Aerospace series - Quality systems - First article inspection requirements

1.1   General
This European Standard establishes the baseline requirements for performing and documenting FAI. Should there be a conflict between the requirements of this European Standard and applicable statutory or regulatory requirements, the applicable statutory or regulatory requirements shall take precedence.
1.2   Purpose
The primary purpose of FAI is to validate that product realization processes are capable of producing parts and assemblies that meet engineering and design requirements. A well-planned and executed FAI will provide objective evidence the manufacturer’s processes can produce compliant product and that they have understood and incorporated associated requirements. FAI will:
•   Provide confidence that the product realization processes are capable of producing conforming product.
•   Demonstrate that the manufacturers and processors of the product have an understanding of the associated requirements.
•   Provide objective evidence of process capability.
•   Reduce potential risks associated with production start-up and/or process changes.
•   Provide assurance of product conformance at the start of production and after changes outlined in this European Standard.
An FAI is intended to:
•   Reduce future escapes, risks, and total costs.
•   Help ensure safety of flight.
•   Improve quality, delivery, and customer satisfaction.
•   Reduce costs and production delays associated with product nonconformances.
•   Identify product realization processes that are not capable of producing conforming product, and initiate and/or validate corrective actions.
1.3   Application
This European Standard applies to organizations that are responsible for producing the design characteristics of the product (i.e., product realization). The organization shall flow down the requirements of this European Standard to suppliers or processors who produce design characteristics.
This European Standard applies to assemblies, sub-assemblies, and detail parts including castings, forgings, and modifications to standard catalogue or Commercial-Off-the-Shelf (COTS) items.
Unless contractually required, this European Standard does not apply to:
•   Development and prototype parts that are not considered as part of the first production run.
•   Unique single run production orders, not intended for ongoing production (e.g., out-of-production spares).
•   Procured standard catalogue items, COTS, or deliverable software.

Luft- und Raumfahrt - Qualitätsmanagementsysteme - Anforderungen an die Erstmusterprüfung

Série aérospatiale - Systèmes qualité - Exigences pour la revue premier article

1.1   Généralités
La présente norme européenne établit les exigences fondamentales pour réaliser et documenter la revue premier article (FAI). En cas de conflit entre les exigences de la présente norme et des exigences légales ou réglementaires, les exigences légales ou reglémentaires doivent avoir préséance.
1.2   Objet
L'objectif premier de la FAI est de valider que les procédés de réalisation des produits sont à même de produire des pièces et des ensembles qui satisfont les exigences d'ingénierie et de conception. Une FAI bien planifiée et effectuée apporte une preuve objective que les procédés du fabricant peuvent réaliser des produits conformes et que les exigences associées sont comprises et incluses. La FAI :
•   Donne confiance dans les procédés de fabrication du produit et dans leurs capacités à fournir un produit conforme.
•   Prouve que les fabricants et les opérateurs du produit comprennent les exigences associés.
•   Fournit la preuve objective des capacités du procédé.
•   Réduit les risques potentiels associés au démarrage de la production et/ou à des modifications de procédé.
•   Garantit la conformité du produit au début de la production et après les changements définis dans la présente norme.
Une FAI est prévue pour :
•   Réduire les fuites, les risques et les coûts totaux futurs.
•   Aider à garantir la sécurité des vols.
•   Améliorer la qualité, la livraison et la satisfaction client.
•   Réduire les coûts et les délais de production associés aux non-conformités du produit.
•   Identifier les procédés de fabrication du produit qui sont dans l'incapacité de fournir un produit conforme, ainsi qu'amorcer et/ou valider les actions correctives.
1.3   Application
La présente norme s’applique aux organismes responsables de produire selon les caractéristiques de conception du produit (par exemple : réalisation du produit). L’organisme devra transmettre les exigences de la présente norme à toute la chaîne des fournisseurs ou fabricants qui réalisent des caractéristiques de conception.
La présente norme s'applique aux ensembles, aux sous-ensembles et aux pièces constitutives, y compris aux pièces forgées ou coulées et aux modifications des articles catalogue standards ou sur étagère (COTS).
Sauf exigence contractuelle, la présente norme ne s'applique pas :
•   Aux pièces prototypes et de développement qui ne sont pas considérées comme des articles de la première production de série.
•   Aux ordres de production uniques en une seule phase de production, non prévus pour une production continue (par exemple : des pièces de rechange hors production).
•   Aux articles catalogue standards, aux COTS ou aux logiciels livrables approvisionnés.

Aeronavtika - Sistem vodenja kakovosti - Zahteve za prvi pregled vzorcev

Ta evropski standard postavlja osnovne zahteve za izvedbo in dokumentiranje za prvi pregled vzorcev (FAI). V primeru navzkrižja med zahtevami tega evropskega standarda in ustreznimi zakonskimi
ali regulativnimi zahtevami je treba prednostno upoštevati ustrezne zakonske ali regulativne zahteve.
1.2 Namen
Primarni namen prvega pregleda vzorcev je potrditi, da procesi realizacije izdelka omogočajo proizvodnjo delov in sestavov, ki izpolnjujejo zahteve inženiringa in projektiranja. Dobro načrtovan in izveden prvi pregled vzorcev bo zagotovil objektivne dokaze, da proizvajalčevi procesi lahko proizvedejo skladen izdelek ter da ti razumejo in upoštevajo s tem povezane zahteve. Prvi pregled vzorcev bo:
• utrdil zaupanje, da procesi realizacije izdelka omogočajo proizvodnjo skladnega izdelka,;
• prikazal, da proizvajalci in obdelovalci izdelka razumejo z izdelkom povezane zahteve;
• zagotovil objektivne dokaze o zmožnosti procesa;
• zmanjšal morebitna tveganja, povezana z začetkom proizvodnje in/ali spremembami procesa;
• podal zagotovilo o skladnosti izdelka ob začetku proizvodnje in po spremembah, opredeljenih v tem evropskem standardu.
Prvi pregled vzorcev je namenjen:
• zmanjšanju prihodnjih napak, tveganj in skupnih stroškov;
• zagotavljanju varnosti leta;
• izboljšanju kakovosti, dobave in zadovoljstva strank;
• zmanjšanju stroškov in zastojev proizvodnje, povezanih z neskladnostjo izdelka;
• prepoznavanju procesov realizacije izdelka, ki ne omogočajo proizvodnje skladnega izdelka, in sprejemanju in/ali potrjevanju korektivnih ukrepov.
1.3 Uporaba
Ta evropski standard se uporablja za organizacije, ki so odgovorne za proizvodnjo projektnih lastnosti izdelka (tj. za realizacijo izdelka). Organizacija bo zahteve tega evropskega standarda posredovala dobaviteljem ali obdelovalcem, ki proizvajajo projektne lastnosti. Ta evropski standard se uporablja za sestave, podsestave in posamezne dele, vključno z ulitki, izkovki, in spremembami izdelkov iz standardnega kataloga ali standardnih izdelkov (COTS). Če ni pogodbeno dogovorjeno drugače, se ta evropski standard ne uporablja za:
• razvojne dele in prototipe, ki ne spadajo v prvo proizvodno serijo,
• unikatna proizvodna naročila v okviru ene serije, ki niso namenjena trajni proizvodnji (npr. nadomestni deli, ki se ne proizvajajo več),
• izdelke, dobavljene iz standardnega kataloga, standardne izdelke ali dobavljivo programsko opremo.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
22-Dec-2015
Technical Committee
Drafting Committee
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing
Due Date
23-Dec-2015
Completion Date
23-Dec-2015

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 9102:2016
01-marec-2016
1DGRPHãþD
SIST EN 9102:2009
Aeronavtika - Sistem vodenja kakovosti - Zahteve za prvi pregled vzorcev
Aerospace series - Quality systems - First article inspection requirements
Luft- und Raumfahrt - Qualitätsmanagement - Erstmusterprüfung Anforderungen
Série aérospatiale - Systèmes qualité - Exigences pour la revue premier article
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 9102:2015
ICS:
03.120.10 Vodenje in zagotavljanje Quality management and
kakovosti quality assurance
49.020 Letala in vesoljska vozila na Aircraft and space vehicles in
splošno general
SIST EN 9102:2016 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN 9102:2016
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SIST EN 9102:2016
EN 9102
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
December 2015
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 03.120.10; 49.020 Supersedes EN 9102:2006
English Version
Aerospace series - Quality systems - First article inspection
requirements

Série aérospatiale - Systèmes qualité - Exigences pour Luft- und Raumfahrt - Qualitätsmanagement -

la revue premier article Erstmusterprüfung Anforderungen
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 27 September 2015.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

© 2015 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 9102:2015 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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EN 9102:2015 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

RATIONALE ....................................................................................................................................................................... 4

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 5

1.1 General ................................................................................................................................................................ 5

1.2 Purpose ............................................................................................................................................................... 5

1.3 Application ........................................................................................................................................................ 5

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 6

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 6

4 Requirements ................................................................................................................................................... 8

4.1 Part requirements .......................................................................................................................................... 8

4.2 First article inspection planning ............................................................................................................... 8

4.3 Digital product definition requirements ................................................................................................ 9

4.4 Nonconformance handling .......................................................................................................................... 9

4.5 Evaluation activities .................................................................................................................................... 10

4.6 Partial or re-accomplishment of first article inspection ............................................................... 10

4.7 Documentation .............................................................................................................................................. 11

4.7.1 Forms ................................................................................................................................................................ 11

4.7.2 Characteristic accountability ................................................................................................................... 11

4.7.3 Record results ............................................................................................................................................... 11

4.8 Control of records ........................................................................................................................................ 12

5 Notes ................................................................................................................................................................. 12

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 24

Annex A (informative) Acronym log ..................................................................................................................... 13

Annex B (normative) 9102 Forms and supporting form instructions ..................................................... 14

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European foreword

This document (EN 9102:2015) has been prepared by the Aerospace and Defence Industries

Association of Europe - Standardization (ASD-STAN).

After enquiries and votes carried out in accordance with the rules of this Association, this European

Standard has received the approval of the National Associations and the Official Services of the member

countries of ASD, prior to its presentation to CEN.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by June 2016, and conflicting national standards shall be

withdrawn at the latest by June 2016.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent

rights.
This document supersedes EN 9102:2006.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia,

Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France,

Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands,

Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the

United Kingdom.
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RATIONALE

This European Standard was revised to emphasize the value of the First Article Inspection (FAI) process

to an organization, separate and enhance the planning and evaluation activities, and define Digital

Product Definition (DPD) and its relationship to the FAI process. Additional changes to the standard

requirements, definitions, and associated notes were incorporated in response to stakeholder needs.

To assure customer satisfaction, aviation, space, and defence organizations must produce and

continually improve safe, reliable products that meet or exceed customer and applicable statutory and

regulatory requirements. The globalization of the industry and the resulting diversity of regional and

national requirements and expectations have complicated this objective. Organizations face the

challenge of purchasing products from suppliers throughout the world and at all levels of the supply

chain. Industry suppliers and processors face the challenge of delivering products to multiple

customers having varying quality requirements and expectations.

The aviation, space, and defence industry established the International Aerospace Quality Group (IAQG)

for the purpose of achieving significant improvements in quality and safety, and reductions in cost

throughout the value stream. This organization includes representation from companies in the

Americas, Asia/Pacific, and Europe. This international standard has been prepared by the IAQG.

This document standardizes FAI process requirements to the greatest extent possible and can be used

at all levels of the supply chain by organizations around the world to provide a consistent process and

documentation requirements for verification of aviation, space, and defence product. Its use should

result in improved quality, schedule, and cost performance by the reduction or elimination of

organization-unique requirements and wider application of good practices. While primarily developed

for the aviation, space, and defence industry, this European Standard can also be used in other industry

sectors where a standardized FAI process is needed.
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1 Scope
1.1 General

This European Standard establishes the baseline requirements for performing and documenting FAI.

Should there be a conflict between the requirements of this European Standard and applicable statutory

or regulatory requirements, the applicable statutory or regulatory requirements shall take precedence.

1.2 Purpose

The primary purpose of FAI is to validate that product realization processes are capable of producing

parts and assemblies that meet engineering and design requirements. A well-planned and executed FAI

will provide objective evidence the manufacturer’s processes can produce compliant product and that

they have understood and incorporated associated requirements. FAI will:

• Provide confidence that the product realization processes are capable of producing conforming

product.

• Demonstrate that the manufacturers and processors of the product have an understanding of the

associated requirements.
• Provide objective evidence of process capability.

• Reduce potential risks associated with production start-up and/or process changes.

• Provide assurance of product conformance at the start of production and after changes outlined in

this European Standard.
An FAI is intended to:
• Reduce future escapes, risks, and total costs.
• Help ensure safety of flight.
• Improve quality, delivery, and customer satisfaction.
• Reduce costs and production delays associated with product nonconformances.

• Identify product realization processes that are not capable of producing conforming product, and

initiate and/or validate corrective actions.
1.3 Application

This European Standard applies to organizations that are responsible for producing the design

characteristics of the product (i.e., product realization). The organization shall flow down the

requirements of this European Standard to suppliers or processors who produce design characteristics.

This European Standard applies to assemblies, sub-assemblies, and detail parts including castings,

forgings, and modifications to standard catalogue or Commercial-Off-the-Shelf (COTS) items.

Unless contractually required, this European Standard does not apply to:

• Development and prototype parts that are not considered as part of the first production run.

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EN 9102:2015 (E)

• Unique single run production orders, not intended for ongoing production (e.g., out-of-production

spares).
• Procured standard catalogue items, COTS, or deliverable software.
2 Normative references

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are

indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated

references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

EN 9100, Quality management systems — Requirements for aviation, space and defence organisations

EN 9103, Quality management systems — Variation management of key characteristics

ISO 9000, Quality management systems — Fundamentals and vocabulary

NOTE Equivalent versions (e.g., AS, EN, JISQ, SJAC, NBR) of the IAQG standards listed above are published

internationally in each IAQG sector.
3 Terms and definitions

An acronym log for this European Standard is presented in Annex A. For the purposes of this

European Standard, the terms and definitions stated in ISO 9000 and the following apply:

3.1
attribute data

a result from a characteristic or property that is appraised only as to whether it does or does not

conform to a given requirement (e.g., go/no-go, accept/reject, pass/fail)
3.2
baseline part number

this refers to the previous FAI part number or approved configuration, including revision level, to which

a partial FAI is performed. An example of an approved configuration could be a part produced, prior to

the requirements of this European Standard.
3.3
capability

ability of an organization, system, or process to produce a product that will fulfill the associated design

characteristics defined for that product
3.4
Commercial-Off-the-Shelf (COTS) items

commercially available items intended by design to be procured and utilized without modification

(e.g., common electronic components)
3.5
deliverable software

embedded or loadable airborne, space borne, or ground support software or firmware components

which are part of an aircraft type design, weapon system, missile, or spacecraft
3.6
design characteristics

those dimensional, visual, functional, mechanical, and material features or properties, which describe

and constitute the design of the article, as specified by drawing or DPD requirements. These

characteristics can be measured, inspected, tested, or verified to determine conformance to the design

requirements. Dimensional features include in-process locating features (e.g., target-machined or

forged/cast dimensions on forgings and castings, weld/braze joint preparation necessary for

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acceptance of finished joint). Material features or properties may include processing variables and

sequences, which are specified by the drawing or DPD (e.g., heat treat temperature, fluorescent

penetrant class, ultrasonic scans, sequence of welding and heat treat). These provide assurance of

intended characteristics that could not be otherwise defined.
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3.7
designed tooling

product specific tooling [e.g., check fixtures, Coordinate Measurement Machine (CMM) program]

specifically made to validate the design characteristics of a product
3.8
Digital Product Definition (DPD) requirements

requirements of any digital data files that disclose, directly or by reference, the physical or functional

requirements, including data files that disclose the design or acceptance criteria of a product

Examples of DPD include the following:

• The digital definition and fully dimensioned two-dimensional (2D) drawing sheets.

• Three-dimensional (3D) data model and simplified or reduced content 2D drawing sheets.

• The 3D model with design characteristics displayed as text.
• Any other data files that define a product in its entirety.
3.9
drawing requirements

requirements of the drawing and associated parts lists, specification, or purchasing document to which

the product is to be produced from, including any notes, specifications, and lower-level drawings

invoked
3.10

First Article Inspection (FAI) – also referred to as production process verification

a planned, complete, independent, and documented inspection and verification process to ensure that

prescribed production processes have produced an item conforming to engineering drawings, DPD,

planning, purchase order, engineering specifications, and/or other applicable design document

3.11
First Article Inspection Report (FAIR)

the forms and package of documentation for a part number, sub-assembly, or assembly, including

associated FAI results, as defined by this European Standard
3.12
first production run

the initial group of one or more parts that are the result of a planned process designed to be used for

future production of these same parts
3.13
multiple characteristics

Identical characteristics that occur at more than one location (e.g., “4 places”), but are established by a

single set of drawing or DPD requirements (e.g., rivet hole size, dovetail slots, corner radii, chemical

milling pocket thickness)
3.14
product

any intended output resulting from the product realization process, which in the context of this

European Standard includes finished detailed parts, sub-assemblies, assemblies, forgings, and castings

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3.15
qualified tooling

universal (not part specific) calibrated monitoring and measuring equipment (e.g., go/no go gauges,

thread gauges, radius gauges) used to validate product design characteristics, that are uniquely

identified and traceable to their calibration records
3.16
reference characteristics

the characteristics that are used for “information only” or to show relationship; these are dimensions

without tolerances and refer to other dimensions on the drawing or in the DPD
3.17
special processes

any processes for production and service provision where the resulting output cannot be verified by

subsequent monitoring or measurement and, as a consequence, deficiencies become apparent only after

the product is in use or the service has been delivered
3.18
standard catalogue items

a part or material that conforms to an established industry or national authority published specification,

having all characteristics identified by text description or industry/national/military standard drawing

3.19
variable data

quantitative measurements taken on a continuous scale (e.g., the diameter of a cylinder, the gap

between mating parts)
4 Requirements
4.1 Part requirements

a) The organization shall perform FAI on new product representative of the first production run. The

first production delivery parts require an FAI.

b) The organization shall use a representative item from the first production run of a new product to

verify that the production processes, production documentation, and tooling have the capability to

produce products that meet established requirements.

c) For assemblies, the assembly level FAI shall be performed on those characteristics specified on the

assembly drawing or DPD.

d) This process shall be repeated, when changes occur that invalidate the original results (e.g.,

engineering changes, manufacturing process changes, tooling changes).
4.2 First article inspection planning

a) The organization shall have a process to plan for completion of FAI or shall plan FAI activities prior

to the first production run.

b) FAI planning shall address the activities to be performed throughout the FAI process and identify

the responsible organizations for those activities.

c) The organization should consider the following activities during FAI planning and coordinate

planning with the customer, if required:
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1) Determination of design characteristic inspection and sequencing for inspection of

characteristics not measurable in the final product.

2) Extraction of DPD design characteristics required for product realization that are not fully

defined on 2D drawings, including tolerances for nominal dimensions.

3) Determination of objective evidence to be included in the FAIR for each design characteristic.

4) Determination that approved special process, laboratory, material, and customer required

sources are identified, as applicable, and that the manufacturing planning, routing, and purchase

document calls out the correct specification and relevant sources.

5) Determination that key characteristic and critical item requirements are identified, as applicable

(see IAQG standards, EN 9100 and EN 9103 for guidance/direction).

6) Determination when part specific gauges and tooling are required. These gauges and tooling are

identified, qualified, and traceable, as appropriate.
7) Provide for customer FAI review, if required.
8) Identification of events requiring an updated FAI (see 4.6).
4.3 Digital product definition requirements

a) When design requirements are in a DPD format and traditional 2D drawing information is not

available for all applicable design requirements, DPD design characteristics required for product

realization shall be extracted, verified, and included in the FAIR.
b) The organization shall:
1) Establish a process to extract the applicable DPD design characteristics.
2) Extract the DPD design characteristics required for product realization.

3) Ensure the production, inspection, and operations requiring verification have been completed

as planned to achieve DPD design characteristics.
4.4 Nonconformance handling

a) The FAI with design characteristic nonconformance(s) is “not complete”. An FAI with noted

nonconforming design characteristics may have Form 1, “Part Number Accountability”, (see field

19) signed and shall be noted as “FAI Not Complete”.
NOTE See Annex B for EN 9102 forms (reference 4.7.1).
b) When processing a FAIR with documented nonconformances:

1) Record the nonconforming design characteristics on Form 3, “Characteristic Accountability,

Verification, and Compatibility Evaluation”.
2) Record the nonconformance document reference number on Form 3 (see field 11).
3) Check the box “FAI Not Complete” on Form 1 (see field 19).
NOTE This European Standard does not control disposition of the nonconformance.
4) Sign Form 1 (see field 19) per supporting form instructions.
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c) The organization shall implement corrective action(s) and perform a partial FAI for all affected

characteristics on the next production run, after implementation of the associated corrective

action(s). If the partial FAI does not clear all identified nonconformances, the FAI is still “not

complete” and the requirement to complete the FAI is still in effect.
NOTE A full FAI may be done in lieu of a partial FAI.
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4.5 Evaluation activities

The organization shall conduct the following activities during product realization, when applicable, in

support of FAI to ensure conformance with design characteristics:

a) Review documentation for the manufacturing process (e.g., routing sheets, manufacturing or

quality plans, manufacturing work instructions) to ensure all operations are complete as planned

and call out the correct specification, material types, conditions, and approvals.

b) Review supporting documentation in the FAI (e.g., inspection data, test data, Acceptance Test

Procedures, special process approvals and certifications) for completeness.

c) Verify that the raw material and special process certifications call out the correct specification,

material types, conditions, and approvals.
d) Verify that required customer approved sources are utilized.
e) Review nonconformance documentation included in the FAIR for completeness.

f) Verify that required designed tooling (e.g., part specific gauges) are used and appropriately

documented on Form 3.

g) Verify that every design characteristic requirement is accounted for, uniquely identified, and has

inspection results traceable to each unique identifier.

h) Verify the design characteristics that are the output of the manufacturing process are measured,

inspected, tested, or verified to determine conformance, including DPD characteristics as required

per 4.3.b.

i) Verify part marking is legible, correct in content and size, and properly located per applicable

specifications.
4.6 Partial or re-accomplishment of first article inspection

a) The FAI requirement, once invoked, shall continue to apply even after initial compliance.

b) The FAI requirements may be satisfied by a partial FAI that addresses only the changes from a

baseline part number provided all other characteristics were conforming on the previous FAI and

are produced by the original production processes.

c) When a partial FAI is performed, the organization shall, as a minimum, complete the affected fields

in the FAI forms.

d) When the organization performs a partial FAI, the organization shall record the “Baseline Part

Number”, including the revision level and reason for the partial FAI on Form 1 (see field 14).

e) FAI requirements may be satisfied by a previously approved FAI performed on identical

characteristics of similar parts produced by identical means. When FAI requirements (partial or

full) are satisfied in this manner, identify the “Baseline Part Number” on Form 1 (see field 14).

f) The organization shall perform a full FAI or a partial FAI for affected characteristics, when any of

the following occurs:

1) A change in the design characteristics affecting fit, form, or function of the part.

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2) A change in manufacturing source(s), process(es), inspection method(s), location of

manufacture, tooling, or materials that can potentially affect fit, form, or function.

3) A change in numerical control program or translation to another media that can potentially

affect fit, form, or function.

4) A natural or man-made event, which may adversely affect the manufacturing process.

5) An implementation of corrective action required to complete a previous FAI, as described in 4.4.

6) A lapse in production for two years shall require an update for any characteristics that may be

impacted by the inactivity. This lapse is from the completion of last production operation to the

actual restart of production.
4.7 Documentation
4.7.1 Forms

a) Annex B contains forms that comply with the documentation requirements of this European

Standard. Each field in the forms is designated with a unique reference number and is identified as:

• (R) – Required: This is mandatory information.

• (CR) – Conditionally Required: This field shall be completed, when applicable to the product

(e.g., serial number shall be entered when the product has an associated serial number) or

required by the customer.

• (O) – Optional: This field is provided for convenience; the field may be left blank.

b) Forms contained in Annex B should be used to document the results of the FAI.

c) Forms other than those depicted in Annex B may be used; however, they shall contain all “Required”

and “Conditionally Required” information and have the same field reference numbers.

d) Use of forms from a previous EN 9102 standard revision (e.g., AS9102A) is acceptable, provided the

current form instructions are utilized.
e) All forms shall be completed either electronically or in permanent ink.

f) All forms shall be completed in English or in a language specified by the customer.

g) Continuation sheets and insertion of additional rows are acceptable.
4.7.2 Characteristic accountability

a) The organization shall verify every design characteristic, during the FAI, and record the associated

results. Every design characteristic shall have its own unique characteristic number.

b) Reference characteristics may be omitted from the FAI.
c) More than one line may be used, if needed, for any characteristic.

d) Characteristics not measurable in the final product shall be verified during the manufacturing

process, as long as they are not affected by subsequent operations or by destructive means.

Characteristics verified at the detail level may be referenced in the assembly-level FAIR.

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4.7.3 Record results

a) The organization shall record the requirements and results in the units specified on the drawin

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