Maritime low power personal locating devices employing AIS - Harmonised Standard for access to radio spectrum

The present document specifies technical characteristics and methods of measurements for low power maritime
personal locating devices employing AIS.
The present document does not cover requirements for the integrated GNSS receiver providing locating function.
The present document incorporates the relevant provisions of the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) radio
regulations [i.4] included in Recommendation ITU-R M.1371-5 [1].
For this application, both the radiated power and the length of time of operation are limited to enable the equipment to
be sufficiently small and light to be worn comfortably at all times and to limit the operating range to a local area.
NOTE: The relationship between the present document and essential requirements of article 3.2 of Directive
2014/53/EU [i.1] is given in annex A.

Pomorski osebni javljalniki lokacije majhne moči z uporabo AIS - Harmonizirani standard za dostop do radijskega spektra

Ta dokument določa tehnične značilnosti in metode merjenj za pomorske osebne javljalnike lokacije majhne moči z uporabo AIS.
Ta dokument ne zajema zahtev za vgrajeni sprejemnik GNSS, ki zagotavlja funkcijo javljanja lokacije. Ta dokument zajema ustrezne določbe Pravilnika o radiokomunikacijah [i.4] Mednarodne zveze za telekomunikacije (ITU), vključene v Priporočilo ITU-R M.1371-5 [1].
Pri takšni uporabi sta oddajna moč in časovno obdobje delovanja zmanjšana, da se omogoči uporaba ustrezno majhne opreme, ki jo je mogoče udobno nositi, ter da se razpon delovanja omeji na lokalno območje.
OPOMBA: Razmerje med tem dokumentom in bistvenimi zahtevami člena 3.2 Direktive 2014/53/EU [i.1] je podano v dodatku A.

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
31-Jul-2017
Publication Date
26-Feb-2019
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
18-Feb-2019
Due Date
25-Apr-2019
Completion Date
27-Feb-2019

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ETSI EN 303 098 V2.2.1 (2019-02)
HARMONISED EUROPEAN STANDARD
Maritime low power personal locating devices employing AIS;
Harmonised Standard for access to radio spectrum
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
2 ETSI EN 303 098 V2.2.1 (2019-02)
Reference
REN/ERM-TGMAR-536
Keywords
harmonised standard, maritime, radio, SAR,
testing
ETSI
650 Route des Lucioles
F-06921 Sophia Antipolis Cedex - FRANCE
Tel.: +33 4 92 94 42 00 Fax: +33 4 93 65 47 16
Siret N° 348 623 562 00017 - NAF 742 C
Association à but non lucratif enregistrée à la
Sous-Préfecture de Grasse (06) N° 7803/88
Important notice
The present document can be downloaded from:
http://www.etsi.org/standards-search

The present document may be made available in electronic versions and/or in print. The content of any electronic and/or

print versions of the present document shall not be modified without the prior written authorization of ETSI. In case of any

existing or perceived difference in contents between such versions and/or in print, the prevailing version of an ETSI

deliverable is the one made publicly available in PDF format at www.etsi.org/deliver.

Users of the present document should be aware that the document may be subject to revision or change of status.

Information on the current status of this and other ETSI documents is available at

https://portal.etsi.org/TB/ETSIDeliverableStatus.aspx

If you find errors in the present document, please send your comment to one of the following services:

https://portal.etsi.org/People/CommiteeSupportStaff.aspx
Copyright Notification

No part may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying

and microfilm except as authorized by written permission of ETSI.

The content of the PDF version shall not be modified without the written authorization of ETSI.

The copyright and the foregoing restriction extend to reproduction in all media.
© ETSI 2019.
All rights reserved.
TM TM TM

DECT , PLUGTESTS , UMTS and the ETSI logo are trademarks of ETSI registered for the benefit of its Members.

TM TM

3GPP and LTE are trademarks of ETSI registered for the benefit of its Members and

of the 3GPP Organizational Partners.

oneM2M™ logo is a trademark of ETSI registered for the benefit of its Members and

of the oneM2M Partners.
GSM and the GSM logo are trademarks registered and owned by the GSM Association.
ETSI
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
3 ETSI EN 303 098 V2.2.1 (2019-02)
Contents

Intellectual Property Rights ................................................................................................................................ 7

Foreword ............................................................................................................................................................. 7

Modal verbs terminology .................................................................................................................................... 7

1 Scope ........................................................................................................................................................ 8

2 References ................................................................................................................................................ 8

2.1 Normative references ......................................................................................................................................... 8

2.2 Informative references ........................................................................................................................................ 9

3 Definition of terms, symbols and abbreviations ....................................................................................... 9

3.1 Terms .................................................................................................................................................................. 9

3.2 Symbols ............................................................................................................................................................ 10

3.3 Abbreviations ................................................................................................................................................... 10

4 General requirements ............................................................................................................................. 10

4.1 Construction ..................................................................................................................................................... 10

4.1.0 General ........................................................................................................................................................ 10

4.1.1 Categories of equipment ............................................................................................................................. 11

4.2 Controls ............................................................................................................................................................ 11

4.3 Indicator(s) ....................................................................................................................................................... 12

4.4 Identifier (user ID)............................................................................................................................................ 12

4.5 Labelling........................................................................................................................................................... 12

4.6 Instructions ....................................................................................................................................................... 12

4.7 Power source .................................................................................................................................................... 13

4.7.1 Battery requirements ................................................................................................................................... 13

4.7.2 Battery capacity .......................................................................................................................................... 13

4.7.3 Safety precautions ....................................................................................................................................... 13

5 Technical requirements .......................................................................................................................... 13

5.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 13

5.2 AIS transmission characteristics ....................................................................................................................... 14

5.2.0 General ........................................................................................................................................................ 14

5.2.1 AIS messages .............................................................................................................................................. 14

5.2.1.0 General .................................................................................................................................................. 14

5.2.1.1 Active mode .......................................................................................................................................... 14

5.2.1.2 Test mode .............................................................................................................................................. 14

5.2.2 Synchronization .......................................................................................................................................... 14

5.2.2.0 General .................................................................................................................................................. 14

5.2.2.1 Active mode .......................................................................................................................................... 15

5.2.2.2 Test transmission ................................................................................................................................... 15

5.2.3 GNSS position source ................................................................................................................................. 15

5.2.3.0 General .................................................................................................................................................. 15

5.2.3.1 Accuracy ............................................................................................................................................... 15

5.2.3.2 Acquisition ............................................................................................................................................ 15

5.2.3.3 Sensitivity and dynamic range .............................................................................................................. 16

5.2.3.4 Effects of specific interfering signals .................................................................................................... 16

5.2.3.5 UTC....................................................................................................................................................... 16

5.2.3.6 UTC parameters storage ........................................................................................................................ 16

5.2.4 Required settings ........................................................................................................................................ 16

5.2.5 Minimum transmitter performance characteristics ..................................................................................... 17

5.2.6 VHF Data Link (VDL) Access ................................................................................................................... 17

5.2.6.0 General .................................................................................................................................................. 17

5.2.6.1 Active mode .......................................................................................................................................... 17

5.2.6.2 Test mode .............................................................................................................................................. 18

6 General conditions of measurement ....................................................................................................... 18

6.1 Conformity testing ............................................................................................................................................ 18

6.2 Test Frequencies ............................................................................................................................................... 18

ETSI
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
4 ETSI EN 303 098 V2.2.1 (2019-02)

6.3 Identifier (user ID)............................................................................................................................................ 18

6.4 Artificial Antenna ............................................................................................................................................. 18

6.5 Test signals ....................................................................................................................................................... 19

6.5.0 General ........................................................................................................................................................ 19

6.5.1 Standard test signal number 1 ..................................................................................................................... 19

6.5.2 Standard test signal number 2 ..................................................................................................................... 19

6.5.3 Standard test signal number 3 ..................................................................................................................... 19

6.5.4 Reference timing signal .............................................................................................................................. 19

6.6 Test conditions power sources and ambient te mperature s ................................................................................ 19

6.6.1 Normal and extreme test conditions............................................................................................................ 19

6.6.2 Test power source ....................................................................................................................................... 19

6.7 Normal test conditions ...................................................................................................................................... 20

6.7.1 Normal temperature and humidity .............................................................................................................. 20

6.7.2 Normal test voltage ..................................................................................................................................... 20

6.8 Extreme test conditions .................................................................................................................................... 20

6.8.1 Extreme temperatures ................................................................................................................................. 20

6.8.2 Extreme test voltages .................................................................................................................................. 20

6.8.2.1 Upper extreme test voltage .................................................................................................................... 20

6.8.2.2 Lower extreme test voltage ................................................................................................................... 20

7 Environmental tests ................................................................................................................................ 20

7.1 Introduction ...................................................................................................................................................... 20

7.2 Procedure .......................................................................................................................................................... 21

7.3 Performance check ........................................................................................................................................... 21

7.4 Drop test ........................................................................................................................................................... 21

7.4.1 Definition .................................................................................................................................................... 21

7.4.2 Test conditions ............................................................................................................................................ 21

7.4.3 Method of measurement ............................................................................................................................. 21

7.4.4 Requirements .............................................................................................................................................. 21

7.5 Temperature tests ............................................................................................................................................. 22

7.5.1 Definition .................................................................................................................................................... 22

7.5.2 Dry heat test ................................................................................................................................................ 22

7.5.2.1 Method of measurement ........................................................................................................................ 22

7.5.2.2 Requirements ........................................................................................................................................ 22

7.5.3 Damp heat test ............................................................................................................................................ 22

7.5.3.1 Method of measurement ........................................................................................................................ 22

7.5.3.2 Requirements ........................................................................................................................................ 22

7.5.4 Low temperature test .................................................................................................................................. 23

7.5.4.1 Method of measurement ........................................................................................................................ 23

7.5.4.2 Requirements ........................................................................................................................................ 23

7.5.5 Low temperature battery endurance test ..................................................................................................... 23

7.5.5.1 Method of measurement ........................................................................................................................ 23

7.5.5.2 Requirements ........................................................................................................................................ 23

7.6 Vibration test .................................................................................................................................................... 23

7.6.1 Definition .................................................................................................................................................... 23

7.6.2 Method of measurement ............................................................................................................................. 23

7.6.3 Requirement ................................................................................................................................................ 24

7.7 Corrosion test ................................................................................................................................................... 24

7.7.0 Applicability ............................................................................................................................................... 24

7.7.1 Definition .................................................................................................................................................... 24

7.7.2 Method of measurement ............................................................................................................................. 24

7.7.3 Requirements .............................................................................................................................................. 25

7.8 Thermal shock test............................................................................................................................................ 25

7.8.1 Definition .................................................................................................................................................... 25

7.8.2 Method of measurement ............................................................................................................................. 25

7.8.3 Requirements .............................................................................................................................................. 25

7.9 Buoyancy test ................................................................................................................................................... 25

7.9.1 Definition .................................................................................................................................................... 25

7.9.2 Method of measurement ............................................................................................................................. 26

7.9.3 Requirements .............................................................................................................................................. 26

7.10 Compass safe distance test ............................................................................................................................... 26

7.10.1 Definition .................................................................................................................................................... 26

ETSI
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
5 ETSI EN 303 098 V2.2.1 (2019-02)

7.10.2 Method of measurement ............................................................................................................................. 26

7.10.3 Requirements .............................................................................................................................................. 27

7.11 Solar radiation test ............................................................................................................................................ 27

7.11.0 Applicability ............................................................................................................................................... 27

7.11.1 Definition .................................................................................................................................................... 27

7.11.2 Method of measurement ............................................................................................................................. 27

7.11.3 Requirements .............................................................................................................................................. 28

7.12 Oil resistance test.............................................................................................................................................. 28

7.12.0 Applicability ............................................................................................................................................... 28

7.12.1 Definition .................................................................................................................................................... 28

7.12.2 Method of measurement ............................................................................................................................. 28

7.12.3 Requirements .............................................................................................................................................. 28

7.13 Protection of the transmitter to immersion ....................................................................................................... 29

7.13.1 Definition .................................................................................................................................................... 29

7.13.2 Method of measurement ............................................................................................................................. 29

7.13.3 Requirement ................................................................................................................................................ 29

8 Tests on the AIS transmitter ................................................................................................................... 29

8.1 Frequency error ................................................................................................................................................ 29

8.1.1 Definition .................................................................................................................................................... 29

8.1.2 Method of measurement ............................................................................................................................. 29

8.1.3 Limit ........................................................................................................................................................... 29

8.2 Conducted Power ............................................................................................................................................. 29

8.2.0 Purpose ....................................................................................................................................................... 29

8.2.1 Definition .................................................................................................................................................... 30

8.2.2 Method of measurement ............................................................................................................................. 30

8.2.3 Limit ........................................................................................................................................................... 30

8.3 Maximum Effective Radiated Power (ERP)..................................................................................................... 30

8.3.1 Definition .................................................................................................................................................... 30

8.3.2 Method of measurement ............................................................................................................................. 30

8.3.3 Limits .......................................................................................................................................................... 31

8.4 Transmitter spectrum mask .............................................................................................................................. 31

8.4.1 Definition .................................................................................................................................................... 31

8.4.2 Method of measurement ............................................................................................................................. 31

8.4.3 Limit ........................................................................................................................................................... 32

8.5 Transmitter transient behaviour (output power) ............................................................................................... 32

8.5.1 Definition .................................................................................................................................................... 32

8.5.2 Method of measurement ............................................................................................................................. 33

8.5.3 Limit ........................................................................................................................................................... 34

8.6 Transmitter Transient Behaviour (frequency deviation) .................................................................................. 34

8.6.1 Definition .................................................................................................................................................... 34

8.6.2 Method of measurement ............................................................................................................................. 34

8.6.3 Limit ........................................................................................................................................................... 35

8.7 Synchronization accuracy ................................................................................................................................. 35

8.7.1 Definition .................................................................................................................................................... 35

8.7.2 Method of measurement ............................................................................................................................. 35

8.7.3 Limit ........................................................................................................................................................... 36

8.8 Spurious emissions ........................................................................................................................................... 37

8.8.1 Definition .................................................................................................................................................... 37

8.8.2 Method of measurement ............................................................................................................................. 37

8.8.3 Limit ........................................................................................................................................................... 37

9 VDL Link layer tests .............................................................................................................................. 37

9.1 Active mode tests ...................................................................................................................................

...

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.+DUPRQL]LUDQLMaritime low power personal locating devices employing AIS - Harmonised Standard for access to radio spectrum47.020.70Navigacijska in krmilna opremaNavigation and control equipment33.060.99Druga oprema za radijske komunikacijeOther equipment for radiocommunicationsICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:ETSI EN 303 098 V2.2.1 (2019-02)SIST EN 303 098 V2.2.1:2019en01-april-2019SIST EN 303 098 V2.2.1:2019SLOVENSKI

STANDARD
SIST EN 303 098 V2.2.1:2019

ETSI EN 303 098 V2.2.1 (2019-02) Maritime low power personal locating devices employing AIS; Harmonised Standard for access to radio spectrum

HARMONISED EUROPEAN STANDARD SIST EN 303 098 V2.2.1:2019
ETSI ETSI EN 303 098 V2.2.1 (2019-02) 2

Reference REN/ERM-TGMAR-536 Keywords harmonised standard, maritime, radio, SAR, testing ETSI 650 Route des Lucioles F-06921 Sophia Antipolis Cedex - FRANCE

Tel.: +33 4 92 94 42 00
Fax: +33 4 93 65 47 16

Siret N° 348 623 562 00017 - NAF 742 C Association à but non lucratif enregistrée à la Sous-Préfecture de Grasse (06) N° 7803/88

Important notice The present document can be downloaded from: http://www.etsi.org/standards-search The present document may be made available in electronic versions and/or in print. The content of any electronic and/or print versions of the present document shall not be modified without the prior written authorization of ETSI. In case of any existing or perceived difference in contents between such versions and/or in print, the prevailing version of an ETSI deliverable is the one made publicly available in PDF format at www.etsi.org/deliver. Users of the present document should be aware that the document may be subject to revision or change of status. Information on the current status of this and other ETSI documents is available at https://portal.etsi.org/TB/ETSIDeliverableStatus.aspx If you find errors in the present document, please send your comment to one of the following services: https://portal.etsi.org/People/CommiteeSupportStaff.aspx Copyright Notification No part may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying and microfilm except as authorized by written permission of ETSI. The content of the PDF version shall not be modified without the written authorization of ETSI. The copyright and the foregoing restriction extend to reproduction in all media.

© ETSI 2019. All rights reserved.

DECTTM, PLUGTESTSTM, UMTSTM and the ETSI logo are trademarks of ETSI registered for the benefit of its Members. 3GPPTM and LTETM are trademarks of ETSI registered for the benefit of its Members and of the 3GPP Organizational Partners. oneM2M™ logo is a trademark of ETSI registered for the benefit of its Members and of the oneM2M Partners. GSM® and the GSM logo are trademarks registered and owned by the GSM Association. SIST EN 303 098 V2.2.1:2019

ETSI ETSI EN 303 098 V2.2.1 (2019-02) 3 Contents Intellectual Property Rights ................................................................................................................................ 7 Foreword ............................................................................................................................................................. 7 Modal verbs terminology .................................................................................................................................... 7 1 Scope ........................................................................................................................................................ 8 2 References ................................................................................................................................................ 8 2.1 Normative references ......................................................................................................................................... 8 2.2 Informative references ........................................................................................................................................ 9 3 Definition of terms, symbols and abbreviations ....................................................................................... 9 3.1 Terms .................................................................................................................................................................. 9 3.2 Symbols ............................................................................................................................................................ 10 3.3 Abbreviations ................................................................................................................................................... 10 4 General requirements ............................................................................................................................. 10 4.1 Construction ..................................................................................................................................................... 10 4.1.0 General ........................................................................................................................................................ 10 4.1.1 Categories of equipment ............................................................................................................................. 11 4.2 Controls ............................................................................................................................................................ 11 4.3 Indicator(s) ....................................................................................................................................................... 12 4.4 Identifier (user ID)............................................................................................................................................ 12 4.5 Labelling........................................................................................................................................................... 12 4.6 Instructions ....................................................................................................................................................... 12 4.7 Power source .................................................................................................................................................... 13 4.7.1 Battery requirements ................................................................................................................................... 13 4.7.2 Battery capacity .......................................................................................................................................... 13 4.7.3 Safety precautions ....................................................................................................................................... 13 5 Technical requirements .......................................................................................................................... 13 5.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 13 5.2 AIS transmission characteristics ....................................................................................................................... 14 5.2.0 General ........................................................................................................................................................ 14 5.2.1 AIS messages .............................................................................................................................................. 14 5.2.1.0 General .................................................................................................................................................. 14 5.2.1.1 Active mode .......................................................................................................................................... 14 5.2.1.2 Test mode .............................................................................................................................................. 14 5.2.2 Synchronization .......................................................................................................................................... 14 5.2.2.0 General .................................................................................................................................................. 14 5.2.2.1 Active mode .......................................................................................................................................... 15 5.2.2.2 Test transmission ................................................................................................................................... 15 5.2.3 GNSS position source ................................................................................................................................. 15 5.2.3.0 General .................................................................................................................................................. 15 5.2.3.1 Accuracy ............................................................................................................................................... 15 5.2.3.2 Acquisition ............................................................................................................................................ 15 5.2.3.3 Sensitivity and dynamic range .............................................................................................................. 16 5.2.3.4 Effects of specific interfering signals .................................................................................................... 16 5.2.3.5 UTC....................................................................................................................................................... 16 5.2.3.6 UTC parameters storage ........................................................................................................................ 16 5.2.4 Required settings ........................................................................................................................................ 16 5.2.5 Minimum transmitter performance characteristics ..................................................................................... 17 5.2.6 VHF Data Link (VDL) Access ................................................................................................................... 17 5.2.6.0 General .................................................................................................................................................. 17 5.2.6.1 Active mode .......................................................................................................................................... 17 5.2.6.2 Test mode .............................................................................................................................................. 18 6 General conditions of measurement ....................................................................................................... 18 6.1 Conformity testing ............................................................................................................................................ 18 6.2 Test Frequencies ............................................................................................................................................... 18 SIST EN 303 098 V2.2.1:2019

ETSI ETSI EN 303 098 V2.2.1 (2019-02) 4 6.3 Identifier (user ID)............................................................................................................................................ 18 6.4 Artificial Antenna ............................................................................................................................................. 18 6.5 Test signals ....................................................................................................................................................... 19 6.5.0 General ........................................................................................................................................................ 19 6.5.1 Standard test signal number 1 ..................................................................................................................... 19 6.5.2 Standard test signal number 2 ..................................................................................................................... 19 6.5.3 Standard test signal number 3 ..................................................................................................................... 19 6.5.4 Reference timing signal .............................................................................................................................. 19 6.6 Test conditions power sources and ambient temperatures ................................................................................ 19 6.6.1 Normal and extreme test conditions............................................................................................................ 19 6.6.2 Test power source ....................................................................................................................................... 19 6.7 Normal test conditions ...................................................................................................................................... 20 6.7.1 Normal temperature and humidity .............................................................................................................. 20 6.7.2 Normal test voltage ..................................................................................................................................... 20 6.8 Extreme test conditions .................................................................................................................................... 20 6.8.1 Extreme temperatures ................................................................................................................................. 20 6.8.2 Extreme test voltages .................................................................................................................................. 20 6.8.2.1 Upper extreme test voltage .................................................................................................................... 20 6.8.2.2 Lower extreme test voltage ................................................................................................................... 20 7 Environmental tests ................................................................................................................................ 20 7.1 Introduction ...................................................................................................................................................... 20 7.2 Procedure .......................................................................................................................................................... 21 7.3 Performance check ........................................................................................................................................... 21 7.4 Drop test ........................................................................................................................................................... 21 7.4.1 Definition .................................................................................................................................................... 21 7.4.2 Test conditions ............................................................................................................................................ 21 7.4.3 Method of measurement ............................................................................................................................. 21 7.4.4 Requirements .............................................................................................................................................. 21 7.5 Temperature tests ............................................................................................................................................. 22 7.5.1 Definition .................................................................................................................................................... 22 7.5.2 Dry heat test ................................................................................................................................................ 22 7.5.2.1 Method of measurement ........................................................................................................................ 22 7.5.2.2 Requirements ........................................................................................................................................ 22 7.5.3 Damp heat test ............................................................................................................................................ 22 7.5.3.1 Method of measurement ........................................................................................................................ 22 7.5.3.2 Requirements ........................................................................................................................................ 22 7.5.4 Low temperature test .................................................................................................................................. 23 7.5.4.1 Method of measurement ........................................................................................................................ 23 7.5.4.2 Requirements ........................................................................................................................................ 23 7.5.5 Low temperature battery endurance test ..................................................................................................... 23 7.5.5.1 Method of measurement ........................................................................................................................ 23 7.5.5.2 Requirements ........................................................................................................................................ 23 7.6 Vibration test .................................................................................................................................................... 23 7.6.1 Definition .................................................................................................................................................... 23 7.6.2 Method of measurement ............................................................................................................................. 23 7.6.3 Requirement ................................................................................................................................................ 24 7.7 Corrosion test ................................................................................................................................................... 24 7.7.0 Applicability ............................................................................................................................................... 24 7.7.1 Definition .................................................................................................................................................... 24 7.7.2 Method of measurement ............................................................................................................................. 24 7.7.3 Requirements .............................................................................................................................................. 25 7.8 Thermal shock test............................................................................................................................................ 25 7.8.1 Definition .................................................................................................................................................... 25 7.8.2 Method of measurement ............................................................................................................................. 25 7.8.3 Requirements .............................................................................................................................................. 25 7.9 Buoyancy test ................................................................................................................................................... 25 7.9.1 Definition .................................................................................................................................................... 25 7.9.2 Method of measurement ............................................................................................................................. 26 7.9.3 Requirements .............................................................................................................................................. 26 7.10 Compass safe distance test ............................................................................................................................... 26 7.10.1 Definition .................................................................................................................................................... 26 SIST EN 303 098 V2.2.1:2019

ETSI ETSI EN 303 098 V2.2.1 (2019-02) 5 7.10.2 Method of measurement ............................................................................................................................. 26 7.10.3 Requirements .............................................................................................................................................. 27 7.11 Solar radiation test ............................................................................................................................................ 27 7.11.0 Applicability ............................................................................................................................................... 27 7.11.1 Definition .................................................................................................................................................... 27 7.11.2 Method of measurement ............................................................................................................................. 27 7.11.3 Requirements .............................................................................................................................................. 28 7.12 Oil resistance test.............................................................................................................................................. 28 7.12.0 Applicability ............................................................................................................................................... 28 7.12.1 Definition .................................................................................................................................................... 28 7.12.2 Method of measurement ............................................................................................................................. 28 7.12.3 Requirements .............................................................................................................................................. 28 7.13 Protection of the transmitter to immersion ....................................................................................................... 29 7.13.1 Definition .................................................................................................................................................... 29 7.13.2 Method of measurement ............................................................................................................................. 29 7.13.3 Requirement ................................................................................................................................................ 29 8 Tests on the AIS transmitter ................................................................................................................... 29 8.1 Frequency error ................................................................................................................................................ 29 8.1.1 Definition .................................................................................................................................................... 29 8.1.2 Method of measurement ............................................................................................................................. 29 8.1.3 Limit ........................................................................................................................................................... 29 8.2 Conducted Power ............................................................................................................................................. 29 8.2.0 Purpose ....................................................................................................................................................... 29 8.2.1 Definition .................................................................................................................................................... 30 8.2.2 Method of measurement ............................................................................................................................. 30 8.2.3 Limit ........................................................................................................................................................... 30 8.3 Maximum Effective Radiated Power (ERP)..................................................................................................... 30 8.3.1 Definition .................................................................................................................................................... 30 8.3.2 Method of measurement ............................................................................................................................. 30 8.3.3 Limits .......................................................................................................................................................... 31 8.4 Transmitter spectrum mask .............................................................................................................................. 31 8.4.1 Definition .................................................................................................................................................... 31 8.4.2 Method of measurement ............................................................................................................................. 31 8.4.3 Limit ........................................................................................................................................................... 32 8.5 Transmitter transient behaviour (output power) ............................................................................................... 32 8.5.1 Definition .................................................................................................................................................... 32 8.5.2 Method of measurement ............................................................................................................................. 33 8.5.3 Limit ........................................................................................................................................................... 34 8.6 Transmitter Transient Behaviour (frequency deviation) .................................................................................. 34 8.6.1 Definition .................................................................................................................................................... 34 8.6.2 Method of measurement ............................................................................................................................. 34 8.6.3 Limit ........................................................................................................................................................... 35 8.7 Synchronization accuracy ................................................................................................................................. 35 8.7.1 Definition .................................................................................................................................................... 35 8.7.2 Method of measurement ............................................................................................................................. 35 8.7.3 Limit ........................................................................................................................................................... 36 8.8 Spurious emissions ........................................................................................................................................... 37 8.8.1 Definition .................................................................................................................................................... 37 8.8.2 Method of measurement ............................................................................................................................. 37 8.8.3 Limit ........................................................................................................................................................... 37 9 VDL Link layer tests ..........................................................

...

Final draft ETSI EN 303 098 V2.2.1 (2018-12)
HARMONISED EUROPEAN STANDARD
Maritime low power personal locating devices employing AIS;
Harmonised Standard for access to radio spectrum
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
2 Final draft ETSI EN 303 098 V2.2.1 (2018-12)
Reference
REN/ERM-TG26-536
Keywords
harmonised standard, maritime, radio, SAR,
testing
ETSI
650 Route des Lucioles
F-06921 Sophia Antipolis Cedex - FRANCE
Tel.: +33 4 92 94 42 00 Fax: +33 4 93 65 47 16
Siret N° 348 623 562 00017 - NAF 742 C
Association à but non lucratif enregistrée à la
Sous-Préfecture de Grasse (06) N° 7803/88
Important notice
The present document can be downloaded from:
http://www.etsi.org/standards-search

The present document may be made available in electronic versions and/or in print. The content of any electronic and/or

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No part may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying

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The content of the PDF version shall not be modified without the written authorization of ETSI.

The copyright and the foregoing restriction extend to reproduction in all media.
© ETSI 2018.
All rights reserved.
TM TM TM

DECT , PLUGTESTS , UMTS and the ETSI logo are trademarks of ETSI registered for the benefit of its Members.

TM TM

3GPP and LTE are trademarks of ETSI registered for the benefit of its Members and

of the 3GPP Organizational Partners.

oneM2M™ logo is a trademark of ETSI registered for the benefit of its Members and

of the oneM2M Partners.
GSM and the GSM logo are trademarks registered and owned by the GSM Association.
ETSI
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
3 Final draft ETSI EN 303 098 V2.2.1 (2018-12)
Contents

Intellectual Property Rights ................................................................................................................................ 7

Foreword ............................................................................................................................................................. 7

Modal verbs terminology .................................................................................................................................... 7

1 Scope ........................................................................................................................................................ 8

2 References ................................................................................................................................................ 8

2.1 Normative references ......................................................................................................................................... 8

2.2 Informative references ........................................................................................................................................ 9

3 Definition of terms, symbols and abbreviations ....................................................................................... 9

3.1 Terms .................................................................................................................................................................. 9

3.2 Symbols ............................................................................................................................................................ 10

3.3 Abbreviations ................................................................................................................................................... 10

4 General requirements ............................................................................................................................. 10

4.1 Construction ..................................................................................................................................................... 10

4.1.0 General ........................................................................................................................................................ 10

4.1.1 Categories of equipment ............................................................................................................................. 11

4.2 Controls ............................................................................................................................................................ 11

4.3 Indicator(s) ....................................................................................................................................................... 12

4.4 Identifier (user ID)............................................................................................................................................ 12

4.5 Labelling........................................................................................................................................................... 12

4.6 Instructions ....................................................................................................................................................... 12

4.7 Power source .................................................................................................................................................... 13

4.7.1 Battery requirements ................................................................................................................................... 13

4.7.2 Battery capacity .......................................................................................................................................... 13

4.7.3 Safety precautions ....................................................................................................................................... 13

5 Technical requirements .......................................................................................................................... 13

5.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 13

5.2 AIS transmission characteristics ....................................................................................................................... 14

5.2.0 General ........................................................................................................................................................ 14

5.2.1 AIS messages .............................................................................................................................................. 14

5.2.1.0 General .................................................................................................................................................. 14

5.2.1.1 Active mode .......................................................................................................................................... 14

5.2.1.2 Test mode .............................................................................................................................................. 14

5.2.2 Synchronization .......................................................................................................................................... 14

5.2.2.0 General .................................................................................................................................................. 14

5.2.2.1 Active mode .......................................................................................................................................... 15

5.2.2.2 Test transmission ................................................................................................................................... 15

5.2.3 GNSS position source ................................................................................................................................. 15

5.2.3.0 General .................................................................................................................................................. 15

5.2.3.1 Accuracy ............................................................................................................................................... 15

5.2.3.2 Acquisition ............................................................................................................................................ 15

5.2.3.3 Sensitivity and dynamic range .............................................................................................................. 16

5.2.3.4 Effects of specific interfering signals .................................................................................................... 16

5.2.3.5 UTC....................................................................................................................................................... 16

5.2.3.6 UTC parameters storage ........................................................................................................................ 16

5.2.4 Required settings ........................................................................................................................................ 16

5.2.5 Minimum transmitter performance characteristics ..................................................................................... 17

5.2.6 VHF Data Link (VDL) Access ................................................................................................................... 17

5.2.6.0 General .................................................................................................................................................. 17

5.2.6.1 Active mode .......................................................................................................................................... 17

5.2.6.2 Test mode .............................................................................................................................................. 18

6 General conditions of measurement ....................................................................................................... 18

6.1 Conformity testing ............................................................................................................................................ 18

6.2 Test Frequencies ............................................................................................................................................... 18

ETSI
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
4 Final draft ETSI EN 303 098 V2.2.1 (2018-12)

6.3 Identifier (user ID)............................................................................................................................................ 18

6.4 Artificial Antenna ............................................................................................................................................. 18

6.5 Test signals ....................................................................................................................................................... 19

6.5.0 General ........................................................................................................................................................ 19

6.5.1 Standard test signal number 1 ..................................................................................................................... 19

6.5.2 Standard test signal number 2 ..................................................................................................................... 19

6.5.3 Standard test signal number 3 ..................................................................................................................... 19

6.5.4 Reference timing signal .............................................................................................................................. 19

6.6 Test conditions power sources and ambient te mperature s ................................................................................ 19

6.6.1 Normal and extreme test conditions............................................................................................................ 19

6.6.2 Test power source ....................................................................................................................................... 19

6.7 Normal test conditions ...................................................................................................................................... 20

6.7.1 Normal temperature and humidity .............................................................................................................. 20

6.7.2 Normal test voltage ..................................................................................................................................... 20

6.8 Extreme test conditions .................................................................................................................................... 20

6.8.1 Extreme temperatures ................................................................................................................................. 20

6.8.2 Extreme test voltages .................................................................................................................................. 20

6.8.2.1 Upper extreme test voltage .................................................................................................................... 20

6.8.2.2 Lower extreme test voltage ................................................................................................................... 20

7 Environmental tests ................................................................................................................................ 20

7.1 Introduction ...................................................................................................................................................... 20

7.2 Procedure .......................................................................................................................................................... 21

7.3 Performance check ........................................................................................................................................... 21

7.4 Drop test ........................................................................................................................................................... 21

7.4.1 Definition .................................................................................................................................................... 21

7.4.2 Test conditions ............................................................................................................................................ 21

7.4.3 Method of measurement ............................................................................................................................. 21

7.4.4 Requirements .............................................................................................................................................. 21

7.5 Temperature tests ............................................................................................................................................. 22

7.5.1 Definition .................................................................................................................................................... 22

7.5.2 Dry heat test ................................................................................................................................................ 22

7.5.2.1 Method of measurement ........................................................................................................................ 22

7.5.2.2 Requirements ........................................................................................................................................ 22

7.5.3 Damp heat test ............................................................................................................................................ 22

7.5.3.1 Method of measurement ........................................................................................................................ 22

7.5.3.2 Requirements ........................................................................................................................................ 22

7.5.4 Low temperature test .................................................................................................................................. 23

7.5.4.1 Method of measurement ........................................................................................................................ 23

7.5.4.2 Requirements ........................................................................................................................................ 23

7.5.5 Low temperature battery endurance test ..................................................................................................... 23

7.5.5.1 Method of measurement ........................................................................................................................ 23

7.5.5.2 Requirements ........................................................................................................................................ 23

7.6 Vibration test .................................................................................................................................................... 23

7.6.1 Definition .................................................................................................................................................... 23

7.6.2 Method of measurement ............................................................................................................................. 23

7.6.3 Requirement ................................................................................................................................................ 24

7.7 Corrosion test ................................................................................................................................................... 24

7.7.0 Applicability ............................................................................................................................................... 24

7.7.1 Definition .................................................................................................................................................... 24

7.7.2 Method of measurement ............................................................................................................................. 24

7.7.3 Requirements .............................................................................................................................................. 25

7.8 Thermal shock test............................................................................................................................................ 25

7.8.1 Definition .................................................................................................................................................... 25

7.8.2 Method of measurement ............................................................................................................................. 25

7.8.3 Requirements .............................................................................................................................................. 25

7.9 Buoyancy test ................................................................................................................................................... 25

7.9.1 Definition .................................................................................................................................................... 25

7.9.2 Method of measurement ............................................................................................................................. 26

7.9.3 Requirements .............................................................................................................................................. 26

7.10 Compass safe distance test ............................................................................................................................... 26

7.10.1 Definition .................................................................................................................................................... 26

ETSI
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5 Final draft ETSI EN 303 098 V2.2.1 (2018-12)

7.10.2 Method of measurement ............................................................................................................................. 26

7.10.3 Requirements .............................................................................................................................................. 27

7.11 Solar radiation test ............................................................................................................................................ 27

7.11.0 Applicability ............................................................................................................................................... 27

7.11.1 Definition .................................................................................................................................................... 27

7.11.2 Method of measurement ............................................................................................................................. 27

7.11.3 Requirements .............................................................................................................................................. 28

7.12 Oil resistance test.............................................................................................................................................. 28

7.12.0 Applicability ............................................................................................................................................... 28

7.12.1 Definition .................................................................................................................................................... 28

7.12.2 Method of measurement ............................................................................................................................. 28

7.12.3 Requirements .............................................................................................................................................. 28

7.13 Protection of the transmitter to immersion ....................................................................................................... 29

7.13.1 Definition .................................................................................................................................................... 29

7.13.2 Method of measurement ............................................................................................................................. 29

7.13.3 Requirement ................................................................................................................................................ 29

8 Tests on the AIS transmitter ................................................................................................................... 29

8.1 Frequency error ................................................................................................................................................ 29

8.1.1 Definition .................................................................................................................................................... 29

8.1.2 Method of measurement ............................................................................................................................. 29

8.1.3 Limit ........................................................................................................................................................... 29

8.2 Conducted Power ............................................................................................................................................. 29

8.2.0 Purpose ....................................................................................................................................................... 29

8.2.1 Definition .................................................................................................................................................... 30

8.2.2 Method of measurement ............................................................................................................................. 30

8.2.3 Limit ........................................................................................................................................................... 30

8.3 Maximum Effective Radiated Power (ERP)..................................................................................................... 30

8.3.1 Definition .................................................................................................................................................... 30

8.3.2 Method of measurement ............................................................................................................................. 30

8.3.3 Limits .......................................................................................................................................................... 31

8.4 Transmitter spectrum mask .............................................................................................................................. 31

8.4.1 Definition .................................................................................................................................................... 31

8.4.2 Method of measurement ............................................................................................................................. 31

8.4.3 Limit ........................................................................................................................................................... 32

8.5 Transmitter transient behaviour (output power) ............................................................................................... 32

8.5.1 Definition .................................................................................................................................................... 32

8.5.2 Method of measurement ............................................................................................................................. 33

8.5.3 Limit ........................................................................................................................................................... 34

8.6 Transmitter Transient Behaviour (frequency deviation) .................................................................................. 34

8.6.1 Definition .................................................................................................................................................... 34

8.6.2 Method of measurement ............................................................................................................................. 34

8.6.3 Limit ........................................................................................................................................................... 35

8.7 Synchronization accuracy ................................................................................................................................. 35

8.7.1 Definition .................................................................................................................................................... 35

8.7.2 Method of measurement ............................................................................................................................. 35

8.7.3 Limit ........................................................................................................................................................... 36

8.8 Spurious emissions ........................................................................................................................................... 37

8.8.1 Definition .................................................................................................................................................... 37

8.8.2 Method of measurement ............................................................................................................................. 37

8.8.3 Limit ........................................................................................................................................................... 37

9 VDL Link layer tests .............................................................................................................................. 37

9.1 Active mode tests .................................................
...

Draft ETSI EN 303 098 V2.2.0 (2017-05)
HARMONISED EUROPEAN STANDARD
Maritime low power personal locating devices employing AIS;
Harmonised Standard covering the essential requirements
of article 3.2 of Directive 2014/53/EU
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
2 Draft ETSI EN 303 098 V2.2.0 (2017-05)
Reference
REN/ERM-TG26-536
Keywords
harmonised standard, maritime, radio, SAR,
testing
ETSI
650 Route des Lucioles
F-06921 Sophia Antipolis Cedex - FRANCE
Tel.: +33 4 92 94 42 00 Fax: +33 4 93 65 47 16
Siret N° 348 623 562 00017 - NAF 742 C
Association à but non lucratif enregistrée à la
Sous-Préfecture de Grasse (06) N° 7803/88
Important notice
The present document can be downloaded from:
http://www.etsi.org/standards-search

The present document may be made available in electronic versions and/or in print. The content of any electronic and/or

print versions of the present document shall not be modified without the prior written authorization of ETSI. In case of any

existing or perceived difference in contents between such versions and/or in print, the only prevailing document is the

print of the Portable Document Format (PDF) version kept on a specific network drive within ETSI Secretariat.

Users of the present document should be aware that the document may be subject to revision or change of status.

Information on the current status of this and other ETSI documents is available at

https://portal.etsi.org/TB/ETSIDeliverableStatus.aspx

If you find errors in the present document, please send your comment to one of the following services:

https://portal.etsi.org/People/CommiteeSupportStaff.aspx
Copyright Notification

No part may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying

and microfilm except as authorized by written permission of ETSI.

The content of the PDF version shall not be modified without the written authorization of ETSI.

The copyright and the foregoing restriction extend to reproduction in all media.
© European Telecommunications Standards Institute 2017.
All rights reserved.
TM TM TM

DECT , PLUGTESTS , UMTS and the ETSI logo are Trade Marks of ETSI registered for the benefit of its Members.

3GPP and LTE™ are Trade Marks of ETSI registered for the benefit of its Members and

of the 3GPP Organizational Partners.
oneM2M logo is protected for the benefit of its Members

GSM® and the GSM logo are Trade Marks registered and owned by the GSM Association.

ETSI
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
3 Draft ETSI EN 303 098 V2.2.0 (2017-05)
Contents

Intellectual Property Rights ................................................................................................................................ 7

Foreword ............................................................................................................................................................. 7

Modal verbs terminology .................................................................................................................................... 7

1 Scope ........................................................................................................................................................ 8

2 References ................................................................................................................................................ 8

2.1 Normative references ......................................................................................................................................... 8

2.2 Informative references ........................................................................................................................................ 9

3 Definitions, symbols and abbreviations ................................................................................................... 9

3.1 Definitions .......................................................................................................................................................... 9

3.2 Symbols .............................................................................................................................................................. 9

3.3 Abbreviations ................................................................................................................................................... 10

4 General requirements ............................................................................................................................. 10

4.1 Construction ..................................................................................................................................................... 10

4.1.0 General ........................................................................................................................................................ 10

4.1.1 Categories of equipment ............................................................................................................................. 11

4.2 Controls ............................................................................................................................................................ 11

4.3 Indicators .......................................................................................................................................................... 11

4.4 Identifier (user ID)............................................................................................................................................ 12

4.5 Labelling........................................................................................................................................................... 12

4.6 Instructions ....................................................................................................................................................... 12

4.7 Power source .................................................................................................................................................... 12

4.7.1 Battery requirements ................................................................................................................................... 12

4.7.2 Battery capacity .......................................................................................................................................... 13

4.7.3 Safety precautions ....................................................................................................................................... 13

5 Technical requirements .......................................................................................................................... 13

5.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 13

5.2 AIS transmission characteristics ....................................................................................................................... 14

5.2.0 General ........................................................................................................................................................ 14

5.2.1 AIS messages .............................................................................................................................................. 14

5.2.1.0 General .................................................................................................................................................. 14

5.2.1.1 Active mode .......................................................................................................................................... 14

5.2.1.2 Test mode .............................................................................................................................................. 14

5.2.2 Synchronization .......................................................................................................................................... 14

5.2.2.0 General .................................................................................................................................................. 14

5.2.2.1 Active mode .......................................................................................................................................... 14

5.2.2.2 Test mode .............................................................................................................................................. 15

5.2.3 GNSS position source ................................................................................................................................. 15

5.2.3.0 General .................................................................................................................................................. 15

5.2.3.1 UTC....................................................................................................................................................... 15

5.2.3.2 UTC parameters storage ........................................................................................................................ 15

5.2.4 Required settings ........................................................................................................................................ 15

5.2.5 Minimum transmitter performance characteristics ..................................................................................... 16

5.2.6 VHF Data Link (VDL) Access ................................................................................................................... 17

5.2.6.0 General .................................................................................................................................................. 17

5.2.6.1 Active mode .......................................................................................................................................... 17

5.2.6.2 Test mode .............................................................................................................................................. 17

6 General conditions of measurement ....................................................................................................... 17

6.1 Conformity testing ............................................................................................................................................ 17

6.2 Test Frequencies ............................................................................................................................................... 18

6.3 Identifier (user ID)............................................................................................................................................ 18

6.4 Artificial Antenna ............................................................................................................................................. 18

6.5 Test signals ....................................................................................................................................................... 18

6.5.0 General ........................................................................................................................................................ 18

ETSI
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
4 Draft ETSI EN 303 098 V2.2.0 (2017-05)

6.5.1 Standard test signal number 1 ..................................................................................................................... 18

6.5.2 Standard test signal number 2 ..................................................................................................................... 18

6.5.3 Standard test signal number 3 ..................................................................................................................... 18

6.5.4 Reference timing signal .............................................................................................................................. 18

6.6 Test conditions power sources and ambient te mperature s ................................................................................ 19

6.6.1 Normal and extreme test conditions............................................................................................................ 19

6.6.2 Test power source ....................................................................................................................................... 19

6.7 Normal test conditions ...................................................................................................................................... 19

6.7.1 Normal temperature and humidity .............................................................................................................. 19

6.7.2 Normal test voltage ..................................................................................................................................... 19

6.8 Extreme test conditions .................................................................................................................................... 19

6.8.1 Extreme temperatures ................................................................................................................................. 19

6.8.2 Extreme test voltages .................................................................................................................................. 19

6.8.2.1 Upper extreme test voltage .................................................................................................................... 19

6.8.2.2 Lower extreme test voltage ................................................................................................................... 20

7 Environmental tests ................................................................................................................................ 20

7.1 Introduction ...................................................................................................................................................... 20

7.2 Procedure .......................................................................................................................................................... 20

7.3 Performance check ........................................................................................................................................... 20

7.4 Drop test ........................................................................................................................................................... 20

7.4.1 Definition .................................................................................................................................................... 20

7.4.2 Test conditions ............................................................................................................................................ 20

7.4.3 Method of measurement ............................................................................................................................. 21

7.4.4 Requirements .............................................................................................................................................. 21

7.5 Temperature tests ............................................................................................................................................. 21

7.5.1 Definition .................................................................................................................................................... 21

7.5.2 Dry heat test ................................................................................................................................................ 21

7.5.2.1 Method of measurement ........................................................................................................................ 21

7.5.2.2 Requirements ........................................................................................................................................ 21

7.5.3 Damp heat test ............................................................................................................................................ 22

7.5.3.1 Method of measurement ........................................................................................................................ 22

7.5.3.2 Requirements ........................................................................................................................................ 22

7.5.4 Low temperature test .................................................................................................................................. 22

7.5.4.1 Method of measurement ........................................................................................................................ 22

7.5.4.2 Requirements ........................................................................................................................................ 22

7.5.5 Low temperature battery endurance test ..................................................................................................... 22

7.5.5.1 Method of measurement ........................................................................................................................ 22

7.5.5.2 Requirements ........................................................................................................................................ 23

7.6 Vibration test .................................................................................................................................................... 23

7.6.1 Definition .................................................................................................................................................... 23

7.6.2 Method of measurement ............................................................................................................................. 23

7.6.3 Requirement ................................................................................................................................................ 23

7.7 Corrosion test ................................................................................................................................................... 24

7.7.1 Definition .................................................................................................................................................... 24

7.7.2 Method of measurement ............................................................................................................................. 24

7.7.3 Requirements .............................................................................................................................................. 24

7.8 Thermal shock test............................................................................................................................................ 25

7.8.1 Definition .................................................................................................................................................... 25

7.8.2 Method of measurement ............................................................................................................................. 25

7.8.3 Requirements .............................................................................................................................................. 25

7.9 Buoyancy test ................................................................................................................................................... 25

7.9.1 Definition .................................................................................................................................................... 25

7.9.2 Method of measurement ............................................................................................................................. 25

7.9.3 Requirements .............................................................................................................................................. 25

7.10 Compass safe distance test ............................................................................................................................... 26

7.10.1 Definition .................................................................................................................................................... 26

7.10.2 Method of measurement ............................................................................................................................. 26

7.10.3 Requirements .............................................................................................................................................. 26

7.11 Solar radiation test ............................................................................................................................................ 27

7.11.0 Applicability ............................................................................................................................................... 27

7.11.1 Definition .................................................................................................................................................... 27

ETSI
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
5 Draft ETSI EN 303 098 V2.2.0 (2017-05)

7.11.2 Method of measurement ............................................................................................................................. 27

7.11.3 Requirements .............................................................................................................................................. 27

7.12 Oil resistance test.............................................................................................................................................. 27

7.12.0 Applicability ............................................................................................................................................... 27

7.12.1 Definition .................................................................................................................................................... 27

7.12.2 Method of measurement ............................................................................................................................. 27

7.12.3 Requirements .............................................................................................................................................. 28

7.13 Protection of the transmitter ............................................................................................................................. 28

7.13.1 Definition .................................................................................................................................................... 28

7.13.2 Method of measurement ............................................................................................................................. 28

7.13.3 Requirement ................................................................................................................................................ 28

8 Tests on the AIS transmitter ................................................................................................................... 28

8.1 Frequency error ................................................................................................................................................ 28

8.1.1 Definition .................................................................................................................................................... 28

8.1.2 Method of measurement ............................................................................................................................. 29

8.1.3 Limit ........................................................................................................................................................... 29

8.2 Conducted Power ............................................................................................................................................. 29

8.2.0 Purpose ....................................................................................................................................................... 29

8.2.1 Definition .................................................................................................................................................... 29

8.2.2 Method of measurement under normal test conditions ............................................................................... 29

8.2.3 Limit ........................................................................................................................................................... 29

8.3 Maximum Effective Radiated Power (ERP)..................................................................................................... 29

8.3.1 Definition .................................................................................................................................................... 29

8.3.2 Method of measurement ............................................................................................................................. 30

8.3.3 Limits .......................................................................................................................................................... 30

8.4 Transmitter spectrum mask .............................................................................................................................. 30

8.4.1 Definition .................................................................................................................................................... 30

8.4.2 Method of measurement ............................................................................................................................. 30

8.4.3 Limit ........................................................................................................................................................... 31

8.5 Transmitter transient behaviour (output power) ............................................................................................... 31

8.5.1 Definition .................................................................................................................................................... 31

8.5.2 Method of measurement ............................................................................................................................. 32

8.5.3 Limit ........................................................................................................................................................... 33

8.6 Transmitter Transient Behaviour (frequency deviation) .................................................................................. 33

8.6.1 Definition .................................................................................................................................................... 33

8.6.2 Method of measurement ............................................................................................................................. 33

8.6.3 Limit ........................................................................................................................................................... 34

8.7 Synchronization accuracy ................................................................................................................................. 34

8.7.1 Definition .................................................................................................................................................... 34

8.7.2 Method of measurement ............................................................................................................................. 34

8.7.3 Limit ........................................................................................................................................................... 35

8.8 Spurious emissions ........................................................................................................................................... 36

8.8.1 Definition .................................................................................................................................................... 36

8.8.2 Method of measurement ............................................................................................................................. 36

8.8.3 Limit ........................................................................................................................................................... 36

9 VDL Link layer tests .............................................................................................................................. 36

9.1 Active mode tests ............................................................................................................................................. 36

9.1.0 Precaution ................................................................................................................................................... 36

9.1.1 Method of measurement ............................................................................................................................. 36

9.1.2 Initialization period - Required results........................................................................................................ 37

9.1.3 Message content of Message 1 - Required results ...................................................................................... 37

9.1.4 Message content of Message 14 - Required results .............
...

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