Destructive tests on welds in metallic materials — Transverse tensile test

This document specifies the sizes of test specimen and the procedure for carrying out transverse tensile tests in order to determine the tensile strength and the location of fracture of a welded butt joint. This document applies to metallic materials in all forms of product with joints made by any welded butt joint.

Essais destructifs des soudures sur matériaux métalliques — Essai de traction transversale

Le présent document spécifie les dimensions des éprouvettes et le mode opératoire d’essai de traction transversale dans le but de déterminer la résistance à la traction et l’emplacement de la rupture d’un assemblage soudé bout à bout. Le présent document s’applique aux assemblages soudés à partir de matériaux métalliques sous toute forme de livraison, réalisés par tout assemblage soudé bout à bout.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
26-May-2022
Current Stage
5020 - FDIS ballot initiated: 2 months. Proof sent to secretariat
Start Date
21-Dec-2021
Completion Date
21-Dec-2021
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INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 4136
Fourth edition
2022-05
Destructive tests on welds in metallic
materials — Transverse tensile test
Essais destructifs des soudures sur matériaux métalliques — Essai de
traction transversale
Reference number
ISO 4136:2022(E)
© ISO 2022
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO 4136:2022(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2022

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting on

the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address below

or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
© ISO 2022 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO 4136:2022(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions .................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Symbols and abbreviated terms..........................................................................................................................................................1

5 Principle ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 2

6 Preparation of test specimens .............................................................................................................................................................. 2

6.1 Location ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 2

6.2 Marking ......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

6.3 Heat treatment and/or ageing .................................................................................................................................................. 3

6.4 Extraction ................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

6.4.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 3

6.4.2 Steel ................................................................................................................................................................................................ 3

6.4.3 Other metallic materials.............................................................................................................................................. 3

6.5 Machining .................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

6.5.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 3

6.5.2 Location ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

6.5.3 Dimensions .............................................................................................................................................................................. 4

6.5.4 Surface preparation ......................................................................................................................................................... 7

7 Test procedure .......................................................................................................................................................................................................7

8 Test results ........................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................... 7

8.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 7

8.2 Location of fracture ........................................................................................................................................................................... 7

8.3 Examination of fracture surfaces .......................................................................................................................................... 7

9 Test report .................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 8

Annex A (informative) Example of a test report...................................................................................................................................... 9

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................10

iii
© ISO 2022 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO 4136:2022(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www.iso.org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www.iso.org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to

the World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT), see

www.iso.org/iso/foreword.html.

This document was prepared was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 44, Welding and allied

processes, Subcommittee SC 5, Testing and inspection of welds, in collaboration with the European

Committee for Standardization (CEN) Technical Committee CEN/TC 121, Welding and allied processes,

in accordance with the Agreement on technical cooperation between ISO and CEN (Vienna Agreement).

This fourth edition cancels and replaces the third edition (ISO 4136:2012), which has been technically

revised.
The main changes are as follows:

— the prescription of the ambient temperature has been updated to conform with ISO 6892-1;

— Table 1 has been updated and figures have been changed accordingly;
— the diameter of pipes has been clarified;
— the determination of section S has been clarified;
— a Bibliography has been created.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www.iso.org/members.html.
© ISO 2022 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 4136:2022(E)
Destructive tests on welds in metallic materials —
Transverse tensile test
1 Scope

This document specifies the sizes of test specimen and the procedure for carrying out transverse tensile

tests in order to determine the tensile strength and the location of fracture of a welded butt joint.

This document applies to metallic materials in all forms of product with joints made by any welded butt

joint.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 4063, Welding and allied processes — Nomenclature of processes and reference numbers

ISO 6892-1, Metallic materials — Tensile testing — Part 1: Method of test at room temperature

ISO 6892-2, Metallic materials — Tensile testing — Part 2: Method of test at elevated tem

...

NORME ISO
INTERNATIONALE 4136
Quatrième édition
2022-05
Essais destructifs des soudures sur
matériaux métalliques — Essai de
traction transversale
Destructive tests on welds in metallic materials — Transverse tensile
test
Numéro de référence
ISO 4136:2022(F)
© ISO 2022
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO 4136:2022(F)
DOCUMENT PROTÉGÉ PAR COPYRIGHT
© ISO 2022

Tous droits réservés. Sauf prescription différente ou nécessité dans le contexte de sa mise en œuvre, aucune partie de cette

publication ne peut être reproduite ni utilisée sous quelque forme que ce soit et par aucun procédé, électronique ou mécanique,

y compris la photocopie, ou la diffusion sur l’internet ou sur un intranet, sans autorisation écrite préalable. Une autorisation peut

être demandée à l’ISO à l’adresse ci-après ou au comité membre de l’ISO dans le pays du demandeur.

ISO copyright office
Case postale 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Genève
Tél.: +41 22 749 01 11
E-mail: copyright@iso.org
Web: www.iso.org
Publié en Suisse
© ISO 2022 – Tous droits réservés
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO 4136:2022(F)
Sommaire Page

Avant-propos .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

1 Domaine d'application ...................................................................................................................................................................................1

2 Références normatives ..................................................................................................................................................................................1

3 Termes et définitions ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Symboles et termes abrégés ....................................................................................................................................................................1

5 Principe.......................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

6 Préparation des éprouvettes .................................................................................................................................................................. 2

6.1 Prélèvement .............................................................................................................................................................................................. 2

6.2 Marquage ..................................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

6.3 Traitement thermique et/ou vieillissement .................................................................................................................. 3

6.4 Découpage ........................................................................................................................................... ........................................................ 3

6.4.1 Généralités ............................................................................................................................................................................... 3

6.4.2 Acier ............................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

6.4.3 Autres matériaux métalliques ................................................................................................................................ 3

6.5 Usinage .......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

6.5.1 Généralités ............................................................................................................................................................................... 3

6.5.2 Emplacement ......................................................................................................................................................................... 3

6.5.3 Dimensions .............................................................................................................................................................................. 4

6.5.4 Préparation de la surface ............................................................................................................................................ 7

7 Mode opératoire ................................................................................................................................................................................................... 7

8 Résultats d’essai ................................................................................................................................................................................................... 7

8.1 Généralités ................................................................................................................................................................................................. 7

8.2 Position de la rupture ....................................................................................................................................................................... 7

8.3 Examen des surfaces de rupture ............................................................................................................................................ 8

9 Rapport d'essai ...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 8

Annexe A (informative) Exemple d'un rapport d'essai..................................................................................................................... 9

Bibliographie ...........................................................................................................................................................................................................................10

iii
© ISO 2022 – Tous droits réservés
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO 4136:2022(F)
Avant-propos

L'ISO (Organisation internationale de normalisation) est une fédération mondiale d'organismes

nationaux de normalisation (comités membres de l'ISO). L'élaboration des Normes internationales est

en général confiée aux comités techniques de l'ISO. Chaque comité membre intéressé par une étude

a le droit de faire partie du comité technique créé à cet effet. Les organisations internationales,

gouvernementales et non gouvernementales, en liaison avec l'ISO participent également aux travaux.

L'ISO collabore étroitement avec la Commission électrotechnique internationale (IEC) en ce qui

concerne la normalisation électrotechnique.

Les procédures utilisées pour élaborer le présent document et celles destinées à sa mise à jour sont

décrites dans les Directives ISO/IEC, Partie 1. Il convient, en particulier de prendre note des différents

critères d'approbation requis pour les différents types de documents ISO. Le présent document

a été rédigé conformément aux règles de rédaction données dans les Directives ISO/IEC, Partie 2

(voir www.iso.org/directives).

L'attention est attirée sur le fait que certains des éléments du présent document peuvent faire l'objet de

droits de propriété intellectuelle ou de droits analogues. L'ISO ne saurait être tenue pour responsable

de ne pas avoir identifié de tels droits de propriété et averti de leur existence. Les détails concernant

les références aux droits de propriété intellectuelle ou autres droits analogues identifiés lors de

l'élaboration du document sont indiqués dans l'Introduction et/ou dans la liste des déclarations de

brevets reçues par l'ISO (voir www.iso.org/brevets).

Les appellations commerciales éventuellement mentionnées dans le présent document sont données

pour information, par souci de commodité, à l’intention des utilisateurs et ne sauraient constituer un

engagement.

Pour une explication de la nature volontaire des normes, la signification des termes et expressions

spécifiques de l'ISO liés à l'évaluation de la conformité, ou pour toute information au sujet de l'adhésion

de l'ISO aux principes de l’Organisation mondiale du commerce (OMC) concernant les obstacles

techniques au commerce (OTC), voir www.iso.org/avant-propos.

Le présent document a été élaborée par le comité technique ISO/TC 44, Soudage et techniques connexes,

sous-comité SC 5, Essais et contrôle des soudures, en collaboration avec le comité technique CEN/TC 121,

Soudage et techniques connexes, du Comité européen de Normalisation (CEN) conformément à l'Accord

sur la coopération technique entre l'ISO et le CEN (Accord de Vienne).

Cette quatrième édition annule et remplace la troisième édition (ISO 4136:2012), qui a fait l’objet d’une

révision technique.
Les principales modifications sont les suivantes:

— mise à jour de la prescription relative à la température ambiante pour être mise en conformité avec

l’ISO 6892-1;
— mise à jour du Tableau 1 et modification correspondante des figures;
— clarification du diamètre des tubes;
— clarification de la détermination de la section S ;
— adjonction de la bibliographie.

Il convient que l’utilisateur adresse tout retour d’information ou toute question concernant le présent

document à l’organisme national de normalisation de son pays. Une liste exhaustive desdits organismes

se trouve à l’adresse www.iso.org/members.html.

Les interprétations officielles des documents de l'ISO/TC 44, lorsqu'elles existent sont disponibles

depuis la page: https://committee.iso.org/sites/tc44/home/interpretation.html.
© ISO 2022 – Tous droits réservés
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
NORME INTERNATIONALE ISO 4136:2022(F)
Essais destructifs des soudures sur matériaux
métalliques — Essai de traction transversale
1 Domaine d'application

Le présent document spécifie les dimensions des éprouvettes et le mode opératoire d’essai de traction

transversale dans le but de déterminer la résistance à la traction et l’emplacement de la rupture d’un

assemblage soudé bout à bout.

Le présent document s’applique aux assemblages soudés à partir de matériaux métalliques sous toute

forme de livraison, réalisés par tout assemblage soudé bout à bout.
2 Références normatives

Les documents suivants sont cités dans le texte de sorte qu’ils constituent, pour tout ou partie de leur

contenu, des exigences du présent document. Pour les références datées, seule l’édition citée s’applique.

Pour les références non datées, la dernière édition du document de référence s'applique (y compris les

éventuels amendements).

ISO 4063, Soudage et techniques connexes — Nomenclature et numérotation des procédés

ISO 6892-1, Matériaux métalliques — Essai de traction — Partie 1: Méthode d'essai à température ambiante

ISO 6892-2, Matériaux métalliques — Essai de traction — Partie 2: Méthode d'essai à température élevée

3 Termes et définitions
Aucun terme n'est défini dans le présent document.

L’ISO et l’IEC maintiennent des bases de données terminologiques pour utilisation dans le domaine de la

normalisation aux adresses suivantes:

— ISO Online browsing platform: disponible à l’adresse https:// www .iso .org/ obp

— IEC Electropedia: disponibl
...

FINAL
INTERNATIONAL ISO/FDIS
DRAFT
STANDARD 4136
ISO/TC 44/SC 5
Destructive tests on welds in metallic
Secretariat: AFNOR
materials — Transverse tensile test
Voting begins on:
2021-12-21
Essais destructifs des soudures sur matériaux métalliques — Essai de
traction transversale
Voting terminates on:
2022-02-15
ISO/CEN PARALLEL PROCESSING
RECIPIENTS OF THIS DRAFT ARE INVITED TO
SUBMIT, WITH THEIR COMMENTS, NOTIFICATION
OF ANY RELEVANT PATENT RIGHTS OF WHICH
THEY ARE AWARE AND TO PROVIDE SUPPOR TING
DOCUMENTATION.
IN ADDITION TO THEIR EVALUATION AS
Reference number
BEING ACCEPTABLE FOR INDUSTRIAL, TECHNO-
ISO/FDIS 4136:2021(E)
LOGICAL, COMMERCIAL AND USER PURPOSES,
DRAFT INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS MAY ON
OCCASION HAVE TO BE CONSIDERED IN THE
LIGHT OF THEIR POTENTIAL TO BECOME STAN-
DARDS TO WHICH REFERENCE MAY BE MADE IN
NATIONAL REGULATIONS. © ISO 2021
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO/FDIS 4136:2021(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2021

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting on

the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address below

or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO/FDIS 4136:2021(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions .................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Symbols and abbreviated terms..........................................................................................................................................................1

5 Principle ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 2

6 Preparation of test specimens .............................................................................................................................................................. 2

6.1 Location ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 2

6.2 Marking ......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

6.3 Heat treatment and/or ageing .................................................................................................................................................. 2

6.4 Extraction ................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

6.4.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 3

6.4.2 Steel ................................................................................................................................................................................................ 3

6.4.3 Other metallic materials.............................................................................................................................................. 3

6.5 Machining .................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

6.5.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 3

6.5.2 Location ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

6.5.3 Dimensions .............................................................................................................................................................................. 4

6.5.4 Surface preparation ......................................................................................................................................................... 6

7 Test procedure .......................................................................................................................................................................................................6

8 Test results ........................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................... 6

8.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

8.2 Location of fracture ........................................................................................................................................................................... 6

8.3 Examination of fracture surfaces .......................................................................................................................................... 7

9 Test report .................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 7

Annex A (informative) Example of a test report...................................................................................................................................... 8

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 9

iii
© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO/FDIS 4136:2021(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www.iso.org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www.iso.org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to

the World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT), see

www.iso.org/iso/foreword.html.

This document was prepared was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 44, Welding and allied

processes, Subcommittee SC 5, Testing and inspection of welds, in collaboration with the European

Committee for Standardization (CEN) Technical Committee CEN/TC 121, Welding and allied processes,

in accordance with the Agreement on technical cooperation between ISO and CEN (Vienna Agreement).

This fourth edition cancels and replaces the third edition (ISO 4136:2012), which has been technically

revised.
The main changes are as follows:

— the prescription of the ambient temperature has been updated to conform with ISO 6892-1;

— Table 1 has been updated and figures have been changed accordingly;
— the diameter of pipes has been clarified;
— the determination of section S has been clarified;
— a Bibliography has been created.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www.iso.org/members.html.
© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
FINAL DRAFT INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO/FDIS 4136:2021(E)
Destructive tests on welds in metallic materials —
Transverse tensile test
1 Scope

This document specifies the sizes of test specimen and the procedure for carrying out transverse tensile

tests in order to determine the tensile strength and the location of fracture of a welded butt joint.

This document applies to metallic materials in all forms of product with joints made by any welded butt

joint.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 4063, Weldi
...

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