any feedback and questions on this document should be directed to the users’ national standards

body/national committee. A complete listing of these bodies can be found on the CEN website.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland,

Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of

North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the

United Kingdom.
Endorsement notice

The text of ISO 8253-3:2022 has been approved by CEN as EN ISO 8253-3:2022 without any

modification.
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SIST EN ISO 8253-3:2022
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SIST EN ISO 8253-3:2022
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 8253-3
Third edition
2022-01
Acoustics — Audiometric test
methods —
Part 3:
Speech audiometry
Acoustique — Méthodes d'essais audiométriques —
Partie 3: Audiométrie vocale
Reference number
ISO 8253-3:2022(E)
© ISO 2022
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SIST EN ISO 8253-3:2022
ISO 8253-3:2022(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2022

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting on

the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address below

or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
© ISO 2022 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 8253-3:2022
ISO 8253-3:2022(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

Introduction .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................. vi

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions .................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

4 Requirements for recording of speech material ............................................................................................................... 5

4.1 General requirements ...................................................................................................................................................................... 5

4.2 Calibration signal ................................................................................................................................................................................. 5

4.3 Reference recording ......... .................................................................................................................................................................. 5

4.4 Recording environment .................................................................................................................................................................. 6

4.5 Recording setup ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

4.6 Signals and levels ................................................................................................................................................................................. 6

4.6.1 Calibration signals ............................................................................................................................................................ 6

4.6.2 Speech signals ....................................................................................................................................................................... 7

4.6.3 Announcing signals .......................................................................................................................................................... 7

4.6.4 Competing sound signals ............................................................................................................................................ 7

4.7 Phonemic equivalence across test lists ............................................................................................................................ 7

4.8 Perceptual equivalence across test lists .......................................................................................................................... 7

5 Validation of speech material recordings ................................................................................................................................. 8

5.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 8

5.2 Determination of reference speech recognition curve ....................................................................................... 8

5.3 Determination of perceptual equivalence of test lists ........................................................................................ 9

5.4 Determination of test-retest reliability ............................................................................................................................ 9

5.5 Documentation ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 9

6 Requirements for speech audiometry .......................................................................................................................................10

6.1 Audiometric equipment ............................................................................................................................................................... 10

6.2 Ambient sound pressure levels in test room for speech audiometry ................................................. 10

6.3 Sound field speech audiometry ............................................................................................................................................ 10

7 Preparation and instruction of test subject ........................................................................................................................11

7.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 11

7.2 Preparation of test subject ........................................................................................................................................... ............. 11

7.3 Instruction of test subject ......................................................................................................................................................... 11

8 Subject's response mode ..........................................................................................................................................................................11

9 Determination of speech detection threshold level ....................................................................................................12

10 Determination of speech recognition threshold level ..............................................................................................13

11 Determination of speech recognition scores......................................................................................................................14

12 Contralateral masking ................................................................................................................................................................................14

13 Speech audiometry with competing sound ..........................................................................................................................15

13.1 Type of competing sound ...........................................................................................................................................................15

13.2 Presentation of competing sound ....................................................................................................................................... 15

13.3 Speech and competing sound levels ................................................................................................................................. 15

13.4 Test procedure ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 16

13.4.1 General ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 16

13.4.2 Speech recognition score at fixed SNR ........................................................................................................ 16

13.4.3 Speech recognition threshold level with a competing sound .................................................. 16

14 Format of speech audiogram ...............................................................................................................................................................16

15 Measurement uncertainty ......................................................................................................................................................................17

iii
© ISO 2022 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 8253-3:2022
ISO 8253-3:2022(E)

16 Maintenance and calibration of equipment .........................................................................................................................17

16.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 17

16.2 Stage A: Routine checking and listening tests ......................................................................................................... 17

16.3 Stage B: Periodic electroacoustic tests .......................................................................................................................... 18

16.4 Stage C: Basic calibration tests ............................................................................................................................................. 18

16.5 Intervals between tests ............................................................................................................................................................... 18

Annex A (informative) Example of speech materials ......................................................................................................................20

Annex B (informative) Examples of competing sound ...................................................................................................................21

Annex C (informative) Typical results ............................................................................................................................................................22

Annex D (informative) Optimization of perceptual equivalence of test lists .......................................................26

Annex E (informative) Measurement uncertainty .............................................................................................................................27

Annex F (informative) Determination of minimum number of subjects ...................................................................32

Annex G (informative) Determination of test-retest reliability ..........................................................................................34

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................39

© ISO 2022 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 8253-3:2022
ISO 8253-3:2022(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www.iso.org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www.iso.org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation on the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) see the following

URL: www.iso.org/iso/foreword.html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 43, Acoustics, in collaboration with

the European Committee for Standardization (CEN) Technical Committee CEN/TC 211, Acoustics, in

accordance with the Agreement on technical cooperation between ISO and CEN (Vienna Agreement).

This third edition cancels and replaces the second edition (ISO 8253-3:2012), which has been technically

revised. The main changes compared to the previous edition are as follows:

— The technical requirements for recording of speech material were adapted to recent equipment and

technology.

— The determination of reference speech recognition curves was revised. An annex that gives advices

on how to determine the minimum number of subjects was introduced.

— The determination of speech recognition threshold levels is described in a more general manner.

— Symbols for the graphical representation of speech audiometry results were introduced.

A list of all the parts in the ISO 8253 series can be found on the ISO website.
© ISO 2022 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 8253-3:2022
ISO 8253-3:2022(E)
Introduction

Speech audiometry is used for the assessment of hearing in connection with diagnostic evaluation and

audiological rehabilitation.

The results of speech audiometry depend on the speech material and test method used. This document

sets conditions for speech materials in order to ensure minimum requirements of precision and

comparability between different tests using different speech materials including materials in different

languages. It also specifies procedures to be used when testing speech recognition.

© ISO 2022 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 12 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 8253-3:2022
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 8253-3:2022(E)
Acoustics — Audiometric test methods —
Part 3:
Speech audiometry
1 Scope

This document specifies basic methods for speech recognition tests for audiological applications.

NOTE Examples of speech materials are given in Annex A.

In order to ensure minimum requirements of precision and comparability between different test

procedures including speech recognition tests in different languages, this document specifies

requirements for the composition, validation and evaluation of speech test materials, and the realization

of speech recognition tests. This document does not specify the contents of the speech material because

of the variety of languages.

Furthermore, this document also specifies the determination of reference values and requirements for

the realization and manner of presentation. In addition, there are features of speech tests described

which are important to be specified, but which are not understood as a requirement.

This document specifies procedures and requirements for speech audiometry with the recorded test

material being presented by an audiometer through a transducer, e.g., an earphone, bone vibrator, or

loudspeaker arrangement for sound field audiometry. Methods for using noise either for masking the

non-test ear or as a competing sound are described.

Some test subjects, for example children, can require modified test procedures not specified in this

document.

Specialized tests, such as those used for evaluating directional hearing and dichotic hearing, are outside

the scope of this document.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 8253-1, Acoustics — Audiometric test methods — Part 1: Pure-tone air and bone conduction audiometry

ISO 8253-2, Acoustics — Audiometric test methods — Part 2: Sound field audiometry with pure-tone and

narrow-band test signals

ISO/IEC Guide 98-3, Uncertainty of measurement — Part 3: Guide to the expression of uncertainty in

me a s ur ement (GUM: 1995)

IEC 60645-1:2017, Electroacoustics — Audiometric equipment — Part 1: Equipment for pure-tone and

speech audiometry
IEC 61672-1, Electroacoustics — Sound level meters — Part 1: Specifications
© ISO 2022 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 13 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 8253-3:2022
ISO 8253-3:2022(E)
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in ISO 8253-1 and ISO 8253-2 and

the following apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https:// www .iso .org/ obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at https:// www .electropedia .org/
3.1
speech signal
acoustic signal which carries information in a given language

Note 1 to entry: A speech signal can be a voice signal or an acoustic signal simulating a voice signal.

3.2
test item

particular monosyllabic or polysyllabic word, or logatom (3.12), or spondee, or sentence, or time-limited

segment of connected speech, used in accordance with defined rules of presentation and scoring in a

speech audiometric procedure

Note 1 to entry: Scoring may be based on a complete test item or parts thereof being correctly recognized.

3.3
test list
number of selected test items (3.2), presented and scored as a single unit
3.4
set of test items
selected number of test items (3.2) from a test list
3.5
speech material
entire set of test items (3.4) which is used for speech recognition tests

Note 1 to entry: Usually the speech material is subdivided into several test lists.

3.6
open-set test

test in which the number of alternative responses to each test item (3.2) is unlimited

3.7
closed-set test

test in which the number of alternative responses to each test item (3.2) is limited

3.8
phoneme

the smallest phonetic unit that distinguishes one word from another in a particular language

3.9
phoneme class

subdivision of phonemes that show characteristic similarities in vocal production mode as well as in

acoustical signal properties
3.10
phoneme distribution

relative distribution of the various phonemes within a given speech material (3.5)

© ISO 2022 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 8253-3:2022
ISO 8253-3:2022(E)
3.11
syllable

segment of speech consisting of an (optional) onset, a nucleus, and an (optional) coda, where the

nucleus most often consists of a vowel sound and the onset and coda most often consist of one or more

consonant sounds
3.12
logatom
syllabic unit that has no verbal meaning to the listener
Note 1 to entry: A logatom is sometimes called a “nonsense syllable”.
3.13
carrier phrase

sentence or phrase in which a test item (3.2) is embedded such that the correct recognition of the test

item (3.2) is not dependent upon the context or meaning of the sentence or phrase

3.14
connected speech

continuous speech with natural intonation, consisting of consecutive sentences with logical connections

3.15
reference recording
master recording

well-defined recording that represents the speech material (3.5) and that is used for validation and

application of the speech material (3.5)
3.16
speech level

sound pressure level of a specified speech material (3.5) as measured in an appropriate acoustic coupler,

ear simulator or in a sound field, with a specified frequency and time weighting

Note 1 to entry: The frequency and the time weighting should be according to IEC 61672-1.

3.17
speech detection threshold level

for a given test subject, for a specified speech material (3.5) and a specified manner of signal

presentation, the speech level at which it is detected as sound (not necessarily understood) in 50 % of

the trials
Note 1 to entry: Is synonymous with the expression “speech awareness threshold”.
3.18
speech recognition score

for a given test subject, for a specified speech material (3.5), a specified manner of signal presentation

and at a specified speech level, the percentage of correctly recognized test items (3.2) or scorable items

if the scoring method is not based on whole test items (3.2)
3.19
speech audiogram

graphical representation of the results of speech audiometry, where the speech recognition score is

plotted as percentage along the ordinate and speech level, in dB, or hearing level for speech, in dB, or

speech-to-noise level difference, in dB, along the abscissa
3.20
maximum speech recognition score

for a given test subject, for a specified speech material (3.5) and a specified manner of signal

presentation, the maximum speech recognition score obtained regardless of the speech level

© ISO 2022 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 15 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 8253-3:2022
ISO 8253-3:2022(E)
3.21
speech recognition threshold level

for a given test subject, for a specified speech material (3.5) and a specified manner of signal

presentation, the lowest speech level at which the speech recognition score is equal to 50 % or another

specified value

Note 1 to entry: Speech recognition threshold has been called “speech reception threshold”.

3.22
reference speech recognition threshold level

for a specified speech material (3.5) and a specified manner of signal presentation, the median value of

the speech recognition threshold levels of a sufficiently large number of otologically normal persons, of

both sexes, between 18 years and 25 years inclusive for whom the speech material (3.5) is appropriate

3.23
hearing level for speech

for a specified speech material (3.5) and a specified manner of signal presentation, the speech level

minus the appropriate reference speech recognition threshold level
3.24
optimum speech level

for a given test subject, for a specified speech material and a specified manner of signal presentation,

the speech level or range of speech levels at which maximum speech recognition score is obtained

3.25
half-optimum speech level

for a given test subject, for a specified speech material and a specified manner of signal presentation,

the speech level at which half of the maximum speech recognition score is obtained

3.26
most comfortable level for speech

for a given test subject, a specific speech material (3.5) and a specified manner of presentation, the

speech level at which the loudness of the speech signal (3.1) is judged by the test subject to be most

comfortab
...

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
oSIST prEN ISO 8253-3:2021
01-februar-2021
Akustika - Avdiometrijske preskusne metode - 3. del: Govorna avdiometrija
(ISO/DIS 8253-3:2020)
Acoustics - Audiometric test methods - Part 3: Speech audiometry (ISO/DIS 8253-
3:2020)

Akustik - Audiometrische Prüfverfahren - Teil 3: Sprachaudiometrie (ISO/DIS 8253-

3:2020)

Acoustique - Méthodes d'essais audiométriques - Partie 3: Audiométrie vocale (ISO/DIS

8253-3:2020)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: prEN ISO 8253-3
ICS:
13.140 Vpliv hrupa na ljudi Noise with respect to human
beings
17.140.01 Akustična merjenja in Acoustic measurements and
blaženje hrupa na splošno noise abatement in general
oSIST prEN ISO 8253-3:2021 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
oSIST prEN ISO 8253-3:2021
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
oSIST prEN ISO 8253-3:2021
DRAFT INTERNATIONAL STANDARD
ISO/DIS 8253-3
ISO/TC 43 Secretariat: DIN
Voting begins on: Voting terminates on:
2020-12-08 2021-03-02
Acoustics — Audiometric test methods —
Part 3:
Speech audiometry
Acoustique — Méthodes d'essais audiométriques —
Partie 3: Audiométrie vocale
ICS: 13.140
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Contents Page

Foreword ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

Introduction ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................vi

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

4 Requirements for recording of speech material ................................................................................................................. 5

4.1 General requirements ....................................................................................................................................................................... 5

4.2 Calibration signal .................................................................................................................................................................................. 5

4.3 Reference recording ........................................................................................................................................................................... 5

4.4 Recording environment ................................................................................................................................................................... 5

4.5 Recording setup ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

4.6 Signals and levels .................................................................................................................................................................................. 6

4.6.1 Calibration signals .......................................................................................................................................................... 6

4.6.2 Speech signals .................................................................................................................................................................... 6

4.6.3 Announcing signals ........................................................................................................................................... ............. 7

4.6.4 Competing sound signals .......................................................................................................................................... 7

4.7 Phonemic equivalence across test lists .............................................................................................................................. 7

4.8 Perceptual equivalence across test lists ............................................................................................................................ 7

5 Validation of speech material recordings ................................................................................................................................... 7

5.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 7

5.2 Determination of reference speech recognition curve ......................................................................................... 7

5.3 Determination of perceptual equivalence of test lists .......................................................................................... 8

5.4 Determination of test-retest reliability .............................................................................................................................. 9

5.5 Documentation ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 9

6 Requirements for speech audiometry ........................................................................................................................................10

6.1 Audiometric equipment ...............................................................................................................................................................10

6.2 Ambient sound pressure levels in test room for speech audiometry ...................................................10

6.3 Sound field speech audiometry .............................................................................................................................................10

7 Preparation and instruction of test subject ..........................................................................................................................10

7.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................10

7.2 Preparation of test subject .........................................................................................................................................................10

7.3 Instruction of test subject ...........................................................................................................................................................11

8 Subject's response mode ...........................................................................................................................................................................11

9 Determination of speech detection threshold level......................................................................................................11

10 Determination of speech recognition threshold level ................................................................................................12

11 Determination of speech recognition scores .......................................................................................................................13

12 Contralateral masking .................................................................................................................................................................................14

13 Speech audiometry with competing sound ...........................................................................................................................14

13.1 Type of competing sound ............................................................................................................................................................14

13.2 Presentation of competing sound ........................................................................................................................................15

13.3 Speech and competing sound levels ..................................................................................................................................15

13.4 Test procedure ......................................................................................................................................................................................15

13.4.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................15

13.4.2 Speech recognition score at fixed SNR .......................................................................................................15

13.4.3 Speech recognition threshold with a competing sound ..............................................................15

14 Format of speech audiogram ................................................................................................................................................................16

15 Measurement uncertainty .......................................................................................................................................................................16

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16 Maintenance and calibration of equipment ..........................................................................................................................17

16.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................17

16.2 Stage A: Routine checking and listening tests ...........................................................................................................17

16.3 Stage B: Periodic electroacoustic tests ............................................................................................................................17

16.4 Stage C: Basic calibration tests ...............................................................................................................................................18

16.5 Intervals between tests .................................................................................................................................................................18

Annex A (informative) Example of speech materials .......................................................................................................................19

Annex B (informative) Examples of competing sound ....................................................................................................................20

Annex C (informative) Typical results ..............................................................................................................................................................21

Annex D (informative) Optimization of perceptual equivalence of test lists ...........................................................25

Annex E (informative) Measurement uncertainty ...............................................................................................................................26

Annex F (informative) Determination of minimum number of subjects .....................................................................31

Annex G (informative) Determination of test-retest reliability ............................................................................................33

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................37

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Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/ directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/ patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

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For an explanation on the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) see the following

URL: www .iso .org/ iso/ foreword .html.
This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 43, Acoustics.

This third edition cancels and replaces the second edition (ISO 8253-3:2012), which has been technically

revised. The main changes compared to the previous edition are as follows:

— The technical requirements for recording of speech material were adapted to recent equipment and

technology.

— The determination of reference speech recognition curves was revised. An Annex that gives advices

how to determine the minimum number of subjects was introduced.

— The determination of speech recognition threshold levels is described in a more general manner.

— Symbols for the graphical representation of speech audiometry results were introduced.

A list of all the parts in the ISO 8253 series can be found on the ISO website.
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Introduction

Speech audiometry is used for the assessment of hearing in connection with diagnostic evaluation and

audiological rehabilitation.

The results of speech audiometry depend on the speech material and test method used. This document

sets conditions for speech materials in order to ensure minimum requirements of precision and

comparability between different tests using different speech materials including materials in different

languages. It also specifies procedures to be used when testing speech recognition.

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oSIST prEN ISO 8253-3:2021
DRAFT INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO/DIS 8253-3:2020(E)
Acoustics — Audiometric test methods —
Part 3:
Speech audiometry
1 Scope

This document specifies basic methods for speech recognition tests for audiological applications.

NOTE Examples of speech materials are given in Annex A.

In order to ensure minimum requirements of precision and comparability between different test

procedures including speech recognition tests in different languages, this document specifies

requirements for the composition, validation and evaluation of speech test materials, and the realization

of speech recognition tests. This document does not specify the contents of the speech material because

of the variety of languages.

Furthermore, this document also specifies the determination of reference values and requirements for

the realization and manner of presentation. In addition, there are features of speech tests described

which are important to be specified, but which are not understood as a requirement.

This document specifies procedures and requirements for speech audiometry with the recorded test

material being presented by an audiometer through a transducer, e.g. an earphone, bone vibrator, or

loudspeaker arrangement for sound field audiometry. Methods for using noise either for masking the

non-test ear or as a competing sound are described.

Some test subjects, for example children, can require modified test procedures not specified in this

document.

Specialized tests, such as those used for evaluating directional hearing and dichotic hearing, are outside

the scope of this document.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 266, Acoustics — Preferred frequencies

ISO 8253-1, Acoustics — Audiometric test methods — Part 1: Pure-tone air and bone conduction audiometry

ISO 8253-2, Acoustics — Audiometric test methods — Part 2: Sound field audiometry with pure-tone and

narrow-band test signals

ISO/IEC Guide 98-3, Uncertainty of measurement — Part 3: Guide to the expression of uncertainty in

me a s ur ement (GUM: 1995)

IEC 60645-1:2017, Electroacoustics — Audiometric equipment — Part 1 Equipment for pure-tone and

speech audiometry
IEC 61672-1, Electroacoustics — Sound level meters — Part 1: Specifications
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3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in ISO 8253-1 and ISO 8253-2 and

the following apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https:// www .iso .org/ obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at http:// www .electropedia .org/
3.1
speech signal
acoustic signal which carries information in a given language

Note 1 to entry: A speech signal may be a voice signal or an acoustic signal simulating a voice signal.

3.2
test item

particular monosyllabic or polysyllabic word, or logatom, or spondee, or sentence, or time-limited

segment of connected speech, used in accordance with defined rules of presentation and scoring in a

speech audiometric procedure

Note 1 to entry: Scoring may be based on a complete test item or parts thereof being correctly recognized.

3.3
test list
number of selected test items, presented and scored as a single unit
3.4
set of test items
selected number of test items from a test list
3.5
speech material
entire set of test items which is used for speech recognition tests

Note 1 to entry: Usually the speech material is subdivided into several test lists.

3.6
open-set test
test in which the number of alternative responses to each test item is unlimited
3.7
closed-set test
test in which the number of alternative responses to each test item is limited
3.8
phoneme

the smallest phonetic unit that distinguishes one word from another in a particular language

3.9
phoneme class

subdivision of phonemes that show characteristic similarities in vocal production mode as well as in

acoustical signal properties
3.10
phoneme distribution
relative distribution of the various phonemes within a given speech material
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3.11
syllable

segment of speech consisting of an (optional) onset, a nucleus, and an (optional) coda. The nucleus most

often consists of a vowel sound. The onset and coda most often consist of one or more consonant sounds

3.12
logatom
syllabic unit that has no verbal meaning to the listener
Note 1 to entry: A logatom is sometimes called a “nonsense syllable”.
3.13
carrier phrase

sentence or phrase in which a test item is embedded such that the correct recognition of the test item is

not dependent upon the context or meaning of the sentence or phrase
3.14
connected speech

continuous speech with natural intonation, consisting of consecutive sentences with logical connections

3.15
reference recording of a speech material
master recording

well-defined recording that represents the speech material and that is used for validation and

application of the speech material
3.16
speech level

sound pressure level of a specified speech material as measured in an appropriate acoustic coupler, ear

simulator or in a sound field, with a specified frequency and time weighting according to IEC 61672-1

3.17
speech detection threshold level

for a given test subject, for a specified speech material and a specified manner of signal presentation,

the speech level at which it is detected as sound (not necessarily understood) in 50 % of the trials

Note 1 to entry: Is synonymous with the expression “speech awareness threshold”.
3.18
speech recognition score

for a given test subject, for a specified speech material, a specified manner of signal presentation and

at a specified speech level, the percentage of correctly recognized test items or scorable items if the

scoring method is not based on whole test items
3.19
speech audiogram

graphical representation of the results of speech audiometry, where the speech recognition score is

plotted as percentage along the ordinate and speech level, in dB, or hearing level for speech, in dB, or

speech-to-noise level difference, in dB, along the abscissa
3.20
maximum speech recognition score

for a given test subject, for a specified speech material and a specified manner of signal presentation,

the maximum speech recognition score obtained regardless of the speech level
3.21
speech recognition threshold level

for a given test subject, for a specified speech material and a specified manner of signal presentation,

the lowest speech level at which the speech recognition score is equal to 50 % or another specified value

Note 1 to entry: Speech recognition threshold has been called “speech reception threshold”.

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3.22
reference speech recognition threshold level

for a specified speech material and a specified manner of signal presentation, the median value of the

speech recognition threshold levels of a sufficiently large number of otologically normal persons, of

both sexes, between 18 years and 25 years inclusive for whom the speech material is appropriate

3.23
hearing level for speech

for a specified speech material and a specified manner of signal presentation, the speech level minus

the appropriate reference speech recognition threshold level
3.24
optimum speech level

for a given test subject, for a specified speech material and a specified manner of signal presentation,

the speech level or range of speech levels at which maximum speech recognition score is obtained

3.25
half-optimum speech level

for a given test subject, for a specified speech material and a specified manner of signal presentation,

the speech level at which half of the maximum speech recognition score is obtained

3.26
most comfortable level for speech

for a given test subject, a specific speech material and a specified manner of presentation, the speech

level at which the loudness of the speech signal is judged by the test subject to be most comfortable

3.27
speech recognition curve

for a given test subject, for a specified speech material and a specified manner of signal presentation, a

curve that describes the speech recognition score as a function of speech level
3.28
reference speech recognition curve

for a specified speech material and a specified manner of presentation, a curve that describes the

speech recognition score as a function of speech level for a sufficiently large number of otologically

normal persons of both sexes, aged between 18 years and 25 years inclusive and for whom the speech

material is appropriate
3.29
competing sound
additional sound that is presented during speech recognition tests
3.30
competing sound level

sound pressure level of a competing sound as measured in an appropriate acoustic coupler, ear

simulator or in a sound field, with a specified frequency and time weighting according to IEC 61672-1

3.31
Spech-to-noise level difference
speech-to-noise ratio
SNR
difference between the speech level and the competing sound level
3.32
effective masking level for speech

level of a specified masking sound equivalent to that hearing level for speech to which the speech

recognition threshold level for a specified speech signal would be raised by the presence of that masking

sound
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4 Requirements for recording of speech material
4.1 General requirements
Each recording shall contain the following signals:
a) the speech material;
b) a signal for the calibration of the equipment for speech audiometry.
4.2 Calibration signal
The calibration signal shall meet the following requirements:
a) A minimum duration of 60 s.

b) The calibration signal for sound-field speech audiometry shall be a weighted random noise, e.g. as

specified in IEC 60645-1:2017, 6.5.3, a band of noise centred at 1 kHz and having a bandwidth of

one-third octave, or a frequency-modulated tone at 1 kHz having a bandwidth of at least one-third

octave — the modulating signal shall be either sinusoidal or triangular with a repetition rate in the

range from 4 Hz to 20 Hz.

c) The calibration signal for earphones or bone vibrators shall be as specified in b). Alternatively, a

pure-tone signal may be used.
4.3 Reference recording

The voice characteristics of the speaker influence the test results. For general-use tests, a suitable

speaker, either male or female, shall have a normal and clear articulation and should speak with a

generally well understood dialect. The speaker shall be instructed to maintain clarity, natural pace, and

vocal effort and avoid emphasis on keywords.
NOTE 1 Tests with representative speech facilitate the comparison of results.

NOTE 2 For some applications, e.g. localized speech tests, a specific dialect may be required.

A reference recording mainly consists of the elements specified in 4.1. The reference recording shall not

be modified. All speech materials used for testing shall be equivalent copies of the reference recording.

Any changes of the reference recording (e.g. a new recording or changes of levels or frequency content)

require a new validation (see Clause 5).

For speech audiometry intended to be performed in noise, the reference recording shall also include the

associated competing sound or sounds, either on the same or on separate channels.

4.4 R
...

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