Shower trays for domestic purposes

This European Standard specifies requirements, test methods and procedures for evaluation of conformity for shower trays used for domestic purposes which ensure that the product, when installed, used and maintained in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions, will satisfy cleanability and durability when used for personal hygiene.
This standard is applicable to all sizes and shapes of shower trays.
This standard does not cover shower trays for use with medical provisions.
NOTE 1   For the purpose of this standard the term "domestic purposes" includes use in hotels, accommodation for students, hospitals and similar buildings.
NOTE 2   Annex A lists characteristics of materials commonly used for manufacturing shower trays.

Duschwannen für den Hausgebrauch

Diese Europäische Norm legt Anforderungen, Prüfverfahren sowie Verfahren zur Bewertung der Konformität für Duschwannen für den Hausgebrauch  und persönliche Hygiene fest, die sicherstellen, dass das in Übereinstimmung mit den Herstelleranweisungen eingebaute und gepflegte Produkt für die Nutzung zur persönlichen Hygiene eine zufrieden stellende Reinigbarkeit und Dauerhaftigkeit aufweist.
Diese Norm ist auf alle Größen und Formen von Duschwannen anwendbar.
Diese Norm gilt nicht für Duschwannen für spezielle medizinische Anwendungen.
ANMERKUNG 1   Der Begriff "für den Hausgebrauch" in dieser Norm schließt die Verwendung in Hotels, Studenten-wohnheimen, Krankenhäusern und ähnlichen Einrichtungen ein.
ANMERKUNG 2   Anhang A führt Eigenschaften von Werkstoffen auf, die üblicherweise für die Herstellung von Duschwannen eingesetzt werden.

Receveurs de douche à usage domestique

La présente Norme Européenne détermine les exigences, méthodes d’essai et modes opératoires d’évaluation de la conformité des receveurs de douche à usage domestique, visant à garantir que le produit, s’il est installé, utilisé et entretenu selon les instructions du fabricant, présente les qualités requises d’aptitude au nettoyage et de durabilité, dans le cadre d’une utilisation d’hygiène personnelle.
La présente norme s’applique à toutes les tailles et formes de receveurs de douche.
La présente norme ne traite pas des receveurs de douche utilisés dans le cadre de soins médicaux.
NOTE 1   Pour les besoins de la présente norme, le terme « à usage domestique » inclut l’utilisation en hôtels, en logements pour étudiants, en hôpitaux et autres bâtiments similaires.
NOTE 2   L’Annexe A liste les caractéristiques des matériaux couramment utilisés pour la fabrication des receveurs de douche.

Kadi za prhanje za domačo uporabo

Ta evropski standard določa zahteve, preskusne metode in postopke za oceno skladnosti kadi za prhanje za domačo uporabo, s katerimi se zagotavlja, da bo izdelek, ki je nameščen, uporabljen in vzdrževan v skladu z navodili proizvajalca, izpolnjeval zahteve glede zmožnosti čiščenja in trpežnosti, kadar se uporablja za osebno higieno.
Ta standard se uporablja za vse velikosti in oblike kadi za prhanje.
Ta standard ne zajema kadi za prhanje, za katere veljajo medicinska določila.
OPOMBA 1: za namen tega standarda izraz »domača uporaba« vključuje uporabo v hotelih, namestitvah za študente, bolnišnicah in podobnih stavbah.
OPOMBA 2: v Dodatku A so navedene značilnosti materialov, ki se običajno uporabljajo za izdelavo kadi za prhanje.

General Information

Status
Withdrawn
Publication Date
28-Jun-2016
Withdrawal Date
13-Nov-2018
Current Stage
9960 - Withdrawal effective - Withdrawal
Completion Date
14-Nov-2018

RELATIONS

Effective Date
13-Jun-2018

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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Duschwannen für den HausgebrauchReceveurs de douche à usage domestiqueShower trays for domestic purposes91.140.70Sanitarne napraveSanitary installationsICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 14527:2016SIST EN 14527:2016en,fr,de01-september-2016SIST EN 14527:2016SLOVENSKI

STANDARDSIST EN 14527:2006+A1:20101DGRPHãþD
SIST EN 14527:2016
EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM
EN 14527
June
t r s x ICS
{ sä s v rä y r Supersedes EN
s v w t yã t r r x ªA sã t r s rEnglish Version
Shower trays for domestic purposes Receveurs de douche à usage domestique
Duschwannen für den Hausgebrauch This European Standard was approved by CEN on
u r April
t r s xä

egulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alterationä Upætoædate lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CENæCENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN memberä

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CENæCENELEC Management Centre has the same status as the official versionsä

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austriaá Belgiumá Bulgariaá Croatiaá Cyprusá Czech Republicá Denmarká Estoniaá Finlandá Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedoniaá Franceá Germanyá Greeceá Hungaryá Icelandá Irelandá Italyá Latviaá Lithuaniaá Luxembourgá Maltaá Netherlandsá Norwayá Polandá Portugalá Romaniaá Slovakiaá Sloveniaá Spainá Swedená Switzerlandá Turkey and United Kingdomä

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG

CEN-CENELEC Management Centre:
Avenue Marnix 17,
B-1000 Brussels

t r s x CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Membersä Refä Noä EN

s v w t yã t r s x ESIST EN 14527:2016

EN 14527:2016 (E) 2 Contents Page European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 4 1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 5 2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 5 3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 5 4 Classification ..................................................................................................................................................... 6 5 Requirements for class 1 products ........................................................................................................... 6 5.1 General ................................................................................................................................................................ 6 5.2 Cleanability ........................................................................................................................................................ 6 5.2.1 Appearance of surface ................................................................................................................................... 6 5.2.2 Drainage of water ............................................................................................................................................ 6 5.3 Durability ........................................................................................................................................................... 6 5.3.1 General ................................................................................................................................................................ 6 5.3.2 Stability of bottom .......................................................................................................................................... 6 5.3.3 Resistance to chemicals and staining agents ........................................................................................ 6 5.3.4 Resistance to temperature changes ......................................................................................................... 7 6 Requirements for class 2 products ........................................................................................................... 7 6.1 General ................................................................................................................................................................ 7 6.2 Cleanability ........................................................................................................................................................ 8 6.2.1 Appearance of surface ................................................................................................................................... 8 6.2.2 Drainage of water ............................................................................................................................................ 8 6.3 Durability ........................................................................................................................................................... 8 6.3.1 General ................................................................................................................................................................ 8 6.3.2 Materials ............................................................................................................................................................. 8 7 Dangerous substances ................................................................................................................................... 8 8 Test methods .................................................................................................................................................... 8 8.1 Stability of the bottom of the shower tray ............................................................................................. 8 8.1.1 Test apparatus.................................................................................................................................................. 8 8.1.2 Determination of the load ............................................................................................................................ 8 8.1.3 Procedure........................................................................................................................................................... 9 8.2 Chemical resistance ........................................................................................................................................ 9 8.2.1 Principle ............................................................................................................................................................. 9 8.2.2 Test apparatus and chemicals .................................................................................................................... 9 8.2.3 Test specimens .............................................................................................................................................. 10 8.2.4 Procedure........................................................................................................................................................ 10 8.2.5 Expression of results ................................................................................................................................... 11 8.3 Resistance to temperature changes ...................................................................................................... 11 8.3.1 Test apparatus............................................................................................................................................... 11 8.3.2 Procedure........................................................................................................................................................ 11 9 Marking, labelling and packaging .......................................................................................................... 11 10 Assessment and verification of constancy of performance - AVCP ............................................ 12 10.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 12 10.2 Type testing .................................................................................................................................................... 13 10.2.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 13 10.2.2 Samples, testing and compliance criteria............................................................................................ 13 SIST EN 14527:2016

EN 14527:2016 (E) 3 10.3 Factory production control ....................................................................................................................... 14 10.3.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 14 10.3.2 Equipment ....................................................................................................................................................... 14 10.3.3 Raw materials and components .............................................................................................................. 15 10.3.4 Product testing and assessment .............................................................................................................. 15 10.3.5 Non-conforming products ......................................................................................................................... 15 10.3.6 Corrective action ........................................................................................................................................... 15 Annex A (informative)

Materials .......................................................................................................................... 16 A.1 Synthetic materials ...................................................................................................................................... 16 A.2 Ceramic materials......................................................................................................................................... 16 A.2.1 Vitreous china ................................................................................................................................................ 16 A.2.2 Fireclay ............................................................................................................................................................. 16 A.3 Enamelled materials .................................................................................................................................... 16 A.3.1 Enamelled cast iron ..................................................................................................................................... 16 A.3.2 Enamelled steel ............................................................................................................................................. 16 A.4 Stainless steel ................................................................................................................................................. 17 A.5 Natural stone .................................................................................................................................................. 17 Annex B (informative)

Surface of shower trays .............................................................................................. 18 Annex ZA (informative)

Clauses of this European Standard addressing the provisions of the EU Construction Products Regulation ................................................................................................... 19 ZA.1 Scope and relevant characteristics ........................................................................................................ 19 ZA.2 Procedure for assessment and verification of constancy of performance (AVCP) of shower trays ................................................................................................................................................... 20 ZA.2.1 System of AVCP .............................................................................................................................................. 20 ZA.2.2 Declaration of performance (DoP) ......................................................................................................... 20 ZA.3 CE marking and labelling ........................................................................................................................... 25 Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 27

SIST EN 14527:2016

EN 14527:2016 (E) 4 European foreword This document (EN 14527:2016) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 163 “Sanitary appliances”, the secretariat of which is held by UNI. This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by December 2016, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by March 2018. Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. This document supersedes EN 14527:2006+A1:2010. This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of Regulation (EU) No 305/2011 for construction products (CPR). For relationship with Regulation (EU) No 305/2011 see informative Annex ZA which is an integral part of this European Standard. According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom. SIST EN 14527:2016

EN 14527:2016 (E) 5 1 Scope This European Standard specifies requirements, test methods and procedures for evaluation of conformity for shower trays used for domestic purposes which ensure that the product, when installed, used and maintained in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions, will satisfy cleanability and durability when used for personal hygiene. This standard is applicable to all sizes and shapes of shower trays. This standard does not cover shower trays for use with medical provisions. NOTE 1 For the purpose of this standard the term “domestic purposes” includes use in hotels, accommodation for students, hospitals and similar buildings. NOTE 2 Annex A lists characteristics of materials commonly used for manufacturing shower trays. 2 Normative references The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. EN 251, Shower trays - Connecting dimensions EN ISO 28706-1:2011, Vitreous and porcelain enamels - Determination of resistance to chemical corrosion - Part 1: Determination of resistance to chemical corrosion by acids at room temperature (ISO 28706-1:2008) EN ISO 28706-2:2011, Vitreous and porcelain enamels - Determination of resistance to chemical corrosion - Part 2: Determination of resistance to chemical corrosion by boiling acids, boiling neutral liquids and/or their vapours (ISO 28706-2:2008) EN ISO 28706-3:2011, Vitreous and porcelain enamels - Determination of resistance to chemical corrosion - Part 3: Determination of resistance to chemical corrosion by alkaline liquids using a hexagonal vessel (ISO 28706-3:2008) 3 Terms and definitions For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply. 3.1 shower tray sanitary appliance that collects the water from washing of the human body under a shower and directs it to a waste outlet 3.2 cleanability characteristics which allow the surface intended to come into contact with water to be non-absorbent and readily kept visually free from dirt and/or stains when subject to a maintenance regime which may include, when appropriate, specific instructions for use and care specified by the manufacturer 3.3 durability attributes of materials and their surfaces intended to come into contact with water, which allow the anticipated working life of the product SIST EN 14527:2016

EN 14527:2016 (E) 6 4 Classification Class 1: Products complying with the requirements of Clause 5. Class 2: Products complying with the requirements of Clause 6. 5 Requirements for class 1 products 5.1 General The manufacturer shall provide instructions with each shower tray covering installation and care. NOTE Annex B gives advice which manufacturers can include in their instructions. 5.2 Cleanability 5.2.1 Appearance of surface When a shower tray is inspected under strong and oblique illumination, the surfaces intended to come into contact with water shall be visibly smooth, non-absorbent and free from inaccessible corners that would impair cleanability. NOTE Surfaces with cracks, chips, crazing and other similar defects are not considered to be smooth. 5.2.2 Drainage of water Shower trays shall have at least one waste outlet hole. The dimensions of the waste outlet hole shall comply with the requirements of EN 251. Other dimensions are permissible, if the manufacturer provides or recommends a suitable waste fitting. All water shall empty from the shower tray unless prevented by surface tension. 5.3 Durability 5.3.1 General Conformance with the requirements of 5.3.2 to 5.3.4 give an assurance of durability. 5.3.2 Stability of bottom When tested in accordance with 8.1, there shall be no permanent distortion or other defects, e.g. cracks, such that the requirements of 5.2.2 are not satisfied. 5.3.3 Resistance to chemicals and staining agents 5.3.3.1 General When shower trays, other than those made from the materials specified in 5.3.3.2, are tested in accordance with 8.2, the surface finish shall be unaffected by the chemicals and staining agents specified in Table 1 except for superficial surface changes which are removable with water or with water and the specified abrasive agent. Experience has shown that shower trays made of glazed ceramics comply with these requirements. SIST EN 14527:2016

EN 14527:2016 (E) 7 Table 1 — Chemicals and staining agents Family Product Acids Acetic acid (CH3COOH), 10 % V/V Alkalines Sodium hydroxide (NaOH), 5 % m/m Alcohols Ethanol (C2H5OH), 70 % V/V Bleaches Sodium hypochlorite (NaOCI), 5 % active chlorine (CI2) a Staining agents Methylene blue, 1 % m/m a The above specified bleach may be replaced by sodium percarbonate (2Na2CO3 · 3H2O2) prepared as follows: Dissolve 1 g of a commercial available powdery bleach based on sodium percarbonate containing 15 % to 30 % of the active component in 100 ml de-ionized water at room temperature. 5.3.3.2 Particular requirements for shower trays made of enamelled steel and enamelled cast iron Shower trays made from enamelled steel and enamelled cast iron shall comply with the requirements given in Table 2. Table 2 — Requirements for shower trays made of enamelled steel and enamelled cast iron Requirement Parameter Test method Resistance to boiling water < 10 g/m2 EN ISO 28706-2:2011, Clause 13 Resistance to cold citric acid Class 2a EN ISO 28706-1:2011, Clause 9 Resistance to boiling citric acid < 5 g/m2 EN ISO 28706-2:2011, Clause 10 Resistance to cold sulphuric acid Class 2a EN ISO 28706-1:2011, Clause 10 Resistance to alkali solutions < 8 g/m2 Testing in accordance with EN ISO 28706-2:2011, Clause 14 Test solution in accordance with EN ISO 28706-3:2011, Clause 9 Duration of test: 2,5 h a Class 2 refers to EN ISO 28706-1 5.3.4 Resistance to temperature changes When tested in accordance with 8.3, all shower trays shall show no evidence of distortion or other defects, e.g. crazing, which will impair their cleanability. Experience has shown that shower trays manufactured from the stainless steel grades listed in Annex A, enamelled steel, enamelled cast iron and glazed ceramics comply with this requirement. 6 Requirements for class 2 products 6.1 General The manufacturer shall provide instructions with each shower tray covering installation and care. NOTE Annex B gives advice which manufacturers can include in their instructions. SIST EN 14527:2016

EN 14527:2016 (E) 8 6.2 Cleanability 6.2.1 Appearance of surface When a shower tray is inspected under strong and oblique illumination, the surfaces intended to come into contact with water shall be visibly smooth, non-absorbent and free from inaccessible corners that would impair the cleanability. NOTE Surfaces with cracks, chips, crazing and other similar defects are not considered to be smooth. 6.2.2 Drainage of water Shower trays shall have at least one waste outlet hole. The dimensions of the waste outlet hole shall comply with the requirements of EN 251. Other dimensions are permissible, if the manufacturer provides or recommends a suitable waste fitting. All water shall empty from the shower tray unless prevented by surface tension. 6.3 Durability 6.3.1 General Shower trays shall be readily cleanable for their anticipated working life when normal cleaning and maintenance is carried out. 6.3.2 Materials Experience has shown that shower trays made from plastics materials, enamelled steel, enamelled cast iron, stainless steel, glazed ceramics or glass and their surfaces intended to come into contact with water have the properties described in 6.3.1. 7 Dangerous substances National regulations on dangerous substances may require verification and declaration on release, and sometimes content, when construction products covered by this standard are placed on those markets. In the absence of European harmonized test methods, verification and declaration on release/content should be done taking into account national provisions in the place of use. NOTE An informative database covering European and national provisions on dangerous substances is available at the Construction website on EUROPA accessed through: http:// http://ec.europa.eu/growth/tools-databases/cp-ds/. 8 Test methods 8.1 Stability of the bottom of the shower tray 8.1.1 Test apparatus 8.1.1.1 An adequate number of reinforced cloth bags, each with dimensions of approximately 500 mm x 200 mm filled with lead shot, iron shot or sand of a mass of 25 +0,50 kg or 12,5 +0,50 kg. 8.1.2 Determination of the load The load to be applied for the test shall comprise the adequate number of cloth bags (see 8.1.1) equating to 100 kg. SIST EN 14527:2016

EN 14527:2016 (E) 9 8.1.3 Procedure — Install the shower tray in accordance with the manufacturer's installation instructions. — Position the adequate number of bags in the geometric centre of shower tray as shown in Figure 1.

Figure 1 — Load application — Leave the load for 10 +10 min. — On completion of the tests remove all the bags. — After 10 +10 min verify that the shower tray complies with 5.3.2 by pouring copious amounts of water coloured in contrast with that of the shower tray around all the inner surface of the sides of the showering area. 8.2 Chemical resistance 8.2.1 Principle The test is intended to give an indication of the effect of commonly used household chemicals, staining agents and cleansing agents. 8.2.2 Test apparatus and chemicals 8.2.2.1 Chemicals and stains: A list of chemicals and stains to be used is specified in Table 1. Each chemical solution shall be prepared immediately before use with de-ionized water, and it shall be applied at a temperature (23 ± 5) °C. 8.2.2.2 Borosilicate watch glasses: 40 mm nominal diameter. 8.2.2.3 Pipettes. 8.2.2.4 Cleaning device: A typical cleaning device is shown in Figure 2. It consists of a disc of 75 mm diameter, faced with synthetic flexible open cell foam 15 mm in thickness. The device is driven by means of a square axle which fits loosely into the device. Any device having a mass of (1 000 ± 50) g can be used. SIST EN 14527:2016

EN 14527:2016 (E) 10

Key 1 square axle (a = b – 1 mm) 2 disc faced with foam Figure 2 — Cleaning device 8.2.2.5 Abrasive comprising 12 h-alumina (suspension of aluminium oxide in water)1). 8.2.3 Test specimens Carry out the tests on the bottom, and on a flat part of the wall of the shower tray or on test specimens cut from these areas. 8.2.4 Procedure — Select an area to be tested. — Use each test area only once for each application. Clean the test area thoroughly with hot soapy water, rinse and wipe dry with a clean dry cloth. — At each of the test areas deposit a drop of the test solution. Cover the drop with a watch glass concave face downwards. The drop size shall be such that it is completely covered by the watch glass. Leave for (120 ± 5) min with the test area protected from sunlight. — Thoroughly rinse the test areas with de-ionized water and visually check for any adverse change in appearance. If any deterioration is noticed, dip the foam disc in de-ionized water and place it on the surface that was tested. Rotate the cleaning device at a speed of 60 min1. Clean for 30 revolutions. — Rinse with de-ionized water, dry and visually re-examine the test areas. If any deterioration persists, repeat the cleaning process using the abrasive comprising 12 h-aluminia suspended in water and re-examine.

1) A suitable product is available from MERCK Eurolab-Prolabo, 54 rue Roger Salengro, 94126 Fontenay sous Bois CEDEX, France, as DURMAXTM under product description N° 20993. This information is given for the convenience of users of this standard and does not constitute an endorsement by CEN of this product. SIST EN 14527:2016

EN 14527:2016 (E) 11 8.2.5 Expression of results a) Note the exact test area. b) Record: 1) whether or not the reagent causes a stain or deterioration of the surface; 2) whether or not such stain or deterioration is removed, and if so, whether with water or with water including abrasive agent. 8.3 Resistance to temperature changes 8.3.1 Test apparatus 8.3.1.1 Water supply capable of discharging cold and hot water with temperatures, flow rates and volumes as defined in 8.3.2. 8.3.1.2 Shower handset. 8.3.1.3 Thermometer with an accuracy of 1 % at the measured values. 8.3.1.4 Flow meter for measuring a flow rate of water at (0,15 ± 0,015) l/s. 8.3.2 Procedure — By means of the shower handset 1 m above the floor of the shower tray in such a way that the water spray impinges on the edge of the shower tray and at least half of the shower tray floor, discharge (90 ± 1) l of water with a temperature of (75 ± 2) °C and a flow rate of (0,15 ± 0,015) l/s with the waste outlet hole open. — Discharge immediately afterwards the same quantity of cold water with a temperature of (12 ± 3) °C and at the same flow rate as before with the waste outlet hole open. — Repeat this procedure 100 times without interruption. — After the last cycle apply over the surface, by means of a sponge or a paint brush, a solution of eosine in water of 100 g/l to which is added 1 cm3/l of liquid detergent. Leave for 5+10 min, then remove the eosine from the surface by cleaning with a damp cloth. — Visually check for any adverse change in appearance and for any trace of eosine. — Record any failure to comply with the requirements of 5.3.4. 9 Marking, labelling and packaging The relevant Essential Characteristics for shower trays including their abbreviations are given in Table 3. SIST EN 14527:2016

EN 14527:2016 (E) 12 Table 3 — Characteristics and abbreviations Abbreviation Characteristics EN 14527 Number of European Standard for shower trays for product description CA Cleanability CL 1 Class 1 product complying with the requirement of Clause 5 CL 2 Class 2 product complying with the requirement of Clause 6 DA Durability All shower trays shall be designated in accordance with the following system: Class

Number of Standard
EN 14527 - CL 1
CA — DA
Cleanabiblity
Durability

The second line of the designation code can be omitted when those characteristics are fulfilled. EXAMPLE 1 For a shower tray of Class 1 where all Essential Characteristics specified in accordance with Annex ZA are satisfied. EN 14527 — CL 1 EXAMPLE 2 For a shower tray of both Class 1 and Class 2 where all Essential Characteristics specified in accordance with Annex ZA are satisfied. EN 14527 — CL 1 + CL 2 NOTE For CE marking, see Annex ZA. 10 Assessment and verification of constancy of performance - AVCP 10.1 General The compliance of a shower tray with the requirements of this standard and with the performances declared by the manufacturer in the Declaration of Performance (DoP) shall be demonstrated by: — determination of the product type (see 10.2); — factory production control by the manufacturer (FPC), including

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