Sustainable development in communities — Inventory of existing guidelines and approaches on sustainable development and resilience in cities

ISO/TR 37121:2016 provides an inventory of existing guidelines and approaches on sustainable development and resilience in cities. ISO/TR 37121:2016 focuses on resilience understood as the ability of a city, system, community, local government or society exposed to hazards to resist, absorb, accommodate to and recover from the effects of a hazard in a timely and efficient manner, including through the preservation and restoration of its essential basic structures and functions. Resilience indicators are intended to assess the extent to which cities are helping residents, businesses, institutions, and infrastructure resist, absorb, accommodate to and recover from the effects of hazards in a timely and efficient manner.

Développement durable des communautés — Recensement des lignes directrices existantes et approches sur le développement durable et résilience dans les villes

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Status
Published
Publication Date
09-Jan-2017
Current Stage
6060 - International Standard published
Start Date
10-Jan-2017
Completion Date
10-Jan-2017
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ISO/TR 37121:2017 - Sustainable development in communities -- Inventory of existing guidelines and approaches on sustainable development and resilience in cities
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TECHNICAL ISO/TR
REPORT 37121
First edition
2017-01
Sustainable development in
communities — Inventory of
existing guidelines and approaches
on sustainable development and
resilience in cities
Développement durable des communautés — Recensement des lignes
directrices existantes et approches sur le développement durable et
résilience dans les villes
Reference number
ISO/TR 37121:2017(E)
ISO 2017
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ISO/TR 37121:2017(E)
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© ISO 2017, Published in Switzerland

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ii © ISO 2017 – All rights reserved
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ISO/TR 37121:2017(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................vii

Introduction ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................viii

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Compilation of guidelines and approaches .............................................................................................................................. 1

4.1 ASEAN/ESC model cities programme ................................................................................................................................. 1

4.2 Citizen’s guide to biosphere eco-cities: Finding a balance between people and

nature for your city and countryside ................................................................................................................................... 2

4.3 User’s manual for the city biodiversity index ............................................................................................................... 2

4.4 Eco cities guide: Ecological cities as economic cities .......................................................................................... 3

4.5 European common indicators: Towards a local sustainability profile ................................................... 3

4.6 Global urban indicators — Selected statistics: monitoring the habitat agenda and

the millennium development goals ....................................................................................................................................... 4

4.7 Cities and green growth: A conceptual framework ................................................................................................. 4

4.8 Reference framework for sustainable cities (RFSC): Testing results

and recommendations ...................................................................................................................................................................... 5

4.9 Eco-model city project (EMCP): Regional revitalization project, eco-model cities

leading the transformation to the low-carbon society ......................................................................................... 5

4.10 ÉcoQuartier ................................................................................................................................................................................................ 6

4.11 Pearl rating system for Estidama: Emirate of Abu Dhabi ................................................................................... 6

4.12 Green communities assistance kit .......................................................................................................................................... 7

4.13 China’s development of low-carbon eco-cities and associated indicator systems ....................... 7

4.14 National eco-garden city evaluation standards .......................................................................................................... 7

4.15 Sustainable approach for social housing in Brazil (Selo Casa Azul CAIXA) ........................................ 8

4.16 Public environmental accounting: International context, trends and concrete

examples [City and Local Environmental Accounting and Reporting (CLEAR)] ............................ 8

4.17 Making EcoDistricts: Concepts and methods for advancing sustainability

in neighbourhoods ............................................................................................................................................................................... 9

4.18 GreenClimateCities program: Pathway to urban low-carbon development ...................................... 9

4.19 Tianjin eco-city ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 9

4.20 Green City index: Summary of the green city index research series .....................................................10

4.21 How smart is your city? Helping cities measure progress .............................................................................10

4.22 Citizen’s guide to LEED® for neighbourhood development: How to tell if

development is smart and green ..........................................................................................................................................11

4.23 CLIMATE+ development program: Framework for climate positive communities ..................11

4.24 Comprehensive manual for the community capital scan ................................................................................12

4.25 Enterprise green communities criteria...........................................................................................................................12

4.26 Foundation for sustainable area development: Assessments for area developments ...........12

4.27 Global city indicators facility briefing documents .................................................................................................13

4.28 International eco-city framework and standards ..................................................................................................13

4.29 Living building challenge 2.1: Visionary path to a restorative future ..................................................14

4.30 Common international targets ...............................................................................................................................................14

4.31 SlimCity: Cross-industry public-private initiative on urban sustainability .....................................15

4.32 Sustainability Tools for Assessing and Rating (STAR) community rating system .....................15

4.33 Sustainable Cities Index 2010: Ranking the 20 largest British cities ...................................................15

4.34 Sustainable communities program.....................................................................................................................................16

4.35 Sustainable cities program ........................................................................................................................................................16

4.36 BREEAM communities — Technical manual ..............................................................................................................17

4.37 Comprehensive assessment system for built environment efficiency (CASBEE®)

for Cities .....................................................................................................................................................................................................17

4.38 German Sustainable Building Council ..............................................................................................................................18

4.39 Eco-city development index system ..................................................................................................................................18

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ISO/TR 37121:2017(E)

4.40 Green star communities: Guide for local government .......................................................................................19

4.41 IGBC green townships (for townships and large developments) rating system —

Pilot version abridged reference guide ...........................................................................................................................19

4.42 LEED® for neighbourhood development .....................................................................................................................20

4.43 Environmental accounting for people and places: Resources and Energy Analysis

Programme (REAP) ..........................................................................................................................................................................20

4.44 Cities and biodiversity outlook — Action and policy: Global assessment of the

links between urbanization, biodiversity, and ecosystem services ........................................................21

4.45 Global assessment report on disaster risk reduction .........................................................................................21

4.46 UNISDR terminology on disaster risk reduction ....................................................................................................21

4.47 Global competitiveness report 2013 to 2014 ............................................................................................................22

4.48 Partnering for service excellence: Performance measurement report ...............................................22

4.49 Meeting the challenge of climate change: TRCA action plan for the living city ............................22

4.50 2012 EPI: environmental performance index and pilot trend environmental

performance index ............................................................................................................................................................................23

4.51 2012 Global cities index and emerging cities outlook .......................................................................................23

4.52 State of the world’s cities 2012/2013: Prosperity of cities ...........................................................................23

4.53 Wealthier, healthier cities: How climate change action is giving us wealthier,

healthier cities ......................................................................................................................................................................................24

4.54 New York City local law 84 benchmarking report .................................................................................................24

4.55 BREEAM-NL Area development — Label for sustainable area development:

Technical manual ...............................................................................................................................................................................24

4.56 Capacity building to integrate disaster risk reduction into coastal management

in Indonesia ............................................................................................................................................................................................25

4.57 GHG protocol for community-scale greenhouse gas emissions (GPC).................................................25

4.58 UK sustainable development indicators ........................................................................................................................25

4.59 PAS 2070 — Specification for the assessment of greenhouse gas emissions of a

city: Direct plus supply chain, and consumption-based methodologies ............................................26

4.60 Water sector performance indicator system (WS-PIS) .....................................................................................26

4.61 Climate change adaptation-related indicators .........................................................................................................27

4.62 The UK government sustainable development strategy ..................................................................................27

4.63 Ecological footprints of Canadian municipalities and regions ...................................................................27

4.64 Indicators of disaster risk and risk management: Program for Latin America and

the Caribbean summary report (second edition) ..................................................................................................28

4.65 Cities preparing for climate change: Study of six urban regions ..............................................................28

4.66 Indicators for sustainability: How cities are monitoring and evaluating their success ........28

4.67 Climate change adaptation indicators: Logic framework assessment and indicator

analysis of Sida’s bilateral and regional contributions under the framework of the

climate change initiative ..............................................................................................................................................................29

4.68 London’s quality of life indicators: 2012 report .....................................................................................................29

4.69 Measuring urban sustainability: Analysis of the European Green Capital Award

2010 and 2011 application round.......................................................................................................................................29

4.70 Measuring city sustainability: Project Houston .......................................................................................................30

4.71 Investing in sustainable growth: 2012 Rotterdam sustainability monitor ......................................30

4.72 National Forest City .........................................................................................................................................................................30

4.73 Construction index for ecological cities .........................................................................................................................31

4.74 Management referential system for a sustainable management operation

(Référentiel du Système de Management d’une Opération d’aménagement durable) ..........31

4.75 How to integrate and determine the value of the three sustainable development

aspects from the conception to the development of a project (Comment intégrer et

valoriser les 3 aspects du développement durable de la conception à la réalisation

d’un projet)..............................................................................................................................................................................................31

4.76 From strategy to evaluation: keys to succeed in the local Agenda 21 — Referential

for the evaluation of territorial sustainable development projects (De la stratégie

à l’évaluation: des clés pour réussir un Agenda 21 local — Référentiel pour

l’évaluation des projets territoriaux de développement durable) ..........................................................32

4.77 Territorial Sustainable Development Projects and Local Agenda 21 ...................................................32

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4.78 Referential: A Sustainable Development for Paris (Référential: Un Aménagement

Durable Pour Paris) .........................................................................................................................................................................33

4.79 Sustainable development indicators: Indicators for the sustainable development

national strategy 2010–2013 (Les indicateurs de développement durable: Les

indicateurs de la stratégie nationale de développement durable 2010–2013) ...........................33

4.80 Sustainable development indicators for the evaluation of urban renewal projects:

INDI model – RU 2015 (Des indicateurs de developpement durable pour

l’evaluation des projets de renouvellement urbain: Le modèle INDI – RU 2005)......................33

4.81 Some regional approaches and indicators and some indicators related to social

cohesion (Quelques démarches et indicateurs régionaux and Quelques indicateurs

en lien avec la cohésion sociale) ...........................................................................................................................................34

4.82 Reference framework for sustainable cities ...............................................................................................................34

4.83 Urban sustainable development diagnostic (Diagnostic developpement durable urbain) 34

4.84 Guide for environmental quality in architecture and urbanism (Guide de la qualité

environnementale dans l’architecture et l’urbanisme) ....................................................................................35

4.85 Sustainable cities and neighbourhoods (Ville and quartiers durables) .............................................35

4.86 Baro’Metropole: Our Territory in Focus (Baro’Metropole: Notre Territoire à la Loupe) .....35

4.87 Eco-neighbourhoods Charter: Project subject to consultation and experimentation

(Charte des éco quartiers: Project soumis à concertation et expérimentation) .........................36

4.88 Charter for sustainable development and habitat (Charte de l’aménagement et de

l’habitat durables) .............................................................................................................................................................................36

4.89 UNISDR Disaster Resilience Scorecard for Cities ...................................................................................................37

4.90 UNISDR Indicators of progress ..............................................................................................................................................37

4.91 UNISDR Post-2015 Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction: A proposal for

monitoring progress........................................................................................................................................................................38

4.92 UNISDR local government self-assessment tool .....................................................................................................39

4.93 Making Cities Resilient Report 2012 (UNISDR) ......................................................................................................39

4.94 UNISDR Ten New Essentials for Making Cities Resilient .................................................................................40

4.95 University of Notre Dame Global Adaptation Index .............................................................................................41

4.96 Resilient Cities Research Report (Grosvenor) ..........................................................................................................42

4.97 City Resilience Framework ........................................................................................................................................................42

4.98 2014 FM Global Resilience Index .........................................................................................................................................43

4.99 Global Climate Risk Index 2015 ............................................................................................................................................43

4.100 Index for Risk Management — InfoRM ...........................................................................................................................44

4.101 Risk Reduction Index in West Africa .................................................................................................................................45

4.102 Toolkit for Resilient Cities — Infrastructure, Technology and Urban Planning ..........................46

4.103 The Oregon Resilience Plan ......................................................................................................................................................46

4.104 Planetary Boundaries Framework ......................................................................................................................................47

4.105 Doughnut economics ......................................................................................................................................................................47

4.106 Recovery Strategy for Greater Christchurch ...............................................................................................................48

4.107 Private Sector Investment Decisions in Building and Construction: Increasing,

Managing and Transferring Risks: Case study of Lagos, Nigeria ..............................................................49

4.108 Tourism Investment Choices and Flood Risk: Illustrative Case Study on Denarau

Island Resort in Fiji ..........................................................................................................................................................................49

4.109 Flood risk management and the roles of the private sector in England .............................................49

4.110 The Value of Seismic Risk Mitigation in Canterbury, New Zealand ........................................................50

4.111 Uncorrected land-use planning highlighted by flooding: The Alba case study

(Piedmont, Italy) ................................................................................................................................................................................50

4.112 Private Sector Investment Decisions in Building and Construction: Increasing,

Managing, and Transferring Risks: A Case Study of Thailand .....................................................................50

4.113 UNISDR Case Study Report ........................................................................................................................................................51

4.114 REDi Rating System ..........................................................................................................................................................................51

4.115 IFRC Framework for Community Resilience ..............................................................................................................51

4.116 Copenhagen Climate Adaptation Plan .............................................................................................................................52

4.117 Risk-Based Land-Use Guide ......................................................................................................................................................53

4.118 Enhancing Distribution Resiliency .....................................................................................................................................53

4.119 Smart City Pilot Project.................................................................................................................................................................53

4.120 Haimian City Pilot Project ..........................................................................................................................................................54

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4.121 Low-carbon regions and cities experimental project .........................................................................................54

4.122 Guide for comprehensive assessment of local government ..........................................................................55

4.123 Spanish Sustainable Development Strategy ...............................................................................................................55

4.124 Spanish Standardization Work Programme ...............................................................................................................55

4.125 Gradual Development of Austrian Smart City Profiles ......................................................................................56

5 Analysis of indicators....................................................................................................................................................................................56

5.1 ISO 37120 Gap analysis — Resilience indicators ...................................................................................................56

5.2 Analysis and correlation of guidelines and approaches with purposes and issues

from ISO 37101 ...................................................................................................................................................................................59

5.2.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................59

5.2.2 Reference framework for European sustainable cities ................................................................60

5.2.3 Baro Metropole (City of Rennes) ....................................................................................................................63

5.2.4 Reference framework for territorial sustainable development projects

and local Agenda 21 ...................................................................................................................................................66

5.2.5 Green communities ........................................................................................................................................... ..........68

5.2.6 Urban indicators guidelines ................................................................................................................................70

5.2.7 Low-carbon eco-cities ..............................................................................................................................................73

5.2.8 Star community rating system ..........................................................................................................................74

5.3 Analysis of CASBEE® guidelines and approaches ................................................................................................77

5.3.1 CASBEE® for urban development .................................................................................................................77

5.3.2 CASBEE® for cities .....................................................................................................................................................80

5.3.3 CASBEE® for market promotion — Reflecting UNEP FI PWG’s support for

concise metrics ...............................................................................................................................................................82

5.4 Analysis and correlation of UNISDR ten new essentials with ISO 37120 .........................................85

6 Selection of indicators .................................................................................................................................................................................92

6.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................92

6.2 Collection of information ............................................................................................................................................................93

6.3 Statistical considerations: Time series, missing data and interpretation in context ..............93

6.3.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................93

6.3.2 Time series .........................................................................................................................................................................94

6.3.3 Missing data ......................................................................................................................................................................94

6.3.4 Interpretation in context ....................................................................................

...

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