Safety of toys — Part 1: Safety aspects related to mechanical and physical properties — Amendment 1: Cords

Sécurité des jouets — Partie 1: Aspects de sécurité relatifs aux propriétés mécaniques et physiques — Amendement 1: Cordages

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ISO 8124-1:2014/FDAmd 1 - Cords
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FINAL
ISO
AMENDMENT
DRAFT
8124-1:2014
FDAM 1
ISO/TC 181
Safety of toys —
Secretariat: DS
Voting begins on:
Part 1:
2017-03-20
Safety aspects related to mechanical
Voting terminates on:
and physical properties
2017-05-15
AMENDMENT 1: Cords
Sécurité des jouets —
Partie 1: Aspects de sécurité relatifs aux propriétés mécaniques et
physiques
AMENDEMENT 1: Cordages
RECIPIENTS OF THIS DRAFT ARE INVITED TO
SUBMIT, WITH THEIR COMMENTS, NOTIFICATION
OF ANY RELEVANT PATENT RIGHTS OF WHICH
THEY ARE AWARE AND TO PROVIDE SUPPOR TING
DOCUMENTATION.
IN ADDITION TO THEIR EVALUATION AS
Reference number
BEING ACCEPTABLE FOR INDUSTRIAL, TECHNO-
ISO 8124-1:2014/FDAM 1:2017(E)
LOGICAL, COMMERCIAL AND USER PURPOSES,
DRAFT INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS MAY ON
OCCASION HAVE TO BE CONSIDERED IN THE
LIGHT OF THEIR POTENTIAL TO BECOME STAN-
DARDS TO WHICH REFERENCE MAY BE MADE IN
NATIONAL REGULATIONS. ISO 2017
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ISO 8124-1:2014/FDAM 1:2017(E)
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ii © ISO 2017 – All rights reserved
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ISO 8124-1:2014/FDAM 1:2017(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

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electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/ directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/ patents).

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URL: w w w . i s o .org/ iso/ foreword .html
This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 181, Safety of toys.
A list of all parts in the ISO 8124 series can be found on the ISO website.
© ISO 2017 – All rights reserved iii
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ISO 8124-1:2014/FDAM 1:2017(E)
Safety of toys —
Part 1:
Safety aspects related to mechanical and physical
properties
AMENDMENT 1: Cords
3 Terms and definitions
Replace the existing terminological entry with the following:
3.11
cord

narrow piece of flexible textile or non-textile material, the length of which is significantly greater than

the thickness and width

EXAMPLE Cord includes elastic material, monofilament polymeric material, tape, ribbon, rope, strap, chain,

woven and twisted material and string, as well as certain weak and long springs.

Note 1 to entry Electrical cables (see 3.X9) are not considered to be cords. Accessible electrical wires (e.g.

between a battery box and a sound source in a soft filled toy) which are not electrical cables are, however,

considered to be cords.
Add the following new terminological entries:
3.X1
elastic

material or item that is stretchable when subjected to an external force and which is able to recover or

nearly recover its original length or shape when the force is removed
3.X2
fixed loop

loop in a cord, the perimeter of which is fixed by any permanent means including one or more knots,

hook and loop fasteners, buckles or similar fasteners

Note 1 to entry A fixed loop can include a part or parts of the toy (see Figure X1).

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ISO 8124-1:2014/FDAM 1:2017(E)
Figure X1 — Examples of fixed loops
3.X3
tangled loop
loop created by twisting or snagging a cord with the potential to tangle

Note 1 to entry The tangled loop can include a part or parts of the toy (see Figure X2).

Key
1 fixing point
2 tangle point
a Drum surface.
b Cord attaching drumstick to drum.
c Drumstick.
Figure X2 — Example of a tangled loop
2 © ISO 2017 – All rights reserved
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ISO 8124-1:2014/FDAM 1:2017(E)
3.X4
noose
loop in a cord which reduces in perimeter as the cord is pulled (see Figure X3)
Figure X3 — Examples of a noose
3.X5
ribbon

narrow piece of fabric or textile material, the length of which is significantly greater than the width,

and the width of which is significantly greater than the thickness
3.X6
strap
strip of flexible material used for fastening, securing, carrying or holding
3.X8
tape

narrow piece of non-textile material, the length of which is significantly greater than the width, and

the width of which is significantly greater than the thickness
3.X9
electrical cable

flexible insulated conductor used for connecting a toy to a supply of electricity or to a piece of electron-

ic equipment which is not itself a toy or part of a toy
3.X10
yo-yo ball

toy with a tether made from an elastic material usually having a ring at one end (i.e. a loop to place

around a finger) and a flexible object at the other end, intended to be thrown and returned to the hand

3.X11
cord with the potential to tangle

cord with an attachment, fixed loop, knot or similar feature that can cause the cord to tangle and form a

tangled loop or noose during reasonably foreseeable use and without excessive or intricate manipulation

3.X12
chain

series of connected links or rings of which the length is significantly greater than the thickness and width

Replace the existing text of 4.11 with the following:
© ISO 2017 – All rights reserved 3
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ISO 8124-1:2014/FDAM 1:2017(E)
4.11 Cords
4.11.1 General
See E.16.
The requirements in 4.11 do not apply to:

— ropes and chains that are covered by the diameter requirements of ISO 8124-4 (e.g. climbing and

swinging ropes);

— straps intended to be worn fully or partially around the neck (see 4.33, Straps intended to be worn

fully or partially around the neck);
— straps in safety harnesses;
— straps in imitation safety harnesses (e.g. on toy pushchairs);
— shoulder or waist straps (e.g. on toy bags, toy backpacks or toy fairy wings);

— handles (e.g. on toy bags, toy cradles, toy carry cots, or toy buckets and boxes);

— cords intended for pulling sledges or toboggans, intended for outdoor use on snow under adult

supervision (see 4.34, Sledges and toboggans with cords for pulling).

NOTE Straps in safety harnesses include straps for securing children to ride-on toys and seats.

The requirements from 4.11.2 to 4.11.8 do not apply to:

— toys intended to be strung across a cradle, cot, perambulator or carriage. However, any elements

hanging down from such toys that are intended to be within the reach of children are not exempt

from these clauses and shall fulfil the applicable requirements;

— toys, intended to be attached to a cradle, cot, perambulator or carriage, with cords which are

intended to be out of reach of the children.

The requirements of 4.11.2 to 4.11.5 and 4.11.7 to 4.11.11 do not apply to electrical cables on toys

intended for children 18 months and over; such electrical cables shall comply with 4.11.5.

4.11.2 Cords in toys intended for children under 18 months
4.11.2.1 Cords with the potential to tangle
Cords with the potential to tangle shall either:

a) have a length not exceeding 220 mm when measured according to 5.11.2 (Length of cords and

electrical cables), or

b) separate into parts when tested according to 5.11.3 (Breakaway feature separation test). It shall be

possible to join the parts after they have been separated without altering the characteristics of the

joints (see Figure X4). In addition, any cord with the potential to tangle included with or attached to

the toy after the breakaway has been separated shall continue to comply with the requirement of

4.11.2.1 a).

Two cords with the potential to tangle that are attached to the toy in the same position (e.g. using the

same fixing point or same stitching) shall be considered as one cord for the purpose of this requirement.

Where more than two cords are attached, the longest two cords shall be measured as if they were one

cord with their lengths combined.
4.11.2.2 Other cords

Other cords included with or attached to toys, excluding pull toys, shall have a free length not exceeding

300 mm when measured according to 5.11.2. This requirement applies to any cords remaining attached

to the toy after assessment against 4.11.2.1 b) (length of cords and electrical cables).

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ISO 8124-1:2014/FDAM 1:2017(E)

Two cords that are attached to the toy in the same position (e.g. using the same fixing point or same

stitching) shall be considered as two separate cords for the purpose of this requirement. Where more

than two cords are attached, each is considered a separate cord.

4.11.3 Cords in toys intended for children of 18 months and over but under 36 months

4.11.3.1 Cords with the potential to tangle
Cords with the potential to tangle shall either:

a) have a length not exceeding 300 mm when measured according to 5.11.2 (Length of cords and

electrical cables), or

b) separate into parts when tested according to 5.11.3 (Breakaway feature separation test). It shall be

possible to join the parts after they have been separated without altering the characteristics of the

joints (see Figure X4). In addition, any cord with the potential to tangle included with or attached to

the toy after the breakaway has been separated shall continue to comply with the requirements of

4.11.3.1 a).

Two cords with the potential to tangle that are attached to the toy in the same position (e.g. using the same

fixing point or same stitching) shall be considered as one cord for the purpose of this requirement. Where

more than two cords are attached, the longest two cords shall be measured as if they were one cord.

Figure X4 — Example of a joint on cords

4.11.3.2 Toys and the packaging of toys with other cords included with or attached to toys

Toys and the packaging of toys with other cords included with or attached to toys (excluding pull

toys) with a free length exceeding 300 mm, when measured according to 5.11.2 (Length of cords and

electrical cables), shall carry a warning (see B.2.XY, Toys with cords intended for children 18 months

and over but under 36 months). This requirement applies to any cords remaining attached to the toy

after assessment against 4.11.3.1 b).

Two cords that are attached to the toy in the same position (e.g. using the same fixing point or same

stitching) shall be considered as two separate cords for the purpose of this requirement. Where more

than two cords are attached, each is considered a separate cord.
4.11.3.3 Other cords without a free end

Other cords without a free end with a length exceeding 220 mm, but not exceeding 300 mm, shall bear a

warning indicating that the toy is not suitable for children under the age of 18 months (see B.2.XY, Toys

with cords intended for children 18 months and over but under 36 months).
4.11.4 Fixed loops and nooses intended for children under 36 months
Cords that comprise fixed loops or nooses on toys as received shall either:

a) not permit the passage of the head probe (see Figure X7) when tested in accordance with 5.11.4.1

(Test for loops and cords). Specifically, the loop shall not allow the head probe to be inserted so

deep that it admits the base of the probe; or

b) be separable such that the loop or noose is no longer intact, when tested according to 5.11.3

(Breakaway feature separation test).

In addition, any cords with the potential to tangle attached to the toy after the breakaway has been

separated and without a free end shall continue to comply with the requirement of 4.11.2.1 a) or 4.11.3.1

a), as appropriate, for the intended age grade of the toy.
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ISO 8124-1:2014/FDAM 1:2017(E)

Toys including components intended to create fixed loops and nooses shall include information in their

instructions on the hazards of fixed loops and nooses, and provide breakaway features to enable the

fixed loop or noose to be created in a manner that would comply with this requirement.

4.11.5 Cords on pull toys

Cords on pull toys intended for children under 36 months shall have a free length not exceeding 800 mm

when measured according to 5.11.2 (Length of cords and electrical cables).
4.11.6 Electrical cables

Electrical cables on toys longer than 300 mm, when measured according to 5.11.2 (Length of cords and

electrical cables), intended for children 18 months and over shall carry a warning (see B.2.XX, Toys

with electric cables exceeding 300 mm in length). Electrical cables on toys intended for children aged

under 18 months shall comply with 4.11, as applicable.
4.11.7 Diameter of certain cords intended for children under 36 months

Cords connected to a self-retraction mechanism and cords in pull toys shall have an average cross-

sectional dimension of 1,5 mm or more when measured according to 5.11.1 (cords cross-sectional

dimension).
4.11.8 Self-retracting cords intended for children under 36 months

The force of self-retraction mechanisms for cords in toys shall not retract the cord by more than 6 mm

under any of the testing conditions specified in 5.11.5 (Self-retracting cords).

4.11.9 Toys attached to or intended to be strung across, or otherwise attached to, a cradle, cot,

perambulator or carriage

4.11.9.1 Toys intended to be strung across a cradle, cot, perambulator or carriage

Toys intended to be strung across a cradle, cot, perambulator or carriage shall carry a warning (see

B.2.10, Toys intended to be strung across a cradle, cot or perambulator and carriage).

NOTE This requirement is intended to ensure that the message is available on the product during its

foreseeable life.

4.11.9.2 Toys otherwise intended to be attached to a cradle, cot, perambulator or carriage

Toys intended to be attached to, but not strung across, a cradle, cot, perambulator or carriage, where

any attached cords do not comply with the requirements of 4.11.2 to 4.11.8, shall bear a warning stating

that they are to be affixed so that the cords are out of the reach of children and that they are to be

removed before the child can reach them (see B.2.XXX, Toys intended to be attached to a cradle, cot or

perambulator and carriage).

The toy shall be accompanied by instructions which indicate how the toy is to be affixed out of reach of

children.
4.11.10 Cords on toy bags

Toy bags made of impermeable material with an opening perimeter greater than 360 mm shall not have

a drawstring or a cord as a means of closing (see also 4.11, Plastic film or plastic bags in packaging and

in toys).
4.11.11 Cords, strings and lines for flying toys

Hand-held cords, strings and lines over 1,8 m long, attached to toy kites or other flying toys, shall

have an electrical resistance of more than 10 Ω/cm when tested in accordance with 5.11.6 (electrical

resistance of cords).

Toy kites and other flying toys shall carry a warning (see B.2.16, Toy kites, for guidance).

6 © ISO 2017 – All rights reserved
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ISO 8124-1:2014/FDAM 1:2017(E)
Add the following new subclauses:
4.32 Yo-yo balls
See E.46.

The initial length (l ) of the yo-yo ball tether, measured as described in 5.38.2 (Measurement of initial

length), shall not be greater than 370 mm.

The ratio of the mass m (in grams) to the elastic constant k of the yo-yo ball tether, measured as

described in 5.38.1 (Measurement of elastic constant), shall be less than 2,2 (see Formula (1)):

m/k < 2,2 (1)
where
m is the total mass of the ball and the tether made of elastic material;
k is the elastic constant of the yo-yo ball tether as measured in 5.38.1.
4.33 Straps intended to be worn fully or partially around the neck
See E.47.

Toys intended for children under 36 months with straps intended to be worn fully or partially around

the neck, and which create a fixed loop, shall have a breakaway feature which breaks when tested

according to 5.11.3 (Breakaway feature separation test).

Safety harnesses, backpack shoulder straps and the straps of bag/bucket/box handles are excluded

from this requirement.
4.34 Sledges and toboggans with cords for pulling

Sledges and toboggans, which are intended for outdoor use on snow under adult supervision, that are

equipped with a cord for pulling shall carry a warning on the sledges or toboggans (see B.2.XZ, Sledges

and toboggans with cords for pulling).
Replace the existing text of 5.11.1 with the following:
5.11.1 Cords cross-sectional dimension
See 4.11.7.

While under a tension of (25 ± 2) N, measure the maximum cross-sectional dimension of the cord (see

Figure X5) at five points along its length using an instrument capable of measuring in units of 0,1 mm

or less.

Determine the average cross-sectional dimension to the nearest 0,1 mm. For cords approaching 1,5 mm

in cross-sectional dimension, use a non-compressible measuring device, e.g. an optical projector.

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ISO 8124-1:2014/FDAM 1:2017(E)
Key
1 cord transversal section
2 cross-sectional dimension
Figure X5 — Example of measurement of the cross-sectional dimension of a cord
Replace the existing text of 5.11.2 with the following:
5.11.2 Length of cords and electrical cables
5.11.2.1 Electric cables
See 4.11.2.1 a), 4.11.2.2, 4.11.3.1, 4.11.3.2 and 4.11.6

Fix the toy and apply a force of (25 ± 2) N to the other end of the cord or electrical cable along its axis.

Measure, to an accuracy of ± 1 mm, the length of the cord or electrical cable from the point where it

attaches to the toy to its end.

If an attachment has the same shape or form as the cord or electrical cable, this part is measured as

part of the entire cord or electrical cable (see Figure X6).
Key
1 length of cord

Figure X6 — Measurement of the length of a cord with attachments of the same shape or form

as the cord
5.11.2.2 Length of cords

When measuring the length of a cord that can form a tangled loop only the length of cord between the

toy and the entanglement point shall be measured (in the example shown in Figure X2 the drumsticks

are not included in the length measurement).

NOTE For the purposes of this test method an electrical cable is regarded as a cord.

Replace 5.11.3 with the following:
5.11.3 Breakaway feature separation test
See 4.11.2.1 b), 4.11.3.1 b) and 4.11.4 b).
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ISO 8124-1:2014/FDAM 1:2017(E)

Fix one end of the cord. Apply a force of (25 ± 2) N to the other end along the axis of the cord, in such a

way that the breakaway feature is in the middle between the fixing points. The required tensile force

shall be applied evenly within a period of 5 s, and maintained for 10 s. Observe whether or not the cord,

strap or breakaway feature separates.
Add the following new subclauses:
5.11.4 Test for fixed loops and nooses
See 4.11.4 a) and 4.11.4 b).

1) Anchor or secure the toy. Place the head probe (see Figure X7) in the loop/opening formed by the

cord/s, tapered end first, with the plane of its base parallel to the plane of the opening. Rotate

the probe to any orientation about its own axis while keeping its base parallel to the plane of the

opening. Apply 45 N while attempting to push the probe through the opening.

2) Elastic materials or loops that are smaller than the tapered diameter of the head probe shall be

...

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