Information technology -- Digitally recorded media for information interchange and storage -- 120 mm triple layer (100,0 Gbytes per disk) BD rewritable disk

This document specifies the mechanical, physical and optical characteristics of a 120 mm rewritable optical disk with a capacity of 100,0 Gbytes. It specifies the quality of the recorded and unrecorded signals, the format of the data and the recording method, thereby allowing for information interchange by means of such disks. User data can be written, read and overwritten many times using a reversible method. This disk is identified as a BD rewritable disk. This document specifies the following: —   the one disk type; —   the conditions for conformance; —   the environments in which the disk is to be operated and stored; —   the mechanical and physical characteristics of the disk, in order to provide mechanical interchange between data processing systems; —   the format of the information on the disk, including the physical disposition of the tracks and sectors; —   the error-correcting codes and the coding method used; —   the characteristics of the signals recorded on the disk, enabling data processing systems to read data from the disk. This document provides for interchange of disks between disk drives. Together with a standard for volume and file structure, it provides for full data interchange between data processing systems.

Technologies de I'information -- Supports enregistrés numériquement pour échange et stockage d'information -- Disques BD réinscriptibles de 120 mm triple couche (100,0 Go par disque)

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
07-Dec-2021
Current Stage
5060 - Close of voting Proof returned by Secretariat
Start Date
06-Nov-2021
Completion Date
05-Nov-2021
Ref Project

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ISO/IEC 30193:2021 - Information technology -- Digitally recorded media for information interchange and storage -- 120 mm triple layer (100,0 Gbytes per disk) BD rewritable disk
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ISO/IEC FDIS 30193:Version 04-sep-2021 - Information technology -- Digitally recorded media for information interchange and storage -- 120 mm triple layer (100,0 GB per disk) BD rewritable disk
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INTERNATIONAL ISO/IEC
STANDARD 30193
Fourth edition
2021-12
Information technology — Digitally
recorded media for information
interchange and storage — 120 mm
triple layer (100,0 Gbytes per disk) BD
rewritable disk
Technologies de I'information — Supports enregistrés
numériquement pour échange et stockage d'information — Disques
BD réinscriptibles de 120 mm triple couche (100,0 Go par disque)
Reference number
ISO/IEC 30193:2021(E)
© ISO/IEC 2021
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO/IEC 30193:2021(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO/IEC 2021

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting on

the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address below

or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
© ISO/IEC 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO/IEC 30193:2021(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ix

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................x

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions .................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Symbols and abbreviated terms..........................................................................................................................................................6

5 Conformance ............................................................................................................................................................................................................ 8

5.1 Optical disk ................................................................................................................................................................................................ 8

5.2 Generating system ......... ............................................................. ......................................................................................................... 8

5.3 Receiving system .................................................................................................................................................................................. 8

5.4 Compatibility statement ................................................................................................................................................................ 8

6 Conventions and notations ........................................................................................................................................... .............................8

6.1 Levels of grouping................................................................................................................................................................................ 8

6.2 Representation of numbers ......................................................................................................................................................... 8

6.3 Integer calculus ................................................................................................................................................................................... 10

7 General description of disk ...................................................................................................................................................................10

8 General requirements .................................................................................................................................................................................11

8.1 Environments ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 11

8.1.1 Test environment ............................................................................................................................................................ 11

8.1.2 Operating environment .............................................................................................................................................12

8.1.3 Storage environment ...................................................................................................................................................13

8.1.4 Transportation .................................................................................................................................................................. 14

8.2 Safety requirements ....................................................................................................................................................................... 14

8.3 Flammability ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 14

9 Reference drive ..................................................................................................................................................................................................15

9.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 15

9.2 Measurement conditions ............................................................................................................................................................ 15

9.3 Optical system .....................................................................................................................................................................................15

9.4 Optical beam .......................................................................................................................................................................................... 16

9.5 HF read channel .................................................................................................................................................................................. 16

9.6 Radial PP read channel ................................................................................................................................................................. 17

9.7 Disk clamping ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 17

9.8 Rotation of disk and measurement velocity .............................................................................................................. 17

9.9 Normalized servo transfer function................................................................................................................................. 18

9.10 Measurement velocities and reference servos for axial tracking .......................................................... 18

9.10.1 General ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 18

9.10.2 Reference servo for axial tracking for 1x measurement velocity ........................................ 19

9.10.3 Reference servo for axial tracking for 2x measurement velocity ........................................20

9.11 Measurement velocities and reference servos for radial tracking ........................................................ 21

9.11.1 General ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 21

9.11.2 Reference servo for radial tracking for 1x measurement velocity ..................................... 21

9.11.3 Reference servo for radial tracking for 2x measurement velocity .....................................23

10 Dimensional characteristics ................................................................................................................................................................24

10.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 24

10.2 Disk reference planes and reference axis .................................................................................................................... 24

10.3 Overall dimensions .......................................................................................................................................................................... 26

10.4 First transition area ........................................................................................................................................................................26

10.5 Protection ring ....................................................................................................................................................................................26

10.6 Clamping zone ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 26

10.7 Second transition area ........................................................................................................................................... ....................... 27

iii
© ISO/IEC 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO/IEC 30193:2021(E)

10.8 Information area ................................................................................................................................................................................ 27

10.8.1 General ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 27

10.8.2 Subdivision of information zone on TL disk ...........................................................................................28

10.9 Rim area ....................................................................................................................................................................................................29

11 Mechanical characteristics ....................................................................................................................................................................29

11.1 Mass ............................................................................................................................................................................................................... 29

11.2 Moment of inertia ..............................................................................................................................................................................29

11.3 Dynamic imbalance ......................................................................................................................................................................... 29

11.4 Axial runout ........................................................................................................................................................................................... 29

11.4.1 General .....................................................................................................................................................................................29

11.4.2 Residual axial tracking error for 1x measurement velocity .....................................................30

11.4.3 Residual axial tracking error for 2x measurement velocity .....................................................30

11.5 Radial runout ........................................................................................................................................................................................30

11.5.1 General .....................................................................................................................................................................................30

11.5.2 Residual radial tracking error for 1x measurement velocity .................................................. 31

11.5.3 Residual radial tracking error for 2x measurement velocity .................................................. 31

11.6 Durability of cover layer ............................................................................................................................................................. 31

11.6.1 Impact resistance of cover layer ........................................................................................................................ 31

11.6.2 Scratch resistance of cover layer ...................................................................................................................... 32

11.6.3 Repulsion of fingerprints by cover layer .................................................................................................... 32

12 Optical characteristics in information area ........................................................................................................................32

12.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 32

12.2 Refractive index of transmission stacks (TS) .......................................................................................................... 32

12.3 Thickness of transmission stacks (TS) .......................................................................................................................... 32

12.4 Example of target thickness of spacer layers for TL disks ........................................................................... 33

12.5 Reflectivity of recording layers ............................................................................................................................................ 35

12.6 Birefringence ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 36

12.7 Angular deviation ............................................................................................................................................................................. 36

13 Data format .............................................................................................................................................................................................................37

13.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 37

13.2 Data frame ...............................................................................................................................................................................................39

13.3 Error-detection code (EDC) .....................................................................................................................................................39

13.4 Scrambled data frame ...................................................................................................................................................................40

13.5 Data block ........................................................................................................................................... ......................................................40

13.6 LDC block .................................................................................................................................................................................................. 41

13.7 LDC code words .................................................................................................................................................................................. 42

13.8 LDC cluster .............................................................................................................................................................................................. 43

13.8.1 General ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 43

13.8.2 First interleaving step ................................................................................................................................................ 43

13.8.3 Second interleaving step .......................................................................................................................................... 43

13.9 Addressing and control data ................................................................................................................................................... 45

13.9.1 General ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 45

13.9.2 Address units ...................................................................................................................................................................... 45

13.9.3 User control data .............................................................................................................................................................49

13.9.4 Byte/Bit assignment for user control data ..............................................................................................50

13.10 Access block ........................................................................................................................................................................................... 52

13.11 BIS block .................................................................................................................................................................................................... 52

13.12 BIS code words ....................................................................................................................................................................................53

13.13 BIS cluster ................................................................................................................................................................................................54

13.14 ECC cluster............................................................................................................................................................................................... 57

13.15 Recording frames ..............................................................................................................................................................................58

13.16 Physical cluster ................................................................................................................................................................................... 59

13.17 17PP modulation for recordable data ............................................................................................................................. 59

13.17.1 General ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 59

13.17.2 Bit conversion rules ...................................................................................................................................................... 59

13.17.3 dc-control procedure ...................................................................................................................................................60

13.17.4 Frame sync............................................................................................................................................................................60

© ISO/IEC 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
ISO/IEC 30193:2021(E)

13.18 Modulation and NRZI conversion ....................................................................................................................................... 62

14 Physical data allocating and linking ............................................................................................................................................62

14.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 62

14.2 Recording-unit block (RUB) .....................................................................................................................................................63

14.2.1 General .....................................................................................................................................................................................63

14.2.2 Data run-in ............................................................................................................................................................................63

14.2.3 Data run-out ........................................................................................................................................................................64

14.2.4 Guard_3 field .......................................................................................................................................................................65

14.3 Locating data relative to wobble addresses ..............................................................................................................66

14.3.1 General .....................................................................................................................................................................................66

14.3.2 Start position shift (SPS) ..........................................................................................................................................66

15 Track format ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................68

15.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................68

15.2 Track shape .............................................................................................................................................................................................68

15.2.1 General .....................................................................................................................................................................................68

15.2.2 Groove geometry ............................................................................................................................................................. 69

15.3 Track path ................................................................................................................................................................................................ 69

15.4 Track pitch ............................................................................................................................................................................................... 70

15.4.1 Track pitch in BCA zone ............................................................................................................................................. 70

15.4.2 Track pitch in embossed HFM areas .............................................................................................................. 70

15.4.3 Track pitch in rewritable areas .......................................................................................................................... 70

15.4.4 Track pitch between embossed HFM area and rewritable area ........................................... 70

15.5 Track layout of HFM grooves .................................................................................................................................................. 70

15.5.1 General ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 70

15.5.2 Data format .......................................................................................................................................................................... 71

15.5.3 Addressing and control data .................................................................................................................................72

15.5.4 Recording frames............................................................................................................................................................ 76

15.6 Track layout of wobbled grooves ......................................................................................................................................... 78

15.6.1 General .....................................................................................................................................................................................78

15.6.2 Modulation of wobbles ...............................................................................................................................................78

15.6.3 Wobble polarity ................................................................................................................................................................80

15.7 ADIP information ..............................................................................................................................................................................80

15.7.1 General .....................................................................................................................................................................................80

15.7.2 ADIP unit types .................................................................................................................................................................80

15.7.3 ADIP word structure ...................................................................................................................................................81

15.7.4 ADIP data structure......................................................................................................................................................82

15.7.5 ADIP error correction .................................................................................................................................................85

15.8 Disk information (DI) in ADIP aux frame ....................................................................................................................87

15.8.1 General .....................................................................................................................................................................................87

15.8.2 Error protection for disk-information (DI) aux frames................................................................88

15.8.3 Disk-Information (DI) data structure...........................................................................................................89

16 General description of information zone ............................................................................................................................ 139

16.1 General .....................................................................................................................................................................................................139

16.2 Format of information zone ..................................................................................................................................................140

17 Layout of rewritable area of information zone .............................................

...

FINAL
INTERNATIONAL ISO/IEC
DRAFT
STANDARD FDIS
30193
ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 23
Information technology — Digitally
Secretariat: JISC
recorded media for information
Voting begins on:
2021­09­10 interchange and storage — 120 mm
triple layer (100,0 GB per disk) BD
Voting terminates on:
2021­11­05
rewritable disk
Technologies de l'information — Supports enregistrés
numériquement pour échange et stockage d'information — Disques
BD réinscriptibles de 120 mm triple couche (100,0 Go par disque)
RECIPIENTS OF THIS DRAFT ARE INVITED TO
SUBMIT, WITH THEIR COMMENTS, NOTIFICATION
OF ANY RELEVANT PATENT RIGHTS OF WHICH
THEY ARE AWARE AND TO PROVIDE SUPPOR TING
DOCUMENTATION.
IN ADDITION TO THEIR EVALUATION AS
Reference number
BEING ACCEPTABLE FOR INDUSTRIAL, TECHNO­
ISO/IEC FDIS 30193:2021(E)
LOGICAL, COMMERCIAL AND USER PURPOSES,
DRAFT INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS MAY ON
OCCASION HAVE TO BE CONSIDERED IN THE
LIGHT OF THEIR POTENTIAL TO BECOME STAN­
DARDS TO WHICH REFERENCE MAY BE MADE IN
NATIONAL REGULATIONS. ISO/IEC 2021
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO/IEC FDIS 30193:2021(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO/IEC 2021

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH­1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO/IEC 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO/IEC FDIS 30193:2021(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ix

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................x

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Symbols and abbreviated terms ........................................................................................................................................................... 6

5 Conformance ............................................................................................................................................................................................................. 8

5.1 Optical disk ................................................................................................................................................................................................. 8

5.2 Generating system................................................................................................................................................................................ 8

5.3 Receiving system ................................................................................................................................................................................... 8

5.4 Compatibility statement ................................................................................................................................................................. 8

6 Conventions and notations ........................................................................................................................................................................ 8

6.1 Levels of grouping ................................................................................................................................................................................ 8

6.2 Representation of numbers ......................................................................................................................................................... 8

6.3 Integer calculus ...................................................................................................................................................................................10

7 General description of disk ....................................................................................................................................................................10

8 General requirements ..................................................................................................................................................................................11

8.1 Environments ........................................................................................................................................................................................11

8.1.1 Test environment .........................................................................................................................................................11

8.1.2 Operating environment ...........................................................................................................................................12

8.1.3 Storage environment .................................................................................................................................................13

8.1.4 Transportation ................................................................................................................................................................14

8.2 Safety requirements ........................................................................................................................................................................14

8.3 Flammability ..........................................................................................................................................................................................14

9 Reference drive ...................................................................................................................................................................................................15

9.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................15

9.2 Measurement conditions ......... ....................................................................................................................................................15

9.3 Optical system ......................................................................................................................................................................................15

9.4 Optical beam ..........................................................................................................................................................................................16

9.5 HF read channel ..................................................................................................................................................................................16

9.6 Radial PP read channel .................................................................................................................................................................17

9.7 Disk clamping ........................................................................................................................................................................................17

9.8 Rotation of disk and measurement velocity ...............................................................................................................17

9.9 Normalized servo transfer function...................................................................................................................................18

9.10 Measurement velocities and reference servos for axial tracking .............................................................18

9.10.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................18

9.10.2 Reference servo for axial tracking for 1x measurement velocity ........................................19

9.10.3 Reference servo for axial tracking for 2x measurement velocity ........................................20

9.11 Measurement velocities and reference servos for radial tracking ..........................................................21

9.11.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................21

9.11.2 Reference servo for radial tracking for 1x measurement velocity .....................................21

9.11.3 Reference servo for radial tracking for 2x measurement velocity .....................................23

10 Dimensional characteristics ..................................................................................................................................................................24

10.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................24

10.2 Disk reference planes and reference axis......................................................................................................................24

10.3 Overall dimensions ...........................................................................................................................................................................26

10.4 First transition area .........................................................................................................................................................................26

10.5 Protection ring .....................................................................................................................................................................................26

10.6 Clamping zone ......................................................................................................................................................................................26

10.7 Second transition area ...................................................................................................................................................................27

© ISO/IEC 2021 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO/IEC FDIS 30193:2021(E)

10.8 Information area .................................................................................................................................................................................27

10.8.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................27

10.8.2 Subdivision of information zone on TL disk .........................................................................................28

10.9 Rim area .....................................................................................................................................................................................................29

11 Mechanical characteristics .....................................................................................................................................................................29

11.1 Mass ...............................................................................................................................................................................................................29

11.2 Moment of inertia ..............................................................................................................................................................................29

11.3 Dynamic imbalance ..........................................................................................................................................................................29

11.4 Axial runout ............................................................................................................................................................................................29

11.4.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................29

11.4.2 Residual axial tracking error for 1x measurement velocity ....................................................30

11.4.3 Residual axial tracking error for 2x measurement velocity ....................................................30

11.5 Radial runout .........................................................................................................................................................................................30

11.5.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................30

11.5.2 Residual radial tracking error for 1x measurement velocity..................................................31

11.5.3 Residual radial tracking error for 2x measurement velocity..................................................31

11.6 Durability of cover layer ..............................................................................................................................................................31

11.6.1 Impact resistance of cover layer ......................................................................................................................31

11.6.2 Scratch resistance of cover layer .....................................................................................................................32

11.6.3 Repulsion of fingerprints by cover layer ..................................................................................................32

12 Optical characteristics in information area ..........................................................................................................................32

12.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................32

12.2 Refractive index of transmission stacks (TS) .............................................................................................................32

12.3 Thickness of transmission stacks (TS) ............................................................................................................................32

12.4 Example of target thickness of spacer layers for TL disks .............................................................................33

12.5 Reflectivity of recording layers ..............................................................................................................................................35

12.6 Birefringence .........................................................................................................................................................................................36

12.7 Angular deviation ..............................................................................................................................................................................36

13 Data format .............................................................................................................................................................................................................37

13.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................37

13.2 Data frame ................................................................................................................................................................................................40

13.3 Error­detection code (EDC) ......................................................................................................................................................40

13.4 Scrambled data frame ....................................................................................................................................................................40

13.5 Data block .................................................................................................................................................................................................41

13.6 LDC block ..................................................................................................................................................................................................42

13.7 LDC code words ...................................................................................................................................................................................43

13.8 LDC cluster ..............................................................................................................................................................................................44

13.8.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................44

13.8.2 First interleaving step ..............................................................................................................................................44

13.8.3 Second interleaving step ........................................................................................................................................44

13.9 Addressing and control data ....................................................................................................................................................46

13.9.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................46

13.9.2 Address units ...................................................................................................................................................................46

13.9.3 User control data ..........................................................................................................................................................50

13.9.4 Byte/Bit assignment for user control data .............................................................................................51

13.10 Access block ............................................................................................................................................................................................53

13.11 BIS block ....................................................................................................................................................................................................53

13.12 BIS code words .....................................................................................................................................................................................54

13.13 BIS cluster ................................................................................................................................................................................................55

13.14 ECC cluster ...............................................................................................................................................................................................58

13.15 Recording frames ...............................................................................................................................................................................59

13.16 Physical cluster ....................................................................................................................................................................................60

13.17 17PP modulation for recordable data ..............................................................................................................................60

13.17.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................60

13.17.2 Bit conversion rules ...................................................................................................................................................60

13.17.3 dc­control procedure ................................................................................................................................................61

13.17.4 Frame sync .........................................................................................................................................................................61

iv © ISO/IEC 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
ISO/IEC FDIS 30193:2021(E)

13.18 Modulation and NRZI conversion ........................................................................................................................................63

14 Physical data allocating and linking..............................................................................................................................................63

14.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................63

14.2 Recording­unit block (RUB) .....................................................................................................................................................64

14.2.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................64

14.2.2 Data run­in .........................................................................................................................................................................64

14.2.3 Data run­out ...................................................................... ................................................................................................65

14.2.4 Guard_3 field .................. .................................................... ...............................................................................................66

14.3 Locating data relative to wobble addresses ................................................................................................................67

14.3.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................67

14.3.2 Start position shift (SPS) ........................................................................................................................................67

15 Track format ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................68

15.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................68

15.2 Track shape .............................................................................................................................................................................................69

15.2.1 Groove geometry ..........................................................................................................................................................70

15.3 Track path ................................................................................................................................................................................................70

15.4 Track pitch ...............................................................................................................................................................................................71

15.4.1 Track pitch in BCA zone ..........................................................................................................................................71

15.4.2 Track pitch in embossed HFM areas ............................................................................................................71

15.4.3 Track pitch in rewritable areas ........................................................................................................................71

15.4.4 Track pitch between embossed HFM area and rewritable area ..........................................71

15.5 Track layout of HFM grooves ...................................................................................................................................................71

15.5.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................71

15.5.2 Data format ........................................................................................................................................................................72

15.5.3 Addressing and control data ...............................................................................................................................73

15.5.4 Recording frames .........................................................................................................................................................77

15.6 Track layout of wobbled grooves .........................................................................................................................................79

15.6.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................79

15.6.2 Modulation of wobbles ............................................................................................................................................79

15.6.3 Wobble polarity .............................................................................................................................................................81

15.7 ADIP information ...............................................................................................................................................................................81

15.7.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................81

15.7.2 ADIP unit types...............................................................................................................................................................81

15.7.3 ADIP word structure ..................................................................................................................................................82

15.7.4 ADIP data structure ....................................................................................................................................................83

15.7.5 ADIP error correction ...............................................................................................................................................86

15.8 Disk information (DI) in ADIP aux frame ......................................................................................................................88

15.8.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................88

15.8.2 Error protection for disk-information (DI) aux frames ...............................................................89

15.8.3 Disk­Information (DI) data structure .........................................................................................................90

16 General description of information zone.............................................................................................................................141

16.1 General ....................................................................................................................................................................................................

...

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