Information and documentation — International standard serial number (ISSN)

ISO 3297:2007 defines and promotes the use of a standard code (ISSN) for the unique identification of serials and other continuing resources. Each International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) is a unique identifier for a specific serial or other continuing resource in a defined medium. ISO 3297:2007 also describes a mechanism, the “linking ISSN (ISSN-L),” that provides for collocation or linking among the different media versions of the same continuing resource. ISSN are applicable to serials and to other continuing resources, whether past, present or to be published or produced in the foreseeable future, whatever the medium of publication or production. Individual monographs, sound and video recordings, printed music publications, audiovisual works and musical works have their own numbering systems and are not specifically mentioned in ISO 3297:2007. Such items may carry an ISSN in addition to their own standard numbers when they are part of a continuing resource. More detailed operational guidance is provided in the ISSN Manual available from the Registration Authority for ISO 3297:2007.

Information et documentation — Numéro international normalisé des publications en série (ISSN)

L'ISO 3297:2007 définit et encourage l'emploi d'un code normalisé (ISSN), destiné à l'identification unique des publications en série et des autres ressources continues. Chaque Numéro international normalisé des publications en série (ISSN) est l'identifiant unique d'une publication en série ou d'une autre ressource continue sur un support déterminé. L'ISO 3297:2007 décrit aussi un mécanisme, l' «ISSN de liaison (ISSN-L)», qui permet de rassembler et de lier les versions sur des supports différents d'une même ressource continue. L'ISSN s'applique aux publications en série et aux autres ressources continues, qu'elles soient passées, présentes ou à paraître dans un avenir prévisible, quel que soit leur support de publication ou de production. Les monographies, les enregistrements sonores et visuels, les publications de musique imprimée, les œuvres audiovisuelles et les œuvres musicales ont leurs propres systèmes de numérotation et ne sont donc pas explicitement concernés par l'ISO 3297:2007. Ces documents peuvent porter un ISSN en complément de leurs propres numéros normalisés lorsqu'ils font partie d'une publication en série ou d'une ressource continue. Des recommandations plus détaillées sont fournies dans le manuel de l'ISSN, disponible auprès de l'autorité d'enregistrement de l'ISO 3297:2007.

Informatika in dokumentacija - Mednarodna standardna številka serijske publikacije (ISSN)

Ta mednarodni standard opredeljuje in spodbuja uporabo standardne kode (ISSN) za identifikacijsko oznako serij in drugih neprekinjenih virov. Vsaka mednarodna standardna številka serijske publikacije (ISSN) je edinstvena oznaka določene serije ali drugega neprekinjenega vira v opredeljenem mediju. Ta mednarodni standard prav tako opisuje mehanizem »veznega ISSN (ISSN-L)«, ki zagotavlja kolokacijo ali povezovanje med različnimi različicami medijev istega neprekinjenega vira. ISSN veljajo za serije in druge neprekinjene vire bodisi v preteklosti, sedanjosti ali bodo objavljeni ali ustvarjeni v predvidljivi prihodnosti, ne glede na to ali gre za medij objave ali produkcije. Posamične monografije, zvočni in videoposnetki, natisnjene glasbene publikacije, avdiovizualna dela in glasbena dela imajo svoj lastni sistem številčenja in niso posebej omenjeni v tem mednarodnem standardu. Taki predmeti imajo lahko ISSN poleg svojih lastnih standardnih številk, kadar so del neprekinjenega vira. Podrobnejše operativno vodilo je določeno v Priročniku ISS, ki je na voljo pri registracijskem organu tega mednarodnega standarda (glej klavzulo 11).

General Information

Status
Withdrawn
Publication Date
15-Aug-2007
Withdrawal Date
15-Aug-2007
Current Stage
9599 - Withdrawal of International Standard
Start Date
25-Oct-2017
Completion Date
25-Oct-2017

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INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 3297
Fourth edition
2007-09-01
Information and documentation —
International standard serial number
(ISSN)
Information et documentation — Numéro international normalisé des
publications en série (ISSN)
Reference number
ISO 3297:2007(E)
ISO 2007
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO 3297:2007(E)
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© ISO 2007

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means,

electronic or mechanical, including photocopying and microfilm, without permission in writing from either ISO at the address below or

ISO's member body in the country of the requester.
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Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2007 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO 3297:2007(E)
Contents Page

Foreword............................................................................................................................................................ iv

Introduction ........................................................................................................................................................ v

1 Scope ..................................................................................................................................................... 1

2 Terms and definitions........................................................................................................................... 1

3 Construction of ISSN............................................................................................................................ 3

4 Assignment of ISSN.............................................................................................................................. 3

5 Establishment of the key title .............................................................................................................. 3

6 Linking ISSN (ISSN-L)........................................................................................................................... 4

7 Printing and display of ISSN................................................................................................................ 4

7.1 General................................................................................................................................................... 4

7.2 Display of ISSN on printed continuing resources............................................................................. 4

7.3 Display of ISSN on electronic continuing resources and on other non-print media..................... 5

8 Metadata ................................................................................................................................................ 5

8.1 ISSN metadata....................................................................................................................................... 5

8.2 Metadata required for ISSN assignment............................................................................................. 5

9 Copyright ............................................................................................................................................... 5

10 Fees........................................................................................................................................................ 5

11 Administration of the ISSN system..................................................................................................... 5

Annex A (normative) Check digit for ISSN ...................................................................................................... 6

Annex B (normative) Metadata ......................................................................................................................... 7

Annex C (normative) Linking ISSN (ISSN-L).................................................................................................... 9

Annex D (normative) Roles and responsibilities of the ISSN centres ........................................................ 10

Annex E (informative) Use of ISSN and linking ISSN (ISSN-L) with other identification and linking

systems................................................................................................................................................ 12

Bibliography ..................................................................................................................................................... 19

© ISO 2007 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO 3297:2007(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards bodies

(ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out through ISO

technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical committee has been

established has the right to be represented on that committee. International organizations, governmental and

non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work. ISO collaborates closely with the

International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of electrotechnical standardization.

International Standards are drafted in accordance with the rules given in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.

The main task of technical committees is to prepare International Standards. Draft International Standards

adopted by the technical committees are circulated to the member bodies for voting. Publication as an

International Standard requires approval by at least 75 % of the member bodies casting a vote.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

ISO 3297 was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 46, Information and documentation, Subcommittee

SC 9, Identification and description.

This fourth edition cancels and replaces the third edition (ISO 3297:1998), of which the entire text has been

reorganized and rewritten. This edition clarifies and confirms that different media versions of a continuing

resource are assigned different ISSN. In recognition of the increasing need in the digital environment to

collocate as well as differentiate media versions, this edition of this International Standard introduces a

functionality, the “linking ISSN” (ISSN-L), for the purpose of supporting services that offer search and delivery

functionality across all media versions.
iv © ISO 2007 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
ISO 3297:2007(E)
Introduction

The need for a brief, unique and unambiguous identification code for serials and other continuing resources is

internationally recognized. The exchange of information among libraries, abstracting services and other

content users; suppliers, distributors and other intermediaries; and publishers and other content producers

imposes the requirement for a standard code. Communication between the different organizations transcends

national boundaries and therefore requires an international code which is numeric, since no single alphabet is

used by the majority of producers and users of serials. In response to these requirements, the International

Standard Serial Number (ISSN) was established as the identification code for serials.

The International Serials Data System (ISDS) was established as an inter-governmental organization within

the framework of the UNESCO/UNISIST program to be the designated authority for controlling the assignment

of ISSN. In 1993, the ISDS became the ISSN Network.

The first three editions of this International Standard pertained only to serials. However, in 2002 a new

category of resources, “continuing resources”, was defined by the library community to encompass new kinds

of resources, such as updating databases, as well as traditional serials. Thus the scope of this fourth edition

has been broadened to cover serials and other continuing resources.
© ISO 2007 – All rights reserved v
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 3297:2007(E)
Information and documentation — International standard serial
number (ISSN)
1 Scope

This International Standard defines and promotes the use of a standard code (ISSN) for the unique

identification of serials and other continuing resources.

Each International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) is a unique identifier for a specific serial or other continuing

resource in a defined medium. This International Standard also describes a mechanism, the “linking ISSN

(ISSN-L),” that provides for collocation or linking among the different media versions of the same continuing

resource.

ISSN are applicable to serials and to other continuing resources, whether past, present or to be published or

produced in the foreseeable future, whatever the medium of publication or production.

Individual monographs, sound and video recordings, printed music publications, audiovisual works and

musical works have their own numbering systems and are not specifically mentioned in this International

Standard. Such items may carry an ISSN in addition to their own standard numbers when they are part of a

continuing resource.

More detailed operational guidance is provided in the ISSN Manual available from the Registration Authority

for this International Standard (see Clause 11).
2 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.
2.1
continuing resource

publication, in any medium, that is issued over time with no predetermined conclusion and made available to

the public

NOTE 1 Such a publication is usually issued in successive or integrating issues which generally have numerical and/or

chronological designations.

NOTE 2 Continuing resources include serials such as newspapers, periodicals, journals, magazines, etc., and ongoing

integrating resources such as loose-leaf publications that are continually updated and Web sites that are continually

updated.
NOTE 3 The French term is ressource continue.
2.2
serial

continuing resource issued in a succession of discrete issues or parts, usually bearing numbering, that has no

predetermined conclusion

EXAMPLE Journals, magazines, electronic journals, ongoing directories, annual reports, newspapers, monographic

series, and also those journals, magazines and newsletters of limited duration that otherwise bear all the characteristics of

serials (e.g. newsletter of an event).
NOTE The French term is publication en série.
© ISO 2007 – All rights reserved 1
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
ISO 3297:2007(E)
2.3
ongoing integrating resource

continuing resource that is added to or changed by means of updates that do not remain discrete and are

integrated into the whole

EXAMPLES Databases, Web sites and loose-leafs that are updated over time with no predetermined conclusion.

NOTE The French term is ressource intégratrice permanente.
2.4
ISSN
International Standard Serial Number

eight digit number, including a check digit and preceded by the alphabetic prefix ISSN, assigned to a

continuing resource by the ISSN Network

NOTE The French term is ISSN, Numéro international normalisé des publications en série.

2.5
ISSN Network

collective entity comprised of the ISSN International Centre and the ISSN national and regional centres, for

the purpose of administering the assignment of ISSN
NOTE The French term is Réseau de l'ISSN.
2.6
key title

unique name for a continuing resource, established by the ISSN Network and inseparably linked with its ISSN

NOTE 1 The key title can be the same as the title of the resource; or, in order to achieve uniqueness, it can be

constructed by the addition of identifying and/or qualifying elements such as name of issuing body, place of publication,

edition statement, etc.
NOTE 2 The French term is titre clé.
2.7
ISSN metadata

descriptive data recorded as part of the ISSN assignment process that provides elements by which the

resource is identified and distinguished from other resources
NOTE The French term is métadonnées de l'ISSN.
2.8
ISSN Register

official registration database of the ISSN Network containing metadata records for the ISSN assigned to

continuing resources
NOTE The French term is Registre de l'ISSN.
2.9
ISSN-L
Linking ISSN

ISSN designated by the ISSN Network to enable collocation or linking among the different media versions of a

continuing resource
NOTE The French term is ISSN de liaison.
2 © ISO 2007 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
ISO 3297:2007(E)
3 Construction of ISSN

An ISSN shall consist of eight digits, using Arabic numerals 0 to 9, except for the last digit (extreme right,

low-order position) which can also use the upper case letter X. The last digit shall be the check digit. The

check digit shall be calculated on a modulus 11 basis with weights 8 to 2, using X in lieu of 10 where 10 would

occur as a check digit. See Annex A for further details.

Since ISSN are likely to be used in the same context as codes designed for other purposes, such as the

International Standard Book Number (ISBN) or local control numbers, the written or printed presentation of

ISSN shall clearly distinguish ISSN from other numbering systems. Therefore, an ISSN shall be preceded by

the prefix ISSN and a space, and shall appear as two groups of four digits separated by a hyphen.

EXAMPLES
ISSN 0251-1479
ISSN 1050-124X
4 Assignment of ISSN
4.1 An ISSN shall be assigned only by a centre of the ISSN Network.

4.2 Required metadata about the continuing resource to which an ISSN is assigned shall be collected and

submitted within the timeframe established by the ISSN International Centre to the ISSN Register by the

centre of the ISSN Network that registered the continuing resource. See Annex B for further details.

4.3 Each distinct continuing resource in a particular medium as defined in the ISSN Manual shall be

assigned only one ISSN.

4.4 Each ISSN shall be permanently linked to the key title established by the ISSN Network at the time of

registration.

4.5 When a continuing resource is published in different media, with the same title or not, different ISSN

and key titles shall be assigned to the different editions.

4.6 In cases where the continuing resource undergoes a major change in title or other major change as

defined in the ISSN Manual, a new ISSN shall be assigned and a corresponding new key title shall be

established.

4.7 Once an ISSN has been assigned to a continuing resource, it shall not be altered, replaced or reused

for another publication.

4.8 The assignment of an ISSN to a continuing resource shall not imply any meaning or legal evidence with

regard to the ownership of rights to that publication or its contents.
5 Establishment of the key title

The key title is established or authenticated by the ISSN centre responsible for the registration of the

continuing resource, in accordance with the rules given in the ISSN Manual.

The key title is derived from information appearing at the time of registration on the title page of resources

having a title page or title page equivalent, or from the most complete information formally presented on

resources lacking a title page. The title of the resource becomes the key title if this title is unique in the ISSN

Register at the time of registration. If this title is not unique, the key title is the title of the resource, to which a

qualifying term is added (such as name of issuing body, place and/or date of publication, edition statement or

medium statement), in order to make the resulting key title unique.
© ISO 2007 – All rights reserved 3
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
ISO 3297:2007(E)

All key titles are listed in the ISSN Register together with their ISSN. Key titles in non-roman alphabets shall

be romanized according to ISO standards or, in the absence of ISO standards, national standards.

6 Linking ISSN (ISSN-L)

To enable the use of ISSN in cases where finding or linking to a continuing resource without regard to medium

is desired, the ISSN Network shall designate a linking ISSN.

The linking ISSN shall be designated from among the ISSN assigned to the different media versions of a

continuing resource. Further specifications regarding the linking ISSN are given in Annex C.

7 Printing and display of ISSN
7.1 General

The ISSN shall be presented as two groups of four digits separated by a hyphen and shall always be

preceded by the prefix ISSN and a space (see also Clause 3).

The ISSN shall be displayed in a prominent position on or in the first issue and on or in each subsequent issue

of serials; or on or in each iteration of ongoing integrating resources.

If a resource bears an ISSN as well as another standard number, such as an ISBN for a volume of a series,

the two numbers shall appear together and each number shall be identified by its own prefix: “ISSN” and

“ISBN” or another appropriate prefix.

When a single continuing resource bears more than one ISSN in relation to different continuing resource titles,

for example the titles of a main series and its subseries, each ISSN shall appear on the continuing resource

and each shall be distinguished by either adding the full or abbreviated title in parentheses after the relevant

number, or by printing each ISSN as close as possible to the relevant title.

When a continuing resource contains another continuing resource as an insert with a separate title page, the

ISSN for the insert shall be printed on its title page, or in some other appropriate place on the insert.

When serials or other continuing resources are produced in different media for which different ISSN and key

titles are assigned, the related ISSN may also be displayed on or in the serials or other continuing resources,

each with additional, distinguishing information.
EXAMPLES:
ISSN 1562-6865 (Online)
ISSN 1063-7710 (Print)
Online version: ISSN 1562-6865
Print version: ISSN 1063-7710
NOTE For printing and display of ISSN-L, see Annex C.
7.2 Display of ISSN on printed continuing resources

The ISSN shall be printed in a prominent position on each printed issue of a continuing resource in the

following order of preference: front cover, title page, caption, masthead, back cover, colophon or editorial

pages.
4 © ISO 2007 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
ISO 3297:2007(E)

The ISSN shall, whenever possible, appear in the top right-hand corner of the front cover. In the case of tête-

bêche publications (i.e. when two resources, each with its own ISSN, are bound together in inverted relation to

each other), the ISSN pertaining to each resource should be printed in the preferred location (cover, etc., as

above) on each resource.

7.3 Display of ISSN on electronic continuing resources and on other non-print media

On a continuing resource published in an electronic medium (e.g. online continuing resource, CD-ROM), the

ISSN shall appear on the title screen or, in the absence of a title screen, on the main menu, and, if applicable,

on any labels permanently affixed to the publication. If it is not possible to display the ISSN on the item or its

label, the ISSN shall be displayed on the container.

For online continuing resources using embedded metadata element sets, the ISSN shall be included in the

“Identifier” or equivalent element of such metadata.

On a continuing resource published on microfiche, the ISSN shall be entered in the identification area of the

header of the microfiche and/or the labels.
8 Metadata
8.1 ISSN metadata

The ISSN records in the ISSN Register contain a common core set of descriptive metadata that is maintained

by the ISSN centres (see Annex B).

The list of metadata elements may be augmented with additional elements if needed for national, regional or

international purposes.
8.2 Metadata required for ISSN assignment

Metadata is required, in addition to copies of or access to continuing resources, for the assignment of ISSN

(see Annex B).
9 Copyright

No copyright shall subsist in the assignment of ISSN or in its use in association with, or in place of, the

resources they represent.
10 Fees
ISSN are assigned free of charge.
11 Administration of the ISSN system

The Registration Authority for this International Standard shall be the ISSN International Centre . The ISSN

Network shall be supervised, coordinated and administered by the ISSN International Centre.

The principal tasks of the ISSN International Centre and of ISSN national and regional centres are specified in

Annex D.

1) ISSN International Centre, 20, rue Bachaumont, 75002 Paris, France. Telephone: (+33 1) 44 88 22 20.

Fax: (+33 1) 40 26 32 43. E-mail: issnic@issn.org. Web site: http://www.issn.org.

© ISO 2007 – All rights reserved 5
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
ISO 3297:2007(E)
Annex A
(normative)
Check digit for ISSN

The check digit helps guard against errors resulting from improper data transcription. The check digit is

particularly effective in detecting transposition errors. The check digit used in the ISSN is calculated on a

Modulus 11 basis using weights 8 to 2, as indicated in Table A.1.
Table A.1 — Procedure for calculating the ISSN check digit
Procedure Example
Step 1 Take the first seven digits of the ISSN (the check 0 3 1 7 8 4 7
digit is the eighth and last digit).
Step 2 Associate the following constant weighting factors 8 7 6 5 4 3 2
(8 to 2) to each digit.
Step 3 Apply each constant weighting factor by multiplying 0 3 1 7 8 4 7
each digit by its associated weighting factor
× 8 7 6 5 4 3 2
(e.g. 0 × 8; 3 × 7; 1 × 6; etc.).
= 0 21 6 35 32 12 14

Step 4 Sum the products of these multiplications. 0 + 21 + 6 + 35 + 32 + 12 + 14 = 120

Step 5 Divide this sum by the modulus 11 to find the
120 ÷ 11 = 10 and a remainder of 10
remainder.
Step 6 Subtract the remainder from 11 to generate the
required check digit.

If the check digit is 10, generate a check digit of X. 11 − 10 = 1 Check digit = 1

If there is no remainder, generate a check digit of 0
(zero).
Step 7 Place the check digit at the end of the first seven
digits to create the eight-digit International Standard ISSN 0317-8471
Serial Number (ISSN).
6 © ISO 2007 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
ISO 3297:2007(E)
Annex B
(normative)
Metadata
B.1 General

B.1.1 ISSN centres shall supply the ISSN Register with metadata about the resource to which the ISSN is

assigned. The metadata associated with each ISSN assignment shall be maintained by the ISSN centre.

B.1.2 The specifications concerning the type and format of this metadata shall be established by the ISSN

International Centre in cooperation with the individual ISSN centres and shall be published in the ISSN

Manual.
B.2 Metadata required for ISSN assignment

ISSN assignment and registration are based primarily on the first or earliest issue of serials or on the current

iteration of ongoing integrating resources. Copies or surrogates of the resources are required for ISSN

assignment in addition to the metadata shown in Table B.1.
Table B.1 —Metadata to be supplied by ISSN requestors
Data element
Title
Country of publication
Medium of publication
Language of publication
Publisher's name and location

Date(s) of publication (year of the first issue and, if applicable, year of the final issue)

Publication status (e.g. currently published, discontinued, unknown)
Frequency
The following elements should be supplied if applicable and available:
Electronic location and access (i.e. URL for online resources)
Additional physical form title or ISSN
Preceding title or ISSN
Succeeding title or ISSN
Supplement parent title or ISSN
Supplement/special issue title or ISSN
Main series title or ISSN
Subseries title or ISSN
Nonspecific relationship title or ISSN
Other edition title or ISSN
Varying form of title
© ISO 2007 – All rights reserved 7
---------------------- Page: 12 ----------------------
ISO 3297:2007(E)
B.3 ISSN metadata

The ISSN metadata, established and maintained by the ISSN International Centre and national or regional

ISSN centres, shall include the applicable elements shown in Table B.2. The definition and application of the

data elements (mandatory and optional) are described in the ISSN Manual.
Table B.2 — Metadata to be established and maintained by ISSN centres
Data element
ISSN
ISSN-L
Key title
Country of publication
Medium of publication
Language of publication
Publisher's name and location
ISSN centre code

Date(s) of publication (year of the first issue and, if applicable, year of the final issue)

Classification
Title proper
Name of issuing body
Electronic location and access
Additional physical form title and ISSN
Preceding title and ISSN
Succeeding title and ISSN
Supplement parent title and ISSN
Supplement/special issue title and ISSN
Main series title and ISSN
Subseries title and ISSN
Nonspecific relationship title and ISSN
Other edition title and ISSN
Original language entry and ISSN
Abbreviated key title
Varying form of title
Publication status (e.g. currently published, discontinued, unknown)
Frequency
Type of continuing resource
Specific material designation
Script of original title
Coden and other codes
Citation/references note
8 © ISO 2007 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 13 ----------------------
ISO 3297:2007(E)
Annex C
(normative)
Linking ISSN (ISSN-L)
C.1 A Linking ISSN shall be designated only by a centre of the ISSN Network.

C.2 The first ISSN assigned, in the ISSN Register, to any medium version of a continuing resource shall be

designated by default to function also as the linking ISSN and shall apply to all other media versions of that

resource identified in the ISSN Register.

C.3 The linking ISSN shall be included as a separate data element on each of the metadata records to

which it pertains in the ISSN Register. Each metadata record in the ISSN Register will therefore carry the

medium-specific ISSN assigned to the resource described in the record and the designated linking ISSN as

separate data elements.

C.4 A linking ISSN shall be designated for each continuing resource identified in the ISSN Register, even if

the continuing resource exists in only one medium.

C.5 Only one linking ISSN shall be designated regardless of how many different media versions of a

continuing resource exist.

C.6 When a continuing resource to which an ISSN has been assigned undergoes a major change and is

therefore assigned a new ISSN (major change in title or other major change as defined in the ISSN Manual),

the relevant linking ISSN shall be designated and recorded in the new metadata record that was created with

the new ISSN assignment.

C.7 When printed or otherwise displayed in applications involving collocation of all media versions of a

continuing resource, the linking ISSN shall be clearly distinguished as such by use of the label ISSN-L. In

such cases, the label ISSN-L shall be written in upper case and a space shall precede the 8 digits of the

linking ISSN.
EXAMPLE
ISSN-L 0251-1479

C.8 The linking ISSN can be used as a component in other global identifiers and mechanisms (see

examples in Annex E). In such cases, specific syntax requirements may apply for the display of the linking

ISSN within the syntax of such other identifiers or mechanisms.
© ISO 2007 – All rights reserved 9
---------------------- Page: 14 ----------------------
ISO 3297:2007(E)
Annex D
(normative)
Roles and responsibilities of the ISSN centres
D.1 General

The Registration Authority for this International Standard shall be the ISSN International Centre .

The ISSN system shall be composed of national and regional ISSN centres coordinated by the ISSN

International Centre. The international, national and regional ISSN centres are referred to collectively as the

ISSN Network and shall operate in accordance with the specifications outlined in D.2 and D.3.

D.2 ISSN International Centre

The ISSN International Centre shall perform the following functions and services:

a) establish agreements governing the creation and operations of ISSN national and regional centres with

the institutions hosting such centres, and revoke such a
...

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST ISO 3297:2011
01-februar-2011
1DGRPHãþD
SIST ISO 3297:2003
Informatika in dokumentacija - Mednarodna standardna številka serijske
publikacije (ISSN)
Information and documentation - International standard serial number (ISSN)

Information et documentation - Numéro international normalisé des publications en série

(ISSN)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: ISO 3297:2007
ICS:
01.140.20 Informacijske vede Information sciences
SIST ISO 3297:2011 en,fr

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST ISO 3297:2011
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SIST ISO 3297:2011
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 3297
Fourth edition
2007-09-01
Information and documentation —
International standard serial number
(ISSN)
Information et documentation — Numéro international normalisé des
publications en série (ISSN)
Reference number
ISO 3297:2007(E)
ISO 2007
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SIST ISO 3297:2011
ISO 3297:2007(E)
PDF disclaimer

This PDF file may contain embedded typefaces. In accordance with Adobe's licensing policy, this file may be printed or viewed but

shall not be edited unless the typefaces which are embedded are licensed to and installed on the computer performing the editing. In

downloading this file, parties accept therein the responsibility of not infringing Adobe's licensing policy. The ISO Central Secretariat

accepts no liability in this area.
Adobe is a trademark of Adobe Systems Incorporated.

Details of the software products used to create this PDF file can be found in the General Info relative to the file; the PDF-creation

parameters were optimized for printing. Every care has been taken to ensure that the file is suitable for use by ISO member bodies. In

the unlikely event that a problem relating to it is found, please inform the Central Secretariat at the address given below.

COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2007

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means,

electronic or mechanical, including photocopying and microfilm, without permission in writing from either ISO at the address below or

ISO's member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
Case postale 56 • CH-1211 Geneva 20
Tel. + 41 22 749 01 11
Fax + 41 22 749 09 47
E-mail copyright@iso.org
Web www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2007 – All rights reserved
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SIST ISO 3297:2011
ISO 3297:2007(E)
Contents Page

Foreword............................................................................................................................................................ iv

Introduction ........................................................................................................................................................ v

1 Scope ..................................................................................................................................................... 1

2 Terms and definitions........................................................................................................................... 1

3 Construction of ISSN............................................................................................................................ 3

4 Assignment of ISSN.............................................................................................................................. 3

5 Establishment of the key title .............................................................................................................. 3

6 Linking ISSN (ISSN-L)........................................................................................................................... 4

7 Printing and display of ISSN................................................................................................................ 4

7.1 General................................................................................................................................................... 4

7.2 Display of ISSN on printed continuing resources............................................................................. 4

7.3 Display of ISSN on electronic continuing resources and on other non-print media..................... 5

8 Metadata ................................................................................................................................................ 5

8.1 ISSN metadata....................................................................................................................................... 5

8.2 Metadata required for ISSN assignment............................................................................................. 5

9 Copyright ............................................................................................................................................... 5

10 Fees........................................................................................................................................................ 5

11 Administration of the ISSN system..................................................................................................... 5

Annex A (normative) Check digit for ISSN ...................................................................................................... 6

Annex B (normative) Metadata ......................................................................................................................... 7

Annex C (normative) Linking ISSN (ISSN-L).................................................................................................... 9

Annex D (normative) Roles and responsibilities of the ISSN centres ........................................................ 10

Annex E (informative) Use of ISSN and linking ISSN (ISSN-L) with other identification and linking

systems................................................................................................................................................ 12

Bibliography ..................................................................................................................................................... 19

© ISO 2007 – All rights reserved iii
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SIST ISO 3297:2011
ISO 3297:2007(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards bodies

(ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out through ISO

technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical committee has been

established has the right to be represented on that committee. International organizations, governmental and

non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work. ISO collaborates closely with the

International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of electrotechnical standardization.

International Standards are drafted in accordance with the rules given in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.

The main task of technical committees is to prepare International Standards. Draft International Standards

adopted by the technical committees are circulated to the member bodies for voting. Publication as an

International Standard requires approval by at least 75 % of the member bodies casting a vote.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

ISO 3297 was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 46, Information and documentation, Subcommittee

SC 9, Identification and description.

This fourth edition cancels and replaces the third edition (ISO 3297:1998), of which the entire text has been

reorganized and rewritten. This edition clarifies and confirms that different media versions of a continuing

resource are assigned different ISSN. In recognition of the increasing need in the digital environment to

collocate as well as differentiate media versions, this edition of this International Standard introduces a

functionality, the “linking ISSN” (ISSN-L), for the purpose of supporting services that offer search and delivery

functionality across all media versions.
iv © ISO 2007 – All rights reserved
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SIST ISO 3297:2011
ISO 3297:2007(E)
Introduction

The need for a brief, unique and unambiguous identification code for serials and other continuing resources is

internationally recognized. The exchange of information among libraries, abstracting services and other

content users; suppliers, distributors and other intermediaries; and publishers and other content producers

imposes the requirement for a standard code. Communication between the different organizations transcends

national boundaries and therefore requires an international code which is numeric, since no single alphabet is

used by the majority of producers and users of serials. In response to these requirements, the International

Standard Serial Number (ISSN) was established as the identification code for serials.

The International Serials Data System (ISDS) was established as an inter-governmental organization within

the framework of the UNESCO/UNISIST program to be the designated authority for controlling the assignment

of ISSN. In 1993, the ISDS became the ISSN Network.

The first three editions of this International Standard pertained only to serials. However, in 2002 a new

category of resources, “continuing resources”, was defined by the library community to encompass new kinds

of resources, such as updating databases, as well as traditional serials. Thus the scope of this fourth edition

has been broadened to cover serials and other continuing resources.
© ISO 2007 – All rights reserved v
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SIST ISO 3297:2011
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SIST ISO 3297:2011
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 3297:2007(E)
Information and documentation — International standard serial
number (ISSN)
1 Scope

This International Standard defines and promotes the use of a standard code (ISSN) for the unique

identification of serials and other continuing resources.

Each International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) is a unique identifier for a specific serial or other continuing

resource in a defined medium. This International Standard also describes a mechanism, the “linking ISSN

(ISSN-L),” that provides for collocation or linking among the different media versions of the same continuing

resource.

ISSN are applicable to serials and to other continuing resources, whether past, present or to be published or

produced in the foreseeable future, whatever the medium of publication or production.

Individual monographs, sound and video recordings, printed music publications, audiovisual works and

musical works have their own numbering systems and are not specifically mentioned in this International

Standard. Such items may carry an ISSN in addition to their own standard numbers when they are part of a

continuing resource.

More detailed operational guidance is provided in the ISSN Manual available from the Registration Authority

for this International Standard (see Clause 11).
2 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.
2.1
continuing resource

publication, in any medium, that is issued over time with no predetermined conclusion and made available to

the public

NOTE 1 Such a publication is usually issued in successive or integrating issues which generally have numerical and/or

chronological designations.

NOTE 2 Continuing resources include serials such as newspapers, periodicals, journals, magazines, etc., and ongoing

integrating resources such as loose-leaf publications that are continually updated and Web sites that are continually

updated.
NOTE 3 The French term is ressource continue.
2.2
serial

continuing resource issued in a succession of discrete issues or parts, usually bearing numbering, that has no

predetermined conclusion

EXAMPLE Journals, magazines, electronic journals, ongoing directories, annual reports, newspapers, monographic

series, and also those journals, magazines and newsletters of limited duration that otherwise bear all the characteristics of

serials (e.g. newsletter of an event).
NOTE The French term is publication en série.
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SIST ISO 3297:2011
ISO 3297:2007(E)
2.3
ongoing integrating resource

continuing resource that is added to or changed by means of updates that do not remain discrete and are

integrated into the whole

EXAMPLES Databases, Web sites and loose-leafs that are updated over time with no predetermined conclusion.

NOTE The French term is ressource intégratrice permanente.
2.4
ISSN
International Standard Serial Number

eight digit number, including a check digit and preceded by the alphabetic prefix ISSN, assigned to a

continuing resource by the ISSN Network

NOTE The French term is ISSN, Numéro international normalisé des publications en série.

2.5
ISSN Network

collective entity comprised of the ISSN International Centre and the ISSN national and regional centres, for

the purpose of administering the assignment of ISSN
NOTE The French term is Réseau de l'ISSN.
2.6
key title

unique name for a continuing resource, established by the ISSN Network and inseparably linked with its ISSN

NOTE 1 The key title can be the same as the title of the resource; or, in order to achieve uniqueness, it can be

constructed by the addition of identifying and/or qualifying elements such as name of issuing body, place of publication,

edition statement, etc.
NOTE 2 The French term is titre clé.
2.7
ISSN metadata

descriptive data recorded as part of the ISSN assignment process that provides elements by which the

resource is identified and distinguished from other resources
NOTE The French term is métadonnées de l'ISSN.
2.8
ISSN Register

official registration database of the ISSN Network containing metadata records for the ISSN assigned to

continuing resources
NOTE The French term is Registre de l'ISSN.
2.9
ISSN-L
Linking ISSN

ISSN designated by the ISSN Network to enable collocation or linking among the different media versions of a

continuing resource
NOTE The French term is ISSN de liaison.
2 © ISO 2007 – All rights reserved
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SIST ISO 3297:2011
ISO 3297:2007(E)
3 Construction of ISSN

An ISSN shall consist of eight digits, using Arabic numerals 0 to 9, except for the last digit (extreme right,

low-order position) which can also use the upper case letter X. The last digit shall be the check digit. The

check digit shall be calculated on a modulus 11 basis with weights 8 to 2, using X in lieu of 10 where 10 would

occur as a check digit. See Annex A for further details.

Since ISSN are likely to be used in the same context as codes designed for other purposes, such as the

International Standard Book Number (ISBN) or local control numbers, the written or printed presentation of

ISSN shall clearly distinguish ISSN from other numbering systems. Therefore, an ISSN shall be preceded by

the prefix ISSN and a space, and shall appear as two groups of four digits separated by a hyphen.

EXAMPLES
ISSN 0251-1479
ISSN 1050-124X
4 Assignment of ISSN
4.1 An ISSN shall be assigned only by a centre of the ISSN Network.

4.2 Required metadata about the continuing resource to which an ISSN is assigned shall be collected and

submitted within the timeframe established by the ISSN International Centre to the ISSN Register by the

centre of the ISSN Network that registered the continuing resource. See Annex B for further details.

4.3 Each distinct continuing resource in a particular medium as defined in the ISSN Manual shall be

assigned only one ISSN.

4.4 Each ISSN shall be permanently linked to the key title established by the ISSN Network at the time of

registration.

4.5 When a continuing resource is published in different media, with the same title or not, different ISSN

and key titles shall be assigned to the different editions.

4.6 In cases where the continuing resource undergoes a major change in title or other major change as

defined in the ISSN Manual, a new ISSN shall be assigned and a corresponding new key title shall be

established.

4.7 Once an ISSN has been assigned to a continuing resource, it shall not be altered, replaced or reused

for another publication.

4.8 The assignment of an ISSN to a continuing resource shall not imply any meaning or legal evidence with

regard to the ownership of rights to that publication or its contents.
5 Establishment of the key title

The key title is established or authenticated by the ISSN centre responsible for the registration of the

continuing resource, in accordance with the rules given in the ISSN Manual.

The key title is derived from information appearing at the time of registration on the title page of resources

having a title page or title page equivalent, or from the most complete information formally presented on

resources lacking a title page. The title of the resource becomes the key title if this title is unique in the ISSN

Register at the time of registration. If this title is not unique, the key title is the title of the resource, to which a

qualifying term is added (such as name of issuing body, place and/or date of publication, edition statement or

medium statement), in order to make the resulting key title unique.
© ISO 2007 – All rights reserved 3
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SIST ISO 3297:2011
ISO 3297:2007(E)

All key titles are listed in the ISSN Register together with their ISSN. Key titles in non-roman alphabets shall

be romanized according to ISO standards or, in the absence of ISO standards, national standards.

6 Linking ISSN (ISSN-L)

To enable the use of ISSN in cases where finding or linking to a continuing resource without regard to medium

is desired, the ISSN Network shall designate a linking ISSN.

The linking ISSN shall be designated from among the ISSN assigned to the different media versions of a

continuing resource. Further specifications regarding the linking ISSN are given in Annex C.

7 Printing and display of ISSN
7.1 General

The ISSN shall be presented as two groups of four digits separated by a hyphen and shall always be

preceded by the prefix ISSN and a space (see also Clause 3).

The ISSN shall be displayed in a prominent position on or in the first issue and on or in each subsequent issue

of serials; or on or in each iteration of ongoing integrating resources.

If a resource bears an ISSN as well as another standard number, such as an ISBN for a volume of a series,

the two numbers shall appear together and each number shall be identified by its own prefix: “ISSN” and

“ISBN” or another appropriate prefix.

When a single continuing resource bears more than one ISSN in relation to different continuing resource titles,

for example the titles of a main series and its subseries, each ISSN shall appear on the continuing resource

and each shall be distinguished by either adding the full or abbreviated title in parentheses after the relevant

number, or by printing each ISSN as close as possible to the relevant title.

When a continuing resource contains another continuing resource as an insert with a separate title page, the

ISSN for the insert shall be printed on its title page, or in some other appropriate place on the insert.

When serials or other continuing resources are produced in different media for which different ISSN and key

titles are assigned, the related ISSN may also be displayed on or in the serials or other continuing resources,

each with additional, distinguishing information.
EXAMPLES:
ISSN 1562-6865 (Online)
ISSN 1063-7710 (Print)
Online version: ISSN 1562-6865
Print version: ISSN 1063-7710
NOTE For printing and display of ISSN-L, see Annex C.
7.2 Display of ISSN on printed continuing resources

The ISSN shall be printed in a prominent position on each printed issue of a continuing resource in the

following order of preference: front cover, title page, caption, masthead, back cover, colophon or editorial

pages.
4 © ISO 2007 – All rights reserved
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SIST ISO 3297:2011
ISO 3297:2007(E)

The ISSN shall, whenever possible, appear in the top right-hand corner of the front cover. In the case of tête-

bêche publications (i.e. when two resources, each with its own ISSN, are bound together in inverted relation to

each other), the ISSN pertaining to each resource should be printed in the preferred location (cover, etc., as

above) on each resource.

7.3 Display of ISSN on electronic continuing resources and on other non-print media

On a continuing resource published in an electronic medium (e.g. online continuing resource, CD-ROM), the

ISSN shall appear on the title screen or, in the absence of a title screen, on the main menu, and, if applicable,

on any labels permanently affixed to the publication. If it is not possible to display the ISSN on the item or its

label, the ISSN shall be displayed on the container.

For online continuing resources using embedded metadata element sets, the ISSN shall be included in the

“Identifier” or equivalent element of such metadata.

On a continuing resource published on microfiche, the ISSN shall be entered in the identification area of the

header of the microfiche and/or the labels.
8 Metadata
8.1 ISSN metadata

The ISSN records in the ISSN Register contain a common core set of descriptive metadata that is maintained

by the ISSN centres (see Annex B).

The list of metadata elements may be augmented with additional elements if needed for national, regional or

international purposes.
8.2 Metadata required for ISSN assignment

Metadata is required, in addition to copies of or access to continuing resources, for the assignment of ISSN

(see Annex B).
9 Copyright

No copyright shall subsist in the assignment of ISSN or in its use in association with, or in place of, the

resources they represent.
10 Fees
ISSN are assigned free of charge.
11 Administration of the ISSN system

The Registration Authority for this International Standard shall be the ISSN International Centre . The ISSN

Network shall be supervised, coordinated and administered by the ISSN International Centre.

The principal tasks of the ISSN International Centre and of ISSN national and regional centres are specified in

Annex D.

1) ISSN International Centre, 20, rue Bachaumont, 75002 Paris, France. Telephone: (+33 1) 44 88 22 20.

Fax: (+33 1) 40 26 32 43. E-mail: issnic@issn.org. Web site: http://www.issn.org.

© ISO 2007 – All rights reserved 5
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SIST ISO 3297:2011
ISO 3297:2007(E)
Annex A
(normative)
Check digit for ISSN

The check digit helps guard against errors resulting from improper data transcription. The check digit is

particularly effective in detecting transposition errors. The check digit used in the ISSN is calculated on a

Modulus 11 basis using weights 8 to 2, as indicated in Table A.1.
Table A.1 — Procedure for calculating the ISSN check digit
Procedure Example
Step 1 Take the first seven digits of the ISSN (the check 0 3 1 7 8 4 7
digit is the eighth and last digit).
Step 2 Associate the following constant weighting factors 8 7 6 5 4 3 2
(8 to 2) to each digit.
Step 3 Apply each constant weighting factor by multiplying 0 3 1 7 8 4 7
each digit by its associated weighting factor
× 8 7 6 5 4 3 2
(e.g. 0 × 8; 3 × 7; 1 × 6; etc.).
= 0 21 6 35 32 12 14

Step 4 Sum the products of these multiplications. 0 + 21 + 6 + 35 + 32 + 12 + 14 = 120

Step 5 Divide this sum by the modulus 11 to find the
120 ÷ 11 = 10 and a remainder of 10
remainder.
Step 6 Subtract the remainder from 11 to generate the
required check digit.

If the check digit is 10, generate a check digit of X. 11 − 10 = 1 Check digit = 1

If there is no remainder, generate a check digit of 0
(zero).
Step 7 Place the check digit at the end of the first seven
digits to create the eight-digit International Standard ISSN 0317-8471
Serial Number (ISSN).
6 © ISO 2007 – All rights reserved
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SIST ISO 3297:2011
ISO 3297:2007(E)
Annex B
(normative)
Metadata
B.1 General

B.1.1 ISSN centres shall supply the ISSN Register with metadata about the resource to which the ISSN is

assigned. The metadata associated with each ISSN assignment shall be maintained by the ISSN centre.

B.1.2 The specifications concerning the type and format of this metadata shall be established by the ISSN

International Centre in cooperation with the individual ISSN centres and shall be published in the ISSN

Manual.
B.2 Metadata required for ISSN assignment

ISSN assignment and registration are based primarily on the first or earliest issue of serials or on the current

iteration of ongoing integrating resources. Copies or surrogates of the resources are required for ISSN

assignment in addition to the metadata shown in Table B.1.
Table B.1 —Metadata to be supplied by ISSN requestors
Data element
Title
Country of publication
Medium of publication
Language of publication
Publisher's name and location

Date(s) of publication (year of the first issue and, if applicable, year of the final issue)

Publication status (e.g. currently published, discontinued, unknown)
Frequency
The following elements should be supplied if applicable and available:
Electronic location and access (i.e. URL for online resources)
Additional physical form title or ISSN
Preceding title or ISSN
Succeeding title or ISSN
Supplement parent title or ISSN
Supplement/special issue title or ISSN
Main series title or ISSN
Subseries title or ISSN
Nonspecific relationship title or ISSN
Other edition title or ISSN
Varying form of title
© ISO 2007 – All rights reserved 7
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SIST ISO 3297:2011
ISO 3297:2007(E)
B.3 ISSN metadata

The ISSN metadata, established and maintained by the ISSN International Centre and national or regional

ISSN centres, shall include the applicable elements shown in Table B.2. The definition and application of the

data elements (mandatory and optional) are described in the ISSN Manual.
Table B.2 — Metadata to be established and maintained by ISSN centres
Data element
ISSN
ISSN-L
Key title
Country of publication
Medium of publication
Language of publication
Publisher's name and location
ISSN centre code

Date(s) of publication (year of the first issue and, if applicable, year of the final issue)

Classification
Title proper
Name of issuing body
Electronic location and access
Additional physical form title and ISSN
Preceding title and ISSN
Succeeding title and ISSN
Supplement parent title and ISSN
Supplement/special issue title and ISSN
Main series title and ISSN
Subseries title and ISSN
Nonspecific relationship title and ISSN
Other edition title and ISSN
Original language entry and ISSN
Abbreviated key title
Varying form of title
Publication status (e.g. currently published, discontinued, unknown)
Frequency
Type of continuing resource
Specific material designation
Script of original title
Coden and other codes
Citation/references note
8 © ISO 2007 – All rights reserved
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SIST ISO 3297:2011
ISO 3297:2007(E)
Annex C
(normative)
Linking ISSN (ISSN-L)
C.1 A Linking ISSN shall be designated only by a centre of the ISSN Network.

C.2 The first ISSN assigned, in the ISSN Register, to any medium version of a continuing resource shall be

designated by default to function also as the linking ISSN and shall apply to all other media versions of that

resource identified in the ISSN Register.

C.3 The linking ISSN shall be included as a separate data element on each of the metadata records to

which it pertains in the ISSN Register. Each metadata record in the ISSN Register will therefore carry the

medium-specific ISSN assigned to the resource described in the record and the designated linking ISSN as

separate data elements.

C.4 A linking ISSN shall be designated for each continuing resource identified in the ISSN Register, even if

the continuing resource exists in only one medium.

C.5 Only one linking ISSN shall be designated regardless of how many different media versions of a

continuing resource exist.

C.6 When a continuing resource to which an ISSN has been assigned undergoes a major change and is

therefore assigned a new ISSN (major change in title or other major change as defined in the ISSN Manual),

the relevant linking ISSN shall be designated and recorded in the new metadata record that was created with

the new ISSN assignment.

C.7 When printed or otherwise displayed in applications involving collocation of all media versions of a

continuing resource, the linking ISSN shall be clearly distinguished as such by use of the label ISSN-L. In

such cases, the label ISSN-L shall be written in upper case and a space shall precede the 8 digits of the

linking ISSN.
EXAMPLE
ISSN-L 0251-1479
C.8 The linking ISSN can be used as a component in
...

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Informatika in dokumentacija - Mednarodna standardna številka serijske publikacije (ISSN)Information et documentation - Numéro international normalisé des publications en série (ISSN)Information and documentation - International standard serial number

(ISSN)01.140.20Informacijske vedeInformation sciencesICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:ISO 3297:2007oSIST ISO 3297:2010en,fr01-november-2010oSIST ISO 3297:2010SLOVENSKI

STANDARD
oSIST ISO 3297:2010
Reference numberISO 3297:2007(E)© ISO 2007

INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO3297Fourth edition2007-09-01Information and documentation — International standard serial number (ISSN) Information et documentation — Numéro international normalisé des publications en série (ISSN)

oSIST ISO 3297:2010

ISO 3297:2007(E) PDF disclaimer This PDF file may contain embedded typefaces. In accordance with Adobe's licensing policy, this file may be printed or viewed but shall not be edited unless the typefaces which are embedded are licensed to and installed on the computer performing the editing. In downloading this file, parties accept therein the responsibility of not infringing Adobe's licensing policy. The ISO Central Secretariat accepts no liability in this area. Adobe is a trademark of Adobe Systems Incorporated. Details of the software products used to create this PDF file can be found in the General Info relative to the file; the PDF-creation parameters were optimized for printing. Every care has been taken to ensure that the file is suitable for use by ISO member bodies. In the unlikely event that a problem relating to it is found, please inform the Central Secretariat at the address given below.

COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT

ISO 2007 All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying and microfilm, without permission in writing from either ISO at the address below or ISO's member body in the country of the requester. ISO copyright office Case postale 56 • CH-1211 Geneva 20 Tel.

+ 41 22 749 01 11 Fax
+ 41 22 749 09 47 E-mail
copyright@iso.org Web
www.iso.org Published in Switzerland
© ISO 2007 – All rights reserved
oSIST ISO 3297:2010
ISO 3297:2007(E) © ISO 2007 – All rights reserved

iiiContents Page Foreword............................................................................................................................................................iv Introduction........................................................................................................................................................v 1 Scope.....................................................................................................................................................1 2 Terms and definitions...........................................................................................................................1 3 Construction of ISSN............................................................................................................................3 4 Assignment of ISSN..............................................................................................................................3 5 Establishment of the key title..............................................................................................................3 6 Linking ISSN (ISSN-L)...........................................................................................................................4 7 Printing and display of ISSN................................................................................................................4 7.1 General...................................................................................................................................................4 7.2 Display of ISSN on printed continuing resources.............................................................................4 7.3 Display of ISSN on electronic continuing resources and on other non-print media.....................5 8 Metadata................................................................................................................................................5 8.1 ISSN metadata.......................................................................................................................................5 8.2 Metadata required for ISSN assignment.............................................................................................5 9 Copyright...............................................................................................................................................5 10 Fees........................................................................................................................................................5 11 Administration of the ISSN system.....................................................................................................5 Annex A (normative)

Check digit for ISSN......................................................................................................6 Annex B (normative)

Metadata.........................................................................................................................7 Annex C (normative)

Linking ISSN (ISSN-L)....................................................................................................9 Annex D (normative)

Roles and responsibilities of the ISSN centres........................................................10 Annex E (informative)

Use of ISSN and linking ISSN (ISSN-L) with other identification and linking systems................................................................................................................................................12 Bibliography.....................................................................................................................................................19

oSIST ISO 3297:2010
ISO 3297:2007(E) iv

© ISO 2007 – All rights reserved Foreword ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work. ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of electrotechnical standardization. International Standards are drafted in accordance with the rules given in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2. The main task of technical committees is to prepare International Standards. Draft International Standards adopted by the technical committees are circulated to the member bodies for voting. Publication as an International Standard requires approval by at least 75 % of the member bodies casting a vote. Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. ISO 3297 was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 46, Information and documentation, Subcommittee SC 9, Identification and description. This fourth edition cancels and replaces the third edition (ISO 3297:1998), of which the entire text has been reorganized and rewritten. This edition clarifies and confirms that different media versions of a continuing resource are assigned different ISSN. In recognition of the increasing need in the digital environment to collocate as well as differentiate media versions, this edition of this International Standard introduces a functionality, the “linking ISSN” (ISSN-L), for the purpose of supporting services that offer search and delivery functionality across all media versions. oSIST ISO 3297:2010

ISO 3297:2007(E) © ISO 2007 – All rights reserved

vIntroduction The need for a brief, unique and unambiguous identification code for serials and other continuing resources is internationally recognized. The exchange of information among libraries, abstracting services and other content users; suppliers, distributors and other intermediaries; and publishers and other content producers imposes the requirement for a standard code. Communication between the different organizations transcends national boundaries and therefore requires an international code which is numeric, since no single alphabet is used by the majority of producers and users of serials. In response to these requirements, the International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) was established as the identification code for serials. The International Serials Data System (ISDS) was established as an inter-governmental organization within the framework of the UNESCO/UNISIST program to be the designated authority for controlling the assignment of ISSN. In 1993, the ISDS became the ISSN Network. The first three editions of this International Standard pertained only to serials. However, in 2002 a new category of resources, “continuing resources”, was defined by the library community to encompass new kinds of resources, such as updating databases, as well as traditional serials. Thus the scope of this fourth edition has been broadened to cover serials and other continuing resources. oSIST ISO 3297:2010

oSIST ISO 3297:2010
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 3297:2007(E) © ISO 2007 – All rights reserved

1Information and documentation — International standard serial number (ISSN) 1 Scope This International Standard defines and promotes the use of a standard code (ISSN) for the unique identification of serials and other continuing resources. Each International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) is a unique identifier for a specific serial or other continuing resource in a defined medium. This International Standard also describes a mechanism, the “linking ISSN (ISSN-L),” that provides for collocation or linking among the different media versions of the same continuing resource. ISSN are applicable to serials and to other continuing resources, whether past, present or to be published or produced in the foreseeable future, whatever the medium of publication or production. Individual monographs, sound and video recordings, printed music publications, audiovisual works and musical works have their own numbering systems and are not specifically mentioned in this International Standard. Such items may carry an ISSN in addition to their own standard numbers when they are part of a continuing resource. More detailed operational guidance is provided in the ISSN Manual available from the Registration Authority for this International Standard (see Clause 11). 2 Terms and definitions For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply. 2.1 continuing resource publication, in any medium, that is issued over time with no predetermined conclusion and made available to the public NOTE 1 Such a publication is usually issued in successive or integrating issues which generally have numerical and/or chronological designations. NOTE 2 Continuing resources include serials such as newspapers, periodicals, journals, magazines, etc., and ongoing integrating resources such as loose-leaf publications that are continually updated and Web sites that are continually updated. NOTE 3 The French term is ressource continue. 2.2 serial continuing resource issued in a succession of discrete issues or parts, usually bearing numbering, that has no predetermined conclusion EXAMPLE Journals, magazines, electronic journals, ongoing directories, annual reports, newspapers, monographic series, and also those journals, magazines and newsletters of limited duration that otherwise bear all the characteristics of serials (e.g. newsletter of an event). NOTE The French term is publication en série. oSIST ISO 3297:2010

ISO 3297:2007(E) 2

© ISO 2007 – All rights reserved 2.3 ongoing integrating resource continuing resource that is added to or changed by means of updates that do not remain discrete and are integrated into the whole EXAMPLES Databases, Web sites and loose-leafs that are updated over time with no predetermined conclusion. NOTE The French term is ressource intégratrice permanente. 2.4 ISSN International Standard Serial Number eight digit number, including a check digit and preceded by the alphabetic prefix ISSN, assigned to a

continuing resource by the ISSN Network NOTE The French term is ISSN, Numéro international normalisé des publications en série. 2.5 ISSN Network collective entity comprised of the ISSN International Centre and the ISSN national and regional centres, for the purpose of administering the assignment of ISSN NOTE The French term is Réseau de l'ISSN. 2.6 key title unique name for a continuing resource, established by the ISSN Network and inseparably linked with its ISSN NOTE 1 The key title can be the same as the title of the resource; or, in order to achieve uniqueness, it can be constructed by the addition of identifying and/or qualifying elements such as name of issuing body, place of publication, edition statement, etc. NOTE 2 The French term is titre clé. 2.7 ISSN metadata descriptive data recorded as part of the ISSN assignment process that provides elements by which the resource is identified and distinguished from other resources NOTE The French term is métadonnées de l'ISSN. 2.8 ISSN Register official registration database of the ISSN Network containing metadata records for the ISSN assigned to continuing resources NOTE The French term is Registre de l'ISSN. 2.9 ISSN-L Linking ISSN ISSN designated by the ISSN Network to enable collocation or linking among the different media versions of a continuing resource NOTE The French term is ISSN de liaison. oSIST ISO 3297:2010

ISO 3297:2007(E) © ISO 2007 – All rights reserved

33 Construction of ISSN An ISSN shall consist of eight digits, using Arabic numerals 0 to 9, except for the last digit (extreme right, low-order position) which can also use the upper case letter X. The last digit shall be the check digit. The check digit shall be calculated on a modulus 11 basis with weights 8 to 2, using X in lieu of 10 where 10 would occur as a check digit. See Annex A for further details. Since ISSN are likely to be used in the same context as codes designed for other purposes, such as the International Standard Book Number (ISBN) or local control numbers, the written or printed presentation of ISSN shall clearly distinguish ISSN from other numbering systems. Therefore, an ISSN shall be preceded by the prefix ISSN and a space, and shall appear as two groups of four digits separated by a hyphen. EXAMPLES ISSN 0251-1479 ISSN 1050-124X 4 Assignment of ISSN 4.1 An ISSN shall be assigned only by a centre of the ISSN Network. 4.2 Required metadata about the continuing resource to which an ISSN is assigned shall be collected and submitted within the timeframe established by the ISSN International Centre to the ISSN Register by the centre of the ISSN Network that registered the continuing resource. See Annex B for further details. 4.3 Each distinct continuing resource in a particular medium as defined in the ISSN Manual shall be assigned only one ISSN. 4.4 Each ISSN shall be permanently linked to the key title established by the ISSN Network at the time of registration. 4.5 When a continuing resource is published in different media, with the same title or not, different ISSN and key titles shall be assigned to the different editions. 4.6 In cases where the continuing resource undergoes a major change in title or other major change as defined in the ISSN Manual, a new ISSN shall be assigned and a corresponding new key title shall be established. 4.7 Once an ISSN has been assigned to a continuing resource, it shall not be altered, replaced or reused for another publication. 4.8 The assignment of an ISSN to a continuing resource shall not imply any meaning or legal evidence with regard to the ownership of rights to that publication or its contents. 5 Establishment of the key title The key title is established or authenticated by the ISSN centre responsible for the registration of the continuing resource, in accordance with the rules given in the ISSN Manual. The key title is derived from information appearing at the time of registration on the title page of resources having a title page or title page equivalent, or from the most complete information formally presented on resources lacking a title page. The title of the resource becomes the key title if this title is unique in the ISSN Register at the time of registration. If this title is not unique, the key title is the title of the resource, to which a qualifying term is added (such as name of issuing body, place and/or date of publication, edition statement or medium statement), in order to make the resulting key title unique. oSIST ISO 3297:2010

ISO 3297:2007(E) 4

© ISO 2007 – All rights reserved All key titles are listed in the ISSN Register together with their ISSN. Key titles in non-roman alphabets shall be romanized according to ISO standards or, in the absence of ISO standards, national standards. 6 Linking ISSN (ISSN-L) To enable the use of ISSN in cases where finding or linking to a continuing resource without regard to medium is desired, the ISSN Network shall designate a linking ISSN. The linking ISSN shall be designated from among the ISSN assigned to the different media versions of a continuing resource. Further specifications regarding the linking ISSN are given in Annex C. 7 Printing and display of ISSN 7.1 General The ISSN shall be presented as two groups of four digits separated by a hyphen and shall always be preceded by the prefix ISSN and a space (see also Clause 3). The ISSN shall be displayed in a prominent position on or in the first issue and on or in each subsequent issue of serials; or on or in each iteration of ongoing integrating resources. If a resource bears an ISSN as well as another standard number, such as an ISBN for a volume of a series, the two numbers shall appear together and each number shall be identified by its own prefix: “ISSN” and “ISBN” or another appropriate prefix. When a single continuing resource bears more than one ISSN in relation to different continuing resource titles, for example the titles of a main series and its subseries, each ISSN shall appear on the continuing resource and each shall be distinguished by either adding the full or abbreviated title in parentheses after the relevant number, or by printing each ISSN as close as possible to the relevant title. When a continuing resource contains another continuing resource as an insert with a separate title page, the ISSN for the insert shall be printed on its title page, or in some other appropriate place on the insert. When serials or other continuing resources are produced in different media for which different ISSN and key titles are assigned, the related ISSN may also be displayed on or in the serials or other continuing resources, each with additional, distinguishing information. EXAMPLES: ISSN 1562-6865 (Online) ISSN 1063-7710 (Print) or Online version: ISSN 1562-6865 Print version: ISSN 1063-7710 NOTE For printing and display of ISSN-L, see Annex C. 7.2 Display of ISSN on printed continuing resources The ISSN shall be printed in a prominent position on each printed issue of a continuing resource in the following order of preference: front cover, title page, caption, masthead, back cover, colophon or editorial pages. oSIST ISO 3297:2010

ISO 3297:2007(E) © ISO 2007 – All rights reserved

5The ISSN shall, whenever possible, appear in the top right-hand corner of the front cover. In the case of tête-bêche publications (i.e. when two resources, each with its own ISSN, are bound together in inverted relation to each other), the ISSN pertaining to each resource should be printed in the preferred location (cover, etc., as above) on each resource. 7.3 Display of ISSN on electronic continuing resources and on other non-print media

On a continuing resource published in an electronic medium (e.g. online continuing resource, CD-ROM), the ISSN shall appear on the title screen or, in the absence of a title screen, on the main menu, and, if applicable, on any labels permanently affixed to the publication. If it is not possible to display the ISSN on the item or its label, the ISSN shall be displayed on the container. For online continuing resources using embedded metadata element sets, the ISSN shall be included in the “Identifier” or equivalent element of such metadata. On a continuing resource published on microfiche, the ISSN shall be entered in the identification area of the header of the microfiche and/or the labels. 8 Metadata 8.1 ISSN metadata The ISSN records in the ISSN Register contain a common core set of descriptive metadata that is maintained by the ISSN centres (see Annex B). The list of metadata elements may be augmented with additional elements if needed for national, regional or international purposes. 8.2 Metadata required for ISSN assignment Metadata is required, in addition to copies of or access to continuing resources, for the assignment of ISSN (see Annex B). 9 Copyright No copyright shall subsist in the assignment of ISSN or in its use in association with, or in place of, the resources they represent. 10 Fees ISSN are assigned free of charge. 11 Administration of the ISSN system The Registration Authority for this International Standard shall be the ISSN International Centre1). The ISSN Network shall be supervised, coordinated and administered by the ISSN International Centre. The principal tasks of the ISSN International Centre and of ISSN national and regional centres are specified in Annex D.

1) ISSN International Centre, 20, rue Bachaumont, 75002 Paris, France. Telephone: (+33 1) 44 88 22 20.

Fax: (+33 1) 40 26 32 43. E-mail: issnic@issn.org. Web site: http://www.issn.org. oSIST ISO 3297:2010

ISO 3297:2007(E) 6
© ISO 2007 – All rights reserved Annex A (normative)

Check digit for ISSN The check digit helps guard against errors resulting from improper data transcription. The check digit is particularly effective in detecting transposition errors. The check digit used in the ISSN is calculated on a Modulus 11 basis using weights 8 to 2, as indicated in Table A.1. Table A.1 — Procedure for calculating the ISSN check digit Procedure Example Step 1 Take the first seven digits of the ISSN (the check digit is the eighth and last digit).

0 3 1 7 8 4 7 Step 2 Associate the following constant weighting factors (8 to 2) to each digit.

8 7 6 5 4 3 2

× 0 8 3 7 1 6 7 5 8 4 4 3 7 2 Step 3 Apply each constant weighting factor by multiplying each digit by its associated weighting factor (e.g. 0 × 8; 3 × 7; 1 × 6; etc.). = 0 21 6 35 32 12 14 Step 4 Sum the products of these multiplications. 0 + 21 + 6 + 35 + 32 + 12 + 14 = 120 Step 5 Divide this sum by the modulus 11 to find the remainder. 120 ÷ 11 = 10 and a remainder of 10 Step 6 Subtract the remainder from 11 to generate the required check digit. If the check digit is 10, generate a check digit of X. If there is no remainder, generate a check digit of 0 (zero). 11 − 10 = 1 Check digit = 1 Step 7 Place the check digit at the end of the first seven digits to create the eight-digit International Standard Serial Number (ISSN). ISSN 0317-8471

oSIST ISO 3297:2010
ISO 3297:2007(E) © ISO 2007 – All rights reserved
7Annex B (normative)

Metadata B.1 General B.1.1 ISSN centres shall supply the ISSN Register with metadata about the resource to which the ISSN is assigned. The metadata associated with each ISSN assignment shall be maintained by the ISSN centre. B.1.2 The specifications concerning the type and format of this metadata shall be established by the ISSN International Centre in cooperation with the individual ISSN centres and shall be published in the ISSN Manual. B.2 Metadata required for ISSN assignment

ISSN assignment and registration are based primarily on the first or earliest issue of serials or on the current iteration of ongoing integrating resources. Copies or surrogates of the resources are required for ISSN assignment in addition to the metadata shown in Table B.1. Table B.1 —Metadata to be supplied by ISSN requestors Data element Title Country of publication Medium of publication Language of publication Publisher's name and location Date(s) of publication (year of the first issue and, if applicable, year of the final issue) Publication status (e.g. currently published, discontinued, unknown) Frequency The following elements should be supplied if applicable and available: Electronic location and access (i.e. URL for online resources) Additional physical form title or ISSN

Preceding title or ISSN Succeeding title or ISSN Supplement parent title or ISSN Supplement/special issue title or ISSN Main series title or ISSN Subseries title or ISSN Nonspecific relationship title or ISSN Other edition title or ISSN Varying form of title oSIST ISO 3297:2010

ISO 3297:2007(E) 8

© ISO 2007 – All rights reserved B.3 ISSN metadata The ISSN metadata, established and maintained by the ISSN International Centre and national or regional ISSN centres, shall include the applicable elements shown in Table B.2. The definition and application of the data elements (mandatory and optional) are described in the ISSN Manual. Table B.2 — Metadata to be established and maintained by ISSN centres Data element ISSN ISSN-L Key title Country of publication Medium of publication Language of publication Publisher's name and location ISSN centre code Date(s) of publication (year of the first issue and, if applicable, year of the final issue) Classification Title proper Name of issuing body Electronic location and access Additional physical form title and ISSN Preceding title and ISSN Succeeding title and ISSN Supplement parent title and ISSN Supplement/special issue title and ISSN Main series title and ISSN Subseries title and ISSN Nonspecific relationship title and ISSN Other edition title and ISSN Original language entry and ISSN Abbreviated key title Varying form of title Publication status (e.g. currently published, discontinued, unknown) Frequency Type of continuing resource Specific material designation Script of original title Coden and other codes Citation/references note

oSIST ISO 3297:2010
ISO 3297:2007(E) © ISO 2007 – All rights reserved
9Annex C (normative)

Linking ISSN (ISSN-L) C.1 A Linking ISSN shall be designated only by a centre of the ISSN Network. C.2 The first ISSN assigned, in the ISSN Register, to any medium version of a continuing resource shall be designated by default to function also as the linking ISSN and shall apply to all other media versions of that resource identified in the ISSN Register. C.3 The linking ISSN shall be included as a separate data element on each of the metadata records to which it pertains in the ISSN Register. Each metadata record in the ISSN Register will therefore carry the medium-specific ISSN assigned to the resource described in the record and the designated linking ISSN as separate data elements. C.4 A linking ISSN shall be designated for each continuing resource identified in the ISSN Register, even if the continuing resource exists in only one medium. C.5 Only one linking ISSN shall be designated regardless of how many different media versions of a continuing resource exist. C.6 When a continuing resource to which an ISSN has been assigned undergoes a major change and is therefore assigned a new ISSN (major change in title or other major change as defined in the ISSN Manual), the relevant linking ISSN shall be designated and recorded in the new metadata record that was created with the new ISSN assignment. C.7 When printed or otherwise displayed in applications involving collocation of all media versions of a continuing resource, the linking ISSN shall be clearly distinguished as such by use of the label ISSN-L. In such cases, the label ISSN-L shall be written in upper case and a space shall precede the 8 digits of the linking ISSN. EXAMPLE

ISSN-L 0251-1479 C.8 The linking ISSN can be used as a component in other global identifiers and mechanisms (see examples in Annex E). In such cases, specific syntax requirements may apply for the display of the linking ISSN within the syntax of such other identifiers or mechanisms. oSIST ISO 3297:2010

ISO 3297:2007(E) 10
© ISO 2007 – All rights reserved Annex D (normative)

Roles and responsibilities of the ISSN centres D.1 General The Registration Authority for this International Standard shall be the ISSN International Centre2). The ISSN system shall be composed of national and regional ISSN centres coordinated by the ISSN International Centre. The international, national and regional ISSN centres are referred to collectively as the ISSN Network and shall operate in accordance with the specifications outlined in D.2 and D.3. D.2 ISSN International Centre The ISSN International Centre shall perform the following functions and services: a) establish agreements governing the creation and operations of ISSN national and regional centres with the institutions hosting such centres, and revoke such agreements as necessary; b) allocate blocks of ISSN to national or regional centres; c) maintain and make available a central register of all ISSN assignments in a timely manner; d) assign and register ISSN, as necessary, for the serials and other continuing resources published by international organizations or in countries where no national or regional ISSN centre exists; e) establish and maintain common rules, standards, policies and procedures for the ISSN Network

...

NORME ISO
INTERNATIONALE 3297
Quatrième édition
2007-09-01
Information et documentation — Numéro
international normalisé des publications
en série (ISSN)
Information and documentation — International standard serial number
(ISSN)
Numéro de référence
ISO 3297:2007(F)
ISO 2007
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ISO 3297:2007(F)
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ii © ISO 2007 – Tous droits réservés
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ISO 3297:2007(F)
Sommaire Page

Avant-propos..................................................................................................................................................... iv

Introduction ........................................................................................................................................................ v

1 Domaine d'application.......................................................................................................................... 1

2 Termes et définitions............................................................................................................................ 1

3 Structure de l'ISSN ............................................................................................................................... 3

4 Attribution de l'ISSN ............................................................................................................................. 3

5 Établissement du titre clé .................................................................................................................... 3

6 ISSN de liaison (ISSN-L)....................................................................................................................... 4

7 Impression et affichage de l'ISSN ....................................................................................................... 4

7.1 Généralités ............................................................................................................................................ 4

7.2 Affichage de l'ISSN sur les ressources continues imprimées......................................................... 5

7.3 Affichage de l'ISSN sur les ressources continues électroniques ou non imprimées ................... 5

8 Métadonnées......................................................................................................................................... 5

8.1 Métadonnées de l'ISSN ........................................................................................................................ 5

8.2 Métadonnées requises pour l'attribution d'un ISSN ......................................................................... 5

9 Copyright ............................................................................................................................................... 5

10 Frais de participation............................................................................................................................ 5

11 Administration du système ISSN ........................................................................................................ 6

Annexe A (normative) Chiffre de contrôle de l'ISSN ...................................................................................... 7

Annexe B (normative) Métadonnées ................................................................................................................ 8

Annexe C (normative) ISSN de liaison (ISSN-L)............................................................................................ 10

Annexe D (normative) Rôles et responsabilités des centres ISSN............................................................. 11

Annexe E (informative) Utilisation de l'ISSN et de l'ISSN de liaison (ISSN-L) avec d'autres

systèmes d'identification et de liaison ............................................................................................. 13

Bibliographie .................................................................................................................................................... 20

© ISO 2007 – Tous droits réservés iii
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ISO 3297:2007(F)
Avant-propos

L'ISO (Organisation internationale de normalisation) est une fédération mondiale d'organismes nationaux de

normalisation (comités membres de l'ISO). L'élaboration des Normes internationales est en général confiée

aux comités techniques de l'ISO. Chaque comité membre intéressé par une étude a le droit de faire partie du

comité technique créé à cet effet. Les organisations internationales, gouvernementales et non

gouvernementales, en liaison avec l'ISO participent également aux travaux. L'ISO collabore étroitement avec

la Commission électrotechnique internationale (CEI) en ce qui concerne la normalisation électrotechnique.

Les Normes internationales sont rédigées conformément aux règles données dans les Directives ISO/CEI,

Partie 2.

La tâche principale des comités techniques est d'élaborer les Normes internationales. Les projets de Normes

internationales adoptés par les comités techniques sont soumis aux comités membres pour vote. Leur

publication comme Normes internationales requiert l'approbation de 75 % au moins des comités membres

votants.

L'attention est appelée sur le fait que certains des éléments du présent document peuvent faire l'objet de

droits de propriété intellectuelle ou de droits analogues. L'ISO ne saurait être tenue pour responsable de ne

pas avoir identifié de tels droits de propriété et averti de leur existence.

L'ISO 3297 a été élaborée par le comité technique ISO/TC 46, Information et documentation, sous-comité

SC 9, Identification et description.

Cette quatrième édition annule et remplace la troisième édition (ISO 3297:1998), dont le texte a été

intégralement réorganisé et réécrit. Cette édition clarifie et confirme le fait qu'un ISSN distinct est attribué à

chaque version sur un support différent d'une ressource continue. Pour tenir compte du besoin croissant dans

l'environnement numérique de rassembler comme de différencier les versions sur des supports différents

d'une même ressource, elle introduit une fonctionnalité, l'«ISSN de liaison (ISSN-L)», dont l'objet est de

faciliter les services de recherche et de distribution à travers toutes les versions sur des supports différents.

iv © ISO 2007 – Tous droits réservés
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ISO 3297:2007(F)
Introduction

Le besoin d'un code d'identification bref, unique et univoque pour les publications en série et les autres

ressources continues, a été universellement reconnu. L'échange d'informations entre les bibliothèques, les

centres de documentation et les autres utilisateurs de contenu; les fournisseurs, les distributeurs et d'autres

intermédiaires; les éditeurs et les autres producteurs de contenu, impose la prescription d'un code normalisé.

La communication entre les différents organismes dépasse les frontières nationales et requiert par

conséquent un code international qui soit numérique, puisque la plupart des producteurs et des utilisateurs de

publications en série n'utilisent pas un alphabet unique. En réponse à ces besoins, le Numéro international

normalisé des publications en série (ISSN) a été conçu comme le code d'identification des publications en

série.

Le Système international de données sur les publications en série (ISDS, International Serials Data System),

organisation intergouvernementale établie dans le cadre du programme UNISIST/UNESCO, a été désigné

pour mettre en place et gérer l'attribution des ISSN. En 1993, l'ISDS est devenu le Réseau de l'ISSN.

Les trois premières éditions de la présente Norme internationale se rapportaient uniquement aux publications

en série. Toutefois, une nouvelle catégorie de ressources, les «ressources continues», a été définie en 2002

par la communauté des bibliothèques pour englober de nouveaux types de ressources, telles que les bases

de données à mise à jour, aussi bien que les publications en série traditionnelles. Ainsi, le domaine

d'application de cette quatrième édition a été élargi, afin de couvrir les publications en série et les autres

ressources continues.
© ISO 2007 – Tous droits réservés v
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NORME INTERNATIONALE ISO 3297:2007(F)
Information et documentation — Numéro international
normalisé des publications en série (ISSN)
1 Domaine d'application

La présente Norme internationale définit et encourage l'emploi d'un code normalisé (ISSN), destiné à

l'identification unique des publications en série et des autres ressources continues.

Chaque Numéro international normalisé des publications en série (ISSN) est l'identifiant unique d'une

publication en série ou d'une autre ressource continue sur un support déterminé. La présente Norme

internationale décrit aussi un mécanisme, l'«ISSN de liaison (ISSN-L)», qui permet de rassembler et de lier

les versions sur des supports différents d'une même ressource continue.

L'ISSN s'applique aux publications en série et aux autres ressources continues, qu'elles soient passées,

présentes ou à paraître dans un avenir prévisible, quel que soit leur support de publication ou de production.

Les monographies, les enregistrements sonores et visuels, les publications de musique imprimée, les œuvres

audiovisuelles et les œuvres musicales ont leurs propres systèmes de numérotation et ne sont donc pas

explicitement concernés par la présente Norme internationale. Ces documents peuvent porter un ISSN en

complément de leurs propres numéros normalisés lorsqu'ils font partie d'une publication en série ou d'une

ressource continue.

Des recommandations plus détaillées sont fournies dans le manuel de l'ISSN, disponible auprès de l'autorité

d'enregistrement de la présente Norme internationale (voir Article 11).
2 Termes et définitions

Pour les besoins du présent document, les termes et les définitions suivants s'appliquent.

2.1
ressource continue

ressource sur tout support dont la publication se poursuit au cours du temps sans que la fin en soit

prédéterminée et qui est mise à la disposition du public

NOTE 1 Une ressource de ce type est généralement publiée en des livraisons successives ou intégrées, qui portent

des mentions de numérotation et/ou de datation.

NOTE 2 Les ressources continues comprennent les publications en série telles que les journaux, les revues, les

périodiques, les magazines, etc., et les ressources intégratrices permanentes telles que les publications à feuillets mobiles

continuellement mises à jour et les sites «web» continuellement mis à jour.
NOTE 3 Le terme anglais est continuing resource.
2.2
publication en série

ressource continue publiée en une succession de livraisons ou en parties distinctes, portant en général une

numérotation, qui n'a pas de fin prédéterminée

EXEMPLES Les revues, les magazines, les revues électroniques, les répertoires permanents, les rapports annuels,

les journaux et les collections de monographies; les revues, les magazines et les lettres d'actualité dont la durée de

parution est limitée et qui comportent en outre toutes les caractéristiques d'une publication en série (par exemple les

lettres d'actualité d'événements).
© ISO 2007 – Tous droits réservés 1
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ISO 3297:2007(F)
NOTE Le terme anglais est serial.
2.3
ressource intégratrice permanente

ressource continue augmentée ou modifiée par des mises à jour qui ne restent pas distinctes, mais qui sont

intégrées à l'ensemble de la ressource. Les ressources intégratrices permanentes n'ont pas de fin

prédéterminée

EXEMPLES Les bases de données, les publications à feuillets mobiles et les sites «web» qui sont mis à jour au cours

du temps sans fin prédéterminée.
NOTE Le terme anglais est ongoing integrating resource.
2.4
ISSN
numéro international normalisé des publications en série

numéro composé de huit chiffres, comprenant un chiffre de contrôle et précédé du préfixe alphabétique ISSN,

qui est attribué à une ressource continue par le Réseau de l'ISSN
NOTE Le terme anglais est ISSN, International Standard Serial Number.
2.5
réseau de l'ISSN

entité collective composée du Centre international de l'ISSN et des centres nationaux et régionaux de l'ISSN

afin de gérer l'attribution d'ISSN
NOTE Le terme anglais est ISSN Network.
2.6
titre clé

nom unique d'une ressource continue, établi par le Réseau de l'ISSN et inséparablement lié à son ISSN

NOTE 1 Le titre clé peut être identique au titre de la ressource ou, afin qu'il soit rendu unique, être construit par l'ajout

d'éléments d'identification et/ou de qualification tels que le nom de la collectivité éditrice, le lieu de publication, une

mention d'édition, etc.
NOTE 2 Le terme anglais est key title.
2.7
métadonnées de l'ISSN

données descriptives dont l'enregistrement fait partie du processus d'attribution d'ISSN et qui apportent les

éléments permettant d'identifier la ressource et de la distinguer d'autres ressources

NOTE Le terme anglais est ISSN metadata.
2.8
registre de l'ISSN

base de données d'enregistrement officielle du Réseau de l'ISSN contenant les métadonnées associées aux

ISSN attribués aux ressources continues
NOTE Le terme anglais est ISSN Register.
2.9
ISSN de liaison (ISSN-L)

ISSN désigné par le Réseau de l'ISSN pour permettre de rassembler ou de lier les versions sur des supports

différents d'une ressource continue
NOTE Le terme anglais est linking ISSN.
2 © ISO 2007 – Tous droits réservés
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ISO 3297:2007(F)
3 Structure de l'ISSN

Un ISSN doit être formé de huit caractères numériques en chiffres arabes de 0 à 9, à l'exception du dernier

caractère (dans la position d'extrême droite, la moins significative), qui peut aussi être la lettre X en majuscule.

Le dernier caractère doit être le chiffre de contrôle. Le chiffre de contrôle doit être établi par un calcul utilisant

le modulo 11, avec les facteurs de pondération 8 à 2, en prenant X au lieu de 10 si 10 est le chiffre de

contrôle. Voir l'Annexe A pour davantage de détails.

Puisque l'ISSN est utilisé dans le même contexte que des codes conçus pour d'autres usages, tels que le

Numéro international normalisé du livre (ISBN) ou des numéros de contrôle particuliers, il faut pouvoir le

distinguer des autres systèmes de numérotation dans sa forme écrite ou imprimée. Par conséquent, un ISSN

doit être précédé du préfixe ISSN et d'un espace, et apparaître en deux groupes de quatre chiffres séparés

par un tiret.
EXEMPLES:
ISSN 0251-1479
ISSN 1050-124X
4 Attribution de l'ISSN
4.1 Un ISSN doit être attribué uniquement par un centre du Réseau de l'ISSN.

4.2 Les métadonnées requises concernant une ressource continue à laquelle un ISSN a été attribué

doivent être collectées et versées dans le registre de l'ISSN par le centre du Réseau de l'ISSN qui a

enregistré la ressource, dans les délais établis par le Centre international de l'ISSN. Voir à l'Annexe B pour de

plus amples détails.

4.3 Un seul ISSN doit être attribué à chaque ressource continue distincte sur un support déterminé, selon

les définitions du Manuel de l'ISSN.

4.4 Chaque ISSN doit être lié de façon permanente au titre clé établi par le Réseau de l'ISSN au moment

de l'enregistrement.

4.5 Lorsqu'une ressource continue est éditée sur des supports différents, avec le même titre ou non,

différents ISSN et titres clés doivent être attribués aux différentes éditions.

4.6 Lorsqu'une ressource continue subit un changement majeur dans son titre ou l'un des autres

changements majeurs, définis dans le Manuel de l'ISSN, un nouvel ISSN doit être attribué et un nouveau titre

clé correspondant établi.

4.7 Une fois qu'un ISSN a été attribué à une ressource continue, il ne doit pas être modifié, remplacé ou

réutilisé pour une autre publication.

4.8 L'attribution d'un ISSN à une ressource continue ne doit revêtir aucune signification ni valeur juridique

quant au détenteur des droits ou au contenu de cette publication.
5 Établissement du titre clé

Le titre clé est établi ou authentifié par le centre de l'ISSN responsable de l'enregistrement de la ressource

continue, conformément aux règles énoncées dans le Manuel de l'ISSN.

Le titre clé est construit à partir des informations figurant au moment de l'enregistrement sur la page de titre

pour les ressources qui ont une page de titre ou l'équivalent d'une page de titre, ou à partir des informations

les plus complètes présentées de façon organisée pour les ressources qui n'ont pas de page de titre. Le titre

de la ressource devient le titre clé si ce titre est unique dans le Registre de l'ISSN au moment de

© ISO 2007 – Tous droits réservés 3
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ISO 3297:2007(F)

l'enregistrement. Si ce titre n'est pas unique, le titre clé est le titre propre auquel on a ajouté un qualificatif (tel

que le nom de la collectivité éditrice, le lieu et/ou la date de publication, une mention d'édition ou de support),

afin de rendre le titre clé résultant unique.

Tous les titres clés sont répertoriés dans le Registre de l'ISSN avec les ISSN auxquels ils correspondent. Les

titres clés en alphabets non latins doivent être romanisés selon les normes ISO ou, en l'absence de normes

ISO, conformément aux normes nationales.
6 ISSN de liaison (ISSN-L)

Pour permettre l'utilisation de l'ISSN lorsque l'on souhaite trouver ou se lier à une ressource continue

indépendamment de son support, le Réseau de l'ISSN doit désigner un ISSN de liaison.

L'ISSN de liaison doit être désigné parmi les ISSN attribués aux versions sur des supports différents d'une

ressource continue. Des précisions complémentaires concernant l'ISSN de liaison sont données à l'Annexe C.

7 Impression et affichage de l'ISSN
7.1 Généralités

Un ISSN doit être présenté sous forme de deux groupes de quatre caractères séparés par un tiret et doit

toujours être précédé du préfixe ISSN et d'un espace (voir aussi Article 3).

L'ISSN doit être affiché en évidence sur ou dans la première livraison et sur ou dans chaque livraison suivante

d'une publication en série, sur ou dans chaque itération d'une ressource intégratrice continue.

Lorsqu'une ressource porte un ISSN et un autre numéro normalisé, tel qu'un ISBN pour le volume d'une

collection, les deux numéros doivent figurer ensemble et chacun doit être identifié par son préfixe: «ISSN»,

«ISBN» ou tout autre préfixe approprié.

Lorsqu'une même ressource continue porte plusieurs ISSN en relation avec différents titres de ressource

continue (les titres d'une collection principale et de ses sous-collections, par exemple), chaque ISSN doit

figurer sur la ressource continue. On doit distinguer chaque ISSN soit en le faisant suivre entre parenthèses

du titre complet ou abrégé auquel il s'applique, soit en l'imprimant le plus près possible du titre auquel il

s'applique.

Lorsqu'une ressource continue contient une autre ressource continue, telle qu'un encart avec une page de

titre séparée, l'ISSN relatif à l'encart doit être imprimé sur cette page de titre ou en un autre endroit approprié

sur cet encart.

Lorsque des publications en série ou d'autres ressources continues sont publiées sur des supports différents

et que des ISSN et des titres clés différents ont été attribués, les ISSN en relation peuvent aussi être affichés

sur les publications en série ou sur les autres ressources continues, chacun avec les éléments d'information

complémentaire permettant de le distinguer.
EXEMPLES:
ISSN 1562-6865 (En ligne)
ISSN 1063-7710 (Imprimé)
Version en ligne: ISSN 1562-6865
Version imprimée: ISSN 1063-7710
NOTE Pour l'impression et l'affichage de l'ISSN-L, voir Annexe C.
4 © ISO 2007 – Tous droits réservés
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ISO 3297:2007(F)
7.2 Affichage de l'ISSN sur les ressources continues imprimées

L'ISSN doit être imprimé en évidence sur chaque livraison d'une ressource continue imprimée, de préférence

dans l'ordre suivant: première de couverture, page de titre, manchette, ours, quatrième de couverture, achevé

d'imprimer ou pages éditoriales.

L'ISSN doit être mentionné, autant que possible, dans le coin supérieur droit de la première de couverture.

Dans le cas de publications tête-bêche (c'est-à-dire lorsque deux ressources, possédant chacune son propre

ISSN, sont reliées ensemble en position inversée l'une par rapport à l'autre), il convient que l'ISSN se

rapportant à chaque ressource soit imprimé en un endroit privilégié sur chaque ressource (couverture, etc.,

comme indiqué ci-dessus).

7.3 Affichage de l'ISSN sur les ressources continues électroniques ou non imprimées

Sur une ressource continue publiée sur un support électronique (par exemple ressource continue en ligne,

cédérom), l'ISSN doit figurer sur l'écran-titre ou en absence d'écran-titre sur le menu principal et, si possible,

sur toute étiquette fixée de façon permanente à la publication. S'il n'est pas possible d'afficher l'ISSN sur l'item

ou sur son étiquette, l'ISSN doit être affiché sur le conteneur.

Pour les ressources continues en ligne utilisant un ensemble de métadonnées encapsulées (par exemple le

Dublin Core), l'ISSN doit être inclus dans l'élément «Identifier» ou son équivalent.

Sur une ressource continue publiée sur microfiche, l'ISSN doit être localisé dans la zone d'identification de

l'en-tête de la microfiche et/ou sur les étiquettes.
8 Métadonnées
8.1 Métadonnées de l'ISSN

Les notices ISSN du Registre de l'ISSN contiennent un noyau commun de métadonnées descriptives

maintenues par les centres de l'ISSN (voir Annexe B).

La liste des éléments de métadonnées peut être complétée par d'autres éléments pour des besoins nationaux,

régionaux ou internationaux.
8.2 Métadonnées requises pour l'attribution d'un ISSN

Des métadonnées sont requises, en plus des copies de la ressource continue ou d'un accès à la ressource

continue, pour l'attribution des ISSN (voir Annexe B).
9 Copyright

Il ne doit subsister aucun copyright lors de l'attribution d'un ISSN ou lors de son emploi en association avec ou

en remplacement de la ressource qu'il représente.
10 Frais de participation
L'attribution d'ISSN est gratuite.
© ISO 2007 – Tous droits réservés 5
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ISO 3297:2007(F)
11 Administration du système ISSN

L'autorité d'enregistrement de la présente Norme internationale doit être le Centre international de l'ISSN . Le

Réseau de l'ISSN doit être supervisé, coordonné et administré par le Centre international de l'ISSN.

Les principales tâches du Centre international de l'ISSN ainsi que des centres nationaux et régionaux de

l'ISSN sont précisées à l'Annexe D.

1) Centre international de l'ISSN, 20, rue Bachaumont, 75002 Paris, France. Téléphone (+33 1) 44 88 22 20. Télécopie:

(+33 1) 40 26 32 43. Courriel: issnic@issn.org. Site web: http://www.issn.org.
6 © ISO 2007 – Tous droits réservés
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ISO 3297:2007(F)
Annexe A
(normative)
Chiffre de contrôle de l'ISSN

Le chiffre de contrôle sert à éviter les erreurs causées par la transcription incorrecte d'un ISSN; il est

particulièrement efficace pour déceler les erreurs de transposition. Le chiffre de contrôle utilisé dans l'ISSN

est calculé en utilisant le modulo 11, avec les facteurs de pondération 8 à 2, comme indiqué dans le

Tableau A.1.
Tableau A.1 — Mode opératoire de calcul du chiffre de contrôle
Mode opératoire Exemple
Prendre les sept premiers chiffres de l'ISSN (le chiffre de
Étape 1 0 3 1 7 8 4 7
contrôle est le huitième et dernier chiffre).
Associer les facteurs de pondération suivants (8 à 2) à
Étape 2 8 7 6 5 4 3 2
chaque chiffre.
0 3 1 7 8 4 7
Multiplier chaque chiffre par son facteur de pondération
Étape 3 × 8 7 6 5 4 3 2
associé (par exemple 0 × 8; 3 × 7; 1 × 6; etc.).
= 0 21 6 35 32 12 14

Étape 4 Additionner les produits de ces multiplications. 0 + 21 + 6 + 35 + 32 + 12 + 14 = 120

Étape 5 Diviser cette somme par le modulo 11 pour trouver le reste. 120 ÷ 11 = 10 et un reste de 10

Soustraire le reste de 11 pour produire le chiffre de contrôle
recherché.
Si le chiffre de contrôle est égal à 10, mettre un X majuscule
Étape 6 11 − 10 = 1 Chiffre de contrôle recherché = 1
dans la position du chiffre de contrôle.
S'il n'y a pas de reste, mettre un 0 (zéro) dans la position du
chiffre de contrôle.
Ajouter le chiffre de contrôle à la fin des sept premiers
Étape 7 ISSN 0317-8471
chiffres pour établir le Numéro international normalisé des
publications en série (ISSN) de huit chiffres.
© ISO 2007 – Tous droits réservés 7
---------------------- Page: 12 ----------------------
ISO 3297:2007(F)
Annexe B
(normative)
Métadonnées
B.1 Généralités

B.1.1 Les centres de l'ISSN doivent fournir au Registre de l'ISSN des métadonnées sur les ressources

auxquelles ils attribuent un ISSN. Les métadonnées associées à chaque attribution d'ISSN doivent être

maintenues par les centres de l'ISSN.

B.1.2 Les spécifications concernant le type et le format de ces métadonnées doivent être établies par le

Centre international de l'ISSN en collaboration avec les autres centres de l'ISSN et être publiées dans le

Manuel de l'ISSN.
B.2 Métadonnées requises pour l'attribution de l'ISSN

L'attribution et l'enregistrement de l'ISSN sont fondés essentiellement sur la première ou la plus ancienne

livraison pour les publications en série ou sur l'itération en cours pour les ressources intégratrices continues.

En plus des métadonnées mentionnées dans le Tableau B.1, des copies ou des substituts des ressources

sont requis pour l'attribution de l'ISSN.
Tableau B.1 — Métadonnées à fournir par les demandeurs de l'ISSN
Élément de données
Titre
Pays de publication
Support de la publication
Langue de la publication
Éditeur et Iieu de publication

Date(s) de publication (année de la première livraison et, si applicable, année de la dernière livraison)

État de publication (par exemple publication en cours, publication morte, date inconnue)

Périodicité

Les éléments suivants doivent être fournis s'ils sont applicables et disponibles:

Adresse électronique et mode d'accès (c'est-à-dire URL pour les ressources en ligne)

Titre de l'édition sur un autre support matériel ou son ISSN
Titre précédent ou son ISSN
Titre suivant ou son ISSN
Titre du supplément ou son ISSN
Titre du supplément/hors-série ou son ISSN
Titre de la collection principale ou son ISSN
Titre de la sous-collection ou son ISSN
Titre en relation ou son ISSN
Titre d'une autre édition ou son ISSN
Variante de titre
8 © ISO 2007 – Tous droits réservés
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ISO 3297:2007(F)
B.3 Métadonnées de l'ISSN

Les métadonnées de l'ISSN, établies et maintenues par le Centre international de l'ISSN et les centres

nationaux ou régionaux de l'ISSN, doivent comprendre les éléments applicables du Tableau B.2. La définition

et l'application de ces éléments de données (obligatoires et facultatifs) sont décrites et maintenues dans le

Manuel de l'ISSN.
Tableau B.2 — Métadonnées à établir et à maintenir par les centres de l'ISSN
Élément de données
ISSN
ISSN-L
Titre clé
Pays de publication
Support de la publication
Langue de la publication
Éditeur et lieu de publication
Code de centre ISSN

Date(s) de publication (année de la première livraison et, si applicable, année de la dernière livraison)

Classification
Titre propre
Collectivité éditrice
Adresse électronique et mode d'accès
Titre de l'édition sur un autre support matériel et son ISSN
Titre précédent et son ISSN
Titre suivant et son ISSN
Titre du supplément et son ISSN
Titre du supplément/hors-série et son ISSN
Titre de la collection principale et son ISSN
Titre de la sous-collection et son ISSN
Titre en relation et son ISSN
Titre d'une autre éditi
...

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