Traditional Chinese medicine -- Priority list of single herbal medicines for developing standards

This document provides a reference of single herbal medicines in order of their priority in the development of international standards.

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TECHNICAL ISO/TR
REPORT 23975
First edition
2019-11
Traditional Chinese medicine —
Priority list of single herbal medicines
for developing standards
Reference number
ISO/TR 23975:2019(E)
ISO 2019
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO/TR 23975:2019(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2019

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
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Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
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Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2019 – All rights reserved
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ISO/TR 23975:2019(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Principles ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

5 Technical indexes ................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

5.1 International trading ......................................................................................................................................................................... 1

5.2 Single herbal medicines recorded in pharmacopoeias ........................................................................................ 3

5.3 Safety concerns ....................................................................................................................................................................................36

5.4 Single herbal medicine standards published or under development .................................................43

5.5 Endangered species .........................................................................................................................................................................43

6 Data processing ..................................................................................................................................................................................................44

6.1 Expert consultation ..........................................................................................................................................................................44

6.2 Data statistics ........................................................................................................................................................................................44

7 Single herbal medicines in order of priority ........................................................................................................................44

Annex A (informative) Priority list of single herbal medicines ranked from 101 to 366 ...........................50

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................62

© ISO 2019 – All rights reserved iii
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ISO/TR 23975:2019(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/ directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/ patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) see www .iso .org/

iso/ foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 249, Traditional Chinese medicine.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/ members .html.
iv © ISO 2019 – All rights reserved
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ISO/TR 23975:2019(E)
Introduction

Being a significant part of traditional medicine systems and general health services, traditional Chinese

medicine is estimated to be used in over 180 countries and regions around the world. This is reflected

by the statistics cited from the WHO report that there are 4 billion people in the world using herbal

medicines, accounting for 80 % of the total world population. Asia, North America, and Europe are

regarded as the major markets for herbal medicines. Moreover, incomplete Chinese customs statistics

show that the import and export of herbal medicine products in China was worth over 4,7 billion USD in

2015. Therefore, it is very important to develop globally harmonized standards in order to ensure the

safety of consumers. In particular, those herbal medicines which have been reported to cause adverse

drug reactions (ADR) are drawing much attention from national health administrations.

There are a great number of single herbs on the market; for instance, 618 kinds of herbs have been

included in the Pharmacopoeia of the People's Republic of China. Currently, organizations, regions and

countries including ISO, WHO, the European Union, China, Japan, Korea, the USA, the UK and Thailand

are making valuable contributions by developing standards for single herbs. This document presents

a list of single herbal medicines in order of priority for the purposes of developing standards on single

herbs in a scientific and orderly manner. This document can be used as a reference by any organization

wishing to develop standards on single herbal medicines.
The following factors have been considered in setting the priorities:
— the trade volume of each single herbal medicine in the global market;

— whether the herbal medicine is recorded by the Pharmacopoeia of the People's Republic of China, Hong

Kong Chinese Materia Medica Standards, the Japanese Pharmacopoeia, the Korean Pharmacopoeia, the

European Pharmacopoeia, the United States Pharmacopoeia or the Thai Herbal Pharmacopoeia;

— whether there are potential risks from its use;

— whether the herbal medicine is listed in the Convention on International Trade in Endangered

[27]
Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) ;
— opinions from experts.
© ISO 2019 – All rights reserved v
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TECHNICAL REPORT ISO/TR 23975:2019(E)
Traditional Chinese medicine — Priority list of single
herbal medicines for developing standards
1 Scope

This document provides a reference of single herbal medicines in order of their priority in the

development of international standards.
2 Normative references
There are no normative references in this document.
3 Terms and definitions
No terms and definitions are listed in this document.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https:// www .iso .org/ obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at http:// www .electropedia .org/
4 Principles

4.1 Herbal medicines which have a large international trading value are listed as high priority.

4.2 Standards of common herbal medicines recorded in the Pharmacopoeia of the People's Republic

of China, Hong Kong Chinese Materia Medica Standards, the Japanese Pharmacopoeia, the Korean

Pharmacopoeia, the European Pharmacopoeia, the United States Pharmacopoeia and the Thai Herbal

Pharmacopoeia are listed as high priority.

4.3 Herbal medicines that have safety concerns, such as those widely reported to cause ADR, are listed

as high priority.

4.4 Single herbal medicines for which there are existing ISO standards are listed as high priority.

4.5 Herbal medicines which are included in CITES are listed as low priority.
5 Technical indexes
5.1 International trading

Table 1 provides information on single herbal medicines which had a large international trading value

in China from 2012 to 2016 (sorted by export value).
© ISO 2019 – All rights reserved 1
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ISO/TR 23975:2019(E)

Table 1 — The top 30 average export values of single herbal medicines in China from 2012 to 2016

Rank Herbal name Pharmaceu- Chinese English name Average
tical name name export value
(RMB)
1 Panax ginseng root ginseng radix ginseng 126 734 151,80
et rhizoma
2 Lycium barbarum fruit lycii fructus 枸杞子 barbary wolfberry 94 077 843,40
fruit
3 Rehmannia glutinosa root rehmanniae 地黄 rehmannia root 44 922 908,20
radix
4 Codonopsis pilosula root/Co- codonopsis 党参 tangshen 41 610 730,40
donopsis pilosula var. modesta radix
root/Codonopsis tangshen root
5 Atractylodes macrocephala atractylo- 白术 largehead atracty- 38 199 927
rhizome dis macro- lodes rhizome
cephalae
rhizoma
6 Poria cocos sclerotium poria 茯苓 Indian bread 36 716 994,40
7 Chrysanthemum morifolium chrysan- 菊花 chrysanthemum flower 34 606 367
capitulum themi flos
8 Ligusticum chuanxiong rhizome chuanxiong 川芎 Szechwan lovage 31 187 826,60
rhizoma rhizome
9 Paeonia lactiflora root paeoniae 白芍 white peony root 27 389 650,20
radix alba
10 Panax notoginseng root and notoginseng 三七 sanchi 25 725 161,60
rhizome radix et rhi-
zoma
11 Pinellia ternata tuber pinelliae 半夏 pinellia tuber 24 263 936,40
rhizoma
12 Astragalus membranaceus var. astragli radix milkvetch root 22 314 041,40
mongholicus root/Astragalus
membranaceus root
13 Glycyrrhiza glabra root and glycyrrhizae 甘草 licorice root 21 464 347,60
rhizome/Glycyrrhiza inflata radix et rhi-
root and rhizome/Glycyrrhiza zoma
glabra root and rhizome
14 Angelica sinensis root angelicae sin-当归 Chinese angelica 21 158 784,20
ensis radix
15 Eucommia ulmoides stem bark eucommiae 杜仲 eucommia bark 18 636 687
cortex
16 Panax quinquefolium root panacis 西洋参 American ginseng 15 863 902
quinquefolii
radix
17 Cordyceps sinensis stroma cordyceps Chinese caterpillar 13 309 846,20
冬虫夏草
fungus
18 Cervus nippon antler/Cervus cervi cornu 鹿茸 deer horn 12 191 913
elaphus antler pantotri-
chum

19 Scutellaria baicalensis root scutellariae 黄芩 baical skullcap root 9 314 610,60

radix

NOTE 1 Data from China Chamber of Commerce for Import and Export of Medicines and Health Products (CCCMHPIE).

NOTE 2 Deer horn is a kind of animal material and opium poppy seed is not recorded by the Pharmacopoeia of the People's

Republic of China, therefore these data will not be counted in the final result.

NOTE 3 Export value of herbal medicine from other countries, if any, will be complemented.

2 © ISO 2019 – All rights reserved
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ISO/TR 23975:2019(E)
Table 1 (continued)
Rank Herbal name Pharmaceu- Chinese English name Average
tical name name export value
(RMB)
20 Rheum palmatum root and rhi- rhei radix et rhubarb 7 318 400,40
zome/Rheum tanguticum root rhizoma
and rhizome/Rheum officinale
root and rhizome
21 Papaver somniferum seed papaveris 罂粟子 opium poppy seed 6 819 266,80
semen
22 Sophora japonica flower and sophorae flos 槐花 pagodatree flower 5 297 235,80
flower bud

23 Fritillaria cirrhosa bulb/Fri- fritillariae 川贝母/浙 tendrilleaf fritillary 4 263 230,20

tillaria unibracteata bulb/ cirrhosae 贝母 bulb/thunberg fritil-
Fritillaria przewalskii bulb/Fri- bulbus/ lary bulb
tillaria delavayi bulb/Fritillaria fritillariae
taipaiensis bulb/Fritillaria uni- thunbergii
bracteata var. wabuensis bulb/ bulbus
Fritillaria thunbergii bulb
24 Coptis chinensis rhizome/Cop- coptidis 黄连 golden thread 4 172 511,20
tis deltoidea rhizome/Coptis rhizoma
teeta rhizome

25 Adenophora tetraphylla root/ adenophorae 南/北沙参 fourleaf ladybell root/ 3 240 574,80

Glehnia littoralis root radix/glehni- coastal glehnia root
ae radix
26 Ephedra sinica stem/Ephedra ephedrae ephedra 2 995 217,80
intermedia stem/Ephedra equi- herba
setina stem
27 Curcuma longa rhizome curcumae 姜黄 turmeric 2 667 216,40
longae rhi-
zoma
28 Gastrodia elata tuber gastrodiae 天麻 tall gastrodia tuber 2 239 951,60
rhizoma
29 Sterculia lychnophora seed sterculiae 胖大海 boat-fruited sterculia 1 922 922,20
lychnopho- seed
rae semen
30 Crocus sativus stigma croci stigma 西红花 saffron 1 864 890,40

NOTE 1 Data from China Chamber of Commerce for Import and Export of Medicines and Health Products (CCCMHPIE).

NOTE 2 Deer horn is a kind of animal material and opium poppy seed is not recorded by the Pharmacopoeia of the People's

Republic of China, therefore these data will not be counted in the final result.

NOTE 3 Export value of herbal medicine from other countries, if any, will be complemented.

5.2 Single herbal medicines recorded in pharmacopoeias

In total there are 301 kinds of single herbal medicines recorded at least twice among the Pharmacopoeia of

the People’s Republic of China, Hong Kong Chinese Materia Medica Standards, the Japanese Pharmacopoeia,

the Korean Pharmacopoeia, the European Pharmacopoeia, the United States Pharmacopoeia and the Thai

Herbal Pharmacopoeia (see Table 2). There are 253 kinds of single herbal medicines that are recorded

both in the Pharmacopoeia of the People's Republic of China and Hong Kong Chinese Materia Medica

Standards, 92 recorded both in the Pharmacopoeia of the People's Republic of China and the Japanese

Pharmacopoeia, 104 recorded both in the Pharmacopoeia of the People's Republic of China and the

Korean Pharmacopoeia, 64 recorded both in the Pharmacopoeia of the People's Republic of China and the

European Pharmacopoeia, 20 recorded both in the Pharmacopoeia of the People's Republic of China and

the United States Pharmacopoeia and 18 recorded both in the Pharmacopoeia of the People's Republic of

China and the Thai Herbal Pharmacopoeia.
© ISO 2019 – All rights reserved 3
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ISO/TR 23975:2019(E)
4 © ISO 2019 – All rights reserved
Table 2 — Single herbal medicines recorded in seven pharmacopoeias or standards

Occur- Herbal name Pharmaceutical name Chinese English name CHP HKS JP KP EUP USP THP Note

rences name
6 Atractylodes chinense atractylodis rhizoma 苍术 atractylodes rhizome x x x x x x
rhizome/Atractylodes
lancea rhizome
6 Curcuma longa rhi- curcumae longae rhi- turmeric x x x x x x Curcuma domestica
zome zoma rhizome
6 Polygonum multi- polygoni multiflori fleeceflower root x x x x x x
何首乌
florum root tuber radix
6 Salvia miltiorrhiza salviae miltiorrhizae 丹参 danshen root x x x x x x
root and rhizome radix et rhizoma

6 Schisandra chinensis schisandrae chinensis 五味子 Chinese magnoliavine x x x x x x

fruit fructus fruit
6 Zingiber officinale zingiberis rhizoma 干姜 zingiber (dried ginger) x x x x x x
rhizome
5 Anemarrhena aspho- anemarrhenae rhizoma知母 common anemarrhe- x x x x x
deloides rhizome na rhizome
5 Angelica dahurica angelicae dahuricae dahurian angelica root x x x x x
root/angelica dahu- radix
rica root
5 Areca catechu seed arecae semen 槟榔 areca seed x x x x x
5 Astragalus membran- astragli radix 黄芪 milkvetch root x x x x x
aceus var. mongholi-
cus root/Astragalus
membranaceus root
Key
CHP Pharmacopoeia of the People's Republic of China
HKS Hong Kong Chinese Materia Medica Standards
JP Japanese Pharmacopoeia
KP Korean Pharmacopoeia
EUP European Pharmacopoeia
USP United States Pharmacopoeia
THP Thai Herbal Pharmacopoeia
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ISO/TR 23975:2019(E)
© ISO 2019 – All rights reserved 5
Table 2 (continued)

Occur- Herbal name Pharmaceutical name Chinese English name CHP HKS JP KP EUP USP THP Note

rences name
5 Capsicum annuum capsici fructus 辣椒 hot pepper x x x x x Capsicum annuum
fruit var. minimum fruit/
Capsium frutescens
fruit/Capsicum mini-
mum fruit/Capsicum
fastigiatum fruit
5 Carthamus tinctorius carthami flos 红花 safflower x x x x x
flower
5 Cassia angustifolia sennae folium senna leaf x x x x x Cassia senna dried
番泻叶
leaf/Cassia acutifolia leaflet
leaf
5 Cassia obtusifolia cassiae semen 决明子 cassia seed x x x x x
seed/cassia tora seed
5 Cinnamomum cassia cinnamomi cortex 肉桂 cassia bark x x x x x Cinnamomum verum
bark bark
5 Codonopsis pilosula codonopsis radix 党参 tangshen x x x x x
root/Codonopsis
pilosula var. modes-
ta root/Codonopsis
tangshen root

5 Coix lacrymajobi var. coicis semen 薏苡仁 coix seed x x x x x Coix lacrymajobi ssp.

mayuen kernel mayuen kernel
Key
CHP Pharmacopoeia of the People's Republic of China
HKS Hong Kong Chinese Materia Medica Standards
JP Japanese Pharmacopoeia
KP Korean Pharmacopoeia
EUP European Pharmacopoeia
USP United States Pharmacopoeia
THP Thai Herbal Pharmacopoeia
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
ISO/TR 23975:2019(E)
6 © ISO 2019 – All rights reserved
Table 2 (continued)

Occur- Herbal name Pharmaceutical name Chinese English name CHP HKS JP KP EUP USP THP Note

rences name

5 Dioscorea opposita dioscoreae rhizoma 山药 common yam rhizome x x x x x Dioscorea japonica

rhizome rhizome/Dioscorea
batatas rhizome/Di-
oscorea polystachya
rhizome
5 Ephedra sinica stem/ ephedrae herba 麻黄 ephedra x x x x x
Ephedra intermedia
stem/Ephedra equi-
setina stem
5 Eucommia ulmoides eucommiae cortex eucommia bark x x x x x
bark
5 Foeniculum vulgare foeniculi fructus 小茴香 fennel x x x x x Foeniculum vulgare
fruit ssp. vulgare fruit

5 Lycium barbarum fruit lycii fructus 枸杞子 barbary wolfberry x x x x x Lycium chinense fruit

fruit
5 Panax ginseng root ginseng radix et rhi- 人参 ginseng x x x x x
zoma

5 Prunella vulgaris prunellae spica 夏枯草 common selfheal x x x x x Prunella vulgaris var.

fruit-spike fruit-spike lilacina spike
5 Pueraria lobata root puerariae lobatae radix葛根 kudzuvine root x x x x x

5 Rehmannia glutinosa rehmanniae radix 地黄 rehmannia root x x x x x Rehmannia glutinosa

root var. purpurea root
Key
CHP Pharmacopoeia of the People's Republic of China
HKS Hong Kong Chinese Materia Medica Standards
JP Japanese Pharmacopoeia
KP Korean Pharmacopoeia
EUP European Pharmacopoeia
USP United States Pharmacopoeia
THP Thai Herbal Pharmacopoeia
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
ISO/TR 23975:2019(E)
© ISO 2019 – All rights reserved 7
Table 2 (continued)

Occur- Herbal name Pharmaceutical name Chinese English name CHP HKS JP KP EUP USP THP Note

rences name
5 Rheum palmatum rhei radix et rhizoma 大黄 rhurbarb x x x x x Rheum palmatum
root and rhizome/ rhizome/Rheum
Rheum tanguticum tanguticum rhizome/
root and rhizome/ Rheum officinale
Rheum officinale root rhizome/rheum
and rhizome coreanum rhizome
4 Achyranthes bidenta- achyranthis bidenta- 牛膝 twotoothed achyran- x x x x
ta root tae radix thes root
4 Akebia quinata stem/ akebiae caulis akebia stem x x x x
akebia trifoliata stem/
akebia trifoliata var.
australis stem
4 Alisma orientale tuber alismatis rhizoma 泽泻 oriental waterplan- x x x x
tain rhizome
4 Amomum villosum amomi fructus 砂仁 villous amomum fruit x x x x Amomum xanthi-
fruit/Amomum villo- oides seed
sum var. xanthioides
fruit/Amomum long-
gigulare fruit
4 Andrographis panicu- andrographidis herba 穿心莲 common androgra- x x x x
lata herb phis herb

4 Angelica sinensis root angelicae sinensis radix Chinese angelica x x x x Angelica archangeli-

ca root

4 Atractylodes macro- atractylodis macro- largehead atracty- x x x x Atractylodes japoni-

cephala rhizome cephalae rhizoma lodes rhizome ca rhizome
Key
CHP Pharmacopoeia of the People's Republic of China
HKS Hong Kong Chinese Materia Medica Standards
JP Japanese Pharmacopoeia
KP Korean Pharmacopoeia
EUP European Pharmacopoeia
USP United States Pharmacopoeia
THP Thai Herbal Pharmacopoeia
---------------------- Page: 12 ----------------------
ISO/TR 23975:2019(E)
8 © ISO 2019 – All rights reserved
Table 2 (continued)

Occur- Herbal name Pharmaceutical name Chinese English name CHP HKS JP KP EUP USP THP Note

rences name
4 Aucklandia lappa root aucklandiae radix 木香 common aucklandia x x x x
root

4 Bupleurum chinense bupleuri radix 柴胡 Chinese thorowrax x x x x Bulpleurum falcatum

root/Bupleurum scor- root root
zonerifolium root

4 Centella asiatica herb centellae herba asiatic pennywort herb x x x x Centella coriacea

积雪草
herb/Hydrocoty-
le asiatica herb/
Hydrocotyle lunata
herb/Trisanthus
cochinchinensis herb

4 Cimicifuga hera- cimicifugae rhizoma 升麻 largetrifoliolious bug- x x x x Cimicifuga simplex

cleifolia rhizome/ bane rhizome rhizome
Cimicifuga dahurica
rhizome/Cimicifuga
foetida rhizome

4 Coptis chinensis coptidis rhizoma 黄连 golden thread x x x x Coptis japonica rhi-

rhizome/Coptis del- zome
toidea rhizome/Cop-
tis teeta rhizome
4 Cornus officinalis corni fructus 山茱萸 asiatic cornelian cher- x x x x
sarcocarp ry fruit
4 Crocus sativus stigma croci stigma 西红花 saffron x x x x
Key
CHP Pharmacopoeia of the People's Republic of China
HKS Hong Kong Chinese Materia Medica Standards
JP Japanese Pharmacopoeia
KP Korean Pharmacopoeia
EUP European Pharmacopoeia
USP United States Pharmacopoeia
THP Thai Herbal Pharmacopoeia
---------------------- Page: 13 ----------------------
ISO/TR 23975:2019(E)
© ISO 2019 – All rights reserved 9
Table 2 (continued)

Occur- Herbal name Pharmaceutical name Chinese English name CHP HKS JP KP EUP USP THP Note

rences name

4 Curcuma phaeocaulis curcumae rhizoma 莪术 zedoray rhizome x x x x Curcuma zedoaria

rhizome/Curcu- rhizome
ma kwangsiensis
rhizome/Curcuma
wenyujin rhizome
4 Cyperus rotundus cyperi rhizoma 香附 nutgrass galingale x x x x
rhizome rhizome
4 Drynaria fortunei drynariae rhizoma fortune's drynaria x x x x
骨碎补
rhizome rhizome

4 Euodia rutaecarpa euodiae fructus 吴茱萸 medicinal euodia fruit x x x x Euodia officinalis

fruit/Euodia rutae- fruit/Euodia bodinie-
carpa var. officinalis ri fruit
fruit/Euodia rutaecar-
pa var. bodinieri fruit

4 Epimedium brevicor- epimedii folium 淫羊藿 epimedium leaf x x x x Epimedium wushan-

num leaf/Epimedium ense leaf/Epimedium
sagittatum leaf/ grandiflorum var.
Epimedium pubes- thunbergianum leaf/
ceens leaf/Epimedium Epimedium semper-
koreanum leaf virens leaf

4 Forsythia suspensa forsythiae fructus 连翘 weeping forsythia x x x x Forsythia virdissima

fruit capsule fruit
4 Gardenia jasminoides gardeniae fructus 栀子 cape jasmine fruit x x x x
fruit
4 Ginkgo biloba leaf ginkgo folium ginkgo leaf x x x x
银杏叶
Key
CHP Pharmacopoeia of the People's Republic of China
HKS Hong Kong Chinese Materia Medica Standards
JP Japanese Pharmacopoeia
KP Korean Pharmacopoeia
EUP European Pharmacopoeia
USP United States Pharmacopoeia
THP Thai Herbal Pharmacopoeia
---------------------- Page: 14 ----------------------
ISO/TR 23975:2019(E)
10 © ISO 2019 – All rights reserved
Table 2 (continued)

Occur- Herbal name Pharmaceutical name Chinese English name CHP HKS JP KP EUP USP THP Note

rences name
4 Glehnia littoralis root glehniae radix 北沙参 coastal glehnia root x x x x
4 Glycyrrhiza uralensis glycyrrhizae radix et licorice root x x x x
root and rhizome/ rhizoma
Glycyrrhiza inflata
root and rhizome/
Glycyrrhiza glabra
root and rhizome

4 Leonurum japonicus leonuri herba 益母草 motherwort herb x x x x Leonurus sibiricus

herb herb

4 Lindera aggregata linderae radix 乌药 combined spicebush x x x x Lindera strychnifolia

root tuber root root
4 Lonicera japonica lonicerae japonicae flos金银花 Japanese honeysuckle x x x x
flower flower

4 Lycopus lucidus var. lycopi herba 泽兰 hirsute shiny bugle- x x x x Lycopus lucidus herb

hirtus herb weed herb

4 Magnolia officinalis magnoliae officinalis 厚朴 officinal magnolia bark x x x x Magnolia obovata

bark/magnolia offici- cortex bark
nalis var. biloba bark
4 Myristica fragrans myristicae semen nutmeg x x x x
肉豆蔻
kernel
4 processed Aconitum aconiti lateralis radix 附子 prepared common x x x x
carmichaelii daugh- monkshood daughter
ter root root
4 Paeonia suffruticosa moutan cortex 牡丹皮 tree peony bark x x x x
root bark
Key
CHP Pharmacopoeia of the People's Republic of China
HKS Hong Kong Chinese Materia Medica Standards
JP Japanese Pharmacopoeia
KP Korean Pharmacopoeia
EUP European Pharmacopoeia
USP United States Pharmacopoeia
THP Thai Herbal Pharmacopoeia
---------------------- Page: 15 ----------------------
ISO/TR 23975:2019(E)
© ISO 2019 – All rights reserved 11
Table 2 (continued)

Occur- Herbal name Pharmaceutical name Chinese English name CHP HKS JP KP EUP USP THP Note

rences name
4 Panax ginseng ginseng radix rubra 红参 red ginseng x x x x
steamed root
4 Panax notoginseng notoginseng radix et 三七 sanchi x x x x Panax pseudoginseng
root and rhizome rhizoma var. notoginseng root
4 Phellodendron phellodendri amuren- amur cork-tree x x x x Phellodendron chin-
关黄柏
amurense bark sis cortex ense bark

4 Picrorhiza scrophu- picrorhizae rhizoma 胡黄连 figwortflower picro- x x x x Picrorhiza kurrooa

lariiflora rhizome hiza rhizome root and rhizome
4 Platycodon grandif- platycodonis radix 桔梗 platycodon root x x x x
lorum root

4 Polygala sibirica root polygalae radix 远志 thinleaf milkwort root x x x x Polygala tenuifolia

root
4 Poria cocos sclerotium poria 茯苓 Indian bread x x x x
4 Prunus persica seed/ persicae semen 桃仁 peach seed x x x x Prunus persica var.
prunus davidiana seed davidiana seed

4 Saposhnikovia divari- saposhnikoviae radix 防风 divaricate saposhniko- x x x x Saposhnikovia

cata root via root divaricata root and
rhizome

4 Sesamum tenuifolia schizonepetae spica 荆芥穗 fineleaf schizonepeta x x x x schizonepeta tenuifo-

fruit-spike spike lia spike
4 Scutellaria baicalen- scutellariae radix 黄芩 baical skullcap root x x x x
sis root
Key
CHP Pharmacopoeia of the People's Republic of China
HKS Hong Kong Chinese Materia Medica Standards
JP Japanese Pharmacopoeia
KP Korean Pharmacopoeia
EUP European Pharmacopoeia
USP United States Pharmacopoeia
THP Thai Herbal Pharmacopoeia
---------------------- Page: 16 ----------------------
ISO/TR 23975:2019(E)
12 © ISO 2019 – All rights reserved
Table 2 (continued)

Occur- Herbal name Pharmaceutical name Chinese English name CHP HKS JP KP EUP USP THP Note

rences name
4 Sinomenium acuturn sinomenii caulis 青风藤 orientvine stem x x x x
stem/sinamenium
acutum var. cinereum
stem
4 Sophora flavescens sophorae flavescentis 苦参 lightyellow sophora x x x x
root radix root
4 Strychnos nux-vomica strychni semen nux vomica x x x x
马钱子
seed
4 Styrax tonkinensis benzoinum 安息香 benzoin x x x x
resin
4 Tribulus terrestris tribuli fructus 蒺藜 puncturevine caltrop x x x x
fruit fruit
4 Ziziphus jujube fruit jujubae fructus 大枣 Chinese date x x x x Ziziphus jujube
var. inermis fruit/
ziziphus jujube var.
hoonensis fruit
3 Acanthopanax gracili- acanthopanacis cortex 五加皮 slenderstyle acantho- x x x
stylus root and bark panax bark
3 Actium lappa fruit arctii fructus 牛蒡子 great burdock achene x x x
3 Aloe barbadensis aloe 芦荟 aloes x x x Aloe jafricana juice/
juice/aloe ferox juice Aloe spicata juice
3 Alpinia katsumadai alpiniae katsumadai 草豆蔻 katsumada galangal x x x
seed semen seed
Key
CHP Pharmacopoeia of the People's Republic of China
HKS Hong Kong Chinese Materia Medica Standards
JP Japa
...

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