Road vehicles — Reduction of misuse risk of child restraint systems — Part 2: Requirements and test procedures for correct installation (panel method)

This document specifies the requirements and methods for judging the risk of installation misuse of child restraint systems (CRS) with the help of assigned evaluation panels. The methods described can be used regardless of type of installation of the CRS, e.g. with vehicle seat belts, ISOFIX/LATCH and different types of anti-rotation devices. The installation can include the evaluation of the interface between the child and the CRS, e.g. a harness or an impact shield. This document is intended for technical assessment. It can be applied separately or in conjunction with the MMEA evaluation, described in ISO 13215-3.

Véhicules routiers — Réduction du risque de mauvaise utilisation des systèmes de retenue pour enfants — Partie 2: Exigences et méthodes d'essai pour une installation correcte (méthode par panel)

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
30-Aug-2022
Current Stage
6060 - International Standard published
Due Date
24-Jan-2022
Completion Date
31-Aug-2022
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ISO 13215-2:2022 - Road vehicles — Reduction of misuse risk of child restraint systems — Part 2: Requirements and test procedures for correct installation (panel method) Released:31. 08. 2022
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INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 13215-2
Second edition
2022-08
Road vehicles — Reduction of misuse
risk of child restraint systems —
Part 2:
Requirements and test procedures for
correct installation (panel method)
Véhicules routiers — Réduction du risque de mauvaise utilisation des
systèmes de retenue pour enfants —
Partie 2: Exigences et méthodes d'essai pour une installation correcte
(méthode par panel)
Reference number
ISO 13215-2:2022(E)
© ISO 2022
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO 13215-2:2022(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2022

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting on

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or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
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Email: copyright@iso.org
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Published in Switzerland
© ISO 2022 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO 13215-2:2022(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions .................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

4.1 Conformance with this document ......................................................................................................................................... 2

4.2 Child restraint systems for testing ....................................................................................................................................... 2

4.3 Test panels .................................................................................................................................................................................................. 2

4.4 Location ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 2

4.5 Vehicle ............................................................................................................................................................................................................ 3

5 Requirements .......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

5.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

5.2 Requirements concerning installation ............................................................................................................................. 3

6 Test procedures .................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

6.1 Test supervision .................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

6.2 Preliminary checking and preparation ............................................................................................................................ 4

6.3 CRS installation test .......................................................................................................................................................................... 4

6.3.1 Procedure ................................................................................................................................................................................. 4

6.3.2 Expression of results ...................................................................................................................................................... 4

6.4 Child in CRS installation test ..................................................................................................................................................... 4

6.4.1 Procedure ................................................................................................................................................................................. 4

6.4.2 Expression of results ...................................................................................................................................................... 4

7 Assessment of results ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

7.1 Success/failure ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

7.2 Sequential method .............................................................................................................................................................................. 5

7.3 Full test .......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

8 Test report .................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 6

8.1 General information........................................................................................................................................................................... 6

8.2 Outcome ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 6

8.3 Additional (optional) information ......................................................................................................................................... 6

8.4 Overall test result ................................................................................................................................................................................ 6

Annex A (informative) Notes for guidance in panel testing ........................................................................................................ 7

Annex B (informative) Brief guideline for observers ........................................................................................................................ 8

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................11

iii
© ISO 2022 – All rights reserved
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ISO 13215-2:2022(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www.iso.org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www.iso.org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to

the World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT), see

www.iso.org/iso/foreword.html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 22, Road vehicles, Subcommittee SC 36,

Safety and impact testing.

This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition (ISO 13215-2:1999) which has been technically

revised.
The main changes are as follows:
— added introduction;

— general update to cover ISOFIX / LATCH solutions, which did not exist by the time of publication of

the first edition;
— new illustrations;
— editorial improvements.
A list of all parts in the ISO 13215 series can be found on the ISO website.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www.iso.org/members.html.
© ISO 2022 – All rights reserved
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ISO 13215-2:2022(E)
Introduction

Whether or not adequate protection is provided to a child occupant in a vehicle crash depends not only

on the inherent capability of the child restraint system to provide protection, but also on its proper

installation and subsequent correct use. It is known that certain misuse configurations and interface

problems can have serious consequences for child occupants in vehicle crashes.

A clear understanding of the kind and frequency of incorrect use has important implications for the

design of child restraint systems and instructions for use, the vehicle in which they are used, education

and loan programs, and legislation.

The panel method presented in this document is supporting anyone who works with a panel of parents,

caregivers or other panel participants to evaluate child restraint systems in terms of likelihood of

correct installations or risk of misuse.

This document can be used in conjunction with the MMEA method presented in ISO 13215-3, to predict

and evaluate possible misuse of the intended design, and to address possible misuse modes by an

improved design. This document can also provide additional support in the use of panels for usability

evaluations according to the ISO 29061 series.
© ISO 2022 – All rights reserved
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INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 13215-2:2022(E)
Road vehicles — Reduction of misuse risk of child restraint
systems —
Part 2:
Requirements and test procedures for correct installation
(panel method)
1 Scope

This document specifies the requirements and methods for judging the risk of installation misuse of

child restraint systems (CRS) with the help of assigned evaluation panels.

The methods described can be used regardless of type of installation of the CRS, e.g. with vehicle seat

belts, ISOFIX/LATCH and different types of anti-rotation devices. The installation can include the

evaluation of the interface between the child and the CRS, e.g. a harness or an impact shield.

This document is intended for technical assessment. It can be applied separately or in conjunction with

the MMEA evaluation, described in ISO 13215-3.
2 Normative references
There are no normative references in this document.
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminology databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https:// www .iso .org/ obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at https:// www .electropedia .org/
3.1
child restraint system
CRS

free-standing device intended to provide child vehicle occupants with an approved restraint

Note 1 to entry: Child restraint systems comprise various categories, such as infant restraints, toddler seats,

booster cushions and booster seats.
3.2
misuse

any deviation from the intended application and use which might reduce the protective performance of

the child restraint system (3.1)
3.3
ISOFIX

system for the connection of a child restraint system (CRS) (3.1) to vehicles, which has two rigid

anchorages in a vehicle seating position located near the seat bight, corresponding rigid attachments on

the CRS, and a means to limit the pitch rotation of the CRS

Note 1 to entry: In this document, the term ISOFIX includes flexible CRS attachments (LATCH, UAS).

© ISO 2022 – All rights reserved
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ISO 13215-2:2022(E)
[SOURCE: ISO 13216-1:1999, 3.6, modified — Note 1 to entry has been added.]
3.4
vehicle seatbelt
approved webbing used to restrain vehicle occupants
3.5
buckle

quick-release device which enables the child to be held by the child restraint system (3.1), or the child

restraint system by the structure of the car, and can be quickly opened
3.6
harness

internal webbing, in relevant cases, intended to restrain the child within the child restraint system (3.1)

3.7
anti-rotational device

device intended to restrict forward or rearward rotation of a child restraint system (3.1)

3.8
correctly installed

fitted or installed in accordance with manufacturer's instructions and in harmony with nationally

accepted measures of goodness of use, for example, the tightness of child restraint system (3.1) in vehicle

seatbelt (3.4)
4 General
4.1 Conformance with this document
A user-installed CRS tested in accordance with the re
...

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