Machines for compacting waste materials or recycable fractions - Compactors - Safety Requirements

EN 16486 specifies the safety requirements for the design, manufacture and information for the safe use of compactors that compact waste material or recyclable fractions (e. g. paper, plastics, textiles, cans, cardboard, mixed waste), hereafter referred to as materials. This European Standard applies to: - compactors using a horizontally moving screw, pendulum or plate as compacting part and where the materials move horizontally; and - compactors that are mechanically fed and/or fed by hand. These compactors can be: - static compactors; - transportable compactors; - traversing systems. The scope includes: - any integral mechanical feed equipment (e.g. bin lift); - feed hoppers/openings; - any integral pre-conditioning equipment in the hopper (e.g. perforators, pre-crushing devices and shredders); - any integral material flow control equipment; - the interface between the compactor and any feed equipment (except those excluded from the scope). The scope of this European Standard does not cover: - compactors that are covered by EN 1501 (all parts); - underground compactors, however if these compactors can be used above ground this standard applies; - compactors using thermal technologies for compaction; - vacuum compactors; - compactors where materials are compacted vertically; - containers for static compactors, however the interface between the compaction unit and the container is included; - bins in which materials are collected for feeding into the compactor; - any up-stream pre-treatment equipment that is not integral to the machine and is used to treat the materials before they are fed into the feed opening of the compactor; - vehicles including lifting equipment used to collect and transport the compactor or container; - cranes, lift trucks or other transportable plant used to load materials into the feed hopper/opening and the hazards arising out of using this equipment to load; - any suction or dust control equipment. This European standard does not cover the lifting and transport of transportable compactors. This European Standard does not apply to hazards arising from the materials being processed (e.g. asbestos, clinical waste, aerosol containers). All hazards mentioned in Clause 4 are dealt with in this European Standard. This European Standard is not applicable for compactors which are manufactured before the date of its publication as an EN.

Maschinen zum Verdichten von Abfällen oder recyclebaren Materialien - Verdichter - Sicherheitsanforderungen

Diese Norm legt die Sicherheitsanforderungen an die Konstruktion, die Herstellung und die Benutzer-information zur sicheren Nutzung von Verdichtern zum Verdichten von Abfällen oder recyclebaren Materialien (z. B. Papier, Kunststoff, Textilien, Dosen, Pappe, gemischten Abfällen), nachstehend „Materialien“ genannt, fest. Diese Norm gilt für Verdichter, die als verdichtende Teile eine horizontal bewegliche Schnecke, ein Pendel oder eine Platte verwenden. Diese Norm gilt für stationäre Verdichter, transportable Verdichter und verfahrbare Systeme wie in Abschnitt 3 festgelegt. Diese Norm gilt zudem für Verdichter, die mechanisch und/oder von Hand beschickt werden.
Der Anwendungsbereich enthält fest eingebaute mechanische Beschickungseinrichtungen (z. B. Hub-Kipp-Vorrichtungen/Kippbehälteraufzüge) und Zuführtrichter/-öffnungen. Ebenso wird die Schnittstelle zwischen dem Verdichter und den jeweiligen Beschickungseinrichtungen behandelt (mit Ausnahme der vom Anwendungsbereich ausgenommenen Schnittstellen).
Im Anwendungsbereich dieser Norm nicht enthalten sind:
   in EN 1501 behandelte Verdichter;
   Untertage-Verdichter, wenngleich diese Norm gilt, sofern sie auch oberirdisch eingesetzt werden können;
   Verdichter, die mittels thermischer Verfahren zur Verdichtung arbeiten;
   Vakuumverdichter;
   Behälter für stationäre Verdichter, wobei die Schnittstelle zwischen Verdichter und Behälter im Anwendungsbereich enthalten ist;
   Tonnen/Kübel, in denen Materialien gesammelt werden, die dem Verdichter zugeführt werden sollen;
   Vorbehandlungsanlagen zur Behandlung von Materialien vor ihrer Zufuhr in den Verdichter, z. B. Schredder, Perforatoren;
   Fahrzeuge einschließlich Hebevorrichtungen zur Aufnahme und zum Transport des Verdichters oder Behälters;
   Kräne, Gabelstapler oder sonstige transportable Maschinen, die der Zufuhr von Materialien in den Zuführtrichter/die Zuführöffnung dienen sowie die Gefährdungen, die durch den Einsatz dieser Ausrüstungen für die Beschickung entstehen;
   den Hebevorgang und den Transport transportabler Verdichter;
   Absaug- oder Entstaubungsanlagen.
Alle in Abschnitt 4 aufgeführten Gefährdungen werden in dieser Europäischen Norm behandelt.
Diese Norm gilt nicht für Gefährdungen, die durch die verarbeiteten Materialien (z. B. Asbest, Klinikabfälle, Sprühdosen) entstehen.
Diese Europäische Norm gilt nicht für Verdichter, die vor dem Veröffentlichungsdatum dieser EN hergestellt wurden.

Machines de compactage pour déchets ou matières recyclables - Compacteurs - Prescriptions de sécurité

La présente norme fixe les prescriptions de sécurité applicables à la conception, à la construction et aux informations pour l’utilisation en sécurité des compacteurs pour déchets ou matières recyclables (tels que papier, matières plastiques, textiles, canettes, carton, déchets mélangés), ci-après dénommés matériaux. La présente norme s’applique aux compacteurs utilisant comme éléments presseurs des vis, des pelles ou des plateaux se déplaçant horizontalement. La présente norme s’applique aux compacteurs désaccouplables, aux compacteurs monobloc et aux systèmes à translation tels que définis à l’article 3. Elle s’applique également aux compacteurs chargés mécaniquement et/ou ou manuellement.
Le domaine d’application couvre tous les équipements de chargement mécaniques qui font partie intégrante de la machine (lève-conteneur/élévateur-basculeur, par exemple), ainsi que les trémies/ouvertures de chargement. Il couvre aussi l’interface entre le compacteur et tout équipement de chargement (à l’exception de ceux qui sont exclus du domaine d’application).
Le domaine d’application de la présente norme ne couvre pas :
   les compacteurs couverts par l’EN 1501 ;
   les compacteurs installés sous terre ; toutefois, la présente norme s’applique à ces compacteurs s’ils peuvent aussi être utilisés en surface ;
   les compacteurs utilisant des technologies thermiques pour le compactage ;
   les compacteurs à dépression ;
   les caissons pour compacteurs désaccouplables; toutefois, l’interface entre le compacteur et le caisson est couverte ;
   les bennes de collecte des matériaux à compacter ;
   tout équipement de pré-conditionnement utilisé pour traiter les matériaux avant qu’ils soient chargés dans le compacteur, tels que déchiqueteurs, perforateurs, par exemple ;
   les véhicules de reprise et de transport du compacteur ou du caisson, non plus que leurs équipements de levage ;
   les grues, chariots industriels ou autres engins mobiles utilisés pour charger les matériaux dans la trémie/l’ouverture de chargement, ni les phénomènes dangereux résultant du chargement au moyen de ces équipements ;
   les opérations de levage et de transport des compacteurs monobloc ;
   tout équipement d’aspiration et de dépoussiérage.
Tous les phénomènes dangereux mentionnés à l’Article 4 sont traités dans la présente Norme européenne.
La présente Norme européenne ne s’applique pas aux phénomènes dangereux liés aux matériaux traités (amiante, déchets médicaux, générateurs d’aérosols, par exemple).
La présente Norme européenne n'est pas applicable aux compacteurs fabriqués avant sa date de publication comme EN.

Stroji za stiskanje odpadkov ali reciklirnih materialov - Kompaktorji (zgoščevalniki) - Varnostne zahteve

Standard EN 16486 določa varnostne zahteve za obliko, izdelavo in informacije za varno uporabo kompaktorjev za stiskanje odpadkov ali reciklirnih materialov (npr. papirja, plastike, tekstila, pločevine, kartona, mešanih odpadkov), v nadaljevanju: materiali. Ta evropski standard se uporablja za: – kompaktorje, ki kot del za stiskanje uporabljajo vodoravno premikajoči se vijak, nihalo ali ploščo, pri katerih se materiali premikajo vodoravno; in – kompaktorje z mehanskim in/ali ročnim polnjenjem. Ti kompaktorji so lahko: – statični kompaktorji; – premični kompaktorji; – kotalni sistemi. Področje uporabe vključuje: – vso mehansko opremo za odmerjanje (npr. stroje za dviganje); – naprave/odprtine za odmerjanje; – vso vgrajeno opremo za predhodno pripravo v posodi (npr. perforatorji, drobilniki in rezalniki); – vso vgrajeno opremo za nadzor pretoka materiala; – vmesnik med kompaktorjem in opremo za odmerjanje (razen tistih, ki niso vključeni v področje uporabe). Področje uporabe tega evropskega standarda ne zajema: – kompaktorjev, ki jih zajema standard EN 1501 (vsi deli); – podzemnih kompaktorjev, vendar če jih je mogoče uporabljati nad zemljo, ta standard velja; – kompaktorjev, ki za stiskanje uporabljajo toplotne tehnologije; – vakuumskih kompaktorjev; – kompaktorjev, ki stiskajo material navpično; – vsebnikov za statične kompaktorje, vendar je vmesnik med stiskalno enoto in vmesnikom vključen; – košev, v katerih se material zbira za odmerjanje v kompaktor; – navzgornjo opremo za predobdelavo, ki ni sestavni del stroja in se uporablja za obdelavo materiala pred odmerjanjem v odprtino za odmerjanje v kompaktor; – vozil, vključno opreme za dvigovanje, ki se uporablja za zbiranje in transport kompaktorja ali vsebnika; – dvigal, viličarjev in druge premične mehanizme, ki se uporabljajo za nalaganje materialov v naprave/odprtine za odmerjanje, ter vseh nevarnosti, ki izhajajo iz uporabe te opreme za nalaganje; – opreme za sesanje ali nadzor prašnosti. Ta evropski standard ne zajema namestitve in transporta premičnih kompaktorjev. Ta evropski standard ne velja za nevarnosti, ki izvirajo iz predelave materialov (npr. azbesta, kliničnih odpadkov, vsebnikov za aerosole). Vse nevarnosti, navedene v točki 4, so obravnavane v tem evropskem standardu. Ta evropski standard se ne uporablja za kompaktorje, ki so bili proizvedeni pred objavo tega dokumenta kot standarda EN.

General Information

Status
Withdrawn
Public Enquiry End Date
24-Dec-2012
Publication Date
02-Sep-2014
Withdrawal Date
06-Jan-2021
Technical Committee
Current Stage
9900 - Withdrawal (Adopted Project)
Start Date
07-Jan-2021
Due Date
30-Jan-2021
Completion Date
07-Jan-2021

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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Maschinen zum Verdichten von Abfällen oder recyclebaren Materialien - Verdichter - SicherheitsanforderungenMachines de compactage pour déchets ou matières recyclables - Compacteurs - Prescriptions de sécuritéMachines for compacting waste materials or recycable fractions - Compactors - Safety Requirements13.030.40Naprave in oprema za odstranjevanje in obdelavo odpadkovInstallations and equipment for waste disposal and treatmentICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 16486:2014SIST EN 16486:2014en,fr,de01-oktober-2014SIST EN 16486:2014SLOVENSKI

STANDARD
SIST EN 16486:2014
EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM
EN 16486
July 2014 ICS 43.160 English Version

Machines for compacting waste materials or recyclable fractions - Compactors - Safety requirements

Machines de compactage pour déchets ou matières recyclables - Compacteurs - Prescriptions de sécurité

Maschinen zum Verdichten von Abfällen oder recyclebaren Materialien - Verdichter - Sicherheitsanforderungen This European Standard was approved by CEN on 28 May 2014.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and United Kingdom.

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre:
Avenue Marnix 17,

B-1000 Brussels © 2014 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Members. Ref. No. EN 16486:2014 ESIST EN 16486:2014

EN 16486:2014 (E) 2 Contents Page Foreword ..............................................................................................................................................................4 Introduction .........................................................................................................................................................5 1 Scope ......................................................................................................................................................6 2 Normative references ............................................................................................................................7 3 Terms and definitions ...........................................................................................................................9 4 List of significant hazards ................................................................................................................. 13 5 Safety requirements and/or protective measures ........................................................................... 16 5.1 Mechanical hazards ............................................................................................................................ 16 5.1.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 16 5.1.2 Feed equipment area .......................................................................................................................... 18 5.1.3 Feed hopper/opening area and compaction chamber .................................................................... 19 5.1.4 Area behind the compacting parts.................................................................................................... 22 5.1.5 Container closing devices ................................................................................................................. 22 5.1.6 Interface between compaction unit and container on static compactors .................................... 23 5.1.7 Emptying process of transportable compactors ............................................................................. 23 5.1.8 Handling of transportable compactors ............................................................................................ 23 5.1.9 Traversing systems ............................................................................................................................ 24 5.2 Hazards due to failures in the control system or unexpected start-up......................................... 27 5.2.1 Control devices, actuators and systems .......................................................................................... 27 5.2.2 Prevention of unauthorised operation.............................................................................................. 27 5.2.3 Emergency stop .................................................................................................................................. 27 5.2.4 Required performance levels PLr ...................................................................................................... 27 5.3 Electrical hazards ............................................................................................................................... 28 5.4 Hazards from hydraulic equipment................................................................................................... 28 5.5 Slips, trips and falls ............................................................................................................................ 29 5.6 Hazards generated by noise .............................................................................................................. 29 5.6.1 Noise reduction at source by design ................................................................................................ 29 5.6.2 Noise reduction by protective measures ......................................................................................... 29 5.6.3 Information connected with noise hazards ...................................................................................... 29 5.7 Hazards due to neglecting ergonomic principles in the design of the machine ......................... 29 6 Verification of the safety requirements and/ or protective measures ........................................... 29 7 Information for use ............................................................................................................................. 32 7.1 General Information ............................................................................................................................ 32 7.2 Information for safe operation ........................................................................................................... 32 7.2.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 32 7.2.2 Instructions for operation .................................................................................................................. 33 7.2.3 Information on noise .......................................................................................................................... 33 7.2.4 Installation instructions ..................................................................................................................... 34 7.2.5 Setting and maintenance instructions ............................................................................................. 34 7.2.6 Spare parts list .................................................................................................................................... 35 7.2.7 Preventing faults and fault recovery................................................................................................. 35 7.2.8 Information for preventing and removing blockages ..................................................................... 35 7.2.9 Information relating to connections between the compactor, container and any traversing systems ................................................................................................................................................ 35 7.2.10 Transportable compactors ................................................................................................................ 35 7.2.11 Information on examinations and/or inspections ........................................................................... 36 7.3 Marking ................................................................................................................................................ 37 SIST EN 16486:2014

EN 16486:2014 (E) 3 7.3.1 Manufacturer's plate............................................................................................................................ 37 7.3.2 Safety signs ......................................................................................................................................... 37 Annex A (normative)

Noise test code ............................................................................................................ 39 A.1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................... 39 A.2 Determination of emission sound pressure level at the work station(s) ....................................... 39 A.2.1 Basic standards ................................................................................................................................... 39 A.2.2 Measurement uncertainty ................................................................................................................... 40 A.3 Determination of sound power levels ............................................................................................... 40 A.3.1 Basic standards ................................................................................................................................... 40 A.3.2 Measurement uncertainty ................................................................................................................... 40 A.4 Installation and mounting conditions for the noise measurement ................................................ 41 A.5 Operating conditions .......................................................................................................................... 41 A.6 Information to be recorded and reported .......................................................................................... 41 A.6.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 41 A.6.2 Compactor data ................................................................................................................................... 41 A.6.3 Standards used .................................................................................................................................... 41 A.6.4 Noise data............................................................................................................................................. 41 A.6.5 Installation and operating conditions ............................................................................................... 41 A.7 Declaration and verification of noise emission values ................................................................... 41 Annex B (informative)

Preliminary dialogue between manufacturer and user ........................................ 43 Annex ZA (informative)

Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential Requirements of EU Directive 2006/42/EC ........................................................................................ 44 Bibliography ...................................................................................................................................................... 45

SIST EN 16486:2014

EN 16486:2014 (E) 4 Foreword This document (EN 16486:2014) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 397 “Project Committee - Baling presses - Safety requirements”, the secretariat of which is held by DIN. This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by January 2015 and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by January 2015. Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive. For relationship with EU Directive, see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this document. According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom. SIST EN 16486:2014

EN 16486:2014 (E) 5 Introduction This European Standard is a type C standard as stated in EN ISO 12100:2010. The machinery concerned and the extent to which hazards, hazardous situations and hazardous events are covered are indicated in the scope of this document. When provisions of this type C standard are different from those which are stated in type A or B standards, the provisions of this type C standard take precedence over the provisions of the other standards for machines that have been designed and built in accordance with the provisions of this type C standard. SIST EN 16486:2014

EN 16486:2014 (E) 6 1 Scope This European Standard specifies the safety requirements for the design, manufacture and information for the safe use of compactors that compact waste material or recyclable fractions (e. g. paper, plastics, textiles, cans, cardboard, mixed waste), hereafter referred to as materials. This European Standard applies to: — compactors using a horizontally moving screw, pendulum or plate as compacting part and where the materials move horizontally; and — compactors that are mechanically fed and/or fed by hand. These compactors can be: — static compactors; — transportable compactors; — traversing systems. The scope includes: — any integral mechanical feed equipment (e.g. bin lift); — feed hoppers/openings; — any integral pre-conditioning equipment in the hopper (e.g. perforators, pre-crushing devices and shredders); — any integral material flow control equipment; — the interface between the compactor and any feed equipment (except those excluded from the scope). The scope of this European Standard does not cover: — compactors that are covered by EN 1501 (all parts); — underground compactors, however if these compactors can be used above ground this standard applies; — compactors using thermal technologies for compaction; — vacuum compactors; — compactors where materials are compacted vertically; — containers for static compactors, however the interface between the compaction unit and the container is included; — bins in which materials are collected for feeding into the compactor; — any up-stream pre-treatment equipment that is not integral to the machine and is used to treat the materials before they are fed into the feed opening of the compactor; — vehicles including lifting equipment used to collect and transport the compactor or container; SIST EN 16486:2014

EN 16486:2014 (E) 7 — cranes, lift trucks or other transportable plant used to load materials into the feed hopper/opening and the hazards arising out of using this equipment to load; — any suction or dust control equipment. This European standard does not cover the lifting and transport of transportable compactors. This European Standard does not apply to hazards arising from the materials being processed (e.g. asbestos, clinical waste, aerosol containers). All hazards mentioned in Clause 4 are dealt with in this European Standard. This European Standard is not applicable for compactors which are manufactured before the date of its publication as an EN. 2 Normative references The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. EN 349:1993+A1:2008, Safety of machinery - Minimum gaps to avoid crushing of parts of the human body EN 574:1996+A1:2008, Safety of machinery - Two-hand control devices - Functional aspects - Principles for design EN 620:2002+A1:2010, Continuous handling equipment and systems - Safety and EMC requirements for fixed belt conveyors for bulk materials EN 953:1997+A1:2009, Safety of machinery - Guards - General requirements for the design and construction of fixed and movable guards EN 1837:1999+A1:2009, Safety of machinery - Integral lighting of machines EN 60204-1:2006, Safety of machinery - Electrical equipment of machines - Part 1: General requirements EN 60529:1991, Degrees of protection provided by enclosures (IP Code) EN 61496-1:2004, Safety of machinery - Electro-sensitive protective equipment - Part 1: General requirements and tests CLC/TS 61496-2:2006, Safety of machinery – Electro-sensitive protective equipment – Part 2: Particular requirements for active opto-electronic protective devices (AOPDs) (IEC 61496-2:2006) CLC/TS 61496-3:2008, Safety of machinery – Electro-sensitive protective equipment – Part 3: Particular requirements for active opto-electronic protective devices responsive to diffuse reflection (AOPDDR) (IEC 61496-3:2008) EN 62262:2002, Degrees of protection provided by enclosures for electrical equipment against external mechanical impacts (IK code) (IEC 62262:2002) EN ISO 3744:2010, Acoustics - Determination of sound power levels and sound energy levels of noise sources using sound pressure - Engineering methods for an essentially free field over a reflecting plane (ISO 3744:2010) SIST EN 16486:2014

EN 16486:2014 (E) 8 EN ISO 3746:2010, Acoustics - Determination of sound power levels and sound energy levels of noise sources using sound pressure - Survey method using an enveloping measurement surface over a reflecting plane (ISO 3746:2010) EN ISO 3747:2010, Acoustics - Determination of sound power levels and sound energy levels of noise sources using sound pressure - Engineering/survey methods for use in situ in a reverberant environment (ISO 3747:2010) EN ISO 4413:2010, Hydraulic fluid power - General rules and safety requirements for systems and their components (ISO 4413:2010) EN ISO 4871:2009, Acoustics - Declaration and verification of noise emission values of machinery and equipment (ISO 4871:1996) EN ISO 9614-2:1996, Acoustics - Determination of sound power levels of noise sources using sound intensity - Part 2: Measurement by scanning (ISO 9614-2:1996) EN ISO 11200:2014, Acoustics - Noise emitted by machinery and equipment - Guidelines for the use of basic standards for the determination of emission sound pressure levels at a work station and at other specified positions (ISO 11200:2014) EN ISO 11201:2010, Acoustics - Noise emitted by machinery and equipment - Determination of emission sound pressure levels at a work station and at other specified positions in an essentially free field over a reflecting plane with negligible environmental corrections (ISO 11201:2010) EN ISO 11202:2010, Acoustics - Noise emitted by machinery and equipment - Determination of emission sound pressure levels at a work station and at other specified positions applying approximate environmental corrections (ISO 11202:2010) EN ISO 11204:2010, Acoustics - Noise emitted by machinery and equipment - Determination of emission sound pressure levels at a work station and at other specified positions applying accurate environmental corrections (ISO 11204:2010) EN ISO 12100:2010, Safety of machinery - General principles for design - Risk assessment and risk reduction (ISO 12100:2010) EN ISO 13849-1:2008, Safety of machinery - Safety-related parts of control systems - Part 1: General principles for design (ISO 13849-1:2006) EN ISO 13850:2008, Safety of machinery - Emergency stop - Principles for design (ISO 13850:2006) EN ISO 13855:2010, Safety of machinery - Positioning of safeguards with respect to the approach speeds of parts of the human body (ISO 13855:2010) EN ISO 13856-1:2013, Safety of machinery - Pressure-sensitive protective devices - Part 1: General principles for design and testing of pressure-sensitive mats and pressure-sensitive floors (ISO 13856-1:2013) EN ISO 13856-2:2013, Safety of machinery - Pressure-sensitive protective devices - Part 2: General principles for design and testing of pressure-sensitive edges and pressure-sensitive bars (ISO 13856-2:2013) EN ISO 13857:2008, Safety of machinery - Safety distances to prevent hazard zones being reached by upper and lower limbs (ISO 13857:2008) EN ISO 14119:2013, Safety of machinery - Interlocking devices associated with guards - Principles for design and selection (ISO 14119:2013) SIST EN 16486:2014

EN 16486:2014 (E) 9 EN ISO 14122-1:2001, Safety of machinery - Permanent means of access to machinery - Part 1: Choice of fixed means of access between two levels (ISO 14122-1:2001) EN ISO 14122-2:2001, Safety of machinery - Permanent means of access to machinery - Part 2: Working platforms and walkways (ISO 14122-2:2001) EN ISO 14122-3:2001, Safety of machinery - Permanent means of access to machinery - Part 3: Stairs, stepladders and guard-rails (ISO 14122-3:2001) EN ISO 14122-4:2004, Safety of machinery - Permanent means of access to machinery - Part 4: Fixed ladders (ISO 14122-4:2004) 3 Terms and definitions For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in EN ISO 12100:2010 and the following apply. 3.1 compactor machine, consisting of a compaction unit and container that compacts loose materials into a container (materials can include, but are not limited to, paper, plastics, textiles, cans, cardboard and mixed waste) Note 1 to entry: A compactor can consist of e. g. a control system and control station, mechanical feed equipment such as a bin lift, feed hopper, compaction chamber, compacting equipment, container and any associated container closing device. Compactors can be manually or mechanically fed. Note 2 to entry: Compactors can be: — static, i. e. the compaction unit is fixed at one location and the container is transportable; — transportable and used at different locations, i. e. it is transported to and from different locations by e.g. road vehicles; — part of a traversing system. 3.1.1 static compactor compactor on which the compaction unit is fixed and the container is not integral with the compactor

Figure 1 — Example of a static compactor SIST EN 16486:2014

EN 16486:2014 (E) 10 3.1.2 transportable compactor self-contained compaction unit and container, which can be transported as a complete unit

Figure 2 — Example of a transportable compactor 3.2 container the material-receiving container into which the loose material is compacted by the compaction unit Note 1 to entry: On a transportable compactor the container is an integral part of the compactor. Note 2 to entry: On a static compactor the container is not an integral part of the compactor, however the interface between the compaction unit and the container is covered in this standard, see Scope. 3.3 coupling device mechanism for clamping the container to the main body of the compaction unit and holding it in position 3.4 traversing system installation composed of: — either several containers that are placed on a carrier system that traverses (e.g. on rails) in front of a static compactor; — or several containers that are placed in front of a traversing compactor (e.g. on rails) Note 1 to entry: Where the containers traverse only the compactor, the carrier system and the interface between the compactor and containers are covered by this standard 3.5 integral pre-conditioning equipment equipment that is mounted/fixed to the compactor and is used to treat the material being fed into the compactor to help compaction, e.g. perforators, rufflers, pre-crushers and shredders Note 1 to entry: These devices can be fixed, or inserted into and retracted from, the feed hopper. 3.6 integral material flow control equipment equipment that is mounted/fixed to the compactor and helps material in the feed opening flow into the compaction chamber and/or prevent blockages or bridging, e.g. forced feeding device for screw compactors 3.7 feed equipment equipment used for feeding materials to be compacted into the compaction chamber SIST EN 16486:2014

EN 16486:2014 (E) 11 3.8 integral feed equipment mechanical feed equipment i.e. conveyor or bin lift that is: — mounted/fixed to the compactor; — the power supply and control system of which are linked into the compactors systems 3.9 bin lift mechanical feed equipment for lifting a bin containing materials and tipping the contents into the compaction chamber of the compactor 3.10 bin container, usually fitted with wheels, in which material are collected ready for feeding into the compaction chamber of the compactor 3.11 feed hopper chute through which materials being fed to the compactor are guided into the compaction chamber 3.12 feed opening opening through which materials are fed into the compaction chamber 3.13 manual feeding loading materials directly into the feed hopper/opening by hand 3.14 mechanical feeding loading materials into the feed hopper/opening by mechanical means, e.g. conveyors, bin lifts 3.15 compaction chamber chamber into which material is fed and in which one or more compacting parts move to press and compact the material into the receiving container 3.16 compacting part device for the compacting process/movement; the device can be a plate, a screw or a pendulum 3.17 compacting equipment all components directly involved in pressing the loose materials into the container and compacting them inside the container (e.g. hydraulic system, compacting parts, compaction chamber) 3.18 compaction unit the part of the compactor containing the compacting equipment 3.19 cycle of the compacting part complete forward and reverse movement of the compacting part or a complete 360° rotation SIST EN 16486:2014

EN 16486:2014 (E) 12 3.20 multiple cycle operating mode in which the machine cycles during a pre-set time, then stops automatically 3.21 automatic initiation of cycles operating mode in which the successive cycles of compacting equipment are initiated by either a sensing device detecting the presence of materials to be compacted or by time delay 3.22 container closing device device inserted across the container feed opening to prevent the compacted materials falling out of the container when it is separated from the compaction unit for transport. This device can be e. g.: — a series of pins and tubes, or — a frame, or — cables, or — a power or manually-operated door 3.23 discharge door door that allows emptying compacted materials out of the container 3.24 control station place from which the compactor is started, stopped or controlled by an operator 3.25 access platform permanent platform that allows access at height for operating and feeding the compactor (including viewing the interior of the feed hopper and/or compacting chamber), troubleshooting or maintenance Note 1 to entry: Access platforms can be fixed to the compactor, floor or building structure. 3.26 work station a position in the vicinity of the machine which is intended for the operator EXAMPLES: control station, feeding position, bin lift operation control station. 3.27 maintenance combination of all technical, administrative and managerial actions during the life cycle of an item intended to retain it in, or restore it to, a state in which it can perform the required function [SOURCE: 2.1 of EN 13306:2010] 3.28 troubleshooting identification and rectification of operational failures (e. g. clearing blockages or removing unwanted items from the compaction chamber) SIST EN 16486:2014

EN 16486:2014 (E) 13 3.29 sensitive protective equipment (SPE) equipment for detecting persons or parts of persons which generates an appropriate signal to the control system to reduce risks to the persons detected Note 1 to entry: The signal can be generated when a person or part of a person goes beyond a predetermined limit – for example enters a hazard zone – (tripping) or when a person is detected in a predetermined zone (presence sensing), or in both cases. [SOURCE: 3.28.5 of EN ISO 12100:2010] 4 List of significant hazards Table 1 lists the significant hazards that are present on compactors. It cross-referen

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