Cranes - Access

This document specifies design requirements for non-powered access installed on cranes.
NOTE 1 For other type of access, a requirement for information to be supplied is specified.
Slidable, retractable means of access are excluded from the scope, except movable hoop guards.
This document covers means of access to control stations and all access required for maintenance, certain erection and dismantling operations.
For those cranes which are intended to be erected and dismantled frequently to change their places of work, specific requirements for the access needed during these operations are not covered by this document and should be given in the appropriate European Standards for specific crane types.
Lighting of means of access is not covered by this document and should be given in the appropriate European Standards for specific crane types.
NOTE 2 Specific requirements for access on particular types of cranes are given in the appropriate European Standard for the particular crane type.
The requirements given in this document do not take into account the safety distances related to:
- guarding against hazard from moving parts;
- relative movement between crane and adjacent structure or the ground/floor;
- hazardous surface temperature;
- electrical equipment.
The significant hazards covered by this document are identified in Clause 4. This document is not applicable to cranes which are manufactured before the date of publication by CEN of this document.

Krane - Zugang

Dieses Dokument legt Anforderungen an die Konstruktion für den nicht kraftbetriebenen Zugang zu Kranen fest.
ANMERKUNG 1 Für andere Zugangsarten wird festgelegt, welche Angaben zu machen sind.
Außerhalb des Anwendungsbereichs liegen gleitfähige, einfahrbare Zugangseinrichtungen, außer beweglicher Rückenschutz.
Dieses Dokument behandelt Zugangseinrichtungen zu Steuerständen und alle erforderlichen Zugänge für Wartung, bestimmte Montage- und Demontagearbeiten.
Besondere Anforderungen für die Zugänge, die für die Montage und Demontage der Krane erforderlich sind, die regelmäßig ihren Einsatzort ändern sollen, werden in diesem Dokument nicht behandelt und sollten in den entsprechenden Europäischen Normen für die einzelnen Krantypen angegeben sein.
Beleuchtung für Zugangseinrichtungen wird in diesem Dokument nicht behandelt und sollte in den entsprechenden Europäischen Normen für die einzelnen Krantypen angegeben sein.
ANMERKUNG 2 Besondere Anforderungen für den Zugang bei einzelnen Krantypen sind in der entsprechenden Europäischen Norm für den einzelnen Krantyp angegeben.
Die in diesem Dokument angegebenen Anforderung berücksichtigten nicht Sicherheitsabstände bezüglich
- Schutzeinrichtungen gegen Gefährdungen durch bewegliche Teile;
- Relativbewegung zwischen Kran und angrenzender Umgebung oder dem (Erd-)Boden;
- gefährlicher Oberflächentemperatur;
- elektrischer Ausrüstung.
Die signifikanten Gefährdungen, die in diesem Dokument behandelt werden, sind in Abschnitt 4 aufgelistet.
Dieses Dokument ist nicht anzuwenden für Krane, die vor der Veröffentlichung dieses Dokuments durch CEN hergestellt wurden.

Appareils de levage à charge suspendue - Accès

Le présent document spécifie les prescriptions de conception relatives aux moyens d'accès non motorisés installés sur les appareils de levage à charge suspendue.
NOTE 1 Pour les autres types d'accès, une prescription relative aux informations à fournir est spécifiée.
Les moyens d'accès coulissants et rétractables sont exclus du domaine d'application, à l'exception des crinolines mobiles.
Le présent document couvre les moyens d'accès aux postes de commande et l'ensemble des accès requis pour les opérations de maintenance, pour certaines opérations de montage et de démontage.
Pour les appareils de levage à charge suspendue destinés à être montés et démontés fréquemment pour changer de lieu d'utilisation, des prescriptions spécifiques relatives à l'accès requis pendant ces opérations ne sont pas couvertes par le présent document et il convient que les prescriptions soient spécifiées dans les Normes européennes appropriées relatives aux types spécifiques d'appareils de levage à charge suspendue.
L'éclairage des moyens d'accès n'est pas couvert par le présent document et il convient que cela soit indiqué dans les Normes européennes appropriées pour des types de grues spécifiques.
NOTE 2 Les prescriptions spécifiques relatives à l'accès aux types particuliers d'appareils de levage à charge suspendue sont données dans la Norme européenne appropriée relative au type particulier d'appareil de levage à charge suspendue.
Les prescriptions données dans le présent document ne tiennent pas compte des distances de sécurité liées :
- aux protecteurs contre les risques liés aux pièces mobiles ;
- au mouvement relatif entre l'appareil de levage à charge suspendue et la structure adjacente ou le sol/le plancher ;
- à une température de surface dangereuse ;
- aux équipements électriques.
Les phénomènes dangereux significatifs couverts par le présent document sont identifiés à l'Article 4.
Le présent document ne s'applique pas aux appareils de levage à charge suspendue fabriqués avant la date de publication par le CEN du présent document.

Dvigala (žerjavi) - Dostop

General Information

Status
Published
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing
Due Date
16-Dec-2020
Completion Date
16-Dec-2020

RELATIONS

Effective Date
15-Jul-2018
Effective Date
23-Dec-2020

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 13586:2021
01-april-2021
Nadomešča:
SIST EN 13586:2004+A1:2008
Dvigala (žerjavi) - Dostop
Cranes - Access
Krane - Zugang
Appareils de levage à charge suspendue - Accès
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 13586:2020
ICS:
53.020.20 Dvigala Cranes
SIST EN 13586:2021 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN 13586:2021
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SIST EN 13586:2021
EN 13586
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
December 2020
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 53.020.20 Supersedes EN 13586:2004+A1:2008
English Version
Cranes - Access
Appareils de levage à charge suspendue - Accès Krane - Zugang
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 16 November 2020.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2020 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 13586:2020 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN 13586:2021
EN 13586:2020 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 4

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 5

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 5

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 6

4 List of significant hazards ............................................................................................................................ 6

5 Safety requirements and protective measures .................................................................................... 7

5.1 Selection of means of access ........................................................................................................................ 7

5.2 Classification of access .................................................................................................................................. 8

5.3 General design principles ............................................................................................................................ 9

5.4 Stairs and step ladders ............................................................................................................................... 10

5.5 Spiral stairs .................................................................................................................................................... 11

5.6 Rung ladders - footholds ............................................................................................................................ 12

5.7 Hoop guards ................................................................................................................................................... 15

5.8 Walkways, inclined walkways, platforms ........................................................................................... 17

5.9 Minimum clear passage of access routes ............................................................................................. 18

5.10 Handrails and side protection ................................................................................................................. 19

5.11 Handholds ....................................................................................................................................................... 21

5.12 Hatches and manholes................................................................................................................................ 22

5.13 Strength, means of access and their supporting structures ......................................................... 23

6 Verification of the safety requirements and/or protective measures ...................................... 23

7 Information for use ..................................................................................................................................... 24

Annex A (informative) Selection of a suitable set of crane standards for a given application ........ 25

Annex B (informative) Examples of surfaces considered to be slip-resistant ....................................... 27

Annex ZA (informative) Relationship between this European standard and the essential

requirements of Directive 2006/42/EC aimed to be covered ..................................................... 29

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 30

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SIST EN 13586:2021
EN 13586:2020 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN 13586:2020) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 147 “Cranes

safety”, the secretariat of which is held by BSI.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by June 2021, and conflicting national standards shall be

withdrawn at the latest by June 2021.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes EN 13586:2004+A1:2008.

The main technical changes in this edition compared to EN 13586:2004+A1:2008 are in 5.5, 5.10, 5.11,

5.13, Clause 6 and Clause 7. Clause 4 and Annex ZA have been updated to conform with the valid

drafting rules. Additionally, the arrangements of figures and tables have been improved for reasons of

clarity and technical and editorial accuracy.

This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the

European Free Trade Association and supports essential requirements of EU Directive 2006/42/EC.

For relationship with EU Directive, see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this document.

For the relationship with other European Standards for cranes, see Annex A.
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SIST EN 13586:2021
EN 13586:2020 (E)
Introduction

This document has been prepared to be a harmonized standard to provide one means for crane access

to conform with the essential health and safety requirements of the Machinery Directive, as mentioned

in Annex ZA.
This document is a type C standard as stated in EN ISO 12100:2010.

This document is of relevance, in particular, for the following stakeholder groups representing the

market players with regard to machinery safety:
— machine manufacturers (small, medium and large enterprises);
— service providers, e.g. for maintenance (small, medium and large enterprises);
— machine users/employers (small, medium and large enterprises);

— health and safety bodies (regulators, accident prevention organizations, market surveillance, etc.).

The above-mentioned stakeholder groups have been given the possibility to participate at the drafting

process of this document.

The machinery concerned and the extent to which hazards, hazardous situations and hazardous events

are covered, are indicated in the scope of this document.

When provisions of this type C standard are different from those which are stated in a type B standard,

the provisions of this type C standard take precedence over the provisions of the other standards, for

machines that have been designed and built according to the provisions of this type C standard.

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SIST EN 13586:2021
EN 13586:2020 (E)
1 Scope

This document specifies design requirements for non-powered access installed on cranes.

NOTE 1 For other type of access, a requirement for information to be supplied is specified.

Slidable, retractable means of access are excluded from the scope, except movable hoop guards.

This document covers means of access to control stations and all access required for maintenance,

certain erection and dismantling operations.

For those cranes which are intended to be erected and dismantled frequently to change their places of

work, specific requirements for the access needed during these operations are not covered by this

document and should be given in the appropriate European Standards for specific crane types.

Lighting of means of access is not covered by this document and should be given in the appropriate

European Standards for specific crane types.

NOTE 2 Specific requirements for access on particular types of cranes are given in the appropriate European

Standard for the particular crane type.

The requirements given in this document do not take into account the safety distances related to:

— guarding against hazard from moving parts;
— relative movement between crane and adjacent structure or the ground/floor;
— hazardous surface temperature;
— electrical equipment.
The significant hazards covered by this document are identified in Clause 4.

This document is not applicable to cranes which are manufactured before the date of publication

by CEN of this document.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

EN 12644-1:2001+A1:2008, Cranes - Information for use and testing - Part 1: Instructions

EN 13001-3-1:2012+A2:2018, Cranes - General Design - Part 3-1: Limit States and proof competence of

steel structure

EN ISO 12100:2010, Safety of machinery - General principles for design - Risk assessment and risk

reduction (ISO 12100:2010)

EN ISO 13854:2019, Safety of machinery - Minimum gaps to avoid crushing of parts of the human body

(ISO 13854:2017)

EN ISO 14122-4:2016, Safety of machinery - Permanent means of access to machinery - Part 4: Fixed

ladders (ISO 14122-4:2016)
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SIST EN 13586:2021
EN 13586:2020 (E)
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in EN ISO 12100:2010 and the

following apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/
— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https://www.iso.org/obp
3.1
rest platform

standing area for persons to rest, situated at intervals between flights of ladders or stairs

3.2
platform
standing area for persons to work from, e.g. for maintenance or inspection
3.3
handrail
device, which provides continuous hand support between two locations
3.4
handhold
means of providing support by a single hand placement
3.5
foothold
means of providing support for one or two feet for vertical access
3.6
manhole

access opening to allow the passage of persons, and which could have a cover fitted

3.7
hatch

access opening to allow the passage of persons, provided with a cover openable without use of tools

4 List of significant hazards

Table 1 of this clause contains all the significant hazards as listed in CEN Guide 414, hazardous

situations and events, as far as they are dealt with in this document, identified by risk assessment as

significant for this type of machinery and which require action to eliminate or reduce the risk.

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SIST EN 13586:2021
EN 13586:2020 (E)
Table 1 — List of significant hazards and associated requirements
No. Hazard Relevant clause(s) in this
document
1 Mechanical hazards
1.1 Inadequacy of mechanical strength of the crane and its 5.7.2, 5.13
parts
1.2 Crushing hazard 5.10, 5.12
1.3 Shearing hazard 5.10
1.5 Cutting or severing hazard 5.10, 5.12
1.6 Entanglement hazard 5.9
1.7 Drawing-in or trapping hazard 5.6.1, 5.10, 5.12
1.8 Slipping, tripping and falling 5.3, 5.4, 5.6.1, 5.7, 5.8, 5.9,
5.10, 5.11
1.9 Falling or ejected objects or fluids 5.1, 5.3.3, 5.3.4, 5.10
8 Ergonomic hazards
8.1 Unhealthy postures or excessive efforts 5.1, 5.2
8.2 Inadequate consideration of hand-arm or foot-leg 5.3 to 5.12
anatomy
8.3 Use of personal protection equipment 5.1, 5.4, 5.6.1, 7
5 Safety requirements and protective measures
5.1 Selection of means of access

Means of access shall conform to the safety requirements and protective measures of this clause. In

addition, the equipment shall be designed in accordance with the principles of EN ISO 12100:2010 for

hazards relevant but not significant which are not dealt with by this document.

The following factors shall be taken into account, when determining means of access for cranes:

— frequency of use;
— equipment and tools to be carried;
— vertical distance to cover;
— nature of use, e.g. regular operator access, maintenance, inspection.

Provision of access, when moving from one level to another, should be in the preferential order: stair,

step ladder and rung ladder. Furthermore, permanent protective equipment (e.g. hoop guard, side

protection) shall be preferred to personal protection equipment. Where personal protection equipment

is required, continuous system avoiding the necessity to connect and disconnect shall be preferred.

The type of the means of the access depending on its steepness shall be selected in accordance with the

Figure 1.
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SIST EN 13586:2021
EN 13586:2020 (E)
Key
1 rung ladder 5 inclined walkway
2 step ladder 6 walkway
3 range to be avoided 7 not permitted zone
4 stair D access direction when going upwards

Figure 1 — Ranges of angles for different means of access in their working position

For structural requirements of means of access, the term “ladder” is used to refer both to rung ladders

and step ladders.

Where the vertical height between point of access and operator’s control station is more than 30 m, the

crane shall be designed with provisions to receive a powered access. Where a powered access system is

provided, an additional access way of Type 1 shall also be provided.

Other means of access than those in the scope of this standard may be utilized, e.g. for inspection

locations with an inspection interval longer than one year, for emergency exit or for access for erection

and dismantling. Access in such cases may be designed to rely on use of personal fall protection

equipment against falls from a height (see EN 363:2018 and EN 795:2012) or use of mobile elevating

work platforms.
5.2 Classification of access
Type 1 access shall be provided in the following cases, as relevant:

— the main access way of the crane operator to the control station and to starting equipment;

— the access way to maintenance locations, with a maintenance or inspection period shorter than one

month.

Type 2 access may be provided, instead of Type 1 access, in the following cases, as relevant:

— the access way to maintenance locations, with a maintenance or inspection period one month or

longer;
— emergency exit;
— access for erection and dismantling.
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SIST EN 13586:2021
EN 13586:2020 (E)
5.3 General design principles

5.3.1 When ascending or descending provisions shall be made to provide simultaneous three-point

support; two hand holds and one foot hold or two feet holds and one hand hold.

5.3.2 Where a lateral body move is necessary from a rung of a ladder to another support surface, the

distance between the step or rung and the nearest edge of the support surface shall be within a

spherical radius of 300 mm or shorter, see Figure 2.
Key
R spherical radius
S support surface

Figure 2 — Distance between a step or rung and the nearest edge of any support surface

5.3.3 Means of access, walking and standing areas shall:

— have their working position(s) designated; (for example platform on articulated boom needs

defined position of the boom for the access);

— take into account the number of the persons, and the presence of objects such as tools and spare

parts;

— be constructed of materials specified as being incombustible and with slip resistant surfaces, which

do not retain liquid. See Annex B.

The steps between adjacent, fixed (non-moveable) floor sections shall not exceed 8 mm in height. This

requirement does not apply in cases, where access is directly on a structural surface and the step is due

to welded joint of the structure.

Every control station shall have at least one exit onto a fixed means of access. An alternative means of

egress shall be provided, where a fixed means of access cannot be reached from all working positions of

the control station or of the crane.

5.3.4 Where apertures are used in the floor of a walkway, inclined walkway, landing or platform

situated above an area, where persons are expected, slots and interstices shall fulfil the following

requirements:
— a ball with a diameter 20 mm or greater cannot pass through;
— a slot has a maximum width of 12 mm, where the length is 200 mm or greater.
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SIST EN 13586:2021
EN 13586:2020 (E)

5.3.5 Hand supports shall be designed and constructed so as not to have exposed sharp edges and

corners or other hazardous projections. Edges shall have radii (minimum 2 mm) or be chamfered

(minimum 2 × 2 mm).

Obstacles to retain the hands or feet, shall be provided at the ends of handholds and footholds.

5.3.6 Where access is foreseen with portable ladders, permanent means shall be provided to prevent

the top of the ladder from sliding or slipping.
Portable ladders shall meet the requirements of this document for ladders.
5.4 Stairs and step ladders

Type 1 stairs shall be provided with a handrail and an intermediate guard-rail on both sides. Where the

distance between a stair and a continuous surface is less than 200 mm, it is permissible to omit

intermediate guard-rails. For details of handrails and side protections, see 5.10.

The climbing height of a single flight shall not exceed 6 m for Type 1 step ladders.

Where Type 2 stairs are not fitted with a handrail, provision (e.g. an inclined lifeline in accordance with

EN 795:2012) shall be made for the use of personal fall protection equipment against falls from a height.

For personal fall protection equipment, see EN 363:2018.
Step ladders shall be provided with handrails or handholds on both sides.

Steps shall be regularly spaced within a single section of stairs or step ladders. The distance from the

floor to the first step should be the same as the rise of the stair or ladder; but may vary to accommodate

movement between the floor and the step or for the fitting of standardized components.

Stairs and step ladders shall have the dimensions in accordance with Figure 3, Table 2 and Table 3.

Figure 3 — Dimensional parameters for stairs and step ladders
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SIST EN 13586:2021
EN 13586:2020 (E)
Table 2 — Dimensions for stairs
Dimensions in millimetres
Symbols in accordance with Figure 3 Type 1 access Type 2 access
min. max. min. max.
Clear width of the step b 450 - 320 -
Rise h 180 250 180 250
Going g 150 270 150 270
Tread depth
p 200 - 200 -
Tread depth (p) shall not be less
than the going (g).
Height between the floor and the
- 600 - 700
first step

The following formula should be applied for stairs: 600 mm ≤ 2 × rise + going ≤ 660 mm.

Table 3 — Dimensions for step ladders
Dimensions in millimetres
Symbols in accordance with Figure 3 Type 1 access Type 2 access
min. max. min. max.
Clear width of the step b 450 - 320 -
Rise h 230 300 230 300
Going g 80 - 80 -
Tread depth p 80 - 80 -
Height between the floor and
- 600 - 700
the first step
5.5 Spiral stairs

The general requirements for stairs regarding e.g. steps, handrails and rest platforms apply also for

spiral stairs, where relevant and where not in conflict with the requirements given in this clause.

Spiral stairs as specified here are applicable in Type 1 and Type 2 access ways.
Spiral stairs shall fulfil the following special requirements:
— spiral stairs shall be fitted with side protection;
— the clear width of the access way (R ) shall be 660 mm or wider;
— the clear head room of the access way shall be 2 000 mm or higher;
— the rise height of steps (h) shall be not more than 240 mm;

— the tread depth (p) shall be 190 mm or more, measured at 300 mm (R ) from the narrower edge;

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SIST EN 13586:2021
EN 13586:2020 (E)

— the going of a step (g) shall be 140 mm or more but not greater than the tread depth (p), measured

at 300 mm (R ) from the narrower edge;

— the size of steps shall be the same through a single spiral stair section, between the lower and upper

walkway or platform.
For illustration of the used symbols, see Figure 4.
Figure 4 — Dimensional parameters for spiral stairs
5.6 Rung ladders - footholds
5.6.1 Rung ladders

The following requirements apply to rung ladders and individual rungs fixed to the crane structure.

Rungs shall be regularly spaced within a single section of ladders, except for the first rung which may

vary to accommodate for movement between the floor and the rung or for the fitting of standardized

component.

Handholds (see 5.11) shall be provided to facilitate access to or from the ladder.

Where a vertical ladder provides an access upwards to a walkway, platform or rest platform, handholds

need not be provided, if one of the following conditions is fulfilled:

a) two handrails (see 5.10) are provided, with opening (u) for the access in accordance with 5.11;

b) the ladder uprights are extended to at least 1 m height from the floor of the walkway, platform or

rest platform;

c) one handrail and one ladder upright are provided to at least 1 m height from the floor of the

walkway, platform or rest platform.

Type 1 ladders, which present a risk of falling greater than 3 m and type 2 ladders, which present a risk

of falling greater than 5 m, shall be equipped with a hoop guard. For Type 2 ladders, the hoop guard

may be replaced by facilities for use with personal fall protection equipment against falls from a height

as defined in EN 363.
Type 1 and Type 2 ladders shall have rest platforms at least every 6 m.
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SIST EN 13586:2021
EN 13586:2020 (E)

Flights of ladders shall be positioned, or other means provided, to prevent persons falling more than

6 m.
The cross-section of a rung shall be circular or have rounded corners.

Rungs and rung ladder dimensions shall be in accordance with Figures 5 and 6 and Table 4. Minimum

free space around a ladder shall be as illustrated in Figure 6, with the values for the dimensions d, e and

w taken only the minimum ones from Table 4. The maximum values for e and w are for hoop guards

only.

Where provided, the anti-climb devices at ladders shall comply with Annex A of EN ISO 14122-4:2016.

Figure 5 — Dimensional parameters for rung ladders
Figure 6 — Free space around a ladder and hoop guard dimensions
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SIST EN 13586:2021
EN 13586:2020 (E)
Table 4 — Dimensions for rungs and rung ladders
Dimensions in millimetres
Symbols in accordance with Figures 5 and 6 Type 1 access Type 2 access
max. max.
min. min.
Rung pitch i 230 300 230 300
Height between the floor and the first - 600 - 700
rung
Rung size k 16 50 16 50
Obstacle height at rung end s 20 - 20 -
b b
Clear width m 300 - 300 -
Gap between stiles if they are g ≤ 10 or g ≤ 10 or
discontinuous
50 ≤ g ≤ 200 50 ≤ g ≤ 200
Clear depth for foot d 150 - 150 -
Clear width at the back side w 600 800 500 800
Clear depth at the back side e 600 800 600 800

Diameter for circular cross-section or diameter of inscribed circle for regular shape section with more than three

corners or width of upper flat surface for other profiles.
For placing only one foot, see Figure 5.
Distance may be reduced to 125 mm at discontinuous obstacles.
5.6.2 Footholds

Depending on the shape of the footholds, their dimensions are similar to the rungs of the ladders or as

given for special footholds in Table 5 and in Figure 7. Handholds (see 5.11) shall be provided to

facilitate access to and from the foothold.

Footholds shall be regularly spaced. The distance between the floor and the first foothold shall be the

same as the rise, with the exception of the first foothold which may vary to accommodate for movement

between the floor and the rung or for the fitting of standardized component.
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SIST EN 13586:2021
EN 13586:2020 (E)
Key
1 handhold
Figure 7 — Dimensions for special footholds
Table 5— Dimensions for special footholds
Dimensions in millimetres
Dimensions in mm
Symbols in accordance with Figure 7 Type 1 access Type 2 access
min. max. min. max.
a a
Clear width m 300 - 300 -
Clear depth d 150 - 150 -
Clear height at the back h 100 - 100 -
Clear opening in the front h2 150 - 150 -
Clearance between handholds u 450 - 450 -
Distance between handhold and the
z 0 200 0 200
front of the foothold
For placing only one foot, see Figure 5.
Distance may be reduced to 125 mm at discontinuous obstacles.
5.7 Hoop guards
5.7.1 General

Side and back protection is required for ladders and step ladders, where there is a risk of falling, see

5.6.1. The protection can be achieved by a hoop-guard built specifically for this purpose, or by

continuous structural surfaces providing an equivalent protection. Side and back protection and equally

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EN 13586:2020 (E)

the free space around a ladder shall meet the requirements given for the dimensions d, w and e in

Table 4 and illustrated in Figure 6.

Hoop-guard structure shall meet the dimensional requirements in accordance with Table 6. The hoops

shall be connected by three or five longitudinal bars spaced equally around the hoop. The distance

between two vertical bars on the hoop guard shall be less than 400 mm. In all cases, one bar shall be

located in a position diametrically opposite to the centre line of the ladder. The hoops should be placed

at right angles to the vertical bars on the hoop guard. The uprights should be fixed to the inside of the

hoop and be equally spaced.

Where, at a junction of the down end of a ladder and a platform/walkway, the platform width c is 1 m

or less or the sideways distance c is 0,7 m or less, the gap between the lowest hoop and the handrail

shall be protected to prevent a person from falling through. This can be achieved by connecting the

hoop to the handrail with an additional protection, see Figure 8. Alternatively, a local increase of the

side protection height may be provided as shown in EN ISO 14122-4:2016, Figures 16 and 17.

Key
1 additional protection to close a gap
Figure 8 — Example of additional protection
5.7.2 Movable hoop-guards

Movable hoop-guards are such, which can be moved and locked between access and stored positions.

Movable hoop-guards may be provided in conjunction with movable cabin or platform.

Movable hoop-guard for rung ladders shall:
— have their movement guided along the access ladder;

— for all operating positions, be designed so that the hoops remain perpendicular to the ladder;

— be fitted with at least five flexible straps.
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EN 13586:2020 (E)
Each flexible strap shall
— have a minimum strength of 25 kN;

— exhibit an elastic extension not exceeding 10 % of the length when a force of 10 kN is applied.

Hoop-guard dimensions shall be in accordance with Table 6.
Table 6— Dimensions for hoop-guar
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