Information technology -- Unique identifiers

Unique identification can occur at many different levels in the supply chain, at the transport unit, at the item level, and elsewhere. Such distinct entities are often handled by several parties: the sender, the receiver, one or more carriers, customs authorities, etc. Each of these parties must be able to identify and trace the item so that reference can be made to associated information such as address, order number, contents of the item, weight, sender, batch or lot number, etc. There are considerable benefits if the identity of the item is common between all the relevant parties. ISO/IEC 15459-2:2006 specifies the procedural requirements to maintain a non-significant, unique identifier for item management applications, and outlines the obligations of the Registration Authority and Issuing Agencies. ISO/IEC 15459-2:2006 excludes those items where ISO has designated Maintenance Agencies or Registration Authorities to provide identification schemes. It does not apply to freight containers, because their unique coding is specified in ISO 6346, Freight containers -- Coding, identification and marking; vehicles, because their unique identification is specified in ISO 3779, Road vehicles -- Vehicle identification number (VIN) -- Content and structure; car radios, because their unique identification is specified in ISO 10486, Passenger cars -- Car radio identification number (CRIN). The exclusion also applies to ISO 2108, Information and documentation -- International standard book number (ISBN) and ISO 3297, Information and documentation -- International standard serial number (ISSN). NOTE The scope of each of ISO 2108 and ISO 3297 identifies the title rather than the individual copy of a book or periodical. As such, the level of identification achieved is at a level higher than the unique identity required to be compliant with ISO/IEC 15459-2:2006.

Technologies de l'information -- Identificateurs uniques

General Information

Status
Replaced
Publication Date
05-Mar-2006
Withdrawal Date
05-Mar-2006
Current Stage
6060 - International Standard published
Start Date
09-Feb-2006
Completion Date
06-Mar-2006
Ref Project

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INTERNATIONAL ISO/IEC
STANDARD 15459-2
Second edition
2006-03-01
Information technology — Unique
identifiers —
Part 2:
Registration procedures
Technologies de l'information — Identificateurs uniques —
Partie 2: Procédures d'enregistrement
Reference number
ISO/IEC 15459-2:2006(E)
ISO/IEC 2006
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO/IEC 15459-2:2006(E)
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© ISO/IEC 2006

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means,

electronic or mechanical, including photocopying and microfilm, without permission in writing from either ISO at the address below or

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ii © ISO/IEC 2006 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO/IEC 15459-2:2006(E)
Contents Page

Foreword............................................................................................................................................................ iv

Introduction ........................................................................................................................................................ v

1 Scope ..................................................................................................................................................... 1

2 Normative references ........................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms, definitions, and abbreviated terms ........................................................................................ 2

3.1 Terms and definitions........................................................................................................................... 2

3.2 Abbreviated terms ................................................................................................................................ 2

4 Issuing Agencies .................................................................................................................................. 2

4.1 Responsibilities .................................................................................................................................... 2

4.2 Application ............................................................................................................................................ 3

5 Registration Authority.......................................................................................................................... 4

5.1 Responsibilities .................................................................................................................................... 4

5.2 Appointment.......................................................................................................................................... 5

5.3 Resignation ........................................................................................................................................... 5

5.4 The register of Issuing Agency Codes (IACs) ................................................................................... 5

5.5 IAC allocation ........................................................................................................................................ 6

Annex A (informative) Appeals committee ...................................................................................................... 7

Annex B (informative) Application form for Issuing Agency Code (IAC) ..................................................... 8

Bibliography ..................................................................................................................................................... 10

© ISO/IEC 2006 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO/IEC 15459-2:2006(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) and IEC (the International Electrotechnical

Commission) form the specialized system for worldwide standardization. National bodies that are members of

ISO or IEC participate in the development of International Standards through technical committees

established by the respective organization to deal with particular fields of technical activity. ISO and IEC

technical committees collaborate in fields of mutual interest. Other international organizations, governmental

and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO and IEC, also take part in the work. In the field of information

technology, ISO and IEC have established a joint technical committee, ISO/IEC JTC 1.

International Standards are drafted in accordance with the rules given in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.

The main task of the joint technical committee is to prepare International Standards. Draft International

Standards adopted by the joint technical committee are circulated to national bodies for voting. Publication as

an International Standard requires approval by at least 75 % of the national bodies casting a vote.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. ISO and IEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

ISO/IEC 15459-2 was prepared by Joint Technical Committee ISO/IEC JTC 1, Information technology,

Subcommittee SC 31, Automatic identification and data capture techniques.

This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition (ISO/IEC 15459-2:1999), which has been technically

revised. It also incorporates Technical Corrigendum ISO/IEC 15459-2:1999/Cor.1:2004. Because the scope of

ISO/IEC 15459 has been expanded beyond transport units, the term “license plate” in the first edition of

ISO/IEC 15459 has been replaced by “unique identifier” in the second edition.

ISO/IEC 15459 consists of the following parts, under the general title Information technology — Unique

identifiers:
⎯ Part 1: Unique identifiers for transport units
⎯ Part 2: Registration procedures
⎯ Part 3: Common rules for unique identifiers
⎯ Part 4: Unique identifiers for supply chain management
iv © ISO/IEC 2006 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
ISO/IEC 15459-2:2006(E)
Introduction

Unique identification can occur at many different levels in the supply chain, at the transport unit, at the item

level, and elsewhere. Such distinct entities are often handled by several parties: the sender, the receiver, one

or more carriers, customs authorities, etc. Each of these parties must be able to identify and trace the item so

that reference can be made to associated information such as address, order number, contents of the item,

weight, sender, batch or lot number, etc. There are considerable benefits if the identity of the item is common

between all the relevant parties.

The procedures and obligations to construct a unique identifier for item management are defined in this part of

ISO/IEC 15459.
© ISO/IEC 2006 – All rights reserved v
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO/IEC 15459-2:2006(E)
Information technology — Unique identifiers —
Part 2:
Registration procedures
1 Scope

This part of ISO/IEC 15459 specifies the procedural requirements to maintain a non-significant, unique

identifier for item management applications, and outlines the obligations of the Registration Authority and

Issuing Agencies.

This part of ISO/IEC 15459 excludes those items where ISO has designated Maintenance Agencies or

Registration Authorities to provide identification schemes. It does not apply to

⎯ freight containers, because their unique coding is specified in ISO 6346, Freight containers — Coding,

identification and marking;

⎯ vehicles, because their unique identification is specified in ISO 3779, Road vehicles — Vehicle

identification number (VIN) — Content and structure;

⎯ car radios, because their unique identification is specified in ISO 10486, Passenger cars — Car radio

identification number (CRIN).

The exclusion also applies to ISO 2108, Information and documentation — International standard book

number (ISBN) and ISO 3297, Information and documentation — International standard serial number (ISSN).

NOTE The scope of each of ISO 2108 and ISO 3297 identifies the title rather than the individual copy of a book or

periodical. As such, the level of identification achieved is at a level higher than the unique identity required to be compliant

with this part of ISO/IEC 15459.
2 Normative references

The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated

references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced

document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 3166-1, Codes for the representation of names of countries and their subdivisions — Part 1: Country

codes

ISO/IEC 646, Information technology — ISO 7-bit coded character set for information interchange

ISO/IEC 15459-3, Information technology — Unique identifiers — Part 3: Common rules for unique identifiers

ISO/IEC 19762 (all parts), Information technology — Automatic identification and data capture (AIDC)

techniques — Harmonized vocabulary
© ISO/IEC 2006 – All rights reserved 1
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
ISO/IEC 15459-2:2006(E)
3 Terms, definitions, and abbreviated terms

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in ISO/IEC 19762 and the following apply.

3.1 Terms and definitions
3.1.1
class

defined application of unique identifiers for item, transport unit, returnable transport unit, etc. recognised as

classes by all parts of ISO/IEC 15459
3.1.1
item

single physical entity or a defined collection of entities having a distinct existence

3.1.2
item management

controlled process for the manufacturing, storage, distribution and transport of items through all stages from

creation to final consumption or disposal

NOTE The item management processes can involve a change of state or configuration, a change of location, or

controlled or observed change over time.
3.2 Abbreviated terms
IA Issuing Agency
IAC Issuing Agency Code
CIN Company Identification Number
RA Registration Authority
4 Issuing Agencies
4.1 Responsibilities
Issuing Agencies shall:

a) authorise any organisation wishing to allocate unique identifiers for use in item management applications

(e.g., transport unit identification or traceability of items) for classes for which the Issuing Agency has

been authorised. An individual organisation or company wishing to issue unique identifiers in accordance

with this part of ISO/IEC 15459 shall do so through umbrella organisations such as their trade

associations, or a public or state agency;

b) define rules which ensure that no unique identifier issuer can issue a unique identifier which is the same

as a unique identifier which may be issued by another issuer within a class;

c) define rules which ensure that every unique identifier issued with their authority shall begin with one of

their IACs;

NOTE The purpose of this is to ensure that, within a class, the same unique identifier can never be issued by

another issuer, no matter which agency is used to ensure unambiguity in the total marketplace.

d) define rules so that a unique identifier is only re-issued within a class after the previously issued unique

identifier has ceased to be of significant to any user. The length of such period should be dependent upon

the environment in which the unique identifier will be used.
2 © ISO/IEC 2006 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
ISO/IEC 15459-2:2006(E)
4.2 Application

Issuing Agencies shall apply to the Registration Authority for registration and the assignment of an IAC using

the form shown in annex B. Application forms are also available on request from the Registration Authority,

the national standards bodies, the ISO/IEC JTC 1 Secretariat and the secretariat of ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 31.

The Registration Authority may request additional information where further clarification is needed. A separate

form should be sent in for every IAC requested.
The Registration Authority for ISO/IEC 15459 is:

NEN - Nederlands Normalisatie-instituut - Registration Authority of ISO/IEC 15459

Postbus 5059
2600 GB Delft
THE NETHERLANDS
Fax: + 31 15 26 90 242
E-mail: RA-ISO15459@nen.nl
Applicants shall:

a) comply fully with the procedures for application for IACs as contained in this part of ISO/IEC 15459;

b) comply fully with the requirements contained in ISO/IEC 15459-3;

c) forward to the Registration Authority a completed application form (see Annex B) and transfer the

requisite fee;

d) retain the completed application form containing the IAC assigned to the applicant by the Registration

Authority;

e) within a reasonable timeframe, preferably within 12 months of the date of assignment of the IAC, start for

each class for which permission has been granted to authorise any organisation who wishes to allocate

unique identi
...

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