This document specifies a method to provide a relative measure for evaluating the extent to and ease with which oxygen can be removed from iron ores, when reduced under conditions resembling those prevailing in the reduction zone of a blast furnace. This document is applicable to lump ores, sinters and hot-bonded pellets.

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This document specifies a method for the determination of the moisture content of a lot of iron ore. This method is applicable to all iron ores, whether natural or processed.

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  • Draft
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This document specifies a photometric titration method using EDTA for the determination of the total iron content of iron ores. This method is applicable to a concentration range of a mass fraction of 37,00 % to 72,00 % of total iron in natural iron ores, iron ore concentrates and agglomerates, including sinter products.

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This document specifies a potentiometric titration method for the determination of total iron content of iron ores, using potassium dichromate as titrant after reduction of the iron(III) by tin(II) chloride and titanium(III) chloride. The excess reductant is then oxidized by potassium dichromate solution. This method is applicable to total iron contents between a mass fraction of 29,04 % and a mass fraction of 72,02 % in natural iron ores and iron ore concentrates and agglomerates including sinter products.

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This document specifies experimental methods for checking the precision of sampling, sample preparation and measurement of iron ores being carried out in accordance with the methods specified in ISO 3082 and the relevant ISO standards for measurement. This document can also be applied for the purpose of checking the precision of sampling, sample preparation and measurement separately.

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This document specifies the methods to be employed for determination of size distributions by sieving of iron ore and direct reduced iron (excluding briquetted iron), utilizing sieves having aperture sizes of 36 µm or larger. The size distribution is expressed in terms of mass and percentage mass, passed or retained on selected sieves. The purpose of this document is to provide a basis for any testing of iron ore and direct reduced iron involving size determination for use by contracting parties in the sale and purchase of these materials. When this document is used for comparative purposes, the concerned parties will agree on the selection of the detailed method to be employed in order to eliminate sources of subsequent controversy.

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This document specifies two titrimetric methods, free from mercury pollution, for the determination of total iron content in iron ores, using potassium dichromate as titrant after reduction of the iron(III) by tin(II) chloride and titanium(III) chloride. The excess reductant is then oxidized by either dilute potassium dichromate (Method 1) or perchloric acid (Method 2). Both methods are applicable to a concentration range of 30 % mass fraction to 72 % mass fraction of iron in natural iron ores, iron ore concentrates and agglomerates, including sinter products.

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    15 pages
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ISO 21283:2018 specifies a method to determine the fineness of iron ores in terms of specific surface area, using the manual Blaine air-permeability apparatus. ISO 21283:2018 is applicable to pellet feeds in the range of 400 cm2/g to 2 500 cm2/g of specific surface area.

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ISO 15633:2017 specifies a flame atomic absorption spectrometric method for the determination of the nickel mass fraction of iron ores. This method is applicable to mass fractions of nickel between 0,001 % and 0,10 % in natural iron ores, iron ore concentrates and agglomerates including sinter products. This method is not appropriate for referee purposes.

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ISO 22682:2017 specifies a method for the determination of phosphorus, vanadium, titanium, copper, nickel, chromium, barium and cobalt in iron ores, by inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry (ICP-AES).

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ISO 10204:2017 specifies a flame atomic absorption spectrometric method for the determination of the mass fraction of magnesium in iron ores. This method is applicable to mass fractions of magnesium between 0,010 % and 2,00 % in natural iron ores, iron ore concentrates, and agglomerates, including sinter products.

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    14 pages
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ISO 3082:2017 provides a) the underlying theory, b) the basic principles for sampling and preparation of samples, and c) the basic requirements for the design, installation and operation of sampling systems for mechanical sampling, manual sampling and preparation of samples taken from a lot under transfer. This is in order to determine the chemical composition, moisture content, size distribution and other physical and metallurgical properties of the lot, except bulk density obtained using ISO 3852 (Method 2). The methods specified in this document are applicable to both the loading and discharging of a lot by means of belt conveyors and other ore-handling equipment to which a mechanical sampler can be installed or where manual sampling can safely be conducted. The methods are applicable to all iron ores, whether natural or processed (e.g. concentrates and agglomerates, such as pellets or sinters).

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    83 pages
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ISO/TR 9686:2017 specifies a method for the determination of the mass fraction of carbon and/or sulfur in direct reduced iron by infrared measurement after high-frequency combustion. This method is applicable to mass fractions of carbon between 0,05 % and 2,5 %, and/or mass fractions of sulfur between 0,001 % and 0,05 % in direct reduced iron.

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ISO/TR 4688-1:2017 describes a flame atomic absorption spectrometric method for the determination of the mass fraction of aluminium in iron ores. This method is applicable to mass fractions of aluminium between 0,1 % and 5,0 % in natural iron ores, iron ore concentrates and agglomerates, including sinter products.

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ISO 10203:2017 specifies a flame atomic absorption spectrometric method for the determination of the mass fraction of calcium in iron ores. This method is applicable to mass fractions of calcium between 0,010 % and 8,00 % in natural iron ores, iron ore concentrates, and agglomerates, including sinter products.

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This document specifies a combustion/infrared method, using a high-frequency induction furnace, for
the determination of the sulfur content of iron ores.
This method is applicable to sulfur contents between 0,002 % (mass fraction) and 0,25 % (mass
fraction) in natural iron ores, iron ore concentrates and agglomerates, including sinter products. The
method is not applicable to iron ores containing more than 1,0 % (mass fraction) of combined water.
The apparatus, of which the metal filter is equipped with a heating device, can be applied to iron ores
containing less than 3,0 % (mass fraction) of combined water.

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This document specifies a combustion/titration method for the determination of the sulfur content of
iron ores.
This method is applicable to sulfur contents between 0,002 % (mass fraction) and 0,25 % (mass
fraction) in natural iron ores, iron ore concentrates, and agglomerates, including sinter products. The
results are not affected by the presence of fluoride.

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ISO 13312:2017 specifies a flame atomic absorption spectrometric method for the determination of the mass fraction of potassium in iron ores. This method is applicable to mass fractions of potassium between 0,002 5 % and 0,52 % in natural iron ores, iron ore concentrates and agglomerates, including sinter products.

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ISO 13313:2017 specifies a flame atomic absorption spectrometric method for the determination of the mass fraction of sodium in iron ores. This method is applicable to mass fractions of sodium between 0,002 5 % and 0,50 % in natural iron ores, iron ore concentrates and agglomerates, including sinter products.

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ISO 4689-2:2017 specifies a combustion/titration method for the determination of the sulfur content of iron ores. This method is applicable to sulfur contents between 0,002 % (mass fraction) and 0,25 % (mass fraction) in natural iron ores, iron ore concentrates, and agglomerates, including sinter products. The results are not affected by the presence of fluoride.

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ISO 4689-3:2017 specifies a combustion/infrared method, using a high-frequency induction furnace, for the determination of the sulfur content of iron ores. This method is applicable to sulfur contents between 0,002 % (mass fraction) and 0,25 % (mass fraction) in natural iron ores, iron ore concentrates and agglomerates, including sinter products. The method is not applicable to iron ores containing more than 1,0 % (mass fraction) of combined water. The apparatus, of which the metal filter is equipped with a heating device, can be applied to iron ores containing less than 3,0 % (mass fraction) of combined water.

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ISO 16878:2016 specifies a titrimetric method for the determination of the metallic iron content of reduced iron ores. This method is applicable to a concentration range of 57,5 % mass fraction to 90,5 % mass fraction of the metallic iron. NOTE The term "metallic iron" means those forms of iron not bonded to oxygen or not present as pyrite.

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ISO/TR 18231:2016 describes methods of test that can be applied to wavelength dispersive X-ray fluorescence (WD-XRF) spectrometers to ensure that the spectrometers are functioning in a manner that allows precise analyses to be made. The tests outlined are designed to measure the errors associated with the operation of certain parts of the spectrometer. They are not designed to check every part of the spectrometer but only those parts that may be the common sources of error. It is assumed that the performance of the instrument has been optimized according to the manufacturer's instructions. For all tests, the two-theta angle should be carefully set for the line being measured. The pulse height window should be set according to the manufacturer's instructions and should have a broad setting which may also include the escape peak for gas proportional counters. The instrument and detector gas environment should be as specified by the manufacturer, as should the power supply to the instrument. NOTE Where no distinction has been made, it is assumed that a test is applicable to both sequential and simultaneous spectrometers.

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This International Standard specifies a method of determining the apparent density and water
absorption of direct reduced iron by immersion in water.
This International Standard is applicable to hot briquetted iron (HBI).

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ISO/TR 18336:2016 specifies recommended quality control procedures for XRF laboratories operating within the iron ore industry.

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ISO 15968:2016 specifies a method of determining the apparent density and water absorption of direct reduced iron by immersion in water. ISO 15968:2016 is applicable to hot briquetted iron (HBI).

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ISO/TR 16043:2015 sets out a wavelength dispersive X-ray fluorescence procedure for the determination of chlorine in iron ores. The method is applicable to a concentration range of 0,027 % to 1,15 % of chlorine in iron ores regardless of mineralogical type. It is not intended that this method be used for the purpose of trade in iron ores due to the precision of the method.

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    18 pages
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ISO 4696-1:2015 specifies a method to provide a relative measure for evaluating the degree of size degradation of iron ores when reduced with carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, hydrogen, and nitrogen, under conditions resembling those prevailing in the low-temperature reduction zone of a blast furnace. ISO 4696-1:2015 is applicable to lump ores, sinters, and hot-bonded pellets.

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    11 pages
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ISO 4696-2:2015 specifies a method to provide a relative measure for evaluating the degree of size degradation of iron ores when reduced with carbon monoxide and nitrogen, under conditions resembling those prevailing in the low-temperature reduction zone of a blast furnace. ISO 4696-2:2015 is applicable to lump ores, sinters and hot-bonded pellets.

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    10 pages
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ISO/TR 18230:2015 describes a gravimetric method for the determination of the loss in mass of non-oxidized iron ores, when ignited at 1 000 °C. This method is applicable to a concentration range of a mass fraction of −3,0 % to 7,0 % loss on ignition in natural iron ores, iron ore concentrates and agglomerates, and sinters. The method is not applicable to the following: a) processed ores containing metallic iron (direct reduced iron); b) natural or processed ores in which the sulfur content is higher than a mass fraction of 0,2 %; c) internationally traded ores with combined water greater than 2,5 %. NOTE 1 Loss on ignition can be used as an estimate of combined water. NOTE 2 This method is intended for in-house use and is not intended for referee purposes.

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    7 pages
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ISO 11258:2015 specifies a method to provide a relative measure for evaluating the extent to and ease to which oxygen can be removed from iron ores, when reduced under conditions resembling those prevailing in shaft direct-reduction processes. It specifies the determination of the reducibility, final degree of reduction, and degree of metallization. ISO 11258:2015 is applicable to lump ores and hot-bonded pellets.

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    16 pages
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ISO 7215:2015 specifies a method to provide a relative measure for evaluating the extent to which oxygen can be removed from iron ores when reduced under conditions resembling those prevailing in the reduction zone of a blast furnace. ISO 7215:2015 is applicable to lump ore, sinters, and hot-bonded pellets.

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    11 pages
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ISO 11257:2015 specifies a method to provide a relative measure for evaluating the degree of size degradation and degree of metallization of iron ores, when reduced under conditions resembling those prevailing in shaft direct-reduction processes. ISO 11257:2015 is applicable to lump ores and hot-bonded pellets.

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    9 pages
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ISO 7992:2015 specifies a method to provide a relative measure for evaluating the structural stability of iron ores when reduced under conditions resembling those prevailing in the reduction zone of a blast furnace. ISO 7992:2015 is applicable to lump ores and hot-bonded pellets.

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    12 pages
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ISO 4700:2015 specifies a method to provide a measure of the compressive load attained to cause breakage of pellets. This International Standard is applicable to hot bonded pellets.

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    5 pages
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ISO 8371:2015 specifies a method to provide a relative measure for evaluating the degree of size degradation caused by rapid heating of iron ores. It specifies the determination of the decrepitation index. ISO 8371:2015 is applicable to lump ores for blast furnace feedstocks.

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ISO 13930:2015 specifies a method to provide a relative measure for evaluating the degree of size degradation of iron ores when reduced under conditions resembling those prevailing in the low-temperature reduction zone of the blast furnace. It is applicable to lump ores and hot-bonded pellets.

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    9 pages
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  • Standard
    9 pages
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ISO 11256:2015 specifies a method to provide a relative measure for evaluating the formation of clusters of iron ore pellets when reduced under conditions resembling those prevailing in shaft direct-reduction processes. ISO 11256:2015 is applicable to hot-bonded pellets.

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    13 pages
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ISO 3271:2015 specifies a method to provide a relative measure for evaluating the resistance of iron ores to size degradation by impact and abrasion. It covers the determination of the tumble and abrasion indices. This International Standard is applicable to lump ores, sinters, and hot-bonded pellets.

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    6 pages
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ISO 15634:2015 specifies a flame atomic absorption spectrometric method for the determination of the chromium content of iron ores. This method is applicable to chromium contents between 0,001 6 % and 0,1 % (mass fractions) in natural iron ores, iron ore concentrates, and agglomerates including sinter products.

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    13 pages
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ISO 11536:2015 specifies a gravimetric method for the determination of the loss in mass of fully-oxidized iron ores, when ignited at 1 000 °C. This method is applicable to a concentration range of 1,0 % (m/m) to 10,0 % (m/m) loss on ignition in natural iron ores, iron ore concentrates and agglomerates. The method is not applicable to the following: a) Processed ores containing metallic iron (direct reduced iron); b) Natural or processed ores in which the sulfur content is higher than 0,2 % (m/m); c) Natural or processed ores in which the content of partially-oxidized iron is more than 1,0 % (m/m).

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    7 pages
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ISO 16742:2014 sets out the basic methods for sampling fine iron ore of nominal top size The procedures described in ISO 16742:2014 apply to sampling of iron ore that is transported in moving streams as a slurry. These streams can fall freely or be confined in pipes, launders, chutes, spirals, or similar channels.

  • Standard
    29 pages
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  • Standard
    29 pages
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ISO 17992:2013 specifies a hydride generation atomic absorption spectrometric method for the determination of the arsenic content of iron ore. ISO 17992:2013 is applicable to mass fractions of arsenic between 0,000 66 % and 0,020 15 % in natural iron ores, iron ore concentrates and agglomerates, including sinter products.

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    17 pages
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ISO 11323:2010 gives the definitions for terms used in TC 102 standards for sampling, sample preparation, moisture and particle size analysis and physical testing of iron ore and direct reduced iron. Some specific analytical terms used in the relevant International Standards are also included.

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    31 pages
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SO 9682-1:2009 specifies a flame atomic absorption spectrometric method for the determination of the mass fraction of manganese in iron ores. This method is applicable to a mass-fraction range of 0,01 % to 2,5 % of manganese in natural iron ores, iron ore concentrates and agglomerates, including sinter products.

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    14 pages
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ISO 11533:2009 specifies a flame atomic absorption spectrometric method for the determination of the mass fraction of cobalt in iron ores. This method is applicable to a mass-fraction range of 0,000 7 % to 0,06 % of cobalt in natural iron ores, iron ore concentrates and agglomerates, including sinter products.

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    12 pages
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ISO 9683-2:2009 specifies two flame atomic absorption spectrometric methods for the determination of the mass fraction of vanadium in iron ores. Method 1 is applicable to mass fractions of vanadium between 0,004 % and 0,06 %, and Method 2 to mass fractions of vanadium between 0,06 % and 0,5 %, in natural iron ores, iron ore concentrates and agglomerates, including sinter products.

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    14 pages
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  • Standard
    14 pages
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ISO 4691:2009 specifies a spectrophotometric method using diantipyrylmethane for the determination of the mass fraction of titanium in iron ores. ISO 4691:2009 is applicable to a mass-fraction range of 0,02 % to 4,0 % of titanium in natural iron ores, and iron ore concentrates and agglomerates including sinter products.

  • Standard
    13 pages
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ISO 4698:2007 specifies a method to provide a relative measure for evaluating the increase in volume of iron ore pellets, when reduced in an unconstrained bed under conditions resembling those prevailing in the reduction zone of a blast furnace. It specifies the determination of the free-swelling index. ISO 4698:2007 is applicable to hot-bonded pellets.

  • Standard
    18 pages
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ISO 15967:2007 specifies a method to provide a relative measure for evaluating the resistance of direct reduced iron to size degradation by impact and abrasion. ISO 15967:2007 specifies the determination of the tumble and abrasion indices of hot briquetted iron (HBI).

  • Standard
    6 pages
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