Industrial communication networks - Installation of communication networks in industrial premises

IEC 61918:2018 specifies basic requirements for the installation of media for communication networks in industrial premises and within and between the automation islands, of industrial sites. This standard covers balanced and optical fibre cabling. It also covers the cabling infrastructure for wireless media, but not the wireless media itself. Additional media are covered in the IEC 61784-5 series. This fourth edition cancels and replaces the third edition published in 2013. This edition constitutes a technical revision.
This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:
a) the reference to ISO/IEC 24702 has been replaced with reference to the new ISO/IEC 11801-3; this affects Table 2;
b) some terms and abbreviated terms have been modified in Clause 3;
c) Subclauses 4.1.2, 4.4.2.5, 4.4.3.4.1 and 5.7 have been updated;
d) Figure 2 and Figure 3 have been updated; Figure 13, Figure 16, Figure 30 and Figure 49 have been added;
e) Table 7 has been updated;
f) Annex D and Annex M have been extended to cover additional communication profile families; Annex H has been extended to cover the M12-8 X-coding connector use;
g) Annex O has been modified by including references to the new edition of the
ISO/IEC 11801 series, ISO/IEC TR 11801-9902 and ISO/IEC 14763-4;
h) Annex P has been added.
This standard is to be used in conjunction with the IEC 61784-5 series with regard to the installation of communication profiles (CPs).

Réseaux de communication industriels - Installation de réseaux de communication dans des locaux industriels

IEC 61918:2018 spécifie les exigences de base pour l’installation d'un support de réseaux de communication à l'intérieur et entre des îlots d'automatisation de sites industriels. Le présent document couvre le câblage symétrique et à fibres optiques. Elle couvre également l’infrastructure de câblage des supports sans fil, mais pas le support sans fil lui-même. D’autres supports sont couverts par l'IEC 61784-5 (toutes les parties). Cette quatrième édition annule et remplace la troisième édition publiée en 2013. Cette édition constitue une révision technique.
Cette édition inclut les modifications techniques majeures suivantes par rapport à l'édition précédente:
a) la référence à l'ISO/IEC 24702 a été remplacée par la référence à la nouvelle ISO/IEC 11801-3, ce qui a un impact sur le Tableau 2;
b) certains termes et abréviations ont été modifiés à l'Article 3;
c) les Paragraphes 4.1.2, 4.4.2.5, 4.4.3.4.1 et 5.7 ont été mis à jour;
d) la Figure 2 et la Figure 3 ont été mises à jour. La Figure 13, la Figure 16, la Figure 30 et la Figure 49 ont été ajoutées;
e) le Tableau 7 a été mis à jour;
f) l'Annexe D et l'Annexe M ont été développées afin de couvrir des familles de profils de communication supplémentaires. L'Annexe H a été développée pour couvrir l'utilisation du connecteur M12-8 codage X;
g) l'Annexe O a été modifiée en intégrant des références à la nouvelle édition de la série ISO/IEC 11801, à l'ISO/IEC TR 11801-9902 et à l'ISO/IEC 14763-4;
h) l'Annexe P a été ajoutée.
La présente norme doit être utilisée conjointement avec la série IEC 61784-5 en ce qui concerne l’installation des profils de communication (CP).

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
19-Sep-2018
Technical Committee
Current Stage
PPUB - Publication issued
Completion Date
20-Sep-2018
Ref Project

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IEC 61918
Edition 4.0 2018-09
INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD
NORME
INTERNATIONALE
colour
inside
Industrial communication networks –
Installation of communication networks in industrial premises
Réseaux de communication industriels –
Installation de réseaux de communication dans des locaux industriels
IEC 61918:2018-09(en-fr)
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
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---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
IEC 61918
Edition 4.0 2018-09
INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD
NORME
INTERNATIONALE
colour
inside
Industrial communication networks –
Installation of communication networks in industrial premises
Réseaux de communication industriels –
Installation de réseaux de communication dans des locaux industriels
INTERNATIONAL
ELECTROTECHNICAL
COMMISSION
COMMISSION
ELECTROTECHNIQUE
INTERNATIONALE
ICS 25.040.40; 33.020; 35.240.50 ISBN 978-2-8322-6027-2

Warning! Make sure that you obtained this publication from an authorized distributor.

Attention! Veuillez vous assurer que vous avez obtenu cette publication via un distributeur agréé.

® Registered trademark of the International Electrotechnical Commission
Marque déposée de la Commission Electrotechnique Internationale
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
– 2 – IEC 61918:2018 © IEC 2018
CONTENTS

FOREWORD ......................................................................................................................... 11

INTRODUCTION ................................................................................................................... 13

1 Scope ............................................................................................................................ 16

2 Normative references .................................................................................................... 16

3 Terms, definitions, and abbreviated terms ..................................................................... 19

3.1 Terms and definitions ............................................................................................ 19

3.2 Abbreviated terms ................................................................................................. 31

3.3 Conventions for installation profiles ...................................................................... 32

4 Installation planning....................................................................................................... 33

4.1 General ................................................................................................................. 33

4.1.1 Objective ....................................................................................................... 33

4.1.2 Cabling in industrial premises ........................................................................ 33

4.1.3 The planning process .................................................................................... 35

4.1.4 Specific requirements for CPs........................................................................ 36

4.1.5 Specific requirements for generic cabling in accordance with

ISO/IEC 11801-3 ........................................................................................... 36

4.2 Planning requirements .......................................................................................... 36

4.2.1 Safety ............................................................................................................ 36

4.2.2 Security ......................................................................................................... 37

4.2.3 Environmental considerations and EMC ......................................................... 37

4.2.4 Specific requirements for generic cabling in accordance with

ISO/IEC 11801-3 ........................................................................................... 39

4.3 Network capabilities .............................................................................................. 39

4.3.1 Network topology ........................................................................................... 39

4.3.2 Network characteristics .................................................................................. 41

4.4 Selection and use of cabling components ............................................................. 44

4.4.1 Cable selection .............................................................................................. 44

4.4.2 Connecting hardware selection ...................................................................... 48

4.4.3 Connections within a channel/permanent link ................................................ 50

4.4.4 Terminators ................................................................................................... 55

4.4.5 Device location and connection ..................................................................... 56

4.4.6 Coding and labelling ...................................................................................... 56

4.4.7 Earthing and bonding of equipment and devices and shielded cabling ........... 57

4.4.8 Storage and transportation of cables ............................................................. 67

4.4.9 Routing of cables ........................................................................................... 67

4.4.10 Separation of circuits ..................................................................................... 69

4.4.11 Mechanical protection of cabling components ................................................ 70

4.4.12 Installation in special areas ........................................................................... 71

4.5 Cabling planning documentation ........................................................................... 71

4.5.1 Common description ...................................................................................... 71

4.5.2 Cabling planning documentation for CPs ....................................................... 71

4.5.3 Network certification documentation .............................................................. 72

4.5.4 Cabling planning documentation for generic cabling in accordance with

ISO/IEC 11801-3 ........................................................................................... 72

4.6 Verification of cabling planning specification ......................................................... 72

5 Installation implementation ............................................................................................ 72

5.1 General requirements ........................................................................................... 72

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IEC 61918:2018 © IEC 2018 – 3 –

5.1.1 Common description ...................................................................................... 72

5.1.2 Installation of CPs ......................................................................................... 72

5.1.3 Installation of generic cabling in industrial premises ...................................... 72

5.2 Cable installation .................................................................................................. 72

5.2.1 General requirements for all cabling types ..................................................... 72

5.2.2 Installation and routing .................................................................................. 78

5.2.3 Specific requirements for CPs........................................................................ 80

5.2.4 Specific requirements for wireless installation ................................................ 80

5.2.5 Specific requirements for generic cabling in accordance with

ISO/IEC 11801-3 ........................................................................................... 80

5.3 Connector installation ........................................................................................... 80

5.3.1 Common description ...................................................................................... 80

5.3.2 Shielded connectors ...................................................................................... 81

5.3.3 Unshielded connectors .................................................................................. 81

5.3.4 Specific requirements for CPs........................................................................ 81

5.3.5 Specific requirements for wireless installation ................................................ 81

5.3.6 Specific requirements for generic cabling in accordance with

ISO/IEC 11801-3 ........................................................................................... 81

5.4 Terminator installation .......................................................................................... 82

5.4.1 Common description ...................................................................................... 82

5.4.2 Specific requirements for CPs........................................................................ 82

5.5 Device installation ................................................................................................. 82

5.5.1 Common description ...................................................................................... 82

5.5.2 Specific requirements for CPs........................................................................ 82

5.6 Coding and labelling ............................................................................................. 82

5.6.1 Common description ...................................................................................... 82

5.6.2 Specific requirements for CPs........................................................................ 82

5.7 Earthing and bonding of equipment and devices and shield cabling ...................... 82

5.7.1 Common description ...................................................................................... 82

5.7.2 Bonding and earthing of enclosures and pathways......................................... 83

5.7.3 Earthing methods .......................................................................................... 85

5.7.4 Shield earthing methods ................................................................................ 87

5.7.5 Specific requirements for CPs........................................................................ 89

5.7.6 Specific requirements for generic cabling in accordance with

ISO/IEC 11801-3 ........................................................................................... 89

5.8 As-implemented cabling documentation ................................................................ 90

6 Installation verification and installation acceptance test ................................................. 90

6.1 General ................................................................................................................. 90

6.2 Installation verification .......................................................................................... 90

6.2.1 General ......................................................................................................... 90

6.2.2 Verification according to cabling planning documentation .............................. 91

6.2.3 Verification of earthing and bonding ............................................................... 92

6.2.4 Verification of shield earthing ........................................................................ 93

6.2.5 Verification of cabling system ........................................................................ 93

6.2.6 Cable selection verification ............................................................................ 93

6.2.7 Connector verification .................................................................................... 94

6.2.8 Connection verification .................................................................................. 94

6.2.9 Terminator verification ................................................................................... 96

6.2.10 Coding and labelling verification .................................................................... 96

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– 4 – IEC 61918:2018 © IEC 2018

6.2.11 Verification report .......................................................................................... 96

6.3 Installation acceptance test ................................................................................... 96

6.3.1 General ......................................................................................................... 96

6.3.2 Acceptance test of Ethernet-based cabling .................................................... 98

6.3.3 Acceptance test of non-Ethernet-based cabling ........................................... 100

6.3.4 Specific requirements for wireless installation .............................................. 101

6.3.5 Acceptance test report ................................................................................. 101

7 Installation administration ............................................................................................ 102

7.1 General ............................................................................................................... 102

7.2 Fields covered by the administration ................................................................... 102

7.3 Basic principles for the administration system ..................................................... 102

7.4 Working procedures ............................................................................................ 102

7.5 Device location labelling ..................................................................................... 103

7.6 Component cabling labelling ............................................................................... 103

7.7 Documentation .................................................................................................... 104

7.8 Specific requirements for administration ............................................................. 105

8 Installation maintenance and installation troubleshooting ............................................. 105

8.1 General ............................................................................................................... 105

8.2 Maintenance ....................................................................................................... 105

8.2.1 Scheduled maintenance ............................................................................... 105

8.2.2 Condition-based maintenance ...................................................................... 107

8.2.3 Corrective maintenance ............................................................................... 108

8.3 Troubleshooting .................................................................................................. 108

8.3.1 General description ..................................................................................... 108

8.3.2 Evaluation of the problem ............................................................................ 108

8.3.3 Typical problems ......................................................................................... 109

8.3.4 Troubleshooting procedure .......................................................................... 110

8.3.5 Simplified troubleshooting procedure ........................................................... 111

8.4 Specific requirements for maintenance and troubleshooting ................................ 112

Annex A (informative) Overview of generic cabling for industrial premises ......................... 113

Annex B (informative) MICE description methodology ........................................................ 114

B.1 General ............................................................................................................... 114

B.2 Overview of MICE ............................................................................................... 114

B.3 Examples of use of the MICE concept ................................................................. 115

B.3.1 Common description .................................................................................... 115

B.3.2 Examples of mitigation ................................................................................. 115

B.4 Determining E classification ................................................................................ 117

B.5 The MICE table ................................................................................................... 120

Annex C (informative) Network topologies .......................................................................... 122

C.1 Common description ........................................................................................... 122

C.2 Total cable demand ............................................................................................ 122

C.3 Maximum cable segment length .......................................................................... 122

C.4 Maximum network length .................................................................................... 122

C.5 Fault tolerance .................................................................................................... 122

C.5.1 General ....................................................................................................... 122

C.5.2 Use of redundancy ....................................................................................... 122

C.5.3 Failure analysis for networks with redundancy ............................................. 122

C.6 Network access for diagnosis convenience ......................................................... 123

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IEC 61918:2018 © IEC 2018 – 5 –

C.7 Maintainability and on-line additions ................................................................... 123

Annex D (informative) Connector tables ............................................................................. 124

Annex E (informative) Power networks with respect to electromagnetic interference –

TN-C and TN-S approaches ......................................................................................... 137

Annex F (informative) Conductor sizes in electrical cables ................................................. 139

Annex G (informative) Installed cabling verification checklists ............................................ 141

G.1 General ............................................................................................................... 141

G.2 Copper cabling verification checklist ................................................................... 141

G.3 Optical fibre cabling verification checklist ............................................................ 144

Annex H (normative) Cord sets .......................................................................................... 146

H.1 General ............................................................................................................... 146

H.2 Constructing cord sets ........................................................................................ 146

H.2.1 Straight through cord sets with M12-4 D-coding connectors ......................... 146

H.2.2 Crossover cord sets with M12-4 D-coding connectors .................................. 147

H.2.3 Straight through cord sets with 8-way modular connectors ........................... 147

H.2.4 Crossover cord sets with 8-way modular connectors .................................... 148

H.2.5 Straight conversion from one connector family to another ............................ 149

H.2.6 Crossover conversion from one connector family to another ........................ 149

H.2.7 Assignment of PMA signal to MDI and MDI-X in outs ................................... 150

H.2.8 Signal and pin assignment for MDI and TIA568A ......................................... 151

H.2.9 Signal and pin assignment for MDIX and TIA568B ....................................... 151

H.2.10 Signal and pin assignment for MDIX and TIA568A ....................................... 152

Annex I (informative) Guidance for terminating cable ends................................................. 153

I.1 General ............................................................................................................... 153

I.2 Guidance for terminating shielded twisted pair cable ends for 8-way modular

plugs ................................................................................................................... 153

I.3 Guidance for terminating unshielded twisted pair cable ends for 8-way

modular plugs ..................................................................................................... 155

I.4 Guidance for M12-4 D-coding connector installation ........................................... 156

I.5 Guidance for terminating optical fibre cable ends ................................................ 159

Annex J (informative) Recommendations for bulkhead connection performance and

channel performance with more than 4 connections in the channel .............................. 160

J.1 General ............................................................................................................... 160

J.2 Recommendations .............................................................................................. 160

Annex K (informative) Fieldbus data transfer testing .......................................................... 161

K.1 Background......................................................................................................... 161

K.2 Allowable error rates for control systems ............................................................ 161

K.2.1 Bit errors ..................................................................................................... 161

K.2.2 Burst errors ................................................................................................. 161

K.3 Testing channel performance .............................................................................. 162

K.4 Testing cable parameters .................................................................................... 162

K.4.1 General ....................................................................................................... 162

K.4.2 Generic cable testing ................................................................................... 162

K.4.3 Fieldbus cable testing .................................................................................. 162

K.5 Testing fieldbus data rate performance ............................................................... 163

K.5.1 General ....................................................................................................... 163

K.5.2 Fieldbus test ................................................................................................ 163

K.5.3 Planning for fieldbus data rate testing .......................................................... 163

K.5.4 Fieldbus data rate test reporting template .................................................... 164

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– 6 – IEC 61918:2018 © IEC 2018

K.5.5 Values for acceptable fieldbus performance ................................................. 164

Annex L (informative) Communication network installation work responsibility ................... 165

L.1 General ............................................................................................................... 165

L.2 Installation work responsibility ............................................................................ 165

L.3 Installation work responsibility table .................................................................... 165

Annex M (informative) Trade names of communication profiles .......................................... 166

Annex N (informative) Validation measurements ................................................................ 169

N.1 General ...........................................................................

...

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