Audio, video and similar electronic apparatus - Safety requirements

IEC 60065:2014 applies to electronic apparatus designed to be fed from the mains, from a supply apparatus, from batteries or from remote power feeding and intended for reception, generation, recording or reproduction of audio, video and associated signals. It also applies to apparatus designed to be used exclusively in combination with the above-mentioned apparatus. This standard primarily concerns apparatus intended for household and similar general use but which may also be used in places of public assembly such as schools, theatres, places of worship and the workplace professional apparatus intended for use as described above is also covered unless falling specifically within the scope of other standards. This standard:
- concerns only safety aspects of the above apparatus;
- it does not concern other matters, such as style or performance. This standard applies to the above-mentioned apparatus, if designed to be connected to the telecommunication network or similar network, for example by means of an integrated modem. This eighth edition cancels and replaces the seventh edition published in 2001 including its Amendment 1 (2005) and Amendment 2 (2010). It constitutes a technical revision. The principal changes in this edition as compared with the seventh edition are as follows:
- new requirements for wall and ceiling mounting means;
- new requirements for coin/button cell batteries;
- all notes have been reviewed to comply with the new directives;
- addition of requirements for LEDs;
- requirements for creepage distances are aligned with IEC 60950-1 and a change in optocoupler requirements.
The contents of the corrigendum 1 of December 2015, corrigendum 2 of December 2016 and corrigendum 3 of December 2018 have been included in this copy.
Keywords: Audio/Video, Reception, Generation, Recording, Safety

Appareils audio, vidéo et appareils électroniques analogues - Exigences de sécurité

L'IEC 60065:2014 est applicable aux appareils électroniques destinés à être alimentés par un reseau d'alimentation, un appareil d'alimentation, des piles ou batteries ou d'une TELEALIMENTATION et prévus pour la réception, la génération, l'enregistrement ou la reproduction de son, d'image et de signaux associés. Elle s'applique aussi aux appareils conçus pour être utilisés exclusivement en combinaison avec les appareils mentionnés ci-dessus. Cette norme s'applique principalement aux appareils à usage domestique ou à usage général analogue, mais qui peuvent également être utilisés dans des lieux recevant du public tels qu'écoles, salles de spectacle, des édifices du culte et des lieux de travail. Les APPAREILS PROFESSIONNELS destinés aux usages décrits ci-dessus sont également couverts sauf s'ils sont spécifiquement mentionnés dans le domaine d'application d'une autre norme. Cette norme concerne uniquement les aspects de sécurité des appareils ci-dessus et ne concerne pas les autres aspects tels que la présentation ou les performances. Cette norme s'applique aux appareils ci-dessus, s'ils sont prévus pour être reliés à un RESEAU DE TELECOMMUNICATION ou un réseau similaire, par exemple par l'intermédiaire d'un modem incorporé. Cette huitième édition annule et remplace la septième édition parue en 2001, l'Amendement 1 (2005) et l'Amendement 2 (2010). Cette édition constitue une révision technique. Les principales modifications de la présente édition par rapport à la septième édition sont les suivantes:
- nouvelles exigences pour moyens de montage sur un mur ou un plafond;
- nouvelles exigences relatives aux piles boutons;
- toutes les notes ont été revues, en vue d'être conformes avec les nouvelles directives;
- ajout d'exigences concernant les diodes électroluminescentes (LED);
- les exigences concernant les lignes de fuite sont alignées sur l'IEC 60950-1;
- changement dans les exigences du photocoupleur.
Le contenu du corrigendum 1 de décembre 2015, le corrigendum 2 de décembre 2016 et le corrigendum 3 de décembre 2018 a été pris en considération dans cet exemplaire.
Mots-clés: Audio/Vidéo, Réception, Génération, Enregistrement, Sécurité

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
26-Jun-2014
Current Stage
PPUB - Publication issued
Start Date
27-Jun-2014
Completion Date
27-Jun-2014
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IEC 60065
Edition 8.0 2014-06
INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD
NORME
INTERNATIONALE
GROUP SAFETY PUBLICATION
PUBLICATION GROUPÉE DE SÉCURITÉ
Audio, video and similar electronic apparatus – Safety requirements
Appareils audio, vidéo et appareils électroniques analogues – Exigences de
sécurité
IEC 60065:2014-06(en-fr)
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
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---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
IEC 60065
Edition 8.0 2014-06
INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD
NORME
INTERNATIONALE
GROUP SAFETY PUBLICATION
PUBLICATION GROUPÉE DE SÉCURITÉ
Audio, video and similar electronic apparatus – Safety requirements
Appareils audio, vidéo et appareils électroniques analogues – Exigences de
sécurité
INTERNATIONAL
ELECTROTECHNICAL
COMMISSION
COMMISSION
ELECTROTECHNIQUE
PRICE CODE
INTERNATIONALE
CODE PRIX XH
ICS 97.020 ISBN 978-2-8322-1575-3

Warning! Make sure that you obtained this publication from an authorized distributor.

Attention! Veuillez vous assurer que vous avez obtenu cette publication via un distributeur agréé.

® Registered trademark of the International Electrotechnical Commission
Marque déposée de la Commission Electrotechnique Internationale
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
– 2 – IEC 60065:2014 © IEC 2014
CONTENTS

FOREWORD ........................................................................................................................... 5

INTRODUCTION ..................................................................................................................... 7

1 General ......................................................................................................................... 10

2 Terms and definitions..................................................................................................... 15

3 General requirements .................................................................................................... 26

4 General test conditions .................................................................................................. 26

5 Marking and instructions ................................................................................................ 33

6 Hazardous radiations ..................................................................................................... 39

7 Heating under normal operating conditions ..................................................................... 41

8 Constructional requirements with regard to the protection against electric shock ............. 45

9 Electric shock hazard under normal operating conditions ................................................ 53

10 Insulation requirements .................................................................................................. 57

11 Fault conditions ............................................................................................................. 60

12 Mechanical strength ....................................................................................................... 64

13 CLEARANCES and CREEPAGE DISTANCES ........................................................................... 70

14 Components .................................................................................................................. 84

15 TERMINALS ................................................................................................................... 100

16 External flexible cords .................................................................................................. 107

17 Electrical connections and mechanical fixings .............................................................. 109

18 Mechanical strength of picture tubes and protection against the effects of implosion ..... 112

19 Stability and mechanical hazards ................................................................................. 113

20 Resistance to fire ......................................................................................................... 116

Annex A (normative) Additional requirements for apparatus with protection against

splashing water ................................................................................................................... 132

Annex B (normative) Apparatus to be connected to the TELECOMMUNICATION NETWORKS ...... 133

Annex C (normative) Band-pass filter for wide-band noise measurement ............................ 135

Annex D (normative) Measuring network for TOUCH CURRENTS ............................................. 136

Annex E (normative) Measurement of CLEARANCES and CREEPAGE DISTANCES ...................... 137

Annex F (normative) Table of electrochemical potentials .................................................... 141

Annex G (normative) Flammability test methods ................................................................. 142

Annex H (normative) Insulated winding wires for use without interleaved insulation

(see 8.16) ........................................................................................................................... 145

Annex I (Void) ..................................................................................................................... 148

Annex J (normative) Alternative method for determining minimum CLEARANCES ................... 149

Annex K (normative) Impulse test generators (see 13.3.4 and Annex J, Clause J.6) ............ 154

Annex L (normative) Additional requirements for electronic flash apparatus for

photographic purposes ........................................................................................................ 155

Annex M (informative) Examples of requirements for quality control programmes for

allowing reduced clearances................................................................................................ 159

Annex N (informative) Routine tests ................................................................................... 160

Bibliography ........................................................................................................................ 163

---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
IEC 60065:2014 © IEC 2014 – 3 –

Figure 1 – Test circuit for fault conditions ............................................................................ 120

Figure 2 – Example of an assessment of REINFORCED INSULATION......................................... 120

Figure 3 – Example of ACCESSIBLE parts .............................................................................. 121

Figure 4 – Test hook ........................................................................................................... 122

Figure 5 – Surge test ........................................................................................................... 123

Figure 6 – Dielectric strength test instrument ....................................................................... 124

Figure 7 – Test voltages ...................................................................................................... 125

Figure 8 – Impact test using a steel ball ............................................................................... 125

Figure 9 – Test plug for mechanical tests on antenna coaxial sockets .................................. 126

Figure 10 – Minimum CLEARANCES and CREEPAGE DISTANCES on PRINTED BOARDS ................. 127

Figure 11 – Test apparatus for devices forming a part of the MAINS plug .............................. 128

Figure 12 – Scratch patterns for implosion test .................................................................... 129

Figure 13 – Distances from a POTENTIAL IGNITION SOURCE and an example for the design

of barriers ........................................................................................................................... 129

Figure 14 – Mandrel ............................................................................................................ 130

Figure 15 – Initial position of mandrel .................................................................................. 130

Figure 16 – Final position of mandrel ................................................................................... 130

Figure 17 – Position of metal foil on insulating material ........................................................ 131

Figure C.1 – Band-pass filter for wide-band noise measurement (amplitude/frequency

response limits) ................................................................................................................... 135

Figure D.1 – Measuring network for TOUCH CURRENTS according to IEC 60990 ..................... 136

Figure E.1 – Narrow groove ................................................................................................. 137

Figure E.2 – Wide groove .................................................................................................... 138

Figure E.3 – V-shaped groove ............................................................................................. 138

Figure E.4 – Rib .................................................................................................................. 138

Figure E.5 – Uncemented joint with narrow groove .............................................................. 138

Figure E.6 – Uncemented joint with wide groove .................................................................. 139

Figure E.7 – Uncemented joint with narrow and wide grooves .............................................. 139

Figure E.8 – Intervening, unconnected conductive part ........................................................ 139

Figure E.9 – Narrow recess ................................................................................................. 140

Figure E.10 – Wide recess .................................................................................................. 140

Figure K.1 – Impulse generating circuit ................................................................................ 154

Table 1 – Voltage ranges of TNV-CIRCUITS .............................................................................. 20

Table 2 – Test power supply .................................................................................................. 30

Table 3 – Permissible temperature rise of parts of the apparatus (1 of 2) ............................... 43

Table 4 – Test temperature and testing time (in days) per cycle ............................................. 51

Table 5 – Test voltages for dielectric strength test and values for insulation resistance .......... 60

Table 6 – Impact test on the enclosure of apparatus .............................................................. 65

Table 7 – Torque values for end-piece test ............................................................................ 68

Table 8 – Minimum CLEARANCES for insulation in circuits CONDUCTIVELY CONNECTED TO

THE MAINS and between such circuits and circuits not CONDUCTIVELY CONNECTED TO THE

MAINS .................................................................................................................................... 74

---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
– 4 – IEC 60065:2014 © IEC 2014

Table 9 – Additional CLEARANCES for insulation in circuits CONDUCTIVELY CONNECTED TO

THE MAINS with peak WORKING VOLTAGES exceeding the peak value of the nominal a.c.

MAINS voltage and between such circuits and circuits not CONDUCTIVELY CONNECTED TO

THE MAINS .............................................................................................................................. 75

Table 10 – Minimum CLEARANCES in circuits not CONDUCTIVELY CONNECTED TO THE MAINS........ 77

Table 11 – Minimum CREEPAGE DISTANCES ...................................................................... 80

Table 12 – Minimum CLEARANCES and CREEPAGE DISTANCES (enclosed, enveloped or

hermetically sealed constructions) ......................................................................................... 83

Table 13 – Flammability category related to distance from POTENTIAL IGNITION SOURCES ......... 86

Table 14 – Peak surge current .............................................................................................. 96

Table 15 – Nominal cross-sectional area to be accepted by TERMINALS ................................ 104

Table 16 – Minimum nominal thread diameter ...................................................................... 104

Table 17 – Pull force on pins ............................................................................................... 106

Table 18 – Nominal cross-sectional areas of external flexible cords ..................................... 107

Table 19 – Mass and pulley diameter for stress test ............................................................. 108

Table 20 – Torque to be applied to screws........................................................................... 110

Table 21 – Distances from POTENTIAL IGNITION SOURCES and consequential flammability

categories ........................................................................................................................... 119

Table B.1 – Separation of TNV circuits ................................................................................ 134

Table E.1 – Value of X ........................................................................................................ 137

Table H.1 – Mandrel diameter ............................................................................................. 145

Table H.2 – Oven temperature ............................................................................................ 146

Table J.1 – MAINS transient voltages ................................................................................... 150

Table J.2 – Minimum CLEARANCES ....................................................................................... 153

Table K.1 – Component values for impulse generating circuits ............................................. 154

Table M.1 – Rules for sampling and inspection – Reduced CLEARANCES ............................... 159

Table N.1 – Test voltage ..................................................................................................... 162

---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
IEC 60065:2014 © IEC 2014 – 5 –
INTERNATIONAL ELECTROTECHNICAL COMMISSION
____________
AUDIO, VIDEO AND SIMILAR ELECTRONIC APPARATUS –
SAFETY REQUIREMENTS
FOREWORD

1) The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) is a worldwide organization for standardization comprising

all national electrotechnical committees (IEC National Committees). The object of IEC is to promote

international co-operation on all questions concerning standardization in the electrical and electronic fields. To

this end and in addition to other activities, IEC publishes International Standards, Technical Specifications,

Technical Reports, Publicly Available Specifications (PAS) and Guides (hereafter referred to as “IEC

Publication(s)”). Their preparation is entrusted to technical committees; any IEC National Committee interested

in the subject dealt with may participate in this preparatory work. International, governmental and non-

governmental organizations liaising with the IEC also participate in this preparation. IEC collaborates closely

with the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) in accordance with conditions determined by

agreement between the two organizations.

2) The formal decisions or agreements of IEC on technical matters express, as nearly as possible, an international

consensus of opinion on the relevant subjects since each technical committee has representation from all

interested IEC National Committees.

3) IEC Publications have the form of recommendations for international use and are accepted by IEC National

Committees in that sense. While all reasonable efforts are made to ensure that the technical content of IEC

Publications is accurate, IEC cannot be held responsible for the way in which they are used or for any

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between any IEC Publication and the corresponding national or regional publication shall be clearly indicated in

the latter.

5) IEC itself does not provide any attestation of conformity. Independent certification bodies provide conformity

assessment services and, in some areas, access to IEC marks of conformity. IEC is not responsible for any

services carried out by independent certification bodies.

6) All users should ensure that they have the latest edition of this publication.

7) No liability shall attach to IEC or its directors, employees, servants or agents including individual experts and

members of its technical committees and IEC National Committees for any personal injury, property damage or

other damage of any nature whatsoever, whether direct or indirect, or for costs (including legal fees) and

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8) Attention is drawn to the Normative references cited in this publication. Use of the referenced publications is

indispensable for the correct application of this publication.

9) Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this IEC Publication may be the subject of

patent rights. IEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

International Standard IEC 60065 has been prepared by IEC technical committee 108: Safety

of electronic equipment within the field of audio/video, information technology and

communication technology. It has the status of a group safety publication in accordance with

IEC Guide 104.

This eighth edition cancels and replaces the seventh edition published in 2001 including its

Amendment 1 (2005) and Amendment 2 (2010). It constitutes a technical revision.

The principal changes in this edition as compared with the seventh edition are as follows:

– new requirements for wall and ceiling mounting means;
– new requirements for coin / button cell batteries;
– all notes have been reviewed to comply with the new directives;
– addition of requirements for LEDs;
– requirements for creepage distances are aligned with IEC 60950-1;
– change in optocoupler requirements.
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
– 6 – IEC 60065:2014 © IEC 2014
The text of this standard is based on the following documents:
FDIS Report on voting
108/523/FDIS 108/541/RVD

Full information on the voting for the approval of this standard can be found in the report on

voting indicated in the above table.

This publication has been drafted in accordance with the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.

In this standard, the following print types or formats are used:
– requirements proper and normative annexes: in roman type;
– compliance statements and test specifications: italic type;
– notes/explanatory matter: in smaller roman type;
– normative conditions within tables: in smaller roman type;
– terms defined in Clause 2: SMALL CAPITALS.

The committee has decided that the contents of the base publication and its amendments will

remain unchanged until the stability date indicated on the IEC web site under

"http://webstore.iec.ch" in the data related to the specific publication. At this date, the

publication will be
• reconfirmed,
• withdrawn,
• replaced by a revised edition, or
• amended.
The contents of the corrigenda of December 2015, December 2016 and December 2018
have been included in this copy.
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
IEC 60065:2014 © IEC 2014 – 7 –
INTRODUCTION
Principles of safety
General

This introduction is intended to provide an appreciation of the principles on which the

requirements of this standard are based. Such an understanding is essential in order that safe

apparatus can be designed and manufactured.

The requirements of this standard are intended to provide protection to persons as well as to

the surroundings of the apparatus.

Attention is drawn to the principle that the requirements, which are standardized, are the

minimum considered necessary to establish a satisfactory level of safety.

Further development in techniques and technologies may entail the need for future modification

of this standard.

NOTE The expression "protection to the surroundings of the apparatus" implies that this protection should also

include protection of the natural environment in which the apparatus is intended to be used, taking into account the

life cycle of the apparatus, i.e. manufacturing, use, maintenance, disposal and possible end-of-life recycling of parts

of the apparatus.
Hazards

The application of this standard is intended to prevent injury or damage due to the following

hazards:
– electric shock;
– excessive temperatures;
– radiation;
– implosion;
– mechanical hazards;
– fire;

– chemical burns (for example, as a result of the ingestion of lithium chemistry button/coin

cells).
Electric shock

Electric shock is due to current passing through the human body. Currents of the order of a

milliampere can cause a reaction in persons in good health and may cause secondary risks

due to involuntary reaction. Higher currents can have more damaging effects. Voltages below

certain limits are generally regarded as not dangerous under specified conditions. In order to

provide protection against the possibility of higher voltages appearing on parts that may be

touched or handled, such parts are either earthed or adequately insulated.

For parts which can be touched, two levels of protection are normally provided to prevent

electric shock caused by a single fault. Thus a single fault and any consequential faults will not

create a hazard. The provision of additional protective measures, such as SUPPLEMENTARY

INSULATION or protective earthing, is not considered a substitute for, or a relief from, properly

designed BASIC INSULATION.
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
– 8 – IEC 60065:2014 © IEC 2014
Cause Prevention
Contacts with parts normally at hazardous Prevent access to parts at hazardous
voltage. voltage by fixed or locked covers, interlocks,
etc.
Discharge capacitors at hazardous voltages.
Breakdown of insulation between parts Either use double or reinforced insulation
normally at hazardous voltage and between parts normally at hazardous
accessible parts. voltages and accessible parts so that
breakdown is not likely to occur, or connect
accessible conductive parts to protective
earth so that the voltage which can develop
is limited to a safe value. Provide adequate
mechanical and electrical strength.
Breakdown of insulation between parts Segregate hazardous and non-hazardous
normally at hazardous voltage and circuits voltage circuits either by double or

normally at non-hazardous voltages, thereby reinforced insulation so that breakdown is

putting accessible parts and terminals at not likely to occur, or by a protective earthed

hazardous voltage. screen, or connect the circuit normally at
non-hazardous voltage to protective earth,
so that the voltage which can develop is
limited to a safe value.
Touch current from parts at hazardous Limit touch current to a safe value or
voltage through the human body. provide a protective earthing connection to
the accessible parts.
(Touch current can include current due to
RFI filter components connected between
mains supply circuits and accessible parts
or terminals.)
Excessive temperatures

Requirements are included to prevent injury due to excessive temperatures of accessible parts,

to prevent damaging of insulation due to excessive internal temperatures, and to prevent

mechanical instability due to excessive temperatures developed inside the apparatus.

Radiation

Requirements are included to prevent injury due to excessive energy levels of ionizing and

laser radia
...

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