This document specifies the data migration method for DVD-R, DVD-RW, DVD-RAM, +R, +RW, CD-R, CD-RW, BD Recordable and BD Rewritable disks for long-term data storage. By applying this document for information storage, digital data can be migrated to a next new disk without loss from the present disk if data errors are completely corrected before and during the migration and provided copying of the data is allowed. This document specifies: — a data migration method for long-term data storage; — test methods for measuring maximum data error, including ambient condition, test area, test drive, disk preparation and test execution; — an initial performance test and a periodic performance test that check an error rate of data recorded on the disks with categorized maximum data error tables; — precautions to reduce the possibility of deterioration in order to assure the integrity of the disks during their use, storage, handling or transportation; and — the estimated lifetime of Bmig (B0,000 1) life to determine the test interval for the periodic performance test.

  • Standard
    26 pages
    English language
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  • Draft
    26 pages
    English language
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This document specifies mechanical, physical and optical characteristics of a 120 mm recordable optical disk with a capacity of 25,0 Gbytes or 50,0 Gbytes. It specifies the quality of the recorded and unrecorded signals, the format of the data and the recording method, thereby allowing for information interchange by means of such disks. User data can be written once and read many times using a non-reversible method. This disk is identified as BD recordable disk. This document specifies the following: — three related but different types of this disk; — the conditions for conformance; — the environments in which the disk is to be operated and stored; — the mechanical and physical characteristics of the disk, so as to provide mechanical interchange between data processing systems; — the format of the information on the disk, including the physical disposition of the tracks and sectors; — the error-correcting codes and the coding method used; — the characteristics of the signals recorded on the disk, enabling data processing systems to read data from the disk. This document provides for interchange of disks between disk drives. Together with a standard for volume and file structure, it provides for full data interchange between data processing systems.

  • Standard
    231 pages
    English language
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  • Draft
    231 pages
    English language
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This document specifies the mechanical, physical and optical characteristics of a 120 mm rewritable optical disk with a capacity of 25,0 Gbytes or 50,0 Gbytes. It specifies the quality of the recorded and unrecorded signals, the format of the data and the recording method, thereby allowing for information interchange by means of such disks. User data can be written, read and overwritten many times using a reversible method. This disk is identified as a BD rewritable disk. This document specifies the following: — two related but different types of this disk; — conditions for conformance; — environments in which the disk is to be operated and stored; — mechanical and physical characteristics of the disk, which allow mechanical interchange between data processing systems; — format of the information on the disk, including the physical disposition of the tracks and sectors; — error-correcting codes and coding method used; — characteristics of the signals recorded on the disk, which enable data processing systems to read data from the disk. This document provides for interchange of disks between drives. Together with a standard for volume and file structure, it provides for full data interchange between data processing systems.

  • Standard
    214 pages
    English language
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  • Draft
    214 pages
    English language
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This document specifies the mechanical, physical and optical characteristics of a 120 mm recordable optical disk with a capacity of 100,0 Gbytes, 128,0 Gbytes or 200,0 Gbytes. It specifies the quality of the recorded and unrecorded signals, the format of the data and the recording method, thereby allowing for information interchange by means of such disks. User data can be written once and read many times using a non-reversible method. This disk is identified as BD recordable disk. This document specifies the following: — three related but different types of this disk; — the conditions for conformance; — the environments in which the disk is to be operated and stored; — the mechanical and physical characteristics of the disk, so as to provide mechanical interchange between data processing systems; — the format of the information on the disk, including the physical disposition of the tracks and sectors; — the error correcting codes and the coding method used; — the characteristics of the signals recorded on the disk, enabling data processing systems to read the data from the disk. This document provides for interchange of disks between disk drives. Together with a standard for volume and file structure, it provides for full data interchange between data processing systems.

  • Standard
    298 pages
    English language
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  • Draft
    298 pages
    English language
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  • Standard
    2 pages
    English language
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This document specifies the mechanical, physical and optical characteristics of a 120 mm rewritable optical disk with a capacity of 100,0 Gbytes. It specifies the quality of the recorded and unrecorded signals, the format of the data and the recording method, thereby allowing for information interchange by means of such disks. User data can be written, read and overwritten many times using a reversible method. This disk is identified as a BD rewritable disk. This document specifies the following: — the one disk type; — the conditions for conformance; — the environments in which the disk is to be operated and stored; — the mechanical and physical characteristics of the disk, so as to provide mechanical interchange between data processing systems; — the format of the information on the disk, including the physical disposition of the tracks and sectors; — the error-correcting codes and the coding method used; — the characteristics of the signals recorded on the disk, enabling data processing systems to read data from the disk. This document provides for interchange of disks between disk drives. Together with a standard for volume and file structure, it provides for full data interchange between data processing systems.

  • Standard
    270 pages
    English language
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  • Standard
    269 pages
    English language
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IEC 62702-1-2:2017(E) specifies a method of data-quality assurance for writable disks which are specified for long-term data storage, and a data migration method, which can sustain the recorded data on disks for long-term audio data preservation. The writable disks include Blu-ray Disk (BD) Recordable disk and BD Rewritable disk.
This document specifies the physical and logical aspects for a standard of audio archives of various storage types which are typically used for audio archives in markets.
The IEC 62702 series consists of:
- IEC 62702-1, which specifies the minimum requirements on physical aspects of optical disks for digital sound recordings; IEC 62702-1-1 specifies requirements for DVD optical disks, IEC 62702-1-2 specifies requirements for BD optical disks.
- IEC 62702-2, which specifies the minimum requirements for digitization of content, format of digitized content, content information and media inspection.

  • Standard
    20 pages
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ISO/IEC 16963:2017 specifies an accelerated ageing test method for estimating the lifetime of the retrievability of information stored on recordable or rewritable optical disks. The method is based on the theoretical assumption that the lifetime of data recorded on an optical disk has a lognormal distribution. Detailed testing is specified for the following formats: DVD-R/RW/RAM disks, +R/+RW disks, CD-R/RW disks and BD recordable/rewritable disks. The testing can be applied to additional optical-disk formats with substitution of the appropriate specifications and can also be updated by the committee in the future as required. ISO/IEC 16963:2017 includes: - stress conditions: - Basic and Rigorous stress-conditions for testing and subsequent analysis using both the Eyring and Arrhenius methods; - ambient storage conditions in which the lifetime of data stored on optical disk is estimated: - a Controlled storage-condition, Temp = 25 °C and RH = 50 %, representing full-time air conditioning. The Eyring method is used to estimate the lifetime under this storage condition; - a Harsh storage-condition, Temp = 30 °C and RH = 80 %, representing the most severe conditions in which users handle and store optical disks. The Arrhenius method is used to estimate the lifetime under this storage condition; - a description of the evaluation system; - procedures for specimen preparation and data acquisition; - definitions and methods used in testing specific disk types; - analysis of test results to determine the lifetime of stored data; - a format for reporting the estimated lifetime of stored data. The methodology includes only the effects of temperature and relative humidity. It does not attempt to model degradation due to complex failure mechanism kinetics, nor does it test for exposure to light, corrosive gases, contaminants, handling, or variations in playback subsystems. Disks exposed to these additional sources of stress or higher levels of temperature and relative humidity are expected to experience shorter usable lifetime.

  • Standard
    52 pages
    English language
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This part of IEC 62702 specifies a method of data-quality assurance for writable DVD disks
(hereinafter disks) which are specified for long term data storage, and a data migration
method which can sustain the recorded data on disks for long term audio data preservation.
The writable disks include recordable disks such as DVD-R, and +R format, and rewritable
disks such as DVD-RW, +RW format and DVD-RAM.

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IEC 62702-1-1:2016 specifies a method of data-quality assurance for writable DVD disks (hereinafter disks) which are specified for long term data storage, and a data migration method which can sustain the recorded data on disks for long term audio data preservation. The writable disks include recordable disks such as DVD-R, and R format, and rewritable disks such as DVD-RW, RW format and DVD-RAM.

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    27 pages
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ISO 30190:2016 specifies mechanical, physical and optical characteristics of a 120 mm recordable optical disk with a capacity of 25,0 Gbytes or 50,0 Gbytes. It specifies the quality of the recorded and unrecorded signals, the format of the data and the recording method, thereby allowing for information interchange by means of such disks. User data can be written once and read many times using a non-reversible method. This disk is identified as BD Recordable disk. ISO 30190:2016 specifies the following: - three related but different Types of this disk; - the conditions for conformance; the environments in which the disk is to be operated and stored; - the mechanical and physical characteristics of the disk, so as to provide mechanical interchange between data processing systems; - the format of the information on the disk, including the physical disposition of the Tracks and Sectors; - the error-correcting codes and the coding method used; - the characteristics of the signals recorded on the disk, enabling data processing systems to read data from the disk. This International Standard provides for interchange of disks between disk drives. Together with a standard for volume and file structure, it provides for full data interchange between data processing systems.

  • Standard
    243 pages
    English language
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  • Standard
    243 pages
    English language
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IEC 62702-1-1:2016 specifies a method of data-quality assurance for writable DVD disks (hereinafter disks) which are specified for long term data storage, and a data migration method which can sustain the recorded data on disks for long term audio data preservation. The writable disks include recordable disks such as DVD-R, and R format, and rewritable disks such as DVD-RW, RW format and DVD-RAM.
The contents of the corrigendum of February 2018 have been included in this copy.

  • Standard
    50 pages
    English and French language
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IEC TS 62702-2:2016(E) specifies the requirements for digitization of audio data for audio preservation.

  • Technical specification
    17 pages
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This International Standard establishes general principles for the care and handling of digital optical
discs during use. It addresses the issues of physical integrity of the medium necessary to preserve access
to the recorded data (information). This International Standard includes recommendations for handling
procedures to maximize the effective life of optical discs. Faulty handling, packing and transporting
techniques and methods often cause physical damage to the discs and to the content recorded thereon.
Extending the longevity of optical discs requires the identification of appropriate handling methods, as
well as well-developed and implemented training programs.
For the purposes of this International Standard, the term “optical disc” includes the families of compact
disc (CD), digital versatile disc (DVD), high definition digital versatile disc (HD DVD) and Blu-ray disc
(BD)1), and any hybrids of these families. The term “optical disc” also includes each type of disc within
a family, including injection moulded [read-only memory (ROM)], dye-layer [recordable (R)] and phase
change [rewritable (RW, RE), random access memory (RAM), and recordable (BD-R)] technologies.
While some of the recommendations in this International Standard (e.g. those for staff training) apply
specifically to large-scale or long term usage, the basics of all recommendations in this International
Standard are intended to be applied in circumstances where the desired result is long-term usage of the
medium whether archival, commercial or personal.
This International Standard does not cover magneto-optical (MO) discs, laser discs (LD) or glass discs.
At the time of writing, International Standards do not exist for HD DVD and Blu-ray discs. Nonetheless,
it is believed that the recommendations in this International Standard for care and handling can equally
apply to them. It is recognized that some of these requirements are not necessarily possible for the
individual user to achieve.
The following are within the scope of this International Standard:
— use and handling environments, including pollutants, temperature and humidity and light exposure;
— contamination concerns;
— inspection;
— cleaning and maintenance, including cleaning methods and frequency;
— transportation;
— disasters, including water, fire, construction and post-disaster procedures;
— staff training.
The quality of the data written on the disc is outside the scope of this International Standard. However,
a high quality result of the recording phase is important to the longevity of information. It is advisable
that a rigorous program of data integrity testing be implemented, as this forms an obligatory part of
all digital long-term storage. In addition, when keeping digital information for archival purposes, it is
advisable that a multiple copy/multiple location strategy be in place.

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  • Standard
    32 pages
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ISO 18938:2014 establishes general principles for the care and handling of digital optical discs during use. It addresses the issues of physical integrity of the medium necessary to preserve access to the recorded data (information). ISO 18938:2014 includes recommendations for handling procedures to maximize the effective life of optical discs. The following are within the scope of ISO 18938:2014: use and handling environments, including pollutants, temperature and humidity and light exposure; contamination concerns; inspection; cleaning and maintenance, including cleaning methods and frequency; transportation; disasters, including water, fire, construction and post-disaster procedures; staff training.

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    26 pages
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  • Standard
    32 pages
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This International Standard specifies a test method for estimating the life expectancy of information stored on recordable compact disc systems. Only the effects of temperature and relative humidity on the media are considered. This International Standard does not cover the effects of light, air pollution, or time-dependent flow phenomena.

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    26 pages
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  • Standard
    29 pages
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  • Standard
    12 pages
    English language
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ISO 18927:2013 specifies a test method for estimating the life expectancy of information stored on recordable compact disc systems. Only the effects of temperature and relative humidity on the media are considered.

  • Standard
    26 pages
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  • Standard
    29 pages
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This International Standard establishes extended-term storage conditions for optical discs and provides recommendations concerning the storage conditions, storage facilities, enclosures, and inspection for optical discs. It is applicable to discs made for audio, video, instrumentation, and computer use. Recommendations are general in nature and it is advisable that the manufacturer's cautions for specific material be considered. Relaxation from these recommendations, whether before or after recording, will generally result in shortened life expectancy.

  • Standard
    10 pages
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IEC/TR 62780:2012(E) provides protection schemes against mechanical stress during distribution or keeping of e-books (see IEC 62229) stored in interchangeable optical storage media such as CDs and DVDs, and shows the stress-strain characteristics of the interchangeable storage media from which the protection schemes are derived.

  • Technical report
    13 pages
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ISO 18926:2012 specifies a test method for estimating the life expectancy (LE) of information stored on rewritable and write-once magneto-optical media. Only the effects of temperature and relative humidity on the media are considered.

  • Standard
    21 pages
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ISO/IEC 10995:2011 specifies an accelerated aging test method for estimating the life expectancy for the retrievability of information stored on recordable or rewritable optical disks. This test includes details on the following formats: DVD-R/-RW/-RAM, +R/+RW. It can be applied to additional optical disk formats with the appropriate specification substitutions and can be updated in the future as required. ISO/IEC 10995:2011 includes - stress conditions, - assumptions, - ambient conditions: controlled storage conditions, e.g. 25 °C and 50 % RH, using the Eyring model; and uncontrolled storage conditions, e.g. 30 °C and 80 % RH, using the Arrhenius model, - evaluation system description, - specimen preparation, - data acquisition procedure, and - data interpretation.

  • Standard
    27 pages
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This International Standard specifies a test method for estimating the life expectancy (LE) of information stored on compact disc (CD-ROM) media, including CD audio, but excluding recordable media. Only the effects of temperature and relative humidity on the media are considered.

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    19 pages
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  • Standard
    23 pages
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ISO/IEC 12862:2011 specifies the mechanical, physical and optical characteristics of a 120 mm and an 80 mm dual layer DVD recordable disk to enable the interchange of such disks. It specifies the quality of the pre-recorded, unrecorded and recorded signals, the format of the data, the format of the information zone, the format of the unrecorded zone, and the recording method, thereby allowing for information interchange by means of such disks. This disk is identified as a DVD recordable disk for dual layer (DVD-R for DL). ISO/IEC 12862:2011 specifies the following: 120 mm and 80 mm nominal diameter disks that can be either single- or double-sided; the conditions for conformance; the environments in which the disk is to be operated and stored; the mechanical and physical characteristics of the disk, so as to provide mechanical interchange between data processing systems; the format of the pre-recorded information on an unrecorded disk, including the physical disposition of the tracks and sectors, the error correcting codes and the coding method used; the format of the data and the recorded information on the disk, including the physical disposition of the tracks and sectors, the error correcting codes and the coding method used; the characteristics of the signals from pre-recorded and unrecorded areas on the disk, enabling data processing systems to read the pre-recorded information and to write to the disks; the characteristics of the signals recorded on the disk, enabling data processing systems to read the data from the disk. ISO/IEC 12862:2011 provides for interchange of disks between disk drives. Together with a standard for volume and file structure, it provides for full data interchange between data processing systems.

  • Standard
    182 pages
    English language
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ISO/IEC 29171:2009 specifies the dimensional, mechanical and physical characteristics of an information Versatile Disk for Removable usage (iVDR) cartridge to enable mechanical interchangeability between data processing systems. An iVDR cartridge can contain hard disk drive technology or other suitable storage technologies. ISO/IEC 29171:2009 specifies the environment in which iVDR cartridges are to be operated and stored, and specifies the dimensions and pin assignments of a connector employed by iVDR cartridges to enable data interchange. Together with ISO/IEC 24739-3 and a standard for volume and file structure, ISO/IEC 29171:2009 enables full data interchange between data processing systems.

  • Standard
    29 pages
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ISO/TR 10255:2009 gives recommendations and provides guidance for maintaining archival optical disk collections. It describes the various services that would be necessary for the management of an optical media‑based system to ensure a successful implementation of this technology. ISO/TR 10255:2009 also provides guidance in the maintenance of data residing on on-line, off-line, and near-line digital optical storage devices; establishes a plan to ensure the migration path of digital information from early and current technology and optical media to future technologies and media; provides guidance for the short- and long-term effect of the finite life of digital optical storage devices. ISO/TR 10255:2009 also describes all forms of optical disk media including write-once-read-many (WORM), magneto-optical (MO), compact disk (CD), digital versatile disk (DVD) and newer technologies.

  • Technical report
    24 pages
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ISO/IEC 13170:2010 specifies the mechanical, physical and optical characteristics of a 120 mm and an 80 mm dual layer DVD re-recordable disk to enable the interchange of such disks. It specifies the quality of the embossed, unrecorded and the recorded signals, the format of the data, the format of the information zone, the format of the unrecorded zone, and the recording method, thereby allowing for information interchange by means of such disks. This disk is identified as a DVD re-recordable disk for dual layer (DVD-RW for DL). ISO/IEC 13170:2010 specifies: 120 mm and 80 mm nominal diameter disks that may be either single or double sided; the conditions for conformance; the environments in which the disk is to be operated and stored; the mechanical and physical characteristics of the disk, so as to provide mechanical interchange between data processing systems; the format of the embossed information on an unrecorded disk, including the physical disposition of the tracks and sectors, the error correcting codes and the coding method used; the format of the data and the recorded information on the disk, including the physical disposition of the tracks and sectors, the error correcting codes and the coding method used; the characteristics of the signals from embossed and unrecorded areas on the disk, enabling data processing systems to read the embossed information and to write to the disks; the characteristics of the signals recorded on the disk, enabling data processing systems to read the data from the disk. ISO/IEC 13170:2010 provides for interchange of disks between disk drives. Together with an International Standard for volume and file structure, it provides for full data interchange between data processing systems.

  • Standard
    175 pages
    English language
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ISO/IEC 29642:2009 specifies the mechanical, physical and optical characteristics of 120 mm rewritable optical disks with capacities of 8,55 Gbytes and 17,1 Gbytes. It specifies the quality of the recorded and unrecorded signals, the format of the data and the recording method, thereby allowing for information interchange by means of such disks. The data can be written, read and overwritten many times using the phase change method. These disks are identified as +RW DL. ISO/IEC 29642:2009 also specifies 80 mm disks with capacities of 2,66 Gbytes and 5,32 Gbytes. These disks have the same characteristics as the 120 mm disks, except for some parameters related to the smaller dimensions. All parameters unique for the 80 mm disks are specified in an annex. ISO/IEC 29642:2009 specifies the following: two related but different types of this disk; the conditions for conformance; the environments in which the disk is to be tested, operated and stored; the mechanical, physical and dimensional characteristics of the disk, so as to provide mechanical interchange between data processing systems; the format of the information on the disk, including the physical disposition of the tracks and sectors, the error correcting codes and the coding method; the characteristics of the signals recorded on the disk, thus enabling data processing systems to read the data from the disk. ISO/IEC 29642:2009 provides for the interchange of disks between optical disk drives. Together with a standard for volume and file structure, it provides for full data interchange between data processing systems.

  • Standard
    143 pages
    English language
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ISO/IEC 26925:2009 specifies the mechanical, physical and optical characteristics of 120 mm rewritable optical disks with capacities of 4,7 Gbytes and 9,4 Gbytes. It specifies the quality of the recorded and unrecorded signals, the format of the data and the recording method, thereby allowing for information interchange by means of such disks. The data can be written, read and overwritten many times using the phase change method. These disks are identified as +RW HS (High Speed). ISO/IEC 26925:2009 also specifies 80 mm disks with capacities of 1,46 Gbytes and 2,92 Gbytes. These disks have the same characteristics as the 120 mm disks, except for some parameters related to the smaller dimensions. All parameters unique for the 80 mm disks are specified in an annex. ISO/IEC 26925:2009 specifies the following: two related but different types of this disk; the conditions for conformance; the environments in which the disk is to be tested, operated and stored; the mechanical, physical and dimensional characteristics of the disk, so as to provide mechanical interchange between data processing systems; the format of the information on the disk, including the physical disposition of the tracks and sectors, the error correcting codes and the coding method; the characteristics of the signals recorded on the disk, thus enabling data processing systems to read the data from the disk. ISO/IEC 26925:2009 provides for the interchange of disks between optical disk drives. Together with a standard for volume and file structure, it provides for full data interchange between data processing systems.

  • Standard
    133 pages
    English language
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ISO/IEC 17344:2009 specifies the mechanical, physical and optical characteristics of 120 mm recordable optical disks with capacities of 4,7 Gbytes and 9,4 Gbytes. It specifies the quality of the recorded and unrecorded signals, the format of the data and the recording method, thereby allowing for information interchange by means of such disks. The data can be written once and read many times using a non-reversible method. These disks are identified as +R. ISO/IEC 17344:2009 also specifies 80 mm disks with capacities of 1,46 Gbytes and 2,92 Gbytes. These disks have the same characteristics as the 120 mm disks, except for some parameters related to the smaller dimensions. All parameters unique for the 80 mm disks are specified in an annex. ISO/IEC 17344:2009 specifies the following: two related but different types of this disk; the conditions for conformance; the environments in which the disk is to be tested, operated and stored; the mechanical, physical and dimensional characteristics of the disk, so as to provide mechanical interchange between data processing systems; the format of the information on the disk, including the physical disposition of the tracks and sectors, the error correcting codes and the coding method; the characteristics of the signals recorded on the disk, thus enabling data processing systems to read the data from the disk. ISO/IEC 17344:2009 provides for the interchange of disks between optical disk drives. Together with a standard for volume and file structure, it provides for full data interchange between data processing systems.

  • Standard
    155 pages
    English language
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ISO/IEC 17341:2009 specifies the mechanical, physical and optical characteristics of 120 mm rewritable optical disks with capacities of 4,7 Gbytes and 9,4 Gbytes. It specifies the quality of the recorded and unrecorded signals, the format of the data and the recording method, thereby allowing for information interchange by means of such disks. The data can be written, read and overwritten many times using the phase change method. These disks are identified as +RW. ISO/IEC 17341:2009 also specifies 80 mm disks with capacities of 1,46 Gbytes and 2,92 Gbytes. These disks have the same characteristics as the 120 mm disks, except for some parameters related to the smaller dimensions. All parameters unique for the 80 mm disks are specified in an annex. ISO/IEC 17341:2009 specifies the following: two related but different types of this disk; the conditions for conformance; the environments in which the disk is to be tested, operated and stored; the mechanical, physical and dimensional characteristics of the disk, so as to provide mechanical interchange between data processing systems; the format of the information on the disk, including the physical disposition of the tracks and sectors, the error correcting codes and the coding method; the characteristics of the signals recorded on the disk, thus enabling data processing systems to read the data from the disk. ISO/IEC 17341:2009 provides for the interchange of disks between optical disk drives. Together with a standard for volume and file structure, it provides for full data interchange between data processing systems.

  • Standard
    129 pages
    English language
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ISO/IEC 25434:2008 specifies the mechanical, physical and optical characteristics of 120 mm recordable optical disks with capacities of 8,55 Gbytes and 17,1 Gbytes. It specifies the quality of the recorded and unrecorded signals, the format of the data and the recording method, thereby allowing for information interchange by means of such disks. The data can be written once and read many times using a non-reversible method. These disks are identified as +R DL. ISO/IEC 25434:2008 also specifies 80 mm disks with capacities of 2,66 Gbytes and 5,32 Gbytes. These disks have the same characteristics as the 120 mm disks, except for some parameters related to the smaller dimensions. All parameters unique for the 80 mm disks are specified in an annex. ISO/IEC 25434:2008 specifies the following: two related but different Types of this disk; the conditions for conformance; the environments in which the disk is to be tested, operated and stored; the mechanical, physical and dimensional characteristics of the disk, so as to provide mechanical interchange between data processing systems; the format of the information on the disk, including the physical disposition of the tracks and sectors, the error correcting codes and the coding method; the characteristics of the signals recorded on the disk, thus enabling data processing systems to read the data from the disk. ISO/IEC 25434:2008 provides for the interchange of disks between optical disk drives. Together with a standard for volume and file structure, it provides for full data interchange between data processing systems.

  • Standard
    177 pages
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ISO 18921:2008 specifies a test method for estimating the life expectancy (LE) of information stored on compact disc (CD-ROM) media, including CD audio, but excluding recordable media. Only the effects of temperature and relative humidity on the media are considered.

  • Standard
    19 pages
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  • Standard
    23 pages
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This document specifies the mechanical, physical and optical characteristics of a 120 mm rewritable optical disk with a capacity of 100,0 Gbytes. It specifies the quality of the recorded and unrecorded signals, the format of the data and the recording method, thereby allowing for information interchange by means of such disks. User data can be written, read and overwritten many times using a reversible method. This disk is identified as a BD rewritable disk. This document specifies the following: — the one disk type; — the conditions for conformance; — the environments in which the disk is to be operated and stored; — the mechanical and physical characteristics of the disk, so as to provide mechanical interchange between data processing systems; — the format of the information on the disk, including the physical disposition of the tracks and sectors; — the error-correcting codes and the coding method used; — the characteristics of the signals recorded on the disk, enabling data processing systems to read data from the disk. This document provides for interchange of disks between disk drives. Together with a standard for volume and file structure, it provides for full data interchange between data processing systems.

  • Draft
    270 pages
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ISO/IEC 17345:2006 specifies the mechanical, physical, and optical characteristics of a 130 mm optical disk cartridge (ODC) that employs thermo-optical Phase Change effects to enable data interchange between such disks. It specifies two types: Type RW (Rewritable) provides for data to be written read and erased many times over the recording surfaces of the disk. Type WORM (Write Once Read Many) provides for data once written to be read a multiplicity of times. This type uses a Write Once Read Many times recording material (written marks cannot be erased and attempted modifications of the written marks are detectable). Multisession (incremental write operations) recording may be performed on Type WORM disks.

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    164 pages
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Specifies the HD-BURN format applied to CD-R/RW discs. The HD-BURN system is capable of recording the information in double density compared to the conventional CD-R/RW disc. It enables the realization of products with high reliability, high speed and interchangeability, and is especially suitable for consumer applications with high cost-performance.

  • Standard
    33 pages
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ISO/IEC 23912:2005 specifies the mechanical, physical and optical characteristics of an 80 mm and a 120 mm DVD Recordable disk to enable the interchange of such disks. It specifies the quality of the pre-recorded, unrecorded and the recorded signals, the format of the data, the format of the information zone, the format of the unrecorded zone, and the recording method, thereby allowing for information interchange by means of such disks. This disk is identified as a DVD Recordable (DVD-R) disk. ISO/IEC 23912:2005 specifies: - 80 mm and 120 mm nominal diameter disks that may be either single or double sided; - the conditions for conformance; - the environments in which the disk is to be operated and stored; - the mechanical and physical characteristics of the disk, so as to provide mechanical interchange between data processing systems; - the format of the pre-recorded information on an unrecorded disk, including the physical disposition of the tracks and sectors, the error correcting codes and the coding method used; - the format of the data and the recorded information on the disk, including the physical disposition of the tracks and sectors, the error correcting codes and the coding method used; - the characteristics of the signals from pre-recorded and unrecorded areas on the disk, enabling data processing systems to read the pre-recorded information and to write to the disks; and - the characteristics of the signals recorded on the disk, enabling data processing systems to read the data from the disk. ISO/IEC 23912:2005 provides for interchange of disks between disk drives. Together with a standard for volume and file structure, it provides for full data interchange between data processing systems.

  • Standard
    135 pages
    English language
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ISO/IEC 22533:2005 defines the characteristics of 90 mm Optical Disk Cartridges (ODC) with a capacity of 2,3 GB per cartridge. It specifies only Type R/W for 2 048-byte sectors of such cartridge. Type R/W provides for data to be written, read and erased many times over the entire recording surface of the disk using the thermo-magnetic and magneto-optical effects. It is also referred to as "fully rewritable". ISO/IEC 22533:2005 provides for 2 048-byte sectors only. All sectors on a disk are of the same size. ISO/IEC 22533:2005 specifies: the conditions for conformance testing and the Reference Drive; the environments in which the cartridges are to be operated and stored; the mechanical and physical characteristics of the cartridge, so as to provide mechanical interchange ability between data processing systems; the format of the information on the disk, both embossed and user-written, including the physical disposition of the tracks and sectors, the error correction codes and the modulation method used; the characteristics of the embossed information on the disk; the magneto-optical characteristics of the disk, enabling processing systems to write data onto the disk; the minimum quality of user-written data on the disk, enabling data processing systems to read data from the disk. ISO/IEC 22533:2005 provides for interchange between optical disk drives. Together with a standard for volume and file structure, it provides for full data interchange between data processing systems.

  • Standard
    126 pages
    English language
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IEC 62403:2005 specifies the HD-BURN format applied to CD-R/RW discs. The HD-BURN system is capable of recording the information in double density compared to the conventional CD-R/RW disc. It enables the realization of products with high reliability, high speed and interchangeability, and is especially suitable for consumer applications with high cost-performance. It describes:
- the physical characteristics for the recording and playback;
- the track structure of a disc, the data structure in the track;
- logical format structure.

  • Standard
    61 pages
    English and French language
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ISO/IEC 17346:2005 defines the characteristics of 90 mm Optical Disk Cartridges (ODC) with a capacity of 1,3 GB per cartridge. It specifies only Type R/W for 2 048-byte sectors of such cartridges. Type R/W provides for data to be written, read and erased many times over the entire recording surface of the disk using the thermo-magnetic and magneto-optical effects. It is also referred to as "fully rewritable". ISO/IEC 17346:2004 provides for 2 048-byte sectors only. All sectors on a disk are of the same size. ISO/IEC 17346:2005 specifies: the conditions for conformance testing and the Reference Drive; the environments in which the cartridges are to be operated and stored; the mechanical and physical characteristics of the cartridge, so as to provide mechanical interchange ability between data processing systems; the format of the information on the disk, both embossed and user-written; including the physical disposition of the tracks and sectors, the error correction codes, and the modulation method used; the characteristics of the embossed information on the disk; the magneto-optical characteristics of the disk, enabling processing systems to write data onto the disk; the minimum quality of user-written data on the disk, enabling data processing systems to read data from the disk. ISO/IEC 17346:2005 provides for interchange between optical disk drives. Together with a standard for volume and file structure, it provides for full data interchange between data processing systems.

  • Standard
    115 pages
    English language
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ISO/IEC 17342:2004 specifies the mechanical, physical and optical characteristics of an 80 mm and a 120 mm DVD re-recordable disk to enable the interchange of such disks. It specifies the quality of the pre-recorded, unrecorded and the recorded signals, the format of the data, the format of the information zone, the format of the unrecorded zone, and the recording method, thereby allowing for information interchange by means of such disks.

  • Standard
    148 pages
    English language
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ISO/IEC 17594:2004 specifies the characteristics of a case for use with the 120 mm and 80 mm DVD-RAM disks specified in ISO/IEC 17592. ISO/IEC 17594:2004 specifies nine related, but different implementations of this case. ISO/IEC 17594:2004 specifies: the environments in which the cases are to be operated and stored; the dimensional and mechanical characteristics of the case, so as to provide mechanical interchangeability between data processing systems. ISO/IEC 17594:2004 provides for mechanical interchange between optical disk drives. Together with ISO/IEC 17592 for 120 mm (4,7 Gbytes per side) and 80 mm (1,46 Gbytes per side) DVD-RAM disks and a standard for volume and file structure, it provides for full data interchange between data processing systems.

  • Standard
    115 pages
    English language
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ISO/IEC 17592:2004 specifies the mechanical, physical and optical characteristics of an optical disk, identified as DVD Rewritable Disk (DVD-RAM), to enable interchange of such disks. It specifies the quality of the recorded signals, the format of the data and the recording method, thereby allowing for information interchange by means of such disks. The data can be written, read and overwritten many times using the phase change method. Two Types are specified that differ only by their diameter of 120 mm and 80 mm, and the resulting difference of capacity.

  • Standard
    129 pages
    English language
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ISO/IEC 22092:2002 specifies the mechanical, physical, and optical characteristics of a 130 mm optical disk cartridge (ODC) that employs thermo-magnetic and magneto-optical effects to enable data interchange between such disks. ISO/IEC 22092:2002 specifies two Types, viz. Type R/W provides for data to be written, read and erased many time over the recording surface(s) of the disk. Type WO provides for data once written to be read a multiplicity of times. Data shall not be erased nor amended. Multisession (incremental write operations) recording may be performed on type WO disks. The disk shall be of the same Type if recorded on both sides, A and B. Each side shall have a nominal capacity of 4,58 Gbytes, irrespective of the Type. The format specifies two sector sizes and allows for emulation of two further sizes. ISO/IEC 22092:2002 specifies the conditions for conformance testing and the Reference Drive; the environments in which the cartridges are to be operated and stored; the mechanical, physical and dimensional characteristics of the cartridge so as to provide mechanical interchangeability between data processing systems; the format of the information on the disk, both embossed and user-written, including the physical disposition of the tracks and sectors, the error correction codes, the modulation methods used; the characteristics of the embossed information on the disk; the thermo-magnetic and magneto-optical characteristics of the disk, enabling processing systems to write data onto the disk; the minimum quality of user-written data on the disk, enabling data processing systems to read data from the disk. ISO/IEC 22092:2002 provides for interchange between optical disk drives. Together with a standard for volume and file structure it provides for full data interchange between data processing systems.

  • Standard
    133 pages
    English language
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ISO/IEC 16448 specifies the mechanical, physical and optical characteristics of a 120 mm, read-only optical disk to enable the interchange of such disks. It specifies the quality of the recorded signals, the format of the data and the recording method, thereby allowing for information interchange by means of such disks. This disk is identified as DVD - Read-Only Disk. ISO/IEC 16448 specifies four related but different Types of this disk, the conditions for conformance, the environments in which the disk is to be operated and stored, the mechanical and physical characteristics of the disk, so as to provide mechanical interchange between data processing systems, the format of the information on the disk, including the physical disposition of the tracks and sectors, the error correcting codes and the coding method used, the characteristics of the signals recorded on the disk, enabling data processing systems to read the data from the disk. ISO/IEC 16448 provides for interchange of disks between disk drives. Together with a standard for volume and file structure, it provides for full data interchange between data processing systems.

  • Standard
    75 pages
    English language
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ISO/IEC 16449 specifies the mechanical, physical and optical characteristics of a 80 mm, read-only optical disk to enable the interchange of such disks. It specifies the quality of the recorded signals, the format of the data and the recording method, thereby allowing for information interchange by means of such disks. This disk is identified as DVD - Read-Only Disk. ISO/IEC 16449 specifies four related but different Types of this disk, the conditions for conformance, the environments in which the disk is to be operated and stored, the mechanical and physical characteristics of the disk, so as to provide mechanical interchange between data processing systems, the format of the information on the disk, including the physical disposition of the tracks and sectors, the error correcting codes and the coding method used, the characteristics of the signals recorded on the disk, enabling data processing systems to read the data from the disk. ISO/IEC 16449 provides for interchange of disks between disk drives. Together with a standard for volume and file structure, it provides for full data interchange between data processing systems.

  • Standard
    74 pages
    English language
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This International Standard specifies the mechanical, physical and optical characteristics of an 80 mm and a 120 mm DVD - Recordable disk to enable the interchange of such disks. It specifies the quality of the pre-recorded, unrecorded and the recorded signals, the format of the data, the format of the information zone, the format of the unrecorded zone, and the recording method, thereby allowing for information interchange by means of such disks. This disk is identified as a DVD - Recordable (DVD-R) disk. Once data has been recorded on a DVD-R disk it cannot be modified. It can be read many times. Further data may be appended. This International Standard specifies ? 80 mm and 120 mm nominal diameter disks that may be either single or double sided, ? the conditions for conformance, ? the environments in which the disk is to be operated and stored, ? the mechanical and physical characteristics of the disk, so as to provide mechanical interchange between data processing systems, ? the format of the pre-recorded information on an unrecorded disk, including the physical disposition of the tracks and sectors, the error correcting codes and the coding method used, ? the format of the data and the recorded information on the disk, including the physical disposition of the tracks and sectors, the error correcting codes and the coding method used, ? the characteristics of the signals from pre-recorded and unrecorded areas on the disk, enabling data processing systems to read the pre-recorded information and to write to the disks, ? the characteristics of the signals recorded on the disk, enabling data processing systems to read the data from the disk. This International Standard provides for interchange of disks between disk drives. Together with a standard for volume and file structure, it provides for full data interchange between data processing systems.

  • Standard
    101 pages
    English language
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This International Standard specifies the mechanical, physical and optical characteristics of 120 mm rewritable optical disks with capacities of 3,0 Gbytes and 6,0 Gbytes. It specifies the quality of the recorded and unrecorded signals, the format of the data and the recording method, thereby allowing for information interchange by means of such disks. The data can be written, read and overwritten many times using the phase change method. These disks are identified as +RW. This International Standard specifies _ two related but different Types of this disk (see clause 7), _ the conditions for conformance, _ the environments in which the disk is to be tested, operated and stored, _ the mechanical, physical and dimensional characteristics of the disk, so as to provide mechanical interchange between data processing systems, _ the format of the information on the disk, including the physical disposition of the tracks and sectors, the error correcting codes and the coding method, _ the characteristics of the signals recorded on the disk, thus enabling data processing systems to read the data from the disk. This International Standard provides for the interchange of disks between optical disk drives. Together with a standard for volume and file structure, it provides for full data interchange between data processing systems.

  • Standard
    85 pages
    English language
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