Information technology -- Unique identifiers

Unique identification can occur at many different levels in the supply chain, at the transport unit, at the item level, and elsewhere. Such distinct entities are often handled by several parties - the sender, the receiver, one or more carriers, customs authorities, etc. Each of these parties must be able to identify and trace the item so that reference can be made to associated information such as configuration, maintenance history, address, order number, contents of the item, weight, sender, batch or lot number, etc. The information is often held on computer systems, and may be exchanged between parties involved via EDI (Electronic Data Interchange) and XML (eXtensible Markup Language) messages. There are considerable benefits if the identity of the item is represented in bar code format, or other AIDC (Automatic Identification and Data Capture) media and attached to or made a constituent part of that which is being uniquely identified so that it can be read electronically, thus minimising errors; one identity can be used by all parties; each party can use the identity to look up its computer files to find the data associated with the item; the identifier is unique within the class and cannot appear on any other item of the class during the lifetime of the item. ISO/IEC 15459-3:2006 specifies the common rules that apply for unique identifiers for item management that are required to ensure full compatibility across classes of unique identifiers.

Technologies de l'information -- Identificateurs uniques

General Information

Status
Replaced
Publication Date
05-Mar-2006
Withdrawal Date
05-Mar-2006
Current Stage
6060 - International Standard published
Start Date
09-Feb-2006
Completion Date
06-Mar-2006
Ref Project

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ISO/IEC 15459-3:2006 - Information technology -- Unique identifiers
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INTERNATIONAL ISO/IEC
STANDARD 15459-3
First edition
2006-03-01
Information technology — Unique
identifiers —
Part 3:
Common rules for unique identifiers
Technologies de l'information — Identificateurs uniques —
Partie 3: Règles communes pour les identificateurs uniques
Reference number
ISO/IEC 15459-3:2006(E)
ISO/IEC 2006
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO/IEC 15459-3:2006(E)
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© ISO/IEC 2006

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ii © ISO/IEC 2006 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO/IEC 15459-3:2006(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) and IEC (the International Electrotechnical

Commission) form the specialized system for worldwide standardization. National bodies that are members of

ISO or IEC participate in the development of International Standards through technical committees

established by the respective organization to deal with particular fields of technical activity. ISO and IEC

technical committees collaborate in fields of mutual interest. Other international organizations, governmental

and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO and IEC, also take part in the work. In the field of information

technology, ISO and IEC have established a joint technical committee, ISO/IEC JTC 1.

International Standards are drafted in accordance with the rules given in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.

The main task of the joint technical committee is to prepare International Standards. Draft International

Standards adopted by the joint technical committee are circulated to national bodies for voting. Publication as

an International Standard requires approval by at least 75 % of the national bodies casting a vote.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. ISO and IEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

ISO/IEC 15459-3 was prepared by Joint Technical Committee ISO/IEC JTC 1, Information technology,

Subcommittee SC 31, Automatic identification and data capture techniques.

Because the scope of ISO/IEC 15459 has been expanded beyond transport units, the term “license plate” in

the first edition of ISO/IEC 15459 has been replaced by “unique identifier” in the second edition.

ISO/IEC 15459 consists of the following parts, under the general title Information technology — Unique

identifiers:
⎯ Part 1: Unique identifiers for transport units
⎯ Part 2: Registration procedures
⎯ Part 3: Common rules for unique identifiers
⎯ Part 4: Unique identifiers for supply chain management
© ISO/IEC 2006 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO/IEC 15459-3:2006(E)
Introduction

Unique identification can occur at many different levels in the supply chain, at the transport unit, at the item

level, and elsewhere. Such distinct entities are often handled by several parties: the sender, the receiver, one

or more carriers, customs authorities, etc. Each of these parties must be able to identify and trace the item so

that reference can be made to associated information such as configuration, maintenance history, address,

order number, contents of the item, weight, sender, batch or lot number, etc.

The information is often held on computer systems, and may be exchanged between parties involved via EDI

(Electronic Data Interchange) and XML (eXtensible Markup Language) messages.

There are considerable benefits if the identity of the item is represented in bar code format, or other AIDC

(Automatic Identification and Data Capture) media and attached to or made a constituent part of that which is

being uniquely identified so that
⎯ it can be read electronically, thus minimising errors;
⎯ one identity can be used by all parties;

⎯ each party can use the identity to look up its computer files to find the data associated with the item;

⎯ the identifier is unique within the class and cannot appear on any other item of the class during the

lifetime of the item.

The common rules for unique identifiers for item management are defined in this part of ISO/IEC 15459.

iv © ISO/IEC 2006 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO/IEC 15459-3:2006(E)
Information technology — Unique identifiers —
Part 3:
Common rules for unique identifiers
1 Scope

This part of ISO/IEC 15459 specifies the common rules that apply for unique identifiers for item management

that are required to ensure full compatibility across classes of unique identifiers.

2 Normative references
The following refere
...

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