Nanotechnologies - Vocabulary - Part 3: Carbon nano-objects (ISO/TS 80004-3:2020)

This document defines terms related to carbon nano-objects in the field of nanotechnologies.
It is intended to facilitate communication between organizations' and individuals' research, industry and other interested parties and those who interact with them. Additional terms and definitions for graphene and two-dimensional materials (2D) materials are provided in ISO/TS 80004-13.
Related carbon nanoscale materials are given in Annex A.

Nanotechnologien - Fachwörterverzeichnis - Teil 3: Kohlenstoff-Nanoobjekte (ISO/TS 80004-3:2020)

Dieses Dokument definiert Benennungen zu Kohlenstoff-Nanoobjekten für das Gebiet der Nanotechnologie.
Ziel ist die Erleichterung der Kommunikation zwischen in der Forschung tätigen Organisationen und Einzelpersonen, der Industrie und anderen interessierten Parteien und denjenigen, die mit ihnen zusammenarbeiten. Weitere Benennungen und Definitionen zu Graphen und zweidimensionalen (2D) Materialien sind in ISO/TS 80004 13 enthalten.
Verwandte nanoskalige Kohlenstoffmaterialien sind in Anhang A angegeben.

Nanotechnologies - Vocabulaire - Partie 3: Nano-objets carbonés (ISO/TS 80004-3:2020)

Le présent document définit une liste de termes liés aux nano-objets carbonés dans le domaine des nanotechnologies.
Elle est destinée à faciliter la communication entre différents organismes et membres de la recherche, l'industrie, et d'autres parties intéressées ainsi que leurs interlocuteurs. Des termes et définitions supplémentaires pour le graphène et les matériaux bidimensionnels (2D) sont donnés dans l'ISO/TS 80004-13.
Des matériaux carbonés connexes à l'échelle nanométrique sont donnés à l'Annexe A.

Nanotehnologije - Slovar - 3. del: Ogljikovi nanogradniki (ISO/TS 80004-3:2020)

General Information

Status
Published
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing
Due Date
25-Nov-2020
Completion Date
25-Nov-2020

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST-TS CEN ISO/TS 80004-3:2021
01-januar-2021
Nadomešča:
SIST-TS CEN ISO/TS 80004-3:2015
Nanotehnologije - Slovar - 3. del: Ogljikovi nanogradniki (ISO/TS 80004-3:2020)

Nanotechnologies - Vocabulary - Part 3: Carbon nano-objects (ISO/TS 80004-3:2020)

Nanotechnologien - Fachwörterverzeichnis - Teil 3: Kohlenstoff-Nanoobjekte (ISO/TS

80004-3:2020)
Nanotechnologies - Vocabulaire - Partie 3: Nano-objets carbonés (ISO/TS 80004-
3:2020)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: CEN ISO/TS 80004-3:2020
ICS:
01.040.07 Naravoslovne in uporabne Natural and applied sciences
vede (Slovarji) (Vocabularies)
07.120 Nanotehnologije Nanotechnologies
SIST-TS CEN ISO/TS 80004-3:2021 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST-TS CEN ISO/TS 80004-3:2021
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST-TS CEN ISO/TS 80004-3:2021
CEN ISO/TS 80004-3
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION
SPÉCIFICATION TECHNIQUE
November 2020
TECHNISCHE SPEZIFIKATION
ICS 01.040.07; 07.120 Supersedes CEN ISO/TS 80004-3:2014
English Version
Nanotechnologies - Vocabulary - Part 3: Carbon nano-
objects (ISO/TS 80004-3:2020)

Nanotechnologies - Vocabulaire - Partie 3: Nano-objets Nanotechnologien - Fachwörterverzeichnis - Teil 3:

carbonés (ISO/TS 80004-3:2020) Kohlenstoff-Nanoobjekte (ISO/TS 80004-3:2020)

This Technical Specification (CEN/TS) was approved by CEN on 26 October 2020 for provisional application.

The period of validity of this CEN/TS is limited initially to three years. After two years the members of CEN will be requested to

submit their comments, particularly on the question whether the CEN/TS can be converted into a European Standard.

CEN members are required to announce the existence of this CEN/TS in the same way as for an EN and to make the CEN/TS

available promptly at national level in an appropriate form. It is permissible to keep conflicting national standards in force (in

parallel to the CEN/TS) until the final decision about the possible conversion of the CEN/TS into an EN is reached.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2020 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. CEN ISO/TS 80004-3:2020 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST-TS CEN ISO/TS 80004-3:2021
CEN ISO/TS 80004-3:2020 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
SIST-TS CEN ISO/TS 80004-3:2021
CEN ISO/TS 80004-3:2020 (E)
European foreword

This document (CEN ISO/TS 80004-3:2020) has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 229

"Nanotechnologies" in collaboration with Technical Committee CEN/TC 352 “Nanotechnologies” the

secretariat of which is held by AFNOR.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes CEN ISO/TS 80004-3:2014.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the

following countries are bound to announce this Technical Specification: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland,

Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of

North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the

United Kingdom.
Endorsement notice

The text of ISO/TS 80004-3:2020 has been approved by CEN as CEN ISO/TS 80004-3:2020 without any

modification.
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
SIST-TS CEN ISO/TS 80004-3:2021
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
SIST-TS CEN ISO/TS 80004-3:2021
TECHNICAL ISO/TS
SPECIFICATION 80004-3
Second edition
2020-11
Nanotechnologies — Vocabulary —
Part 3:
Carbon nano-objects
Nanotechnologies — Vocabulaire —
Partie 3: Nano-objets carbonés
Reference number
ISO/TS 80004-3:2020(E)
ISO 2020
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
SIST-TS CEN ISO/TS 80004-3:2021
ISO/TS 80004-3:2020(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2020

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
SIST-TS CEN ISO/TS 80004-3:2021
ISO/TS 80004-3:2020(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3.1 Basic terms used in the description of carbon nano-objects .......................................................................... 1

3.2 Terms describing specific types of carbon nanoparticles .................................................................................. 5

3.3 Terms describing specific types of carbon nanofibres and nanoplates ................................................. 5

3.4 Terms describing nanostructured carbon nano-objects ..................................................................................... 7

Annex A (informative) Related carbon nanoscale materials ....................................................................................................... 8

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 9

Index .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................10

© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
SIST-TS CEN ISO/TS 80004-3:2021
ISO/TS 80004-3:2020(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/ directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/ patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO’s adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT), see www .iso .org/

iso/ foreword .html.

This document was prepared jointly by Technical Committee ISO/TC 229, Nanotechnologies, and

Technical Committee IEC/TC 113, Nanotechnology for electrotechnical products and systems, in

collaboration with the European Committee for Standardization (CEN) Technical Committee CEN/

TC 352, Nanotechnologies, in accordance with the Agreement on technical cooperation between ISO and

CEN (Vienna Agreement). The draft was circulated for voting to the national bodies of both ISO and IEC.

This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition (ISO/TS 80004-3:2010), which has been

technically revised throughout.
A list of all parts in the ISO/TS 80004 series can be found on the ISO website.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/ members .html.
iv © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
SIST-TS CEN ISO/TS 80004-3:2021
ISO/TS 80004-3:2020(E)
Introduction

In the last three decades, various new forms of nanoscale carbon materials, including fullerenes,

graphene and carbon nanotubes, have been discovered, synthesized and manufactured. These are

promising materials for many industrial fields associated with nanotechnologies because of their

unique electronic, electromagnetic, thermal, optical and mechanical properties.

In the context of increasing scientific knowledge and a growing number of technical terms in the

field of nanotechnologies (see the Bibliography), the purpose of this document is to define important

terms and concepts for carbon nano-objects in a precise and consistent manner, while clarifying their

interrelationship, as well as their relationship, to existing terms previously used for conventional

carbon materials.

This document belongs to a multi-part vocabulary covering the different aspects of nanotechnologies.

Most of the definitions in this document are deliberately determined so as to be in harmony with a

rational hierarchical system of terminology under development for nanotechnologies, although in some

cases the hierarchical approach needs to be compromised due to the specific usage of individual terms.

ISO/TS 80004-13 further complements this document by providing terms and definitions for graphene

and related two-dimensional (2D) materials. A subset of these terms is only noted herein.

© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved v
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
SIST-TS CEN ISO/TS 80004-3:2021
---------------------- Page: 12 ----------------------
SIST-TS CEN ISO/TS 80004-3:2021
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION ISO/TS 80004-3:2020(E)
Nanotechnologies — Vocabulary —
Part 3:
Carbon nano-objects
1 Scope

This document defines terms related to carbon nano-objects in the field of nanotechnologies.

It is intended to facilitate communication between organizations’ and individuals’ research, industry

and other interested parties and those who interact with them. Additional terms and definitions for

graphene and two-dimensional materials (2D) materials are provided in ISO/TS 80004-13.

Related carbon nanoscale materials are given in Annex A.
2 Normative references
There are no normative references in this document.
3 Terms and definitions

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https:// www .iso .org/ obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at http:// www .electropedia .org/
3.1 Basic terms used in the description of carbon nano-objects
3.1.1
nanoscale
length range approximately from 1 nm to 100 nm

Note 1 to entry: Properties that are not extrapolations from a larger size are predominantly exhibited in this

length range.
[SOURCE: ISO/TS 80004-1:2015, 2.1]
3.1.2
nanomaterial

material with any external dimension in the nanoscale (3.1.1) or having internal structure or surface

structure in the nanoscale

Note 1 to entry: This generic term is inclusive of nano-object (3.1.3) and nanostructured material (3.1.4).

Note 2 to entry: See also “engineered nanomaterial”, “manufactured nanomaterial” and “incidental nanomaterial”.

[SOURCE: ISO/TS 80004-1:2015, 2.4]
3.1.3
nano-object

discrete piece of material with one, two or three external dimensions in the nanoscale (3.1.1)

Note 1 to entry: The second and third external dimensions are orthogonal to the first dimension and to each other.

© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved 1
---------------------- Page: 13 ----------------------
SIST-TS CEN ISO/TS 80004-3:2021
ISO/TS 80004-3:2020(E)
[SOURCE: ISO/TS 80004-1:2015, 2.5]
3.1.4
nanostructured material
material having internal nanostructure or surface nanostructure

Note 1 to entry: This definition does not exclude the possibility for a nano-object (3.1.3) to have internal structure

or surface structure. If external dimension(s) are in the nanoscale (3.1.1), the term “nano-object” is recommended.

[SOURCE: ISO/TS 80004-1:2015, 2.7]
3.1.5
nanoparticle

nano-object (3.1.3) with all external dimensions in the nanoscale (3.1.1) where the lengths of the longest

and the shortest axes of the nano-object do not differ significantly

Note 1 to entry: If the dimensions differ significantly (typically by more than three times), terms such as nanofibre

(3.1.7) or nanoplate (3.1.6) may be preferred to the term “nanoparticle”.
[SOURCE: ISO/TS 80004-2:2015, 4.4]
3.1.6
nanoplate

nano-object (3.1.3) with one external dimension in the nanoscale (3.1.1) and the other two external

dimensions significantly larger
Note 1 to entry: The larger e
...

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
kSIST-TS FprCEN ISO/TS 80004-3:2020
01-september-2020
Nanotehnologije - Slovar - 3. del: Ogljikovi nanogradniki (ISO/PRF TS 80004-
3:2020)
Nanotechnologies - Vocabulary - Part 3: Carbon nano-objects (ISO/PRF TS 80004-
3:2020)

Nanotechnologien - Fachwörterverzeichnis - Teil 3: Kohlenstoff-Nanoobjekte (ISO/PRF

TS 80004-3:2020)

Nanotechnologies - Vocabulaire - Partie 3: Nano-objets carbonés (ISO/PRF TS 80004-

3:2020)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: FprCEN ISO/TS 80004-3
ICS:
01.040.07 Naravoslovne in uporabne Natural and applied sciences
vede (Slovarji) (Vocabularies)
07.120 Nanotehnologije Nanotechnologies
kSIST-TS FprCEN ISO/TS 80004-3:2020 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
kSIST-TS FprCEN ISO/TS 80004-3:2020
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
kSIST-TS FprCEN ISO/TS 80004-3:2020
TECHNICAL ISO/TS
SPECIFICATION 80004-3
Second edition
Nanotechnologies — Vocabulary —
Part 3:
Carbon nano-objects
Nanotechnologies — Vocabulaire —
Partie 3: Nano-objets carbonés
Member bodies are requested to consult relevant national interests in IEC/TC
113 before casting their ballot to the e-Balloting application.
PROOF/ÉPREUVE
Reference number
ISO/TS 80004-3:2020(E)
ISO 2020
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
kSIST-TS FprCEN ISO/TS 80004-3:2020
ISO/TS 80004-3:2020(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2020

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii PROOF/ÉPREUVE © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
kSIST-TS FprCEN ISO/TS 80004-3:2020
ISO/TS 80004-3:2020(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3.1 Basic terms used in the description of carbon nano-objects .......................................................................... 1

3.2 Terms describing specific types of carbon nanoparticles .................................................................................. 5

3.3 Terms describing specific types of carbon nanofibres and nanoplates ................................................. 5

3.4 Terms describing nanostructured carbon nano-objects ..................................................................................... 7

Annex A (informative) Related carbon nanoscale materials ....................................................................................................... 8

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 9

Index .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................10

© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved PROOF/ÉPREUVE iii
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
kSIST-TS FprCEN ISO/TS 80004-3:2020
ISO/TS 80004-3:2020(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/ directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/ patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO’s adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT), see www .iso .org/

iso/ foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 229, Nanotechnologies, in collaboration

with the European Committee for Standardization (CEN) Technical Committee CEN/TC 352,

Nanotechnologies, in accordance with the Agreement on technical cooperation between ISO and CEN

(Vienna Agreement).

This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition (ISO/TS 80004-3:2010), which has been

technically revised throughout.
A list of all parts in the ISO/TS 80004 series can be found on the ISO website.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/ members .html.
iv PROOF/ÉPREUVE © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
kSIST-TS FprCEN ISO/TS 80004-3:2020
ISO/TS 80004-3:2020(E)
Introduction

In the last three decades, various new forms of nanoscale carbon materials, including fullerenes,

graphene and carbon nanotubes, have been discovered, synthesized and manufactured. These are

promising materials for many industrial fields associated with nanotechnologies because of their

unique electronic, electromagnetic, thermal, optical and mechanical properties.

In the context of increasing scientific knowledge and a growing number of technical terms in the

field of nanotechnologies (see the Bibliography), the purpose of this document is to define important

terms and concepts for carbon nano-objects in a precise and consistent manner, while clarifying their

interrelationship, as well as their relationship, to existing terms previously used for conventional

carbon materials.

This document belongs to a multi-part vocabulary covering the different aspects of nanotechnologies.

Most of the definitions in this document are deliberately determined so as to be in harmony with a

rational hierarchical system of terminology under development for nanotechnologies, although in some

cases the hierarchical approach needs to be compromised due to the specific usage of individual terms.

ISO/TS 80004-13 further complements this document by providing terms and definitions for graphene

and related two-dimensional (2D) materials. A subset of these terms is only noted herein.

© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved PROOF/ÉPREUVE v
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
kSIST-TS FprCEN ISO/TS 80004-3:2020
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
kSIST-TS FprCEN ISO/TS 80004-3:2020
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION ISO/TS 80004-3:2020(E)
Nanotechnologies — Vocabulary —
Part 3:
Carbon nano-objects
1 Scope

This document defines terms related to carbon nano-objects in the field of nanotechnologies.

It is intended to facilitate communication between organizations’ and individuals’ research, industry

and other interested parties and those who interact with them. Additional terms and definitions for

graphene and two-dimensional materials (2D) materials are provided in ISO/TS 80004-13.

Related carbon nanoscale materials are given in Annex A.
2 Normative references
There are no normative references in this document.
3 Terms and definitions

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https:// www .iso .org/ obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at http:// www .electropedia .org/
3.1 Basic terms used in the description of carbon nano-objects
3.1.1
nanoscale
length range approximately from 1 nm to 100 nm

Note 1 to entry: Properties that are not extrapolations from a larger size are predominantly exhibited in this

length range.
[SOURCE: ISO/TS 80004-1:2015, 2.1]
3.1.2
nanomaterial

material with any external dimension in the nanoscale (3.1.1) or having internal structure or surface

structure in the nanoscale

Note 1 to entry: This generic term is inclusive of nano-object (3.1.3) and nanostructured material (3.1.4).

Note 2 to entry: See also “engineered nanomaterial”, “manufactured nanomaterial” and “incidental nanomaterial”.

[SOURCE: ISO/TS 80004-1:2015, 2.4]
3.1.3
nano-object

discrete piece of material with one, two or three external dimensions in the nanoscale (3.1.1)

Note 1 to entry: The second and third external dimensions are orthogonal to the first dimension and to each other.

© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved PROOF/ÉPREUVE 1
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
kSIST-TS FprCEN ISO/TS 80004-3:2020
ISO/TS 80004-3:2020(E)
[SOURCE: ISO/TS 80004-1:2015, 2.5]
3.1.4
nanostructured material
material having internal nanostructure or surface nanostructure

Note 1 to entry: This definition does not exclude the possibility for a nano-object (3.1.3) to have internal structure

or surface structure. If external dimension(s) are in the nanoscale (3.1.1), the term “nano-object” is recommended.

[SOURCE: ISO/TS 80004-1:2015, 2.7]
3.1.5
nanoparticle

nano-object (3.1.3) with all external dimensions in the nanoscale (3.1.1) where the lengths of the longest

and the shortest axes of the nano-object do not differ significantly

Note 1 to entry: If the dimensions differ significantly (typically by more than three times), terms such as nanofibre

(3.1.7) or nanoplate (3.1.6) may be preferred to the term “nanoparticle”.
[SOURCE: ISO/TS 80004-2:2015, 4.4]
3.1.6
nanoplate

nano-object (3.1.3) with one external dimension in the nanoscale (3.1.1) and the other two external

dimensions significantly larger

Note 1 to entry: The larger external dimensions are not necessarily in the nanoscale.

Note 2 to entry: See 3.1.3, Note 1 to entry. The smallest external dimension is the thickness of the nanoplate.

[SOURCE: ISO/TS 80004-2:2015, 4.6, modified —Note 2 to entry has been replaced.]
3.1.7
nanofibre

nano-object (3.1.3) with two external dimensions in the nanoscale (3.1.1) and the third dimension

significantly larger

Note 1 to entry: The largest external dimension is not necessarily in the nanoscale.

Note 2 to entry: The terms “nanofibril” and “nanofilament” can also be used.

Note 3 to entry: See 3.1.3, Note 1 to entry. Nano-object with two similar external dimensions in the nanoscale

and the third dimension significantly larger.
[SOURCE: ISO/TS 80004-2:2015, 4.5, Note 3 to entry has been replaced.]
3.1.8
nanotube
hollow nanofibre (3.1.7)
[SOURCE: ISO/TS 80004-2:2015, 4.8]
3.1.9
nanorod
solid nanofibre (3.1.7)
[SOURCE: ISO/TS 80004-2:2015, 4.7]
3.1.10
nano-onion
spheroidal nanoparticle (3.1.5) with a concentric multiple shell structure
2 PROOF/ÉPREUVE © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
kSIST-TS FprCEN ISO/TS 80004-3:2020
ISO/TS 80004-3:2020(E)
3.1.11
nanocone
cone-shaped nanofibre (3.1.7) or nanoparticle (3.1.5)
3.1.12
nanoribbon
nanotape

nanoplate (3.1.6) with the two larger dimensions significantly different from each other

Note 1 to entry: See 3.1.3, Note 1 to entry.
[SOURCE: ISO/TS 80004-2:2015, 4.10]
3.1.13
graphene
monolayer graphene
single-layer graphene

single layer (3.1.15) of carbon atoms with each atom bound to three neighbours in a honeycomb

structure

Note 1 to entry: It is an important building block of many carbon nano-objects (3.1.3).

Note 2 to entry: As graphene is a single layer, it is also sometimes called “monolayer graphene” or “single-layer

graphene” and abbreviated as “1LG” to distinguish it from bilayer graphene (2LG) (3.1.17)

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