Information technology -- 120 mm (8,54 Gbytes per side) and 80 mm (2,66 Gbytes per side) DVD recordable disk for dual layer (DVD-R for DL)

ISO/IEC 12862:2011 specifies the mechanical, physical and optical characteristics of a 120 mm and an 80 mm dual layer DVD recordable disk to enable the interchange of such disks. It specifies the quality of the pre-recorded, unrecorded and recorded signals, the format of the data, the format of the information zone, the format of the unrecorded zone, and the recording method, thereby allowing for information interchange by means of such disks. This disk is identified as a DVD recordable disk for dual layer (DVD-R for DL). ISO/IEC 12862:2011 specifies the following: 120 mm and 80 mm nominal diameter disks that can be either single- or double-sided; the conditions for conformance; the environments in which the disk is to be operated and stored; the mechanical and physical characteristics of the disk, so as to provide mechanical interchange between data processing systems; the format of the pre-recorded information on an unrecorded disk, including the physical disposition of the tracks and sectors, the error correcting codes and the coding method used; the format of the data and the recorded information on the disk, including the physical disposition of the tracks and sectors, the error correcting codes and the coding method used; the characteristics of the signals from pre-recorded and unrecorded areas on the disk, enabling data processing systems to read the pre-recorded information and to write to the disks; the characteristics of the signals recorded on the disk, enabling data processing systems to read the data from the disk. ISO/IEC 12862:2011 provides for interchange of disks between disk drives. Together with a standard for volume and file structure, it provides for full data interchange between data processing systems.

Technologies de l'information -- Disques DVD enregistrables de 120 mm (8,54 Go par face) et 80 mm (2,66 Go par face) pour double couche (DVD-R pour DL)

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
26-Apr-2011
Current Stage
6060 - International Standard published
Start Date
04-Apr-2011
Completion Date
27-Apr-2011
Ref Project

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ISO/IEC 12862:2011 - Information technology -- 120 mm (8,54 Gbytes per side) and 80 mm (2,66 Gbytes per side) DVD recordable disk for dual layer (DVD-R for DL)
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INTERNATIONAL ISO/IEC
STANDARD 12862
Second edition
2011-05-01
Information technology — 120 mm
(8,54 Gbytes per side) and 80 mm
(2,66 Gbytes per side) DVD recordable
disk for dual layer (DVD-R for DL)
Technologies de l'information — Disques DVD enregistrables de
120 mm (8,54 Go par face) et 80 mm (2,66 Go par face) pour double
couche (DVD-R pour DL)
Reference number
ISO/IEC 12862:2011(E)
ISO/IEC 2011
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO/IEC 12862:2011(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO/IEC 2011

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means,

electronic or mechanical, including photocopying and microfilm, without permission in writing from either ISO at the address below or

ISO's member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
Case postale 56 • CH-1211 Geneva 20
Tel. + 41 22 749 01 11
Fax + 41 22 749 09 47
E-mail copyright@iso.org
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Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO/IEC 2011 – All rights reserved
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ISO/IEC 12862:2011(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ...........................................................................................................................................................vii

Introduction......................................................................................................................................................viii

1 Scope......................................................................................................................................................1

2 Conformance .........................................................................................................................................1

2.1 Optical Disk............................................................................................................................................1

2.2 Generating system................................................................................................................................2

2.3 Receiving system..................................................................................................................................2

3 Normative references............................................................................................................................2

4 Terms and definitions ...........................................................................................................................2

5 Conventions and notations ..................................................................................................................6

5.1 Representation of numbers..................................................................................................................6

5.2 Names.....................................................................................................................................................6

6 Abbreviated terms.................................................................................................................................6

7 General description of a disk ...............................................................................................................8

8 General requirement.............................................................................................................................9

8.1 Environments.........................................................................................................................................9

8.1.1 Test environment...................................................................................................................................9

8.1.2 Operating environment.........................................................................................................................9

8.1.3 Storage environment...........................................................................................................................10

8.1.4 Transportation .....................................................................................................................................10

8.2 Safety requirements............................................................................................................................10

8.3 Flammability.........................................................................................................................................10

9 Reference measurement devices......................................................................................................10

9.1 Pick-Up Head (PUH)............................................................................................................................10

9.1.1 PUH for measuring recorded disks ...................................................................................................10

9.1.2 PUH for measuring unrecorded disks...............................................................................................12

9.2 Measurement conditions ....................................................................................................................13

9.2.1 Recorded and unrecorded disk .........................................................................................................13

9.2.2 Recorded disk......................................................................................................................................13

9.2.3 Unrecorded disk..................................................................................................................................13

9.3 Normalized servo transfer function...................................................................................................14

9.4 Reference servo for axial tracking.....................................................................................................14

9.4.1 Recorded disk......................................................................................................................................14

9.4.2 Unrecorded disk..................................................................................................................................15

9.5 Reference servo for radial tracking ...................................................................................................16

9.5.1 Recorded disk......................................................................................................................................16

9.5.2 Unrecorded disk..................................................................................................................................17

10 Dimensional characteristics...............................................................................................................18

10.1 Overall dimensions.............................................................................................................................20

10.2 First transition area .............................................................................................................................20

10.3 Second transition area........................................................................................................................21

10.4 Clamping Zone.....................................................................................................................................21

10.5 Third transition area............................................................................................................................21

10.6 R-Information Zone .............................................................................................................................22

10.6.1 Sub-divisions of the R-Information Zone..........................................................................................22

10.7 Information Zone .................................................................................................................................22

10.7.1 Sub-divisions of the Information zone..............................................................................................22

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ISO/IEC 12862:2011(E)

10.8 Track geometry....................................................................................................................................23

10.8.1 Track Path.............................................................................................................................................23

10.9 Channel bit length................................................................................................................................24

10.10 Rim area................................................................................................................................................24

10.11 Remark on tolerances .........................................................................................................................25

10.12 Label......................................................................................................................................................25

11 Mechanical parameters.......................................................................................................................25

11.1 Mass......................................................................................................................................................25

11.2 Moment of inertia.................................................................................................................................25

11.3 Dynamic imbalance.............................................................................................................................25

11.4 Sense of rotation..................................................................................................................................25

11.5 Runout..................................................................................................................................................25

11.5.1 Axial runout..........................................................................................................................................25

11.5.2 Radial runout........................................................................................................................................26

12 Optical parameters..............................................................................................................................26

12.1 Recorded and unrecorded disk parameters .....................................................................................26

12.1.1 Index of refraction................................................................................................................................26

12.1.2 Thickness of the transparent substrate ............................................................................................26

12.1.3 Angular deviation.................................................................................................................................27

12.1.4 Birefringence of the transparent substrate.......................................................................................27

12.2 Recorded disk reflectivity...................................................................................................................27

12.3 Unrecorded disk parameters ..............................................................................................................28

12.3.1 Polarity of reflectivity modulation......................................................................................................28

12.3.2 Recording power sensitivity variation...............................................................................................28

13 Operational signals for recorded disk...............................................................................................28

13.1 Measurement conditions ....................................................................................................................28

13.2 Read conditions...................................................................................................................................28

13.3 Recorded disk high frequency (HF) signals .....................................................................................28

13.3.1 Modulated amplitude...........................................................................................................................28

13.3.2 Signal asymmetry................................................................................................................................29

13.3.3 Cross-track signal................................................................................................................................29

13.4 Quality of signals.................................................................................................................................29

13.4.1 Jitter......................................................................................................................................................29

13.4.2 Random errors.....................................................................................................................................29

13.4.3 Defects..................................................................................................................................................30

13.5 Servo signals........................................................................................................................................30

13.5.1 Differential phase tracking error signal.............................................................................................30

13.5.2 Tangential push-pull signal ................................................................................................................30

13.6 Groove wobble signal .........................................................................................................................32

14 Operational signals for the unrecorded disk ....................................................................................33

14.1 Measurement conditions ....................................................................................................................33

14.2 Recording conditions..........................................................................................................................33

14.3 Write strategy for media testing.........................................................................................................33

14.3.1 Definition of the write pulse................................................................................................................34

14.4 Servo signals........................................................................................................................................35

14.4.1 Radial push-pull tracking error signal...............................................................................................35

14.4.2 Defects..................................................................................................................................................36

14.5 Addressing signals..............................................................................................................................36

14.5.1 Land Pre-Pit signal ..............................................................................................................................36

14.5.2 Groove wobble signal .........................................................................................................................38

14.5.3 Relation in phase between wobble and Land Pre-Pit ......................................................................38

15 Data Format..........................................................................................................................................39

15.1 General..................................................................................................................................................39

16 Data Frames.........................................................................................................................................39

16.1 Identification Data (ID).........................................................................................................................40

16.2 ID Error Detection Code ......................................................................................................................41

16.3 RSV........................................................................................................................................................41

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ISO/IEC 12862:2011(E)

16.4 Error Detection Code ..........................................................................................................................41

17 Scrambled Frames..............................................................................................................................42

18 ECC Block configuration ....................................................................................................................43

19 Recording Frames...............................................................................................................................44

20 Modulation............................................................................................................................................45

21 Physical Sectors..................................................................................................................................46

22 Suppress control of the d.c. component ..........................................................................................47

23 Linking scheme ...................................................................................................................................48

23.1 Structure of linking..............................................................................................................................48

23.2 2K-Link and 32K-Link..........................................................................................................................49

23.3 Lossless-Link.......................................................................................................................................49

24 General description of the Information Zone ...................................................................................51

24.1 Layout of the Information Zone .........................................................................................................51

24.2 Physical Sector numbering................................................................................................................52

25 Lead-in Zone, Middle Zone and Lead-out Zone................................................................................53

25.1 Lead-in Zone ........................................................................................................................................53

25.1.1 Initial Zone............................................................................................................................................54

25.1.2 Buffer Zone 0 .......................................................................................................................................54

25.1.3 R-Physical Format Information Zone ................................................................................................54

25.1.4 Reference Code Zone..........................................................................................................................58

25.1.5 Buffer Zone 1 .......................................................................................................................................58

25.1.6 Control Data Zone ...............................................................................................................................59

25.1.7 Extra Border Zone ...............................................................................................................................72

25.2 Middle Zone..........................................................................................................................................72

25.3 Lead-out Zone......................................................................................................................................73

25.3.1 Structure of Lead-out Zone with Format4 RMD................................................................................73

25.3.2 Superficial Extra Border Zone............................................................................................................73

26 General description of the Unrecorded Zone...................................................................................74

26.1 Layout of the Unrecorded Zone .........................................................................................................74

26.2 ECC Block address.............................................................................................................................75

26.3 ECC Block numbering.........................................................................................................................75

27 Pre-pit Data format ..............................................................................................................................76

27.1 General description.............................................................................................................................76

27.2 Pre-pit block structure ........................................................................................................................78

27.3 Pre-pit data block configuration ........................................................................................................80

27.3.1 Relative address..................................................................................................................................82

27.3.2 ECC Block address data configuration.............................................................................................82

27.3.3 Parity A and Parity B ...........................................................................................................................82

27.3.4 Field ID0................................................................................................................................................84

27.3.5 Field ID1................................................................................................................................................85

27.3.6 Field ID2................................................................................................................................................87

27.3.7 Field ID3 and Field ID4 ........................................................................................................................88

27.3.8 Field ID5................................................................................................................................................90

28 Data structure of R-Information Zone and ODTA.............................................................................90

28.1 Layout of Disk Testing Area and Recording Management Area ....................................................90

28.2 Structure of the Disk Testing Area ....................................................................................................91

28.3 Data configuration of the Recording Management Area (RMA) .....................................................93

28.3.1 Sector format of the Recording Management Area .........................................................................93

28.3.2 Recording Management Data (Format1 RMD and Format4 RMD)..................................................95

Annex A (normative) Measurement of the angular deviation α .................................................................124

Annex B (normative) Measurement of birefringence ..................................................................................126

Annex C (normative) Measurement of the differential phase tracking error ............................................129

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ISO/IEC 12862:2011(E)

Annex D (normative) Measurement of light reflectance..............................................................................133

Annex E (normative) Tapered cone for disk clamping................................................................................135

Annex F (normative) Measurement of jitter..................................................................................................136

Annex G (normative) 8-to-16 Modulation with RLL (2,10) requirements ...................................................139

Annex H (normative) Optimum Power Control ............................................................................................149

Annex I (normative) Measurement of the groove wobble amplitude.........................................................151

Annex J (normative) Measurement methods for the operational signals for an unrecorded disk.........153

Annex K (normative) NBCA Code..................................................................................................................154

Annex L (normative) Border Zone .................................................................................................................160

Annex M (normative) Measurement method of the Land Pre-Pit signal....................................................173

Annex N (normative) Construction of Information Zone.............................................................................174

Annex O (normative) Recording order..........................................................................................................176

Annex P (normative) Clearance in the number of sectors..........................................................................177

Annex Q (normative) Anchor Point Re-mapping .........................................................................................179

Annex R (informative) Measurement method of the Space layer thickness in a disk..............................181

Annex S (informative) Transportation...........................................................................................................182

vi © ISO/IEC 2011 – All rights reserved
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ISO/IEC 12862:2011(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) and IEC (the International Electrotechnical

Commission) form the specialized system for worldwide standardization. National bodies that are members of

ISO or IEC participate in the development of International Standards through technical committees

established by the respective organization to deal with particular fields of technical activity. ISO and IEC

technical committees collaborate in fields of mutual interest. Other international organizations, governmental

and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO and IEC, also take part in the work. In the field of information

technology, ISO and IEC have established a joint technical committee, ISO/IEC JTC 1.

International Standards are drafted in accordance with the rules given in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.

The main task of the joint technical committee is to prepare International Standards. Draft International

Standards adopted by the joint technical committee are circulated to national bodies for voting. Publication as

an International Standard requires approval by at least 75 % of the national bodies casting a vote.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. ISO and IEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

ISO/IEC 12862 was prepared by Ecma International (as ECMA-382) and was adopted, under a special “fast-

track procedure”, by Joint Technical Committee ISO/IEC JTC 1, Information technology, in parallel with its

approval by national bodies of ISO and IEC.

This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition (ISO/IEC 12862:2009), which has been technically

revised.
© ISO/IEC 2011 – All rights reserved vii
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ISO/IEC 12862:2011(E)
Introduction

Ecma Technical Committee TC31 was established in 1984 for the standardization of optical disks and optical

disk cartridges (ODC). Since its establishment, TC31 has made major contributions to ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 23

toward the development of International Standards for optical disks. Numerous standards have been

developed by TC31 and published by Ecma, almost all of which have also been adopted by ISO/IEC under

the fast-track procedure as International Standards. The following Ecma standards for DVD 120 mm and

80 mm have been published by Ecma and adopted by ISO/IEC JTC 1. These standards are based on original

specifications from the DVD Forum.
ECMA-267 (2001) 120 mm DVD-Read-Only Disk, 3 edition
ISO/IEC 16448
ECMA-268 (2001) 80 mm DVD-Read-Only Disk, 3 edition
ISO/IEC 16449
ECMA
...

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