Energy management systems -- Guidance for implementing a common energy management system in multiple organizations

This document gives guidelines for establishing, implementing, maintaining and improving a common energy management system (EnMS) for multiple organizations. This document follows the general structure used in ISO 50001:2018.

Systèmes de management de l'énergie -- Recommandations pour la mise en oeuvre d'un système commun de management de l'énergie dans les groupements d'organismes

Le présent document fournit des lignes directrices pour l'établissement, la mise en œuvre, le suivi et l'amélioration d'un systčme commun de management de l'énergie (SMÉ) destiné aux groupements d'organismes. Le présent document suit la structure générale utilisée dans l'ISO 50001:2018.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
01-Mar-2021
Current Stage
5060 - Close of voting Proof returned by Secretariat
Start Date
15-Jan-2021
Completion Date
14-Jan-2021
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INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 50009
First edition
2021-03
Energy management systems —
Guidance for implementing a common
energy management system in
multiple organizations
Systèmes de management de l'énergie — Recommandations pour la
mise en oeuvre d'un système commun de management de l'énergie
dans les groupements d'organismes
Reference number
ISO 50009:2021(E)
ISO 2021
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO 50009:2021(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2021

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
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Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO 50009:2021(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

Introduction ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................vi

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms, definitions and abbreviated terms ................................................................................................................................ 1

3.1 Terms related to organization.................................................................................................................................................... 1

3.2 Terms related to management system ............................................................................................................................... 2

3.3 Terms related to requirement .................................................................................................................................................... 3

3.4 Terms related to performance ................................................................................................................................................... 5

3.5 Terms related to energy .................................................................................................................................................................. 7

3.6 Abbreviated terms ............................................................................................................................................................................... 8

4 Context of the energy management group ................................................................................................................................. 9

4.1 Understanding the energy management group and its context ................................................................... 9

4.2 Understanding the needs and expectations of interested parties .............................................................. 9

4.2.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................... 9

4.2.2 Understanding the legal requirements and other requirements ........................................10

4.3 Determining the scope of the common energy management system ..................................................10

4.3.1 Establishing the scope of the common energy management system ..............................10

4.3.2 Changes to the composition of the energy management group...........................................11

4.4 Energy management system ....................................................................................................................................................11

5 Leadership ...............................................................................................................................................................................................................12

5.1 Leadership and commitment ..................................................................................................................................................12

5.1.1 Top management of each constituent organization .......................................................................12

5.1.2 Energy management committee .....................................................................................................................12

5.2 Common energy policy .................................................................................................................................................................14

5.3 Organizational roles, responsibilities and authorities.......................................................................................14

6 Planning ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................15

6.1 Actions to address risks and opportunities ................................................................................................................15

6.2 Objectives, energy targets and planning to achieve them ..............................................................................15

6.3 Energy review .......................................................................................................................................................................................16

6.4 Energy performance indicators .............................................................................................................................................17

6.5 Energy baseline ...................................................................................................................................................................................18

6.6 Planning for collection of energy data .............................................................................................................................18

7 Support ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................18

7.1 Resources ..................................................................................................................................................................................................18

7.2 Competence ............................................................................................................................................................................................19

7.3 Awareness ................................................................................................................................................................................................19

7.4 Communication ...................................................................................................................................................................................19

7.5 Documented information ............................................................................................................................................................19

8 Operation ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................20

8.1 Operational planning and control .......................................................................................................................................20

8.2 Design ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................20

8.3 Procurement ..........................................................................................................................................................................................20

9 Performance evaluation ............................................................................................................................................................................20

9.1 Monitoring, measurement, analysis and evaluation of energy performance and the

EnMS .............................................................................................................................................................................................................20

9.1.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................20

9.1.2 Actions to improve energy performance by constituent organizations ......................21

9.1.3 Evaluation of compliance with legal requirements and other requirements...........21

9.2 Internal audit .........................................................................................................................................................................................21

9.3 Management review ........................................................................................................................................................................22

© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved iii
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ISO 50009:2021(E)

10 Improvement .........................................................................................................................................................................................................22

10.1 Nonconformity and corrective action ..............................................................................................................................22

10.2 Continual improvement by constituent organizations ......................................................................................22

Annex A (informative) Roles and responsibilities of the energy management committee ......................24

Annex B (informative) Examples of energy management groups and common energy

management systems ...................................................................................................................................................................................26

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................29

iv © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
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ISO 50009:2021(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/ directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/ patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO’s adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT), see www .iso .org/

iso/ foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 301, Energy management and energy

savings.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/ members .html.
© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved v
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ISO 50009:2021(E)
Introduction

ISO 50001 has been developed to enable a single organization to establish the systems and processes

necessary to continually improve energy performance. In some situations, better energy management

results are accomplished when several organizations work together to manage their energy collectively

by forming an energy management group (EnMG). These situations can be driven by changes in

technology and the spread of distributed energy resources.
EnMGs can include organizations which:

— operate in a geographical region, such as a city, district or a single industrial park;

— are in a single sector, such as food processing, rail transportation or universities;

— share a common customer (supply chain members), such as a supermarket chain or car manufacturer;

— are served by a common service supplier, such as a building landlord in a shopping mall;

— share one utility system (steam, electricity, etc.);

— form part of a franchise group, which can have (but does not need to have) a common supplier, such

as a franchised fast food chain (with common supplier), or independent retail stores that operate

under a cooperative banner;
— form part of a wider economic group, with financial links or common ownership;

— are different type of facilities owned by a municipal government (city office, library, hospital, etc.);

— share a common objective or energy target (either voluntarily set or mandated);

— have agreed to improve the same energy performance indicator (EnPI);
— are members of a trade association.

The approach within this document may also be used by a multi-site organization covered by a single or

common management system.

Groups of organizations can derive energy management benefits beyond those realizable by a single

organization through a joint or common approach to energy management by several organizations. In

addition, opportunities can be found by focusing on the energy that flows across the boundaries of each

constituent organization. This type of opportunity cannot be found in a single organization. Generally,

the wider the boundary becomes, the more opportunities there are to improve energy performance and

the amount of improvement.

The establishment of the EnMG can be driven by common energy needs, with the aim of facilitating

synergies or sharing expertise to improve energy performance.

EXAMPLE 1 Large energy investments can be more efficient (one large boiler rather than several small).

EXAMPLE 2 Waste heat or local renewable energy supplies can be shared.

It can be helpful for the implementation of an energy management system (EnMS) for a group of

organizations if at least one constituent organization has experience in energy management.

This document presents guidance on establishing a common EnMS modelled on ISO 50001 but focusing

on the issues that arise when multiple organizations coordinate energy management. The presence

of multiple organizations requires guidance with respect to management aspects of a common EnMS,

such as:
— leadership;
— planning;
vi © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
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ISO 50009:2021(E)
— support for common or joint actions;
— operations or execution of common or joint actions;
— knowledge transfer;
— sharing of best practice;
— performance evaluation;
— ensuring continual improvement.

One additional benefit of a common EnMS is the ability to share expertise, equipment, etc. among

constituent organizations to reduce costs and promote system improvements.

EXAMPLE 3 In an isolated mining or agricultural region it can be costly to bring in expertise (e.g. pumping

experts to reduce energy consumption in irrigated agriculture) or to hire specialized machinery. An EnMG is

often able to share experts’ fees, travel and accommodation costs.
© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved vii
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INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 50009:2021(E)
Energy management systems — Guidance for
implementing a common energy management system in
multiple organizations
1 Scope

This document gives guidelines for establishing, implementing, maintaining and improving a common

energy management system (EnMS) for multiple organizations.
This document follows the general structure used in ISO 50001:2018.
2 Normative references
There are no normative references in this document.
3 Terms, definitions and abbreviated terms
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https:// www .iso .org/ obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at http:// www .electropedia .org/
3.1 Terms related to organization
3.1.1
organization

person or group of people that has its own functions with responsibilities, authorities and relationships

to achieve its objectives (3.4.11)

Note 1 to entry: The concept of organization includes, but is not limited to, sole-trader, company, corporation, firm,

enterprise, authority, partnership, charity or institution, or part or combination thereof, whether incorporated

or not, public or private.

Note 2 to entry: This document refers to “multiple organizations”. Multiple simply means “more than one” and

these organizations need not all have the same form or legal structure.
[SOURCE: ISO 50001:2018, 3.1.1, modified — Note 2 to entry has been added.]
3.1.2
constituent organization

organization (3.1.1) within the energy management group (3.1.7) that implements a common energy

management system (3.2.3)
3.1.3
top management

person or group of people who directs and controls a constituent organization (3.1.2) at the highest level

Note 1 to entry: Top management is empowered to delegate authority and provide resources within the

constituent organization.

Note 2 to entry: If the scope of the management system (3.2.1) covers only part of a constituent organization, then

top management refers to those who direct and control that part of the constituent organization.

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ISO 50009:2021(E)

Note 3 to entry: In an energy management group (3.1.7) there is usually no single top management covering the

entire group.

[SOURCE: ISO 50001:2018, 3.1.2, modified — “constituent organization” has replaced “organization”.

Note 3 to entry has been replaced.]
3.1.4
boundary

physical or site limits and/or organizational limits as defined by the energy management group (EnMG)

(3.1.7) and the constituent organizations (3.1.2)

Note 1 to entry: The whole or any part of a constituent organization can be included in the boundary of an EnMG.

Note 2 to entry: The boundary can correspond to a geographic area, such as a city or metropolitan region or state

or nation, or the franchise area of a utility or other energy service provider.

[SOURCE: ISO 50001:2018, 3.1.3, modified — The words “site limits and/or” have been added before

“organizational” and the words “as defined by the energy management group (EnMG) and the

constituent organizations” have been added after “limits”. The example has been deleted. Notes 1 and 2

to entry have been added.]
3.1.5
interested party (preferred term)
stakeholder (admitted term)

person or organization (3.1.1) that can affect, be affected by, or perceive itself to be affected by a

decision or activity
[SOURCE: ISO 50001:2018, 3.1.5]
3.1.6
energy management committee
EnMC

committee to coordinate the common energy management system (3.2.3) on behalf of an energy

management group (3.1.7)
3.1.7
energy management group
EnMG

two or more organizations (3.1.1) implementing a common energy management system (3.2.3)

Note 1 to entry: Constituent organizations (3.1.2) within an EnMG can have (but do not need to have) a financial

connection.
3.2 Terms related to management system
3.2.1
management system

set of interrelated or interacting elements of an organization (3.1.1), constituent organization (3.1.2)

or energy management group (3.1.7) to establish policies (3.2.5) and objectives (3.4.11) and processes

(3.3.6) to achieve those objectives

Note 1 to entry: A management system can address a single discipline or several disciplines.

Note 2 to entry: The system elements include the entity’s structure, roles and responsibilities, planning and

operation.

Note 3 to entry: The scope of a management system can include the whole of the organization, constituent

organization or energy management group, specific and identified functions or sections of each organization or

constituent organization, or one or more functions across the energy management group.

2 © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
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ISO 50009:2021(E)

[SOURCE: ISO 50001:2018, 3.2.1, modified — “constituent organization or energy management group”

has been added to the definition and to Note 3 to entry. “The EnMS scope includes all energy types

within its boundaries” has been deleted from Note 3 to entry.]
3.2.2
energy management system
EnMS

management system (3.2.1) to establish an energy policy (3.2.6), objectives (3.4.11), energy targets

(3.4.13), action plans and process(es) (3.3.6) to achieve the objectives and energy targets

[SOURCE: ISO 50001:2018, 3.2.2]
3.2.3
common energy management system
common EnMS

EnMS (3.2.2) implemented by two or more organizations (3.1.1) that is coordinated by an energy

management committee (3.1.6)
3.2.4
common energy management system scope
common EnMS scope

set of activities which the energy management group (3.1.7) addresses through a common EnMS (3.2.3)

Note 1 to entry: The common EnMS scope can include several boundaries (3.1.4).

Note 2 to entry: The common EnMS scope can include activities outside the boundaries of individual constituent

organizations (3.1.2) and transport operations.
3.2.5
policy

intentions and direction of an organization (3.1.1), as formally expressed by its top management (3.1.3)

[SOURCE: ISO 50001:2018, 3.2.3]
3.2.6
energy policy

statement by the energy management group (3.1.7) of its overall intention(s), direction(s) and

commitment(s) related to its energy performance (3.4.3)

[SOURCE: ISO 50001:2018, 3.2.4, modified — “energy management group” has replaced “organization”

and “as formally expressed by top management” has been deleted.]
3.3 Terms related to requirement
3.3.1
requirement
need or expectation that is stated, generally implied or obligatory

Note 1 to entry: “Generally implied” means that it is custom or common practice for the organization (3.1.1),

constituent organization (3.1.2), energy management group (3.1.7) and interested parties (3.1.5) that the need or

expectation under consideration is implied.

Note 2 to entry: A specified requirement is one that is stated, for example in documented information (3.3.5).

[SOURCE: ISO 50001:2018, 3.3.1, modified — “constituent organization, energy management group”

has been added to Note 1 to entry.]
3.3.2
conformity
fulfilment of a requirement (3.3.1)
[SOURCE: ISO 50001:2018, 3.3.2]
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ISO 50009:2021(E)
3.3.3
nonconformity
non-fulfilment of a requirement (3.3.1)
[SOURCE: ISO 50001:2018, 3.3.3]
3.3.4
corrective action

action to eliminate the cause of a nonconformity (3.3.3) and to prevent recurrence

[SOURCE: ISO 50001:2018, 3.3.4]
3.3.5
documented information

information required to be controlled and maintained by a constituent organization (3.1.2) or the energy

management committee (3.1.6) and the medium on which it is contained

Note 1 to entry: Documented information can be in any format and media, and from any source.

Note 2 to entry: Documented information can refer to:
— the management system (3.2.1), including related processes (3.3.6);

— information created in order for the organization (3.1.1) to operate (documentation);

— evidence of results achieved (records).

[SOURCE: ISO 50001:2018, 3.3.5, modified — “a constituent organization or the energy management

committee” has replaced “an organization”.]
3.3.6
process

set of interrelated or interacting activities which transform inputs into outputs

Note 1 to entry: A process related to an organization’s (3.1.1) activities can be:

— physical (e.g. energy-using processes, such as combustion); or
— business or service (e.g. order fulfilment).
[SOURCE: ISO 50001:2018, 3.3.6]
3.3.7
monitoring
determining the status of a system, a process (3.3.6) or an activity

Note 1 to entry: To determine the status, there can be a need to check, supervise or critically observe.

Note 2 to entry: In an energy management system (3.2.2), monitoring can be a review of energy data.

[SOURCE: ISO 50001:2018, 3.3.7]
3.3.8
audit

systematic, independent and documented process (3.3.6) for obtaining audit evidence and evaluating it

objectively to determine the extent to which the audit criteria are fulfilled

Note 1 to entry: An audit can be an internal audit (first party) or an external audit (second party or third party),

and it can be a combined audit (combining two or more disciplines).

Note 2 to entry: An internal audit is conducted by the organization (3.1.1) itself, or by another constituent

organization (3.1.2) within the energy management group (3.1.7), or by an external party on its behalf.

Note 3 to entry: “Audit evidence” and “audit criteria” are defined in ISO 19011.
4 © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
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ISO 50009:2021(E)

Note 4 to entry: The term “audit” as defined here and as used in this document means the internal audit of an

energy management system (3.2.2). This is different from an “energy audit”. In this definition, “audit evidence”

means evidence from an internal audit of the energy management system, and not evidence from an energy audit.

[SOURCE: ISO 50001:2018, 3.3.8, modified — “or by another constituent organization within the energy

management group” has been added to Note 2 to entry.]
3.3.9
outsource, verb

make an arrangement where an external organization (3.1.1) performs part of an organization’s

function or process (3.3.6)

Note 1 to entry: While an external organization is outside the scope of the management system (3.2.1), the

outsourced function or process is within the scope.
[SOURCE: ISO 50001:2018, 3.3.9]
3.4 Terms related to performance
3.4.1
measurement
process (3.3.6) to determine a value

Note 1 to entry: See ISO/IEC Guide 99 for additional information on measurement-related concepts.

[SOURCE: ISO 50001:2018, 3.4.1]
3.4.2
performance
measurable result

Note 1 to entry: Performance can relate either to quantitative or qualitative findings.

Note 2 to entry: Performance can relate to the management of activities, processes (3.3.6), products (including

services), systems, organizations (3.1.1), constituent organizations (3.1.2) or to the energy management group

(3.1.7).

[SOURCE: ISO 50001:2018, 3.4.2, modified — The words “constituent organizations or to the energy

management group” have been added to Note 2 to entry.]
3.4.3
energy performance

measurable result(s) related to energy efficiency (3.5.3), energy use (3.5.4) and energy consumption (3.5.2)

Note 1 to entry: Energy performance can be measured against the constituent organization’s (3.1.2) or the energy

management group’s (3.1.7) objectives (3.4.11), energy targets (3.4.13) and other energy performance requirements

(3.3.1).

Note 2 to entry: Energy performance is one component of the performance (3.4.2) of the energy management

system (3.2.2).

[SOURCE: ISO 50001:2018, 3.4.3, modified — “constituent organization’s or the energy management

group’s” has replaced “organization’s” in Note 1 to entry.]
3.4.4
energy performance indicator
EnPI

measure or unit of energy performance (3.4.3), as defined by the energy management group (EnMG)

(3.1.7) or its constit
...

NORME ISO
INTERNATIONALE 50009
Première édition
2021-03
Systèmes de management de
l'énergie — Recommandations pour la
mise en oeuvre d'un système commun
de management de l'énergie dans les
groupements d'organismes
Energy management systems — Guidance for implementing a
common energy management system in multiple organizations
Numéro de référence
ISO 50009:2021(F)
ISO 2021
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO 50009:2021(F)
DOCUMENT PROTÉGÉ PAR COPYRIGHT
© ISO 2021

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y compris la photocopie, ou la diffusion sur l’internet ou sur un intranet, sans autorisation écrite préalable. Une autorisation peut

être demandée à l’ISO à l’adresse ci-après ou au comité membre de l’ISO dans le pays du demandeur.

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Publié en Suisse
ii © ISO 2021 – Tous droits réservés
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO 50009:2021(F)
Sommaire Page

Avant-propos ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

Introduction ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................vi

1 Domaine d'application ................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

2 Références normatives ................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Termes, définitions et abréviations .................................................................................................................................................. 1

3.1 Termes relatifs à l'organisme ..................................................................................................................................................... 1

3.2 Termes relatifs au système de management ................................................................................................................. 3

3.3 Termes relatifs aux exigences .................................................................................................................................................... 4

3.4 Termes relatifs à la performance ............................................................................................................................................. 5

3.5 Termes relatifs à l'énergie ............................................................................................................................................................. 8

3.6 Abréviations .............................................................................................................................................................................................. 9

4 Contexte du groupement de management de l'énergie ............................................................................................10

4.1 Compréhension du groupement de management de l'énergie et de son contexte ...................10

4.2 Compréhension des besoins et attentes des parties intéressées .............................................................10

4.2.1 Généralités .........................................................................................................................................................................10

4.2.2 Compréhension des exigences légales et autres exigences......................................................10

4.3 Détermination du champ d'application du système commun de management de

l'énergie ......................................................................................................................................................................................................11

4.3.1 Établissement du champ d'application du système commun de

management de l'énergie ......................................................................................................................................11

4.3.2 Modifications de la composition du groupement de management de l'énergie ....12

4.4 Système de management de l'énergie ..............................................................................................................................12

5 Leadership ...............................................................................................................................................................................................................12

5.1 Leadership et engagement.........................................................................................................................................................12

5.1.1 Direction de chaque organisme membre .................................................................................................12

5.1.2 Comité de management de l'énergie ...........................................................................................................13

5.2 Politique énergétique commune ..........................................................................................................................................15

5.3 Rôles, responsabilités et autorités au sein de l'organisme ............................................................................15

6 Planification ...........................................................................................................................................................................................................16

6.1 Actions à mettre en œuvre face aux risques et opportunités ......................................................................16

6.2 Objectifs, cibles énergétiques et planification des actions pour les atteindre ..............................16

6.3 Revue énergétique ............................................................................................................................................................................17

6.4 Indicateurs de performance énergétique .....................................................................................................................18

6.5 Situation énergétique de référence (SÉR) ....................................................................................................................19

6.6 Planification de collecte de données énergétiques ...............................................................................................20

7 Support ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................20

7.1 Ressources ...............................................................................................................................................................................................20

7.2 Compétence ............................................................................................................................................................................................20

7.3 Sensibilisation ......................................................................................................................................................................................21

7.4 Communication ...................................................................................................................................................................................21

7.5 Informations documentées .......................................................................................................................................................21

8 Réalisation des activités opérationnelles ................................................................................................................................21

8.1 Planification et maîtrise opérationnelles ......................................................................................................................21

8.2 Conception ...............................................................................................................................................................................................21

8.3 Achats ...........................................................................................................................................................................................................22

9 Évaluation des performances ...............................................................................................................................................................22

9.1 Surveillance, mesurage, analyse et évaluation de la performance énergétique et du SMÉ 22

9.1.1 Généralités .........................................................................................................................................................................22

9.1.2 Actions visant à améliorer la performance énergétique des organismes

membres .............................................................................................................................................................................23

9.1.3 Évaluation de la conformité aux exigences légales et autres exigences ........................23

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ISO 50009:2021(F)

9.2 Audit interne ..........................................................................................................................................................................................23

9.3 Revue de management ..................................................................................................................................................................23

10 Amélioration ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................24

10.1 Non-conformité et action corrective .................................................................................................................................24

10.2 Amélioration continue au niveau des organismes membres .......................................................................24

Annexe A (informative) Rôles et responsabilités du comité de management de l'énergie ......................26

Annexe B (informative) Exemples de groupements de management de l'énergie et de

systèmes communs de management de l'énergie ...........................................................................................................28

Bibliographie ...........................................................................................................................................................................................................................31

iv © ISO 2021 – Tous droits réservés
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ISO 50009:2021(F)
Avant-propos

L'ISO (Organisation internationale de normalisation) est une fédération mondiale d'organismes

nationaux de normalisation (comités membres de l'ISO). L'élaboration des Normes internationales est

en général confiée aux comités techniques de l'ISO. Chaque comité membre intéressé par une étude

a le droit de faire partie du comité technique créé à cet effet. Les organisations internationales,

gouvernementales et non gouvernementales, en liaison avec l'ISO participent également aux travaux.

L'ISO collabore étroitement avec la Commission électrotechnique internationale (IEC) en ce qui

concerne la normalisation électrotechnique.

Les procédures utilisées pour élaborer le présent document et celles destinées à sa mise à jour sont

décrites dans les Directives ISO/IEC, Partie 1. Il convient, en particulier de prendre note des différents

critères d'approbation requis pour les différents types de documents ISO. Le présent document a été

rédigé conformément aux règles de rédaction données dans les Directives ISO/IEC, Partie 2 (voir www

.iso .org/ directives).

L'attention est attirée sur le fait que certains des éléments du présent document peuvent faire l'objet de

droits de propriété intellectuelle ou de droits analogues. L'ISO ne saurait être tenue pour responsable

de ne pas avoir identifié de tels droits de propriété et averti de leur existence. Les détails concernant

les références aux droits de propriété intellectuelle ou autres droits analogues identifiés lors de

l'élaboration du document sont indiqués dans l'Introduction et/ou dans la liste des déclarations de

brevets reçues par l'ISO (voir www .iso .org/ brevets).

Les appellations commerciales éventuellement mentionnées dans le présent document sont données

pour information, par souci de commodité, à l'intention des utilisateurs et ne sauraient constituer un

engagement.

Pour une explication de la nature volontaire des normes, la signification des termes et expressions

spécifiques de l'ISO liés à l'évaluation de la conformité, ou pour toute information au sujet de l'adhésion

de l'ISO aux principes de l'Organisation mondiale du commerce (OMC) concernant les obstacles

techniques au commerce (OTC), voir le lien suivant : www .iso .org/ iso/ fr/ avant -propos.

Le présent document a été élaboré par le comité technique ISO/TC 301, Management de l'énergie et

économies d'énergie.

Il convient que l'utilisateur adresse tout retour d'information ou toute question concernant le présent

document à l'organisme national de normalisation de son pays. Une liste exhaustive desdits organismes

se trouve à l'adresse www .iso .org/ fr/ members .html.
© ISO 2021 – Tous droits réservés v
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ISO 50009:2021(F)
Introduction

L'ISO 50001 a été élaborée afin de permettre à un seul organisme de mettre en place les systèmes et

les processus nécessaires à l'amélioration continue de sa performance énergétique. Dans certaines

situations, il est possible d'obtenir de meilleurs résultats en matière de management de l'énergie

lorsque plusieurs organismes se regroupent pour gérer collectivement leur énergie en constituant un

groupement de management de l'énergie (GMÉ). Ces situations peuvent être favorisées par l'évolution

des technologies et le développement de la production d'énergie décentralisée (DER).

Les GMÉ peuvent inclure des organismes qui:

— opèrent dans une région géographique, telle qu'une ville, un district ou un parc industriel donné;

— appartiennent à un même secteur, tel que l'industrie alimentaire, le transport ferroviaire ou les

universités;

— fournissent un même client (membres de la chaîne d'approvisionnement), comme une chaîne de

supermarchés ou un constructeur automobile;

— ont pour fournisseur un même prestataire de services, comme un propriétaire d'immeuble dans un

centre commercial;
— partagent un même réseau d'utilités (vapeur, électricité, etc.);

— font partie d'un même groupe de franchise et peuvent avoir (ou non) un fournisseur commun, comme

une chaîne de restauration rapide franchisée (avec un fournisseur commun), ou des magasins de

détail indépendants qui opèrent sous une bannière coopérative;

— font partie d'un groupe économique plus vaste, avec des liens financiers ou un actionnariat commun;

— correspondent à différents types d'installations appartenant à une administration communale

(mairie, bibliothèque municipale, hôpital, etc.);

— partagent un objectif ou une cible énergétique commune (fixée volontairement ou imposée);

— ont convenu d'améliorer le même indicateur de performance énergétique (IPÉ);
— sont membres d'une association professionnelle.

L'approche utilisée dans le présent document peut également être utilisée par un organisme multisite

couvert par un système de management unique ou commun.

Les groupements d'organismes peuvent tirer des avantages en matière de management de l'énergie,

qui vont au-delà de ceux dont peut bénéficier un seul organisme, grâce à une approche commune ou

concertée du management de l'énergie par plusieurs organismes. En outre, des opportunités peuvent

être identifiées en se concentrant sur l'énergie qui traverse le périmètre de chaque organisme membre.

Ce type d'opportunité ne peut pas se trouver dans un seul organisme. En général, plus le périmètre est

large, plus il y a de possibilités d'augmenter la performance énergétique et le degré d'amélioration.

L'établissement du GMÉ peut être motivé par des besoins en énergie communs, dans le but de faciliter

les synergies ou de partager une expertise afin d'améliorer la performance énergétique.

EXEMPLE 1 Les investissements liés à l'énergie de grande ampleur peuvent être plus efficaces (une grande

chaudière plutôt que plusieurs petites).

EXEMPLE 2 La chaleur résiduelle ou les sources d'énergie renouvelable locales peuvent être partagées.

Il peut être utile pour la mise en œuvre d'un système de management de l'énergie (SMÉ) pour un

groupement d'organismes si au moins un organisme membre possède une expérience dans le domaine

du management de l'énergie.
vi © ISO 2021 – Tous droits réservés
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ISO 50009:2021(F)

Le présent document contient des recommandations relatives à l'établissement d'un SMÉ commun, sur

le modèle de l'ISO 50001, mais en mettant l'accent sur les questions qui se posent lorsque plusieurs

organismes se regroupent pour coordonner leur management de l'énergie. La présence de plusieurs

organismes nécessite des recommandations par rapport aux aspects organisationnels d'un SMÉ

commun, tels que:
— le leadership;
— la planification;
— le soutien aux actions communes ou conjointes;
— les opérations ou l'exécution d'actions communes ou conjointes;
— le transfert des connaissances;
— le partage des bonnes pratiques;
— l'évaluation de la performance;
— l'assurance d'une amélioration continue.

Un avantage supplémentaire d'un SMÉ commun est la possibilité de partager l'expertise, l'équipement,

etc., entre les organismes membres, afin de réduire les coûts et de favoriser les améliorations du

système.

EXEMPLE 3 Dans une région minière ou agricole isolée, il peut être coûteux de faire appel à des experts (par

exemple, des experts en pompage pour réduire la consommation d'énergie dans l'irrigation agricole) ou de louer

des machines spécialisées. Un GMÉ est souvent en mesure de partager les honoraires ainsi que les frais de voyage

et d'hébergement des experts.
© ISO 2021 – Tous droits réservés vii
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NORME INTERNATIONALE ISO 50009:2021(F)
Systèmes de management de l'énergie —
Recommandations pour la mise en oeuvre d'un
système commun de management de l'énergie dans les
groupements d'organismes
1 Domaine d'application

Le présent document fournit des lignes directrices pour l'établissement, la mise en œuvre, le suivi et

l'amélioration d'un système commun de management de l'énergie (SMÉ) destiné aux groupements

d’organismes.
Le présent document suit la structure générale utilisée dans l'ISO 50001:2018.
2 Références normatives
Le présent document ne contient aucune référence normative.
3 Termes, définitions et abréviations

Pour les besoins du présent document, les termes et définitions suivants s'appliquent.

L'ISO et l'IEC tiennent à jour des bases de données terminologiques destinées à être utilisées en

normalisation, consultables aux adresses suivantes:

— ISO Online browsing platform: disponible à l'adresse https:// www .iso .org/ obp

— IEC Electropedia: disponible à l'adresse http:// www .electropedia .org/ .
3.1 Termes relatifs à l'organisme
3.1.1
organisme

personne ou groupe de personnes ayant un rôle avec les responsabilités, l'autorité et les relations lui

permettant d'atteindre ses objectifs (3.4.11)

Note 1 à l'article: Le concept d'organisme englobe, sans s'y limiter, les travailleurs indépendants, les compagnies,

les sociétés, les firmes, les entreprises, les administrations, les partenariats, les organisations caritatives ou les

institutions, ou bien une partie ou une combinaison des entités précédentes, à responsabilité limitée ou ayant un

autre statut, de droit public ou privé.

Note 2 à l'article: Le présent document utilise les expressions «organismes regroupés» ou «groupement

d'organismes», qui signifient simplement qu'il y a «plus d'un organisme», mais que ces organismes ne doivent pas

nécessairement tous avoir la même forme ou la même structure juridique.
[SOURCE: ISO 50001:2018, 3.1.1, modifiée — La Note 2 à l'article a été ajoutée.]
3.1.2
organisme membre

organisme (3.1.1) faisant partie du groupement de management de l'énergie (3.1.7) qui met en œuvre un

système commun de management de l'énergie (3.2.3)
© ISO 2021 – Tous droits réservés 1
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ISO 50009:2021(F)
3.1.3
direction

personne ou groupe de personnes qui oriente et dirige un organisme membre (3.1.2) au plus haut niveau

Note 1 à l'article: La direction est habilitée à déléguer son autorité et à fournir des ressources au sein de

l'organisme membre.

Note 2 à l'article: Si le domaine d'application du système de management (3.2.1) ne couvre qu'une partie

d'un organisme membre, alors la direction fait référence à ceux qui orientent et dirigent cette partie de

l'organisme membre.

Note 3 à l'article: Dans un groupement de management de l'énergie (3.1.7), il n'y a généralement pas de direction

unique couvrant l'intégralité du groupement.

[SOURCE: ISO 50001:2018, 3.1.2, modifiée — «organisme» a été remplacé par «organisme membre». La

Note 3 à l'article a été remplacée.]
3.1.4
périmètre

limites physiques ou géographiques et/ou limites organisationnelles, telles que définies par le

groupement de management de l'énergie (GMÉ) (3.1.7) et les organismes membres (3.1.2)

Note 1 à l'article: La totalité ou une partie d'un organisme membre peut être incluse dans le périmètre d'un GMÉ.

Note 2 à l'article: Le périmètre peut correspondre à une zone géographique, telle qu'une ville, une région

métropolitaine, un État ou une nation, ou à la zone de concession d'une entreprise de services publics ou d'un

autre fournisseur de services énergétiques.

[SOURCE: ISO 50001:2018, 3.1.3, modifiée — les termes «géographiques et/ou limites» ont été ajoutés

avant «organisationnelles» et «telles que définies par le groupement de management de l'énergie (GMÉ)

et les organismes membres» a été ajouté après «limites». L'exemple a été supprimé. Les Notes 1 et 2 à

l'article ont été ajoutées.]
3.1.5
partie intéressée (terme privilégié)
partie prenante (terme toléré)

personne ou organisme (3.1.1) qui peut soit influer sur une décision ou une activité, soit être influencé

ou s'estimer influencé par une décision ou une activité
[SOURCE: ISO 50001:2018, 3.1.5]
3.1.6
comité de management de l'énergie
CMÉ

comité chargé de coordonner le système commun de management de l'énergie (3.2.3) pour le compte d'un

groupement de management de l'énergie (3.1.7)
3.1.7
groupement de management de l'énergie
GMÉ

deux ou plusieurs organismes (3.1.1) mettant en œuvre un système commun de management de

l'énergie (3.2.3)

Note 1 à l'article: Les organismes membres (3.1.2) d'un GMÉ peuvent avoir (ou non) un lien financier.

2 © ISO 2021 – Tous droits réservés
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ISO 50009:2021(F)
3.2 Termes relatifs au système de management
3.2.1
système de management

ensemble d'éléments corrélés ou en interaction d'un organisme (3.1.1), d'un organisme membre (3.1.2)

ou d'un groupement de management de l'énergie (3.1.7) utilisés pour établir des politiques (3.2.5), des

objectifs (3.4.11) et des processus (3.3.6) de façon à atteindre lesdits objectifs

Note 1 à l'article: Un système de management peut traiter d'un seul ou de plusieurs domaines.

Note 2 à l'article: Les éléments du système comprennent la structure, les rôles et responsabilités, la planification

et le fonctionnement de l'entité.

Note 3 à l'article: Le domaine d'application d'un système de management peut inclure l'ensemble de l'organisme,

de l'organisme membre ou du groupement de management de l'énergie, des fonctions ou sections spécifiques et

identifiées de chaque organisme ou organisme membre, ou une ou plusieurs fonctions dans le groupement de

management de l'énergie.

[SOURCE: ISO 50001:2018, 3.2.1, modifiée — «d'un organisme membre ou d'un groupement de

management de l'énergie» a été ajouté à la définition et à la Note 3 à l'article. «Le domaine d'application

du SMÉ inclut tous les types d'énergie dans son périmètre» a été supprimé de la Note 3 à l'article.]

3.2.2
système de management de l'énergie
SMÉ

système de management (3.2.1) visant à établir une politique énergétique (3.2.6), des objectifs (3.4.11),

des cibles énergétiques (3.4.13), des plans d'actions et un ou plusieurs processus (3.3.6) afin d'atteindre

ces objectifs et cibles énergétiques
[SOURCE: ISO 50001:2018, 3.2.2]
3.2.3
système commun de management de l'énergie
SMÉ commun

SMÉ (3.2.2) mis en œuvre par deux ou plusieurs organismes (3.1.1) et coordonné par un comité de

management de l'énergie (3.1.6)
3.2.4
domaine d'application du système commun de management de l'énergie
domaine d'application du SMÉ commun

ensemble d'activités que le groupement de management de l'énergie (3.1.7) traite par le biais d'un SMÉ

commun (3.2.3)

Note 1 à l'article: Le domaine d'application du SMÉ commun peut comprendre plusieurs périmètres (3.1.4).

Note 2 à l'article: Le domaine d'application du SMÉ commun peut comprendre des activités en dehors du

périmètre des différents organismes membres (3.1.2) et des opérations de transport.

3.2.5
politique

intentions et orientations d'un organisme (3.1.1) telles qu'elles sont officiellement formulées par sa

direction (3.1.3)
[SOURCE: ISO 50001:2018, 3.2.3]
3.2.6
politique énergétique

expression, par le groupement de management de l'énergie (3.1.7), de son (ses) intention(s) générale(s),

de sa (ses) orientation(s) et de son (ses) engagement(s) relatifs à la performance énergétique (3.4.3)

[SOURCE: ISO 50001:2018, 3.2.4, modifiée — «organisme» a été remplacé par «groupement de

management de l'énergie» et «expression formelle par la direction» a été supprimé.]

© ISO 2021 – Tous droits réservés 3
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ISO 50009:2021(F)
3.3 Termes relatifs aux exigences
3.3.1
exigence
besoin ou attente formulé, généralement implicite ou obligatoire

Note 1 à l'article: «Généralement implicite» signifie qu'il est habituel ou courant, pour l'organisme (3.1.1),

l'organisme membre (3.1.2), le groupement de management de l'énergie (3.1.7) et les parties intéressées (3.1.5) que

le besoin ou l'attente en question soit implicite.

Note 2 à l'article: Une exigence spécifiée est une exigence formulée, par exemple une information documentée

(3.3.5).

[SOURCE: ISO 50001:2018, 3.3.1, modifiée — «l'organisme membre, le groupement de management de

l'énergie» a été ajouté à la Note 1 à l'article.]
3.3.2
conformité
satisfaction d'une exigence (3.3.1)
[SOURCE: ISO 50001:2018, 3.3.2]
3.3.3
non-conformité
non-satisfaction d'une exigence (3.3.1)
[SOURCE: ISO 50001:2018, 3.3.3]
3.3.4
action corrective

action visant à éliminer la cause d'une non-conformité (3.3.3) et à éviter que celle-ci ne se reproduise

[SOURCE: ISO 50001:2018, 3.3.4]
3.3.5
information documentée

information devant être maitrisée et tenue à jour par un organisme membre (3.1.2) ou par le comité de

management de l'énergie (3.1.6) ainsi que le support sur lequel elle figure

Note 1 à l'article: Les informations documentées peuvent se présenter sous n'importe quel format et sur tous

supports et peuvent provenir de toute source.
Note 2 à l'article: Les informations documentées peuvent se rapporter:
— au système de management (3.2.1), y compris les processus (3.3.6) connexes;

— aux informations générées en vue du fonctionnement de l'organisme (3.1.1) (documentation);

— aux preuves des résultats obtenus (enregistrements).

[SOURCE: ISO 50001:2018, 3.3.5, modifiée — «un organisme» a été remplacé par «un organisme

membre ou par le comité de management de l'énergie».]
3.3.6
processus

ensemble d'activités corrélées ou en interaction qui transforme des éléments d'entrée en éléments

de sortie

Note 1 à l'article: Un processus lié aux activités d'un organisme (3.1.1) peut être:

— physique (par exemple les procédés consommateurs d'énergie, tels que la combustion); ou

— commercial ou de services (par exemple l'exécution d'une commande).
4 © ISO 2021 – Tous droits réservés
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ISO 50009:2021(F)
[SOURCE: ISO 50001:2018, 3.3.6]
3.3.7
surveillance
détermination de l'état d'un système, d'un processus (3.3.6) ou d'une activité

Note 1 à l'article: Pour déterminer l'état, il peut être nécessaire de vérifier, superviser ou observer de manière

critique.

Note 2 à l'article: Dans un système de management de l'énergie (3.2.2), la surveillance peut être une revue des

données énergétiques.
[SOURCE: ISO 50001:2018, 3.3.7]
3.3.8
audit

processus (3.3.6) méthodique, indépendant et documenté permettant d'obtenir des preuves d'audit et de

les évaluer de manière objective pour déterminer dans quelle mesure les critères d'audi

...

FINAL
INTERNATIONAL ISO/FDIS
DRAFT
STANDARD 50009
ISO/TC 301
Energy management systems —
Secretariat: ANSI
Guidance for implementing a common
Voting begins on:
2020­11­19 energy management system in
multiple organizations
Voting terminates on:
2021­01­14
RECIPIENTS OF THIS DRAFT ARE INVITED TO
SUBMIT, WITH THEIR COMMENTS, NOTIFICATION
OF ANY RELEVANT PATENT RIGHTS OF WHICH
THEY ARE AWARE AND TO PROVIDE SUPPOR TING
DOCUMENTATION.
IN ADDITION TO THEIR EVALUATION AS
Reference number
BEING ACCEPTABLE FOR INDUSTRIAL, TECHNO­
ISO/FDIS 50009:2020(E)
LOGICAL, COMMERCIAL AND USER PURPOSES,
DRAFT INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS MAY ON
OCCASION HAVE TO BE CONSIDERED IN THE
LIGHT OF THEIR POTENTIAL TO BECOME STAN­
DARDS TO WHICH REFERENCE MAY BE MADE IN
NATIONAL REGULATIONS. ISO 2020
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO/FDIS 50009:2020(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2020

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH­1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO/FDIS 50009:2020(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

Introduction ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................vi

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms, definitions and abbreviated terms ................................................................................................................................ 1

3.1 Terms related to organization.................................................................................................................................................... 1

3.2 Terms related to management system ............................................................................................................................... 2

3.3 Terms related to requirement .................................................................................................................................................... 3

3.4 Terms related to performance ................................................................................................................................................... 5

3.5 Terms related to energy .................................................................................................................................................................. 7

3.6 Abbreviated terms ............................................................................................................................................................................... 8

4 Context of the energy management group ................................................................................................................................. 9

4.1 Understanding the energy management group and its context ................................................................... 9

4.2 Understanding the needs and expectations of interested parties .............................................................. 9

4.2.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................... 9

4.2.2 Understanding the legal requirements and other requirements ........................................10

4.3 Determining the scope of the common energy management system ..................................................10

4.3.1 Establishing the scope of the common energy management system ..............................10

4.3.2 Changes to the composition of the energy management group...........................................11

4.4 Energy management system ....................................................................................................................................................11

5 Leadership ...............................................................................................................................................................................................................12

5.1 Leadership and commitment ..................................................................................................................................................12

5.1.1 Top management of each constituent organization .......................................................................12

5.1.2 Energy management committee .....................................................................................................................12

5.2 Common energy policy .................................................................................................................................................................14

5.3 Organizational roles, responsibilities and authorities.......................................................................................14

6 Planning ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................15

6.1 Actions to address risks and opportunities ................................................................................................................15

6.2 Objectives, energy targets and planning to achieve them ..............................................................................15

6.3 Energy review .......................................................................................................................................................................................16

6.4 Energy performance indicators .............................................................................................................................................17

6.5 Energy baseline ...................................................................................................................................................................................18

6.6 Planning for collection of energy data .............................................................................................................................18

7 Support ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................18

7.1 Resources ..................................................................................................................................................................................................18

7.2 Competence ............................................................................................................................................................................................19

7.3 Awareness ................................................................................................................................................................................................19

7.4 Communication ...................................................................................................................................................................................19

7.5 Documented information ............................................................................................................................................................19

8 Operation ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................20

8.1 Operational planning and control .......................................................................................................................................20

8.2 Design ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................20

8.3 Procurement ..........................................................................................................................................................................................20

9 Performance evaluation ............................................................................................................................................................................20

9.1 Monitoring, measurement, analysis and evaluation of energy performance and the

EnMS .............................................................................................................................................................................................................20

9.1.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................20

9.1.2 Actions to improve energy performance by constituent organizations ........................21

9.1.3 Evaluation of compliance with legal requirements and other requirements...........21

9.2 Internal audit .........................................................................................................................................................................................21

9.3 Management review ........................................................................................................................................................................22

© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved iii
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ISO/FDIS 50009:2020(E)

10 Improvement .........................................................................................................................................................................................................22

10.1 Nonconformity and corrective action ..............................................................................................................................22

10.2 Continual improvement by constituent organizations ......................................................................................22

Annex A (informative) Roles and responsibilities of the energy management committee ......................24

Annex B (informative) Examples of energy management groups and common energy

management systems ...................................................................................................................................................................................26

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................29

iv © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
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ISO/FDIS 50009:2020(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non­governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/ directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/ patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO’s adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT), see www .iso .org/

iso/ foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 301, Energy management and energy

savings.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/ members .html.
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ISO/FDIS 50009:2020(E)
Introduction

ISO 50001 has been developed to enable a single organization to establish the systems and processes

necessary to continually improve energy performance. In some situations, better energy management

results are accomplished when several organizations work together to manage their energy collectively

by forming an energy management group (EnMG). These situations can be driven by changes in

technology and the spread of distributed energy resources.
EnMGs can include organizations which:

— operate in a geographical region, such as a city, district or a single industrial park;

— are in a single sector, such as food processing, rail transportation or universities;

— share a common customer (supply chain members), such as a supermarket chain or car manufacturer;

— are served by a common service supplier, such as a building landlord in a shopping mall;

— share one utility system (steam, electricity, etc.);

— form part of a franchise group, which may or may not have a common supplier, such as a franchised

fast food chain (with common supplier), or independent retail stores that operate under a

cooperative banner;
— form part of a wider economic group, with financial links or common ownership;

— are different type of facilities owned by a municipal government (city office, library, hospital, etc.);

— share a common objective or energy target (either voluntarily set or mandated);

— have agreed to improve the same energy performance indicator (EnPI);
— are members of a trade association.

The approach within this document may also be used by a multi-site organization covered by a single or

common management system.

Groups of organizations can derive energy management benefits beyond those realizable by a single

organization through a joint or common approach to energy management by several organizations. In

addition, opportunities can be found by focusing on the energy that flows across the boundaries of each

constituent organization. This type of opportunity cannot be found in a single organization. Generally,

the wider the boundary becomes, the more opportunities there are to improve energy performance and

the amount of improvement.

The establishment of the EnMG can be driven by common energy needs, with the aim of facilitating

synergies or sharing expertise to improve energy performance.

EXAMPLE 1 Large energy investments can be more efficient (one large boiler rather than several small).

EXAMPLE 2 Waste heat or local renewable energy supplies can be shared.

It can be helpful for the implementation of an energy management system (EnMS) for a group of

organizations if at least one constituent organization has experience in energy management.

This document presents guidance on establishing a common EnMS modelled on ISO 50001 but focusing

on the issues that arise when multiple organizations coordinate energy management. The presence

of multiple organizations requires guidance with respect to management aspects of a common EnMS,

such as:
— leadership;
— planning;
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ISO/FDIS 50009:2020(E)
— support for common or joint actions;
— operations or execution of common or joint actions;
— knowledge transfer;
— sharing of best practice;
— performance evaluation;
— ensuring continual improvement.

One additional benefit of a common EnMS is the ability to share expertise, equipment, etc. among

constituent organizations to reduce costs and promote system improvements.

EXAMPLE 3 In an isolated mining or agricultural region it can be costly to bring in expertise (e.g. pumping

experts to reduce energy consumption in irrigated agriculture) or to hire specialized machinery. An EnMG is

often able to share experts’ fees, travel and accommodation costs.
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FINAL DRAFT INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO/FDIS 50009:2020(E)
Energy management systems — Guidance for
implementing a common energy management system in
multiple organizations
1 Scope

This document gives guidelines for establishing, implementing, maintaining and improving a common

energy management system (EnMS) for multiple organizations.
This document follows the general structure used in ISO 50001:2018.
2 Normative references
There are no normative references in this document.
3 Terms, definitions and abbreviated terms
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https:// www .iso .org/ obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at http:// www .electropedia .org/
3.1 Terms related to organization
3.1.1
organization

person or group of people that has its own functions with responsibilities, authorities and relationships

to achieve its objectives (3.4.11)

Note 1 to entry: The concept of organization includes, but is not limited to, sole-trader, company, corporation, firm,

enterprise, authority, partnership, charity or institution, or part or combination thereof, whether incorporated

or not, public or private.

Note 2 to entry: This document refers to “multiple organizations”. Multiple simply means “more than one” and

these organizations need not all have the same form or legal structure.
[SOURCE: ISO 50001:2018, 3.1.1, modified — Note 2 to entry has been added.]
3.1.2
constituent organization

organization (3.1.1) within the energy management group (3.1.7) that implements a common energy

management system (3.2.3)
3.1.3
top management

person or group of people who directs and controls a constituent organization (3.1.2) at the highest level

Note 1 to entry: Top management is empowered to delegate authority and provide resources within the

constituent organization.

Note 2 to entry: If the scope of the management system (3.2.1) covers only part of a constituent organization, then

top management refers to those who direct and control that part of the constituent organization.

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ISO/FDIS 50009:2020(E)

Note 3 to entry: In an energy management group (3.1.7) there is usually no single top management covering the

entire group.

[SOURCE: ISO 50001:2018, 3.1.2, modified — “constituent organization” has replaced “organization”.

Note 3 to entry has been replaced.]
3.1.4
boundary

physical or site limits and/or organizational limits as defined by the energy management group (EnMG)

(3.1.7) and the constituent organizations (3.1.2)

Note 1 to entry: The whole or any part of a constituent organization can be included in the boundary of an EnMG.

Note 2 to entry: The boundary may correspond to a geographic area, such as a city or metropolitan region or

state or nation, or the franchise area of a utility or other energy service provider.

[SOURCE: ISO 50001:2018, 3.1.3, modified — “site limits and/or” has been added before “organizational”

and “as defined by the energy management group (EnMG) and the constituent organizations” has been

added after “limits”. The example has been deleted. Notes 1 and 2 to entry have been added.]

3.1.5
interested party (preferred term)
stakeholder (admitted term)

person or organization (3.1.1) that can affect, be affected by, or perceive itself to be affected by a

decision or activity
[SOURCE: ISO 50001:2018, 3.1.5]
3.1.6
energy management committee
EnMC

committee to coordinate the common energy management system (3.2.3) on behalf of an energy

management group (3.1.7)
3.1.7
energy management group
EnMG

two or more organizations (3.1.1) implementing a common energy management system (3.2.3)

Note 1 to entry: Constituent organizations (3.1.2) within an EnMG may or may not have a financial connection.

3.2 Terms related to management system
3.2.1
management system

set of interrelated or interacting elements of an organization (3.1.1), constituent organization (3.1.2)

or energy management group (3.1.7) to establish policies (3.2.5) and objectives (3.4.11) and processes

(3.3.6) to achieve those objectives

Note 1 to entry: A management system can address a single discipline or several disciplines.

Note 2 to entry: The system elements include the entity’s structure, roles and responsibilities, planning and

operation.

Note 3 to entry: The scope of a management system can include the whole of the organization, constituent

organization or energy management group, specific and identified functions or sections of each organization or

constituent organization, or one or more functions across the energy management group.

[SOURCE: ISO 50001:2018, 3.2.1, modified — “constituent organization or energy management group”

has been added to the definition and to Note 3 to entry. “The EnMS scope includes all energy types

within its boundaries” has been deleted from Note 3 to entry.]
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ISO/FDIS 50009:2020(E)
3.2.2
energy management system
EnMS

management system (3.2.1) to establish an energy policy (3.2.6), objectives (3.4.11), energy targets

(3.4.13), action plans and process(es) (3.3.6) to achieve the objectives and energy targets

[SOURCE: ISO 50001:2018, 3.2.2]
3.2.3
common energy management system
common EnMS

EnMS (3.2.2) implemented by two or more organizations (3.1.1) that is coordinated by an energy

management committee (3.1.6)
3.2.4
common energy management system scope
common EnMS scope

set of activities which the energy management group (3.1.7) addresses through a common EnMS (3.2.3)

Note 1 to entry: The common EnMS scope can include several boundaries (3.1.4).

Note 2 to entry: The common EnMS scope can include activities outside the boundaries of individual constituent

organizations (3.1.2) and transport operations.
3.2.5
policy

intentions and direction of an organization (3.1.1), as formally expressed by its top management (3.1.3)

[SOURCE: ISO 50001:2018, 3.2.3]
3.2.6
energy policy

statement by the energy management group (3.1.7) of its overall intention(s), direction(s) and

commitment(s) related to its energy performance (3.4.3)

[SOURCE: ISO 50001:2018, 3.2.4, modified — “energy management group” has replaced “organization”

and “as formally expressed by top management” has been deleted.]
3.3 Terms related to requirement
3.3.1
requirement
need or expectation that is stated, generally implied or obligatory

Note 1 to entry: “Generally implied” means that it is custom or common practice for the organization (3.1.1),

constituent organization (3.1.2), energy management group (3.1.7) and interested parties (3.1.5) that the need or

expectation under consideration is implied.

Note 2 to entry: A specified requirement is one that is stated, for example in documented information (3.3.5).

[SOURCE: ISO 50001:2018, 3.3.1, modified — “constituent organization, energy management group”

has been added to Note 1 to entry.]
3.3.2
conformity
fulfilment of a requirement (3.3.1)
[SOURCE: ISO 50001:2018, 3.3.2]
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ISO/FDIS 50009:2020(E)
3.3.3
nonconformity
non-fulfilment of a requirement (3.3.1)
[SOURCE: ISO 50001:2018, 3.3.3]
3.3.4
corrective action

action to eliminate the cause of a nonconformity (3.3.3) and to prevent recurrence

[SOURCE: ISO 50001:2018, 3.3.4]
3.3.5
documented information

information required to be controlled and maintained by a constituent organization (3.1.2) or the energy

management committee (3.1.6) and the medium on which it is contained

Note 1 to entry: Documented information can be in any format and media, and from any source.

Note 2 to entry: Documented information can refer to:
— the management system (3.2.1), including related processes (3.3.6);

— information created in order for the organization (3.1.1) to operate (documentation);

— evidence of results achieved (records).

[SOURCE: ISO 50001:2018, 3.3.5, modified — “a constituent organization or the energy management

committee” has replaced “an organization”.]
3.3.6
process

set of interrelated or interacting activities which transform inputs into outputs

Note 1 to entry: A process related to an organization’s (3.1.1) activities can be:

— physical (e.g. energy-using processes, such as combustion); or
— business or service (e.g. order fulfilment).
[SOURCE: ISO 50001:2018, 3.3.6]
3.3.7
monitoring
determining the status of a system, a process (3.3.6) or an activity

Note 1 to entry: To determine the status, there can be a need to check, supervise or critically observe.

Note 2 to entry: In an energy management system (3.2.2), monitoring can be a review of energy data.

[SOURCE: ISO 50001:2018, 3.3.7]
3.3.8
audit

systematic, independent and documented process (3.3.6) for obtaining audit evidence and evaluating it

objectively to determine the extent to which the audit criteria are fulfilled

Note 1 to entry: An audit can be an internal audit (first party) or an external audit (second party or third party),

and it can be a combined audit (combining two or more disciplines).

Note 2 to entry: An internal audit is conducted by the organization (3.1.1) itself, or by another constituent

organization (3.1.2) within the energy management group (3.1.7), or by an external party on its behalf.

Note 3 to entry: “Audit evidence” and “audit criteria” are defined in ISO 19011.
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Note 4 to entry: The term “audit” as defined here and as used in this document means the internal audit of an

energy management system (3.2.2). This is different from an “energy audit”. In this definition, “audit evidence”

means evidence from an internal audit of the energy management system, and not evidence from an energy audit.

[SOURCE: ISO 50001:2018, 3.3.8, modified — “or by another constituent organization within the energy

management group” has been added to Note 2 to entry.]
3.3.9
outsource, verb

make an arrangement where an external organization (3.1.1) performs part of an organization’s

function or process (3.3.6)

Note 1 to entry: While an external organization is outside the scope of the management system (3.2.1), the

outsourced function or process is within the scope.
[SOURCE: ISO 50001:2018, 3.3.9]
3.4 Terms related to performance
3.4.1
measurement
process (3.3.6) to determine a value

Note 1 to entry: See ISO/IEC Guide 99 for additional information on measurement-related concepts.

[SOURCE: ISO 50001:2018, 3.4.1]
3.4.2
performance
measurable result

Note 1 to entry: Performance can relate either to quantitative or qualitative findings.

Note 2 to entry: Performance can relate to the management of activities, processes (3.3.6), products (including

services), systems, organizations (3.1.1), constituent organizations (3.1.2) or to the energy management group

(3.1.7).

[SOURCE: ISO 50001:2018, 3.4.2, modified — “constituent organizations or to the energy management

group” has been added to Note 2 to entry.]
3.4.3
energy performance

measurable result(s) related to energy efficiency (3.5.3), energy use (3.5.4) and energy consumption (3.5.2)

Note 1 to entry: Energy performance can be measured against the constituent organization’s (3.1.2) or the energy

management group’s (3.1.7) objectives (3.4.11), energy targets (3.4.13) and other energy performance requirements

(3.3.1).
Note 2 to entry: Energy
...

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