Information and documentation — Bibliographic references — Part 2: Electronic documents or parts thereof

Information et documentation — Références bibliographiques — Partie 2: Documents électroniques, documents complets ou parties de documents

La présente partie de l'ISO 690 précise les éléments à mentionner dans les références bibliographiques aux documents électroniques. Elle détermine un ordre obligatoire pour les éléments de la référence et établit des règles pour la transcription et la présentation de l'information provenant du document électronique source. La présente partie de l'ISO 690 est destinée aux auteurs et aux éditeurs pour l'établissement de listes de références de documents électroniques à inclure dans une bibliographie, et pour la formulation des citations dans le texte correspondant aux entrées de la bibliographie. Elle ne s'applique pas aux descriptions bibliographiques complètes exigées par les bibliothécaires, les bibliographes, les indexeurs, etc.

Informatika in dokumentacija - Bibliografske navedbe - 2. del: Elektronski dokumenti ali njihovi deli

General Information

Status
Withdrawn
Publication Date
05-Nov-1997
Withdrawal Date
05-Nov-1997
Current Stage
9599 - Withdrawal of International Standard
Start Date
14-Jun-2010
Completion Date
14-Jun-2010

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INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 690-2
First edition
1997-11-15
Information and documentation —
Bibliographic references —
Part 2:
Electronic documents or parts thereof
Information et documentation — Références bibliographiques —
Partie 2: Documents électroniques, documents complets ou parties de
documents
Reference number
ISO 690-2:1997(E)
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO 690-2:1997(E)
Contents
Page

1 Scope......................................................................................... 1

2 Normative references ................................................................ 1

3 Definitions .................................................................................. 1

4 Sources of information............................................................... 3

5 Outline of bibliographic references ............................................ 3

5.1 Electronic monographs, databases and computer programs.... 3
Entire document............................................................
5.1.1 3
5.1.2 Parts of electronic monographs, databases or
computer programs ...................................................... 4
5.1.3 Contributions to electronic monographs, databases or
computer programs ...................................................... 5

5.2 Electronic serials........................................................................ 6

5.2.1 Entire serial................................................................... 6

5.2.2 Articles and other contributions .................................... 7
5.3 Electronic bulletin boards, discussion lists and electronic

messages .................................................................................. 7

5.3.1 Entire message system ................................................ 7
5.3.2 Electronic messages..................................................... 8

6 General conventions.................................................................. 8

6.1 Transliteration or romanization .................................................. 8

6.2 Abbreviation ............................................................................... 9

6.3 Capitalization.............................................................................. 9

6.4 Punctuation................................................................................ 9

6.5 Typeface .................................................................................... 9

6.6 Additions or corrections ............................................................. 9

7 Specification of elements........................................................... 9

7.1 Primary responsibility................................................................. 9

7.1.1 Persons and corporate bodies...................................... 9
7.1.2 Presentation of names.................................................. 10

7.1.3 Corporate bodies .......................................................... 10

7.1.4 Two or three names...................................................... 10

© ISO 1997

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced

or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying and

microfilm, without permission in writing from the publisher.
International Organization for Standardization
Case postale 56 • CH-1211 Genève 20 • Switzerland
Internet central@iso.ch
X.400 c=ch; a=400net; p=iso; o=isocs; s=central
Printed in Switzerland
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO ISO 690-2:1997(E)
7.1.5 More than three names................................................. 10
7.1.6 Primary responsibility unknown..................................... 10

7.2 Title ............................................................................................ 10

7.2.1 Presentation.................................................................. 10

7.2.2 Translation .................................................................... 10

7.2.3 More than one title ........................................................ 10

7.2.4 Subtitle .......................................................................... 10

Abridgement..................................................................
7.2.5 11

7.2.6 Title unknown................................................................ 11

7.3 Type of medium ......................................................................... 11

7.4 Subordinate responsibility .......................................................... 11

7.4.1 Persons or corporate bodies with subordinate

responsibility ................................................................. 11

7.4.2 Presentation.................................................................. 11

7.5 Edition ........................................................................................ 11

7.5.1 Presentation.................................................................. 11

7.5.2 Abbreviations and numeric terms ................................. 12

7.6 Issue designation for serials ...................................................... 12

7.6.1 Presentation.................................................................. 12

7.6.2 Designation of the first issue only ................................. 12
7.6.3 Designation of a complete or partial run ....................... 12

7.7 Place of publication.................................................................... 12

7.7.1 Presentation.................................................................. 12

7.7.2 More than one place ..................................................... 12

7.7.3 Place of publication unknown ....................................... 12

7.8 Publisher .................................................................................... 13

Presentation..................................................................
7.8.1 13
7.8.2 More than one publisher ............................................... 13

7.8.3 Publisher unknown........................................................ 13

7.9 Dates.......................................................................................... 13

7.9.1 Presentation.................................................................. 13

7.9.2 Date of publication ........................................................ 13

7.9.3 Date of update/revision ................................................. 14

7.9.4 Date of citation .............................................................. 14

7.10 Series......................................................................................... 14

7.11 Notes.......................................................................................... 14

7.11.1 Physical description ...................................................... 14

7.11.2 Accompanying material................................................. 14

7.11.3 System requirements.................................................... 14

7.11.4 Frequency of publication............................................... 15

7.11.5 Language ...................................................................... 15

7.11.6 Other notes ................................................................... 15

7.12 Availability and access ............................................................... 15

7.12.1 Online documents......................................................... 15

7.12.2 Other availability information......................................... 16

7.13 Standard number ....................................................................... 16

7.14 Component parts and contributions........................................... 16

Parts of electronic documents ......................................
7.14.1 16
7.14.2 Contributions in electronic documents.......................... 16
7.14.3 Numeration within host document or system................ 16
7.14.4 Location within host document...................................... 16
8 Relationship between references and text citations................... 17
Annex

A Bibliography................................................................................ 18

iii
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO 690-2:1997(E) ISO
Foreword
ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide
federation of national standards bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of
preparing International Standards is normally carried out through ISO
technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which
a technical committee has been established has the right to be represented
on that committee. International organizations, governmental and non-
governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work. ISO
collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission
(IEC) on all matters of electrotechnical standardization.
Draft International Standards adopted by the technical committees are
circulated to the member bodies for voting. Publication as an International
Standard requires approval by at least 75 % of the member bodies casting
a vote.
International Standard ISO 690-2 was prepared by Technical Committee
ISO/TC 46, Information and documentation, Subcommittee SC 9,
Presentation, identification and description of documents.
ISO 690 consists of the following parts, under the general title Information
and documentation — Bibliographic references:
— ISO 690: Documentation — Bibliographic references — Content, form
and structure
NOTE — ISO 690 will be revised as ISO 690-1.
— Part 2: Electronic documents or parts thereof
Annex A of this part of ISO 690 is for information only.
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
ISO ISO 690-2:1997(E)
Introduction
An increasing number of publications and other documents are appearing
in electronic form and are created, maintained, and disseminated on a
computer system. An electronic document may be fixed and unchange-
able, or it may take advantage of its computer environment to allow
modifications in both form and content. An electronic document may or
may not have a paper or other form of equivalent. In spite of the complexity
of these documents, scholars, researchers, and others need to create
references to these electronic resources in order to document their
research. This part of ISO 690 provides guidance on the creation of those
bibliographic references.
Although an electronic document may stylistically resemble a print
publication (such as a monograph, a serial, or an article or chapter), the
physical characteristics inherent in printed publications may not appear in
the electronic form. For instance, the existence of volumes, issues, and
pages is essential to print formats, but not to electronic ones. A growing
amount of scholarly communication through large telecommunications
networks seems to fall somewhere between published articles and
personal correspondence. Features that allow a user to move at will from
one point in an electronic document to another point, or even to another
document, add a complication not found in the traditional linear nature of
print formats.
Although a correspondence may be made between some print publications
and some electronic documents, electronic documents have their own
identity as computer programs, databases, files, or records which exist in a
machine-readable format, such as online, on CD-ROM, on magnetic tape,
on disk, or on another electronic storage medium. Bibliographic references
to these electronic documents must reflect that identity, not one of paper
surrogates.
New formats and technologies for electronic documents will continue to
develop. As such developments evolve into widespread international
usage, this part of ISO 690 will be amended, where necessary, to
accommodate new forms and features of electronic documents.
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO ISO 690-2:1997(E)
Information and documentation — Bibliographic references —
Part 2:
Electronic documents or parts thereof
1 Scope

This part of ISO 690 specifies the elements to be included in bibliographic references to electronic documents. It

sets out a prescribed order for the elements of the reference and establishes conventions for the transcription and

presentation of information derived from the source electronic document.

This part of ISO 690 is intended for use by authors and editors in the compilation of references to electronic

documents for inclusion in a bibliography, and in the formulation of citations within the text corresponding to the

entries in that bibliography. It does not apply to full bibliographic descriptions as required by librarians, descriptive

and analytic bibliographers, indexers, etc.
2 Normative references

The following standards contain provisions which, through reference in this text, constitute provisions of this part of

ISO 690. At the time of publication, the editions indicated were valid. All standards are subject to revision, and

parties to agreements based on this part of ISO 690 are encouraged to investigate the possibility of applying the

most recent editions of the standards indicated below. Members of IEC and ISO maintain registers of currently valid

International Standards.

ISO 4:1984, Documentation -- Rules for the abbreviation of title words and titles of publications.

ISO 639:1988, Code for the representation of names of languages.

ISO 690:1987, Documentation -- Bibliographic references -- Content, form and structure.

ISO 832:1994, Information and documentation -- Bibliographic description and references -- Rules for the

abbreviation of bibliographic terms.

ISO 8601:1988, Date elements and interchange formats -- Information interchange -- Representation of dates and

times.
3 Definitions
For the purposes of this part of ISO 690, the following definitions apply.

3.1 author: Person or corporate body responsible for the intellectual or artistic content of a document.

[ISO 690:1987]
(French term: auteur)

3.2 bulletin board: Computer system in which information and messages concerning a given topic or topics

are made available for viewing by remote users who access the system.
(French term: babillard électronique)
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
ISO 690-2:1997(E) ISO

3.3 computer program: Schedule or plan that specifies actions expressed in a form suitable for execution by a

computer. [ISO/TR 9544:1988]
(French term: programme informatique)

3.4 contribution: Independent unit forming part of a document. [Adapted from ISO 690:1987]

(French term: contribution)

3.5 database: Collection of data objects stored together, in electronic form, according to one schema and

made accessible by computer.

NOTE - Some databases, or files within a database, may also constitute a monograph or serial publication. In cases

where it can be readily determined that a specific electronic document is a monograph or serial, those terms should

normally be preferred over the broader term "database".
(French term: base de données)

3.6 discussion list: Discussion group on a given topic or topics that takes place over a computer network

among subscribers to an electronic mailing list and in which the contributions from individual participants

are sent automatically as electronic messages to the entire list of subscribers.
(French term: forum de discussion)

3.7 document: Recorded information which can be treated as a unit in a documentation process regardless of

its physical form and characteristics. [Adapted from ISO 5127/1:1983]
(French term: document)

3.8 edition: Whole set of copies of a document whose data corresponds in all respects to a single copy used

as a master (see also: version).
(French term: édition)

3.9 electronic document: Document existing in an electronic form to be accessed by computer technology.

(French term: document électronique)

3.10 electronic message system: System that transmits messages in electronic form over a communications

network of computers.
(French term: système de communication électronique)
3.11 file: Organized collection of data, usually comprising related records.
(French term: fichier)

3.12 host document: Document containing contributions or separately identifiable component parts that are not

physically or bibliographically independent. [ISO 690:1987]
(French term: document hôte)

3.13 monograph: Non-serial bibliographic item, i.e. an item either complete in one part or complete (or intended

to be completed) in a finite number of separate parts. [ISO 690:1987]
(French term: monographie)

3.14 publisher: Person or organization responsible for the production and dissemination of a document.

[ISO 5127/3a:1981]
(French term: éditeur)
3.15 record: Group of data usually treated as a unit; subset of a file.
(French term: enregistrement)
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
ISO ISO 690-2:1997(E)

3.16 serial: Publication, in any medium, issued in successive parts, usually having numeric or chronological

designations, and intended to be continued indefinitely. [Adapted from ISO 3297:1986]

(French term: publication en série)

Word or phrase, usually appearing on the document, by which it is convenient to refer to it, which may

3.17 title:

be used to identify it, and which often (though not invariably) distinguishes it from any other document.

[ISO 690:1987]
(French term: titre)

3.18 version: Form of a document which has been modified without changing the identity of the document (see

also: edition).
(French term: version)
4 Sources of information

The principal source of data contained in a reference is the item itself. The elements of the reference come from the

electronic document itself or from accompanying documentation; in no case shall the reference require information

that is not available from the source consulted.

The data recorded in the reference shall refer to the specific copy of the document that was seen or used. For

example, the data in a bibliographic reference to a document on the Internet shall reflect the title, dates, location

information, etc. for the particular version that was seen and the particular network location from which that version

was accessed.

The preferred source of data within the item is the screen that displays the title or its equivalent (e.g., the initial

screen display that follows sign-on or that carries the copyright notice). If the electronic document lacks such a

screen, the necessary data may be taken from an alternative source, such as accompanying documentation or the

container.
5 Outline of bibliographic references

The outlines that follow are designed to identify the constituent elements of bibliographic references to electronic

documents and to establish a standard order or sequence for the presentation of those elements. The outlines

cover references to databases, computer programs, electronic monographs, serials, bulletin boards and other

electronic message systems, and parts of or contributions thereto. The same general framework applies to all these

documents but those that have characteristics which are peculiar to their form of publication are dealt with in

separate sections.

Required and optional bibliographic elements are indicated as such in parentheses following the name of the

element.

Elements are required only if they are applicable to the item being cited and the information is readily

available from the document itself or its accompanying material. It is recommended that elements listed as

optional should also be included in the reference if the information is readily available.

Specifications relating to each of the elements listed in these outlines are given in clause 7.

5.1 Electronic monographs, databases and computer programs
5.1.1 Entire document
Element:
Primary responsibility (Required
Required
Title ( )
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
ISO 690-2:1997(E) ISO
Type of medium (Required)
Optional
Subordinate responsibility ( )
Edition (Required)
Place of publication (Required)
Publisher (Required)
Date of publication (Required)
Required
Date of update/revision ( )
Date of citation (Required for online documents; Optional for others)
Series (Optional)
Notes (Optional)
Availability and access (Required for online documents; Optional for others)
Required
Standard number ( )
EXAMPLES

1 CARROLL, Lewis. Alice's Adventures in Wonderland [online]. Texinfo ed. 2.1. [Dortmund,

Germany]: WindSpiel, November 1994 [cited 10 February 1995]. Available from World Wide Web:

. Also available in PostScript and ASCII

versions from Internet: .

2 Meeting Agenda [online]. Gif-sur-Yvette (France): Centre d'Etudes Nucléaires/Saclay, Service de

Documentation, March 1991- [cited 30 September 1992]. Updated bimonthly. ASCII format.

Available from QUESTEL.
Kirk-Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology
3 [online]. 3rd ed. New York: John Wiley, 1984

[cited 3 January 1990]. Available from DIALOG Information Services, Palo Alto (Calif.).

Where in the World Is Carmen Sandiego?
4 AXWORTHY, Glenn. [disk]. Version for IBM/Tandy. San

Rafael (Calif.): Broderbund Software, 1985. 1 computer disk; 5 1/4 in. Accompanied by: 1986 World

Almanac and Book of Facts. System requirements: IBM/Tandy compatibles; 128 kB RAM; MS DOS

2.0, 3.0 series; graphics adapter required. Designers: Gene Portwood and Lauren Elliott.

5.1.2 Parts of electronic monographs, databases or computer programs

In general, parts are dependent portions of a document which require the context supplied by the host document. If

the item being referenced can be treated as an independent unit without loss of meaning, it should be referenced as

a contribution (see 5.1.3).
Element:
Primary responsibility (of host document) (Required)
Required
Title (of host document) ( )
Required
Type of medium ( )
Subordinate responsibility (of host document) (Optional)
Edition (Required)
Place of publication (Required)
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
ISO ISO 690-2:1997(E)
Publisher (Required)
Required
Date of publication ( )
Date of update/revision (Required)
Date of citation (Required for online documents; Optional for others)
Chapter or equivalent designation (of part) (Required)
Title (of part) (Required)
Optional
Numeration within host document ( )
Location within host document (Required)
Notes (Optional)
Availability and access (Required for online documents; Optional for others)
Standard number (Required)
EXAMPLES
World Factbook
1 [CD-ROM]. [Washington, D.C.]: Central Intelligence Agency, 1990. Spain vital
statistics. ID number: CI WOFACT 1206.

2 ICC British Company Financial Datasheets [online]. Hampton (Middlesex, U.K.): ICC Online, 1992,

updated 3 March 1992 [cited 11 March 1992]. Robert Maxwell Group PLC. Accession no.

01209277. Available from DIALOG Information Services, Palo Alto (Calif.).

3 CARROLL, Lewis. Alice's Adventures in Wonderland [online]. Texinfo. ed. 2.2. [Dortmund,

Germany]: WindSpiel, November 1994 [cited 30 March 1995]. Chapter VII. A Mad Tea-Party.

Available from World Wide Web: .

5.1.3 Contributions to electronic monographs, databases or computer programs
Element:
Required
Primary responsibility (of contribution) ( )
Title (of contribution) (Required)
Primary responsibility (of host document) (Required)
Title (of host document) (Required)
Required
Type of medium ( )
Optional
Subordinate responsibility of host document ( )
Edition (Required)
Place of publication (Required)
Publisher (Required)
Required
Date of publication ( )
Required
Date of update/revision ( )
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
ISO 690-2:1997(E) ISO
Date of citation (Required for online documents; Optional for others)
Optional
Numeration within host document ( )
Location within host document (Required)
Notes (Optional)
Availability and access (Required for online documents; Optional for others)
Standard number (Required)
EXAMPLES

1 ZHUKOVSKY, Vladimir; ITKIN, Vladimir; and CHERNENKO, Lev. Helicopters over the Crater. In

Current Digest of the Soviet Press
[online]. Columbus (Ohio): Current Digest of the Soviet Press,

11 June 1986 [cited 14 February 1991]. Accession no. 0008752. Available from DIALOG

Information Services, Palo Alto (Calif.).

2 Belle de Jour. In Magill's Survey of Cinema [online]. Pasadena (Calif.): Salem Press, 1985- [cited

1994-08-04]. Accession no. 0050053. Available from DIALOG Information Services, Palo Alto

(Calif.).

3 MCCONNELL, W.H. Constitutional History. In The Canadian Encyclopedia [CD-ROM]. Macintosh

version 1.1. Toronto: McClelland & Stewart, c.1993. ISBN 0-7710-1932-7.
5.2 Electronic serials
5.2.1 Entire serial
Element:
Title (Required)
Required
Type of medium ( )
Required
Edition ( )
Place of publication (Required)
Publisher (Required)
Date of publication (Required)
Required for online documents; Optional for others
Date of citation ( )
(Optional
Series )
Notes (Optional)
Availability and access (Required for online documents; Optional for others)
Standard number (Required)
EXAMPLES
Journal of Technology Education
1 [online]. Blacksburg (Va.): Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State
University, 1989- [cited 15 March 1995]. Semi-annual. Available from Internet:
. ISSN 1045-1064.
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
ISO ISO 690-2:1997(E)

2 Profile Canada [CD-ROM]. Toronto: Micromedia, 1993- . The Canadian Connection. Accompanied

by: user's guide. System requirements: IBM PC or compatible; MPC Standard CD-ROM drive; DOS

3.30 or higher; 490 kB RAM; MS-DOS Extensions 2.1 or higher. Quarterly.
5.2.2 Articles and other contributions
Element:
Required
Primary responsibility (of contribution) ( )
Required
Title (of contribution ) ( )
Required
Title (of serial) ( )
Type of medium (Required)
Edition (Required)
Issue designation (Required)
Date of update/revision (Required)
Date of citation (Required for online documents; Optional for others)
Required
Location within host document ( )
Optional
Notes ( )
Required for online documents; Optional for others
Availability and access ( )
Standard number (Required)
EXAMPLES

1 STONE, Nan. The Globalization of Europe. Harvard Business Review [online]. May-June 1989

[cited 3 September 1990]. Available from BRS Information Technologies, McLean (Va.).

2 PRICE-WILKIN, John. Using the World-Wide Web to Deliver Complex Electronic Documents:

Implications for Libraries. The Public-Access Computer Systems Review [online]. 1994, vol. 5, no. 3

[cited 1994-07-28], pp. 5-21. Available from Internet: e-journals/uhlibrary/pacsreview/v5/n3/pricewil.5n3>. ISSN 1048-6542.
5.3 Electronic bulletin boards, discussion lists and electronic messages
5.3.1 Entire message system
Element:
Required
Title ( )
Type of medium (Required)
Place of publication (Required)
Publisher (Required)
Date of publication (Required)
Date of citation (Required)
Optional
Notes ( )
Required
Availability and access ( )
---------------------- Page: 12 ----------------------
ISO 690-2:1997(E) ISO
EXAMPLES
PACS-L (Public Access Computer Systems Forum)
1 [online]. Houston (Tex.): University of Houston

Libraries, June 1989- [cited May 17, 1995]. Available from Internet: listserv@uhupvm1.uh.edu.

Federal Depository Library Program Files (/GO Depository)
2 [online]. Washington, D.C.: Government

Printing Office [cited 1995-02-15]. Available from Internet: .

5.3.2 Electronic messages
Element:
Required
Primary responsibility (of message) ( )
Required
Title (of message) ( )
Title (of host message system) (Required)
Type of medium (Required)
Subordinate responsibility/Recipient(s) (Optional)
Required
Place of publication ( )
Required
Publisher ( )
Date of publication (Required)

NOTE - For personal or unpublished communications, give the date the message was sent.

Date of citation (Required)
Numeration within host message system (Optional)
Required
Location within host message system ( )
Required, except for personal or unpublished communications
Availability and access ( )
Notes (Optional)
EXAMPLES

1 PARKER, Elliott. Re: Citing Electronic Journals. In PACS-L (Public Access Computer Systems Forum)

[online]. Houston (Tex.): University of Houston Libraries, 24 November 1989; 13:29:35 CST [cited 1 January

1995; 16:15 EST]. Available from Internet: .
Your Request for Information about ISO Standards.
2 PRITCHARD, Sarah. [online]. Message to: Margaret
MORRISON. 18 February 1995 [cited 3 March 1995]. Personal communication.
6 General conventions

The data included in the bibliographic reference shall normally be transcribed as given in the source document.

Stylistic details such as capitalization and punctuation, however, are not necessarily reproduced in the transcription.

The general conventions applying to these formal and stylistic details are outlined below.

6.1 Transliteration or romanization

The transliteration or romanization of any data derived from the source document shall be in accordance with the

appropriate International Standard.

The transliterated form may either replace the form used in the original document, or be added to it, enclosed in

square brackets.
---------------------- Page: 13 ----------------------
ISO ISO 690-2:1997(E)
6.2 Abbreviation

Forenames that form part of an author's, editor's name, etc., may be reduced to initials, provided that the identity of

the person is not obscured by so doing.

Names of states, provinces, countries, etc., added to local place names in the publication element (see 7.7.1) or to

the names of corporate bodies as qualifiers (see 7.1.3) may be abbreviated in accordance with accepted practice.

Titles of serials may be abbreviated, pro
...

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST ISO 690-2:2003
01-november-2003
Informatika in dokumentacija - Bibliografske navedbe - 2. del: Elektronski
dokumenti ali njihovi deli
Information and documentation -- Bibliographic references -- Part 2: Electronic
documents or parts thereof

Information et documentation -- Références bibliographiques -- Partie 2: Documents

électroniques, documents complets ou parties de documents
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: ISO 690-2:1997
ICS:
01.140.20 Informacijske vede Information sciences
SIST ISO 690-2:2003 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST ISO 690-2:2003
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST ISO 690-2:2003
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 690-2
First edition
1997-11-15
Information and documentation —
Bibliographic references —
Part 2:
Electronic documents or parts thereof
Information et documentation — Références bibliographiques —
Partie 2: Documents électroniques, documents complets ou parties de
documents
Reference number
ISO 690-2:1997(E)
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST ISO 690-2:2003
ISO 690-2:1997(E)
Contents
Page

1 Scope......................................................................................... 1

2 Normative references ................................................................ 1

3 Definitions .................................................................................. 1

4 Sources of information............................................................... 3

5 Outline of bibliographic references ............................................ 3

5.1 Electronic monographs, databases and computer programs.... 3
Entire document............................................................
5.1.1 3
5.1.2 Parts of electronic monographs, databases or
computer programs ...................................................... 4
5.1.3 Contributions to electronic monographs, databases or
computer programs ...................................................... 5

5.2 Electronic serials........................................................................ 6

5.2.1 Entire serial................................................................... 6

5.2.2 Articles and other contributions .................................... 7
5.3 Electronic bulletin boards, discussion lists and electronic

messages .................................................................................. 7

5.3.1 Entire message system ................................................ 7
5.3.2 Electronic messages..................................................... 8

6 General conventions.................................................................. 8

6.1 Transliteration or romanization .................................................. 8

6.2 Abbreviation ............................................................................... 9

6.3 Capitalization.............................................................................. 9

6.4 Punctuation................................................................................ 9

6.5 Typeface .................................................................................... 9

6.6 Additions or corrections ............................................................. 9

7 Specification of elements........................................................... 9

7.1 Primary responsibility................................................................. 9

7.1.1 Persons and corporate bodies...................................... 9
7.1.2 Presentation of names.................................................. 10

7.1.3 Corporate bodies .......................................................... 10

7.1.4 Two or three names...................................................... 10

© ISO 1997

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced

or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying and

microfilm, without permission in writing from the publisher.
International Organization for Standardization
Case postale 56 • CH-1211 Genève 20 • Switzerland
Internet central@iso.ch
X.400 c=ch; a=400net; p=iso; o=isocs; s=central
Printed in Switzerland
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SIST ISO 690-2:2003
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7.1.5 More than three names................................................. 10
7.1.6 Primary responsibility unknown..................................... 10

7.2 Title ............................................................................................ 10

7.2.1 Presentation.................................................................. 10

7.2.2 Translation .................................................................... 10

7.2.3 More than one title ........................................................ 10

7.2.4 Subtitle .......................................................................... 10

Abridgement..................................................................
7.2.5 11

7.2.6 Title unknown................................................................ 11

7.3 Type of medium ......................................................................... 11

7.4 Subordinate responsibility .......................................................... 11

7.4.1 Persons or corporate bodies with subordinate

responsibility ................................................................. 11

7.4.2 Presentation.................................................................. 11

7.5 Edition ........................................................................................ 11

7.5.1 Presentation.................................................................. 11

7.5.2 Abbreviations and numeric terms ................................. 12

7.6 Issue designation for serials ...................................................... 12

7.6.1 Presentation.................................................................. 12

7.6.2 Designation of the first issue only ................................. 12
7.6.3 Designation of a complete or partial run ....................... 12

7.7 Place of publication.................................................................... 12

7.7.1 Presentation.................................................................. 12

7.7.2 More than one place ..................................................... 12

7.7.3 Place of publication unknown ....................................... 12

7.8 Publisher .................................................................................... 13

Presentation..................................................................
7.8.1 13
7.8.2 More than one publisher ............................................... 13

7.8.3 Publisher unknown........................................................ 13

7.9 Dates.......................................................................................... 13

7.9.1 Presentation.................................................................. 13

7.9.2 Date of publication ........................................................ 13

7.9.3 Date of update/revision ................................................. 14

7.9.4 Date of citation .............................................................. 14

7.10 Series......................................................................................... 14

7.11 Notes.......................................................................................... 14

7.11.1 Physical description ...................................................... 14

7.11.2 Accompanying material................................................. 14

7.11.3 System requirements.................................................... 14

7.11.4 Frequency of publication............................................... 15

7.11.5 Language ...................................................................... 15

7.11.6 Other notes ................................................................... 15

7.12 Availability and access ............................................................... 15

7.12.1 Online documents......................................................... 15

7.12.2 Other availability information......................................... 16

7.13 Standard number ....................................................................... 16

7.14 Component parts and contributions........................................... 16

Parts of electronic documents ......................................
7.14.1 16
7.14.2 Contributions in electronic documents.......................... 16
7.14.3 Numeration within host document or system................ 16
7.14.4 Location within host document...................................... 16
8 Relationship between references and text citations................... 17
Annex

A Bibliography................................................................................ 18

iii
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Foreword
ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide
federation of national standards bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of
preparing International Standards is normally carried out through ISO
technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which
a technical committee has been established has the right to be represented
on that committee. International organizations, governmental and non-
governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work. ISO
collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission
(IEC) on all matters of electrotechnical standardization.
Draft International Standards adopted by the technical committees are
circulated to the member bodies for voting. Publication as an International
Standard requires approval by at least 75 % of the member bodies casting
a vote.
International Standard ISO 690-2 was prepared by Technical Committee
ISO/TC 46, Information and documentation, Subcommittee SC 9,
Presentation, identification and description of documents.
ISO 690 consists of the following parts, under the general title Information
and documentation — Bibliographic references:
— ISO 690: Documentation — Bibliographic references — Content, form
and structure
NOTE — ISO 690 will be revised as ISO 690-1.
— Part 2: Electronic documents or parts thereof
Annex A of this part of ISO 690 is for information only.
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Introduction
An increasing number of publications and other documents are appearing
in electronic form and are created, maintained, and disseminated on a
computer system. An electronic document may be fixed and unchange-
able, or it may take advantage of its computer environment to allow
modifications in both form and content. An electronic document may or
may not have a paper or other form of equivalent. In spite of the complexity
of these documents, scholars, researchers, and others need to create
references to these electronic resources in order to document their
research. This part of ISO 690 provides guidance on the creation of those
bibliographic references.
Although an electronic document may stylistically resemble a print
publication (such as a monograph, a serial, or an article or chapter), the
physical characteristics inherent in printed publications may not appear in
the electronic form. For instance, the existence of volumes, issues, and
pages is essential to print formats, but not to electronic ones. A growing
amount of scholarly communication through large telecommunications
networks seems to fall somewhere between published articles and
personal correspondence. Features that allow a user to move at will from
one point in an electronic document to another point, or even to another
document, add a complication not found in the traditional linear nature of
print formats.
Although a correspondence may be made between some print publications
and some electronic documents, electronic documents have their own
identity as computer programs, databases, files, or records which exist in a
machine-readable format, such as online, on CD-ROM, on magnetic tape,
on disk, or on another electronic storage medium. Bibliographic references
to these electronic documents must reflect that identity, not one of paper
surrogates.
New formats and technologies for electronic documents will continue to
develop. As such developments evolve into widespread international
usage, this part of ISO 690 will be amended, where necessary, to
accommodate new forms and features of electronic documents.
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SIST ISO 690-2:2003
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO ISO 690-2:1997(E)
Information and documentation — Bibliographic references —
Part 2:
Electronic documents or parts thereof
1 Scope

This part of ISO 690 specifies the elements to be included in bibliographic references to electronic documents. It

sets out a prescribed order for the elements of the reference and establishes conventions for the transcription and

presentation of information derived from the source electronic document.

This part of ISO 690 is intended for use by authors and editors in the compilation of references to electronic

documents for inclusion in a bibliography, and in the formulation of citations within the text corresponding to the

entries in that bibliography. It does not apply to full bibliographic descriptions as required by librarians, descriptive

and analytic bibliographers, indexers, etc.
2 Normative references

The following standards contain provisions which, through reference in this text, constitute provisions of this part of

ISO 690. At the time of publication, the editions indicated were valid. All standards are subject to revision, and

parties to agreements based on this part of ISO 690 are encouraged to investigate the possibility of applying the

most recent editions of the standards indicated below. Members of IEC and ISO maintain registers of currently valid

International Standards.

ISO 4:1984, Documentation -- Rules for the abbreviation of title words and titles of publications.

ISO 639:1988, Code for the representation of names of languages.

ISO 690:1987, Documentation -- Bibliographic references -- Content, form and structure.

ISO 832:1994, Information and documentation -- Bibliographic description and references -- Rules for the

abbreviation of bibliographic terms.

ISO 8601:1988, Date elements and interchange formats -- Information interchange -- Representation of dates and

times.
3 Definitions
For the purposes of this part of ISO 690, the following definitions apply.

3.1 author: Person or corporate body responsible for the intellectual or artistic content of a document.

[ISO 690:1987]
(French term: auteur)

3.2 bulletin board: Computer system in which information and messages concerning a given topic or topics

are made available for viewing by remote users who access the system.
(French term: babillard électronique)
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3.3 computer program: Schedule or plan that specifies actions expressed in a form suitable for execution by a

computer. [ISO/TR 9544:1988]
(French term: programme informatique)

3.4 contribution: Independent unit forming part of a document. [Adapted from ISO 690:1987]

(French term: contribution)

3.5 database: Collection of data objects stored together, in electronic form, according to one schema and

made accessible by computer.

NOTE - Some databases, or files within a database, may also constitute a monograph or serial publication. In cases

where it can be readily determined that a specific electronic document is a monograph or serial, those terms should

normally be preferred over the broader term "database".
(French term: base de données)

3.6 discussion list: Discussion group on a given topic or topics that takes place over a computer network

among subscribers to an electronic mailing list and in which the contributions from individual participants

are sent automatically as electronic messages to the entire list of subscribers.
(French term: forum de discussion)

3.7 document: Recorded information which can be treated as a unit in a documentation process regardless of

its physical form and characteristics. [Adapted from ISO 5127/1:1983]
(French term: document)

3.8 edition: Whole set of copies of a document whose data corresponds in all respects to a single copy used

as a master (see also: version).
(French term: édition)

3.9 electronic document: Document existing in an electronic form to be accessed by computer technology.

(French term: document électronique)

3.10 electronic message system: System that transmits messages in electronic form over a communications

network of computers.
(French term: système de communication électronique)
3.11 file: Organized collection of data, usually comprising related records.
(French term: fichier)

3.12 host document: Document containing contributions or separately identifiable component parts that are not

physically or bibliographically independent. [ISO 690:1987]
(French term: document hôte)

3.13 monograph: Non-serial bibliographic item, i.e. an item either complete in one part or complete (or intended

to be completed) in a finite number of separate parts. [ISO 690:1987]
(French term: monographie)

3.14 publisher: Person or organization responsible for the production and dissemination of a document.

[ISO 5127/3a:1981]
(French term: éditeur)
3.15 record: Group of data usually treated as a unit; subset of a file.
(French term: enregistrement)
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3.16 serial: Publication, in any medium, issued in successive parts, usually having numeric or chronological

designations, and intended to be continued indefinitely. [Adapted from ISO 3297:1986]

(French term: publication en série)

Word or phrase, usually appearing on the document, by which it is convenient to refer to it, which may

3.17 title:

be used to identify it, and which often (though not invariably) distinguishes it from any other document.

[ISO 690:1987]
(French term: titre)

3.18 version: Form of a document which has been modified without changing the identity of the document (see

also: edition).
(French term: version)
4 Sources of information

The principal source of data contained in a reference is the item itself. The elements of the reference come from the

electronic document itself or from accompanying documentation; in no case shall the reference require information

that is not available from the source consulted.

The data recorded in the reference shall refer to the specific copy of the document that was seen or used. For

example, the data in a bibliographic reference to a document on the Internet shall reflect the title, dates, location

information, etc. for the particular version that was seen and the particular network location from which that version

was accessed.

The preferred source of data within the item is the screen that displays the title or its equivalent (e.g., the initial

screen display that follows sign-on or that carries the copyright notice). If the electronic document lacks such a

screen, the necessary data may be taken from an alternative source, such as accompanying documentation or the

container.
5 Outline of bibliographic references

The outlines that follow are designed to identify the constituent elements of bibliographic references to electronic

documents and to establish a standard order or sequence for the presentation of those elements. The outlines

cover references to databases, computer programs, electronic monographs, serials, bulletin boards and other

electronic message systems, and parts of or contributions thereto. The same general framework applies to all these

documents but those that have characteristics which are peculiar to their form of publication are dealt with in

separate sections.

Required and optional bibliographic elements are indicated as such in parentheses following the name of the

element.

Elements are required only if they are applicable to the item being cited and the information is readily

available from the document itself or its accompanying material. It is recommended that elements listed as

optional should also be included in the reference if the information is readily available.

Specifications relating to each of the elements listed in these outlines are given in clause 7.

5.1 Electronic monographs, databases and computer programs
5.1.1 Entire document
Element:
Primary responsibility (Required
Required
Title ( )
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Type of medium (Required)
Optional
Subordinate responsibility ( )
Edition (Required)
Place of publication (Required)
Publisher (Required)
Date of publication (Required)
Required
Date of update/revision ( )
Date of citation (Required for online documents; Optional for others)
Series (Optional)
Notes (Optional)
Availability and access (Required for online documents; Optional for others)
Required
Standard number ( )
EXAMPLES

1 CARROLL, Lewis. Alice's Adventures in Wonderland [online]. Texinfo ed. 2.1. [Dortmund,

Germany]: WindSpiel, November 1994 [cited 10 February 1995]. Available from World Wide Web:

. Also available in PostScript and ASCII

versions from Internet: .

2 Meeting Agenda [online]. Gif-sur-Yvette (France): Centre d'Etudes Nucléaires/Saclay, Service de

Documentation, March 1991- [cited 30 September 1992]. Updated bimonthly. ASCII format.

Available from QUESTEL.
Kirk-Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology
3 [online]. 3rd ed. New York: John Wiley, 1984

[cited 3 January 1990]. Available from DIALOG Information Services, Palo Alto (Calif.).

Where in the World Is Carmen Sandiego?
4 AXWORTHY, Glenn. [disk]. Version for IBM/Tandy. San

Rafael (Calif.): Broderbund Software, 1985. 1 computer disk; 5 1/4 in. Accompanied by: 1986 World

Almanac and Book of Facts. System requirements: IBM/Tandy compatibles; 128 kB RAM; MS DOS

2.0, 3.0 series; graphics adapter required. Designers: Gene Portwood and Lauren Elliott.

5.1.2 Parts of electronic monographs, databases or computer programs

In general, parts are dependent portions of a document which require the context supplied by the host document. If

the item being referenced can be treated as an independent unit without loss of meaning, it should be referenced as

a contribution (see 5.1.3).
Element:
Primary responsibility (of host document) (Required)
Required
Title (of host document) ( )
Required
Type of medium ( )
Subordinate responsibility (of host document) (Optional)
Edition (Required)
Place of publication (Required)
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Publisher (Required)
Required
Date of publication ( )
Date of update/revision (Required)
Date of citation (Required for online documents; Optional for others)
Chapter or equivalent designation (of part) (Required)
Title (of part) (Required)
Optional
Numeration within host document ( )
Location within host document (Required)
Notes (Optional)
Availability and access (Required for online documents; Optional for others)
Standard number (Required)
EXAMPLES
World Factbook
1 [CD-ROM]. [Washington, D.C.]: Central Intelligence Agency, 1990. Spain vital
statistics. ID number: CI WOFACT 1206.

2 ICC British Company Financial Datasheets [online]. Hampton (Middlesex, U.K.): ICC Online, 1992,

updated 3 March 1992 [cited 11 March 1992]. Robert Maxwell Group PLC. Accession no.

01209277. Available from DIALOG Information Services, Palo Alto (Calif.).

3 CARROLL, Lewis. Alice's Adventures in Wonderland [online]. Texinfo. ed. 2.2. [Dortmund,

Germany]: WindSpiel, November 1994 [cited 30 March 1995]. Chapter VII. A Mad Tea-Party.

Available from World Wide Web: .

5.1.3 Contributions to electronic monographs, databases or computer programs
Element:
Required
Primary responsibility (of contribution) ( )
Title (of contribution) (Required)
Primary responsibility (of host document) (Required)
Title (of host document) (Required)
Required
Type of medium ( )
Optional
Subordinate responsibility of host document ( )
Edition (Required)
Place of publication (Required)
Publisher (Required)
Required
Date of publication ( )
Required
Date of update/revision ( )
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Date of citation (Required for online documents; Optional for others)
Optional
Numeration within host document ( )
Location within host document (Required)
Notes (Optional)
Availability and access (Required for online documents; Optional for others)
Standard number (Required)
EXAMPLES

1 ZHUKOVSKY, Vladimir; ITKIN, Vladimir; and CHERNENKO, Lev. Helicopters over the Crater. In

Current Digest of the Soviet Press
[online]. Columbus (Ohio): Current Digest of the Soviet Press,

11 June 1986 [cited 14 February 1991]. Accession no. 0008752. Available from DIALOG

Information Services, Palo Alto (Calif.).

2 Belle de Jour. In Magill's Survey of Cinema [online]. Pasadena (Calif.): Salem Press, 1985- [cited

1994-08-04]. Accession no. 0050053. Available from DIALOG Information Services, Palo Alto

(Calif.).

3 MCCONNELL, W.H. Constitutional History. In The Canadian Encyclopedia [CD-ROM]. Macintosh

version 1.1. Toronto: McClelland & Stewart, c.1993. ISBN 0-7710-1932-7.
5.2 Electronic serials
5.2.1 Entire serial
Element:
Title (Required)
Required
Type of medium ( )
Required
Edition ( )
Place of publication (Required)
Publisher (Required)
Date of publication (Required)
Required for online documents; Optional for others
Date of citation ( )
(Optional
Series )
Notes (Optional)
Availability and access (Required for online documents; Optional for others)
Standard number (Required)
EXAMPLES
Journal of Technology Education
1 [online]. Blacksburg (Va.): Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State
University, 1989- [cited 15 March 1995]. Semi-annual. Available from Internet:
. ISSN 1045-1064.
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2 Profile Canada [CD-ROM]. Toronto: Micromedia, 1993- . The Canadian Connection. Accompanied

by: user's guide. System requirements: IBM PC or compatible; MPC Standard CD-ROM drive; DOS

3.30 or higher; 490 kB RAM; MS-DOS Extensions 2.1 or higher. Quarterly.
5.2.2 Articles and other contributions
Element:
Required
Primary responsibility (of contribution) ( )
Required
Title (of contribution ) ( )
Required
Title (of serial) ( )
Type of medium (Required)
Edition (Required)
Issue designation (Required)
Date of update/revision (Required)
Date of citation (Required for online documents; Optional for others)
Required
Location within host document ( )
Optional
Notes ( )
Required for online documents; Optional for others
Availability and access ( )
Standard number (Required)
EXAMPLES

1 STONE, Nan. The Globalization of Europe. Harvard Business Review [online]. May-June 1989

[cited 3 September 1990]. Available from BRS Information Technologies, McLean (Va.).

2 PRICE-WILKIN, John. Using the World-Wide Web to Deliver Complex Electronic Documents:

Implications for Libraries. The Public-Access Computer Systems Review [online]. 1994, vol. 5, no. 3

[cited 1994-07-28], pp. 5-21. Available from Internet: e-journals/uhlibrary/pacsreview/v5/n3/pricewil.5n3>. ISSN 1048-6542.
5.3 Electronic bulletin boards, discussion lists and electronic messages
5.3.1 Entire message system
Element:
Required
Title ( )
Type of medium (Required)
Place of publication (Required)
Publisher (Required)
Date of publication (Required)
Date of citation (Required)
Optional
Notes ( )
Required
Availability and access ( )
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EXAMPLES
PACS-L (Public Access Computer Systems Forum)
1 [online]. Houston (Tex.): University of Houston

Libraries, June 1989- [cited May 17, 1995]. Available from Internet: listserv@uhupvm1.uh.edu.

Federal Depository Library Program Files (/GO Depository)
2 [online]. Washington, D.C.: Government

Printing Office [cited 1995-02-15]. Available from Internet: .

5.3.2 Electronic messages
Element:
Required
Primary responsibility (of message) ( )
Required
Title (of message) ( )
Title (of host message system) (Required)
Type of medium (Required)
Subordinate responsibility/Recipient(s) (Optional)
Required
Place of publication ( )
Required
Publisher ( )
Date of publication (Required)

NOTE - For personal or unpublished communications, give the date the message was sent.

Date of citation (Required)
Numeration within host message system (Optional)
Required
Location within host message system ( )
Required, except for personal or unpublished communications
Availability and access ( )
Notes (Optional)
EXAMPLES

1 PARKER, Elliott. Re: Citing Electronic Journals. In PACS-L (Public Access Computer Systems Forum)

[online]. Houston (Tex.): University of Houston Libraries, 24 November 1989; 13:29:35 CST [cited 1 January

1995; 16:15 EST]. Available from Internet: .
Your Request for Information about ISO Standards.
2 PRITCHARD, Sarah. [online]. Message to: Margaret
MORRISON. 18 February 1995 [cited 3 March 1995]. Personal communication.
6 General conventions
The data included
...

NORME ISO
INTERNATIONALE 690-2
Première édition
1997-11-15
Information et documentation —
Références bibliographiques —
Partie 2:
Documents électroniques, documents
complets ou parties de documents
Information and documentation — Bibliographic references —
Part 2: Electronic documents or parts thereof
Numéro de référence
ISO 690-2:1997(F)
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ISO 690-2:1997(F)
Sommaire Page

1 Domaine d'application ................................................................. 1

2 Références normatives ............................................................... 1

3 Définitions ................................................................................... 1

4 Sources d'information ................................................................. 3

5 Schémas des références bibliographiques ................................. 3
5.1 Monographies électroniques, bases de données et

programmes informatiques ...................................................... 4

5.1.1 Document complet ................................................................ 4

5.1.2 Parties de monographies électroniques, bases de données
et programmes informatiques ............................................... 4
5.1.3 Contributions aux monographies électroniques, bases de
données et programmes informatiques ................................ 5

5.2 Publications en série électroniques ......................................... 6

5.2.1 Publication en série complète ............................................... 6

5.2.2 Articles et autres contributions ............................................. 7

5.3 Babillards électroniques, forums de discussion, et messages

électroniques ........................................................................... 8

5.3.1 Système de messagerie ....................................................... 8

5.3.2 Messages électroniques ....................................................... 8

6 Règles générales de transcription .............................................. 9

6.1 Translittération ou romanisation .............................................. 9

6.2 Abréviation ............................................................................... 9

6.3 Utilisation des majuscules ....................................................... 9

6.4 Ponctuation .............................................................................. 10

6.5 Caractères typographiques ..................................................... 10

6.6 Additions ou corrections .......................................................... 10

© ISO 1997

Droits de reproduction réservés. Sauf prescription différente, aucune partie de cette publi-

cation ne peut être reproduite ni utilisée sous quelque forme que ce soit et par aucun pro-

cédé, électronique ou mécanique, y compris la photocopie et les microfilms, sans l'accord

écrit de l'éditeur.
Organisation internationale de normalisation
Case postale 56 • CH-1211 Genève 20 • Suisse
Internet central@iso.ch
X.400 c=ch; a=400net; p=iso; o=isocs; s=central
Imprimé en Suisse
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ISO ISO 690-2:1997(F)

7 Spécification des éléments ......................................................... 10

7.1 Responsabilité principale ......................................................... 10

7.1.1 Personnes et collectivités ..................................................... 10

7.1.2 Présentation des noms ......................................................... 10

7.1.3 Collectivités ........................................................................... 10

7.1.4 Deux ou trois noms ............................................................... 11

7.1.5 Plus de trois noms ................................................................ 11

7.1.6 Responsabilité principale inconnue ...................................... 11

7.2 Titre .......................................................................................... 11

7.2.1 Présentation .......................................................................... 11

7.2.2 Traduction ............................................................................. 11

7.2.3 Plusieurs titres ...................................................................... 11

7.2.4 Sous-titre .............................................................................. 11

7.2.5 Forme abrégée du titre ......................................................... 11

7.2.6 Titre inconnu ......................................................................... 11

7.3 Type de support ou de diffusion .............................................. 12

7.4 Responsabilité secondaire ....................................................... 12

7.4.1 Personnes ou collectivités ayant une responsabilité

secondaire ............................................................................ 12

7.4.2 Présentation .......................................................................... 12

7.5 Édition ...................................................................................... 12

7.5.1 Présentation .......................................................................... 12

7.5.2 Abréviations et termes numériques ...................................... 12

7.6 Désignation des numéros des publications en série ............... 13

7.6.1 Présentation .......................................................................... 13

7.6.2 Désignation du premier numéro seulement .......................... 13
7.6.3 Désignation d'un intervalle de publication complet ou partiel .... 13

7.7 Lieu de publication ................................................................... 13

7.7.1 Présentation .......................................................................... 13

7.7.2 Plusieurs lieux de publication ............................................... 13

7.7.3 Lieu de publication inconnu .................................................. 13

7.8 Éditeur ...................................................................................... 13

7.8.1 Présentation .......................................................................... 13

7.8.2 Plusieurs éditeurs ................................................................. 14

7.8.3 Éditeur inconnu ..................................................................... 14

7.9 Dates ........................................................................................ 14

7.9.1 Présentation .......................................................................... 14

7.9.2 Date de publication ............................................................... 14

7.9.3 Date de mise à jour ou de révision ....................................... 15

iii
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ISO 690-2:1997(F) ISO

7.9.4 Date de la référence ............................................................. 15

7.10 Collection ................................................................................. 15

7.11 Notes ....................................................................................... 15

7.11.1 Description physique ............................................................ 15

7.11.2 Documents d'accompagnement ........................................... 15

7.11.3 Configuration informatique nécessaire ................................. 15

7.11.4 Périodicité ............................................................................. 15

7.11.5 Langue .................................................................................. 16

7.11.6 Autres notes ......................................................................... 16

7.12 Disponibilité et accès ............................................................... 16

7.12.1 Documents en ligne .............................................................. 16

7.12.2 Autres formes de disponibilité .............................................. 16

7.13 Numéro normalisé ................................................................... 16

7.14 Contributions et parties composantes ..................................... 17

7.14.1 Parties de documents électroniques .................................... 17

7.14.2 Contributions à l'intérieur d'un document électronique ......... 17
7.14.3 Numérotation à l'intérieur du document hôte ou du système

hôte ....................................................................................... 17

7.14.4 Localisation dans le document hôte ..................................... 17

8 Relations entre les références et les citations dans le texte ....... 17
Annexe

A Bibliographie ............................................................................... 18

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ISO ISO 690-2:1997(F)
Avant-propos
L'ISO (Organisation internationale de normalisation) est une fédération
mondiale d'organismes nationaux de normalisation (comités membres de
l'ISO). L'élaboration des Normes internationales est en général confiée aux
comités techniques de l'ISO. Chaque comité membre intéressé par une
étude a le droit de faire partie du comité technique créé à cet effet. Les
organisations internationales, gouvernementales et non gouvernementales,
en liaison avec l'ISO participent également aux travaux. L'ISO collabore
étroitement avec la Commission électrotechnique internationale (CEI) en
ce qui concerne la normalisation électrotechnique.
Les projets de Normes internationales adoptés par les comités techniques
sont soumis aux comités membres pour vote. Leur publication comme
Normes internationales requiert l'approbation de 75 % au moins des
comités membres votants.
La Norme internationale ISO 690-2 a été élaborée par le comité technique
ISO/TC 46, Information et documentation, sous-comité SC 9, Présentation,
identification et description des documents.
L'ISO 690 comprend les parties suivantes, présentées sous le titre général
Information et documentation — Références bibliographiques:
— ISO 690: Documentation — Références bibliographiques — Contenu,
forme et structure
NOTE — L'ISO 690 sera révisée en tant que ISO 690-1.
— Partie 2: Documents électroniques, documents complets ou parties
de documents
L'annexe A de la présente partie de l’ISO 690 est donnée uniquement à
titre d'information.
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
ISO 690-2:1997(F) ISO
Introduction
Un nombre croissant de publications et autres documents apparaissent
sous forme électronique et sont créés, stockés et diffusés sur un système
informatique. Un document électronique peut être définitif et non modi-
fiable, ou il peut tirer avantage de son environnement informatique pour
permettre des modifications à la fois de forme et de contenu. Un document
électronique peut ou non avoir un équivalent sous forme papier ou autre.
Malgré la complexité de ces documents, les étudiants, chercheurs et
autres auteurs ont besoin de faire référence aux ressources électroniques
qui ont documenté leurs recherches. La présente partie de l’ISO 690
fournit un guide pour la création de ces références bibliographiques.
Bien qu'un document électronique puisse ressembler à certains types de
publication imprimée (comme une monographie, une publication en série,
un article ou un chapitre), les caractéristiques physiques inhérentes aux
publications imprimées peuvent ne pas apparaître sous la forme électro-
nique. Par exemple, volumes, numéros et pages sont des caractéristiques
essentielle des formats imprimés, mais non pour les formats électroniques.
Une part croissante de la communication intellectuelle au travers des
réseaux de télécommunications étendus peut se situer quelque part entre
les articles publiés et la correspondance personnelle. Les particularités qui
permettent à l'utilisateur de se déplacer à volonté d'un point d'un document
électronique à un autre point, ou même à un autre document, ajoutent une
complication que l'on ne trouve pas dans la nature linéaire traditionnelle
des formats imprimés.
Quoiqu'une correspondance puisse être faite entre certaines publications
imprimées et certains documents électroniques, ceux-ci ont leur propre
identité en tant que programmes informatiques, bases de données, fichiers
ou enregistrements qui existent dans un format informatique, par exemple
en ligne, sur CD-ROM, sur bande magnétique, sur disque ou sur tout autre
moyen de stockage électronique. Les références bibliographiques à ces
documents électroniques doivent refléter cette identité et non celle de
succédanés du papier.
De nouveaux formats et de nouvelles technologies pour les documents
électroniques continueront à se développer. Comme de tels développe-
ments évoluent dans un contexte d'utilisation généralisée et internationale,
la présente partie de l'ISO 690 sera modifiée, si nécessaire, pour s'adapter
aux nouvelles formes et particularités des documents électroniques.
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
NORME INTERNATIONALE ISO ISO 690-2:1997(F)
Information et documentation — Références bibliographiques —
Partie 2:
Documents électroniques, documents complets ou parties de documents
1 Domaine d'application

La présente partie de l’ISO 690 précise les éléments à mentionner dans les références bibliographiques aux

documents électroniques. Elle détermine un ordre obligatoire pour les éléments de la référence et établit des règles

pour la transcription et la présentation de l'information provenant du document électronique source.

La présente partie de l’ISO 690 est destinée aux auteurs et aux éditeurs pour l'établissement de listes de

références de documents électroniques à inclure dans une bibliographie, et pour la formulation des citations dans

le texte correspondant aux entrées de la bibliographie. Elle ne s'applique pas aux descriptions bibliographiques

complètes exigées par les bibliothécaires, les bibliographes, les indexeurs, etc.

2 Références normatives

Les normes suivantes contiennent des dispositions qui, par suite de la référence qui en est faite, constituent des

dispositions valables pour la présente partie de l’ISO 690. Au moment de la publication, les éditions indiquées

étaient en vigueur. Toute norme est sujette à révision et les parties prenantes des accords fondés sur la présente

partie de l’ISO 690 sont invitées à rechercher la possibilité d'appliquer les éditions les plus récentes des normes

indiquées ci-après. Les membres de la CEI et de l'ISO possèdent les registres des Normes internationales en

vigueur à un moment donné.

Documentation - Règles pour l'abréviation des mots dans les titres et des titres des publications.

ISO 4:1984,
Code pour la présentation des noms de langue.
ISO 639:1988,
Documentation - Références bibliographiques - Contenu, forme et structure.
ISO 690:1987,

Information et documentation - Description et références bibliographiques - Règles pour l'abréviation

ISO 832:1994,
des termes bibliographiques

Éléments de données et formats d'échange - Échange d'information - Représentation de la date et

ISO 8601:1988,
de l'heure.
3 Définitions

Pour les besoins de la présente partie de l’ISO 690, les définitions suivantes s'appliquent.

3.1 auteur: Personne ou collectivité responsable du contenu intellectuel ou artistique d'un document.

[ISO 690:1987]
(Terme anglais: author)

3.2 babillard électronique: Système informatique qui affiche des informations et des messages sur des sujets

donnés pour les utilisateurs distants accédant au système.
(Terme anglais: bulletin board)
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
ISO 690-2:1997(F) ISO

3.3 base de données: Ensemble d'objets de données stockés, sous forme électronique, selon un modèle, et

rendus accessible par ordinateur.

NOTE - Quelques bases de données, ou fichiers à l'intérieur d'une base de données, peuvent aussi être considérés

comme une monographie ou comme une publication en série. Dans les cas où on peut rapidement déterminer qu'un

document électronique particulier est une monographie ou une publication en série, il convient de préférer ces

appellations à l'appellation générique "base de données".
(Terme anglais: database)

3.4 contribution: Unité indépendante formant une partie d'un document. [Adapté de l'ISO 690:1987]

(Terme anglais: contribution)

3.5 document: Information enregistrée qui peut être considérée comme une unité au cours d'un traitement

documentaire indépendamment de sa forme physique et de ses caractéristiques. [Adapté de

l’ISO 5127/1:1983]
(Terme anglais: document)

3.6 document électronique: Document existant sous une forme électronique accessible par la technologie

informatique.
(Terme anglais: electronic document)

3.7 document hôte: Document comprenant des contributions ou des parties identifiables séparément, tout en

n'étant indépendantes ni physiquement, ni bibliographiquement. [ISO 690:1987]
(Terme anglais: host document)

3.8 éditeur: Personne ou collectivité responsable de la production et de la diffusion d'un document.

[ISO 5127/3a:1981]
(Terme anglais: publisher)

3.9 édition: Ensemble des exemplaires d'un document dont le contenu correspond intégralement à une copie

unique utilisée comme original (voir aussi: version).
(Terme anglais: edition)

3.10 enregistrement: Groupe de données habituellement traité en tant qu'unité; sous-ensemble d'un fichier.

(Terme anglais: record)
3.11 fichier: Collection ordonnée d'enregistrements de même nature.
(Terme anglais: file)

3.12 forum de discussion: Groupe de discussion sur des sujets donnés qui se tient sur un réseau informatique

parmi les abonnés d'une liste de messagerie électronique; dans ce cadre, les contributions des participants

individuels sont envoyées automatiquement en messagerie électronique à la liste complète des abonnés.

(Terme anglais: discussion list)

3.13 monographie: Publication non périodique, c'est à dire publication qui est complète en un seul volume ou

destinée à être complétée en un nombre limité de volumes. [ISO 690:1987]
(Terme anglais: monograph)
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
ISO ISO 690-2:1997(F)

3.14 programme informatique: Programme ou plan qui définit les actions sous une forme exécutable par

ordinateur [traduit de l'ISO/TR 9544:1988].
(Terme anglais: computer program)

3.15 publication en série: Publication, quelque soit le support d'information, paraissant en fascicules ou volumes

successifs, s'enchaînant en général numériquement ou chronologiquement, pendant une durée non limitée à

l'avance. [Adapté de ISO 3297:1986]
(Terme anglais: serial)

3.16 système de communication électronique: Système qui transmet des messages sous forme électronique à

travers un réseau de communication informatique.
(Terme anglais: electronic message system)

3.17 titre: Dénomination apparaissant généralement sur le document, par laquelle il convient de le citer, utilisée

pour l'identifier et qui souvent (quoique pas nécessairement) le distingue d'un autre document.

[ISO 690:1987]
(Terme anglais: title)

Forme d'un document ayant été modifié sans changement de son identité (voir aussi: ).

3.18 version: édition
(Terme anglais: version)
4 Sources d'information

La principale source d’information contenue dans la référence est le document signalé. Les éléments de la

référence viennent du document électronique lui-même ou de la documentation qui l’accompagne; en aucun cas la

référence ne doit faire appel à une information qui n'est pas disponible à partir de la source consultée.

L'information enregistrée dans la référence doit se rapporter à l'exemplaire spécifique du document examiné ou

utilisé. Par exemple, l'information contenue dans une référence bibliographique se rapportant à un document

disponible sur Internet doit reproduire le titre, les dates, l'emplacement, etc. relatifs à la version particulière

examinée et à l'emplacement du réseau particulier grâce auquel cette version est accessible.

La première source d'information dans le document lui-même est l'écran qui affiche le titre ou son équivalent (par

exemple, l'affichage d'écran qui suit l'ouverture de la session ou celui qui porte la mention de copyright). Si on ne

trouve pas ce genre d'écran sur le document électronique, une autre source comme une documentation

d'accompagnement ou le conteneur peut fournir l'information nécessaire.
5 Schémas des références bibliographiques

Les schémas qui suivent sont destinés à identifier les éléments constitutifs des références bibliographiques de

documents électroniques et à établir une séquence normalisée pour la présentation de ces éléments. Ces schémas

couvrent les références aux programmes informatiques, bases de données, monographies électroniques,

publications en série électroniques, babillards et autres systèmes de communication électronique, pour leur

ensemble et pour leurs parties ou contributions. Le même cadre général s'applique à tous ces documents, mais

ceux qui ont des caractéristiques propres à leur forme de publication sont traités dans des paragraphes séparés.

Pour chaque élément bibliographique, son caractère obligatoire ou facultatif est indiqué entre parenthèses à la suite

du nom de l'élément.

Les mentions d'éléments sont obligatoires uniquement si elles sont applicables au document signalé et si

l'information est facilement disponible à partir du document lui-même ou de la documentation qui

l'accompagne. Il est recommandé d'inclure dans la référence les éléments répertoriés comme facultatifs, si

l'information est facilement disponible.
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
ISO 690-2:1997(F) ISO

On trouvera dans l'article 7 des instructions relatives à chacune de ces indications contenues dans ces schémas.

5.1 Monographies électroniques, bases de données et programmes informatiques
5.1.1 Document complet
Élément:
(obligatoire)
Responsabilité principale
(obligatoire)
Titre
(obligatoire)
Type de support
(facultatif)
Responsabilité secondaire
(obligatoire)
Édition
(obligatoire)
Lieu de publication
(obligatoire)
Éditeur
(obligatoire)
Date de publication
(obligatoire)
Date de mise à jour ou de révision
(obligatoire pour les documents en ligne; facultatif pour les autres)
Date de la référence
(facultatif)
Collection
(facultatif)
Notes
(obligatoire pour les documents en ligne; facultatif pour les autres)
Disponibilité et accès
(obligatoire)
Numéro normalisé
EXEMPLES
Alice's Adventures in Wonderland
1 CARROLL, Lewis. [online]. Texinfo ed. 2.1. [Dortmund,

Germany]: WindSpiel, November 1994 [cited 10 February 1995]. Available from World Wide Web:

. Also available in PostScript and ASCII

versions from Internet: .
Meeting Agenda

2 [en ligne]. Gif-sur-Yvette (France): Centre d'Etudes Nucléaires/Saclay, Service de

Documentation, mars 1991- [référence du 30 septembre 1992]. Mise à jour bimensuelle. Format

ASCII. Disponible sur QUESTEL.
Kirk-Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology
3 [online]. 3rd ed. New York: John Wiley, 1984

[cited 3 January 1990]. Available from DIALOG Information Services, Palo Alto (Calif.).

Where in the World Is Carmen Sandiego?
4 AXWORTHY, Glenn. [disk]. Version for IBM/Tandy. San

Rafael (Calif.): Broderbund Software, 1985. 1 computer disk; 5 1/4 in. Accompanied by: 1986 World

Almanac and Book of Facts. System requirements: IBM/Tandy compatibles; 128 kB RAM; MS DOS

2.0, 3.0 series; graphics adapter required. Designers: Gene Portwood and Lauren Elliott.

5.1.2 Parties de monographies électroniques, bases de données et programmes informatiques

De façon générale, les parties d'un document ne sont pas indépendantes du contexte fourni par ce document hôte.

---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
ISO ISO 690-2:1997(F)

Si l'item référencé peut être traité comme une unité indépendante sans perte significative, il convient de donner sa

référence en tant que contribution (voir 5.1.3).
Élément:
Responsabilité principale (du document hôte) (obligatoire)
Titre (du document hôte) (obligatoire)
Type de support (obligatoire)
Responsabilité secondaire (du document hôte) (facultatif)
Édition (obligatoire)
Lieu de publication (obligatoire)
Éditeur (obligatoire)
Date de publication (obligatoire)
Date de mise à jour ou de révision (obligatoire)

Date de la référence (obligatoire pour les documents en ligne; facultatif pour les autres)

Chapitre ou désignation équivalente (de la partie) (obligatoire)
Titre (de la partie) (obligatoire)
Numérotation à l'intérieur du document hôte (facultatif)
Localisation dans le document hôte (obligatoire)
Notes (facultatif)

Disponibilité et accès (obligatoire pour les documents en ligne; facultatif pour les autres)

Numéro normalisé (obligatoire)
EXEMPLES

1 World Factbook [CD-ROM]. [Washington, D.C.]: Central Intelligence Agency, 1990. Spain vital

statistics. ID number: CI WOFACT 1206.

2 ICC British Company Financial Datasheets [online]. Hampton (Middlesex, U.K.): ICC Online, 1992,

updated 3 March 1992 [cited 11 March 1992]. Robert Maxwell Group PLC. Accession no.

01209277. Available from DIALOG Information Services, Palo Alto (Calif.).

3 CARROLL, Lewis. Alice's Adventures in Wonderland [online]. Texinfo. ed. 2.2. [Dortmund,

Germany]: WindSpiel, November 1994 [cited 30 March 1995]. Chapter VII. A Mad Tea-Party.

Available from World Wide Web: .

5.1.3 Contributions aux monographies électroniques, bases de données et programmes informatiques

Élément:
(obligatoire)
Responsabilité principale (de la contribution)
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
ISO 690-2:1997(F) ISO
Titre (de la contribution) (obligatoire)
Responsabilité principale (du document hôte) (obligatoire)
Titre (du document hôte) (obligatoire)
Type de support (obligatoire)
Responsabilité secondaire du document hôte (facultatif)
Édition (obligatoire)
Lieu de publication (obligatoire)
Éditeur (obligatoire)
Date de publication (obligatoire)
Date de mise à jour ou de révision (obligatoire)

Date de la référence (obligatoire pour les documents en ligne; facultatif pour les autres)

Numérotation à l'intérieur du document hôte (facultatif)
Localisation dans le document hôte (obligatoire)
Notes (facultatif)

Disponibilité et accès (obligatoire pour les documents en ligne; facultatif pour les autres)

Numéro normalisé (obligatoire)
EXEMPLES

1 ZHUKOVSKY, Vladimir; ITKIN, Vladimir; and CHERNENKO, Lev. Helicopters over the Crater. In

Current Digest of the Soviet Press [online]. Columbus (Ohio): Current Digest of the Soviet Press,

11 June 1986 [cited 14 February 1991]. Accession no. 0008752. Available from DIALOG

Information Services, Palo Alto (Calif.).

2 Belle de Jour. In Magill's Survey of Cinema [online]. Pasadena (Calif.): Salem Press, 1985- [cited

1994-08-04]. Accession no. 0050053. Available from DIALOG Information Services, Palo Alto

(Calif.).

3 MCCONNELL, W.H. Constitutional History. In The Canadian Encyclopedia [CD-ROM]. Macintosh

version 1.1. Toronto: McClelland & Stewart, c.1993. ISBN 0-7710-1932-7.
5.2 Publications en série électroniques
5.2.1 Publication en série complète
Élément:
Titre (obligatoire)
Type de support (obligatoire)
Édition (obligatoire)
---------------------- Page: 12 ----------------------
ISO ISO 690-2:1997(F)
Lieu de publication (obligatoire)
Éditeur (obligatoire)
Date de publication (obligatoire)

Date de la référence (obligatoire pour les documents en ligne; facultatif pour les autres)

Collection (facultatif)
Notes (facultatif)

Disponibilité et accès (obligatoire pour les documents en ligne; facultatif pour les autres)

Numéro normalisé (obligatoire)
EXEMPLES

1 Journal of Technology Education [online]. Blacksburg (Va.): Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State

University, 1989- [cited 15 March 1995]. Semi-annual. Available from Internet:
. ISSN 1045-1064.

2 Profile Canada [CD-ROM]. Toronto: Micromedia, 1993- . The Canadian Connection. Accompanied

by: user's guide. System requirements: IBM PC or compatible; MPC Standard CD-ROM drive; DOS

3.30 or higher; 490 kB RAM; MS-DOS Extensions 2.1 or higher. Quarterly.
5.2.2 Articles et autres contributions
Élément:
(obligatoire)
Responsabilité principale (de la contribution)
(obligatoire)
Titre (de la contribution)
(obligatoire)
Titre (de la publication en série)
(obligatoire)
Type de support
(obligatoire)
Édition
(obligatoire)
Désignation du numéro
(obligatoire)
Date de mise à jour ou de révision
(obligatoire pour les documents en ligne; facultatif pour les autres)
Date de la référence
(obligatoire)
Localisation à l'intérieur du document hôte
(facultatif)
Notes
(obligatoire pour les documents en ligne; facultatif pour les autres)
Disponibilité et accès
(obligatoire)
Numéro normalisé
EXEMPLES
Harvard Business Review
1 STONE, Nan. The Globalization of Europe. [online]. May-June 1989

[cited 3 September 1990]. Available from BRS Information Technologies, McLean (Va.).

---------------------- Page: 13 ----------------------
ISO 690-2:1997(F) ISO

2 PRICE-WILKIN, John. Using the World-Wide Web to Deliver Complex Electronic Documents:

Implications for Libraries. The Public-Access Computer Systems Review [online]. 1994, vol. 5, no. 3

[cited 1994-07-28], pp. 5-21. Available from Internet: e-journals/uhlibrary/pacsreview/v5/n3/pricewil.5n3>. ISSN 1048-6542.
5.3 Babillards électroniques, forums de discussion et messages électroniques
5.3.1 Système de messagerie
Élément:
Titre (obligatoire)
Type de support (obligatoire)
Lieu de publication (obligatoire)
Éditeur (obligatoire)
Date de publication (obligatoire)
Date de la référence (obligatoire)
Notes (facultatif)
Disponibilité et accès (obligatoire)
EXEMPLES

1 PACS-L (Public Access Computer Systems Forum) [online]. Houston (Tex.): University of Houston

Libraries, June 1989- [cited 17 May 1995] Available from Internet: listserv@uhupvm1.uh.edu.

2 Federal Depository Libra
...

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