Child care articles - Bathing aids - Safety requirements and test methods

This European Standard specifies safety requirements and test methods for stand-alone bathing aids.
This European Standard does not cover bathing aids and bath rings designed for children with special needs.
NOTE 1   Non stand-alone bathing aids that are intended to be used in conjunction with a child’s bath tub are covered in WI 00252100, Child use and care articles - Bath tubs for children.
NOTE 2    If the product has several functions or can be converted into another function, the relevant European Standards apply.

Artikel für Säuglinge und Kleinkinder - Badehilfen - Sicherheitsanforderungen und Prüfverfahren

Dieses Dokument legt Sicherheitsanforderungen und Prüfverfahren für freistehende Badehilfen fest, die für die Nutzung in einer Badewanne vorgesehen sind.
Diese Europäische Norm gilt nicht für Badehilfen, welche für Kinder mit besonderen Bedürfnissen konzipiert sind.
Badehilfen, welche nur für eine Nutzung in Verbindung mit einer Kinderbadewanne vorgesehen sind, werden in dieser Norm nicht behandelt.
ANMERKUNG 1   Nicht freistehende Badehilfen, welche nur für eine Nutzung in Verbindung mit einer Kinderbade-wanne vorgesehen sind, werden in EN 17072:2018, Artikel für Säuglinge und Kleinkinder — Badewannen, Gestelle und nicht freistehende Badehilfen — Sicherheitsanforderungen und Prüfverfahren, behandelt.
ANMERKUNG 2   Wenn das Produkt unterschiedliche Funktionen hat oder in eine andere Funktion umgewandelt werden kann, muss es mit der (den) entsprechenden Norm(en) übereinstimmen.

Articles de puériculture - Aides au bain - Exigences de sécurité et méthodes d'essai

Le présent document spécifie les exigences de sécurité et les méthodes d’essai relatives aux aides au bain non intégrées destinées à être utilisées dans une baignoire.
La présente Norme européenne ne couvre pas les aides au bain destinées aux enfants ayant des besoins particuliers.
Les aides au bain destinées à être utilisées uniquement en conjonction avec une baignoire pour enfant ne sont pas couvertes par la présente norme.
NOTE 1   Les aides au bain non indépendantes destinées à être utilisées uniquement en conjonction avec une baignoire pour enfant sont couvertes par le FprEN 17072:2018, Articles de puériculture - Baignoires, supports et aides au bain non indépendantes - Exigences de sécurité et méthodes d’essai.
NOTE 2   Quand le produit possède plusieurs fonctions ou peut être converti en une autre fonction, la ou les normes applicables doivent être respectées.

Izdelki za otroke - Kopalni pripomočki - Varnostne zahteve in preskusne metode

Ta evropski standard določa varnostne zahteve in preskusne metode za samostojne kopalne pripomočke.
Ta evropski standard ne zajema kopalnih pripomočkov in kopalnih obročev, namenjenih otrokom s posebnimi potrebami.
OPOMBA 1: Kopalni pripomočki, ki se ne uporabljajo samostojno, ampak v povezavi z otroško kopalno kadjo, so zajeti v standardu WI 00252100, Izdelki za otroke - Kopalne kadi za otroke.
OPOMBA 2: Če ima izdelek več funkcij ali je mogoče njegovo funkcijo spremeniti, zanj veljajo zadevni evropski standardi.

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
04-Apr-2017
Publication Date
08-Jan-2019
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
21-Dec-2018
Due Date
25-Feb-2019
Completion Date
09-Jan-2019

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 17022:2019
01-februar-2019
,]GHONL]DRWURNH.RSDOQLSULSRPRþNL9DUQRVWQH]DKWHYHLQSUHVNXVQHPHWRGH
Child care articles - Bathing aids - Safety requirements and test methods

Artikel für Säuglinge und Kleinkinder - Badehilfen - Sicherheitsanforderungen und

Prüfverfahren

Articles de puériculture - Aides au bain - Exigences de sécurité et méthodes d'essai

Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 17022:2018
ICS:
97.190 Otroška oprema Equipment for children
SIST EN 17022:2019 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN 17022:2019
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SIST EN 17022:2019
EN 17022
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
November 2018
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 97.190
English Version
Child care articles - Bathing aids - Safety requirements and
test methods

Articles de puériculture - Aides au bain - Exigences de Artikel für Säuglinge und Kleinkinder - Badehilfen -

sécurité et méthodes d'essai Sicherheitsanforderungen und Prüfverfahren
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 19 October 2018.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2018 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 17022:2018 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN 17022:2019
EN 17022:2018 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 4

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 5

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 5

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 5

4 Test equipment ................................................................................................................................................ 7

4.1 Test probes for finger entrapment ........................................................................................................... 7

4.1.1 Test probes with hemispherical end ........................................................................................................ 7

4.1.2 Shape assessment probe .............................................................................................................................. 8

4.2 Test masses ....................................................................................................................................................... 8

4.2.1 Test mass A ........................................................................................................................................................ 8

4.2.2 Test mass B ........................................................................................................................................................ 9

4.3 Small parts cylinder .................................................................................................................................... 11

4.4 Feeler gauge ................................................................................................................................................... 11

4.5 Test glass surface ......................................................................................................................................... 11

4.6 Test surface for drop test .......................................................................................................................... 11

4.7 Test bar ............................................................................................................................................................ 12

4.8 Leg opening probe ....................................................................................................................................... 12

5 General requirements ................................................................................................................................ 12

5.1 Product conditioning .................................................................................................................................. 12

5.2 Test conditions .............................................................................................................................................. 12

5.3 Application of forces ................................................................................................................................... 12

5.4 Tolerances ...................................................................................................................................................... 12

5.5 Order of test ................................................................................................................................................... 13

6 Chemical hazards (see A.2) - Migration of certain elements ........................................................ 13

7 Mechanical hazards (see A.4) .................................................................................................................. 13

7.1 Protective function ...................................................................................................................................... 13

7.1.1 Requirements for bath cradles ............................................................................................................... 13

7.1.2 Test method for bath cradles ................................................................................................................... 14

7.1.3 Requirements for bath seats .................................................................................................................... 15

7.1.4 Test methods for bath seats ..................................................................................................................... 15

7.2 Hazards due to folding or dismantling of the product .................................................................... 16

7.2.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 16

7.2.2 Unintentional release of locking mechanism(s) ............................................................................... 16

7.2.3 Test method for the durability of the locking mechanisms .......................................................... 17

7.3 Entrapment hazards.................................................................................................................................... 17

7.3.1 Entrapment of fingers ................................................................................................................................. 17

7.4 Hazards due to moving parts ................................................................................................................... 17

7.4.1 Requirements for compression points ................................................................................................. 17

7.4.2 Requirements for shear points ............................................................................................................... 17

7.5 Entanglement hazards ................................................................................................................................ 18

7.5.1 Requirements ................................................................................................................................................ 18

7.5.2 Test method ................................................................................................................................................... 19

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7.6 Choking and ingestion hazards ................................................................................................................ 19

7.6.1 Requirements ................................................................................................................................................. 19

7.6.2 Test methods .................................................................................................................................................. 19

7.7 Suffocation hazards...................................................................................................................................... 20

7.7.1 Plastic packaging .......................................................................................................................................... 20

7.7.2 Plastic decals .................................................................................................................................................. 20

7.8 Hazardous edges, corners and protruding parts .............................................................................. 20

7.9 Hazards from inadequate structural integrity ................................................................................... 20

7.9.1 Endurance test of the attachment device(s) ....................................................................................... 20

7.9.2 Static strength of bath cradles ................................................................................................................. 21

7.9.3 Strength of movable parts ......................................................................................................................... 22

7.9.4 Strength and retention of suction cups ................................................................................................. 23

7.9.5 Drop test .......................................................................................................................................................... 23

7.10 Hazards due to inadequate stability ...................................................................................................... 23

7.10.1 Stability of bath seats .................................................................................................................................. 23

7.10.2 Stability of bath cradles .............................................................................................................................. 24

8 Product information (see A.5) ................................................................................................................. 25

8.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 25

8.2 Marking of the product ............................................................................................................................... 25

8.2.1 Requirements ................................................................................................................................................. 25

8.2.2 Durability of markings ................................................................................................................................ 26

8.2.3 Test method for durability of markings ............................................................................................... 26

8.2.4 Determination of maximum level of water for bath cradles ......................................................... 27

8.3 Purchase information ................................................................................................................................. 27

8.4 Instructions for use ...................................................................................................................................... 28

Annex A (informative) Rationales ....................................................................................................................... 30

A.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 30

A.2 Chemical hazards (see Clause 6) ............................................................................................................. 30

A.3 Thermal hazards ........................................................................................................................................... 30

A.4 Mechanical hazards (see Clause 7) ......................................................................................................... 30

A.4.1 Protective function ....................................................................................................................................... 30

A.4.2 Entrapment hazards .................................................................................................................................... 30

A.4.3 Hazards due to moving parts .................................................................................................................... 31

A.4.4 Entanglement hazards ................................................................................................................................ 31

A.4.5 Choking and ingestion hazards ................................................................................................................ 31

A.4.6 Suffocation hazards...................................................................................................................................... 31

A.4.7 Hazardous edges, corners and protruding parts .............................................................................. 31

A.4.8 Hazards from inadequate structural integrity ................................................................................... 31

A.4.9 Hazards due to inadequate stability ...................................................................................................... 31

A.5 Product information (see Clause 8) ....................................................................................................... 32

Annex B (normative) Warnings ............................................................................................................................ 33

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 47

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EN 17022:2018 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN 17022:2018) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 252, “Child care

articles”, the secretariat of which is held by AFNOR.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by May 2019, and conflicting national standards shall be

withdrawn at the latest by May 2019.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document has been prepared under Mandate M/464 given to CEN by the European Commission

and the European Free Trade Association.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organisations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia,

France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta,

Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and the United Kingdom.
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SIST EN 17022:2019
EN 17022:2018 (E)
1 Scope

This document specifies safety requirements and test methods for standalone bathing aids intended to

be used in a bath tub.

This European Standard does not cover bathing aids designed for children with special needs.

Bathing aids that are intended to be used only in conjunction with a child’s bath tub are not covered by

this standard.

NOTE 1 Non-standalone bathing aids that are intended to be used only in conjunction with a child’s bath tub

are covered in EN 17072:2018, Child care articles - Bath tubs, stands and non-standalone bathing aids — Safety

requirements and test methods.

NOTE 2 Where the product has several functions or can be converted into another function it is due to comply

with relevant standard(s).
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

EN 71-3, Safety of toys — Part 3: Migration of certain elements

ISO 7619-1, Rubber, vulcanized or thermoplastic — Determination of indentation hardness — Part 1:

Durometer method (Shore hardness)
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/
— ISO Online browsing platform: available at http://www.iso.org/obp
3.1
standalone bathing aid

product, that does not provide containment of water by itself and that does not require a child’s bath

tub to stand

Note 1 to entry: Figure 1a) shows an example of a standalone bathing aid; Figure 1b) shows an example of a

non-standalone bathing aid.
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EN 17022:2018 (E)
1a) examples of standalone bathing aids
1b) example of a nonstandalone bathing aid
Key
A standalone bath cradle
B standalone bath seat
C non-standalone bathing aid
D child’s bath tub
Figure 1 — Examples of standalone and non-standalone bathing aids
3.1.1
bath cradle

standalone bathing aid designed to keep a child in a reclined position during bathing

Note 1 to entry: These products are intended for use from birth and until the child is able to sit upright

unassisted.
3.1.2
bath seat

standalone bathing aid designed to keep a child in a seated position during bathing

Note 1 to entry: These products are intended for use with a child who is able to sit upright unassisted and until

the child begins pulling up to a standing position.
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EN 17022:2018 (E)
3.2
attachment device
device to secure the product to the bath tub
EXAMPLE Suction cup.
4 Test equipment
4.1 Test probes for finger entrapment
4.1.1 Test probes with hemispherical end
0 +01,
Probes made from plastic or other hard, smooth material of diameters mm and mm
7 12
( −01, ) ( 0 )

with a full hemispherical end that can be mounted on a force-measuring device, see Figure 2.

Mesh probe made from plastic or other hard, smooth material as shown in Figure 3.

Dimensions in millimetres
Key
Probe type 7 mm probe 12 mm probe
0 +01,
Diameter A
-0,1
Radius RB half of diameter A half of diameter A
1 Line scribed around circumference showing depth of penetration
Figure 2 — Test probes with hemispherical end
Dimensions in millimetres
Key
Probe type Mesh probe
Diameter A 0
−01,
Diameter B 0
5,6
−01,
Radius RB half of diameter B
Figure 3 — Test probe for mesh
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EN 17022:2018 (E)
4.1.2 Shape assessment probe

Probe made from plastics or other hard, smooth material with the dimensions shown in Figure 4.

Dimensions in millimetres
Key
A front view
B top view
C side view
D 3D view
Figure 4 — Shape assessment probe
4.2 Test masses
4.2.1 Test mass A

A rigid cylinder (160 ± 5) mm in diameter and (300 ± 5) mm in height, having a mass of 9 kg and with

its centre of gravity in the centre of the cylinder. All edges shall have a radius of (5 ± 1) mm. Two

anchorage points shall be provided. These shall be positioned (150 ± 2,5) mm from the base and at 180°

to each other around the circumference (Figure 5).
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SIST EN 17022:2019
EN 17022:2018 (E)
Dimensions in millimetres
Key
1 radius: (5 ± 1) mm
2 anchorage points
Figure 5 — Test mass A
4.2.2 Test mass B

A rigid cylinder (200 ± 5) mm in diameter and (300 ± 5) mm in height, having a mass of 15 kg and with

its centre of gravity in the centre of the cylinder. All edges shall have a radius of (5 ± 1) mm. Two

anchorage points shall be provided. These shall be positioned (150 ± 2,5) mm from the base and at 180°

to each other around the circumference (Figure 6).
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EN 17022:2018 (E)
Dimensions in millimetres
Key
1 radius: (5 ± 1) mm
2 two anchorage points
Figure 6 — Test mass B
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EN 17022:2018 (E)
4.3 Small parts cylinder

Cylinder for the assessment of small components, having dimensions in accordance with Figure 7.

Dimension in millimetres
Figure 7 — Small parts cylinder
4.4 Feeler gauge

Gauge with a thickness of (0,4 ± 0,02) mm and an insertion edge radius of (3 ± 0,5) mm (Figure 8).

Dimensions in millimetres
Figure 8 — Feeler gauge
4.5 Test glass surface

A rigid plane covered with uncoated tempered float glass that has a smooth surface and thickness of

6 mm.
4.6 Test surface for drop test

A 4 mm thick steel plate with a 2 mm thick rubber mat, with hardness (75 ± 10) Shore A according to

ISO 7619-1, and which is placed on a non-flexible horizontal surface.
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EN 17022:2018 (E)
4.7 Test bar

Square aluminium tube with sides 16 mm ± 1 mm, thickness 1,30 mm ± 0,5 mm and length

500 mm ± 5 mm.
4.8 Leg opening probe

A rigid cylinder made of a hard smooth material, ( 90 ) mm in diameter and (200 ± 1) mm in length.

5 General requirements
5.1 Product conditioning

Products containing vulcanized rubber and thermoplastic elastomer parts (but not silicone parts) shall

be artificially aged for seven days in an aerated drying cabinet at a temperature of (70 ± 2) °C.

All products shall be conditioned for at least 40 h, in a standard atmosphere at a temperature of

(23 ± 2) °C and relative humidity of (50 ± 5) %.
5.2 Test conditions
The tests shall be carried out at a temperature of (23 ± 5) °C.

The tests are designed to be applied to a product that is fully assembled according to the manufacturer’s

instructions and ready for use.

If the instructions allow for different adjustments or configurations of components, the most onerous

combination shall be used for each test, unless otherwise specified in the test method.

Unless otherwise specified in the test method, all tests shall be carried out in dry condition (i.e. product

and test surfaces not wet).
5.3 Application of forces

The forces in the static load tests shall be applied sufficiently slowly to ensure that negligible dynamic

force is applied.
5.4 Tolerances
Unless otherwise stated, the following tolerances apply:
— Forces: ±5 % of the nominal force;
— Masses: ±0,5 % of the nominal mass;
— Dimensions: ±1,0 mm;
— Angles: ±2°;
— Positioning of loading pads: ±5 mm;
— Duration of forces: ±1 s.

The tests are described in terms of the application of forces. Masses can however be used: 1 kg mass

may be used for 10 N force.

Unless otherwise specified, the test forces may be applied by any suitable device which does not

adversely affect the results.
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5.5 Order of test

Unless otherwise stated, the requirements of Clause 7 shall be assessed on the same product in the

order listed in this standard.
6 Chemical hazards (see A.2) - Migration of certain elements

The migration of elements from materials on exterior surfaces shall not exceed the limits listed below:

Element mg/kg
Aluminium 70 000
Antimony 560
Arsenic 47
Barium 18 750
Boron 15 000
Cadmium 17
Chromium (III) 460
Chromium (VI) 0,2
Cobalt 130
Copper 7 700
Lead 23
Manganese 15 000
Mercury 94
Nickel 930
Selenium 460
Strontium 56 000
Tin 180 000
Organic tin 12
Zinc 46 000
When testing is performed, the method described in EN 71-3 shall be used.
A separate sample may be used for these tests.
7 Mechanical hazards (see A.4)
7.1 Protective function
7.1.1 Requirements for bath cradles
Bath cradles shall have a distance H > 50 mm measured in accordance with 7.1.2.

Bath cradles shall have a length not less than 380 mm measured in accordance with 7.1.2.

No harness shall be provided as a child restraint system.
Inflatable bath cradles are not allowed.
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EN 17022:2018 (E)
7.1.2 Test method for bath cradles

Place the bath cradle on flat rigid horizontal surface according to the manufacturer’s instructions.

Position test mass A (4.2.1) on the product and guide it to reach the lowest point.

Measure the distance H between the lowest point of the test mass and the projection, parallel to the test

mass, of the highest point on the bath cradle in front of the mass (Figure 9 and Figure 10).

Measure the length L between the lowest point of the test mass and the projection, parallel to the test

mass, of the highest point on the bath cradle at the back of the test mass (Figure 9 and Figure 10).

Key
H height
L length
Figure 9 — Measurement of length L and height H for hammock type cradles
Key
H height
L length
Figure 10 — Measurement of length L and height H for non-hammock type cradles
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7.1.3 Requirements for bath seats

Bath seats shall provide a child support completely surrounding a seated child during bathing (see

Figure 11). The minimum height of the child support from the sitting surface shall be 140 mm in any

position around the child, when tested in accordance with 7.1.4.1.

Bath seats shall have a crotch restraint, connected to both the sitting surface and the child support, such

that the product cannot be used without the crotch restraint being used.
Key
A child support
B crotch restraint
C sitting surface
Figure 11 — Example of bath seat

The maximum internal distance shall be less than or equal to 250 mm at any point, when tested in

accordance with 7.1.4.2.

Each leg opening shall allow the passage of the leg opening probe when tested in accordance with

7.1.4.3.
No harness-based restraint system shall be provided.
Inflatable bath seats are not allowed.
7.1.4 Test methods for bath seats
7.1.4.1 Test method for measurement of the height
Place the bath seat on a flat horizontal surface.
Position the test bar (4.7) across on the child support.

Measure, perpendicular to the bar, the vertical distance between the sitting surface and the bottom of

the bar at all points on the seat.
7.1.4.2 Test method for measurement of the internal distance
Place the bath seat on a flat horizontal surface.

The bath seat internal distance is measured parallel to the horizontal, 10 mm above the upper point of

the sitting surface.
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EN 17022:2018 (E)
7.1.4.3 Test method for leg openings
Place the bath seat on a flat horizontal surface.

Insert the leg opening probe (4.8) into each leg opening from outside the bath seat and check if the leg

opening probe can freely pass through and be taken out from above the seat unit (e.g. by pulling,

without twisting or making sharp turns). See Figure 12.
Key
1 leg opening probe
Figure 12 — Test method for leg openings
7.2 Hazards due to folding or dismantling of the product
7.2.1 General
Connecti
...

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