Fairground and amusement park machinery and structures - Safety

This document specifies the minimum requirements necessary to ensure the safe design, calculation, manufacture, installation, maintenance, operation, examination and testing of the following: mobile, temporary or permanently installed machinery and structures e. g. roundabouts, swings, boats, ferris wheels, roller coasters, chutes, grandstands, membrane or textile structures, booths, stages, side shows, and structures for artistic aerial displays. The above items are hereafter called amusement devices, which are intended to be installed both repeatedly without degradation or loss of integrity, and temporarily or permanently in fairgrounds and amusement parks or any other locations. Fixed grandstands, construction site installations, scaffolding, removable agricultural structures and simple coin operated children's amusement devices, carrying not more than two children, are not covered by this document.

Fliegende Bauten und Anlagen für Veranstaltungsplätze und Vergnügungsparks - Sicherheit

Dieses Dokument legt grundlegende Anforderungen fest, um die Sicherheit bezüglich Entwurf, Berechnung, Herstellung, Aufstellung, Wartung, Betrieb, Überprüfung und Prüfung von mobilen, vorübergehend oder dauerhaft installierten Fliegenden Bauten, wie z. B. Karusselle, Schaukeln, Booten, Riesenrädern, Achterbahnen, Rutschen, Tribünen, textilen und Membrankonstruktionen, Buden, Bühnen, Schaugeschäften und Aufbauten für artistische Vorstellungen, sicherzustellen. Im Folgenden Fliegende Bauten genannt, sind diese sowohl zu einem wiederholten Aufbau ohne Substanzverlust als auch vorübergehend oder dauerhaft auf Veranstaltungsplätzen, in Vergnügungsparks oder anderen Örtlichkeiten vorgesehen. Feste Tribünen, Bau- und andere Gerüste sowie entfernbare landwirtschaftliche Konstruktionen und einfache münzbetriebene Fahrgeschäfte für Kinder, die nicht mehr als 2 Kinder tragen, sind nicht Gegenstand dieses Dokumentes.
Dieses Dokument kann auch für den Entwurf ähnlicher Bauten oder Fahrgast-Fördereinrichtungen verwendet werden, selbst wenn diese hier nicht explizit erwähnt sind.
Bestehende nationale Vorschriften zur Arbeitssicherheit werden von diesem Dokument nicht berührt.
Dieses Dokument betrifft nicht Fliegende Bauten, die vor der Veröffentlichung dieses Dokumentes durch CEN hergestellt wurden.

Machines et structures pour fetes foraines et parcs d'attraction - Sécurité

La présente Norme européenne spécifie les exigences minimales pour assurer que la conception est sure, ainsi
que le calcul, la construction, l'installation, la maintenance, l?exploitation, le contrôle et les essais des éléments
suivants : machines et structures mobiles, installées provisoirement ou défi nitivement, par exemple maneges,
balançoires, embarcations, grandes roues, montagnes russes, toboggans, tribunes, structures textiles ou a
membrane, baraques, scenes, attractions et structures pour démonstrations artistiques aériennes. Les dispositifs
énumérés ci-dessus, appelés « dispositifs de divertissement » dans la suite de ce document, sont destinés a etre
installés de maniere répétitive sans dégradation ni perte d?intégrité, que ce soit provisoirement ou définitivement,
dans des fetes foraines, parcs d'attraction ou d'autres emplacements. Les tribunes fixes, les installations des
chantiers de construction, les échafaudages et les structures agricoles amovibles ainsi que les dispositifs de
divertissement pour enfants actionnés par un simple jeton et ne transportant pas plus de deux enfants, ne sont pas
couverts par la présente norme.
Néanmoins, la présente norme peut etre utilisée pour la conception de tout dispositif structural ou de transport de
passagers similaire, non mentionné explicitement dans la présente norme.
Les regles nationales existantes sur la sécurité des ouvriers ne sont pas couvertes par la présente norme.
Ce document n?est pas applicable aux dispositifs de divertissement qui ont été construits avant la date de
publication de ce document par le CEN.

Naprave in konstrukcije za prireditvene prostore in zabaviščne parke – Varnost

General Information

Status
Withdrawn
Publication Date
28-Feb-2005
Withdrawal Date
06-Jun-2019
Technical Committee
Current Stage
9900 - Withdrawal (Adopted Project)
Start Date
07-Jun-2019
Due Date
30-Jun-2019
Completion Date
07-Jun-2019

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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Fliegende Bauten und Anlagen für Veranstaltungsplätze und Vergnügungsparks - SicherheitMachines et structures pour fetes foraines et parcs d'attraction - SécuritéFairground and amusement park machinery and structures - Safety97.200.40,JULãþDPlaygroundsICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 13814:2004SIST EN 13814:2005en01-marec-2005SIST EN 13814:2005SLOVENSKI

STANDARD
SIST EN 13814:2005

EUROPEAN STANDARDNORME EUROPÉENNEEUROPÄISCHE NORMEN 13814December 2004ICS 91.040.99English versionFairground and amusement park machinery and structures -SafetyMachines et structures pour fêtes foraines et parcsd'attraction - SécuritéFliegende Bauten und Anlagen für Veranstaltungsplätzeund Vergnügungsparks - SicherheitThis European Standard was approved by CEN on 19 May 2004.CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this EuropeanStandard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such nationalstandards may be obtained on application to the Central Secretariat or to any CEN member.This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translationunder the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the Central Secretariat has the same status as the officialversions.CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France,Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia,Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATIONCOMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATIONEUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNGManagement Centre: rue de Stassart, 36

B-1050 Brussels© 2004 CENAll rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reservedworldwide for CEN national Members.Ref. No. EN 13814:2004: ESIST EN 13814:2005

EN 13814:2004 (E) 2 Contents page Foreword......................................................................................................................................................................6 1 Scope..............................................................................................................................................................8 2 Normative references....................................................................................................................................8 3 Terms and definitions.................................................................................................................................11 4 Symbols........................................................................................................................................................12 5 Common requirements for design analysis and examination................................................................12 5.1 Design documents.......................................................................................................................................12 5.1.1 General..........................................................................................................................................................12 5.1.2 Description of design and operation.........................................................................................................13 5.1.3 Design and manufacturing drawings.........................................................................................................13 5.1.4 Principles of analysis..................................................................................................................................13 5.2 Selection of materials..................................................................................................................................14 5.2.1 General..........................................................................................................................................................14 5.2.2 Recommended steels..................................................................................................................................14 5.2.3 Aluminium alloy...........................................................................................................................................15 5.2.4 Timber...........................................................................................................................................................15 5.2.5 Plastic composites......................................................................................................................................15 5.2.6 Concrete.......................................................................................................................................................15 5.2.7 Fasteners......................................................................................................................................................15 5.3 Design loads.................................................................................................................................................16 5.3.1 General..........................................................................................................................................................16 5.3.2 Permanent actions.......................................................................................................................................16 5.3.3 Variable actions...........................................................................................................................................16 5.3.4 Seismic forces..............................................................................................................................................22 5.3.5 Applicable coefficients for impacts, the vibration of structural components directly travelled over and collisions......................................................................................................................................22 5.3.6 Load combinations......................................................................................................................................23 5.4 Structural analysis – Principles.................................................................................................................24 5.4.1 General..........................................................................................................................................................24 5.4.2 Analysis principles for various types of rides..........................................................................................24 5.4.3 Roller coasters with rail track bound vehicles.........................................................................................30 5.4.4 Other railways with track bound vehicles.................................................................................................37 5.4.5 Grandstands.................................................................................................................................................37 5.5 Verification of stability................................................................................................................................37 5.5.1 Safety against overturning, sliding and lifting.........................................................................................37 5.5.2 Ground anchorages.....................................................................................................................................40 5.5.3 Further requirements..................................................................................................................................43 5.5.4 Ground support for packing.......................................................................................................................43 5.6 Verification of strength...............................................................................................................................44 5.6.1 General..........................................................................................................................................................44 5.6.2 Predominantly static stress........................................................................................................................44 5.6.3 Fluctuating stress........................................................................................................................................45 5.6.4 Bolts..............................................................................................................................................................48 5.6.5 Ropes, chains, safety devices, connectors and adapters.......................................................................50 5.7 Structural design and workmanship..........................................................................................................53 5.7.1 Arrangement, accessibility.........................................................................................................................53 5.7.2 Locking and safety devices for fasteners.................................................................................................53 5.7.3 Joints intended for dismantling.................................................................................................................53 5.7.4 Designing of components subject to fluctuating loads...........................................................................53 5.7.5 Supports.......................................................................................................................................................54 SIST EN 13814:2005

EN 13814:2004 (E) 3 5.7.6 Central masts...............................................................................................................................................54 5.7.7 Prevention of corrosion and rot.................................................................................................................54 6 Requirements for design and manufacture of rides and structures......................................................54 6.1 Risk reduction by prevailing design and safety measures.....................................................................54 6.1.1 General..........................................................................................................................................................54 6.1.2 Hazard analysis............................................................................................................................................54 6.1.3 Risk reduction for platforms, ramps, floors, stairs and walkways.........................................................54 6.1.4 Risk reduction by the use of railings, fencing and guarding..................................................................56 6.1.5 Risk reduction in the case of access and egress....................................................................................59 6.1.6 Risk reduction for passenger units...........................................................................................................60 6.1.7 Risk reduction by special provisions........................................................................................................67 6.2 Supplementary safety requirements for various types of amusement device.....................................68 6.2.1 Round-abouts with horizontal and/or vertical movements.....................................................................68 6.2.2 Giant wheels, swings (with and without motor drives)...........................................................................70 6.2.3 Roller coasters, flume rides, dark rides, railways and other rail-guided channel or trackbound devices..........................................................................................................................................................72 6.2.4 Maximum deceleration shall not exceed 0,7 g for an emergency and 0.5 g for normal stopping brakes (service brakes) unless special provisions for passengers are installed (lap bars, etc.).......75 6.2.5 Side shows, booths, win-a-prize and sales stands, mazes, halls of mirrors, fun houses, labyrinths, hammers, ring the bell and similar.........................................................................................84 6.2.6 Temporary grandstands, maneges, etc.....................................................................................................86 6.2.7 Shooting stands and trailers, shooting devices......................................................................................86 6.3 Mechanical systems....................................................................................................................................88 6.4 Manufacture and supply.............................................................................................................................92 6.4.1 General..........................................................................................................................................................92 6.4.2 Manufacture.................................................................................................................................................92 6.4.3 Supply...........................................................................................................................................................95 6.5 Initial approval, examination and acceptance – Recommended procedures.......................................97 6.5.1 General..........................................................................................................................................................97 6.5.2 Initial approval of amusement devices......................................................................................................97 6.6 Provisions before supply and use...........................................................................................................100 6.6.1 Log book.....................................................................................................................................................100 6.6.2 Official technical dossier..........................................................................................................................101 6.6.3 Identification marking...............................................................................................................................102 7 Operation and use of rides and structures.............................................................................................102 7.1 Introduction................................................................................................................................................102 7.2 Standard documentation..........................................................................................................................103 7.3 Requirements for Personnel....................................................................................................................103 7.4 Duties of the controller.............................................................................................................................103 7.4.1 General........................................................................................................................................................103 7.4.2 Buying and selling.....................................................................................................................................104 7.4.3 Selection and training of staff..................................................................................................................104 7.4.4 Build up ad pull down...............................................................................................................................105 7.4.5 Care of equipment.....................................................................................................................................107 7.4.6 Trial Operations and Checks....................................................................................................................109 7.4.7 Operation....................................................................................................................................................110 7.4.8 Special duties for the supervision of the operation...............................................................................112 7.4.9 Maintenance, repair and modifications...................................................................................................116 7.5 Duties of the amusement device operator..............................................................................................117 7.6 Duties of the attendant..............................................................................................................................119 7.7 Independent examinations.......................................................................................................................119 7.7.1 Independent thorough examination........................................................................................................119 7.7.2 Installation examination............................................................................................................................121 7.7.3 Examination after repair and modification..............................................................................................121 7.7.4 Reports.......................................................................................................................................................122 7.7.5 Examination intervals................................................................................................................................122 7.8 Fire..............................................................................................................................................................122 7.8.1 General........................................................................................................................................................122 7.8.2 Fire procedures..........................................................................................................................................122 7.8.3 Provisions in case of fire..........................................................................................................................122 7.8.4 Access of emergency services................................................................................................................123 SIST EN 13814:2005

EN 13814:2004 (E) 4 Annex A (informative)

Fatigue analysis.............................................................................................................125 A.1 General........................................................................................................................................................125 A.2 Symbols and definitions...........................................................................................................................125 A.3 Requirements for fatigue assessment.....................................................................................................126 A.4 Fatigue strength of steel structures........................................................................................................127 A.4.1 Constant amplitude stress range (Palmgreen-Miner-Rule)...................................................................127 A.4.2 Equivalent constant amplitude stress range at N..................................................................................127 A.4.3 Equivalent constant amplitude stress range at Nc = 2 ×××× 106.................................................................128 A.5 Damage assessment for combined stresses..........................................................................................129 A.6 Formulae for life time prediction..............................................................................................................130 A.6.1 General........................................................................................................................................................130 A.6.2 Basic procedure.........................................................................................................................................130 A.6.3 Calculation of fatigue life..........................................................................................................................130 Annex B (normative)

Detailed analysis rules.....................................................................................................132 B.1 Swings........................................................................................................................................................132 B.1.1 General........................................................................................................................................................132 B.1.2 Forces on struts.........................................................................................................................................133 B.1.3 Safety of the swing against overturning.................................................................................................134 B.1.4 Motor driven swings..................................................................................................................................136 B.2 Ferris wheels..............................................................................................................................................136 B.2.1 Loads..........................................................................................................................................................136 B.2.2 Dominant loading cases...........................................................................................................................138 B.2.3 Calculation..................................................................................................................................................138 B.2.4 Erection.......................................................................................................................................................143 B.2.5 General indications....................................................................................................................................143 B.3 Chair-O-Planes and suspension roundabouts.......................................................................................143 B.4 Roundabout with floor (suspended floor and turntable roundabouts)................................................148 B.5 Motor-driven vehicle attractions..............................................................................................................149 B.5.1 Motor-driven vehicle attractions with carriageways for unidirectional driving (e. g. car racing tracks, multi storey car tracks, go-cart tracks, motor scooter tracks).................................................149 B.5.2 Driving installations with arbitrary directions of driving (dodgem cars).............................................150 B.6 Steep wall tracks........................................................................................................................................150 B.7 Globes.........................................................................................................................................................151 B.8 Installations for artistic aerial displays...................................................................................................151 B.9 Rotors.........................................................................................................................................................151 B.10 Toboggans..................................................................................................................................................151 B.11 Rolling barrels............................................................................................................................................152 B.12 Travelling platforms..................................................................................................................................152 B.13 Turntables...................................................................................................................................................152 Annex C (normative)

Examination forms...........................................................................................................153 C.1 Thorough examination form.....................................................................................................................153 C.2 Initial examination form............................................................................................................................154 Annex D (normative)

Electrical equipment and Control systems...................................................................155 D.1 Electrical equipment..................................................................................................................................155 D.1.1 General........................................................................................................................................................155 D.1.2 Protection class of equipment.................................................................................................................155 D.1.3 Sliding contacts.........................................................................................................................................155 D.1.4 Earthing systems.......................................................................................................................................155 D.1.5 Protection against electric shocks..........................................................................................................155 D.1.6 Lightning protection measures................................................................................................................156 D.1.7 Lighting and emergency lighting.............................................................................................................156 D.1.8 Overload and short circuit protection.....................................................................................................156 D.1.9 Additional requirements for water rides.................................................................................................156 D.2 Control systems.........................................................................................................................................156 D.2.1 General........................................................................................................................................................156 D.2.2 Relevant standards....................................................................................................................................157 D.2.3 Safety related control systems elements................................................................................................157 D.2.4 Stop functions............................................................................................................................................158 D.2.5 Safety related parameters.........................................................................................................................158 D.2.6 Passenger restraint status........................................................................................................................159 SIST EN 13814:2005

EN 13814:2004 (E) 5 D.2.7 Inhibiting or bypassing of safety functions............................................................................................159 D.2.8 Control modes...........................................................................................................................................159 D.2.9 Collision prevention by control systems................................................................................................161 Annex E (informative)

Guidance on design of passenger containment..........................................................164 Annex F (informative)

Log Book for an amusement device.............................................................................167 Annex G (informative)

Acceleration Effects on Passengers............................................................................187 G.1 Medical tolerance – General.....................................................................................................................187 G.2 Rides...........................................................................................................................................................187 G.2.1 General........................................................................................................................................................187 G.2.2 Lateral acceleration (y-direction).............................................................................................................187 G.2.3 Vertical acceleration (z-direction)...................................................................

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